Category: FYI


FYI August 07, 2019

On This Day

1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.
Alice Huyler Ramsey (November 11, 1886 – September 10, 1983) was the first woman to drive across the United States from coast to coast[1] on August 7th 1909.

Ramsey was born Alice Taylor Huyler, the daughter of John Edwin Huyler, a lumber dealer, and Ada Mumford Farr. She attended Vassar College from 1903–1905.[citation needed] On January 10, 1906, in Hackensack, New Jersey, Ramsey married congressman John R. Ramsey (1862-1933), with whom she had two children: John Rathbone Ramsey, Jr. (1907–2000) and Alice Valleau Ramsey (1910–2015), who married Robert Stewart Bruns (1906–1981).

In 1908 her husband bought her a new Maxwell runabout. She was an avid driver, and in September 1908 she drove one of the three Maxwells which were entered in that year’s American Automobile Association’s (AAA) Montauk Point endurance race, being one of only two women to participate. One of the other Maxwell drivers was Carl Kelsey, who did publicity for Maxwell-Briscoe. It was during this event that Kelsey proposed that she attempt a transcontinental journey, with Maxwell-Briscoe’s backing. The company would supply a 1909 touring car for the journey, and would also provide assistance and parts as needed.[2] The drive was originally meant as a publicity stunt for Maxwell-Briscoe,[3] and would also prove to be part of Maxwell’s ongoing strategy of specifically marketing to women.[4] At that time, women were not often encouraged to drive cars.[citation needed]

On June 9, 1909, this 22-year-old housewife and mother[3] began a 3,800-mile journey from Hell Gate in Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California, in a green Maxwell 30. On her 59-day trek she was accompanied by two older sisters-in-law and 19 year-old friend Hermine Jahns, none of whom could drive a car. They arrived amid great fanfare on August 7,[1][5] although about three weeks later than originally planned.[2]

The group of women used maps from the American Automobile Association to make the journey. Only 152 of the 3,600 miles (244 of the 5,767 kilometers) that the group traveled were paved.[3] Over the course of the drive, Ramsey changed 11 tires, cleaned the spark plugs, repaired a broken brake pedal and had to sleep in the car when it was stuck in mud.[3] The women mostly navigated by using telephone poles, following the poles with more wires in hopes that they would lead to a town.[6]

Along the way, they crossed the trail of a manhunt for a killer in Nebraska, Ramsey received a case of bedbugs from a Wyoming hotel, and in Nevada they were surrounded by a Native American hunting party with bows and arrows drawn.[3] In San Francisco, crowds awaited them at the St. James Hotel.[3] Ramsey was named the “Woman Motorist of the Century” by AAA in 1960.[3] In later years, she lived in West Covina, California, where in 1961 she wrote and published the story of her journey, Veil, Duster, and Tire Iron. Between 1909 and 1975, Ramsey drove across the country more than 30 times.[citation needed]

After her husband’s death in 1933, Ramsey lived with Anna Graham Harris in New Jersey and then California until Anna’s death in 1953, and then with Elizabeth Elliott from 1968 until Ramsey’s death on September 10, 1983, in Covina, California.[7][8]

On October 17, 2000, Ramsey became the first woman inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame.[citation needed]


Born On This Day

1933 – Elinor Ostrom, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)
Elinor Claire “Lin” Ostrom (née Awan; August 7, 1933 – June 12, 2012) was an American political economist[1][2][3] whose work was associated with the New Institutional Economics and the resurgence of political economy.[4] In 2009, she was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for her “analysis of economic governance, especially the commons”, which she shared with Oliver E. Williamson. To date, she remains the only woman to win the Nobel Prize in Economics.[5]

After graduating with a B.A. and Ph.D. from UCLA, Ostrom lived in Bloomington, Indiana, and served on the faculty of Indiana University, with a late-career affiliation with Arizona State University. She was Distinguished Professor at Indiana University and the Arthur F. Bentley Professor of Political Science and co-director of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University, as well as research professor and the founding director of the Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity at Arizona State University in Tempe.[6] She was a lead researcher for the Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management Collaborative Research Support Program (SANREM CRSP), managed by Virginia Tech and funded by USAID.[7] Beginning in 2008, she and her husband Vincent Ostrom advised the journal Transnational Corporations Review.[8]




The Passive Voice: Nine Newly Discovered Proust Stories to Be Published; The Creative Compulsions of OCD and more ->
By Kate Bernot, The Takeout: Anheuser-Busch scoops up one of country’s fastest-growing craft breweries
By Anna Merlan Van Life, Jalopnik: Vanlife Can Be Cheaper, Weirder, And More Accessible Than Instagram Would Have You Believe
Gizmodo Science: Timid, Secretive, Mildly Venomous Snake Is Missing at the Bronx Zoo in the Middle of a Thunderstorm; A Mexican Physicist Solved a 2,000-Year Old Problem That Will Lead to Cheaper, Sharper Lenses; Scientists Found a Seriously Giant Parrot Fossil in New Zealand and more ->
By Paul Anthony Jones, Mental Floss: 15 Obscure Words for Everyday Feelings and Emotions You’ve probably never heard of many of these, but in this list may be the exact word you’ve been looking for.
By Alex Horton, The Washington Post: Think 30-50 feral hogs is a joke? Millions more are rampaging across the U.S.
But Texas Parks and Wildlife has warned: if you’re going to hunt wild pigs to protect land or for sport, an AR-15-type of firearm may not be enough to pierce its tough hide.

