Category: FYI

FYI

FYI March 03, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1873 – Censorship in the United States: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any “obscene, lewd, or lascivious” books through the mail.
The Comstock Laws were a set of federal acts passed by the United States Congress under the Grant administration along with related state laws.[1] The “parent” act (Sect. 211) was passed on March 3, 1873, as the Act for the “Suppression of Trade in, and Circulation of, Obscene Literature and Articles of Immoral Use”. This Act criminalized usage of the U.S. Postal Service to send any of the following items:[2]

obscenity
contraceptives
abortifacients
sex toys
personal letters with any sexual content or information
or any information regarding the above items.

A similar federal act (Sect. 245) of 1909 [3] applied to delivery by interstate “express” or any other common carrier (such as railroad, instead of delivery by the U.S. Postal Service).

In Washington, D.C., where the federal government had direct jurisdiction, another Comstock act (Sect. 312) also made it illegal (punishable by up to 5 years at hard labor), to sell, lend, or give away any “obscene” publication, or article used for contraception or abortion.[4] Section 305 of the Tariff Act of 1922 forbade the importation of any contraceptive information or means.[5]

In addition to these federal laws, about half of the states enacted laws related to the federal Comstock laws. These state laws are considered by Dennett [1] to also be “Comstock laws”.

The laws were named after their chief proponent, Anthony Comstock. Comstock received a commission from the Postmaster General to serve as a special agent for the U.S. Postal Service.[4]

Numerous failed attempts were made to repeal or modify these laws and eventually, many of them (or portions of them) were declared unconstitutional. In 1919 in a law journal, a judge, after reviewing the various laws (especially state laws) called the set of them “haphazard and capricious” and lacking “any clear, broad, well-defined principle or purpose”.[6]

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Born On This Day

 
 
1678 – Madeleine de Verchères, Canadian rebel leader (d. 1747)
Marie-Madeleine Jarret, known as Madeleine de Verchères ((French pronunciation: ​[madəlɛn də vɛʁʃɛʁ]); 3 March 1678 – 8 August 1747) was a woman of New France (modern Quebec) credited with repelling a raid on Fort Verchères when she was 14 years old.

Early life
François Jarret, of Saint-Chef in the department of Isère in France, joined the company of his uncle Antoine Pécaudy de Contrecœur to battle the Iroquois in New France (see Beaver Wars). They arrived there in August 1665, and on 17 September 1669 Jarret married the twelve-year-old Marie Perrot in Île d’Orléans. He was awarded a land grant on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River on 29 October 1672 in a seigneury called Verchères, and thereafter continued to increase his land holdings. The couple was to have twelve children, the fourth of whom was Madeleine de vercheres, born in Verchères on 3 March 1678 and baptised that 17 April.[2]

The seigneury underwent periodic Iroquois raids. In 1690 the matron of Verchères took command of a successful defense against an Iroquois assault on the stockade there. By 1692 the Iroquois had killed the Jarrets’ son François-Michel and two successive husbands of their daughter Marie-Jeanne.[2] Before she performed this courageous act, she usually worked in the family field during her spare time.

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FYI

 
 
The Rural Blog By Al Cross: ‘Tis Sweet to be Remembered’: Mac Wiseman, who did just about all of it in music and the music business, gone at 93

 
 
 
 
Vector’s World: California dreamin’; Secured; Citroen Centipede and more ->
 
 
 
 
Library Journal Gary Price: Research Tool: American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) State Immunization Information System; Canada: Manitoba Digitizing Centuries-Old Trading Post Records; Associated Press (AP) Roundup of Some “Popular But Completely Untrue Stories and Visuals” From the Past Week and more ->
 
 
 
 
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Hannah Arendt on love and how to live with the fundamental fear of loss, Hermann Hesse on solitude, courage, and how to find your destiny, and more
 
 
 
 
The butterfly effect: How Rin Tin Tin rescued an innocent man from jail in 2018
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Best of Hometalk: 20 DIY Garden Ideas to Redefine Your Outdoor Space on a Budget
 
 
By Ham-made: Dryer Lint Fire Starter Twigs
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By XxSaveryxX: Mini Hamburger Cookies

By FOODS by Lyds: In-N-Out Double Double Cheeseburger Copycat


 
 

 
 

FYI March 02, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1791 – Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
A semaphore telegraph is a system of conveying information by means of visual signals, using towers with pivoting shutters, also known as blades or paddles. Information is encoded by the position of the mechanical elements; it is read when the shutter is in a fixed position. The most widely used system was invented in 1792 in France by Claude Chappe, and was popular in the late eighteenth to early nineteenth centuries.[1][2][3] Lines of relay towers with a semaphore rig at the top were built within line-of-sight of each other, at separations of 5 to 20 miles. Operators at each tower would watch the neighboring tower through a spyglass, and when the semaphore arms began to move spelling out a message, they would pass the message on to the next tower. This system was much faster than post riders for conveying a message over long distances, and also had cheaper long-term operating costs, once constructed. Semaphore lines were a precursor of the electrical telegraph, which would replace them half a century later, and would also be cheaper, faster, and more private. The line-of-sight distance between relay stations was limited by geography and weather, and prevented the optical telegraph from crossing wide expanses of water, unless a convenient island could be used for a relay station. Modern derivatives of the semaphore system include flag semaphore (a flag relay system) and the heliograph (optical telegraphy using mirror-directed sunlight reflections).

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Born On This Day

 
 
1901 – Grete Hermann, German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1984)
Grete (Henry-)Hermann (March 2, 1901 – April 15, 1984) was a German mathematician and philosopher noted for her work in mathematics, physics, philosophy and education. She is noted for her early philosophical work on the foundations of quantum mechanics, and is now known most of all for an early, but long-ignored critique of a no-hidden-variable theorem by John von Neumann. It has been suggested that, had her critique not remained nearly unknown for decades, the historical development of quantum mechanics might have been very different.

Mathematics
Hermann studied mathematics at Göttingen under Emmy Noether, where she achieved her Ph.D. in 1926. Her doctoral thesis, “Die Frage der endlich vielen Schritte in der Theorie der Polynomideale” (in English “The Question of Finitely Many Steps in Polynomial Ideal Theory”), published in Mathematische Annalen, is the foundational paper for computer algebra. It first established the existence of algorithms (including complexity bounds) for many of the basic problems of abstract algebra, such as ideal membership for polynomial rings. Hermann’s algorithm for primary decomposition is still in contemporary use.[1]

Assistant to Leonard Nelson
From 1925 to 1927, Hermann worked as assistant for Leonard Nelson.[2][3] Together with Minna Specht, she posthumously published Nelson’s work System der philosophischen Ethik und Pädagogik,[4] while continuing her own research.

Quantum mechanics
As a philosopher, Hermann had a particular interest in the foundations of physics. In 1934, she went to Leipzig “for the express purpose of reconciling a neo-Kantian conception of causality with the new quantum mechanics”.[5] In Leipzig, many exchanges of thoughts took place among Hermann, Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, and Werner Heisenberg.[5] The contents of her work in this time, including a focus on a distinction of predictability and causality, are known from three of her own publications,[6] and from later description of their discussions by von Weizsäcker,[7] and the discussion of Hermann’s work in chapter ten of Heisenberg’s The Part and The Whole. From Denmark, she published her work The foundations of quantum mechanics in the philosophy of nature (German original title: Die naturphilosophischen Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik). This work has been referred to as “one of the earliest and best philosophical treatments of the new quantum mechanics”.[8] In this work, she concludes:

The theory of quantum mechanics forces us […] to drop the assumption of the absolute character of knowledge about nature, and to deal with the principle of causality independently of this assumption. Quantum mechanics has therefore not contradicted the law of causality at all, but has clarified it and has removed from it other principles which are not necessarily connected to it.
— Grete Hermann, The foundations of quantum mechanics in the philosophy of nature[9]

In 1935, Hermann published a critique of John von Neumann’s 1932 proof which was widely claimed to show that a hidden variable theory of quantum mechanics was impossible. Hermann’s work on this subject went unnoticed by the physics community until it was independently discovered and published by John Stewart Bell in 1966, and her earlier discovery was pointed out by Max Jammer in 1974. Some have posited that had her critique not remained nearly unknown for decades, the historical development of quantum mechanics may have been greatly affected; in particular, it has been speculated that a wider awareness of her work would have put in question the unequivocal acceptance of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics, by providing a credible basis for the further development of nonlocal hidden variable theories.[6] In 2010, Jeffrey Bub published an argument that Bell (and, thus, also Hermann) had misconstrued von Neumann’s proof, claiming that it does not attempt to prove the absolute impossibility of hidden variables, and that it is actually not flawed, after all.[10] The validity of Bub’s argument is, in turn, disputed.[11]

