Category: FYI

FYI

Quotes January 05, 2019

There can be no happiness if the things we believe in are different from the things we do.
Freya Stark,
explorer and writer
 
 
 
 
Every grain of experience is food for the greedy growing soul of the artist.
Anthony Burgess,
writer and composer
 
 
 
 
The secret of joy in work is contained in one word — excellence. To know how to do something well is to enjoy it.
Pearl S. Buck,
writer
 
 
 
 
Perhaps we cannot raise the winds. But each of us can put up the sail, so that when the wind comes we can catch it.
E.F. Schumacher,
economist
 
 
 
 
Too many people undervalue what they are and overvalue what they’re not.
Kushandwizdom
 
 
 
 
Pay more attention to what someone is doing than to what they are saying. Talk might thrill, but action reveals.
Mandy Hale
 
 
 
 
As long as you are standing, give a hand to those who have fallen.
Unknown
 
 
 
 
Some days you just have to create your own sunshine.
Anonymous
 
 
 
 
Truth is like a surgery. It huts but cures.
Lie is like a pain killer. It gives instant relief but has side effects forever.
Anonymous

FYI January 04, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1717 – The Netherlands, Great Britain, and France sign the Triple Alliance in an attempt to maintain the Treaty of Utrecht; Britain having signed a preliminary alliance with France on November 28 (November 17, 1716).
The Peace of Utrecht is a series of peace treaties signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht between April 1713 and February 1715.

Before Charles II of Spain died childless in 1700, he had named his grandnephew Philip as his successor. However, Philip was grandson of Louis XIV of France and also in line for the French throne, and the other major powers in Europe were not willing to tolerate the potential union of two such powerful states. Essentially, the treaties allowed Philip to take the Spanish throne in return for permanently renouncing his claim to the French throne, along with other necessary guarantees that would ensure that France and Spain should not merge, thus preserving the balance of power in Europe.

The treaties between several European states, including Spain, Great Britain, France, Portugal, Savoy and the Dutch Republic, helped end the war. The treaties were concluded between the representatives of Louis XIV of France and of his grandson Philip on one hand, and representatives of Anne of Great Britain, Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, John V of Portugal and the United Provinces of the Netherlands on the other. They marked the end of French ambitions of hegemony in Europe expressed in the wars of Louis XIV, and preserved the European system based on the balance of power.[1] British historian G. M. Trevelyan argues:

That Treaty, which ushered in the stable and characteristic period of Eighteenth-Century civilization, marked the end of danger to Europe from the old French monarchy, and it marked a change of no less significance to the world at large, — the maritime, commercial and financial supremacy of Great Britain.[2]

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Born On This Day

 
 
1900 – James Bond, American ornithologist and zoologist (d. 1989)
James Bond (January 4, 1900 – February 14, 1989) was an American ornithologist and expert on the birds of the Caribbean. His name was appropriated by writer Ian Fleming for his fictional British spy of the same name.

Life and career
Bond was born on January 4, 1900 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Margaret Reeves (Tyson) and Francis Edward Bond. His interest in natural history was spurred by an expedition his father undertook in 1911 to the Orinoco Delta. Bond was originally educated at St. Paul’s School in Concord, New Hampshire, but after the death of his mother he moved with his father to England in 1914. There he studied at Harrow and later Trinity College, Cambridge, where he obtained a B.A. in 1922 and was the sole American member of the Pitt Club.[1] After graduating he moved back to the United States and worked for a banking firm for three years in Philadelphia. An interest in natural history prompted him to quit and accept a place on an expedition to the Amazon run by the Academy of Natural Sciences.[2] Subsequently, he worked as an ornithologist at the Academy of Natural Sciences in that city, rising to become curator of ornithology there.[3] He was an expert in Caribbean birds and wrote the definitive book on the subject: Birds of the West Indies, first published in 1936.

Bond won the Institute of Jamaica’s Musgrave Medal in 1952;[3][4] the Brewster Medal of the American Ornithologists’ Union in 1954; and the Leidy Award of the Academy of Natural Sciences in 1975.[5] He died in the Chestnut Hill Hospital in Philadelphia at age 89.[3] He is interred in the church yard at Church of the Messiah in Gwynedd Valley, Pennsylvania. Bond is survived by his wife; a stepdaughter, Mary Eiseman, and six stepgrandchildren.

Fictional namesake
Main article: James Bond (literary character)

Ian Fleming, who was a keen bird watcher living in Jamaica, was familiar with Bond’s book, and chose the name of its author for the hero of Casino Royale in 1953, apparently because he wanted a name that sounded “as ordinary as possible”. Fleming wrote to the real Bond’s wife, “It struck me that this brief, unromantic, Anglo-Saxon and yet very masculine name was just what I needed, and so a second James Bond was born.” He also contacted the real James Bond about using his name in the books, and Bond replied to him, “Fine with it.” At some point during one of Fleming’s visits to Jamaica he met the real Bond and his wife, as shown in a made-for-DVD documentary about Fleming. A short clip was shown with Fleming, Bond and his wife. Also in his novel Dr. No Fleming referenced Bond’s work by basing a large ornithological sanctuary on Dr. No’s island in the Bahamas. In 1964, Fleming gave Bond a first edition copy of You Only Live Twice signed, “To the real James Bond, from the thief of his identity”. In December 2008 the book was put up for auction, eventually fetching $84,000 (£56,000).[6][7]

In the 2002 Bond film Die Another Day, the fictional Bond, played by Pierce Brosnan, can be seen examining Birds of the West Indies in an early scene that takes place in Havana, Cuba. The author’s name (James Bond) on the front cover is obscured. In the same film, when Bond first meets Jinx (Halle Berry), he introduces himself as an ornithologist. In the 2015 Bond film Spectre, the same book was seen in a promotional on-set photo, which is supposed to be appearing in an alternate take of a scene taking place in Bond’s Chelsea apartment.[8] However, it is nowhere to be found in the finalized film.

In the ITV Miss Marple murder mystery, A Caribbean Mystery, broadcast on 16 June 2013, Miss Marple meets Ian Fleming at a talk on “Birds of the West Indies”, given by James Bond. Before the talk begins, Fleming tells Miss Marple that he’s working on a new book, but trying to come up with a name for the character. When the speaker introduced himself, Fleming has a moment of inspiration and reaches for his notebook. The talk by the ornithologist James Bond is on guano which figures in the background and plot of the James Bond spy novel Dr. No.

 
 
 
 

FYI

 
 

By Gracy Olmstead – Obituary: Bre Payton
 
 
 
 
By Jackie Wattles: Herb Kelleher, Southwest Airlines founder, dies at 87

Herbert David Kelleher (March 12, 1931 – January 3, 2019) was an American businessman. He was the co-founder, CEO, and Chairman Emeritus of Southwest Airlines.

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
By Nina Golgowski: 14-Year-Old Driver Charged With Murder After Egg Prank Turns Deadly
 
 
 
 
By Elizabeth Werth: Lella Lombardi is the Only Woman to Ever Score Points in Formula One

Maria Grazia “Lella” Lombardi (26 March 1941 – 3 March 1992) was a racing driver from Italy.

Born in Frugarolo, Piedmont, she participated in 17 Formula One World Championship Grands Prix, debuting on 20 July 1974 and finishing her career with ​1⁄2 points. She is the only female Formula One driver in history to have a top six finish in a World Championship race, which she did at the 1975 Spanish Grand Prix[1] (Half points were awarded for this race due to a shortened race distance, hence Lombardi received half a point instead of the usual one point). As well as being the sole female driver to score points in Formula One, she is one of only two who qualified for a Formula One race (the other being compatriot Maria Teresa de Filippis) and the only driver with that career total.[2]

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
Just A Car Guy: showing the customers just how well engineered your cars are, ought to be a matter of pride for car companies. But few have a crashed car in the showroom… Toyota is rightfully proud to show their customers how well a Camry holds up when sandwiched between semis
 
 
 
 
Gary Price: New Journal Article: “Exploring PubMed as a Reliable Resource for Scholarly Communications Services”, Roundup (January 4, 2018) and more ->

 
 
 
 
By Jacqueline Howard: Link between social media and depression stronger in teen girls than boys, study says
 
 
 
 
By Mike Elgin: People are falling off buildings in search of the perfect Instagram shot
 
 
 
 
David Sherry Creative Caffeine: 2018, What We Covered
 
 
 
 
By Eugene S. Robinson: The Future of Music, Where Middlemen Have Met Their Match
Why you should care
Because eight tracks were really once a really big thing.

