March 2017 archive

Shorpy March 31, 2017

April 1936. “Blight — 1316 West Walnut Street. Milwaukee, Wisc.” Medium format negative by Carl Mydans for the Resettlement Administration.


June 1943. Tunisia. “A German military cemetery on the outskirts of Tunis.” Photo by Marjory Collins for the Office of War Information.


June 1943. “Miss Ruth Gusick, formerly a clerk in a drugstore, now works as a garage attendant at one of the Atlantic Refining Company service stations in Philadelphia.” Photo by Jack Delano, Office of War Information.


June 1943. Washington, D.C. “Miss Helen Ringwald, employee at the Western Union telegraph office, works with the pneumatic tubes through which messages are sent to branches in other parts of the city for delivery.” Medium format nitrate negative by Esther Bubley for the Office of War Information.

907 Updates March 31, 2017

Sen. Susan Collins of Maine and Sen. Lisa Murkowski of Alaska were the only Republicans to vote against the bill.
By Travis Khachatoorian: Restrictive bill targeting Planned Parenthood passes, without help from Alaska senator


By Cameron Mackintosh and Phil Walczak: ‘I’m lucky to be alive’ Avalanche victim shares story of survival









Twice In A Lifetime: It Must Be Good
Great friends of ours recently bought their first cruising boat.
In the nautical world, this is recognized as a dark and lamentable turning point in anyone’s life.


Little Ice Age



Music March 31, 2017

RED Friday





Jeff Baxter
Jeffrey Allen “Skunk” Baxter (born December 13, 1948) is an American guitarist, known for his stints in the rock bands Steely Dan and The Doobie Brothers during the 1970s and Spirit in the 1980s. More recently, he has been working as a defense consultant and chairs a Congressional Advisory Board on missile defense.[1]


Doobie Brothers Rock Out for the Troops
They have been playing for troops since the mid-1980s, when vocalist and guitarist Pat Simmons and Johnston went on USO tours of overseas bases as part of all-star bands in successive years.

“I had such a good time on the tour, and we have always believed in supporting our men and women in uniform,” Simmons said. “Other than the fact that we are older, and the troops are younger, I don’t think much has changed. People still love to rock out, and so do we.”

FYI March 31, 2017

March 31 is Oysters on the Half Shell Day






On this day:

1717 – A sermon on “The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ” by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, provokes the Bangorian Controversy.

The Bangorian Controversy was a theological argument within the Church of England in the early 18th century, with strong political overtones. The origins of the controversy lay in the 1716 posthumous publication of George Hickes’s Constitution of the Catholic Church, and the Nature and Consequences of Schism. In it, Hickes, on behalf of the minority non-juror faction who had broken away from the Church of England after the Glorious Revolution, as Bishop of Thetford excommunicated all but the non-juror churchmen. Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, wrote a reply entitled, Preservative against the Principles and Practices of Non-Jurors; in it his own Erastian position was sincerely proposed as the only test of truth.

The controversy itself began very visibly and vocally when Hoadly delivered a sermon on 31 March 1717 to George I of Great Britain on The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ. His text was John 18:36, “My kingdom is not of this world,” and from that Hoadly deduced, supposedly at the request of the king himself, that there is no Biblical justification for any church government of any sort. He identified the church with the kingdom of Heaven—it was therefore not of this world, and Christ had not delegated His authority to any representatives.

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Two competing visions of government were in play. On the one hand, there was a vision of God appointing the king and the bishops to be leaders, selecting them from all others and imbuing them with special characters, either through grace or in creation. This view held that the king, as the head of the Established Church, was not merely a secular leader of a state, but also a religious primate. Power and regulation flowed downward from God to the people. This was the aristocratic model that was favoured by the Tory party and which had been used to propose the divine right of kings.

The other view was that power flowed up from the people to the leaders, that leaders were no more intrinsically better than those led, and that God gives out revelation freely. This Whig view was also the view of the Puritans and the “Independents” (i.e., the various Congregational and Baptist churches, Quakers, etc.).