“The best rifle calibers to use should be a .243 or greater to prevent wounding and loss of the animal,” the agency said, referring to a bullet used for hunting, which packs more of a punch than a typical .223 round associated with many AR-15-style rifles — though some rifles are chambered in heavier and more lethal sizes more appropriate for hogs.
Cosmos, The Science of Everything: Now that’s an eye test NASA ‘optometrists’ verify Mars 2020 rover’s 20/20 vision.
By Liz Seegert, Association of Health Care Journalists: Vitamin K deficiency linked to risk of mobility loss in older adults

By Meghan Moravcik Walbert, Lifehacker: Here’s Where You Can Still Find a Pristine Night Sky
It’s not considered pristine but this is the best spot on the east cost for star gazing:
By Nicole Darrah | Fox News: Georgia police investigating after woman claims she infected men with HIV in Facebook video
Combined these books have changed and improved the lives of thousands of readers and are valued at over $527 Get FREE instant access to all of them for a limited time only as part of this promotion to give back and change the world These Books Will Disappear at Midnight August 7th
The Rural Blog: Reporters for consortium of local papers in Oregon explore the state’s growing rural-urban divide; Free webinar Thursday on local collaboration to assess health needs, meet goals and help rural health organizations and more ->


By Biodynamic: Soda Bottle Rockets!!
By zakbodop: Pegboard Pinball
By Aric Caley: Circulating Self Watering Vertical Planter


A Taste of Alaska: Raspberry Lemon Drop Martini – Keto remake
By CS616: Slow Smoked Pulled Pork Recipe
By Whitney Fabre: Grilled BBQ Pizza




Military August 07, 2019

Task & Purpose: The mother of former Defense Secretary James Mattis has died; Meet the first female Marine assigned to fly the F-35C; Navy reassigns prosecutor caught trying to spy on Gallagher defense team before trial; Navy SEAL and Marine Raider could dodge sexual assault charges in hazing death of Green Beret in Mali; Chuck Norris has a new TV special, so we’re going to use this as an excuse to make a bunch of Chuck Norris jokes and more -> New Report Points to Acute Fatigue as Factor in Deadly Navy Ship Collision; $100M Wrongful Death Appeal Filed by Family of US Marine Recruit Denied; Terminally Ill Military Kids Can Now Receive Both Treatment and Hospice; Marine Sergeants Face New Deadline to Pick Up Staff Sergeant and more ->

FYI August 06, 2019

On This Day

1819 – Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.

Norwich University – The Military College of Vermont is a private university in Northfield, Vermont. It is the oldest private military college in the United States. The university was founded in 1819 at Norwich, Vermont, as the American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy. It is the oldest of six senior military colleges and is recognized by the United States Department of Defense as the “Birthplace of ROTC” (Reserve Officers’ Training Corps).[3]



Born On This Day

1908 – Maria Ludwika Bernhard, Polish classical archaeologist and a member of WWII Polish resistance (d. 1998)[2]

Maria Ludwika Bernhard (August 6, 1908[1] – 1998) was a Polish classical archaeologist and a specialist in Greek Art. During the German Occupation of Poland in World War II, Bernhard was living in Warsaw and was active in the Polish Resistance Movement. After the war, Bernhard was a Professor of Classical Archaeology at the University of Warsaw. In 1957 she became the chair of the Department of Classical Archaeology at Jagiellonian University. She was also curator of the Ancient Art gallery at the National Museum in Warsaw from 1945 to 1962.[2]

Early life and education

Bernhard studied art history and classical archaeology at the French School at Athens from 1937 – 1938. She went on to obtain a PhD from Warsaw University in 1939, studying under Kazimierz Michałowski.[3] Bernard was hired as Professor Michalowski’s university assistant in 1934.[4] In 1938, Bernhard was given the responsibility of organizing the Ancient Art Gallery at the National Museum of Warsaw. She would eventually go on to become the head of the Art Gallery.[2][4]

World War II and the Polish resistance
The outbreak of war in Europe in 1939 brought Bernhard’s career to a sudden halt. During the German Occupation of Poland, Bernhard was living in Warsaw and was active in the Polish resistance movement in World War II. She was a liaison officer of the Home Army and later she managed the VK Communications Department of the Warsaw Area Command ZWZ-AK.[4] She continued to work at the museum during the war, where she safeguarded the art collections. In June 1940, Bernhard was arrested and sent to Pawiak, a German Gestapo prison.[4]

Career after World War II

After she was released from prison at the end of the war, Bernhard worked as a Professor of Classical Archaeology at the University of Warsaw. At the same time, she worked as curator of the Ancient Art department at the National Museum in Warsaw. She was curator at the museum until 1962. In 1954, she was promoted to the chair of Classical Archaeology department at Jagiellonian University in Kraków. She taught classes at the University until her retirement in 1978.[2][3]

Bernhard participated in excavations at Tell Edfu in Egypt in 1954 and in the Crimea 1956 – 1958. She supervised an expedition at Palmyra in 1967.[3]