 
 
By Zara Stone: Finding Your Inner Doctor: The Rise of New-Age DIY Tools
Why you should care
From Pap smears and UTI tests to tracking fertility, a growing band of DIY health care startups want to save you the trouble of seeing a doctor. But is that good?

 
 
 
 
Today’s email was written by Lucas Reilly, edited by Whet Moser, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession: Moon Rocks
 
 
 
 
Adina Mayo: Honest Review Madison Reed Haircolor
 
 
 
 
Open Culture Josh Jones: 11,000 Digitized Books From 1923 Are Now Available Online at the Internet Archive
 
 
 
 
The Rural Blog: Series explores rural water quality in Upper Midwest Journalists from Iowa to Ohio are urged to apply by Feb. 1 for free environmental reporting workshop March 7-8 Interior Dept. wants to make FOIA requests more difficult Democrats who are now running the House Agriculture Committee circulate their list of priorities for 2019 Rural newspaper lobby tells feds: Don’t move ads required for migrant labor from dailies to internet; run in weeklies
 
 
 
 
Week In Weird Martin Nelson – Hellier: Documentary Investigates Kentucky Goblins, UFO Sightings, and High Strangeness in the Heart of Coal Country
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Rob & Courtney M, Hometalk Team HometalkerBrooklyn, NY: Stain Remover Made From Household Items
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 


 
 

 
 

FYI January 03, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1959 – Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. state.
Alaska (/əˈlæskə/ (About this soundlisten); Aleut: Alax̂sxax̂; Inupiaq: Alaskaq; Russian: Аляска, translit. Alyaska) is a U.S. state in the northwest extremity of North America. The Canadian administrative divisions of British Columbia and Yukon border the state to the east, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, and it has a maritime border with Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug) to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—the southern parts of the Arctic Ocean. The Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. It is the largest state in the United States by area and the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the 3rd least populous and the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States; nevertheless, it is by far the most populous territory located mostly north of the 60th parallel in North America: its population—estimated at 738,432 by the United States Census Bureau in 2015[5]— is more than quadruple the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Approximately half of Alaska’s residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska’s economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, and oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are also a significant part of the economy.

The United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for 7.2 million U.S. dollars at approximately two cents per acre ($4.74/km2). The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912. It was admitted as the 49th state of the U.S. on January 3, 1959.[6]

Read more ->

Born On This Day

 
 
1793 – Lucretia Mott, American activist (d. 1880)
Lucretia Mott (née Coffin; January 3, 1793 – November 11, 1880) was a U.S. Quaker, abolitionist, women’s rights activist, and social reformer. She had formed the idea of reforming the position of women in society when she was amongst the women excluded from the World Anti-Slavery Convention in 1840. In 1848 she was invited by Jane Hunt to a meeting that led to the first meeting about women’s rights. Mott helped write the Declaration of Sentiments during the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention.

Her speaking abilities made her an important abolitionist, feminist, and reformer. When slavery was outlawed in 1865, she advocated giving former slaves who had been bound to slavery laws within the boundaries of the United States, whether male or female, the right to vote. She remained a central figure in the abolition and suffrage movement until her death in 1880.

Mott was a Quaker preacher early in her adulthood.

Read more ->
 
 
 
 

FYI

By Peter Sblendorio: Pegi Young, singer and ex-wife of Neil Young, dead at 66 after cancer battle

Margaret “Pegi” Young[1] (née Morton; December 1, 1952 – January 1, 2019)[2] was an American singer-songwriter, environmentalist, educator and philanthropist.

Her debut as a singer came in 1983 when she was a member of The Pinkettes, the backing vocalists of Neil Young’s Rock-a Billy Shocking Pinks tour. In 1994 she made her first nationwide TV appearance at the Academy Awards, singing backup on the song “Philadelphia”, composed by her husband.[3]

Read more ->
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
By HILLEL ITALIE: Daryl Dragon, Captain of Captain & Tennille, dead at 76

Daryl Frank Dragon (August 27, 1942 – January 2, 2019)[2] was an American musician and songwriter, known as Captain from the pop musical duo Captain & Tennille with his then wife, Toni Tennille.[3]

Read more ->

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
By Erik Pedersen: Bob Einstein Dies: ‘Curb Your Enthusiasm’ Actor Who Also Played Super Dave Osborne Was 76

Stewart Robert Einstein (November 20, 1942 – January 2, 2019) was an American actor, comedy writer and producer. He was known for creating and performing the satirical stuntman character Super Dave Osborne. Einstein was also known for his roles as Marty Funkhouser in Curb Your Enthusiasm and Larry Middleman on Arrested Development.

Einstein got his start as a writer on several television variety shows, including The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour and The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour. Einstein won two Emmy Awards as a writer and was nominated four other times. He also won a CableACE Award for acting as Super Dave, along with five other nominations.

Einstein was the older brother of fellow actor and comedian Albert Brooks.

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
By Brian Kahn: I Dug a Green Grave and Learned the Truth About the Dirty Death Industry
 
 
 
 
By Laura M. Browning: Full tank of gas and a ’69 Tempest: An hour of great mainstream country from the ’80s and ’90s
 
 
 
 
By Dan Neilan: Finally, a tool allows you to create endless hypothetical 2020 elections
 
 
 
 
By Clio Chang: Would You Give Up Internet to Make $130,000 Living Like a Haunted Lighthouse Keeper?
The successful candidates will be a couple, one of whom must possess a Coast Guard commercial boat operator’s license,” the not-for-profit which operates the location wrote in a press release. “They will operate the five-room inn, serving both dinner and breakfast, as well as providing ferry service for guests and all other tasks from chef to maid. High quality culinary experience and capability will be a critical qualification. The inn is open four days a week, and the island is also available for day use and special events. The new keepers will start in mid-April 2019, allowing two weeks for training.
 
 
 
 
By Brian Merchant: The Biggest Sign Yet That Automation Is Taking Over at Amazon
 
 
 
 
By Kristen Lee: Shooting a Car with a Polarizer Changed My Life
 
 
 
 
Seems like a lot of effort for small payout–maybe this is the “trial run” for something larger?
By David Tracy: Highway Thieves in Italy Block Police With Burning Trucks, Peel Open Van With Backhoe, Get Away With $2.6 Million
 
 
 
 
Muck Rack: Funny and sharp and sad all at once
It’s that time again! Muck Rack is looking for guest contributors to write for the Muck Rack Blog. In 2018, we published nearly 200 posts, many from guest contributors. Interested in writing for us in 2019? Find out what we’re looking for and how to pitch us here: Write for Muck Rack in 2019: We’re looking for guest contributors!
 
 
 
 
By Deborah Byrd: China’s Chang’e-4 lands on moon’s far side
 
 
 
 
By Anne Burke: Calif. couple has turned their land into a living museum
 
 
 
 
By John E. Dunn: SOPHOS: US newspapers battle ransomware
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: How 5G networks could help rural America
 
 
By heather Chapman: ‘The good, the bad and the ugly’ of the 2018 Farm Bill
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Fight over recreational cannabis heats up in New Hampshire
“House Speaker Steve Shurtleff, a Democrat, said the chamber would have the votes to override a Sununu veto, and he predicted the Senate would, too. He said the governor should quit fighting and spend the next few months working with lawmakers on how best to regulate the drug,” Martin reports.
 