George I favoured the Whig party in Parliament and favoured a latitudinarian ecclesiastical policy in general. This was probably not due to any desire to give up royal prerogative, but rather to break the power of the aristocracy and the House of Lords. A significant obstacle to all kings of England had been the presence of bishops in the Lords. While a king could create peers, it was much more difficult for him to move bishops into and out of the Lords.

Sermon and aftermath
The sermon was immediately published and instantly drew counter-attacks. William Law (Three Letters to the Bishop of Bangor) and Thomas Sherlock (dean of Chichester), in particular, gave vigorous defences of church polity. Hoadly himself wrote A Reply to the Representations of Convocation to answer Sherlock, Andrew Snape, provost of Eton, and Francis Hare, then dean of Worcester. These three men, and another opponent, Robert Moss, dean of Ely, were deprived of their royal chaplaincies by the king. Hoadly did not, however, attempt to answer William Law. It has been claimed that, in all, over 200 pamphlets linked to the controversy were published, by 53 writers; of those, 74 were published in July 1717.[1][2][3]

In May 1717, the Convocation appointed a committee to study the sermon. When the report was ready for synodal sanction against Hoadly, the king dismissed the convocation, which did not meet again for over 130 years.



1998 – Netscape releases Mozilla source code under an open source license.
Mozilla is a free-software community created in 1998 by members of Netscape. The Mozilla community uses, develops, spreads and supports Mozilla products, thereby promoting exclusively free software and open standards, with only minor exceptions.[1] The community is supported institutionally by the Mozilla Foundation and its tax-paying subsidiary, the Mozilla Corporation.[2]

Mozilla has produced many products such as the Firefox web browser, Thunderbird e-mail client, Firefox OS mobile operating system, Bugzilla bug tracking system, Gecko layout engine and other projects.

According to Mozilla’s manifesto,[41] which outlines goals, principles, and a pledge, “The Mozilla project uses a community-based approach to create world-class open source software and to develop new types of collaborative activities”. Mozilla’s manifesto mentions only its beliefs in regards to the Internet and Internet privacy, and has no mention of any political or social viewpoints.

According to the Mozilla Foundation:[42]

The Mozilla Foundation pledges to support the Mozilla Manifesto in its activities. Specifically, we will:

Build and enable open-source technologies and communities that support the Manifesto’s principles;
Build and deliver great consumer products that support the Manifesto’s principles;
Use the Mozilla assets (intellectual property such as copyrights and trademarks, infrastructure, funds, and reputation) to keep the Internet an open platform;
Promote models for creating economic value for the public benefit; and
Promote the Mozilla Manifesto principles in public discourse and within the Internet industry.






Born on this day:

This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations.
1644 – Henry Winstanley, English painter and engineer (d. 1703)
Henry Winstanley (31 March 1644 – 27 November 1703) was an English painter and engineer who constructed the first Eddystone lighthouse after losing two ships on the Eddystone rocks. He died while working on the project during the Great Storm of 1703.

Early life and career
He was born in Saffron Walden, Essex, and baptised there on 31 March 1644. His father Henry became land steward to the Earl of Suffolk, owner of Audley End House, in 1652, and young Henry also worked at Audley End, first as a porter and then as a secretary. In 1666 Audley End House was bought by Charles II for use as a base when attending Newmarket races, and it became effectively a royal palace.

Winstanley developed an interest in engraving after a grand tour of Europe between 1669 and 1674, where he was impressed by Continental architecture and the engravings in which it was portrayed. On his return he is believed to have studied engraving with Wenceslas Hollar, and was employed at Audley End House as assistant to the Clerk of Works. In 1676 he embarked on a detailed set of architectural engravings of Audley End House which took him ten years to complete and which survive as an important early record of English manor house architecture. He also designed a set of playing cards which became very popular and sold well. He was appointed Clerk of Works at Audley End in 1679 on the death of his predecessor, and held the post until 1701.

