Category: FYI


FYI October 24, 2018

On This Day

1260 – Chartres Cathedral is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Chartres Cathedral, also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres (French: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres), is a Roman Catholic church in Chartres, France, about 80 km (50 miles) southwest of Paris. Mostly constructed between 1194 and 1220, it stands at the site of at least five cathedrals that have occupied the site since Chartres became a bishopric in the 4th century. It is in the Gothic and Romanesque styles.

It is designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, which calls it “the high point of French Gothic art” and a “masterpiece”.[2]

The cathedral has been well preserved. The majority of the original stained glass windows survive intact, while the architecture has seen only minor changes since the early 13th century. The building’s exterior is dominated by heavy flying buttresses which allowed the architects to increase the window size significantly, while the west end is dominated by two contrasting spires – a 105-metre (349 ft) plain pyramid completed around 1160 and a 113-metre (377 ft) early 16th-century Flamboyant spire on top of an older tower. Equally notable are the three great façades, each adorned with hundreds of sculpted figures illustrating key theological themes and narratives.

Since at least the 12th century the cathedral has been an important destination for travelers. It remains so to the present, attracting large numbers of Christian pilgrims, many of whom come to venerate its famous relic, the Sancta Camisa, said to be the tunic worn by the Virgin Mary at Christ’s birth, as well as large numbers of secular tourists who come to admire the cathedral’s architecture and historical merit.


Born On This Day

1885 – Alice Perry, Irish engineer and poet (d. 1969)
Alice Jacqueline Perry (24 October 1885 – 21 April 1969) was the first woman in Ireland to graduate with a degree in engineering.[1]

Early life and education
Born in Wellpark, Galway in 1885, Alice was one of five daughters of James and Martha Perry (née Park).[2] Her father was the County Surveyor in Galway West and co-founded the Galway Electric Light Company.[3] Her uncle, John Perry, was a Fellow of the Royal Society and invented the navigational gyroscope.[4]

After graduating from the High School in Galway, she won a scholarship to study in Royal University, Galway in 1902. Having excelled in mathematics, she changed from studying for a degree in arts to an engineering degree. She graduated with first class honours in 1906.[1][5] The family appear to have been academically gifted. Her sisters Molly and Nettie also went on to third level education; a third sister Agnes earned BA (1903) and MA (1905) in mathematics from Queen’s College Galway (later UCG then NUIG), taught there in 1903–1904, was a Royal University of Ireland examiner in mathematics in 1906, and later became assistant headmistress at a secondary school in London.[6]

Following her graduation she was offered a senior postgraduate scholarship but owing to her father’s death the following month, she did not take up this position.[2] In December 1906 she succeeded her father temporarily as county surveyor for Galway County Council.[2] She remained in this position for five[2] or six[1] months until a permanent appointment was made. She was an unsuccessful candidate for the permanent position and for a similar opportunity to be a surveyor in Galway East.[2] She remains the only woman to have been a County Surveyor (County Engineer) in Ireland.[1]

In 1908 she moved to London with her sisters, where she worked as a Lady Factory Inspector for the Home Office.[1] From there she moved to Glasgow, at which point she converted from Presbyterianism to Christian Science in 1915.[4] She met and married John (Bob) Shaw on 30 September 1916.[2] Shaw was a soldier who died in 1917 on the Western Front.[1][2]

Later life and death
Perry retired from her inspector’s position in 1921[4] and became interested in poetry, first publishing in 1922.[1] In 1923 she moved to Boston, the headquarters of Christian Science.[4] Until her death in 1969, Perry worked within the Christian Science movement as a poetry editor and practitioner,[2] publishing seven books of poetry.[1]

An All-Ireland medal has been named in her honour, The Alice Perry Medal, with the first prizes awarded in 2014.[7]

On Monday 6 March 2017, NUI Galway held an official ceremony to mark the naming of the Alice Perry Engineering Building.[8][9]


The children of Nazareth : and other poems (c1930)
The morning meal and other poems (1939)
Mary in the garden and other poems (1944)
One thing I know and other poems (c1953)
Women of Canaan and other poems (1961)


By Kelly Faircloth: The Inventor of Famous Green Bean Casserole Has Died
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: These Crows Are More Clever Than Non-Human Apes When It Comes to Building Compound Tools
By Erik Shilling: Ice-T was Arrested for Blowing Through a Toll Booth in a McLaren 720S
By Heather Chapman: Oct. 29 webinar to discuss Adverse Childhood Events in rural America
By Heather Chapman: How one Washington town battles rural ‘brain drain’
Morgan Weisman Google for Education: Tools that aim to reach all types of learners, wherever they are
Editor’s note: Before joining Google’s Education team, Morgan Weisman was a kindergarten teacher. Today she is sharing how one of her students inspired her to help build products that aim to meet the needs of all types of learners.
Forbes Daily Dozen: George Soros made his fortune as one of the world’s greatest investors. He’s since become one of its finest philanthropists—and the bogeyman of the right, Why is Wal-Mart investing in a startup run by former Israeli spies? More ->
By Elizabeth Segran: The Warby Parker of strollers is here
The Public Domain Review Vol.8 #18: Mother Shipton the witch of York; Early experiments with X-Rays; and lots of Halloween treats…
Today’s email was written by Gwynn Guilford, edited by Jessanne Collins, and produced by Luiz Romero. Spooky music: Forbidden chord + apocalyptic ditty

Open Culture Josh Jones: Laurie Anderson’s Virtual Reality Installation Takes Viewers on an Unconventional Tour of the Moon

