1917 – The first Council of People’s Commissars is formed, including Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin.
The Council of People’s Commissars (Russian: Совет народных комиссаров or Совнарком, translit. Soviet narodnykh kommissarov or Sovnarkom, also as generic SNK) was a government institution formed shortly after the October Revolution in 1917. Created in the Russian Republic, the council laid foundations in restructuring the country to form the Soviet Union. It evolved to become the highest government authority of executive power in the government of the Soviet Union. The chairman of this council was thus the head of government (whereas the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was head of state).
The 1918 Constitution of the RSFSR formalised the role of the Sovnarkom of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR): it was to be responsible to the Congress of Soviets for the “general administration of the affairs of the state”. The constitution enabled the Sovnarkom to issue decrees carrying the full force of law when the Congress was not in session. The Congress then routinely approved these decrees at its next session.
When the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established in December 1922, the USSR Sovnarkom was modelled on the RSFSR Sovnarkom. It was transformed in 1946 into the Council of Ministers.
1878 – Dorothea Bate, English palaeontologist and archaeozoologist (d. 1951)
Dorothea Minola Alice Bate FGS (8 November 1878 – 13 January 1951), also known as Dorothy Bate, was a British palaeontologist, a pioneer of archaeozoology. Her life’s work was to find fossils of recently extinct mammals with a view to understanding how and why giant and dwarf forms evolved.
via Lifehacker: “Library Extension” Helps You Find Books At Your Local Library While You Shop for Books Online
Maria Popova Brain Pickings: An Illustrated Celebration of Trailblazing Women in Science
By Beyond Words Team: Day it Forward – November 2017
Every month, readers are encouraged to submit the charity of his/her choice by emailing us. (You can also easily submit a charity on one of our social media posts!)
Your submissions will be reviewed by bestselling author Sylvia Day and she will select one or more to personally contribute to for the month. The selected charity will be featured in the next month’s Day it Forward to bring more awareness to its cause and allow for readers of Beyond Words to learn about and possibly donate to help its cause, too.
By Yolanda R. Arrington: The SITREP: Puerto Rico Power Update, West Point Classmates Forever Linked & More
DOD: 3-D Printing Technology Helps Wounded Warriors
By Rina Raphael: What Kobe Bryant Learned From His New Mentor, Film Composer John Williams
By Molly Fosco: ‘American Sniper’ Screenwriter Goes Back to War in His Directorial Debut
By Baraka Kaseko and Marah Eakin: Hanson closes out its session with the anthemic new single “I Was Born”
By Peter Monshizadeh: Here’s Why You Never Want To See Your Old Vehicle Again
I didn’t think I’d ever see it again. But before you decide to sell a vehicle of yours, ask and be honest with yourself: Can you stand seeing it become the faintest shadow of its former being?
By Ashawnta Jackson: The Revolution Was Televised, Thanks to This 25-Pound Video Rig
Portable video freed not just the means of production, but the means of broadcasting. “All of a sudden, you could make TV by yourself, says Zafian. “It was YouTube without the internet.”
By Darmon Ritcher: The Misunderstood History of the Balkans’ Surreal War Memorials
Darmon Richter is a British travel writer and Ph.D. researcher, with a particular interest in the ideological architecture of Eastern Europe. He writes The Bohemian Blog, and will lead Atlas Obscura’s Past Future Monuments of the Balkans trip this spring.
By Chad Grills: It’s Okay to Fail 51 Times, Here’s Why
If I were dropped out of a plane into the ocean and told the nearest land was a thousand miles away, I’d still swim. And I’d despise the one who gave up.
Let Abraham Maslow’s quote be your guide. Keep swimming, keep improving, and:
“Be realistic. Expect a miracle.”
By Anne Miller: The Science Behind Baking the Most Delicious Cookie Ever
By Josh Jones: Jimmy Page Unplugged: Led Zeppelin’s Guitarist Reveals His Acoustic Talents in Four Videos (1970-2008)