Winstanley was well known in Essex for his fascination with gadgets both mechanical and hydraulic. He had a house built for him at Littlebury which he filled with whimsical mechanisms of his own design and construction, and the “Essex House of Wonders” became a local landmark popular with visitors. In the 1690s he opened a Mathematical Water Theatre known as “Winstanley’s Water-works” in London’s Piccadilly. This was a commercial visitor attraction which combined fireworks, perpetual fountains, automata and ingenious mechanisms of all kinds, including “The Wonderful Barrel” of 1696 which served visitors with hot and cold drinks from the same piece of equipment. It was a successful and profitable venture and continued to operate for some years after its creator’s death.

Construction of the Eddystone lighthouse
Winstanley became a merchant, investing some of the money he had made from his work and commercial enterprises in five ships. Two of them were wrecked on the Eddystone Rocks near Plymouth, and he demanded to know why nothing was done to protect vessels from this hazard. Told that the reef was too treacherous to mark, he declared that he would build a lighthouse there himself, and the Admiralty agreed to support him with ships and men.

Construction started on 14 July 1696. The octagonal tower was to be built from Cornish granite and wood, with ornamental features and a glass lantern-room in which candles would burn to provide the light, and was to be anchored to the rock by 12 huge iron stanchions. One notable incident during its construction occurred in June 1697. At this time Britain and France were at war, and a naval vessel had been assigned to protect the workers whenever they were on the reef. On this particular day, the commissioner at Plymouth, George St Lo, ordered the ship to join the fleet and did not provide a replacement. Instead, a French privateer destroyed the work done so far on the foundations and carried Winstanley off to France. Louis XIV, however, ordered his immediate release, with the words: “France is at war with England, not with humanity”. Winstanley returned to the Eddystone reef, construction resumed, and the first Eddystone Lighthouse was completed in November 1698.

The lighthouse suffered some weather damage during the winter of 1698 – 1699, and the light was often obscured by spray breaking over the top of the tower. Winstanley therefore had it rebuilt the following spring on a larger scale, with extra stonework and even more elaborate decoration. Both lighthouses fulfilled their function. During the five years of their operation, no ships were wrecked on the Eddystone.

Winstanley was recorded as having expressed great faith in his construction, going so far as to wish that he might be inside it during “the greatest storm there ever was”. He got his wish. The tower was entirely destroyed on the night of 27 November 1703, during the Great Storm of that year. Winstanley was visiting the lighthouse that night to make repairs, and he lost his life.

Eddystone Lighthouse
The Eddystone Lighthouse is on the dangerous Eddystone Rocks, 9 statute miles (14 km) south of Rame Head, England, United Kingdom. While Rame Head is in Cornwall, the rocks are in Devon[3] and composed of Precambrian gneiss.[4]

The current structure is the fourth to be built on the site. The first and second were destroyed by storm and fire. The third, also known as Smeaton’s Tower, is the best known because of its influence on lighthouse design and its importance in the development of concrete for building. Its upper portions have been re-erected in Plymouth as a monument.[5] The first lighthouse, completed in 1699, was the world’s first open ocean lighthouse although the Cordouan lighthouse preceded it as the first offshore lighthouse.[6]



By Adele Peters: In 15 years, Millions of People Will Give Up Their Cars for Autonomous Ride Hailing




The Travel Diary: Walking the streets in one of America’s most dangerous cities: Gary, IN



These are great!

The Perfect List of Forms for Every Occasion



FYI March 31, 2017 Religious Qualifications Found No Place in the Con­stitution

Today’s selection — from The Stammering Century by Gilbert Seldes. The United States was founded in an era in which there was a movement away from conventional religion and toward rationalism, deism and even secularism….

Source: religious qualifications found no place in the con­stitution — 3/29/17

Images March 31, 2017

RED Friday



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No Information Provided.
Classic Photograph.


Another side of deployment:

A United States serviceman is about to be deployed and is saying goodbye to his newborn daughter.

