907 Updates February 28, 2017

Jerzy Shedlock: Anchorage Jewish center receives bomb threat amid incidents nationwide

 

Alex DeMarban: Claiming millions of dollars missing, an Alaska exploration company sues 2 former executives

 

Prioritie$
Nathaniel Herz: House leader says no to expense cuts for legislators but backs deep cuts to schools

 

Then they should not be in the business if even the record keeping is a hardship.
 Devin Kelly: Auctioneers, antique dealers and brokers criticize proposed Anchorage metals law

 

How did he try to save her?
Zaz Hollander: ‘My lost love’: Survivor of Mat-Su fire tried to save trapped girlfriend

 

Michelle Theriault Boots: How many moose live in Anchorage? For the first time, residents help biologists count

 

Tegan Hanlon:  When will the 2017 Iditarod start? (And answers to 14 other race questions)

Quotes February 28, 2017

“A real leader faces the music, even when he doesn’t like the tune.”
Anonymous

 

 

“The art of leadership is saying no, not yes.  It is very easy to say yes.”
Tony Blair

 

 

“When the effective leader is finished with his work, the people say it happened naturally.”
Lao Tzu

 

 

 

“Very little is needed to make a happy life; it is all within yourself, in your way of thinking.”
Marcus Aurelius

 

 
“If you want happiness for an hour — take a nap.
If you want happiness for a day — go fishing.
If you want happiness for a year — inherit a fortune.
If you want happiness for a lifetime — help someone else.”
Chinese Proverb

 

 

The best art, I would say, is to give form to more sublime instincts or sublime states of mind. So, we give form to our spiritual condition, our spiritual state. This is what it means to give form to the formless.
Ron Nakasone

 

 
No human ever became interesting by not failing. The more you fail and recover and improve, the better you are as a person. Ever meet someone who’s always had everything work out for them with zero struggle? They usually have the depth of a puddle. Or they don’t exist.
Chris Hardwick

 

 

 

 

No man ever achieved worth-while success who did not, at one time or other, find himself with at least one foot hanging well over the brink of failure.
Napoleon Hill

 

 

 

I will not be poisoned by your bitterness.
Anne of Green Gables

 

 

You are far too smart to be the only thing standing in your way.
Jennifer J. Freeman

 

 

“Detach from what destroys you.”
R.H. Sin

 

 

What will matter is the good we did, not the good we expected others to do.
Elizabeth Lesser

 

 

“If you laugh, you think, and you cry, that’s a full day. That’s a heck of a day. You do that seven days a week, you’re going to have something special.”
Coach Jim Valvano

 

 

Listening has the quality of the wizard’s alchemy. It has the power to melt armor and produce beauty in the midst of hatred.
Brian Muldoon

 

 

 

You are always one decision away from a totally different life.
Unknown

 

 

Don’t concern yourself with things that don’t concern you.  If it’s not your business, don’t make it your burden.
Unknown

 

 

Feel the fear and do it anyway.
Unknown

 

FYI February 28, 2017

 

The 2 Minutes Microwave Chocolate Souffle (Molten Lava Cake)

 

FAT TUESDAY – Day Before Ash Wednesday

 

 

On this day:

1939 – The erroneous word “dord” is discovered in the Webster’s New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation
The word dord is a notable error in lexicography, an accidental creation, or ghost word, of the G. and C. Merriam Company’s staff in the second (1934) edition of its New International Dictionary, in which the term is defined as “density”.

Philip Babcock Gove, an editor at Merriam-Webster who became editor-in-chief of Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, wrote a letter to the journal American Speech, fifteen years after the error was caught, in which he explained why “dord” was included in that dictionary.[1]

On July 31, 1931, Austin M. Patterson, Webster’s chemistry editor, sent in a slip reading “D or d, cont./density.” This was intended to add “density” to the existing list of words that the letter “D” can abbreviate. The slip somehow went astray, and the phrase “D or d” was misinterpreted as a single, run-together word: Dord (This was a plausible mistake because headwords on slips were typed with spaces between the letters, making “D or d” look very much like “D o r d”). A new slip was prepared for the printer and a part of speech assigned along with a pronunciation. The would-be word got past proofreaders and appeared on page 771 of the dictionary around 1934.[1]

