Frederick Douglass Successfully Escapes
On September 3, 1838, Douglass successfully escaped by boarding a Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad train (the line was newly merged) to the great Northern cities. He jumped aboard the train a short distance east of the previous temporary P.W.& B. train depot in the just-developed industrial, commercial and residential neighborhood, between the modern neighborhoods of Harbor East and Little Italy, at President and Fleet Streets, east of “The Basin” of the Baltimore harbor on the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River. (This depot was replaced by the historic President Street Station, constructed 1849-1850; it was noted as a site of other slave escapes along one of many routes of the famous “Underground Railroad” and during the Civil War.)
Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, c. February 1818 – February 20, 1895)
The Battle of Ash Hollow, also known as the Battle of Blue Water Creek or the Harney Massacre, was an engagement of the First Sioux War, fought on September 2 and 3, 1855 between United States Army soldiers under Brigadier General William S. Harney and a band of the Brulé Lakota along the Platte River in present-day Garden County, Nebraska. The town of Lewellen, Nebraska was developed here in the 20th century as a railroad stop.
The battle, which the American force won while killing Brulé women and children as well as warriors, was a punitive expedition for the so-called “Grattan Massacre” in August 1854 and for raids by Lakota in its wake.
1855 – American Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under United States General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan massacre by attacking a Sioux village and killing 100 men, women and children.
Birth of the founder of the Porsche Car Company and Nazi Party Member
Ferdinand Porsche was an automotive engineer and founder of the Porsche car company. He is best known for creating the first gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle (Lohner-Porsche), the Volkswagen Beetle, the Mercedes-Benz SS/SSK, several other important developments and Porsche automobiles. In addition, Porsche designed the 1923 Benz Tropfenwagen, which was the first racing car with a mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout.
Porsche was an important contributor to the German war effort during World War II. He was involved in the production of advanced tanks such as the VK 4501 (P), Tiger I, Tiger II, Elefant, and Panzer VIII Maus, as well as other weapon systems, including the V-1 flying bomb. Porsche was a member of the German Nazi party and allegedly the SS (see below). He was a recipient of the German National Prize for Art and Science, the SS-Ehrenring and the War Merit Cross. He was called the Great German Engineer by Nazi propaganda.
Ferdinand Porsche (3 September 1875 – 30 January 1951)
Birth of American U.S. Army Ranger and Photographer Philip “Snapdragon” Stern
Philip “Snapdragon” Stern was an American photographer noted for his iconic portraits of Hollywood stars, as well as his war photography while serving as a U.S. Army Ranger in the “Darby’s Rangers” unit in the North African and Italian campaigns during World War II. Settling in Los Angeles after the war, Stern was staff photographer for LOOK magazine. He was present on numerous film productions as still photographer, and in that capacity took photographs of a huge cross-section of the film community. Stern’s images of Marilyn Monroe and James Dean have become widely recognized icons.Stern, a lifelong smoker died at the age of 95 in Los Angeles from COPD and congestive heart failure which he had been battling for over three and a half decades.
Philip “Snapdragon” Stern (September 3, 1919 – December 13, 2014)