By Joshua Benton: WikiTribune is handing the keys more completely to its users (after laying off its journalists)
Vector’s World: The best of both worlds , Duck walk and more ->

The Passive Voice – Dreams, Why Translation Deserves Scrutiny, Does YouTube Underpay Artists 13 Billion a Year? Understanding YouTube’s Article 13 Freakout and How Instagram Saved Poetry


By Chas’ Crazy Creations: To Grandma’s House we go! (Wednesday Link Party #110)
My Sweet Cottage Hometalker Seattle, WA: An Ugly Shelving Unit Becomes Cute Mudroom Shoe Storage







FYI October 23, 2018

On This Day

42 BC – Liberators’ civil war: Second Battle of Philippi: Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus’s army. Brutus commits suicide.
The Liberators’ civil war was started by the Second Triumvirate to avenge Julius Caesar’s murder. The war was fought by the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian (the Second Triumvirate members) against the forces of Caesar’s assassins Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus in 42 BC.

After the murder of Caesar, Brutus and Cassius (the two main conspirators, also known as the Liberatores) had left Italy and taken control of all Eastern provinces (from Greece and Macedonia to Syria) and of the allied Eastern kingdoms. In Rome the three main Caesarian leaders (Antony, Octavian and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus), who controlled almost all the Roman army in the west, had crushed the opposition of the senate and established the second triumvirate. One of their first tasks was to destroy the Liberators’ forces, not only to get full control of the Roman world, but also to avenge Caesar’s death.

The triumvirs decided to leave Lepidus in Italy, while the two main partners of the triumvirate (Antony and Octavian) moved to Northern Greece with their best troops (a total of 28 legions). In 42 BC Gaius Norbanus Flaccus and Decidius Saxa, were sent by the triumvirs with an eight legion strong advance guard into Macedonia against the murderers of Julius Caesar. In the neighborhood of Philippi, Norbanus and Saxa met the combined advancing troops of Cassius and Brutus. As they were outnumbered, Norbanus and Saxa occupied a position near Philippi which prevented the republicans from advancing any further. By a ruse, Brutus and Cassius managed to make Norbanus leave this position, but Norbanus discovered the ruse in time to recover the dominating position. When Brutus and Cassius managed to outflank them, Norbanus and Saxa retreated toward Amphipolis. When Marc Antony and the bulk of the triumvir’s troops arrived (minus Octavian, who was delayed at Dyrrachium because of ill health), they found Amphipolis well guarded and Norbanus was left in command of the town.


Born On This Day

1865 – Neltje Blanchan, American historian and author (d. 1918)
Neltje Blanchan De Graff Doubleday (October 23, 1865 – February 21, 1918) was a United States scientific historian and nature writer who published several books on wildflowers and birds under the pen name Neltje Blanchan.[1] Her work is known for its synthesis of scientific interest with poetic phrasing.

Early life and education
Neltje Blanchan De Graff was born in Chicago to Liverius De Graff, a proprietor of a men’s clothing store, and his wife Alice Fair. She was educated at St. John’s Preparatory School in New York City and The Masters School in Dobbs Ferry, New York.[2]
Marriage and family

Neltje married Frank Nelson Doubleday in Plainfield, New Jersey on June 9, 1886. They had two sons and one daughter: Felix Doty (adopted), Nelson (1889–1949) and Dorothy. They had homes in both New York City and Oyster Bay.

Writing career
Neltje Doubleday published eleven books under her pen name of Neltje Blanchan. Her works on wildflowers and birds were notable for their combination of scientific facts with poetic expression.

Community service
Neltje Doubleday entertained regularly and participated in philanthropic work for the American Red Cross.[1]

In 1917 she visited the Philippines and China on special assignment as a commissioner for the Red Cross. She died suddenly in Canton, China on February 21, 1918 at age 52.[1]

Legacy and honors
Some of her papers (1914–1918) are held in the Frank N. Doubleday and Nelson Doubleday Collection at the Princeton University Library.
The Wyoming Arts Council established the Neltje Blanchan Literary Award (now called the Blanchan/Doubleday Writing Award), which is given annually to “a writer whose work, in any genre, is inspired by nature.” The award was funded in Blanchan’s memory by her granddaughter, Neltje Doubleday Kings, an abstract artist who served on the board of the Council from 1985 to 1988. In 2010 Neltje Kings made an estate gift to the University of Wyoming, including her land, ranch and studio buildings, art collections, which is the largest in the history of the university. When realized, it will become the UW Neltje Center for the Visual and Literary Arts.[3]

Nellie’s grandson Nelson Doubleday Jr. was president of the Doubleday publishing company from 1978–1986, when he sold it to the Bertelsmann group from Germany. He purchased the New York Mets in 1986 and was chairman of its board that year when it won the World Series title. In 2002 he sold his half share in the team.