In June 1936, Hermann was awarded the Richard Avenarius prize together with Eduard May and Th. Vogel.[12][13]

Political activism
As Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, Hermann participated in the underground movement against the Nazis. She was member of the Internationaler Sozialistischer Kampfbund (ISK).[14]

Emigration and later years
By 1936, Hermann left Germany for Denmark and later France and England.[14] In London, in order to avoid standing out on account of her German provenance, she married a man called Edward Henry early in 1938.[15] Her prescience was justified by events: two years later the British government invoked its hitherto obscure Regulation 18B of the Defence (General) Regulations 1939, identifying several thousand refugees who had fled Germany for reasons of politics or race as enemy aliens and placing them in internment camps.[16]

After the war ended in 1945 she was able to combine her interests in physics and mathematics with political philosophy. She rejoined the Social Democratic Party (SPD) on returning in 1946 to what would become, in 1949, the German Federal Republic (West Germany).[17] Starting in 1947 she was one of those contributing behind the scenes to the Bad Godesberg Programme, prepared under the leadership of her longstanding ISK comrade Willi Eichler, and issued in 1959, which provided a detailed modernising platform that carried the party into government in the 1960s.[17]

She was nominated professor for philosophy and physics at the Pädagogische Hochschule in Bremen and played a relevant role in the Gewerkschaft Erziehung und Wissenschaft. From 1961 to 1978, she presided over the Philosophisch-Politische Akademie, an organisation founded by Nelson in 1922, oriented towards education, social justice, responsible political action and its philosophical basis.[14][18]

Works
Articles
Grete Hermann: Die naturphilosophischen Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik, Naturwissenschaften, Volume 23, Number 42, 718-721, doi:10.1007/BF01491142 (preview in German language)
Grete Hermann: Die Frage der endlich vielen Schritte in der Theorie der Polynomideale. Unter Benutzung nachgelassener Sätze von K. Hentzelt, Mathematische Annalen, Volume 95, Number 1, 736-788, doi:10.1007/BF01206635 (abstract in German language) — The question of finitely many steps in polynomial ideal theory (review and English-language translation)

 
 

FYI

 
 
Salute!

 
 
Alternate universe?~~
By Emily Price: Quickly Determine What Country and Time Zone Your Coworkers Are in This Week Using This Tool
 
 
 
 
By Emily Alford: Baylor University Tour Guides Removed Student Newspapers Reporting Sexual Assault
According to the Lariat, the University of Oklahoma recently experienced a similar incident, wherein 450 newspapers with a headline about campus sexual assault were stolen. Yep, colleges sure will do anything it takes to stop talk about sexual assault except take action to prevent and punish sexual assault.
 
 
 
 
By Bradley Brownell: Thieves Take Several Bikes From Keith Richards’ Collection
The bikes, including a white 1981 KTM 495, a red 1981 Maico 490, a red 1977 Maico 400, a 2011 Husaberg 390, a 2013 Beta 300 Evo, and a GasGas 300 Enduro, are not exactly run-of-the-mill. It doesn’t seem wise to steal multiple rare bikes from a very wealthy and well known music icon, but hey, I guess I’m not a bike thief.

I have a hard time picturing the 75-year-old guitarist actually riding any of these wild off-road machines, but who am I to judge. He survived all of that other shit, what’s to say he isn’t invincible?
 
 
 
 

By Andrew Liszewski: Recycling a GoPro Box Into a Working Aquarium Is the Best Reason to Upgrade
 
 
 
 
Gizmodo Science: Time Now for Some Gnarly Photos of Spiders Eating Other Animals; SpaceX and NASA Launch Test Flight of Crew Dragon Capsule to ISS and more->
 
 
 
 
The Passive Voice: Taking Inspiration from the Night Witches; Self-Plagiarism: When Is Re-Purposing Text Ethically Justifiable? And more ->
 
 
 
 
The Old Motor: Four Fun Friday Kodachrome Car Photographs No. 195; Mount Washington Auto Road and Racing Images 1899 to 1955 and more ->
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 16 Gorgeous Ways To Transform Your Blah Lamp
 
 
Stacy Davis Tutorial Team Fredericksburg, VA: Stencilmania/Making a Stenciled Leaning Organizer & Stenciling Fabric
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
Coleen’s Recipes: CROCKPOT SHORT RIB TACOS
 
 
My Recipe Treasures: Super Easy Slow Cooker Chili Verde; Amazing Gluten Free Brownies and more ->


 
 

 
 

FYI March 01, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1457 – The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
The Moravian Church, formally named the Unitas Fratrum (Latin for “Unity of the Brethren”),[3][4][5] in German known as [Herrnhuter] Brüdergemeine[6] (meaning “Brethren’s Congregation from Herrnhut”, the place of the Church’s renewal in the 18th century), is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world, with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the 15th century and the Unity of the Brethren (Czech: Jednota bratrská) established in the Kingdom of Bohemia.

The name by which the denomination is commonly known comes from the original exiles who fled to Saxony in 1722 from Moravia to escape religious persecution, but its heritage began in 1457 in Bohemia and its crown lands (Moravia and Silesia), then forming an autonomous kingdom within the Holy Roman Empire. The modern Unitas Fratrum, with about one million members worldwide,[1] continues to draw on traditions established during the 18th century. The Moravians continue their tradition of missionary work, such as in the Caribbean, as is reflected in their broad global distribution. They place high value on ecumenism, personal piety, missions and music.

The Moravian Church’s emblem is the Lamb of God (Agnus Dei) with the flag of victory, surrounded by the Latin inscription: Vicit agnus noster, eum sequamur (English: “Our Lamb has conquered, let us follow Him”).

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Born On This Day

 
 
1918 – Gladys Spellman, American educator and politician (d. 1988)
Gladys Noon Spellman (March 1, 1918 – June 19, 1988) was a U.S. Congresswoman who represented the 5th congressional district of Maryland from January 3, 1975, to February 24, 1981. She was a member of the Democratic Party.

Early life
Spellman was born Gladys Blossom Noon in New York City and attended Eastern and Roosevelt high schools in Washington, D.C. She graduated from George Washington University, Washington, D.C., and graduate school with the United States Department of Agriculture. Spellman became a teacher, and taught in Prince George’s County, Maryland, schools. A consummate politician, Spellman was part of the wave of young, new suburban dwellers who moved to Prince George’s County from Washington and elsewhere in the years after World War II, and that group remained her constituency throughout her political career.

Teacher
Spellman’s years as a teacher and president of the PTA for Happy Acres Elementary School (renamed in 1991 the Gladys Noon Spellman Elementary School), as well as civic association activism as a young mother and housewife in Cheverly during the 1950s led to leadership positions in the reform movement that seized control of the county’s government during the 1960s, ousting the old guard Democratic organization that had managed affairs in Prince George’s for decades. Spellman was active in the fight for a home rule charter form of government for Prince George’s, and in 1962, running on a reform slate, served as a member of the Prince George’s County Board of Commissioners from 1962 to 1970. She served two years as chairman, effectively the head of the county’s government. After the establishment of the County Council, Spellman served as councilwoman at large from 1971 to 1974. She was appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson to the Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations in 1967 and was awarded the highest honor that could be bestowed by county officials nationwide when she became the first woman elected president of the National Association of Counties in 1972.

Congress
Spellman easily won the Democratic primary nomination in September 1974 for Maryland’s fifth congressional seat, and went on to defeat the Republican, John B. Burcham, Jr., in the general election. While in Congress, she served on the Committee on Banking, Currency and Housing, the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee, and the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service (including serving as chairperson of the Subcommittee on Compensation and Employee Benefits). Almost 40 percent of the work force in her district was employed by the federal government – the highest percentage of any congressional district in the nation.