On February 28, 1939, an editor noticed “dord” lacked an etymology and investigated. Soon an order was sent to the printer marked “plate change/imperative/urgent”. In 1940, bound books began appearing without the ghost word but with a new abbreviation (although inspection of printed copies well into the 1940s show “dord” still present).[2] The non-word “dord” was excised, and the definition of the adjacent entry “Doré furnace” was expanded from “A furnace for refining dore bullion” to “a furnace in which dore bullion is refined” to close up the space. Gove wrote that this was “probably too bad, for why shouldn’t dord mean ‘density’?”[1] The entry “dord” was not removed until 1947.[3]

 

 

 

 

 

 

Born on this day:

1896 – Philip Showalter Hench, American physician and endocrinologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
Philip Showalter Hench (February 28, 1896 – March 30, 1965) was an American physician. Hench, along with his Mayo Clinic co-worker Edward Calvin Kendall and Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1950 for the discovery of the hormone cortisone, and its application for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The Nobel Committee bestowed the award for the trio’s “discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects.”[1]

Hench received his undergraduate education at Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, and received his medical training at the United States Army Medical Corps and the University of Pittsburgh. He began working at Mayo Clinic in 1923, later serving as the head of the Department of Rheumatology. In addition to the Nobel Prize, Hench received many other awards and honors throughout his career. He also had a lifelong interest in the history and discovery of yellow fever.

Early life and education
He attended Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, where he obtained his Bachelor of Arts in 1916. After serving in the Medical Corps of the U.S. Army and the reserve corps to finish his medical training, he was awarded a doctorate in medicine from the University of Pittsburgh in 1920.[2] Immediately after finishing his medical degree, Hench spent a year as an intern at St. Francis Hospital in Pittsburgh, and then he subsequently became a Fellow of the Mayo Foundation.[2]

In 1928 and 1929, Hench furthered his education at Freiburg University and the von Müller Clinic in Munich.[2]

Medical career
Hench started his career at Mayo Clinic in 1923, working in the Department of Rheumatic Diseases. In 1926, he became the head of the department. While at Mayo Clinic, Hench focused his work on arthritic diseases, where his observations led him to hypothesize that steroids alleviated pain associated with the disease.[2] During this same time, biochemist Edward Calvin Kendall has isolated several steroids from the adrenal gland cortex. After several years of work, the duo decided to try one of these steroids (dubbed Compound E at the time, later to become known as cortisone) on patients afflicted by rheumatoid arthritis.[2] Testing of the hypothesis was delayed because the synthesis of Compound E was costly and time-consuming, and Hench served in the military during World War II. The tests were conducted successfully in 1948 and 1949.[2]

Hench, Kendall and Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein were awarded the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects.”[1] As of the 2010 prizes, Hench and Kendall are the only two Nobel laureates affiliated with Mayo Clinic.[3] Hench’s Nobel Lecture was directly related to the research he was honored for, and titled “The Reversibility of Certain Rheumatic and Non-Rheumatic Conditions by the Use of Cortisone Or of the Pituitary Adrenocorticotropic Hormone”.[4] His speech at the banquet during the award ceremony acknowledged the connections between the study of medicine and chemistry, saying of his co-winners “Perhaps the ratio of one physician to two chemists is symbolic, since medicine is so firmly linked to chemistry by a double bond.”[5]

During his career, Hench was one of the founding members of the American Rheumatism Association, and served as its president in 1940 and 1941.[6] In addition to the Nobel Prize, Hench has been awarded the Heberdeen Medal (1942), the Lasker Award (1949), the Passano Foundation Award (1950), and the Criss Award.[2] Lafayette College, Washington and Jefferson College, Western Reserve University, the National University of Ireland and the University of Pittsburgh awarded Hench honorary doctorates.[2]

In addition to his work with cortisone, Hench had a career long interest in yellow fever. Starting in 1937, Hench began to document the history behind the discovery of yellow fever. His collection of documents on this subject are at the University of Virginia in the Philip S. Hench Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection.[7] His wife donated the collection to the university after his death.[8]