Published works
The Piegan Indians (1892)
Bird Neighbors (1897)
Birds that Hunt and Are Hunted (pdf). New York: Doubleday & McClure Co. 1898. p. 359.
Nature’s Garden (1900), republished as Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors (1901)
How to Attract the Birds (1902)
“What the Basket Means to the Indian,” a chapter in Mary White’s How To Make Baskets (1901)
Birds Every Child Should Know (1907)
The American Flower Garden (1909)
Birds Worth Knowing (1917)
Canadian Birds Worth Knowing (1917)
Wild Flowers Worth Knowing (adapted from Nature’s Garden by Asa Don Dickenson, 1917, 1922)
Birds: Selected from the Writings of Neltje Blanchan (posthumously, 1930)



By Diane Moskovitz: Police: Ex-Boyfriend Shot Dead Utah Track Athlete, Then Killed Himself
By Yessenia Funes: Deb Haaland Could Be Congress’ First Native American Woman—and a Voice for New Mexico’s Sacred Lands
By David Tracy: I Just Came Home to a Junkyard
By Kristen Lee: Researchers Have Discovered the World’s Oldest Intact Shipwreck in the Black Sea
By Dan Neilan: Here’s how horror film scores have evolved to scare us over the years

By Danette Chavez: Mayans M.C. isn’t the “border story” people expected to see, but it’s just as riveting
By Christine Cube: Blog Profiles: Cybersecurity Blogs
YouTube Learning: Investing in educational creators, resources, and tools for EduTubers
Iraq war veteran Joshua Carroll used to spend nights at his security post watching YouTube to learn trigonometry so he could pursue his passion for space. In just three weeks, YouTube helped him improve his math skills from a 10th grade level to the level required to take physics classes at New River Community College in Virginia. Today, he makes a living as a physicist, using Bernoulli differential equations in fluid flow systems. Joshua is not alone–people all over the world use YouTube to learn and follow their passions.

By Liz Seegert: NYC’s first lady urges reporters to tackle mental health issues
“We have to stop thinking about mental health in a silo, as a subset of physical health,” she said. Too many families still don’t know where to turn, and keep their problems hidden, as they try to protect the people they care about from judgment and shame.
By Joanne Kenen: How to discover and dissect surprise medical bills
By Heather Chapman: Agriculture Dept. program funds rural jail-building boom
Some local residents oppose the new jails, saying that they increase debt and that the payments will take money from other important local programs — and motivate local courts and law enforcement to fill the jails. “The USDA Community Facilities program, meant to improve economic development and quality of life, is instead increasingly being used to fund the infrastructure to detain and incarcerate more people in rural counties across the country,” Norton and Kang-Brown report.
Carolyne Aarsen: Ten ways you know you live on a farm

I grew up in the city and when I married the love of my life he moved me to a farm. I learned a lot those first few years but I’ve also discovered that there are a number of differences between farm life and city life. I pulled up just a few to share. These are things that I have found peculiar to farm/country living.

When you are taking a shower and the water pressure goes down – you know the cows are drinking from the cattle waterer in the corrals.
When the power goes off you are more worried about the electric fence keeping the cows in and the fans in the barn than you are about the refrigerator in the house
You sometimes wake up to see cows or horses in your garden. ( see above)
That rumbling sound coming down the road is more likely to be a tractor, sprayer, combine or grain truck than a monster truck.
Sometimes that slower pace of life people talk about is because you can get stuck on the road behind a tractor, sprayer or combine. But that’s often okay because you probably know the driver and which field they are going to turn onto.
You don’t hang laundry on the clothesline during spring and fall because the heavy traffic coming down the road creates clouds of dust.
Your kids take the the time to properly close and latch every gate behind them because otherwise you’ll end up with #3 and they’ve had to help you chase cows at 6:00 in the morning – through wet grass – on a Saturday – so, no thanks, latch that gate.
Sometimes a night out is driving around to check the crops.
Doesn’t matter what the weather is, it could be better.
You wear rubber boots to go get groceries and no one bats an eye.

By News Wires: China unveils world’s longest bridge linking Hong Kong with mainland

All About Romance: Charlaine Harris An Easy Death
By Gary Price: Texas: Houston Public Library Sued by Anti-Gay Activists Over Drag Queen Story Hour
The group behind the lawsuit identify themselves as “Christ followers,” taxpayers and card-carrying library patrons. One of those bringing the lawsuit is Tex Christopher, who says he homeschooled his children using library books.
By Gary Price: Iowa Man Burns Children’s Books From Public Library to Protest Orange City Pride
The books Dorr selected for burning, he said, were those he deemed the most egregious. He said he has not spoken to anyone from the Orange City Public Library, and that he will not be replacing the books nor paying for them.
By Jeffrey Mervis: Kathleen Williams wants Montana voters to help her restore civility and science
By John Moody: Chinese Companies Are Buying Up Closed Colleges
Open Culture Josh Jones: Roger Waters Adapts and Narrates Igor Stravinsky’s Theatrical Piece, The Soldier’s Story

Open Culture Colin Marshall: The Big Lebowski at 20: Jeff Bridges, John Goodman & Steve Buscemi Reunite to Discuss the Coen Brothers’ Beloved Film

Open Culture Josh Jones: Free Guided Imagery Recordings Help Kids Cope with Pain, Stress & Anxiety





Cari Everything Pretty: Orange Cinnamon Solid Lotion Recipe For Dry Skin
Cheryl Phan Artzy Fartzy Creations: Elegant Capizo Faux Finish
Cheryl Phan artzy Fartzy Creations: LusterStone – The Perfect Decorative Finish





By KitchenMason: How to Make Easy ‘Bloody’ Surprise Halloween Cupcakes



FYI October 22, 2018

On This Day

1707 – Scilly naval disaster: Four British naval vessels run aground on the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. In response, the first Longitude Act is enacted in 1714.
The Longitude Act was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in July 1714 at the end of the reign of Queen Anne. It established the Board of Longitude and offered monetary rewards (Longitude rewards) for anyone who could find a simple and practical method for the precise determination of a ship’s longitude. The Act of 1714 was followed by a series of other Longitude Acts that revised or replaced the original.[1]

As transoceanic travel grew in significance, so did the importance of accurate and reliable navigation at sea. Scientists and navigators had been working on the problem of measuring longitude for a long time. While determining latitude was relatively easy,[2] early ocean navigators had to rely on dead reckoning to find longitude. This was particularly inaccurate on long voyages without sight of land and could sometimes lead to tragedy, as during the Scilly naval disaster of 1707 which claimed the lives of nearly 2,000[3] sailors. This brought the problem of measuring longitude at sea into sharp focus once more. Following the Merchants and Seamen Petition, which called for finding an adequate solution and was presented to Westminster Palace in May 1714, the Longitude Act was passed in July 1714.