Bernhard is primarily known for the Polish publication of four volumes of the History of Ancient Greek Art, and for seven volumes of the Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: a scholarly discussion of the art collections at the National Museum in Warsaw.[2]



Community Networks: Two of our stories this week touched on how broadband can be a game changer for rural Americans and more ->
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By Lyndsay Winkley, Alex Riggins, LA Times: San Diego police sergeant accused of soliciting minor for sex found dead from apparent suicide
By Rocky Parker: Blogger Conferences: Top Events to Attend in August & September 2019

By Nicholas Quah, NiemanLab: A unique collaboration lets the Bundyville podcast tell stories of anti-government extremism in the American West Plus: Apple’s new podcast categories are live, Podtrac’s rankings continue to confuse people, and Dolly Parton.
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By Mike Wall, Science & Astronomy: ‘Supergravity’ Theorists Win $3 Million Physics Breakthrough Prize Sergio Ferrara, Daniel Freedman and Peter van Nieuwenhuizen are being honored for their 1976 find.
Google Open Source Blog: Season of Docs Announces Technical Writing Projects
Sandrine Lescourant Parisian hip-hop dancer: Hip-hop dancers show Paris in a new light on Street View
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The Rural Blog: China halts all U.S. ag purchases in latest trade war salvo; Rural Iowa editorial nails why local journalism matters and more ->

Cheesey Pick-up Line







FYI August 05, 2019

On This Day

135 – Roman armies enter Betar, slaughtering thousands and ending the bar Kokhba revolt.
The Bar Kokhba revolt (Hebrew: מֶרֶד בַּר כּוֹכְבָא; Mered Bar Kokhba) was a rebellion of the Jews of the Roman province of Judea, led by Simon bar Kokhba, against the Roman Empire. Fought circa 132–136 CE,[4] it was the last of three major Jewish–Roman wars, so it is also known as The Third Jewish–Roman War or The Third Jewish Revolt. Some historians also refer to it as the Second Revolt[5] of Judea, not counting the Kitos War (115–117 CE), which had only marginally been fought in Judea.

The revolt erupted as a result of ongoing religious and political tensions in Judea following on the failure of the First Revolt in 66−73 CE. These tensions were related to the establishment of a large Roman presence in Judea, changes in administrative life and the economy, together with the outbreak and suppression of Jewish revolts from Mesopotamia to Libya and Cyrenaica.[6] The proximate reasons seem to centre around the construction of a new city, Aelia Capitolina, over the ruins of Jerusalem and the erection of a temple to Jupiter on the Temple Mount.[7] The Church Fathers and rabbinic literature emphasize the role of Rufus, governor of Judea in provoking the revolt.[8]

In 132, the revolt led by Bar Kokhba quickly spread from central Judea across the country, cutting off the Roman garrison in Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem).[9] Quintus Tineius Rufus was the provincial governor at the time of the erupting uprising, attributed with the failure to subdue its early phase. Rufus is last recorded in 132, the first year of the rebellion; whether he died or was replaced is uncertain. Despite arrival of significant Roman reinforcements from Syria, Egypt and Arabia, initial rebel victories over the Romans established an independent state over most parts of Judea Province for over two years, as Bar Kokhba took the title of Nasi (“prince”). Simon bar Kokhba, the commander of the revolt, was regarded by many Jews as the Messiah, who would restore their national independence.[10] This setback, however, caused Emperor Hadrian to assemble a large scale Roman force from across the Empire, which invaded Judea in 134 under the command of General Sextus Julius Severus. The Roman army was made of six full legions with auxiliaries and elements from up to six additional legions, which finally managed to crush the revolt.[11]

The Bar Kokhba revolt resulted in the extensive depopulation of Judean communities, more so than during the First Jewish–Roman War of 70 CE.[12] According to Cassius Dio, 580,000 Jews perished in the war and many more died of hunger and disease. In addition, many Judean war captives were sold into slavery.[13] The Jewish communities of Judea were devastated to an extent which some scholars describe as a genocide.[12][14] However, the Jewish population remained strong in other parts of Palestine, thriving in Galilee, Golan, Bet Shean Valley and the eastern, southern and western edges of Judea.[15] Roman casualties were also considered heavy – XXII Deiotariana was disbanded after serious losses.[16][17] In addition, some historians argue that Legio IX Hispana’s disbandment in the mid-2nd century could also have been a result of this war.[1] In an attempt to erase any memory of Judea or Ancient Israel, Emperor Hadrian wiped the name off the map and replaced it with Syria Palaestina.[18][19][20] However, there is only circumstantial evidence linking Hadrian with the name change and the precise date is not certain.[21] The common view that the name change was intended to “sever the connection of the Jews to their historical homeland” is disputed.[22]

The Bar Kokhba revolt greatly influenced the course of Jewish history and the philosophy of the Jewish religion. Despite easing the persecution of Jews following Hadrian’s death in 138 CE, the Romans barred Jews from Jerusalem, except for attendance in Tisha B’Av. Jewish messianism was abstracted and spiritualized, and rabbinical political thought became deeply cautious and conservative. The Talmud, for instance, refers to Bar Kokhba as “Ben-Kusiba,” a derogatory term used to indicate that he was a false Messiah. It was also among the key events to differentiate Christianity as a religion distinct from Judaism.[23] Although Jewish Christians regarded Jesus as the Messiah and did not support Bar Kokhba,[24] they were barred from Jerusalem along with the other Jews.[25]



Born On This Day

1880 – Gertrude Rush, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1962)
Gertrude Elzora Durden Rush (August 5, 1880 – September 5, 1962) was the first African-American female lawyer in Iowa, admitted to the Iowa bar in 1918.[1] She helped found the National Bar Association in 1925.