Family
Hench married Mary Kahler in 1927.[2] His father-in-law, John Henry Kahler, was a friend of Mayo Clinic founder William J. Mayo.[9] Hench and his wife had four children, two daughters and two sons.[2] His son, Philip Kahler Hench also studied rheumatology.[10] Hench died of pneumonia while on vacation in Ocho Rios, Jamaica in 1965.[6]

 

 

 

1929 – Rangaswamy Srinivasan, Indian-American physical chemist and inventor
Rangaswamy Srinivasan (born February 28, 1929, Madras, India[1]) is a physical chemist and inventor with a 30-year career at IBM Research. He has developed techniques for ablative photodecomposition and used them to contribute to the development of LASIK eye surgery. He received the National Medal of Technology from President Obama on February 2, 2013 for his contributions to laser eye surgery.

Education
Srinivasan was born in India on February 28, 1929.[2] Srinivasan received both bachelor’s and master’s degrees in science from the University of Madras, in 1949 and 1950.[2] In 1953 he moved to the United States to attend graduate school. He earned a doctorate in physical chemistry at the University of Southern California in 1956, studying protein chemistry with chemical kineticist Sidney W. Benson.[3] He held postdoctoral positions at the California Institute of Technology in 1956, and at the University of Rochester from 1957 to 1961.[4]

Career
Srinivasan has spent a thirty-year career, from 1961 to 1990, at IBM’s T. J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York. He joined the research staff in 1961, and was promoted to “manager of fundamental photochemical research” in 1963.[5] His research group has studied ultraviolet light and its effects on organic matter.[4]

In 1981, Srinivasan and his coworkers determined that an ultraviolet excimer laser could be used to etch designs into polymers. The technique has since been used in the computer industry to drill polymers to create computer circuit boards and ink jet printer nozzles.[6]

Srinivasan, physicist James J. Wynne and materials scientist Samuel Blum speculated that it might also be possible to use excimer lasers on living tissue. On November 27, 1981, Srinivasan experimented with the remains of his family’s Thanksgiving turkey, and proved that it was possible to create precisely-etched patterns.[5][7][8] An ultraviolet excimer laser pulsed at 193 nm was able to etch living tissue precisely without causing any thermal damage to surrounding area. Srinivasan named the technique Ablative Photodecomposition (APD),[4] a type of Laser ablation.[9]

In 1983, ophthalmic surgeon Stephen Trokel approached Srinivasan about the possibility of using APD for surgery of the cornea. The collaboration of Srinivasan, Trokel, and Bodil Braren led to development of LASIK eye surgery, a technique for reshaping the cornea to correct visual issues such as myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. In 1995, a commercial system for laser refractive surgery was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.[7]

Srinivasan has published over 130 scientific papers and holds at least 22 US patents.[4] A patent application filed by Stephen Trokel in 1992, claiming a LASIK surgery technique as his sole invention, was declared invalid in 2000 by an International Trade Commission ruling that found that Srinivasan should have been included as a co-author.[10]

In 1990, Srinivasan formed a consulting company, UVTech Associates.[4]

Awards
External video Excimer-Laser-MEL80.jpg
2013 Russ Prize, Ohio University

In 1997, Srinivasan was awarded the American Chemical Society’s Award for Creative Invention,[11] and the ACS North East Section’s Esselen Medal.[12]

In 1998, Srinivasan was awarded the Max Delbruck Prize in Biological Physics by the American Physical Society.[13]

In 1999, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering.[14]

In 2002, he was inducted into the US National Inventors Hall of Fame.[2]

In 2004, he received the Prize for Industrial Applications of Physics from the American Institute of Physics.[4]

In 2011, Srinivasan, Wynne, and Blum received the Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize from Ohio University and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) for their work, “a bioengineering achievement that significantly improves the human condition.”[5]

In 2012, Srinivasan, Wynne, and Blum were named as recipients of the National Medal of Technology and Innovation.[15] The award was presented on February 1, 2013 by President Barack Obama, to acknowledge their work with the Excimer laser, leading to the development of LASIK Surgery.[16][17]

 

 

 

 

FYI:

Farewell: Joseph Albert Wapner (November 15, 1919 – February 26, 2017)
Joseph Albert Wapner (November 15, 1919 – February 26, 2017) was an American judge and television personality. He was the first star of the ongoing reality courtroom series The People’s Court. The court show’s first run in syndication, with Wapner presiding as judge, lasted from 1981 to 1993, for 12 seasons and 2,484 episodes. While the show’s second run has been presided over by multiple judges, Wapner was the sole judge to preside during the court show’s first run.