For details on many of the efforts towards determining the longitude, see History of longitude.

The rewards
Main article: Longitude rewards

The Longitude Act offered a series of rewards, rather than a single prize. The rewards increased with the accuracy achieved: £10,000 (worth over 1.33 million in 2016[4]) for anyone who could find a practical way of determining longitude at sea to an accuracy of not greater than one degree of longitude (equates to 60 nautical miles (110 km; 69 mi) at the equator). The reward was to be increased to £15,000 if the accuracy was not greater than 40 minutes, and further enhanced to £20,000 if the accuracy was not greater than half a degree.[5] Other rewards were on offer for those who presented methods that worked within 80 geographical miles of the coast (being the most treacherous part of voyages) and for those with promising ideas who needed help to bring them to readiness for trial. Many rewards were paid out over the 114 years of the Board of Longitude’s existence.[6] John Harrison received more money than any other individual, with several rewards from the 1730s-1750s, and £10,000 in 1765.

Subsequent Longitude Acts offered different rewards. That of 1767 held out £5,000 for improvements to Tobias Mayer’s lunar tables and that of 1774 halved the amount offered for any method or instrument achieving the degrees of precision outlined in the original Act (i.e. £5,000 for a degree, £7500 for 2/3 of a degree or £10,000 for 1/2 degree). The 1818 Longitude Act, which completely revised the composition and remit of the Board of Longitude, again changed the rewards, by now offered for improvements to navigation in general rather than simply for finding longitude. In addition, the Act outlined rewards for navigating the North West Passage, again on a sliding scale from £20,000 for reaching the Pacific through a north west passage to £5,000 for reaching 110 degrees west or 89 degrees north and £1000 for reaching 83 degrees north. In 1820 £5,000 was paid to the officers and crews of HMS Hecla (1815) and HMS Griper (1813) under this Act.[7][8]

Born On This Day

1897 – Marjorie Flack, American author and illustrator (d. 1958)
Marjorie Flack (22 October 1897 – August 29, 1958)[1][2] was an American artist and writer of children’s picture books. Flack was born in Greenport, Long Island, New York in 1897.[3] She was best known for The Story about Ping (1933), illustrated by Kurt Wiese, popularized by Captain Kangaroo,[1] and for her stories of an insatiably curious Scottish terrier named Angus, who was actually her dog. Her first marriage was to artist Karl Larsson; she later married poet William Rose Benét.

Her book Angus Lost was featured prominently in the movie Ask the Dust (2006), starring Colin Farrell and Salma Hayek, in which Farrell’s character teaches Hayek’s character, a Mexican, to read English using Flack’s book.

Marjorie Flack’s grandson, Tim Barnum, and his wife, Darlene Enix-Barnum, currently sponsor an annual creative writing award at Anne Arundel Community College. The award, called The Marjorie Flack Award for Fiction, consists of a $250 prize for the best short story or children’s storybook written by a current AACC student.

The Story about Ping, illustrated by Kurt Wiese
Ask Mr. Bear
Angus and the Ducks (1930)
Angus and the Cat
Angus Lost (1932)
The Country Bunny and the Little Gold Shoes (illustrator, 1939; with DuBose Heyward, writer)
Walter, the Lazy Mouse
Up In The Air, illustrated by Karl Larsson
The Boats on the River, illustrated by Jay Hyde Barnum
Wait for William
Lucky little Lena (c1937, published by The Macmillan Company, 1940)
Tim Tadpole and the Great Bullfrog
Neighbors on the Hill
The Restless Robin
Angus and Wagtail Bess
All around the town: The story of a boy in New York
Humphrey: One Hundred Years Along the Wayside with a Box Turtle
Angus and Topsy (First Published in Great Britain in 1935)

Caldecott Honor, for Boats on the River, 1947



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By Bill Chappell: Joachim Roenneberg, Who Sabotaged Nazis’ Nuclear Hopes, Dies At 99

By Katie McDonough: The Scariest Movies Ever Made, According to the Wikipedia Plot Summaries I Read Instead of Watching Them
By Kyle Mizokami: Why Soldiers Carry Heavier Loads Than Ever Before, and How the Army Is Fighting to Fix It
By George Dvorsky: Demand for Chocolate Labs Is Making Them Sick and Prone to Early Death
A woman and mother was murdered. A child was born with serious, debilitating health issues due to this murder. Fortunately the epic failure of humanity that brought all this about has decided not to be a part of the child’s life.
By Laura Wagner: Rae Carruth Has Been Released From Prison
By Randall Colburn: Podcasting’s getting its first major awards show, and here are the nominees
By Ben Halder: The Road to China’s Global 5G Domination Is Here

By Gary Price: Report: 11th Circuit Court of Appeals Rules State of Georgia Cannot Copyright State Code Annotations
The Eleventh Circuit ruled Friday that the state of Georgia cannot claim copyright ownership over annotations made to its official legal code, ruling that people should have “unfettered access to the legal edicts that govern their lives.”
Today’s email was written by Benji Jones with Akshat Rathi, edited by Jessanne Collins, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession: How lithium-ion batteries sparked a revolution
By Mike Elgan: Goodbye, Google+: A eulogy for the last great social network Fans long feared Google might one day give up the ghost town. Everybody else wondered: What took them so long?
By Ryan Holmes: 4 tips on how to succeed with Stories Are you ready for the “storification” of social media? Here are some best practices from successful early adopters.