In 1977, Spellman favored legislation to establish a bank to make loans to cooperatives owned by consumers as well as legislation to extend the federal revenue-sharing program. She also voted for the 1975 proposal authorizing $7 billion to loan guarantees for the financially troubled New York City.[1] Spellman also resisted placing restrictions on hiring or promotion of federal employees and opposed Jimmy Carter’s plan to reform the civil service system in 1978.[1]

Honors, coma and death
In 1979, the Supersisters trading card set was produced and distributed; one of the cards featured Spellman’s name and picture.[2]

On October 31, 1980, Spellman was judging a Halloween costume contest at the Laurel Mall when she collapsed after suffering an incapacitating heart attack.[3] She was re-elected to Congress with 80% of the vote against a little-known Republican opponent on November 4, 1980, but it soon became clear that she would be comatose for the remaining years of her life.

In the first weeks of the 97th Congress, the House passed a resolution providing for Spellman’s pay as if she had been seated, and for her Congressional office to be supported as if a member of Congress had died or resigned;[4] and afterwards passed an act declaring the 5th District seat vacant, and providing that Spellman’s pay and administrative support would be terminated on the election of someone to her seat.[5] It is the only time that medical reasons have resulted in the House of Representatives declaring a seat vacant.[6] Thirty-two candidates from both parties entered the race, including her husband, Reuben. He was defeated for the Democratic nomination by Steny Hoyer, who won the special election on May 19 against the Republican nominee, Bowie mayor Audrey Scott. Hoyer has continued to be re-elected since then, and eventually became House Majority Leader.

In 1985, Spellman was an inductee to the Maryland Women’s Hall of Fame, part of its inaugural class. The Baltimore–Washington Parkway, a scenic north-south highway in Maryland, is dedicated to Spellman, as is Gladys Noon Spellman Elementary School, located in Cheverly, Maryland.

Spellman died on June 19, 1988, in a nursing home in suburban Maryland. She never regained consciousness after the 1980 heart attack and subsequent coma.[7]

 
 

FYI

 
 

By Mike Barnes: Katherine Helmond, the Man-Crazy Mother on ‘Who’s the Boss?’ Dies at 89

Katherine Marie Helmond (July 5, 1929 – February 23, 2019) was an American film, theater and television actress and director. Over her five decades of television acting, she is known for her starring role as ditzy matriarch Jessica Tate on the ABC prime time soap opera sitcom Soap (1977–1981) and her co-starring role as feisty mother Mona Robinson on Who’s the Boss? (1984–1992). She also played Doris Sherman on Coach and Lois Whelan, the mother of Debra Barone on Everybody Loves Raymond. She has also appeared as a guest on several talk and variety shows.

Helmond had supporting roles in films such as Alfred Hitchcock’s Family Plot (1976) and Terry Gilliam’s Brazil (1985). She also voiced Lizzie in the three Cars films by Disney/Pixar.[1][2][3][better source needed]

Read more ->
 
 
 
 

By Alanis King: Alex Mills, Who Helped Top Gear Become an International Icon Through the Internet, Dies at Age 34
 
 
 
 
Presidential Proclamation on Women’s History Month, 2019
 
 
 
 
By Rhett Jones: Four Hospitalized After ‘Sweet, Burning’ Odor Fills Alaska Airlines Flight
 
 
 
 
By Rhett Jones: I Wasn’t Prepared for the Crushing Melancholy of Watching This Bull Pop His Toy Ball
 
 
 
 
By Brian Kahn: For 30 Days, I’m Going to Eat Like I’m Trying to Save the Earth

By Brian Kahn: How My Month-Long Diet to Save the Planet Collapsed Under a Mountain of Donuts and Pizza
 
 
 
 
AV Music: What’s a song you love but found from an unexpected source?
 
 
 
 
By Gwen Ihnat: Lessons I’ve learned from a decade of neighborhood chili cook-offs
 
 
 
 
Gizmodo Science: Check Out This Incredible X-Ray ‘Superbubble’ That’s Nearly 5,000 Light-Years Wide; Critical Test Flight of SpaceX Crew Capsule Scheduled for Saturday; 2,000-Year-Old Tattoo Tool Found in a Washington Storage Closet and more->
 
 
 
 
By Kelly Moffitt Emma Bowman: After Combat, A Veteran Finds Solace In Sheep Farming
 
 
 
 
By Michael Blackmon: Oprah Wants To Know Who Allegedly Helped Michael Jackson Sexually Abuse Children
 
 
 
 
By Mike Snider and Alexander Coolidge, USA TODAY NETWORK: Kroger expands ban on Visa credit cards to Smith’s Food & Drug stores in 7 states
 
 
 
 
By Christine Schmidt: Here’s the state of African-American media today — and steps it can take going forward
 
 
 
 
The Rural Blog: Man who died in 2014 left a home filled with Native artifacts and bones, likely grave-robbed; rightful owners still sought; More women using opioids, meth and heroin means more babies are born with congenital syphilis in the U.S.; Latest way to use Asian carp, to expand the market for it and get more anglers after it: Use it to make concrete; Appalachian writers fire back at ‘Hillbilly Elegy’ in anthology and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Courtney Biggs: This professor suffers from a mystery disease, so she developed an app to track its effects
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: Jim Morrison Declares That “Fat is Beautiful” …. And Means It; 40,000-Year-Old Symbols Found in Caves Worldwide May Be the Earliest Written Language; The Elaborate Pictogram Ernest Hemingway Received in the Hospital During WWI: Can You Decode Its Meaning? And more ->
 
 
 
 
Car Hunter: DO YOU HAVE CABIN FEVER?, THE SHARK KUSTOM, STUDEBAKER PHONE BOOTH,
 
 
 
 
Steller Watch: March 1st: ~38
And we’re back with a Sea Lion of the Month for march! Our first for 2019. We’ve missed sharing more about these unique individuals and are happy to be back and sharing their stories with you all. Our featured sea lion is ~38 and he was nominated by a new member of our team!
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Lynnette Soltwedel Tutorial Team Spartanburg, SC: Dry Brush Painting Technique
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
Julia O’Malley How Alaska Eats: Just pudding it out there


 
 

 
 

FYI February 28, 2019

On This Day

 
 
202 BC – Liu Bang is enthroned as the Emperor of China, beginning four centuries of rule by the Han dynasty.
Emperor Gaozu of Han (Chinese: 漢高祖; 256 BCE – 1 June 195 BCE), born Liu Bang (劉邦), was the founder and first emperor of the Han dynasty, reigning from 202 – 195 BCE. He was one of the few dynasty founders in Chinese history who was born in a peasant family.[6]

Before coming to power, Liu Bang initially served as a minor patrol officer for the Qin dynasty in his home town Pei County, within the conquered state of Chu. With the First Emperor’s death and the Qin Empire’s subsequent political chaos, Liu Bang renounced his government position and became an anti-Qin rebel leader. He won the race against fellow rebel leader Xiang Yu to invade the Qin heartland and forced the surrender of the last Qin ruler in 206 BCE.

After the fall of the Qin, Xiang Yu, as the de facto chief of the rebel forces, divided the former Qin Empire into the Eighteen Kingdoms, and Liu Bang was forced to accept the poor and remote Bashu region (parts of present-day Sichuan and Chongqing) with the title “King of Han” (Chinese: 漢王; pinyin: Hàn Wáng). Within the year, Liu Bang broke out with his army and conquered the Three Qins, starting a civil war known as the Chu–Han Contention as various forces battled for supremacy over China.

In 202 BCE, Liu Bang emerged victorious following the Battle of Gaixia, unified most of China under his control, and established the Han dynasty with himself as the founding emperor. During his reign, Liu Bang reduced taxes and corvée, promoted Confucianism, and suppressed revolts by the lords of non-Liu vassal states, among many other actions. He also initiated the policy of heqin to maintain a de jure peace between the Han Empire and the Xiongnu after losing the Battle of Baideng in 200 BCE. He died in 195 BCE and was succeeded by his son, Liu Ying.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1900 – Wolf Hirth, German pilot and engineer, co-founded Schempp-Hirth (d. 1959)
Wolfram Kurt Erhard Hirth (28 February 1900 – 25 July 1959) was a German gliding pioneer and sailplane designer. He was a co-founder of Schempp-Hirth, still a renowned glider manufacturer.[1]

Hirth was born in Stuttgart, the son of an engineer and tool-maker. He was the younger brother of Hellmuth, who founded the famous Hirth aircraft engine manufacturing company.