 
 
 
Open Culture Josh Jones: An Illustrated and Interactive Dante’s Inferno: Explore a New Digital Companion to the Great 14th-Century Epic Poem
 
 
Open Culture DC: Safety Last, the 1923 Movie Featuring the Most Iconic Scene from Silent Film Era, Just Went Into the Public Domain
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Rebecca at Soap Deli News Blog: 5 Worthy & Doable Goals for the New Year, Homemade Beauty Recipes: The Most Loved Recipes from the Past Year and more ->
 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 10 Things Pro Organizers Keep In Their Pantry All Year Long
 
 
By JackmanWorks: Building a Life-Size Nutcracker (that Can Crack Coconuts!)
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 


 
 

 
 

FYI January 02, 2019

On This Day

 
 
366 – The Alemanni cross the frozen Rhine in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.[2]
The Alemanni (also Alamanni;[1] Suebi “Swabians”[2]) were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the Upper Rhine River. First mentioned by Cassius Dio in the context of the campaign of Caracalla of 213, the Alemanni captured the Agri Decumates in 260, and later expanded into present-day Alsace, and northern Switzerland, leading to the establishment of the Old High German language in those regions, by the eighth century named Alamannia.[3]

In 496, the Alemanni were conquered by Frankish leader Clovis and incorporated into his dominions. Mentioned as still pagan allies of the Christian Franks, the Alemanni were gradually Christianized during the seventh century. The Lex Alamannorum is a record of their customary law during this period. Until the eighth century, Frankish suzerainty over Alemannia was mostly nominal. After an uprising by Theudebald, Duke of Alamannia, though, Carloman executed the Alamannic nobility and installed Frankish dukes. During the later and weaker years of the Carolingian Empire, the Alemannic counts became almost independent, and a struggle for supremacy took place between them and the Bishopric of Constance. The chief family in Alamannia was that of the counts of Raetia Curiensis, who were sometimes called margraves, and one of whom, Burchard II, established the Duchy of Swabia, which was recognized by Henry the Fowler in 919 and became a stem duchy of the Holy Roman Empire.

The area settled by the Alemanni corresponds roughly to the area where Alemannic German dialects remain spoken, including German Swabia and Baden, French Alsace, German-speaking Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Austrian Vorarlberg.

The French language name of Germany, Allemagne, is derived from their name, from Old French aleman(t),[4] from French loaned into a number of other languages.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1898 – Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander, American economist and lawyer (d. 1989)
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander (January 2, 1898 – November 1, 1989), was the first African-American woman to receive a Ph.D. in economics in the United States (1921), and the first woman to receive a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania Law School. She was the first African-American woman to practice law in Pennsylvania.[1] She was the first national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, serving from 1919 to 1923.[2][3]

In 1946 she was appointed to the President’s Committee on Civil Rights established by Harry Truman. She was the first African-American woman appointed as Assistant City Solicitor for the City of Philadelphia. She and her husband were both active in civil rights. In 1952 she was appointed to the city’s Commission on Human Relations, serving through 1968. She was President of John F. Kennedy Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law (1963).

Read more ->
 
 
 
 

FYI

 
 
CBS Boston: WBZ Radio Traffic Reporter, Actor Joe Stapleton Dies
 
 
 
 
By Randall Colburn: R.I.P. WWE personality and legendary interviewer “Mean” Gene Okerlund

Eugene Arthur Okerlund (December 19, 1942 – January 2, 2019)[3] also known by his ring name “Mean” Gene Okerlund, was an American professional wrestling interviewer, announcer and wrestler. He was best known for his work in the World Wrestling Federation and World Championship Wrestling. Gene was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2006 by Hulk Hogan. He was signed to a lifetime contract with WWE and worked for promotional programs, mostly WWE Network programming and occasionally TV.

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
By Jake Buehler: The Scientists Who Brave Angry Hawk Parents, Wasps and 80-Foot-Falls to Save Endangered Chicks
 
 
 
 
By Matt Novak: Technology, Ranked
 
 
 
 
By Ken Saito: There’s a Twisting Mountain Road Hiding Inside Japan’s Biggest City
 
 
 
 
If the towed vehicle is in “P” (park) with the parking/emergency brake engaged will the wheels still spin this easily?~
By Elizabeth Werth: Aggrieved Tesla Owners Can Just Tow Trucks Blocking The Supercharger Stations
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: 2019 Predictions and more ->
 
 
 
 
Colossal: Watch a Conservator Delicately Remove Murky Varnish and a Warped Wooden Panel From an Aging Painting, Time-Lapse Photographs Capture Swarms of Airplane Lights as They Streak Across the Night Sky and more->
 
 
 
 
Today’s email was written by Natasha Frost, edited by Jessanne Collins, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession: Sumo Wrestlilng
 
 
 
 
Carhunter: RACE CARS IN MANHATTAN,OLD IRON AROUND AMERICA,BEVERLY HILLBILLIES,DODGE GRANADA AND KOMMUNIST KUSTOMS!
 
 
 
 
Alaska Institute of Oriental Medicine, Acupuncture & Massage Therapy: 5 Element Theory
 
 
 
 
By Christine Cube: Blogger Conferences Top Events to Attend in January
 
 
 
 

By Rita Liao: FCC greenlights Google’s radar-based gesture tech ‘Soli’
 
 
 
 
By Eric Bowman: The five most addictive substances in the world
 
 
 
 
By David K. Li: Boy, 14, faces a murder charge after egg-throwing prank in Houston ends in fatal crash
A 14-year-old boy was arrested and faces a murder charge in Houston after an alleged egg-throwing prank sparked a chase that ended in the death of a motorist, authorities said Wednesday.

The incident began with the suspect —allegedly behind the wheel of a GMC Acadia SUV, with two other juvenile passengers inside — throwing eggs at passing cars on Tuesday afternoon, authorities said.

A driver in one of the egged cars allegedly flashed a semi-automatic handgun at the boys and chased them, officials said.

The fleeing teens drove through a red light and slammed into a Ford pickup truck, killing its female driver, Harris County Sheriff Ed Gonzalez tweeted.
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Camp Fire clean-up stalls amid local disagreements over where to dump rubble from demolished town of Paradise
 
 
 
 
The Bohemian Blog: Holidays in Abkhazia
 
 
 
 
David Sherry Creative Caffeine: The Hidden Cost of Growth Hacks
 
 
 
 

Adina Mayo: 2019 Word of the Year
 
 
 
 
James Clear: My 2018 Annual Review
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: How the Inventor of Dynamite Alfred Nobel Created the Nobel Prize, 450+ Movie Scenes Where Actors Break the Fourth Wall Presented in Two Big Supercuts, A 3D Animated History of Paris: Take a Visual Journey from Ancient Times to the World’s Fair of 1889 More ->
 
 
 
 
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCCXXXIV): An artist’s interpretation of how iconic faces would look if they fit 2018’s beauty standards, Bass Reeves (1838 – 1910), the first black deputy Marshall west of the Mississippi River, The game that randomly drops you (via Google Streetview) anywhere in the world and challenges you to guess where it is and more ->
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 30 Reasons Why You Should Be Buying Extra Rolls Of Foil
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 


 
 

 
 

FYI January 01, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1772 – The first traveler’s cheques, which could be used in 90 European cities, were issued by the London Credit Exchange Company.[16]
A traveler’s cheque[a] is a medium of exchange that can be used in place of hard currency. They can be denominated in one of a number of major world currencies and are preprinted, fixed-amount cheques designed to allow the person signing it to make an unconditional payment to someone else as a result of having paid the issuer for that privilege.

They were generally used by people on vacation in foreign countries instead of cash, as many businesses used to accept traveler’s cheques as currency. The incentive for merchants and other parties to accept them lay in the fact that as long as the original signature (which the buyer is supposed to place on the cheque in ink as soon as they receive the cheque) and the signature made at the time the cheque is used are the same, the cheque’s issuer will unconditionally guarantee payment of the face amount even if the cheque was fraudulently issued, stolen, or lost. This means that a traveler’s cheque can never ‘bounce’ unless the issuer goes bankrupt and out of business. If a traveler’s cheque were lost or stolen, it can be replaced by the issuing financial institution.

The financial institutions issuing traveler’s cheques earn income in a number of ways. Firstly, they would charge a fee on sale of such cheques. In addition, they can earn interest for the period that the cheques are uncashed, while not paying any interest to the cheque holder, making them effectively interest-free loans. Also, the foreign exchange rate commonly used on traveler’s cheques (generally based on rates applicable at the time of purchase) is less favourable compared to other forms of obtaining foreign currency, especially those on credit card transactions (which use a rate applicable at the statement date). On the other hand, the set up cost and the cost of issuing and processing traveler’s cheques is much higher than for credit card transactions. The cheque issuer carries the exchange rate risk, and would normally pay a fee to hedge against the risk.