By Eillie Anzilotti: Kids aren’t failing school–school is failing kids For many kids, what they learn in high school isn’t preparing them for success in college or in their career. A new report delves into how our education system is letting them down.
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCCXIX): A Wild West Ghost Town for Sale, Pumpkin Canoeing, Pink Greenwich Village ‘fixer-upper’ for sale and more ->









FYI October 21, 2018

On This Day

1959 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs an executive order transferring Wernher von Braun and other German scientists from the United States Army to NASA.

Operation Paperclip was the best description I could find right now
Operation Paperclip was a secret program of the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) largely carried out by Special Agents of Army CIC, in which more than 1,600 German scientists, engineers, and technicians, such as Wernher von Braun and his V-2 rocket team, were recruited, after the end of World War II, in Germany and taken to the U.S. for government employment, primarily between 1945 and 1959. Many were former members, and some were former leaders, of the Nazi Party.[1][2]

The primary purpose for Operation Paperclip was U.S. military advantage in the Soviet–American Cold War, and the Space Race. The Soviet Union were more aggressive in forcibly recruiting (at gunpoint) more than 2,200 German specialists—a total of more than 6,000 people including family members—with Operation Osoaviakhim during one night on October 22, 1946.[3]

The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) established the first secret recruitment program, called Operation Overcast, on July 20, 1945, initially “to assist in shortening the Japanese war and to aid our postwar military research”.[4] The term “Overcast” was the name first given by the German scientists’ family members for the housing camp where they were held in Bavaria.[5] In late summer 1945, the JCS established the JIOA, a subcommittee of the Joint Intelligence Community, to directly oversee Operation Overcast and later Operation Paperclip.[6] The JIOA representatives included the army’s director of intelligence, the chief of naval intelligence, the assistant chief of Air Staff-2 (air force intelligence), and a representative from the State Department.[7] In November 1945, Operation Overcast was renamed Operation Paperclip by Ordnance Corps (United States Army) officers, who would attach a paperclip to the folders of those rocket experts whom they wished to employ in America.[5]

In a secret directive circulated on September 3, 1946, President Truman officially approved Operation Paperclip and expanded it to include one thousand German scientists under “temporary, limited military custody”.[8][9][10]


Born On This Day

1911 – Mary Blair, American illustrator and animator (d. 1978)
Mary Blair (born Mary Browne Robinson; October 21, 1911 – July 26, 1978) was an American artist, animator, and designer. She was prominent in producing art and animation for The Walt Disney Company, drawing concept art for such films as Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan, Song of the South and Cinderella.[1] Blair also created character designs for enduring attractions such as Disneyland’s It’s a Small World, the fiesta scene in El Rio del Tiempo in the Mexico pavilion in Epcot’s World Showcase, and an enormous mosaic inside Disney’s Contemporary Resort. Several of her illustrated children’s books from the 1950s remain in print, such as I Can Fly by Ruth Krauss. Blair was inducted into the group of Disney Legends in 1991.




By Lee Goldberg: Remembering Tom Kakonis
Gastro Obscura Eileen Cho: Living off the Land in the Arctic Circle In Lapland, chefs and residents hunt and gather to make bear soup, lingonberry syrup, and reindeer.
JJ Luna: Surprise! I always leave a key under my front doormat!
When a burglar wants to break into your home, the first thing he may do is to search for a hidden key. After all, why break down the door if a key is available?

The first place he will look is under your doormat, if you have one. If there is no key there, he will look elsewhere–under a potted plant or among the rocks in a small garden. In my own case, a burglar will indeed find a key under my door mat. With it, he will attempt to unlock my front door. The key will not fit. He may pop around to the back door, thinking the key is for that door. It will not fit that one either.

Why not? The key is for the front door to our old home in Carson City, Nevada. We moved from there 25 years ago! So why do I do this? According to police, the average burglary takes place within 10 to 12 minutes. Time is being wasted! If during the day, he may decide to move on. If at night, bright security lights in my backyard will flash on!

On another subject, some friends keep bugging me to put a blog on my website and to post something on it every week. Actually, I used to have a blog but I quit it several years ago because it just seemed too difficult to come up with a new privacy tip every week.

However, this blog will be different. I’ll just post whatever comes to mind. This may include but will not to limited to security tips, advice to millennials, some new book I am reading, or my opinion as to the two absolutely vital things you should do when you retire.

I hope that at least some of you readers will like this idea. Later on, I may ask some of you for ideas about what subjects you would like to see once in awhile on this weekly blog. I may even invite a few of you readers to do a guest blog once in awhile, as long as it is on some subject that I feel is worthwhile.

Meanwhile, keep those applications for Wyoming LLCs coming! So far, all is going unusually well. I am currently bugging the people at Northwest to come up with new privacy ideas. One that I am working on is to offer–at a reasonable cost– a Wyoming telephone number along with a Wyoming ghost address. They are considering it. If you have any additional ideas about some service you would like to see offered, do let me know. My email is

Looking forward to your comments!