Early years

As a young man, Hirth took up gliding and was soon drawn to the Wasserkuppe, then the focus of the German gliding movement, earning his pilot’s licence in 1920. In 1924, Hirth lost a leg after a motorcycle accident. From then on, he would fly while wearing a wooden prosthesis.[2] He had the fibula from his amputated leg fashioned into a cigarette holder[3]

In 1928, he graduated from the Technical University of Stuttgart with a diploma in engineering and began to focus on aircraft construction.[1][2] Over the next decade, he would also tour the world, promoting gliding throughout Europe, the United States, Japan, South America, and South Africa.[2] On 10 March 1931 he gave a demonstration of glider aerobatics over New York City.[1] On one of these publicity trips, he suffered major injuries in a crash in Hungary, requiring a hospital stay of four months. He and Robert Kronfeld were the first pilots to gain the Silver C badge.[1] He was the chief flying instructor at the Grünau Gliding School in the Riesengebirge mountains, then in Germany.[1] In 1933, he became the Head of the new Gliding School in Hornberg.[4]:55

Later in the year, he became the first to correctly identify the phenomenon of wave lift, the highest form of lift source available to soaring pilots.[5]

In Jan. 1934, he joined Professor Georgii’s South America expedition, along with Peter Riedel, Hanna Reitsch, and Heini Dittmar, to study thermal conditions, with his sailplane “Moatzagotl”.[4]:65 While in Argentina, Wolf set a record of seventy-six successive loops.[4]:74

Wolf Hirth also took part in International Championships of Touring Aircraft Challenge 1929, Challenge 1932 (6th place) and Challenge 1934 (13th place). After some time in the USA he returned to Germany in 1934 because of US economic depression.[2]

Glider company
With the assistance of Wolf Hirth, Martin Schempp founded his own company in Göppingen in 1935: “Sportflugzeugbau Göppingen Martin Schempp”. In 1938, Wolf Hirth, mainly responsible for the design work, officially became a partner in the company, which then took on the new name “Sportflugzeugbau Schempp-Hirth”.[2] The company relocated to Kirchheim-Teck the same year.[1] The company first manufactured a small training glider, the Göppingen Gö 1, intended to rival the Grunau Baby. The company’s first real success, however, was the Gö 3 Minimoa, a distinctive aircraft with an elegant gull wing design that was used to break several world records and win championships around the world.

Hirth continued to direct the firm throughout World War II. In 1940 the company began manufacturing assembly parts for Messerschmitt Me 323 and Me 109 and other aircraft.[2] From 1945 the company made furniture and other wooden components for industry until glider production could begin again in 1951. He was elected President of the German Aero-Club in 1956.[1]

Death
He had a heart attack while flying his Vogt Lo-100 aerobatic glider in 1959 and died in the subsequent crash. Handbuch des Segelfliegens was published posthumously in 1963.[6]

Honours
In many municipalities of Baden-Württemberg roads were named after Wolf Hirth. In Bartholomä, Bettringen, Böblingen, Ditzingen, Leinzell, Leonberg, Kirchheim/Teck and Schramberg there is a Wolf-Hirth-Straße, outside of Baden-Württembergs in Gersfeld (Rhön). In Kiel-Holtenau is a Hirthstraße.[7]

Literature
Jörg Baldenhofer (Hrsg.): Schwäbische Tüftler und Erfinder. DRW-Verlag, Stuttgart 1986, ISBN 3-87181-232-3.
Gert Behrsing (1972), “Hirth, Wolf”, Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 9, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 237–238; (full text online)
Stefan Blumenthal: Grüße aus der Luft. 100 Jahre Luftfahrt auf alten Postkarten. Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 1991, ISBN 3-613-01336-3.
Stefan Blumenthal: Albert Hirth und seine Söhne Hellmuth und Wolf: eine schwäbische Erfinderfamilie. In: Jörg Baldenhofer (Hrsg.): Schwäbische Tüftler und Erfinder. DRW-Verlag, Stuttgart 1986, ISBN 3-87181-232-3, S. 112-121.
Lisa Heiss: Erfinder, Rennfahrer, Flieger. Hirth. Vater. Hellmuth Wolf. Verlag Reinhold A. Müller, Stuttgart 1949.

See also
Hanna Reitsch

 
 

FYI

 
 

By Susan Stamberg: André Previn, Musical Polymath, Has Died At Age 89

André George Previn, KBE (/ˈprɛvɪn/; born Andreas Ludwig Priwin; April 6, 1929 – February 28, 2019)[1][2] was a German-American pianist, conductor, and composer. Previn won four Academy Awards for his film work and ten Grammy Awards for his recordings (and one more for his Lifetime Achievement).

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Open Culture: Hear Underground 12, the Earliest Known Case of Musicians Recording While Under the Influence of LSD (1966); Behold The Drawings of Franz Kafka (1907-1917); The British Library Digitizes Its Collection of Obscene Books (1658-1940)
 
 
 
 
By Nicole Darrah: Tennessee man accused of dipping testicles in customer’s salsa
 
 
 
 
WRAL: Company leaders are faulted in outbreak that killed 11 kids
The Record reports the pediatric medical director of the Wanaque Center for Nursing and Rehabilitation didn’t know how many children were infected with adenovirus or what his job entailed at the time of the outbreak last fall.
 
 
 
 
By CBS News: Woman taken into ICE custody after confronting man wearing MAGA hat
 
 
 
 
By Eleanor Beardsley: To Counter Anti-Semitism, French Women Find Strength In Diversity At Auschwitz
 
 
 
 
By Ashley May: Breathtaking photo of Jupiter clouds looks like a work of art: ‘Van Gogh is that you?’
 
 
 
 

How We Mapped More Than 100 Years Of Wildfire History Emily Zentner & Chris Hagan on using a fire geodatabase, MapBox, and a whole lot of Google searching.
 
 
 
 
By Katherine Ross & Jim Cramer: Jim Cramer’s Reaction to Canopy Growth’s Partnership with Martha Stewart Canopy Growth’s teaming up with Martha Stewart. Here’s why that matters for the cannabis space.
 
 
 
 
The Rural Blog: As young leave Appalachia, who’s left to care for elderly? Perdue says EPA won’t have higher-ethanol fuel rules ready for summer driving season; EPA boss says, just you wait and Sunshine Week is March 10-16; time to make plans for it
 
 
 
 
Today’s email was written by Rosie Spinks, edited by Jessanne Collins, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession Cruises: A maritime mega-moneymaker
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Elena K, Hometalk Team Hometalker Ozone Park, NY: 3 Ingredient Green DIY Soap Scum Remover for Your Glass Shower Doors
 
 
By nml235l: Cardboard Bender
 
 
By eamonwalshdiy: Faux Window With Your Favourite View
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By AnthVale: Sour Patch Grapes – the Healthier Alternative

By ButterMyBiscuits: Swirled Marshmallow Lollipops

FOODS by Lyds: Crustless Custard Pie


 
 

 
 

FYI February 27, 2019

On This Day

 
 
380 – Edict of Thessalonica: Emperor Theodosius I and his co-emperors Gratian and Valentinian II, declare their wish that all Roman citizens convert to trinitarian Christianity.
The Edict of Thessalonica (also known as Cunctos populos), issued on 27 February AD 380 by three reigning Roman Emperors, made Nicene Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire.[1]

Background
In 313 the emperor Constantine I, together with his eastern counterpart Licinius, issued the Edict of Milan, which granted religious toleration and freedom for persecuted Christians. By 325 Arianism, a school of christology which contended that Christ did not possess the divine essence of the Father but was rather a primordial creation and an entity subordinate to God, had become sufficiently widespread and controversial in Early Christianity that Constantine called the Council of Nicaea in an attempt to end the controversy by establishing an empire-wide, i.e., “ecumenical” orthodoxy. The council produced the original text of the Nicene Creed, which rejected the Arian confession and upheld that Christ is “true God” and “of one essence with the Father.”[2]

However, the strife within the Church did not end with Nicaea, and the Nicene creedal formulation remained contentious even among anti-Arian churchmen. Constantine, while urging tolerance, began to think that he had come down on the wrong side, and that the Nicenes — with their fervid, reciprocal persecution of Arians — were actually perpetuating strife within the Church. Constantine was not baptized until he was near death (337), choosing a bishop moderately sympathetic to Arius, Eusebius of Nicomedia, to perform the baptism.[2]

Constantine’s son and successor in the eastern empire, Constantius II was partial to the Arian party, and even exiled pro-Nicene bishops. Constantius’ successor Julian (later called “The Apostate”) was the only emperor after the conversion of Constantine to reject Christianity, attempting to fragment the Church and erode its influence by encouraging a revival of religious diversity, calling himself a “Hellene” and supporting forms of Hellenistic religion. He championed the traditional religious cultus of Rome as well as Judaism, and furthermore declared toleration for all the various unorthodox Christian sects and schismatic movements. Julian’s successor Jovian, a Christian, reigned for only eight months and never entered the city of Constantinople. He was succeeded in the east by Valens, an Arian.[2]

By 379, when Valens was succeeded by Theodosius I, Arianism was widespread in the eastern half of the Empire, while the west had remained steadfastly Nicene. Theodosius, who had been born in Hispania, was himself a Nicene Christian and very devout. In August, his western counterpart Gratian promoted persecution of heretics in the west.[2]


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Born On This Day

 
 
1667 – Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł, Prussian-Lithuanian wife of Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (d. 1695)
Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł (Lithuanian: Liudvika Karolina Radvilaitė) (27 February 1667 – 25 March 1695) was a magnate Princess of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and an active reformer.