Wapner’s tenure on the program made him the first jurist of arbitration-based reality court shows, what is now a most popular trend in the judicial genre. Until the summer of 2013, Wapner also held the title of longest reigning arbiter over The People’s Court. However, by completion of the court show’s 2012–2013 season, Marilyn Milian captured this title from him and became the longest-reigning judge over the series. Five years after presiding over The People’s Court, Wapner returned to television as a judge on the nontraditional courtroom series, Judge Wapner’s Animal Court, lasting for two seasons (1998–1999 and 1999–2000).

 

 

 

Stella: In 1973, Spanish architect Ricardo Bofill purchased a WWI-era cement factory near Barcelona
Ricardo Bofill

 

 

 

Darla the tutu wearing therapy chicken

Darla the tutu wearing therapy chicken

 

 

Courtesy of Just A Car Guy
A stunning scene of a former C and O cantilever signal glowing brightly against the snow along the CSX main line near Pence Springs, West Virginia on February 19, 2012.
In September of 1825 the steam-powered, Stockton and Darlington began service on a standard-gauged right-of-way of 4-feet, 8 1/2-inches.
The width was based upon ancient Roman chariot roads and championed by locomotive builders George and Robert Stephenson, earning it the name “Stephenson Gauge.”

Railroad Infrastructure, The Backbone Of How Trains Operate

 

 

 

 

Women Who Draw

 

 

Get Daily Art

 

 

Shorpy February 28, 2017

San Francisco circa 1923. “Jordan Playboy roadster.” A car famous for the ad copy that sold it. 5×7 glass negative by Christopher Helin. View full size.
Somewhere west of Laramie there’s a broncho-busting, steer-roping girl who knows what I’m talking about. She can tell what a sassy pony, that’s a cross between greased lightning and the place where it hits, can do with eleven hundred pounds of steel and action when he’s going high, wide and handsome. The truth is — the Playboy was built for her. Built for the lass whose face is brown with the sun when the day is done of revel and romp and race. She loves the cross of the wild and the tame. There’s a savor of links about that car — of laughter and lilt and light — a hint of old loves — and saddle and quirt. It’s a brawny thing — yet a graceful thing for the sweep o’ of the Avenue. Step into the Playboy when the hour grows dull with things dead and stale. Then start for the land of real living with the spirit of the lass who rides, lean and rangy, into the red horizon of a Wyoming twilight.

 

1935. “Edgemont, Keene vicinity, Albemarle County, Virginia. Structure dates to 1806. Was the home of Col. James Powell Cocke. Designed by Thomas Jefferson after the Villa Rotunda design of Palladio.” 8×10 negative by Frances Benjamin Johnston, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South.

 

October 1939. Greeley, Colorado. “Mrs. Milton Robinson, wife of Farm Security Administration borrower, in the kitchen of her farm home.” Medium format nitrate negative by Arthur Rothstein for the FSA.

907 Updates February 27, 2017

Unstable soil, Tank farms, Military jets, Railroad are just a few things to consider for ambiance~
Annie Zak: Ship Creek development leaves some worrying: What if there’s an earthquake?