Their use has been in decline since the 1990s, when a variety of more convenient alternatives, such as credit cards, debit cards, pre-paid currency cards and automated teller machines, became more widely available and were easier for travelers to use. Traveler’s cheques are no longer widely accepted and cannot easily be cashed, even at the banks that issued them. The alternatives to traveler’s cheques were generally cheaper and more flexible. Travel money cards offer similar features to traveler’s cheques, including prepurchase of foreign currency at rates applicable at date of purchase, but offer greater ease and flexibility, such as use like a regular credit card, no need to get change in a local currency, besides other features.

Read more->
 
 

1773 – The hymn that became known as “Amazing Grace”, then titled “1 Chronicles 17:16–17” is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, Buckinghamshire, England.[17]
“Amazing Grace” is a Christian hymn published in 1779, with words written by the English poet and Anglican clergyman John Newton (1725–1807).

Newton wrote the words from personal experience. He grew up without any particular religious conviction, but his life’s path was formed by a variety of twists and coincidences that were often put into motion by others’ reactions to what they took as his recalcitrant insubordination. He was pressed (conscripted) into service in the Royal Navy, and after leaving the service, he became involved in the Atlantic slave trade. In 1748, a violent storm battered his vessel off the coast of County Donegal, Ireland, so severely that he called out to God for mercy, a moment that marked his spiritual conversion. He continued his slave trading career until 1754 or 1755, when he ended his seafaring altogether and began studying Christian theology.

Ordained in the Church of England in 1764, Newton became curate of Olney, Buckinghamshire, where he began to write hymns with poet William Cowper. “Amazing Grace” was written to illustrate a sermon on New Year’s Day of 1773. It is unknown if there was any music accompanying the verses; it may have simply been chanted by the congregation. It debuted in print in 1779 in Newton and Cowper’s Olney Hymns but settled into relative obscurity in England. In the United States, however, “Amazing Grace” was used extensively during the Second Great Awakening in the early 19th century. It has been associated with more than 20 melodies, but in 1835 it was joined to a tune named “New Britain” to which it is most frequently sung today.

With the message that forgiveness and redemption are possible regardless of sins committed and that the soul can be delivered from despair through the mercy of God, “Amazing Grace” is one of the most recognisable songs in the English-speaking world. Author Gilbert Chase writes that it is “without a doubt the most famous of all the folk hymns”,[1] and Jonathan Aitken, a Newton biographer, estimates that it is performed about 10 million times annually.[2] It has had particular influence in folk music, and has become an emblematic African American spiritual. Its universal message has been a significant factor in its crossover into secular music. “Amazing Grace” saw a resurgence in popularity in the U.S. during the 1960s and has been recorded thousands of times during and since the 20th century, occasionally appearing on popular music charts.

Read more ->

 
 

Born On This Day

 
 
1859 – Michael Joseph Owens, American inventor (d. 1923)[121]

Michael Joseph Owens (January 1, 1859 – December 27, 1923) was an inventor of machines to automate the production of glass bottles.[1]

Biography
He was born in Mason County, West Virginia on January 1, 1859. He left school at the age of 10 to start a glassware apprenticeship at J. H. Hobbs, Brockunier and Company in Wheeling, West Virginia.
A ten-arm owens automatic bottle machine, ca. 1910, photo by Jacob Riis

In 1888 he moved to Toledo, Ohio and worked for the Toledo Glass Factory owned by Edward Drummond Libbey. He was later promoted to foreman and then to supervisor. He formed the Owens Bottle Machine Company in 1903. His machines could produce glass bottles at a rate of 240 per minute, and reduce labor costs by 80%.[2]

Owens and Libbey entered into a partnership and the company was renamed the Owens Bottle Company in 1919. In 1929 the company merged with the Illinois Glass Company to become the Owens-Illinois Glass Company.[3][4]

He died on December 27, 1923.[5]

Patents
U.S. Patent 534,840 Apparatus for blowing glass
U.S. Patent 548,587 Machine for blowing glass
U.S. Patent 548,588 Machine for blowing glass
U.S. Patent 766,768 Glass Shaping Machine
U.S. Patent 774,690 Glass Shaping Machine

 
 

FYI

 
 
By Anna Beahm: Alabama-born Ray Sawyer of Dr. Hook dead at 81

Ray Sawyer (February 1, 1937 – December 31, 2018)[1] was an American singer and vocalist with the 1970s rock band, Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show.[2] Though primarily a backing vocalist and occasional percussionist on congas or maracas, he sang lead on their hit song “The Cover of Rolling Stone” and was a recognisable presence in the band owing to the eyepatch and cowboy hat he wore. He was also the uncle of the vocalist of Wild Fire, Zack Sawyer.
Personal life

Sawyer lost his right eye in a 1967 automobile accident. He said the following about his life around the time of his accident: “I must have played all the clubs from Houston to Charleston until I decided I was going insane from too much beans and music, and I gave it up. I saw a John Wayne movie and proceeded to Portland, Oregon, to be a logger complete with plaid shirt, caulk boots, and pike pole. On the way my car slipped on the road and the accident left me with the eye patch I now wear. When I recovered I ran straight back to the beans and music and vowed, ‘here I’ll stay’.”[3] Dr. Hook had many hit singles such as “Sylvia’s Mother”, “The Cover of Rolling Stone”, “A Little Bit More”, “Only Sixteen”, “Walk Right In”, “Sharing the Night Together”, “When You’re in Love with a Beautiful Woman”, “Better Love Next Time”, “Sexy Eyes”, “Girls Can Get It”, and “Baby Makes Her Bluejeans Talk”.

From 1988 to October 2015, Sawyer toured the nostalgia circuit as “Dr. Hook featuring Ray Sawyer,” under license from bandmate Dennis Locorriere, who tours separately and owns the Dr. Hook trademark.[4] Sawyer retired in 2015 and died after a short illness, aged 81 in December 2018.[5]
 
 
 
 
Vector’s World: Sparring partners, On the road, Falkirk Wheel and more->
 
 
 
 
By David Nield: Some Notable Mobile Phone Firsts in History
 
 
 
 
By Erik Shilling: Europe’s 8×8 Truck Trials Never Cease to Be Mesmerizing
 
 
 
 
Word Wenches Wenchly News
 
 
 
 
By Joe Berkowitz: 105 new movies, TV shows, albums, and books you must check out this month
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: Confetti Collector, 2019 Food Festivals, Art Park and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Mark Kaufman: Queen rockstar unleashes badass space song about mysterious world of Ultima Thule
 
 
 
 
By Associated Press: Washington bans anyone under 21 from buying assault rifles The new measure, which was approved by voters in November, is being challenged in court by gun-rights advocates.
 
 
 
 
By Khrista – Imagine this; you’re walking down the street minding your own business when all of a sudden a car slips on the ice, slides through the intersection ..
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Jonny Builds: How to Burn & Stain Wood Aka Shou Sugi Ban
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 


 
 

 
 

FYI December 31, 2018

On This Day

 
 
1759 – Arthur Guinness signs a 9,000 year lease at £45 per annum and starts brewing Guinness.
Guinness (/ˈɡɪnɪs/) is an Irish dry stout that originated in the brewery of Arthur Guinness at St. James’s Gate, Dublin, Ireland, in 1759. It is one of the most successful beer brands worldwide, brewed in almost 50 countries and available in over 120. [1][2] Sales in 2011 amounted to 850 million litres (220,000,000 US gal).[1]

Guinness’ ‘burnt’ flavour derives from malted barley and roasted unmalted barley, a relatively modern development, not becoming part of the grist until the mid-20th century. For many years, a portion of aged brew was blended with freshly brewed beer to give a sharp lactic acid flavour. Although Guinness’s palate still features a characteristic “tang”, the company has refused to confirm whether this type of blending still occurs. The draught beer’s thick, creamy head comes from mixing the beer with nitrogen and carbon dioxide.[3] It is popular with the Irish, both in Ireland and abroad. In spite of declining consumption since 2001,[4] it is still the best-selling alcoholic drink in Ireland[5][6] where Guinness & Co. Brewery makes almost €2 billion worth of the beverage annually.