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FYI

 
 

By Jon Blistein: Andy Anderson, Drummer for the Cure, Iggy Pop, Dead at 68
 
 
 
 
By Brakkton Booker: House Passes Sweeping Gun Bill
 
 
 
 
By Janine Puhak: Airline pressing charges after passenger throws coins into plane engine for ‘good luck’
A Chinese airline is reportedly pressing charges against a passenger who threw coins at a plane engine ahead of a recent flight for “good luck.” The man’s actions allegedly caused roughly $21,000 in damages and delayed travel plans for 160-plus passengers, who were forced to wait until the following day to fly out.
 
 
 
 
By Andrew Craft: Hero cop pulls stranded dog from icy Erie Canal
 
 
 
 
By Nicole Darrah: 131-vehicle pileup in Wisconsin leaves one dead, 71 injuredVideo 131-vehicle pileup in Wisconsin leaves one dead, 71 injured
 
 
 
 
By Ariane de Vogue, CNN Supreme Court Reporter: Supreme Court suggests memorial cross does not violate separation of church and state
 
 
 
 
TheRural Blog: Hemp cultivation means returning to Kentucky roots; It can be difficult to determine cause and effect with NAS, since “health experts can’t say for sure if developmental delays can be attributed to drug exposure, other factors, or genetics,” Payne reports. Still, there are clear trends. A recent study in Tennessee “analyzed close to 7,200 children aged 3 to 8 enrolled in the state’s Medicaid program,” Payne reports. “That study found 1 in 7 children with a history of opioid exposure in the womb required services for developmental delays.” And more –
 
 
 
 
Today’s email was written by Alexandra Ossola, edited by Jessanne Collins, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession Chatbot therapy: A digital age talking cure
 
 
 
 
The Passive Voice: Seventeen E-Mails Telling You That You Have Unsubscribed from Our E-Mail List; Business Musings: Ghostwriting, Plagiarism, and the Latest Scandal and more ->
 
 
 
 
Ernie at Tedium By Andrew Egan: The Ice King Cometh
Why are ice cubes seemingly as American as unnecessary medical debt? Perhaps it’s all the hard work we used to put into acquiring all that ice back in the day.
 
 
 
 

David Sherry Creative Caffeine: Breaking the Spell
There is a pattern that keeps playing out in my life. And I’ve tried to break it at least 1,000 times before. And as I’m becoming more aware now, I’m understanding the nuance.

The pattern is this:

I’m getting into the flow of my work. Over the course of a few days, I’m increasingly attracting more results to me and my output feels effortless.

I’m taking action without thought, and the results are that each task I do is effective.

In these two or three precious days work comes naturally, as does what to do next.

And then I falter. Somewhere I give in to a passing thought or desire or curiosity.

It used to be I would break this spell by going out on the weekends. I’d be feeling so great from how deeply engaged I was in life, that I’d think I was on top of the world, and thus could party, go out, and let loose a bit.

This would derail me off track.

Later, after I have changed my lifestyle so that it’s not partying that I do, instead, I am feeling so great, that I continue to force work into the weekend, and take it too far.

I would work so much, that I attempt to put in more than I have in me.

This equally puts me off track.

What I’m seeking is full engagement, 24/7.

To work without effort, to take action without trying, and to keep a flow in my life such that doesn’t get broken.

But there are so many places and ways for it to break.

So many areas for distraction. So many places where my energy can leak.

I attempt to let loose, and I overdo it and lose it.

I attempt to continue my work through the weekend, and I force it and lose my hold.

I attempt to keep a balance and I get distracted.

I attempt to give myself downtime, which wanders either through boredom or forced attempts to continue to build my skills, which come from a reactive need to NOT be how am I being, and again I lose it.

This quality I’m after is what people would call “presence.” But it’s not really about my focus, rather my attitude, and, you could almost say it’s a keeping a sort of “distance” from my focus. I’m not sure if you know what I mean? But it’s something like being so fully invested in what I’m doing, that I am equally distant and separate from it. This is something that I’ve found to be not only pleasurable but also effective.

It is the opposite of drudging through life.

And finding this sweet spot is the only area in which I am constantly vigilant.

And, now, I understand that you might say that this drudgery is a part of life.

That events happen outside of our control and you cannot keep whatever space it is you’re speaking about. Or that this is what “life is.”

But I believe that is untrue.

As the nature of everything I do which puts me back into the frame of my work and breaks my pattern does so because it changes something inside of me. It changes the subtle flavor of how I approach my work. A slight bit of fear, or reactiveness, or shyness, or feeling like a fraud, or feeling like I am unequipped to handle today’s task, or like I’m somehow not in charge, and all of these things change the subtle

And what I’ve found is that it never has to do with the outside circumstances.

It only appears that way. And that certain circumstances spark these changes, but the proportion and reaction depend on my own beliefs because many of the outside circumstances that throw me off track are blown out of proportion.

Many of the outside circumstances cause a change in me but then go back to normal a day after having a freakout. And if that’s true, why react at all?

And slowly I’m finding my way out of the pattern.

I suppose this is what mastery and craftsmanship is like. A steadying of the hand.

Experience, which allows you to find yourself back into a flow despite changes to the terrain. Jumping into the flow and using the unknown and the change in circumstances as a way to deepen your practice, rather than break from it.

What used to be minutes of focus, became hours became days.

What is becoming clear to me now, is a question that by understanding, shows me the way out.

The question is:

“When does life become work?”

And the answer is…

“When I am disengaged.”

xx David

 
 
 
 
Lee Goldberg: Sweet Home Alabama
 
 
 
 
Eden Ashley Mint Notion: 12 Best Cash Back Apps To Save Money When Shopping

 
 
 
 
By Alicia Kelso: French Fries Get A Makeover As Restaurant Competition Heats Up
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: The 100 Top Punk Songs of All Time, Curated by Readers of the UK’s Sounds Magazine in 1981 ; All the Rembrandts: The Rijksmuseum Puts All 400 Rembrandts It Owns on Display for the First Time
 
 
 
 
By Lidija Pisker: Braille Fence at Naples Castle Offers Stunning ‘View’
Why you should care
This might be the most poetic way to experience an amazing view.
 
 
 
 
The Kitchn: The Best, Homiest Meatloaf Recipe for Cold Nights; 10 Kitchen Tools That’ll Stand the Test of Time; 5 Things That Make Self-Care Storyteller Alex Elle Feel Her Best and more ->

Ideas

 
 
Abbie M Hometalk Team Brooklyn, NY: 5 Kool- Aid Dyeing Techniques Most People Don’t Know
 
 
By Chas’ Crazy Creations: To Grandma’s House We Go Link Party 128
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
Far From Normal: Roasted Garlic Bacon Potato Chowder


 
 

 
 

FYI February 26, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1616 – Galileo Galilei is formally banned by the Roman Catholic Church from teaching or defending the view that the earth orbits the sun.
Heliocentrism[a] is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System. Historically, heliocentrism was opposed to geocentrism, which placed the Earth at the center. The notion that the Earth revolves around the Sun had been proposed as early as the 3rd century BC by Aristarchus of Samos,[1] but at least in the medieval world, Aristarchus’s heliocentrism attracted little attention—possibly because of the loss of scientific works of the Hellenistic Era.[b]

It was not until the 16th century that a mathematical model of a heliocentric system was presented, by the Renaissance mathematician, astronomer, and Catholic cleric Nicolaus Copernicus, leading to the Copernican Revolution. In the following century, Johannes Kepler introduced elliptical orbits, and Galileo Galilei presented supporting observations made using a telescope.