 

Reform?
Nathaniel Herz:  Lunches, cell phones, and airport lounge fees: How some Alaska lawmakers use leftover campaign cash

 

 

No one saw this coming? If they go dry, then there is no booze to steal.  Problem solved?  
Lisa Demer: Emmonak goes damp and finds a warehouse is targeted by booze thieves

 

 

Congratulations Roxy Wright!
Stephan Wiebe: Wright wins 4th Fur Rondy sled dog title – her first in 24 years

 

 

Suzanna Caldwell: At Alaska’s only seed-cleaning facility, things are really shakin’

FYI February 27, 2017

 

 

On this day:

1560 – The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Lords of the Congregation of Scotland.
The Treaty of Berwick was negotiated on 27 February 1560 at Berwick-upon-Tweed. It was an agreement made by the representative of Queen Elizabeth I of England, the Duke of Norfolk, and the group of rebellious nobles known as the Scottish Lords of the Congregation.[1] The purpose was to agree the terms under which an English fleet and army would come to Scotland to expel the French troops who were defending the Regency of Mary of Guise. The Lords were trying both to expel the French and to effect the Scottish Reformation, and this had led from rioting to armed conflict.[2]

England and the Scottish Lords of the Congregation
The leader of the Lords of the Congregation was the Duke of Chatelherault. He had formerly been Regent, but in this treaty was described as “second person”, meaning that he was heir to the throne after Mary, Queen of Scots. His representatives at Berwick were James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, Patrick, Lord Ruthven, Sir John Maxwell of Terregles, William Maitland younger of Lethington, John Wishart of Pitarro, and Master Henry Balnaves of Halhill. England’s representative was Thomas, Duke of Norfolk.[3]

The treaty was effective: the English navy already had a fleet in the Firth of Forth commanded by William Winter, and now an English army under Baron Grey de Wilton marched north from Berwick into Scotland. The Scottish Lords arranged to rendezvous with the English army on 31 March 1560, at Aitchison’s Haven, the harbour of Newbattle Abbey at Prestongrange in East Lothian.[4]

On 24 March 1560 Elizabeth had a proclamation published and circulated in English, French and Italian, which detailed her concerns over Mary’s use of English heraldry and the ambitions of the Guise family. The proclamation stressed that England was not at war with France or Scotland, although Elizabeth had been forced to “put in order, to her great charges, certain forces both by sea and land.”[5]

The English force assisted with the Siege of Leith until hostilities ended in July 1560, after the death of Mary of Guise and the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh.[6] Under the terms of the treaty, the French fortifications at Leith, new works at Dunbar Castle and at Eyemouth were demolished and the French and English went home. The religious ambitions of the Scottish lords were realised in the Reformation Parliament of August 1560. This parliament also ratified the treaty; William Maitland commended it and the goodwill and favour of Elizabeth in relieving the extreme necessity and “almost utter ruen of the whole countrie.” According to the English observer Thomas Randolph, there was common consent and some would have happily signed in their own blood.[7]

John Knox thought the treaty so important in explaining the actions of the Lords of the Congregation to posterity that he inserted the whole text into his History of the Reformation. Knox directly related the treaty to the thinking of his colleague Christopher Goodman in his tract, How Superior Powers Ought to be Obeyed, by writing:

And because we have heard the malicious tongues of wicked men make false report of this our fact, we have faithfully and truly inserted in this our history the said contract, …that memory thereof may bide to our posterity; to the end that they may judge with indifference, whether that we have done anything prejudicial to our commonwealth or yet contrarious unto that debtful obedience which true subjects owe to their superiors…[8]

The modern historian Michael Lynch called the treaty “an astonishing document which mentioned many things but not religion.”[9] Pamela Ritchie, historian and author of a political biography of Mary of Guise, sees the treaty as facilitating “the interference of a foreign monarch in what was essentially a domestic crisis.”[10] William Ferguson argued that previous historians had overemphasised the significance of the treaty and the English military action. While the intervention was opportunistic, arranged following the tumult of Amboise when France was first troubled by her wars of Religion, the English army did not receive widespread welcome and support, and failed to take Leith by storm.[11] The English were aware of the probable impact of troubles in France; Cecil wrote to Ralph Sadler on 22 March 1560 that:

“we here doo trust well that the bravery of the French wilbe cooled; at home they have ynough to doo with trooble partly for religion, partly for governance; God send his just wrath amomgst them to their amendment.”[12]

The Scottish Lords had already seen the opportunity arising from pressures on France’s borders. On 20 January Richard Maitland wrote to his friend in London of their readiness to abandon the Auld Alliance, noting;