Life and career

Gertrude Elzora Durden was born on August 5, 1880 in Navasota, Texas to Sarah E. and Frank Durden. She attended high schools in Parsons, Kansas and Quincy, Illinois.[2] She taught in Oswego, Kansas; the Indian Territory; and Des Moines, Iowa. She married in 1907 and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from Des Moines College in 1914, then earned a law degree through distance learning facility La Salle Extension University. She remained the only African American female lawyer in Iowa until 1950.[citation needed]

She took over her husband’s law practice after his death. In 1921 she was elected president of the Colored Bar Association. In 1925 Rush and four other black lawyers founded the Negro Bar Association after being denied admission to the American Bar Association.

Rush was also an activist in the civil rights and suffrage movements, as well as an author and playwright.


The Gertrude E. Rush Distinguished Service Award is given by the National Bar Association.

As of 2017, the Iowa National Bar Association is erecting a public art project, A Monumental Journey, in honor of Rush and the others who opened the profession of law to African Americans.


By Jenny Vrentas, SI: Don Banks Remembered As a Trusted Scribe and a Voice of Reason
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Posted by Peter H. Li, Research Scientist and Jeremy Maitin-Shepard, Software Engineer, Connectomics at Google Google AI Blog: An Interactive, Automated 3D Reconstruction of a Fly Brain
Marion Owen Lagniappe (LAN-yap) = A little bit extra: 3 Personal Stories to Prove that Miracles Do Happen
GlacierHub—Newsletter—August 5, 2019: The newest official to be appointed to the Interior Department, Robert Wallace previously worked as a Republican staffer, GE lobbyist, and park ranger. More ->

The Rural Blog: Medicare-Medicaid agency hikes payments to rural hospitals; A town with moxie and a history of slavery dedicates a statue of a native, a pioneering black woman journalist and more ->
Fast Company Compass: What the most productive people keep on their desks; Domino’s is locked in a legal battle over the future of web design and more ->
By Christine Schmidt, NiemanLab: Why The New York Times is covering newspaper closures as a national story (and how local outlets can collaborate) “What are the big significant things occurring in the U.S. right now? This is way, way up there. We’d be derelict if we weren’t covering it.”
TechWalla: Tesla’s Dangerous ‘Dog Mode’ Bug Has Been Fixed; This New Power Bank Allows You to Watch 35 Hours of Videos on Your Phone; Amazon Now Requires Companies to Use Less Packaging and more ->
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCCLXIII): A 392 year old shark discovered in the Arctic Ocean (that means he was wandering the oceans back in 1627); The tiny video store that survived Netflix; The Totally Adorable Ferves Ranger; Also adorable: Donkey Nannies; Finger Limes and more ->





FYI August 04, 2019

On This Day

1863 – Matica slovenská, Slovakia’s public-law cultural and scientific institution focusing on topics around the Slovak nation, is established in Martin.
The Matica slovenská (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈmacitsa ˈslɔʋɛnskaː]) is Slovakia’s scientific and cultural institution focusing on topics around the Slovak nation.

This all-nation cultural institution of the Slovaks was established in 1863 as a result of the Slovak national efforts to lay the foundations of Slovak science, libraries and museums. Nowadays it is governed by the “Act on Matica slovenská” of 1997.

The modern sense of the name is Slovak Foundation/Association, historically: Slovak (Bee) Mother. Matica slovenská’s name is a source of puzzlement among many Slovaks. “Matica” used in this context is a Serbian word and means “source” or “mother bee”. The Matica concept of volunteer cultural associations became popular in other Slavic countries.

In today’s Slovak language, “matica” means “matrix”. “Matica” used in this context is as well a Slovakian word and it means to: connect to something more solid (connect to motherboard): [“pritiahnúť ku, skrútiť, pripojiť, spojiť a neoddeliť”]. In this context “matica slovenská” could easily be understood as sort of attachment, being linked to its Slavic predecessors and its Slavic history to its motherland.

The anniversary of the 1863 establishment of Matica slovenská on August 4 is locally known as Deň Matice Slovenskej, a Remembrance Day in Slovakia.

The first Matica (1863 – 1875)

The founding of the Matica was inspired by the establishment of the Serbian Matica (Matica srpska) in 1826 and of the Czech “Matice česká” in 1831. The Slovak Matica went on from the Tatrín association (1844 – 1849, the first Slovak nationwide cultural institution).

Slovakia was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, which in turn was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It was the Austrian emperor who – as a reaction to the many requirements of the 1861 Memorandum of the Slovak Nation – allowed the Slovaks to found a national cultural institution – they were allowed to found a “unity of lovers of Slovak life and nation”. As a result, the Matica slovenská was founded on August 4, 1863 at an assembly of some 5000 Slovak patriots in Turčiansky Svätý Martin (today Martin). It was based in the same town and was financed exclusively by voluntary donations from Slovaks and from the Austrian emperor. The first chairman was Štefan Moyses and his vice-chairmen were Karol Kuzmány, Ján Országh and Ján Francisci-Rimavský. In 1873, the Matica had some 1300 members, many of which included entities such as municipalities, libraries, schools and associations.