With the observations of William Herschel, Friedrich Bessel, and other astronomers, it was realized that the Sun, while near the barycenter of the Solar System, was not at any center of the universe.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1857 – Émile Coué, French psychologist and pharmacist (d. 1926)
Émile Coué de la Châtaigneraie (French: [emil kue də la ʃɑtɛɲʁɛ]; 26 February 1857 – 2 July 1926) was a French psychologist and pharmacist who introduced a popular method of psychotherapy and self-improvement based on optimistic autosuggestion.[1][2]

Considered by Charles Baudouin to represent a second Nancy School,[3][4] Coué treated many patients in groups and free of charge.[5][6]

Life and career
Coué’s family, from the Brittany region of France and with origins in French nobility, had only modest means. A brilliant pupil in school, he initially intended to become an analytical chemist. However, he eventually abandoned these studies, as his father, who was a railroad worker, was in a precarious financial state. Coué then decided to become a pharmacist and graduated with a degree in pharmacology in 1876.

Working as an apothecary at Troyes from 1882 to 1910, Coué quickly discovered what later came to be known as the placebo effect. He became known for reassuring his clients by praising each remedy’s efficiency and leaving a small positive notice with each given medication. In 1886 and 1887 he studied with Ambroise-Auguste Liébeault and Hippolyte Bernheim, two leading exponents of hypnotism, in Nancy.

In 1910, Coué sold his business and retired to Nancy, where he opened a clinic that continuously delivered some 40,000 treatment-units per annum (Baudouin, 1920, p. 14) to local, regional, and overseas patients over the next sixteen years.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14] In 1913, Coué and his wife founded The Lorraine Society of Applied Psychology (French: La Société Lorraine de Psychologie appliquée). His book Self-Mastery Through Conscious Autosuggestion was published in England (1920) and in the United States (1922). Although Coué’s teachings were, during his lifetime, more popular in Europe than in the United States, many Americans who adopted his ideas and methods, such as Maxwell Maltz, Napoleon Hill, Norman Vincent Peale, Robert H. Schuller, and W. Clement Stone, became famous in their own right by spreading his words.

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FYI

 
 
By Braudie Blais-Billie and Jazz Monroe: Talk Talk’s Mark Hollis Dead at 64 The elusive figure passed away following a brief illness

Mark David Hollis (4 January 1955 – 25 February 2019)[3][2] was an English musician and singer-songwriter. He achieved commercial success and critical acclaim in the 1980s and 1990s as the co-founder, lead singer and principal songwriter of the band Talk Talk. Hollis wrote or co-wrote most of Talk Talk’s music, including hits like “It’s My Life” and “Life’s What You Make It”, and increasingly developed an influential experimental and contemplative style.

Beginning in 1981 as a synth-pop group with a New Romantic image, Talk Talk’s sound became increasingly adventurous under Hollis’s direction. For their third album, The Colour of Spring (1986), Talk Talk adopted an art pop sound that won critical and commercial favour; it remains their biggest commercial success. The band’s final two albums, Spirit of Eden (1988) and Laughing Stock (1991), were radical departures from their early work, taking influence from jazz, folk, classical and experimental music. While they were commercial failures in their own time, these albums have come to be seen as early landmarks of post-rock music.

After Talk Talk disbanded in 1992, Hollis returned to music in 1998 with a self-titled solo album, which continued the direction of Talk Talk’s sound but in a more minimal, spare, acoustic style. Following the release of his only solo album, Hollis largely retired from the recording industry.

On 25 February 2019, reports emerged online that Hollis had died, with posts from his family, collaborators and musical contemporaries acknowledging the death and offering condolences and tributes. His former manager, Keith Aspden, confirmed the next day that Hollis had died after a short illness.[4]

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
By Farnoush Amiri: ‘Unbelievable scene’ as plane crashes into Florida home, killing flight instructor “One guy is dead and one lady is stuck in the wall,” a man said in a 911 call.
 
 
 
 
By Tribune Media Wire: Lucky Charms flavored beer to launch this weekend
 
 
 
 
By Sean Braswell: The Trailblazing Black Female Doctor That American History Forgot
Why you should care
Because one of the pioneering physicians and medical writers of the 19th century was a Black woman named Rebecca Crumpler.
 
 
By Nick Fouriezos: How a Terrible Plane Crash Over the Grand Canyon Changed History
 
 
 
 
Today’s email was written by Whet Moser, edited by Jessanne Collins, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession Pickup trucks: Giving carmakers a lift
 
 
 
 
By Alanis King: Here’s Some of the Raddest Stuff That Showed Up for Radwood Austin Over the Weekend
 
 
 
 
By Raphael Orlove: NYC’s Most Radioactive Spot Is an Auto Shop
 
 
 
 
By Victoria Song: We Destroyed the ‘Unbreakable’ Pantyhose, But They Still Beat Every Other Kind
 
 
 
 
Gizmodo Science: Physicists Propose Hunting for Signs of Dark Matter in Ancient Minerals; Body of a Cancer Patient Left Radioactive Material at Arizona Crematorium; Google Translate Can Help Doctors Bridge the Language Gap With Patients—but It’s Not Flawless and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Merrit Kennedy: Vandals Steal Head Of 800-Year-Old Mummy In Ireland
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: The New Normal: Spike Jonze Creates a Very Short Film About America’s Complex History with Cannabis; Watch Marc Martel, Who Supplied Vocals for the Award-Winning Queen Film, Sing Just Like Freddie Mercury: “Bohemian Rhapsody,” “We Are The Champions” & More and more ->
 
 
 
 
The rural Blog: FCC says rural-urban digital divide dropped dramatically in 2017; Democratic commissioner disagrees; Partisan news outlets fill gaps left by local news cutbacks; Louisiana and Washington attempt ‘Netflix-style’ model for Hepatitis C medications to treat the poor, to save money and more->
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Rebecca at Soap Deli News Blog: Win A Simply Earth Essential Oil Recipe Box!; DIY glitter galaxy unicorn soap; How to Make Rainbow Bar Embeds for Hidden Rainbow Bath Bombs and more ->
 
 
Jennifer | CrazyDiyMom Jennifer | CrazyDiyMom ]Hometalker Sheboygan, WI: DIY Lamps From a PVC Pipe!
 
 
By wiferneer: Weighted Blanket – Including What to Know Before You Start
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By Katrienn: The Best Dutch ‘Stroopkoeken’ Recipe

By misko13: Irish Potatoes (Candy)


 
 

 
 

FYI February 25, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1848 – Provisional government in revolutionary France, by Louis Blanc’s motion, guarantees workers’ rights.
The 1848 Revolution in France, sometimes known as the February Revolution (révolution de Février), was one of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe. In France the revolutionary events ended the July Monarchy (1830–1848) and led to the creation of the French Second Republic.

Following the overthrow of King Louis Philippe in February 1848, the elected government of the Second Republic ruled France. In the months that followed, this government steered a course that became more conservative. On 23 June 1848, the people of Paris rose in insurrection,[1] which became known as June Days uprising – a bloody but unsuccessful rebellion by the Paris workers against a conservative turn in the Republic’s course. On 2 December 1848, Louis Napoléon Bonaparte was elected President of the Second Republic, largely on peasant support. Exactly three years later he suspended the elected assembly, establishing the Second French Empire, which lasted until 1870. Louis Napoléon went on to become the de facto last French monarch.

The February revolution established the principle of the “right to work” (droit au travail), and its newly established government created “National Workshops” for the unemployed. At the same time a sort of industrial parliament was established at the Luxembourg Palace, under the presidency of Louis Blanc, with the object of preparing a scheme for the organization of labour. These tensions between liberal Orléanist and Radical Republicans and Socialists led to the June Days Uprising.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1670 – Maria Margarethe Kirch, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1720)
Maria Margaretha Kirch (née Winckelmann, in historic sources named Maria Margaretha Kirchin; 25 February 1670 – 29 December 1720) was a German astronomer, and one of the first famous astronomers of her period due to her writings on the conjunction of the sun with Saturn, Venus, and Jupiter in 1709 and 1712 respectively.[1]

Early life
Maria was educated from an early age by her father, a Lutheran minister, who believed that she deserved an education equivalent to that given to young boys of the time.[2] At the age of 13 she had lost both her father and mother. By that time she had also received a general education by her brother-in-law Justinus Toellner and the well-known astronomer Christoph Arnold, who lived nearby.[3] Her education was continued by her uncle. As Maria had an interest in astronomy from an early age, she took the opportunity of studying with Arnold, a self-taught astronomer who worked as a farmer in Sommerfeld, near Leipzig. She became Arnold’s unofficial apprentice and later his assistant, living with him and his family.[2] However, astronomy was not organised entirely along guild lines.[4]

Through Arnold, Maria met the famous German astronomer and mathematician Gottfried Kirch, who was 30 years her senior. They married in 1692, later having four children, all of whom followed in their parents’ footsteps by studying astronomy.[5] In 1700 the couple moved to Berlin, as the elector ruler of Brandenburg Frederick III, later Frederick I of Prussia, had appointed Gottfried Kirch as his royal astronomer.[6]

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FYI

 
 


No one was hurt!