Jack Luna

P.S. I am currently working on an expanded version of “Alone and Afraid?”. The new title will be:

Make Your Home
a Safe Haven

Have you ever had someone break into your apartment or home? Or perhaps this happened to a friend? I ask, because I am looking for true experiences on how the burglar was able to enter. Was it through an unlocked door or an open window? Or was a door kicked in or a window smashed? Was an alarm system turned on? Was a dog inside?

I hope to get some interesting stories to use in the book. Names and locations will of course be changed in order to protect your privacy.

Zat Rana Design Luck Community Escaping The Two Foes of Happiness
Arthur Schopenhauer once suggested that human existence is a struggle that oscillates between pain and boredom. In this piece, I try to relate that to our current scientific understanding of emotions and conscious experience, suggesting a different solution than he did.

By Catie Keck: Mesmerizing Deep-Sea “Headless Chicken Monster” Filmed in the Southern Ocean

By Davey Winder: Royal Navy’s Biggest Warship, HMS Queen Elizabeth, In New York To Sink Cybersecurity Threats

By Gary Price: Fourth Annual WeDigBio (Worldwide Engagement for Digitizing Biocollections) International Transcription Event Now Underway
Two NerdyHistory Girls Breakfast Links Week of October 15, 2018: Rediscovering the black muses erased from art history. A Victorian guide to Cambridge student life. How the Romantic poets idolized 18thc Polish freedom-fighter (and veteran of the American Revolution) Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Land of the Livingstons: historic houses along the Hudson River. And more ->

Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Elizabeth Gilbert on Love, Loss, and How to Move Through Grief as Grief Moves Through You
Investigative Service Branch – FBI for our National Parks
By Sarah McDermott: My cheating boyfriend gave me HIV – here’s how I got justice
Philippe Padieu was convicted of six counts of aggravated assault with a deadly weapon – his bodily fluid – and sentenced to 45 years in prison.

Standing Strong: An Unlikely Sisterhood and the Court Case that Made History by Diane Reeve is published by Health Communications.
By T. J. Smith: Policing Alone Can’t Fix Baltimore, Says Former Face of the Force


By Hometalk Highlights: 15 Useful Tips For Covering Up Every Eyesore In Your Home Time to hide those terrible home blemish with these amazing hacks!
By ElkeMa: How to Write a Horror Story
By bekathwia: Free Online Knitting Class




By In The Kitchen With Matt: Easy Homemade Peanut Butter Cups



FYI October 20, 2018

On This Day

1818 – The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom, which settles the Canada–United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
The Convention respecting fisheries, boundary and the restoration of slaves between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, was an international treaty signed in 1818 between the above parties. Signed during the presidency of James Monroe, it resolved standing boundary issues between the two nations. The treaty allowed for joint occupation and settlement of the Oregon Country, known to the British and in Canadian history as the Columbia District of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and including the southern portion of its sister district New Caledonia.

The two nations agreed to a boundary line involving the 49th parallel north, in part because a straight-line boundary would be easier to survey than the pre-existing boundaries based on watersheds. The treaty marked both the United Kingdom’s last permanent major loss of territory in what is now the Continental United States and the United States’ only permanent significant cession of North American territory to a foreign power. Britain ceded all of Rupert’s Land south of the 49th parallel and east of the Continental Divide, including all of the Red River Colony south of that latitude, while the United States ceded the northernmost edge of the Missouri Territory north of the 49th parallel.



Born On This Day

1740 – Isabelle de Charrière, Dutch author and poet (d. 1805)
Isabelle de Charrière (20 October 1740 – 27 December 1805), known as Belle van Zuylen in the Netherlands, née Isabella Agneta Elisabeth van Tuyll van Serooskerken, and [Madame] Isabelle de Charrière elsewhere, was a Dutch writer of the Enlightenment who lived the latter half of her life in Colombier, Neuchâtel. She is now best known for her letters and novels, although she also wrote pamphlets, music and plays. She took a keen interest in the society and politics of her age, and her work around the time of the French Revolution is regarded as being of particular interest.







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Feel better in 45 seconds:

Here is a quick exercise to immediately help put you in a state of calmness:

– Close your eyes
– Take a deep breath in through your nose for about 6 seconds
– Breathe out gently through pursed lips for about 8 seconds & let it all go
– Repeat breathing exercise 3 times
– Realize that your inner peace is more important than worries you’re having right now. Calm mind is your superpower.
– Own your superpower & bring it with you wherever you go. If you feel need to recharge just pause & repeat exercise again.

We hope this helps!

Enjoy a blessed weekend and remember:

“Ships don’t sink because of the water around them; Ships sink because of the water that gets in them. Don’t let what’s happening around you get inside you and weigh you down.”