The company moved its headquarters to London at the beginning of the Anglo-Irish Trade War in 1932. In 1997, Guinness plc merged with Grand Metropolitan to form the multinational alcoholic drinks producer Diageo.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1805 – Marie d’Agoult, German-French historian and author (d. 1876)
Marie Catherine Sophie, Comtesse d’Agoult (31 December 1805 – 5 March 1876), was a French romantic author, known also by her pen name, Daniel Stern.

Life
Marie was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, as Marie Catherine Sophie de Flavigny, the daughter of Alexander Victor François, Vicomte de Flavigny (1770–1819), a footloose émigré French aristocrat, and his wife Maria Elisabeth Bethmann (1772–1847), a German banker’s daughter. The young Marie spent her early years in Germany and completed her education in a French convent after the Bourbon Restoration.

She entered into an early marriage of convenience with Charles Louis Constant d’Agoult, Comte d’Agoult (1790–1875) on 16 May 1827, thereby becoming the Comtesse d’Agoult. They had two daughters, Louise (1828–1834) and Claire (1830–1912). They were divorced on 19 August 1835.

From 1835 to 1839, she lived with virtuoso pianist and composer Franz Liszt, who was six years younger, and was then a rising concert star. She became close to Liszt’s circle of friends, including Frédéric Chopin, who dedicated his 12 Études, Op. 25 to her (his earlier set of 12 Études, Op. 10 had been dedicated to Liszt). Liszt’s “Die Lorelei”, one of his very first songs, based on text by Heinrich Heine, was also dedicated to her. D’Agoult had three children with Liszt; however, she and Liszt did not marry, maintaining their independent views and other differences while Liszt was busy composing and touring throughout Europe.

Family
Their children were:

Blandine (1835–1862), who was the first wife of future French prime minister Émile Ollivier but died at the age of 26
Cosima (1837–1930), who first married pianist and conductor Hans von Bülow and then composer Richard Wagner, and
Daniel (1839–1859), who was already a promising pianist and gifted scholar when he died of tuberculosis.

In 1876, she died in Paris, aged 70, and was buried in Division 54 of Père Lachaise Cemetery.

Legacy
She was portrayed by Geneviève Page in the 1960 film Song Without End, opposite Dirk Bogarde as Liszt, by Klara Luchko in the 1970 film Szerelmi álmok – Liszt, by Fiona Lewis in the 1975 Ken Russell film Lisztomania, opposite Roger Daltrey as Liszt, and by Bernadette Peters in the 1991 James Lapine film Impromptu, which last dramatized encounters between d’Agoult, Liszt (Julian Sands), Chopin (Hugh Grant), and George Sand (Judy Davis).

Works
Her first stories (Hervé, Julien, and Valentia) were published in 1841-1845. Her best-known work (written as “Daniel Stern”) is the Histoire de la révolution de 1848 (appearing from 1850–53, in 3 volumes). D’Agoult’s other works include the novel Nélida (1846), Lettres Républicaines in Esquisses morales et politiques (1849, collected articles), Trois journées de la vie de Marie Stuart (1856), Florence et Turin (1862), Histoire des commencements de la république aux Pays-Bas (1872), “A Catholic Mother Speaks to Her Children” (1906, posthumously), and Mes souvenirs (1877, posthumously).

See also
List of works by Henri Chapu

Further reading
Cronin, Vincent. Four Women in Pursuit of an Ideal. London: Collins, 1965; also published as The Romantic Way. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966.
Stock-Morton, Phyllis. The life of Marie d’Agoult, alias Daniel Stern. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8018-6313-9.
 
 
 
 

FYI

 
 
Open Culture Ayun Halliday: 10 Rules for Appreciating Art by Sister Wendy Beckett (RIP), the Nun Who Unexpectedly Popularized Art History on TV

Wendy Beckett (25 February 1930 – 26 December 2018), better known as Sister Wendy, was a British religious sister,[1] hermit, consecrated virgin and art historian[2] who became well known internationally during the 1990s when she presented a series of BBC television documentaries on the history of art.[3] Her programmes, such as Sister Wendy’s Odyssey and Sister Wendy’s Grand Tour, often drew a 25 percent share of the British viewing audience.[4] In 1997, Sister Wendy made her US debut on public television and that same year The New York Times described her as “a sometime hermit who is fast on her way to becoming the most unlikely and famous art critic in the history of television.”[1]

Read more ->

 
 
 
 
By Cedric Jackson: Rescue Parrot Hates People Until Adoptive Mom Finds Most Touching Way To Make Him Feel Safe
 
 
 
 
By Michael Ballaban: How the Soviet Union Once Built the Noisiest Airliner in the World out of a Nuclear Bomber
 
 
 
 
By Raphael Orlove: There’s Finally a Song About Dollar Vans and It Slaps
 
 
 
 
By Tom McKay: Desperately Horny Australian Cane Toads Ride Snake Train to Sex Town
 
 
 
 
By Shelby Copeland, CNN: Fisherman finds a bundle of suspected cocaine in Florida Keys
 
 
 
 
By Savannah Tanbusch Blog Profiles: Diving Blogs
 
 
 
 
By David Nield: How to Set Up Your iPad to Be the Best Laptop Replacement It Can Be
 
 
 
 
By Rachel Campbell: 17 “can’t hear, can’t speak, can’t see” music memes you need to see
 
 
 
 
World welcomes 2019 with fireworks and festivities
 
 
By NBC: Livestream: New Year’s 2019 celebrations around the world
 
 
By CBS: New Year’s Eve around the world
 
 
 
 
By Keith Speights: 5 Safe Marijuana Stocks for 2019
 
 
 
 
Maybe GM could build something like this for a reasonable price for consumers?
By Jeff Lavery: 4WD Campervan: 1993 Toyota HiAce
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Kara: Our Top Cleaning Tricks and Hacks of 2018
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 


 
 

 
 

FYI December 30, 2018

On This Day

 
 
1853 – Gadsden Purchase: The United States buys land from Mexico to facilitate railroad building in the Southwest.
The Gadsden Purchase (known in Mexico as Spanish: Venta de La Mesilla, “Sale of La Mesilla”[2]) is a 29,670-square-mile (76,800 km2) region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that the United States purchased via a treaty that took effect on June 8, 1854. The first draft was signed on December 30, 1853, by James Gadsden, U.S. ambassador to Mexico, and by Antonio López de Santa Anna, president of Mexico.[1] The U.S. Senate voted in favor of ratifying it with amendments on April 25, 1854, and then transmitted it to President Franklin Pierce. Mexico’s government and its General Congress or Congress of the Union took final approval action on June 8, 1854, when the treaty took effect. The purchase was the last substantial territorial acquisition in the contiguous United States. The U.S. sought the land as a better route for the construction of the southern transcontinental railway line, and the financially-strapped government of Santa Anna agreed to the sale, which netted Mexico $10 million (equivalent to $270 million in 2017[3]). After the devastating loss of Mexican territory to the U.S. in the Mexican–American War (1846–48) and the continued filibustering by U.S. citizens, Santa Anna may have calculated it was better to yield territory by treaty and receive payment rather than have the territory simply seized by the U.S.[4]

The purchase included lands south of the Gila River and west of the Rio Grande which the U.S. needed to build a transcontinental railroad along a deep southern route, which the Southern Pacific Railroad later completed in 1881–1883. The purchase also aimed to resolve border issues.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1924 – Yvonne Brill, Canadian-American propulsion engineer (d. 2013)
Yvonne Madelaine Brill (née Claeys; December 30, 1924 – March 27, 2013) was a Canadian-American rocket and jet propulsion engineer.[1] During her career she was involved in a broad range of national space programs in the United States, including NASA and the International Maritime Satellite Organization.[2][3]

Early life
Brill was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Her parents were immigrants from Belgium.[1] She attended the University of Manitoba, but was barred from studying engineering because of her gender, so she studied chemistry and mathematics.[4]