“It shall not be amiss to consider in what case the French be presently, their estate is not always so calm at home as everyman thinketh … the demand by the Empire for the restitution of Metz, Toul, and Verdun may grow to some business.”[13]

On the 27 March 1560, Mary of Guise wrote to her brothers, the Cardinal and Duke of Guise, that she never saw anything so shameful as the Articles.[14]

The Berwick articles[15] included:

The belief of Elizabeth that France intended to conquer Scotland, and offered her protection to its nobility during the marriage of Mary to Francis II of France.
Elizabeth would send an army with all speed to join with Scots.
Any forts won by the English force would be immediately destroyed by the Scots, or delivered to the Duke of Châtellerault.
The Scots will aid the English Army.
All enemies of England are enemies of both.
Scotland shall be no further united to France than by Mary’s marriage.
Scotland will help repel French invasions of England.
The Earl of Argyll will help English rule in the north of Ireland.[16]
The Scots will offer hostages or ‘pledges’ — those sent in April 1560 included:[17]
Claud Hamilton, 1st Lord Paisley, Châtellerault’s son, aged 14.
Master Alexander Campbell, first cousin to the Earl of Argyll.
Master Robert Douglas half-brother of Lord James.
Master James Cunningham, son of Earl of Glencairn.
Master George Graham, son of the Earl of Menteith, aged 5.
Master Archibald Ruthven, son of Lord Ruthven, aged 14.
These hostages were at Newcastle by 10 April 1560, attended by Ninian Menville of Sledwick Hall.[18] Châtellerault wrote to Elizabeth on 21 December 1561, asking for the return of these pledges, as they were meant to stay in England only until a year after the end of Mary’s French marriage.[19]
The treaty to be signed by the Duke after the hostages are delivered. There is no due obedience withdrawn from Mary or the French king.

The treaty was signed and sealed by 30 of the Lords of the Congregation at the ‘camp before Leith’ (Pilrig) on 10 May 1560.[20]

 

 

Born on this day:

1875 – Vladimir Filatov, Russian-Ukrainian ophthalmologist and surgeon (d. 1956)
Vladimir Petrovich Filatov (Russian: Владимир Филaтoв, 15 [O.S. 27] February 1875, Mikhaylovka, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire – 30 October 1956, Odessa, Ukrainian SSR) was a Russian and Ukrainian ophthalmologist and surgeon best known for his development of tissue therapy. He introduced the tube flap grafting method, corneal transplantation and preservation of grafts from cadaver eyes. He founded The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy in Odessa, Ukraine. Filatov is also credited for restoring Vasily Zaytsev’s sight when he suffered an injury to his eyes from a mortar attack during Battle of Stalingrad.

First corneal transplantation was attempted by Filatov on 28 February 1912, but the graft grew opaque. After numerous attempts over the course of many years, Filatov achieved a successful transplantation of cornea from a diseased person on 6 May 1931.[1]

 

 

1890 – Mabel Keaton Staupers, American nurse and advocate (d.1989)
Mabel Keaton Staupers (February 27, 1890 – November 29, 1989) was a pioneer in the American nursing profession. Faced with racial discrimination after graduating from nursing school, Staupers became an advocate for racial equality in the nursing profession.[1]
Biography

Staupers was born on February 27, 1890, in Barbados, West Indies.[2] In 1903, at the age of thirteen, she emigrated to the United States with her parents, Pauline and Thomas Doyle. She attended Freedmen’s Hospital School of Nursing in Washington, DC, where she graduated with honors. After graduation, she worked as a private duty nurse.