By Jason Torchinsky: In Case You’ve Ever Wanted to Watch a Food Truck Explode Out of Existence, Here You Go
 
 
 
 
By Gwen Ihnat: Pillsbury Bake-Off winning recipe is an entire cheese plate stuffed into pastry
 
 
 
 
By Gwen Inhat: Barbecue now available at the Texas Chainsaw Massacre gas station
 
 
 
 
National Science Foundation: Lifting the economy on hawks’ wings
American kestrels range from Alaska to South America. They dine on bugs, small mammals and fruit-eating birds. More kestrels mean fewer pests, and the tiny hawks’ mere presence can produce measurable improvements, said Catherine Lindell, a Michigan State University (MSU) integrative biologist and study co-author. Growers can attract more of these beneficial birds by building nesting boxes.
 
 
 
 
The Passive Voice: Blowback; Piracy v. Privacy – the Federal Court Significantly Restores the Balance in Canadian Mass Copyright Litigation by Insisting on “Best Available Evidence”; The Cristiane Serruya Plagiarism Scandal
 
 
 
 
Today’s email was written by Lucas Reilly, edited by Whet Moser and Adam Pasick, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession 536: Worst. Year. Ever.
 
 
 
 

By Todd Bookman: CEO Of U.S. Gun-Maker Faces Jail In Germany
 
 
 
 
By Nina Totenberg: Cross Clash Could Change Rules For Separation Of Church And State
The case before the court goes back almost 100 years, when bereaved mothers in Bladensburg, Md., decided to build a World War I memorial to honor their fallen sons. When they ran out of money, the American Legion took over the project. But by the 1930s, a local parks commission had taken over the war memorial and the responsibility for its maintenance. Today, it sits at a busy five-way intersection, and the message it conveys all depends on whom you ask.
 
 
 
 
By Stephanie Donovan: Blog Profiles: Artificial Intelligence Blogs
 
 
 
 
By Adam Bloodworth: ‘It’s A Dream Come True’: Female Genital Mutilation Survivor Celebrates Subject’s Addition To Curriculum
“My teaching is very blunt: I don’t hide anything. I can disclose that I am a survivor.”

Hibo Wardere, FGM activist

Female genital mutilation was outlawed in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2003 and in Scotland in 2005 but Hibo believes school visits have the power to go further by eradicating the practice in private. “My teaching is very blunt: I don’t hide anything. I can disclose that I am a survivor.”

“There’s no silly questions, nothing embarrassing or too personal. You already have them in your corner, they already want to know everything you say, so it inspires me to visit more and more schools every day.

“Knowledge is freedom. We have to use knowledge to combat awful violence.”
 
 
 
 
Thin Mints!
NBC News: A meme is born
 
 
 
 
The Rural Blog: Injured rural workers more likely to be prescribed opioids; Black woman replaces publisher slammed for KKK editorial; EPA issues ’emergency exemption’ for fourth year to allow limited use of a pesticide that is harmful to bees; Illinois farmers try solar panel farming and more ->
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: Archaeologists, Mayanists, and Hershey’s collaborated to reveal this ancient vessel’s secrets; Mathematical Marvel Hidden in a small chapel in the heart of a popular Italian city, a 19th-century device allows its users to accurately track 4,000 years of history and predictions with a simple crank of its nine cylinders.; No Name Lake Unknown to many, this sparkling turquoise lake hides amid Oregon’s snow-capped Broken Top Mountain. And more ->
 
 
 
 
Chris Kyle Frog Foundation: We couldn’t do it without you.
Our programs have impacted more than 2,253 family members within the military and first responder community. This number grows each week and the ripple effect reaches 1,000’s more.

 
 
 
 
By Christine Schmidt: How Mississippi Today and WLBT balance data and broadcast needs while co-investigating stories
“If people have broadband and can access digital news — which is still not a given here in the state — thinking that news can come from a digital outlet is something new to a lot in the state.”
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: Discover the KattenKabinet: Amsterdam’s Museum Devoted to Works of Art Featuring Cats; The Lifespan of Ancient Civilizations Detailed in a Handy Infographic: Are We Headed Towards Our Own Collapse?; Historian Rutger Bregman Explains to the Billionaires at Davos and Fox’s Tucker Carlson How to Save Capitalism: The Rich Need to Their Taxes
 
 
 
 

By JR Raphael: 40 incredibly useful things you didn’t know Google Search could do Take your search game to the next level with these tools that’ll save you time and help you get more done.
 
 
 
 
By Jed Gottlieb: Who cares if arts critics disappear?
 
 
 
 
MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCCXLII): Potemkin Villages: Fake towns and villages designed for police or military training; Cave of the Crystals; The Bailong Elevator, China; How to Make Friends; Moving a 7,600 ton building and more ->

The internet is going to be talking about the Oscars all week, so to rescue you from the usual water cooler talk, I thought I’d put together a bonus serving (in addition to your usual order) of 13 Things in Cinema that no one else is talking about…
13 Things in Cinema that no one else is talking about…

How Sex Scenes in Films really work
The Lost Films: Hitchcock, Gatsby and the Oscar Winning Movies that Vanished
These incredible cinema prop houses in New York and in Paris
10 Hotels for Acting out your Favorite Movies
The Girls we should thank for kickstarting Hollywood
Cinema’s First Sex Symbol was also America’s First Goth
The greatest film starring Mick Jagger, Dali and Orson Welles that never got made
That time they rebuilt Paris for the movies
He made the most beautiful films of all time, and they put him in prison for it
The Godfather Bar in Sicily, is still open
Let’s sneak into California’s Most Beautiful Art Deco Cinemas
The abandoned secret cinema of the Sinai Desert
10 American Indie Alternatives for an anti-Oscars movie night

 
 
 
 
GlacierHub – Newsletter 02/25/2019
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Engineer Your Space Hometalker: Quick, Affordable Renter-friendly Bedroom Makeover: Color, Storage,…
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 


 
 

 
 

Music February 25, 2019

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

FYI February 24, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1803 – In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the principle of judicial review.
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803), was a U.S. Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review in the United States, meaning that American courts have the power to strike down laws, statutes, and some government actions that contravene the U.S. Constitution. Decided in 1803, Marbury remains the single most important decision in American constitutional law.[1] The Court’s landmark decision established that the U.S. Constitution is actual “law”, not just a statement of political principles and ideals, and helped define the boundary between the constitutionally separate executive and judicial branches of the American form of government.