Career
Brill’s work in satellite propulsion systems resulted in a number of significant developments. She developed the concept for a new rocket engine, the hydrazine resistojet, and she proposed the use of a single propellant because of the value and simplicity that it would provide. Her invention resulted in not only higher engine performance but also increased reliability of the propulsion system. The reduction in propellant weight requirements enabled either increased payload capability or extended mission life.[5]

Brill invented the hydrazine resistojet propulsion system in 1967 for which she holds U.S. Patent No. 3,807,657.[6] Her invention became a standard in the industry, and has translated into millions of dollars of increased revenue for commercial communications satellite owners.[5]

Brill contributed to the propulsion systems of TIROS, the first weather satellite; Nova, a series of rocket designs that were used in American moon missions; Explorer 32, the first upper-atmosphere satellite; and the Mars Observer, which in 1992 almost entered a Mars orbit before losing communication with Earth.[7]

Awards and honors

Brill was awarded the AIAA Wyld Propulsion Award (2002)[8] and the American Association of Engineering Societies John Fritz Medal (2009).[2][9] In 1980, Harper’s Bazaar and the DeBeers Corporation gave her their Diamond Superwoman award for returning to a successful career after starting a family. In 2001 she was awarded the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal.[7] In 2011 President Barack Obama presented her with the National Medal of Technology and Innovation.[2]

She was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1987.[10] She was named fellow of The Society of Women Engineers (SWE) in 1985 and received its highest honor, the Achievement Award, the following year.[11]

The Yvonne C. Brill Lectureship of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) is named in her honor and presented annually.[12]

Death
A longtime resident of the Skillman section of Montgomery Township, New Jersey, United States, Brill died of complications of breast cancer in Princeton, New Jersey.[7]

An obituary of Brill published in the March 30, 2013 issue of the New York Times originally began: “She made a mean beef stroganoff, followed her husband from job to job and took eight years off from work to raise three children”.[13] The obituary was heavily criticized for leading with and overemphasizing Brill’s gender and family life, rather than her scientific and career accomplishments[14] and was cited as an example of an article that failed the Finkbeiner test.[13] The Times later dropped the reference to her cooking and changed the lead of the article.[15][16]
 
 

The Finkbeiner test is a checklist proposed to help journalists avoid gender bias in media articles about women in science.

Read more->
 
 

FYI

 
 

By Catie Keck: NASA’s Nancy Grace Roman, Known as the ‘Mother of Hubble,’ Dies at 93

Nancy Grace Roman (May 16, 1925 – December 25, 2018[1]) was an American astronomer who was one of the first female executives at NASA. She is known to many as the “Mother of Hubble” for her role in planning the Hubble Space Telescope. Throughout her career, Roman was also an active public speaker and educator, and an advocate for women in the sciences.

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By CNN: Dame June Whitfield, ‘Absolutely Fabulous’ actress, dies at 93

Dame June Rosemary Whitfield DBE (11 November 1925 – 28 December 2018) was an English actress.

Her breakthrough role was a lead in the radio comedy Take It from Here from 1953. Television soon followed, including appearances with Tony Hancock throughout his television career. In 1966, Whitfield played the leading role in the television sitcom Beggar My Neighbour which ran for three series. She also appeared in four Carry On films: Nurse (1959), Abroad (1972), Girls (1973) and Columbus (1992).

In 1968 June Whitfield and Terry Scott began their long television partnership, which peaked with roles as husband and wife in Happy Ever After (1974–78) and Terry and June (1979–87). From 1992 Whitfield appeared in Jennifer Saunders’s sitcom Absolutely Fabulous playing Edina Monsoon’s mother. She played a regular character in Last of the Summer Wine as well as a recurring character in The Green Green Grass. She also played Agatha Christie’s Miss Marple on BBC Radio 4 between 1993 and 2001.

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By Kara Dennison: Digimon and Dragon Quest Voice Actress Toshiko Fujita Passes Away

Toshiko Fujita (藤田 淑子 Fujita Toshiko, April 5, 1950 – December 28, 2018) was a Japanese actress, voice actress, singer and narrator. She worked at Aoni Production.

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By William Hughes: R.I.P. veteran Hong Kong director Ringo Lam

Ringo Lam Ling-Tung (simplified Chinese: 林岭东; traditional Chinese: 林嶺東; pinyin: Lín Lǐngdōng, Cantonese: Lam Ling-tung) was a Hong Kong film director, producer, and screenwriter. Born in Hong Kong in 1955, Lam initially went to an acting school. After finding he preferred making films to acting, he went to Canada to study film. In 1983, he returned and began filming comedy films. After the commercial success of his film Aces Go Places IV, he was allowed to develop his own film. Lam directed City on Fire in 1987, which led him to winning his first Hong Kong Film Award, and has been extensively referenced as the fundamental inspiration for Quentin Tarantino’s first film, Reservoir Dogs.[1]

Lam followed up City on Fire with other similar films that shared a dark view of Hong Kong society. Many of these films starred Chow Yun Fat. In 1996, Lam made his first American film, Maximum Risk starring Jean-Claude Van Damme. Lam would continue working on film productions in both Hong Kong and two more American productions with Jean-Claude Van Damme until 2003. Lam’s final directorial effort was directing one third of the portmanteau film Triangle along with Tsui Hark and Johnnie To. In 2014, it was announced that Lam was working on a new feature film. Lam died at his home on December 29, 2018.

Read more->
 
 
 
 
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Ursula K. Le Guin on creativity and integrity in a market society, John Muir on the transcendent interconnectedness of nature, and more
 
 
 
 
Open Culture Josh Jones: Public Domain Day Is Coming: On January 1st, 2019, Copyrighted Works Will Enter the Public Domain for the First Time in 21 Years
 
 
Open Culture Colin Marshall: NASA Creates Movie Parody Posters for Its Expedition Flights: Download Parodies of Metropolis, The Matrix, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy and More
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Bean_MD: The Back Pocket Soldering Kit
 
 
By bennelson: DIY Solar Garage
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 


 
 

 
 

FYI December 29, 2018

On This Day

 
 
1860 – The launch of HMS Warrior, with her combination of screw propeller, iron hull and iron armour, renders all previous warships obsolete.
HMS Warrior is a 40-gun steam-powered armoured frigate[Note 1] built for the Royal Navy in 1859–1861. She was the name ship of the Warrior-class ironclads. Warrior and her sister ship HMS Black Prince were the first armour-plated, iron-hulled warships, and were built in response to France’s launching in 1859 of the first ocean-going ironclad warship, the wooden-hulled Gloire. Warrior conducted a publicity tour of Great Britain in 1863 and spent her active career with the Channel Squadron. Obsolescent following the 1871 launching of the mastless and more capable HMS Devastation, she was placed in reserve in 1875, and was “paid off” – decommissioned – in 1883.

She subsequently served as a storeship and depot ship, and in 1904 was assigned to the Royal Navy’s torpedo training school. The ship was converted into an oil jetty in 1927 and remained in that role until 1979, at which point she was donated by the Navy to the Maritime Trust for restoration. The restoration process took eight years, during which many of her features and fittings were either restored or recreated. When this was finished she returned to Portsmouth as a museum ship. Listed as part of the National Historic Fleet, Warrior has been based in Portsmouth since 1987.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1923 – Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat, French mathematician and physicist
Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat (French: [bʁy.a]; born 29 December 1923 in Lille) is a French mathematician and physicist. Her work lies in the intersection of mathematics and physics, notably in Einstein’s theory of General Relativity. She is one of the pioneers of the study of General relativity, and she is particularly known as the first to prove the well Posedness of the Einstein equations. Her works were applied in the detection of the gravitational waves.