The Matica slovenská drew members from all parts of the nation. It became the representative and symbol of Slovak “independence”. From the beginning, the Matica was forbidden to be involved in political activities and to establish local branches. Nevertheless, its supporters could be found in many towns and settlements and its membership was quite large. The Matica was especially involved in collecting activities – it laid the foundation of national librarianship, and of archives and museum sciences in Slovakia. It also developed a broad education program for the public, published various practical manuals, calendars, readers, and scientific monographs, and initiated the development of amateur theatre and of social singing. It also supported research activities and published the results of the research in the first Slovak scientific journal “Letopisy” (literally: annals). Finally, the Slovak National Museum was founded within the Matica. The establishment of scientific departments (linguistics, law and history, philosophy, mathematics etc.) was in preparation in 1871, but could not be carried out anymore before 1875 (see below). Gradually, Matica became a center for organizing the national life of the Slovaks and served as a substitute for national political institutions, whose establishment was prohibited in the Kingdom of Hungary under the conditions of strong Magyarisation efforts.

The then Hungarian minister of the interior Kálmán Tisza had Matica abolished by force – by the decree No. 125 of April 6, 1875 and confiscation of its property (consisting exclusively of donations) in favour of the state. The official reasons given were that Matica was “against the government” and “anti-patriotic” – statements for which there was not the least evidence. The confiscated property went to support the process of enforced Magyarisation (e.g. the foundation of the pro-Magyarisation Upper Hungary Magyar Educational Society). When interpellated by a Serbian member of the Diet (there were no Slovak deputies in the Diet) why Matica’s property was not returned to the Slovaks, the then prime minister Kálmán Tisza answered that he did not know of a Slovak nation.



Born On This Day

1904 – Helen Kane, American singer and actress (d. 1966)
Helen Kane (born Helen Clare Schroeder, August 4, 1904[1] – September 26, 1966) was an American singer. Her signature song was “I Wanna Be Loved by You”. Kane’s voice and appearance were a source for Fleischer Studios animator Grim Natwick when creating Betty Boop. Kane attempted to sue the studio for claims of stealing her signature “boop-a-doop” style. However, it was revealed that Kane copied that style from Harlem jazz singer Baby Esther leading to the case’s dismissal.




By Adam Sweeting, The Guardian: DA Pennebaker obituary Maker of idiosyncratic documentary films including Dont Look Back, about Bob Dylan’s 1965 UK tour

Donn Alan Pennebaker (/ˈpɛniːbeɪkər/; July 15, 1925 – August 1, 2019) was an American documentary filmmaker and one of the pioneers of Direct Cinema. Performing arts and politics were his primary subjects. In 2013, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences recognized his body of work with an Academy Honorary Award or “lifetime Oscar”.[1]

Pennebaker has been described as “arguably the pre-eminent chronicler of Sixties counterculture”.[2]

Comments include John Connolly’s Charlie Parker books!
By Emily Alford, Jezebel: Saturday Night Social: Badass 91-Year-Old Diane Hoffman Sets Track and Field World Record
By Elizabeth Yuko, Lifehacker: Access Millions of Newly Digitized Holocaust Records for Free
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Jasmine Johnson-Kennedy 14milefarm: Shop Update August 4th @noon Alaska time.
Kings River Life Magazine: Neighborhood Watch, Making a Difference in Reedley and more ->
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By Donna Freydkin, Fatherly: The Rock on His Daughters, Divorce, and Being the Nicest Guy in Hollywood Unsurprisingly, Dwayne Johnson’s actions speak louder than his words.


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By Jeeperron: Not Hot – Texas Toothpicks (Grilled Jalapeno’s)
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A Taste of Alaska: Keto Cheesecake for My 2 Year Anniversary
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FYI August 03, 2019

On This Day

1972 – The United States Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM Treaty or ABMT) (1972—2002) was an arms control treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union on the limitation of the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems used in defending areas against ballistic missile-delivered nuclear weapons. Under the terms of the treaty, each party was limited to two ABM complexes, each of which was to be limited to 100 anti-ballistic missiles.[1]

Signed in 1972, it was in force for the next 30 years.[2] In 1997, five years after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, four former Soviet republics agreed with the United States to succeed the USSR’s role in the treaty. In June 2002 the United States withdrew from the treaty, leading to its termination.



Born On This Day

1902 – Regina Jonas, German rabbi (d. 1944)
Regina Jonas ([ʀeˈɡiːna ˈjoːnas]; 3 August 1902 – 12 October/12 December 1944) was a Berlin-born rabbi.[1] In 1935, she became the first woman to be ordained as a rabbi.[1] There had been some women before Jonas who made significant contributions to Jewish thought, such as the Maiden of Ludmir, Asenath Barzani, and Lily Montagu, who acted in similar roles without being ordained.

Early life
Jonas’ father, who was probably her first teacher, died when she was 13. Like many women at that time, she followed a career as a teacher but was not content with the career she chose. In Berlin, she enrolled at the Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums, (Higher Institute for Jewish Studies)—the Academy for the Science of Judaism, and took seminary courses for liberal rabbis and educators. There she graduated as an “Academic Teacher of Religion.”