Quotes March 31, 2017

I am not going to second-guess my old battlefield comrades from Iraq and Afghanistan; each has his own reason for what he has done.
David Petraeus



There is no God-given right to victory on the battlefield. You win that through the skill and the devotion, the valor and the ferocity of your troops.
James Mattis



It’s one thing to say don’t commit atrocities on the battlefield. It’s another thing to say don’t get caught doing atrocities.
Oliver North



On the battlefield, the military pledges to leave no soldier behind. As a nation, let it be our pledge that when they return home, we leave no veteran behind.
Dan Lipinski



The battlefield is a scene of constant chaos. The winner will be the one who controls that chaos, both his own and the enemies.
Napoleon Bonaparte



“People sleep peaceably in their beds at night only because rough men stand ready to do violence on their behalf.”
George Orwell



“It is well that was is so terrible, else we should grow too fond of it.”
General Robert E. Lee




“Tell them of us and say,
For their tomorrow,
We gave our today.”
The Kohima Epitaph

Edward Curtis’ Photographs of Kwakwaka’wakw Ceremonial Dress and Masks (ca. 1914)

Kotsuis and Hohhug, Nakoaktok — Nakoaktok men in ceremonial dress, with long beaks, crouching on their haunches.



The ceremonial costumes and masks of the Kwakwaka’wakw people as photographed by American photographer and ethnologist Edward Curtis, famous for his work with Native American people.

Source: Edward Curtis’ Photographs of Kwakwaka’wakw Ceremonial Dress and Masks (ca. 1914) | The Public Domain Review

FYI March 30, 2017

Hot Chicken Day






On this day:

1815 – Joachim Murat issues the Rimini Proclamation which would later inspire Italian unification.
The Rimini Proclamation was a proclamation on 30 March 1815 by Joachim Murat, who had been made king of Naples by Napoleon I. Murat had just declared war on Austria and used the proclamation to call on Italians to revolt against their Austrian occupiers and to show himself as a backer of Italian independence, in an attempt to find allies in his desperate battle to hang onto his throne. It began:
“     Italians! The hour has come to engage in your highest destiny.     ”

The proclamation impressed Alessandro Manzoni, who wrote a poem later that year entitled Il proclama di Rimini, but he left it unfinished after Murat’s military campaign failed.

I used google Translate:

Proclamation of Gioacchino Murat the Italians, 30 March 1815.

Proclamation Del Re Di Napoli.


The hour has come that must be accomplished high your destinies. Providence will eventually calls to be an independent nation. From the Alps to the Straits of Scylla Odasi only a cry, “The independence of Italy!” But to which Title Foreign peoples pretend to take off this independence, first right, and first right of all people? By what title they lord it over your most beautiful districts? By what title s’appropriano your wealth to carry them in areas where they were not born? In what way will eventually tear their children, destinandogli to serve, to languish, to die far from the graves of their ancestors?

In vain, therefore, natural for you lifted the barriers of the Alps? He circled in vain to insurmountable barriers even more the difference of languages ​​and customs, the invincible antipathy de ‘characters? No, no: mackerel Italian soil from foreign rule! Masters once the world espiaste this perilous glory with twenty centuries of oppression and massacres. Whether your glory now that they no longer masters. Every nation must contain themselves within the limits that nature gave him. Mari and inaccessible mountains, here is your limits. Never aspire to go beyond them, but respingetene the foreigner who has violated them, if you do not hurry to return them ‘her. Eighty Italian Member of Naples march commanded by their king, and swore not to ask for rest, but after the liberation of Italy. It is already proven that they know how to keep what they swore. Italians of the other districts, seconded the magnanimous design! Turning to arms laid those who used them among you, and you train to use them inexperienced youth.

Sorgue is noble effort in those naive heart, and seconding a free voice speak in the name of the homeland to every truly Italian chest. All, in short, you explain and in all forms national energy. This is to decide whether Italy should be free, or fold again for centuries humiliated forehead to serfdom.

The struggle is decisive, well we will see long we ensured the prosperity of a beautiful home, which, over and bloody tears, excites many foreign races. The enlightened men of each district, whole nations worthy of a Liberal government, the sovereign that differ in size to enjoy nature of your enterprise, and applaud your triumph. Could she not applaud Britain, the constitutional model regiment, that free people, who went to the glory of fighting, and to lavish his treasures for the independence of nations?