She was the first woman to be elected to the Académie des Sciences Française (“French Academy of Sciences”) and is a Grand Officier of the Légion d’honneur.[1]

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FYI

 
 

By Margalit Fox: Larry Eisenberg, 99, Dead; His Limericks Were Very Well Read
 
 
Lawrence Eisenberg (December 21, 1919[1] – December 25, 2018) was an American biomedical engineer and science fiction writer. He is best known for his short story “What Happened to Auguste Clarot?”, published in Harlan Ellison’s anthology Dangerous Visions. Eisenberg’s stories have also been printed in a number of leading science fiction magazines, including The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, Galaxy Science Fiction, and Asimov’s Science Fiction. His stories have been reprinted in anthologies such as Great Science Fiction of the 20th Century, The 10th Annual of the Year’s Best S-F, and Great Science Fiction By the World’s Great Scientists. He is also known for the limericks he posted in the comments sections of various articles in The New York Times.[2]

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
BBC News: Norman Gimbel, award-winning lyricist, dies aged 91
 
 
By William Hughes: R.I.P. Norman Gimbel, Oscar-winning lyricist of everything from “The Girl From Ipanema” to the Happy Days theme
 
 
 
 
By Elizabeth Werth: Britain’s Most Accomplished Female Racer is The Name Behind Hillclimb’s “Burt Strut”

Patricia Mary “Patsy” Burt (10 July 1928, Chelsea, London – 4 October 2001) was a British motor racing driver.

During a long and varied career, Patsy Burt won many British national-level competitions, and was the first female driver ever to win the Brighton Speed Trials and the RAC National Sprint Championship. Her run at Brighton in 1968 set a new outright course record, which went unbeaten until 1975. She was also, in 1961, the first British driver of either sex to participate in a full season of the European Mountain Championship. For nearly three decades, Patsy Burt’s powder-blue racing cars were a familiar sight, usually placed well up the leader board, at most British hillclimb and sprint races.

Her 42 outright victories and nearly 100 national, international, and ladies’ records make Patsy Burt one of the most successful British female racing drivers of all time. Her achievements earned her membership of the British Racing Drivers’ Club, an institution few women are ever invited to join.

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By Elizabeth Werth: Collision Warning Systems Originated in the 1959 Cadillac Cyclone

Harley J. Earl (November 22, 1893 – April 10, 1969) was an American automotive designer and business executive. He was the initial designated head of design at General Motors, later becoming vice president, the first top executive ever appointed in design of a major corporation in American history. He was an industrial designer and a pioneer of modern transportation design. A coachbuilder by trade, Earl pioneered the use of freeform sketching and hand sculpted clay models as automotive design techniques. He subsequently introduced the “concept car” as both a tool for the design process and a clever marketing device.

Earl’s Buick Y-Job was the first concept car. He started “Project Opel”, which eventually became the Chevrolet Corvette, and he authorized the introduction of the tailfin to automotive styling. During World War II, he was an active contributor to the Allies’ research and development program in advancing the effectiveness of camouflage.

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By David Tracy: The Aftermarket Is Fixing Mazda’s Mistake of Not Including Vent Windows on Old Miatas
 
 
 
 

The Life of a Conflicted Teacher: Friday Thoughts: The World Needs More…..
 
 
 
 
By Fred Lambert: Watch Tesla Model 3 being assembled from start to finish
 
 
 
 
By John W. Schoen, Lauren Thomas: Here’s a map of the 80 Sears and Kmart stores closing in March
 
 
 
 
Your car caught fire, we’re giving you the exact same model?
By Keith Eldridge | KOMO News: New dad gets surprise after driving burning car out of hospital
Trent’s car was a BMW 528. The owner of Sunset Auto Wholesale in Tacoma, Nathan Craig, heard about what happened from Trent’s brother Tony Gordon, one of his salesmen. They happened to have the same model on the lot so Craig decided to donate it to Trent.
 
 
 
 
By Joe Douglass, KATU News: Kent man kicked out of Portland hotel to file racial discrimination suit
 
 
 
 
BBC News Florida school shooting: New video shows ‘blunders’
 
 
 
 
Webneel: 15 Beautiful Macro Photographs by famous Indonesian photographer Abdul Gapur Dayak
 
 
 
 
Long Shot: My Life As a Sniper in the Fight Against ISIS Hardcover – 14 Feb 2019
by Azad Cudi (Author)

The incredible inside story of a Kurdish sniper in the battle against ISIS

As Syria imploded in civil war in 2011, Kurdish volunteers in the north rose up to free their homeland from centuries of repression and create a progressive sanctuary of tolerance and democracy. To the medievalists of ISIS, this was an affront, so they amassed 10,000 men, heavy artillery, tanks, mortars and ranks of suicide bombers to crush the uprising. Against them stood 2,500 volunteer fighters armed with 40-year-old rifles. There was only one way for the Kurds to survive. They would have to kill the invaders one by one.

A decade earlier, as a 19-year-old Iranian army conscript, Azad had been forced to fight his own people. Instead he deserted and sought asylum in Britain. Now, as he returned to his homeland to help build a new Kurdistan, he found he would have to pick up a gun once more. In September 2014, Azad became one of 17 snipers deployed when ISIS besieged the northern city of Kobani.

In LONG SHOT, Azad tells the inside story of how a group of activists and intellectuals built their own army and team of snipers, and then fought off a ferocious assault in nine months of bitter and bloody street battles. By turns searing, stirring, inspiring and poetic, this is an unique account of modern war and of how, against all odds, a few thousand men and women achieved the impossible and kept their dream of freedom alive.
 
 
 
 
Gastro Obscura: The centuries-old tradition of toasting with actual toast, 2019 Food Festivals and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Paris Martineau and Louise Matsakis: Why It’s Hard to Escape Amazon’s Long Reach
 
 
 
 
By Bill Owens Out of the Ordinary: 1994 Cadillac De Ville Flower
 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 14 Winter Planter Ideas for When You’re Missing Your Garden These planters will brighten up your day when you’re feeling those winter blues.
 
 
Lora Taylor Hyatt Hometalker Prattsville, AR: No More Coconut Liners for My Hanging Baskets!
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

Coleen’s Recipes: GREEN BEANS and BACON
 
 
My Recipe Treasures: Cranberry Guacamole
 
 
By Connie Vines: Perfect Cake for Holidays


 
 

 
 

FYI December 28, 2018

On This Day

 
 
169 BC – The menorah is lit to rededicate the Holy Temple of Jerusalem after two centuries of foreign rule and religious oppression and a seven-year revolt. The menorah burns for eight days without the sufficient fuel needed to do so, birthing the holiday Hanukkah.
anukkah (/ˈhɑːnəkə/ HAH-nə-kə; Hebrew: חֲנֻכָּה‬ ḥanuká, Tiberian: ḥanuká, usually spelled חֲנוּכָּה‎, pronounced [χanuˈka] in Modern Hebrew, [ˈχanukə] or [ˈχanikə] in Yiddish; a transliteration also romanized as Chanukah or Ḥanukah) is a Jewish festival commemorating the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire.It is also known as the Festival of Lights (Hebrew: חַג הַאוּרִים‬, ḥag ha’urim).

Hanukkah is observed for eight nights and days, starting on the 25th day of Kislev according to the Hebrew calendar, which may occur at any time from late November to late December in the Gregorian calendar. The festival is observed by lighting the candles of a candelabrum with nine branches, called a menorah (or hanukkiah). One branch is typically placed above or below the others and its candle is used to light the other eight candles. This unique candle is called the shamash (Hebrew: שַׁמָּשׁ‎, “attendant”). Each night, one additional candle is lit by the shamash until all eight candles are lit together on the final night of the festival.[2] Other Hanukkah festivities include playing the game of dreidel and eating oil-based foods, such as latkes and sufganiyot, and dairy foods. Since the 1970s, the worldwide Chabad Hasidic movement has initiated public menorah lightings in open public places in many countries.[3]

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Born On This Day

 
 
1789 – Catharine Maria Sedgwick, American novelist of “domestic fiction” (d. 1867)[1]
Catharine Maria Sedgwick (December 28, 1789 – July 31, 1867) was an American novelist of what is sometimes referred to as “domestic fiction”. With her work much in demand, from the 1820s to the 1850s, Sedgwick made a good living writing short stories for a variety of periodicals. She became one of the most notable female novelists of her time. She wrote work in American settings, and combined patriotism with protests against historic Puritan oppressiveness. Her topics contributed to the creation of a national literature, enhanced by her detailed descriptions of nature. Sedgwick created spirited heroines who did not conform to the stereotypical conduct of women at the time. She promoted Republican motherhood.