The case ultimately originated from the political and ideological rivalry between outgoing U.S. President John Adams, who espoused the pro-business and pro-national-government ideals of Alexander Hamilton and the Federalist Party, and incoming President Thomas Jefferson, who led the Democratic-Republican Party and favored agriculture and decentralization.[2] Adams had lost the U.S. presidential election of 1800 to Jefferson, and in March 1801, just two days before his term as president ended, Adams appointed several dozen Federalist Party supporters to new circuit judge and justice of the peace positions in an attempt to frustrate Jefferson and his supporters in the Democratic-Republican Party.[3] The U.S. Senate quickly confirmed Adams’s appointments, but upon Jefferson’s inauguration two days later, a few of the new judges’ commissions still had not been delivered.[3] Jefferson believed the commissions were void because they had not been delivered in time, and instructed his new Secretary of State, James Madison, not to deliver them.[4] One of the men whose commissions had not been delivered in time was William Marbury, a Maryland businessman who had been a strong supporter of Adams and the Federalists. In late 1801, after Madison had repeatedly refused to deliver his commission, Marbury filed a lawsuit in the Supreme Court asking the Court to issue a writ of mandamus forcing Madison to deliver his commission.[5]

In an opinion written by Chief Justice John Marshall, the Court held firstly that Madison’s refusal to deliver Marbury’s commission was illegal, and secondly that it was normally proper for a court in such situations to order the government official in question to deliver the commission.[6] However, in Marbury’s case, the Court did not order Madison to comply. Examining the law Congress had passed that gave the Supreme Court jurisdiction over types of cases like Marbury’s, Marshall found that it had expanded the definition of the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction beyond what was originally set down in the U.S. Constitution.[7] Marshall then struck down the law, announcing that American courts have the power to invalidate laws that they find to violate the Constitution.[8] Because this meant the Court had no jurisdiction over the case, it could not issue the writ that Marbury had requested.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1604 – Arcangela Tarabotti, born Elena Tarabotti, Venetian nun and feminist (d. 1652)
Arcangela Tarabotti (24 February 1604 – 28 February 1652)[1] was a Venetian nun and Early Modern Italian writer. Tarabotti wrote texts and corresponded with cultural and political figures for most of her adult life, centering on the issues of forced enclosure, and what she saw as other symptoms and systems of patriarchy and misogyny in her works and discussions.[2][3] Tarabotti wrote at least seven works, though only five were published during her lifetime.[4][5] Because of the politics of Tarabotti’s works, many scholars consider her “a protofeminist writer as well as an early political theorist.” [6]

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FYI

 
 
By Holly Yan: NASA renames facility for real-life ‘Hidden Figures’ hero Katherine Johnson
 
 
 
 
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By Mariana Dale: Arizona Law Leaves Schools Struggling To Navigate LGBTQ Issues
 
 
 
 
By Travis Fedschun: Dubai flight forced to make emergency landing after attempted hijacking; suspect dies of injuries in shootout
 
 
 
 
“Five for Freedom, The African American Soldiers in John Brown’s Army”
 
 
 
 
Ohio News: Ohio baby with heart condition outlives expectations
“There is a lot of faith and learning to deal with the void we feel on earth,” Tracy McCarthy said. “But it’s not a forever goodbye. We will see him in heaven. He’s happy and he’s healed and we will see him again. That is driving us forward and what is going to get us through it.”
 
 
 
 
How do you compensate one for such a horrendous loss?
By Alene Tchekmedyian: After spending 38 years in prison for wrongful murder convictions, man wins $21-million settlement
 
 
 
 
By Jonathan Lambert Goats and Soda: Life Lessons From Grandma: Eat Last, Ignore Naysayers, Stop Texting!
 
 
 
 
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By Eugene S. Robinson: OZY’s New Podcast: From Ph.D. in Physics to Professional Pole Dancer
Why you should care
Because “badass” comes in unexpected sizes and shapes.
 
 
y Poornima Apte: This Music Teacher Doesn’t Believe in Auditions
Why you should care
Because the skills learned in music can translate to pretty much any job.
 
 
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Why you should care
The NBA’s most intimidating big man gets better every year.
 
 
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Why you should care
Deven MacNair wants stunts for women and people of color to be performed by them — a fight that‘s endangered her career.
 
 
 
 
Kings River Life: End of February Mystery Reading Fun! Rogue Show Local Acts Previews: Jaguar Saves America/Eve’s Wheel/The Do-Over The Cat House On the Kings: Lynea’s Birthday, Kittens, and Open House Coming Attractions: Erin Go Bragh! And more ->
 
 
 
 
Maria Popva’s Brain Pickings: Thoreau on change, Romanian philosopher Emil Cioran on the courage to disillusion yourself, and more
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 

Zest it Up Hometalker Atascadero, CA: All Natural Toy Cleaner
 
 
Craft Invaders Hometalker United Kingdom: Mini Succulent Planter
 
 
Tiffany Tutorial Team Hemet, CA: My Cinderella Yard Make Over…From Ugly to Wonderful
 
 
By UnitedKreative-Com: 48 Inch Wide Layered Paper Art Shadow Box
 
 
By Audreyobscura: Free Onine PHOTOGRAPHY CLASS
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By Misko13: Saint Mark Cake (12th Century Recipe)
 
 
By Mimikry: The Swedish Killevipp Or: Dessert Goes Supernova
 
 
By Italianwikiblog: How to Make Hokey Pokey Candy


 
 

 
 

FYI February 23, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1905 – Chicago attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world’s first service club.
Rotary International is an international service organization whose stated purpose is to bring together business and professional leaders in order to provide humanitarian service and to advance goodwill and peace around the world. It is a non-political and non-sectarian organization open to all people regardless of race, color, creed, religion, gender, or political preference. There are 34,282 member clubs worldwide, and 1.2 million individuals, known as Rotarians, have joined.[2]

Rotarians usually gather weekly for breakfast, lunch, or dinner to fulfill their first guiding principle to develop friendships as an opportunity for service. “It is the duty of all Rotarians,” states their Manual of Procedure,[3] “outside their clubs, to be active as individuals in as many legally constituted groups and organizations as possible to promote, not only in words but through exemplary dedication, awareness of the dignity of all people and the respect of the consequent human rights of the individual.” The Rotarian’s primary motto is “Service Above Self”; its secondary motto is “One profits most who serves best.”[4]

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Born On This Day

 
 
1923 – Clarence D. Lester, African-American fighter pilot (d.1986)
Clarence D. “Lucky” Lester (February 23, 1923 – March 17, 1986) was an African-American fighter pilot in the 332nd Fighter Group, commonly known as the Tuskegee Airmen, during World War II. He was one of the first African-American military aviators in the United States Army Air Corps, the United States Army Air Forces and later the United States Air Force.[2] [3] Lester was one of two pilots who shot down three Focke-Wulf Fw 190 or Messerschmitt Bf 109 on a single mission; the other pilot was Captain Joseph Elsberry. [4] [5] Lester flew a P-51 Mustang nicknamed “Miss Pelt.”[2]

World War II
The Tuskegee Airmen is the popular name of a group of African-American military pilots (fighter and bomber) who fought in World War II. They formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces. The name also applies to the navigators, bombardiers, mechanics, instructors, crew chiefs, nurses, cooks and other support personnel. Lester recalls that “Being a black pilot in the 1940s was like being a pro athlete today … We knew we were special, that we would have to prove something. This was the first chance blacks had had outside of working in the kitchen or the possiblity [sic] of being a truck driver.” [6] White pilots would fly around 50 combat missions but because there were no replacements, black pilots of the Tuskegee Airmen flew around 70 missions.[7] During the war he flew over 90 combat missions.[8]

After the WWII
While flying an F-84E Thunderjet it experienced mechanical failure and exploded into flames forcing Lester to yank his ejection seat and parachute from the inflamed jet, which made him “only the sixth pilot ever to use the ejection method.” [8] Later in his career he also worked with the infamous “Whiz kids” that Robert McNamara assembled at the Office of the Secretary of Defense.[7] In 1969 Lester retired as a full colonel and was then appointed as associate director of social services in Rockville, Maryland.[7]

 
 

FYI

 
 
By William Hughes: R.I.P. Stanley Donen, co-director of Singin’ In The Rain and legendary innovator of the Hollywood musical

Stanley Donen (/ˈdɒnən/ DON-ən;[1] April 13, 1924 – February 21, 2019) was an American film director and choreographer whose most celebrated works are Singin’ in the Rain and On the Town, both of which he co-directed with actor and dancer Gene Kelly. Other noteworthy films include Royal Wedding, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, Funny Face, Indiscreet, Damn Yankees!, Charade, and Two for the Road. He began his career in the chorus line on Broadway for director George Abbott, where he befriended Kelly. In 1943 he went to Hollywood and worked as a choreographer before he and Kelly made On the Town in 1949. He then worked as a contract director for MGM under producer Arthur Freed producing hit films amid critical acclaim. In 1952 Donen and Kelly co-directed the musical Singin’ in the Rain, regarded as one of the greatest films ever made. Donen’s relationship with Kelly deteriorated in 1955 during their final collaboration on It’s Always Fair Weather. He then broke his contract with MGM to become an independent producer in 1957. He continued making films throughout the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, often financial successes that were critically acclaimed. His film output became less frequent in the early 1980s and he briefly returned to the stage as a director in the 1990s and again in 2002.

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Ideas

 
 
Abbie M Hometalk Team Brooklyn, NY: How to Seriously Upgrade Your Decor—using Hot Glue
 
 
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Recipes

 
 
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