Shawn & Spencer
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Lit Hub Weekly: October 15 – 19, 2018







Quotes October 20, 2018

“For beautiful eyes, look for the good in others; for beautiful lips, speak only words of kindness; and for poise, walk with the knowledge that you are never alone.”
Audrey Hepburn
Our hearts are drunk with a beauty our eyes could never see.
George W. Russell
“Beauty is bought by judgment of the eye.”
William Shakespeare, Love’s Labours Lost, Act 2, Scene 1
“Beauty is not in the face; beauty is a light in the heart.”
Kahlil Gibran
“Some people, no matter how old they get, never lose their beauty – they merely move it from their faces into their hearts.”
Martin Buxbaum
“In every man’s heart there is a secret nerve that answers to the vibrations of beauty.”
Christopher Morley
“Beauty always promises, but never gives anything.”
Simone Weil
“Beauty and folly are generally companions.”
Baltasar Gracian
“Plainness has its peculiar temptations quite as much as beauty.”
George Eliot
“No object is so beautiful that, under certain conditions, it will not look ugly.”
Oscar Wilde
“It happens to everyone as they grow up. You find out who you are and what you want, and then you realize that people you’ve known forever don’t see things the way you do. So you keep the wonderful memories, but find yourself moving on.”
Nicholas Sparks
“You must make a decision that you are going to move on. It won’t happen automatically. You will have to rise up and say, ‘I don’t care how hard this is, I don’t care how disappointed I am, I’m not going to let this get the best of me. I’m moving on with my life.’”
Joel Osteen, ‘Your Best Life Now: 7 Steps to Living at Your Full Potential’
“Letting go doesn’t mean that you don’t care about someone anymore. It’s just realizing that the only person you really have control over is yourself.”
Deborah Reber, ‘Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul’
“Girls you’ve gotta know when it’s time to turn the page.”
Tori Amos, ‘Tori Amos: From the Choirgirl Hotel’
“It is important that we forgive ourselves for making mistakes. We need to learn from our errors and move on.”

“Poisonous relationships can alter our perception. You can spend many years thinking you’re worthless. But you’re not worthless. You’re underappreciated.”

“Letting go means to come to the realization that some people are a part of your history, but not a part of your destiny.”

“Cry. Forgive. Learn. Move on. Let your tears water the seeds of your future happiness.”
Steve Maraboli
“If you spend your time hoping someone will suffer the consequences for what they did to your heart, then you’re allowing them to hurt you a second time in your mind.”
Shannon L. Alder
“It’s better to be healthy alone than sick with someone else”
Phil McGraw
“We teach people how to treat us.”
Dr. Phil
When I was growing up, my parents told me, ‘Finish your dinner. People in China and India are starving.’ I tell my daughters, ‘Finish your homework. People in India and China are starving for your job.’
Thomas Friedman
Courtesy of theCHIVE
It’s weird to think that nighttime is the natural state of the universe and daytime is only caused by a nearby, radiating ball of flame.
If you run at 11pm you are a night person. If you run at 5am you are a morning person. If you run at 3am you are a suspicious person.
Knowledge is knowing that you can carry all of the groceries in at once. Wisdom is making multiple trips so that by the time you are done, other family members have put away most of the groceries.
The world would be a much thinner place if food was priced per calorie.
Your dog thinks “fetch” is a game that the two of you made up, and he loves you for that.
It’s a good thing dogs can’t use phones or they’d file missing persons reports all day long.
Dogs who grab the paper in the morning probably think they have a huge responsibility, and watching their owners read it afterwards must make them feel so great.
If you raise your children, you spoil your grandkids. If you spoil your children, you raise your grandkids.
It’s weird that being a good dad and great father are highly praised but little boys who play with baby dolls are made fun of.

FYI October 19, 2018

On This Day

439 – The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland. Some later moved in large numbers, including most notably the group which successively established kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula and then North Africa in the 5th century.[1]

The traditional view has been that the Vandals migrated from southern Scandinavia to the area between the lower Oder and Vistula rivers during the 2nd century BC and settled in Silesia from around 120 BC.[2][3][4] They are associated with the Przeworsk culture and were possibly the same people as the Lugii. Expanding into Dacia during the Marcomannic Wars and to Pannonia during the Crisis of the Third Century, the Vandals were confined to Pannonia by the Goths around 330 AD, where they received permission to settle from Constantine the Great. Around 400, raids by the Huns forced many Germanic tribes to migrate into the territory of the Roman Empire, and fearing that they might be targeted next the Vandals were pushed westwards, crossing the Rhine into Gaul along with other tribes in 406.[5] In 409 the Vandals crossed the Pyrenees into the Iberian Peninsula, where their main groups, the Hasdingi and the Silingi, settled in Gallaecia (northwest Iberia) and Baetica (south-central Iberia) respectively.[6]

After the Visigoths invaded Iberia in 418, the Iranian Alans and Silingi Vandals voluntarily subjected themselves to the rule of Hasdingian leader Gunderic, who was pushed from Gallaecia to Baetica by a Roman-Suebi coalition in 419. In 429, under king Genseric (reigned 428–477), the Vandals entered North Africa. By 439 they established a kingdom which included the Roman province of Africa as well as Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta and the Balearic Islands. They fended off several Roman attempts to recapture the African province, and sacked the city of Rome in 455. Their kingdom collapsed in the Vandalic War of 533–4, in which Emperor Justinian I’s forces reconquered the province for the Eastern Roman Empire.

Renaissance and early-modern writers characterized the Vandals as barbarians, “sacking and looting” Rome. This led to the use of the term “vandalism” to describe any senseless destruction, particularly the “barbarian” defacing of artwork. However, modern historians tend to regard the Vandals during the transitional period from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages as perpetuators, not destroyers, of Roman culture.[7]



Born On This Day

1605 – Thomas Browne, English physician and author (d. 1682)
Sir Thomas Browne (/braʊn/; 19 October 1605 – 19 October 1682) was an English polymath and author of varied works which reveal his wide learning in diverse fields including science and medicine, religion and the esoteric. Browne’s writings display a deep curiosity towards the natural world, influenced by the scientific revolution of Baconian enquiry. Browne’s literary works are permeated by references to Classical and Biblical sources as well as the idiosyncrasies of his own personality. Although often described as suffused with melancholia, his writings are also characterised by wit and subtle humour, while his literary style is varied, according to genre, resulting in a rich, unique prose which ranges from rough notebook observations to polished Baroque eloquence.




