1767 – Surveying for the Mason–Dixon line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.
The Mason–Dixon line, also called the Mason and Dixon line or Mason’s and Dixon’s line, was surveyed between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in the resolution of a border dispute involving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in Colonial America. It is still a demarcation line among four U.S. states, forming part of the borders of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia (originally part of Virginia before 1863).
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1872 – Emily Davison, English educator and activist (d. 1913)
Emily Wilding Davison (11 October 1872 – 8 June 1913) was a suffragette who fought for votes for women in the United Kingdom in the early twentieth century. A member of the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) and a militant fighter for her cause, she was arrested on nine occasions, went on hunger strike seven times and was force fed on forty-nine occasions. She died after being hit by King George V’s horse Anmer at the 1913 Epsom Derby when she walked onto the track during the race.
Davison grew up in a middle-class family, and studied at Royal Holloway College, London, and St Hugh’s College, Oxford, before taking jobs as a teacher and governess. She joined the WSPU in November 1906 and became an officer of the organisation and a chief steward during marches. She soon became known in the organisation for her daring militant action; her tactics included breaking windows, throwing stones, setting fire to postboxes and, on three occasions, hiding overnight in the Palace of Westminster—including on the night of the 1911 census. Her funeral on 14 June 1913 was organised by the union. A procession of 5,000 suffragettes and their supporters accompanied her coffin and 50,000 people lined the route through London; her coffin was then taken by train to the family plot in Morpeth, Northumberland.
Davison was a staunch feminist and passionate Christian, and considered that socialism was a moral and political force for good. Much of her life has been interpreted through the manner of her death. She gave no prior explanation for what she planned to do at the Derby and the uncertainty of her motives and intentions has affected how she has been judged by history. Several theories have been put forward, including accident, suicide, or an attempt to pin a suffragette banner to the king’s horse; none has ever been proven.
By Air Force Airman 1st Class Kaylee Dubois, 633rd Air Base Wing: Face of Defense: Army Helicopter Pilot Teaches New Generation of Aviators
The once young boy from Argentina with a dream of flying found his place in a nation that allowed him to experience the world. Now he prides himself in protecting that nation, giving back to fellow countrymen who fueled his desire to serve.
“There’s nothing like flying in the U.S.,” Basabilbaso said. “The people you meet when stopping for fuel or at a temporary duty station are like no others; genuine Americans who never fail to thank us for what we do.”
By Anne Victoria Clark: The Rock Test: A Hack for Men Who Don’t Want To Be Accused of Sexual Harassment
It’s as clear cut as this: Treat all women like you would treat Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson.
By Scott Neuman: Nobel Goes To American Richard Thaler For Work In Behavioral Economics
By Anne Easton: In Oprah’s New Show, Mass Incarceration Hits Home
By Bob: Man sends a perfect letter 14 years in the making
By Kristen Lee: What It Takes To Launch One Of The Toughest Off-Road Races In America
By Starre Julia Vartan: How to Plan a Trip to See an Aurora
By Andrew Liszewski: Watch a Pack of Adorable Arctic Fox Pups Destroy a Documentary Filmmaker’s Camera
Feuding impresarios, a white-but-not-white-enough elephant, and racist ads for soap — Ross Bullen on how a bizarre episode in circus history became an unlikely forum for discussing 19th-century theories of race, and inadvertently laid bare the ideological constructions at their heart.
The Civil War Sketches of Adolph Metzner (1861–64)
Remarkable collection of sketches, drawings, and watercolours left to us by Adolph Metzner, during his three years of service with the 1st German, 32nd Regiment Indiana Infantry.
From the letters I’ve been getting on that post and the comments, I have to admit that I live in a gorgeous spot of the world. Open spaces and fields. Blue skies and changing seasons.
Right now, thanks to decent weather, harvest is going full tilt. It hasn’t been an easy year. Last fall the farmers had to leave so much crop out because of early snow, too much rain in the fall and then more snow. So right now everyone who is out working late hours is happy and thankful.
In Canada we do Thanksgiving in October – which, ahem, is also my birthday. And each year I am thankful for so many things. Each year we also go around the table and ask everyone what they have been especially thankful for the past year. It’s always a warm and special time and it gives us all a chance to look back and realize what we have.
Source: Giving thanks
The Cold War Recognition Certificate is a recognition certificate awarded by the Secretary of Defense to all U.S. Armed Forces personnel and qualified federal government civilian personnel who faithfully and honorably served the United States anytime during the Cold War era, which is defined as September 2, 1945 to December 26, 1991. Anyone who served in the military or the Federal Government during this period is authorized to receive the certificate.
By Andrew Kirell: The Secret History of Nazi Creek, Alaska
1846 – Triton, the largest moon of the planet Neptune, is discovered by English astronomer William Lassell.