Staupers fought for the inclusion of black nurses in World War II to the Army and Navy as the executive secretary of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NAGCN). She wrote that “Negro nurses recognize that service to their country is a responsibility of citizenship.”[3]

She continued fighting for the full inclusion of nurses of all races in the U.S. military, which was granted in January 1945. In 1948, the American Nursing Association followed suit and allowed African-American nurses to become members. In 1950, Staupers dissolved the NAGCN because she believed the organization had completed its mission. In 1951, the NAACP honored Stauper with the Spingarn Medal in recognition of her efforts on behalf of black women workers.[4]

During World War II, Staupers assembled support and fought to stop the usage of quotas in the military.[5] Quotas were used in the military to restrict the number of black nurses the military hired.[5]

While working as a private nurse in Washington and New York, Staupers helped establish the Booker T. Washington Sanatorium.[5] It was one of the few clinics founded to care for African Americans who had tuberculosis,[5] at a time when other hospitals refused black medical experts privileges or staffing positions.[5] Staupers served as Superintendent for the Booker T. Washington Sanatorium from 1920 to 1922.[5] Staupers used her influence and management skills and became executive secretary of the Harlem Committee of the New York Tuberculosis and Health Association,[5] a position she held for twelve years. In December 1935, Staupers attended a gathering of African American women leaders, organized by Mary McLeod Bethune to establish the National Council of Negro Women.[5]

 

 

 

FYI:

Angela Helm: Judge in Idaho High School Football Hanger Case Lashes Out Saying It Was Not ‘Rape’ Nor Was It ‘Racial’

 

Beth Elderkin: Bill Paxton Dies at 61 After Surgery Complications

 

Rhett Jones: You’ll Never See ‘Who Framed Roger Rabbit’ the Same Way After This Video

 

 

by wold630: Non-Toxic Adhesive Removal

 

by KitchenMason: How To Make The Best Millionaire’s Shortbread Pancakes

Shorpy February 27, 2017

1938. “Swimwear model on bow of skiff at Marineland.” You’ve come a long way, baby. Medium format negative by Toni Frissell.

 

September 1943. Cincinnati, Ohio. “The children of Bernard Cochran, a Greyhound bus driver, doing dishes after Sunday dinner.” Medium format negative by Esther Bubley for the Office of War Information.

Quotes February 27, 2017

Maybe if we all sit extremely still, Monday won’t be able to see us.
Anonymous

 

 

The grass may be greener on the other side but at least you don’t have to mow it.
Anonymous

 

 

God gave us the brain to work out problems. However, we use it to create more problems.
Anonymous

 

 

I was going to look for my missing watch, but I could never find the time.
Anonymous

 

 

If you can go to the gym without telling people on the Internet, you are instantly hired by the CIA.
Anonymous

 

 

My kids are very optimistic. Every glass they leave sitting around the house is at least half full.
Anonymous

 

 

It must be difficult to post inspirational Tweets when your blood type is B Negative.
Anonymous

 

 

At Comic Con, all I could think was how happy these people’s moms must be to have the house to themselves for a few hours.
Anonymous

 

 

My first child has gone off to college and I feel a great emptiness in my life. Specifically, in my checking account.
Anonymous

 

 

Confucius says Love one another. If it doesn’t work, just interchange the last two words.
Anonymous

 

 

I might drive you crazy, but at least I’ll take the scenic route.
Anonymous

 

 

 

Isn’t it great to live in the 21st century? Where deleting history has become more important than making it.
Anonymous

 

 

I find it ironic that the colors red, white, and blue stand for freedom until they are flashing behind you.
Anonymous

 

 

My favorite mythical creature? The honest politician.
Anonymous

 

 

Did you know that dolphins are so smart that within a few weeks of captivity, they can train people to stand on the very edge of the pool and throw them fish?
Anonymous

 

 

‘I have no especial adoration of someone whose only claim to fame has been reciting someone else’s words on television. Once you’ve watched your father tell some of the leaders of the free world how he is and isn’t willing to work with them, you’re not impressed by someone who got lucky because they’re good-looking.

Ex-Mossad agents can be as gay as anyone else. However, they don’t check out possible prom dates while they’re on the job. They’re sort of like asexual killing machines until it’s time to call it a night. Then they party way harder than almost any other highly trained servicemen, possibly exceeded only by German paratroopers.’

You Know Who I Am (The Drusilla Thorne Mysteries Book 1)
by Diane Patterson (Author)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Possibly Offensive:

 

 

 

Life is like toilet paper, you’re either on a roll or taking shit from some asshole.
Anonymous

Is your ass jealous of the amount of shit that just came out of your mouth?
Anonymous