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FYI

 
 
By David Tracy: The Most Fascinating Things Jalopnik Explained in 2018
 
 
 
 
By Erik Shilling: When OnStar Thinks You’ve Crashed As You’re Whipping a Corvette ZR1 Around the Track
 
 
 
 
By George Dvorsky: Dozens of Stranded Sea Turtles Rescued After Indonesian Tsunami
 
 
 
 
By George Dvorsky: Enormous 18th-Century Ice House Re-Discovered Under London Street
 
 
 
 

By Victoria Song: Widespread 911 Outage Sparks FCC Investigation Into CenturyLink
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Report/Video from UK: The 250-Year-Old Subscription Library Thriving in a Digital World (The Leeds Library), A New Issue of the “International Journal of Digital Curation” (Vol 13, No 1) is Now Available Online and more ->
 
 
 
 
The Spaces The best of 2018: A woodland cabin in the heart of New York’s Catskills, 2018’s top music videos for architecture lovers Casting buildings in a starring role and more ->
 
 
 
 
Michael Connelly: Coming Next – the Murder Book Podcast
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: All the places we added to Atlas Obscura in 2018, on one map CORNWALL, ENGLAND Holy Well and more ->
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: 4 vaguely historic anniversaries we forgot this year and more->
 
 
 
 
The Passive Voice: Amazon Digital Day The hours From the Case Files of She-lock Holmes, Female Private Detective and more->
 
 
 
 
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Recipes

 
 
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FYI December 27, 2018

On This Day

 
 
537 – The construction of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is completed.
Hagia Sophia (/ˈhɑːɡiə soʊˈfiːə/; from the Greek Αγία Σοφία, pronounced [aˈʝia soˈfia], “Holy Wisdom”; Latin: Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia; Turkish: Ayasofya) is the former Greek Orthodox Christian patriarchal cathedral, later an Ottoman imperial mosque and now a museum (Ayasofya Müzesi) in Istanbul, Turkey. Built in 537 AD at the beginning of the Middle Ages, it was famous in particular for its massive dome. It was the world’s largest building and an engineering marvel of its time. It is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture[1] and is said to have “changed the history of architecture”.[2]

The Hagia Sophia construction consists of mostly masonry. The structure is composed of brick and mortar joint that are 1.5 times the width of the bricks. The mortar joints are composed of a combination of sand and minute ceramic pieces displaced very evenly throughout the mortar joints. This combination of sand and ceramic pieces could be considered to be the equivalent of modern concrete at the time.[3]

From the date of its construction in 537 until 1453, it served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral and the seat of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople,[4] except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted by the Fourth Crusaders to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was later converted into an Ottoman mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931. It was then secularized and opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.[5] It remained the world’s largest cathedral for nearly a thousand years, until Seville Cathedral was completed in 1520.

The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I and was the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site, the prior one having been destroyed by rioters in the Nika Revolt. It was designed by the Greek geometers Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles.[6] The church was dedicated to the Wisdom of God, the Logos, the second person of the Trinity,[7] its patronal feast taking place on 25 December, the commemoration of the birth of the incarnation of the Logos in Christ.[7] Although sometimes referred to as Sancta Sophia (as though it were named after Sophia the Martyr), sophia being the phonetic spelling in Latin of the Greek word for wisdom, its full name in Greek is Ναός της Αγίας του Θεού Σοφίας, Naos tēs Hagias tou Theou Sophias, “Shrine of the Holy Wisdom of God”.[8][9] The church contained a large collection of relics and featured, among other things, a 15-metre (49 ft) silver iconostasis.[citation needed] The focal point of the Eastern Orthodox Church for nearly one thousand years, the building witnessed the excommunication of Patriarch Michael I Cerularius officially communicated by Humbert of Silva Candida, the papal envoy of Pope Leo IX in 1054, an act that is commonly considered the start of the East–West Schism.

In 1453, Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Empire under Mehmed the Conqueror, who ordered this main church of Orthodox Christianity converted into a mosque. Although some parts of the city of Constantinople were falling into disrepair, the cathedral was maintained with an amount of money set aside for this purpose. Nevertheless, the Christian cathedral made a strong impression on the new Ottoman rulers and they decided to convert it into a mosque.[10][11] The bells, altar, iconostasis, and other relics were destroyed and the mosaics depicting Jesus, his Mother Mary, Christian saints, and angels were also destroyed or plastered over. Islamic features—such as the mihrab (a niche in the wall indicating the direction toward Mecca, for prayer), minbar (pulpit), and four minarets—were added. It remained a mosque until 1931 when it was closed to the public for four years. It was re-opened in 1935 as a museum by the Republic of Turkey. Hagia Sophia was, as of 2014, the second-most visited museum in Turkey, attracting almost 3.3 million visitors annually.[12] According to data released by the Turkish Culture and Tourism Ministry, Hagia Sophia was Turkey’s most visited tourist attraction in 2015.[13]

From its initial conversion until the construction of the nearby Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque of Istanbul) in 1616, it was the principal mosque of Istanbul. The Byzantine architecture of the Hagia Sophia served as inspiration for many other Ottoman mosques, such as the aforementioned mosque, the Şehzade Mosque, the Süleymaniye Mosque, the Rüstem Pasha Mosque and the Kılıç Ali Pasha Complex.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1907 – Mary Howard, English author (d. 1991)
Mary Mussi, née Edgar (born 27 December 1907 in London, England – died 2 March 1991), was a British writer of over 50 romance novels as Mary Howard, who also wrote over 10 gothic romance as Josephine Edgar. She is one of the two novelists to win three times the Romantic Novel of the Year Award by the Romantic Novelists’ Association.[1]

Biography
Personal life

Born Mary Edgar on 27 December 1907 in London, England, United Kingdom, daughter of Jenny (Howard) and George Edgar, an author. She was educated privately. On 6 March 1934, she married Rudolph F. Mussi, they had one son, Max, and one daughter, Susan Jane.[2] Mary Mussi died on 2 March 1991.[3]

Writing career
Mussi started writing contemporary romance novels as Mary Howard in 1930, later she used the penname of Josephine Edgar to sign her gothic historical romances. She received three times the Romantic Novel of the Year Award by the Romantic Novelists’ Association for her novels More Than Friendship (1960), Countess (1979), and Mr Rodriguez (1980).[1] She also won the Elinor Glyn award in 1961. She was a past chairwoman of Society of Women Writers and Journalists.[3]

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FYI

 
 
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By A.G. Gancarsk: ‘The kids aren’t alright’ warns Ron DeSantis public safety team
Sheriff Wayne Ivey of Brevard noted that “juvenile crime is the biggest issue we face.”

“This ‘give them a pick-me-up hug’ simply isn’t working,” Ivey said, noting that “we have to get back to saying we’re going to hold them accountable and there’s going to be consequences for their actions.”
 
 
 
 
If these institutions had protected children, they wouldn’t need to pay.
By Tom Corrigan: Catholic Church Used Bankruptcy for Sexual-Assault Cases. Now Others Are Following Suit. USA Gymnastics, Boy Scouts of America explore chapter 11 to handle victims’ claims
Pioneered by the Catholic Church, the legal strategy uses the law that protects companies from creditors to help preserve its mission and shield assets from claims made by victims of sexual abuse. Filing for chapter 11 freezes lawsuits and provides breathing room to work out a plan to compensate abuse victims. Victims get a collective voice and a guaranteed seat at the negotiating table, and at the end of a bankruptcy a diocese gets a fresh start, free from liabilities tied to past abuse. A federal judge oversees the proceeding and must sign off on the final payment plan.
 
 
 
 
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By Eric Levenson: American endurance athlete becomes the first person to cross Antarctica solo
 
 
 
 
By Janelle Griffith: Billie Lourd honors mom Carrie Fisher with song on 2nd anniversary of her death “I decided to do something a little vulnerable for me, but something we both loved to do together – sing,” Lourd said.
She added that she hoped her Instagram video encourages “anyone feeling a little low or lost” to keep on moving, and quoted her mother, “Take your broken heart and turn it into art.”
 
 
 
 
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Today’s email was written by Quincey Tickner and Whet Moser, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession: The Six-Pack
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
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