Italian! long season you were surprised to call in vain: you there tacciaste perhaps even of inaction, when your votes we played on every side. But the right time had not as yet come, not even had I done proof of perfidy ‘your enemies: and it was necessary that the experience belied the false promises that you were there prodigal your rulers in ancient reappear among you.

EXPERIENCE ready and fatal! I appeal to you, good and unhappy Italians in Milan, Bologna, Turin, Venice, Brescia, Modena, Reggio, and many illustrious and oppressed regions. How many brave warriors and patriots virtuous briskly from his native country! many strains between whining! how many victims and extortion, and untold humiliation! Italian! shelter to so many evils; stringetevi in ​​strong union, and a government of your choice, a truly national representation, a Constitution worthy of the century and you, ensure your freedom and internal properties, so soon as your courage will guarantee your independence.

I call around me all good for fighting. I call likewise those who have meditated deeply on the interests of their country, akin to prepare and arrange the Constitution and the laws that would provide henceforward the happy Italy, the independent Italian.

Rimini, March 30, 1815. Gioacchino Napoleone.


1867 – Alaska is purchased from Russia for $7.2 million, about 2-cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward.




Born on this day:

1857 – Léon Charles Thévenin, French engineer (d. 1926)
Northon Thévenin (30 March 1857, Meaux, Seine-et-Marne – 21 September 1926, Paris) was a French telegraph engineer who extended Ohm’s law to the analysis of complex electrical circuits.

Born in Meaux, France, Thévenin entered the École polytechnique in Paris in 1876. Upon graduation, in 1878, he joined the Corps of telegraph Engineers (which subsequently became the French PTT). There, he initially worked on the development of long distance underground telegraph lines.

Appointed as a teaching inspector at the École supérieure de télégraphie in 1882, he became increasingly interested in the problems of measurement in electrical circuits. As a result of studying Kirchhoff’s circuit laws and Ohm’s law, he developed his famous theorem, Thévenin’s theorem,[1] which made it possible to calculate currents in more complex electrical circuits and allowing people to reduce complex circuits into simpler circuits called Thévenin’s equivalent circuits.

Also, after becoming head of the Bureau des Lignes, he found time for teaching other subjects outside the École Supérieure, including a course in mechanics at the Institut National Agronomique, Paris. In 1896, he was appointed Director of the Telegraph Engineering School, and then in 1901, Engineer in chief of the telegraph workshops.

He was a talented violinist. Another favorite pastime of his was angling. He remained single but shared his home with a widowed cousin of his mother and her two children whom he later adopted. Thévenin consulted several scholars well known at that time, and controversy arose as to whether his law was consistent with the facts or not. He died in Paris.[2][3][4] Shortly before his death he was visited by a friend, J. B. Pomey, and was surprised to hear that his theorem had been accepted all over the world. In 1926, he was taken to Paris for treatment. He left a formal request that no one should accompany him to the cemetery except his family and that nothing be placed on his coffin but a rose from his garden. This is how he was buried at Meaux. Thévenin is remembered as a model engineer and employee, hard-working, of scrupulous morality, strict in his principles but kind at heart.[5]







The 2017 Blogging from A to Z April Challenge!


By Kristina Sarhadi: Take the Leap: Reinvent Yourself and Be Who You Want to Be
I liked her comment on social work:
Like most who plunge full-hearted into social services, my passion had formed as a direct response to a lifelong series of personal sh*t-storms, and my mission was to learn how to use my experiences to help others.

And here I was, doing it, making the difference. By twenty-five I had built an unmistakable identity. Ambitious and tough, I was proud that my accomplishments in addition to my exterior image (despite my 5’2”/100 lb. stature) spoke of tenacity, unexpected power, and passion.



by Tiina Törmänen: Adobe Stock Contributor Highlight: Dreamlike Views of Finland Captured



By Sandra Knisely: The 1920s Women Who Fought For the Right to Travel Under Their Own Names
Being listed as “and wife” in a joint passport was just not going to fly.



Baked Mac and Cheese

907 Updates March 30, 2017






Kemppel says the foundation’s goal is to give out $10 million over the next 10 years. For more information, visit the foundation’s website at