Triton is the largest natural satellite of the planet Neptune, and the first Neptunian moon to be discovered. It was discovered on October 10, 1846, by English astronomer William Lassell. It is the only large moon in the Solar System with a retrograde orbit, an orbit in the opposite direction to its planet’s rotation. At 2,700 kilometres (1,700 mi) in diameter, it is the seventh-largest moon in the Solar System. Because of its retrograde orbit and composition similar to Pluto’s, Triton is thought to have been a dwarf planet captured from the Kuiper belt. Triton has a surface of mostly frozen nitrogen, a mostly water-ice crust, an icy mantle and a substantial core of rock and metal. The core makes up two-thirds of its total mass. Triton has a mean density of 2.061 g/cm3 and is composed of approximately 15–35% water ice.
Triton is one of the few moons in the Solar System known to be geologically active (the others being Jupiter’s Io and Saturn’s Enceladus). As a consequence, its surface is relatively young with few obvious impact craters, and a complex geological history revealed in intricate cryovolcanic and tectonic terrains. Part of its surface has geysers erupting sublimated nitrogen gas, contributing to a tenuous nitrogen atmosphere less than 1/70,000 the pressure of Earth’s atmosphere at sea level.
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1898 – Lilly Daché, French-American fashion designer (d. 1989)
Lilly Daché (circa 1898 – 31 December 1989) was a French-born American milliner and fashion designer.
Life and career
According to Lilly Daché, she was born in Bègles, France. Some questioned Daché’s French origins, speculating that she was Polish or Romanian. Her birth year has been reported as 1893 and 1904. Although she is said to have emigrated to the United States in 1924, the 1930 U.S. Census reports her as having entered this country in 1919.
Lilly Daché began her career in New York as a salesperson, working at Macy’s and an independent hat shop on the Upper West Side. Daché and a co-coworker bought the independent store. A few month’s later, Daché bought out her coworker.
Daché’s major contributions to millinery were draped turbans, brimmed hats molded to the head, half hats, visored caps for war workers, colored snoods, and romantic massed-flower shapes. Daché is reported to have said, “Glamour is what makes a man ask for your telephone number. But it also is what makes a woman ask for the name of your dressmaker.”
In 1931, Daché married French-born Jean Despres who was an executive at the large cosmetics and fragrance company, Coty, Inc. Together they adopted a daughter, Suzanne.
Despite the economic effects of the Depression and World War II, Daché’s business flourished in the 1930s and 1940s. Daché’s hats cost upwards of $20 at a time when a hat could be bought for just a few dollars, but hats were still considered a cost-effective way for a woman to update her wardrobe.
In 1937, Daché moved her entire operation to a nine story building on East 56th Street, combining her retail sales, wholesale trade, workroom and personal space. Both the designer Halston and the hair stylist Kenneth worked for her before going into business for themselves. Estimates of Daché’s yearly production ran as high as 30,000 hats a year. By 1949, Daché was designing clothing accessories, perfume, and costume jewelry. Celebrity clients included Sonja Henie, Audrey Hepburn, Carole Lombard and Marlene Dietrich.
Not only was her brand well known, Lilly herself became famous. She was a mystery guest on a 28 August 1955 episode of the sophisticated television game show What’s My Line? (panelist Arlene Francis eventually guessed her identity). She is also referenced in the song “Tangerine” performed by the Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra.
Daché’s books include Lilly Daché’s Glamour Book (1956) and her autobiography, Talking through My Hats (1946).
When Dache retired in 1968, Loretta Young bought her last thirty hats.
Lilly Daché died in Louvecienne, France at the age of 97 in 1989.
Neiman Marcus Fashion Award (1940)
Coty American Fashion Critics Award (1943)
Auslan Cramb, Scottish Correspondent : Body of headless Jacobite clan chief exhumed to solve 270-year-old mystery
By Michael Grothaus: What Happened When I Spent A Week Keeping My Mouth (Mostly) Shut
By Bruno Vincent : How to fix your parent’s computer without ending up in prison for murder
By ebenism: I Imagine A World Invaded By Giant Animals In My Digital Manipulations
By Heather Chapman: Small town builds a broadband network by charging signup fees; makes financial assistance available
By Amy Zhen: How to Stay Creative
My brain is mentally fried by the time I leave the office, and it gets even more difficult to dedicate my after-work hours on creating. I think we all are very ambitious to pursue our passions and throw ourselves head-first into something, but eventually we end up in the same cycle of fatigue, internet surfing, and pushing things off to tomorrow.
By Patrick Lucas Austin: How to Scan Documents With iOS 11’s Notes App
By Aimée Lutkin: Man Convicted of Raping 12-Year-Old Granted Joint Custody of Child
The joint custody was officially granted by Judge Gregory S. Ross only this year, based on DNA tests confirming Mirasolo as the child’s father. The child’s mother, who is unnamed, told the Detroit News that she receives $260 a month in food stamps and health insurance for her son, and believes Mirasolo was given custody as part of a routine act of bureaucracy associated with public assistance requests. She thinks the state was “trying to get some of the money back” when Ross assigned custody on her rapist’s behalf, as it will affect the amount of money she receives.