With the goal of becoming a rabbi, Jonas wrote a thesis that would have been an ordination requirement. Her topic was “Can a Woman Be a Rabbi According to Halachic Sources?” Her conclusion, based on Biblical, Talmudic, and rabbinical sources, was that she should be ordained. However, the Talmud professor responsible for ordinations refused her because she was a woman. Jonas applied to Rabbi Leo Baeck, spiritual leader of German Jewry, who had taught her at the seminary. He also refused because the ordination of a female rabbi would have caused massive intra-Jewish communal problems with the Orthodox rabbinate in Germany.

On 27 December 1935, Regina Jonas received her semicha and was ordained by the liberal Rabbi Max Dienemann, who was the head of the Liberal Rabbis’ Association, in Offenbach am Main.[1] Jonas found work as a chaplain in various Jewish social institutions while attempting to find a pulpit.

Persecution and death
Because of Nazi persecution, many rabbis emigrated and many small communities were without rabbinical support. The duress of Nazi persecution made it impossible for Jonas to hold services in a synagogue, and she was soon ordered into forced labor. Despite this, she continued her rabbinical work as well as teaching and holding services.

On 4 November 1942, Regina Jonas had to fill out a declaration form that listed her property, including her books. Two days later, all her property was confiscated “for the benefit of the German Reich.” The next day, 5 November 1942, the Gestapo arrested her and she was deported to Theresienstadt. She continued her work as a rabbi, and Viktor Frankl, the well-known psychologist, asked her for help in building a crisis intervention service to improve the possibility of surviving by helping to prevent suicide attempts. Her particular job was to meet the trains at the station. There she helped people cope with shock and disorientation.

Regina Jonas worked tirelessly in the Theresienstadt concentration camp for two years, her work including giving lectures on different topics. She was deported with other prisoners to Auschwitz in mid-October 1944, where she was murdered either less than a day[2][3] or two months[4][5] later. She was 42 years old.

Of the many who lectured in Theresienstadt, including Leo Baeck,[6] none ever mentioned her name or work.[7]


Regina Jonas’s work was rediscovered in 1991 by Dr. Katharina von Kellenbach, a researcher and lecturer in the department of philosophy and theology at St. Mary’s College of Maryland, who had been born in Germany.[8] In 1991 she traveled to Germany to research material for a paper on the attitude of the religious establishment (Protestant and Jewish) to women seeking ordination in 1930s Germany.[8] She found an envelope containing the only two existing photos of Regina Jonas, as well as Jonas’ rabbinical diploma, teaching certificate, seminary dissertation and other personal documents, in an archive in East Berlin. It was newly available because of the fall of the Soviet Union and the opening of eastern Germany and other archives.[8][9] It is largely due to von Kellenbach’s discovery that Regina Jonas is now widely known.[9]

In 1999, Elisa Klapheck published a biography about Regina Jonas and a detailed edition of her thesis, “Can Women Serve as Rabbis?”.[1][10] The biography, translated into English in 2004 under the title Fräulein Rabbiner Jonas – The Story of the First Woman Rabbi, gives voice to witnesses who knew or met Regina Jonas personally as rabbi in Berlin or Theresienstadt. Klapheck also described Jonas’ love relationship with Rabbi Josef Norden.

A hand-written list of 24 of her lectures entitled “Lectures of the One and Only Woman Rabbi, Regina Jonas”, still exists in the archives of Theresienstadt. Five lectures were about the history of Jewish women, five dealt with Talmudic topics, two dealt with biblical themes, three with pastoral issues, and nine offered general introductions to Jewish beliefs, ethics, and the festivals.[citation needed]

A large portrait of Regina Jonas was installed on a kiosk that tells her story; it was placed in Hackescher Market in Berlin, as part of a citywide exhibition titled “Diversity Destroyed: Berlin 1933-1938-1945,” to commemorate the 80th anniversary of the National Socialists’ rise to power in 1933 and the 75th anniversary of the November pogrom, or Kristallnacht, in 1938.[11]

In 1995, Bea Wyler, who had studied at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in New York, became the first female rabbi to serve in postwar Germany, in the city of Oldenburg.[12]

In 2001, during a conference of Bet Debora (European women rabbis, cantors and rabbinic scholars) in Berlin, a memorial plaque was revealed at Jonas’ former living place in Krausnickstraße 6 in Berlin-Mitte.[citation needed]

In 2003 and 2004, Gesa Ederberg and Elisa Klapheck were ordained in Israel and the US, leading later on egalitarian congregations in Berlin and Frankfurt. Klapheck is the author of Fräulein Rabbiner Jonas – The Story of the First Woman Rabbi (2004).[citation needed]

In 2010, Alina Treiger, who studied at the Abraham Geiger College in Potsdam, became the first female rabbi to be ordained in Germany since Regina Jonas.[13]

In 2011, Antje Deusel became the first German-born woman to be ordained as a rabbi in Germany since the Nazi era.[14] She was ordained by Abraham Geiger College.[14]

2013 saw the premiere of the documentary Regina,[15] a British, Hungarian, and German co-production[16] directed by Diana Groo.[17] The film concerns Jonas’s struggle to be ordained and her romance with Hamburg rabbi Josef Norden.[18]