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Quotes October 19, 2018






FYI October 18, 2018

On This Day

1867 – United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
Alaska Day is a legal holiday in the U.S. state of Alaska, observed on October 18.[1] It is the anniversary of the formal transfer of the Territory of Alaska from Russia to the United States, which occurred on Friday, October 18, 1867.

On March 30, 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire for the sum of $7.2 million.[2] It was not until October of that year that the commissioners arrived in Sitka and the formal transfer was arranged. The formal flag-raising took place at Fort Sitka on October 18, 1867. The original ceremony included 250 uniformed U.S. soldiers, who marched to the governor’s house at “Castle Hill”. Here the Russian troops lowered the Russian flag and the U.S. flag was raised.[citation needed]

The official account of the affair as presented by General Lovell Rousseau to Secretary of State William H. Seward:

… The troops being promptly formed, were, at precisely half past three o’clock, brought to a ‘present arms’, the signal given to the Ossipee … which was to fire the salute, and the ceremony was begun by lowering the Russian flag … The United States flag … was properly attached and began its ascent, hoisted by my private secretary [and son], George Lovell Rousseau, and again salutes were fired as before, the Russian water battery leading off. The flag was so hoisted that in the instant it reached its place the report of the big gun of the Ossipee reverberated from the mountains around … Captain Pestchouroff stepped up to me and said, ‘General Rousseau, by authority from his Majesty the Emperor of Russia, I transfer to the United States the Territory of Alaska’ and in a few words I acknowledged the acceptance of the transfer, and the ceremony was at an end.”[1]

Due to the 11-hour time difference between Sitka and St. Petersburg, and the fact that Russia still used the Julian calendar, the date is sometimes given as Saturday, October 7.[citation needed]

Alaska’s territorial legislature declared Alaska Day a holiday in 1917. It is a paid holiday for state employees.[3][4] The official celebration is held in Sitka, where schools release students early, many businesses close for the day, and events such as a parade and reenactment of the flag raising are held.

It should not be confused with Seward’s Day, the last Monday in March, which commemorates the signing of the treaty for the Alaska Purchase in which the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia on March 30, 1867.[citation needed]

Alaska Day is protested[5] by Alaska Native people who view the holiday as an uncritical celebration of the violence used to take their land away[6][7] and a confirmation of colonial aggression.[8]

Born On This Day


1874 – Christine Murrell, English medical doctor, first female member of the British Medical Association’s Central Council (d. 1933)
Christine Mary Murrell (18 October 1874 – 18 October 1933)[1] was an English medical doctor. In 1924, she became the first female member of the British Medical Association’s Central Council.

Early life and education
Murrell was born in 1874 in Clapham, London. Her parents were Charles Murrell, a coal merchant, and Alice Elizabeth Rains.[1] She attended Clapham High School for Girls and the London School of Medicine for Women, receiving an MBBS in 1899.[2] She spent the beginning of her career in various positions in Northumberland and Liverpool before returning to London to work at the Royal Free Hospital,[1] where she was only the second woman to serve as a house physician.[3] In 1903, she established a private practice in Bayswater with her friend Elizabeth Honor Bone. Murrell received an MD in psychology and mental diseases from the University of London in 1905. From 1907, she led an infant welfare clinic run by the St Marylebone Health Society at Lisson Grove for 18 years.[1]


Murrell was also an activist for women’s rights, and was involved in the women’s suffrage movement before the First World War. During the war, she served in and became chair of the Women’s Emergency Corps. She gave public lectures on women’s health for 20 years at the London County Council, and in 1923 she published a series of lectures under the title Womanhood and Health. In 1925, she and Letitia Fairfield conducted a survey of girls’ experiences of menstruation; the findings were published in The Lancet in 1930.[1]

Murrell served on various committees of the British Medical Association, and in 1924 she became the first woman elected to its Central Council; she sat on the council for nine years, until her death.[2] She was the fifth president of the Medical Women’s Federation, from 1926 to 1928. In September 1933, she was the first female representative elected to the General Medical Council, but she died on 18 October 1933 before taking her seat.[1][3]


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FYI October 17, 2018

On This Day

2018 – Legalization of recreational use of cannabis in Canada.
The Cannabis Act[a] (also known as Bill C-45) is the law which legalized recreational cannabis use nationwide in Canada in combination with its companion legislation Bill C-46, An Act to Amend the Criminal Code.[2] The law is a milestone in the legal history of cannabis in Canada, alongside the 1923 prohibition.

The Act was passed by the House of Commons of Canada in late November 2017.[3] It was passed in the Senate of Canada on June 7, 2018, and the House accepted some Senate amendments and sent the bill back to the Senate on June 18.[4][5] The Senate then passed the final version of the bill on June 19,[6][7] and it received Royal Assent on June 21. Canada is the second country in the world to legalize recreational cannabis nationwide after Uruguay.


Born On This Day

1711 – Jupiter Hammon, American poet (d. 1806)
Jupiter Hammon (October 17, 1711 – before 1806) was a black poet who in 1761 became the first African-American writer to be published in the present-day United States. Additional poems and sermons were also published. Born into slavery, Hammon was never emancipated. He was living in 1790 at the age of 79, and died by 1806. A devout Christian, he is considered one of the founders of African-American literature.




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