ByAlanis King: Watching A Bunch Of New Miatas Put Their Roofs Down In Near Unison Is The Definition Of True Joy
By Webneel: Caricature Exhibition by International Society of Caricature Artists at Cleveland USA – Oct 6 – 22
By Webneel: 50 Beautiful Diwali Greeting Cards Messages for you
By Jfarro: Solar Powered RGB LED Magic Pathway
By Emily Grace King: Stress-Reducing Weighted Blanket
By Mark Wallace: How U.S. Soldiers Are Using Their “Warhacks” To Transform Combat
By Gary Price: Research Tools: FDA Improves Access to Reports of Adverse Drug Reactions
[Late last week] the U.S. Food and Drug Administration launched a new user-friendly search tool that improves access to data on adverse events associated with drug and biologic products through the FDA’s Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS). The tool is designed to make it easier for consumers, providers, and researchers to access this information.
Logic sings about a person in despair reaching out. That song is now saving lives
Zing! It’s the 100 greatest put-downs of all time
This is the mother of all Creepypasta sites. In high school, I would stay up until 3 am reading the best of on this site, and then feel like total garbage the next day because I was a) feeling like I was haunted, and b) totally and utterly exhausted. The plus side of this site is that it has a rating system and index, giving you the option to avoid anything that may be less than tolerable.
1635 – Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he speaks out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
Roger Williams (c. 21 December 1603 – between 27 January and 15 March 1683) was a Puritan, an English Reformed theologian, and later a Reformed Baptist who was expelled by the Puritan leaders from the colony of Massachusetts because local officials thought that he was spreading “new and dangerous ideas” to his congregants. Williams fled the Massachusetts colony under the threat of impending arrest and shipment to an English prison; he began the settlement of Providence Plantation in 1636 as a refuge offering freedom of conscience.
Williams was the 1638 founder of the First Baptist Church in America, also known as the First Baptist Church of Providence.
Williams was also a student of Native American languages, an early advocate for fair dealings with American Indians, and one of the first abolitionists in North America, having organized the first attempt to prohibit slavery in any of the British American colonies. He is best remembered as the originator of the principle of separation of church and state.
1704 – Johann Andreas Segner, German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
Johann Segner (Hungarian: János András Segner, German: Johann Andreas von Segner, Slovak: Ján Andrej Segner, Latin: Iohannes Andreas de Segner; October 9, 1704 – October 5, 1777) was a Hungarian scientist. He was born in the Kingdom of Hungary, in the former Hungarian capital city of Pozsony (today Bratislava).
Johann Segner’s ancestors came from Styria to Pressburg in the Kingdom of Hungary; by the 18th century. He studied at Pressburg, Győr and Debrecen. In 1725 Segner began studying at the University of Jena. In 1729 he received a medical certificate and returned to Pressburg, where he started to work as a physician, as well as in Debrecen. In 1732 he returned to Jena for his master’s degree. In 1735 Segner became the first professor of mathematics, a position created for him, at the University of Göttingen. In 1755 he became a professor at Halle, where he established an observatory.
One of the best-known scientists of his age, Segner was a member of the academies of Berlin, London, and Saint Petersburg. According to Mathematics Genealogy Project, as of February 2013, he has over 66 thousand academic descendants, out of the total 170 thousand mathematicians in the database.
He was the first scientist to use the reactive force of water and constructed the first water-jet, the Segner wheel, which resembles one type of modern lawn sprinkler. Segner, also produced the first proof of Descartes’ rule of signs. Historians of science remember him as the father of the water turbine. The lunar crater Segner is named after him, as is asteroid 28878 Segner.
By Kristen Lee: These Are Your Closest And Most Daring ‘Running On Empty’ Stories
By Maddie Stone: After Maria, Puerto Rico’s Endangered Parrots Face an Uncertain Future
If there’s one thing the parrots have working in their favor right now, it’s a dedicated crew of scientists and broad public support for conservation of the species, which are the last native U.S. parrots still found on U.S. soil. A crowdfunding page launched by the World Parrot Trust to repair damage to the aviaries has raised more than $12,000 over the past week.
Earther has reached out to Martínez and the Rio Abajo aviary for comment, and we will update this post if and when we hear back.
By Ari Phillips: Bears Ransack Colorado Pizza Parlor in Quest for Hibernation Carbs
By Anika Burgess: On Vacation in Soviet-Era Sanatoriums
The Tabulating Machine Co.
The early data processor factory founded in Washington for the 1890 U.S. Census went on to become IBM.
By Chris Coyier: Gutenberg CSS Tricks
I’ve only just been catching up with the news about Gutenberg, the name for a revamp of the WordPress editor. You can use it right now, as it’s being built as a plugin first, with the idea that eventually it goes into core. The repo has better information.
1. Shoppers and their OutfitsHans Eijkelboom’s work makes you think twice about ever following a trend ever again.Found on the British Journal of Photography.