On 5 April 2014, an original chamber opera, also titled “Regina” and written by composer Elisha Denburg and librettist Maya Rabinovitch, premiered[19] in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It was commissioned and performed by the independent company Essential Opera and featured soprano Erin Bardua in the role of Regina, and soprano Maureen Batt as the student who uncovers her forgotten legacy in the archives of East Berlin in 1991. The opera is scored for five voices, clarinet, violin, accordion, and piano.[citation needed]

On 17 October 2014, which was Shabbat Bereishit, communities across America commemorated Regina Jonas’s yahrzeit (anniversary of death).[20]

In 2014, a memorial plaque to Regina Jonas was unveiled at the former Nazi concentration camp Theresienstadt in the Czech Republic, where she had been deported to and worked in for two years.[21][22] There is a short documentary about the trip on which this plaque was unveiled, titled In the Footsteps of Regina Jonas.[23][24]

In 2015, Abraham Geiger College and the School of Jewish Theology at the University of Potsdam marked the 80th anniversary of Regina Jonas’s ordination with an international conference, titled “The Role of Women’s Leadership in Faith Communities.”[25]

In 2017, Nitzan Stein Kokin, who was German, became the first person to graduate from Zecharias Frankel College in Germany, which also made her the first Conservative rabbi to be ordained in Germany since before World War II.[26][27]



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My Recipe Treasures: Butterfinger Cookies




FYI August 02, 2019

On This Day

1918 – The first general strike in Canadian history takes place in Vancouver.
The 1918 Vancouver General Strike was the first general strike in Canadian history[1] and was held 2 August 1918. It was organized as a one-day political protest against the killing of draft evader and labour activist Albert “Ginger” Goodwin, who had called for a general strike in the event that any worker was drafted against their will.

The strike was met with violence from returned soldiers who had been mobilized and supplied with vehicles to storm the Labour Temple at 411 Dunsmuir Street (the present-day 411 Seniors Centre). Three hundred men ransacked the offices of the Vancouver Trades and Labour Council (VTLC), twice attempted to defenestrate VTLC secretary Victor Midgely and forced him and a longshoreman to kiss the Union Jack. A woman working in the office was also badly bruised when she prevented Midgely from being thrown out the window. Labour activist and suffragette Helena Gutteridge was also at the scene, but was unscathed.

In response to virulent opposition from business and the middle class, strike leaders could point to the vote by VTLC delegates that supported the strike 117 to 1. After the strike, all the strike leaders resigned and nearly all were re-elected, demonstrating widespread support for the action amongst organized workers and that it was not the product of a Bolshevik conspiracy.

Although the strike call was province-wide, it was only in the city that it took general strike proportions. Numerous other strikes took place in the city that year, and the general strike was as much a show of labour strength as much as it was a political protest over Goodwin’s death. War-time inflation reduced real income profoundly. Other factors such as the Bolshevik Revolution the previous year and the realization that capital profited immensely from the First World War while workers were cannon fodder fuelled the belief that labour deserved more than what employers were voluntarily willing to give. Although only one day in duration, the 1918 strike was thus an important marker in the Canadian labour revolt that peaked with the Winnipeg General Strike the following year. A 1919 Vancouver strike in sympathy with Winnipeg would be the longest general strike in Canadian history.


Born On This Day

1870 – Marianne Weber, German sociologist and suffragist (d. 1954)
Marianne Weber (born Marianne Schnitger, 2 August 1870 – 12 March 1954) was a German sociologist, women’s rights activist and the wife of Max Weber.

Childhood, 1870–1893

Marianne Schnitger was born on 2 August 1870 in Oerlinghausen to medical doctor Eduard Schnitger and his wife, Anna Weber, daughter of a prominent Oerlinghausen businessman Karl Weber.[1] After the death of her mother in 1873, she moved to Lemgo and was raised for the next fourteen years by her grandmother and aunt. During this time, both her father and his two brothers went mad and were institutionalized.[2] When Marianne turned 16, Karl Weber sent her off to fashionable finishing schools in Lemgo and Hanover, from which she graduated when she was 19. After the death of her grandmother in 1889, she lived several years with her mother’s sister, Alwine, in Oerlinghausen.

In 1891, Marianne began to spend time with the Charlottenburg Webers, Max Jr. and his mother, Helene, in particular. She became very close to Helene, who she would refer to as being “unaware of her own inner beauty”.[3] In 1893, she and Max Weber married in Oerlinghausen and moved into their own apartment in Berlin.



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Great comments!





FYI August 01, 2019

On This Day

1893 – Henry Perky patents shredded wheat.
Shredded wheat is a breakfast cereal made from whole wheat formed into pillow-shaped biscuits. It is commonly available in three sizes: bite-sized (¾×1 in), miniature (nearly half the size of the bite-sized pieces), and original. Both smaller sizes are available in a frosted variety, which has one side coated with sugar and usually gelatin. Some manufacturers have produced “filled” versions of the bite-size cereal containing a raisin at the center, or apricot, blueberry, raspberry or cranberry filling.

In the United States, shredded wheat is most heavily advertised and marketed by Post Foods, which acquired the product in 1993 through its parent company, Kraft Foods, buying it from its long-time producer Nabisco. Kellogg’s sells eight varieties of miniature, or bite-sized, shredded wheat cereal. Natural and organic manufacturer Barbara’s Bakery makes an all-natural version of shredded wheat. In the United Kingdom, the Shredded Wheat brand is owned by Cereal Partners, a Nestlé/General Mills company, although there are many generic versions and variants by different names. It was first made in the United States in 1893, while UK production began in 1926.



Born On This Day

1910 – Gerda Taro, German war photographer (d. 1937)
Gerta Pohorylle (1 August 1910 – 26 July 1937), known professionally as Gerda Taro, was a German Jewish war photographer active during the Spanish Civil War. She is regarded as the first woman photojournalist to have died while covering the frontline in a war.

Taro was the companion and professional partner of photographer Robert Capa. The name “Robert Capa” was originally an alias that Taro and Capa (born Endre Friedmann) shared, an invention meant to mitigate the increasing political intolerance in Europe and to attract the lucrative American market. A significant amount of what is credited as Robert Capa’s early work was actually made by Taro.

Early life
Pohorylle was born on 1 August 1910 in Stuttgart, Germany to Gisela Boral and Heinrich Pohorylle, a middle-class Jewish family that had recently emigrated from East Galicia. There she attended the Queen Charlotte High School (de) and later a business college, spending a year at a Lausanne boarding school in between.[3][4][5]

In 1929, the family moved to Leipzig, just prior to the rise of Nazi Germany. Taro opposed the National Socialist German Workers Party (the name of the Nazi party in Germany) and became interested in Leftist politics. In 1933, following the Nazi party’s coming to power, she was arrested and detained for distributing propaganda against the National Socialists. Eventually, the entire Pohorylle household was forced to leave Germany toward different destinations. Taro, age 23, headed for Paris, while her parents attempted to reach mandatory Palestine (also known as Eretz Yisrael at that time by Jews seeking to reestablish a safe homeland). Her brothers went to England. She would not see her family again.[5][6][7]

Taro’s career was brief, but with great impact on photojournalism, especially in war.




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Fans can visit to find out more and add their submissions* through August 18 by 11:59 p.m. ET. The final videos will be available on Queen’s official YouTube channel this fall.
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FYI July 31, 2019

On This Day

781 – The oldest recorded eruption of Mount Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: 6th day of the 7th month of the 1st year of the Ten’o (天応) era).
Mount Fuji (富士山 Fujisan, IPA: [ɸɯꜜdʑisaɴ] (About this soundlisten)), located on Honshū, is the highest volcano in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft), 2nd-highest peak of an island (volcanic) in Asia, and 7th-highest peak of an island in the world.[1] It is a dormant stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–1708.[4][5] Mount Fuji lies about 100 kilometers (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo, and can be seen from there on a clear day. Mount Fuji’s exceptionally symmetrical cone, which is snow-capped for about 5 months a year, is commonly used as a symbol of Japan and it is frequently depicted in art and photographs, as well as visited by sightseers and climbers.[6]

Mount Fuji is one of Japan’s “Three Holy Mountains” (三霊山 Sanreizan) along with Mount Tate and Mount Haku. It is also a Special Place of Scenic Beauty and one of Japan’s Historic Sites.[7] It was added to the World Heritage List as a Cultural Site on June 22, 2013.[7] According to UNESCO, Mount Fuji has “inspired artists and poets and been the object of pilgrimage for centuries”. UNESCO recognizes 25 sites of cultural interest within the Mount Fuji locality. These 25 locations include the mountain and the Shinto shrine, Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha, as well as the Buddhist Taisekiji Head Temple founded in 1290, later immortalized by Japanese ukiyo-e artist Katsushika Hokusai.



Born On This Day

1904 – Brett Halliday, American engineer, surveyor, and author (d. 1977)
Brett Halliday (July 31, 1904 – February 4, 1977) is the primary pen name of Davis Dresser, an American mystery and western writer. Halliday is best known for the long-lived series of Michael Shayne mysteries he wrote and later commissioned others to write. Dresser wrote westerns, non-series mysteries, and romances under the names Asa Baker, Matthew Blood, Kathryn Culver, Don Davis, Hal Debrett, Anthony Scott, Peter Field, and Anderson Wayne.

Dresser was born in Chicago, Illinois, but mostly grew up in West Texas. Here he lost an eye to barbed wire as a boy, and thus had to wear an eye patch for the rest of his life.

At the age of 14, he ran away from home and enlisted in the U.S. 5th Cavalry Regiment at Fort Bliss, Texas, followed by a year of Border Patrol duty on the Rio Grande. After his service, he returned to Texas to finish high school. In search of adventure, Dresser traveled throughout the Southwest working at various odd jobs, including that of muleskinner, farm hand, deckhand on a freighter in the Gulf of Mexico, laborer in the California oilfields, etc. Eventually, he went to Tri-State College of Engineering, where he received a certificate in civil engineering. Back in Texas, he worked as an engineer and surveyor for several years before turning to writing in 1927.

After his first marriage (to Kathleen Rollins, who had two daughters from a previous marriage), Dresser was married to mystery writer Helen McCloy from 1946 to 1961; they had a daughter named Chloe. As partners, they formed a literary agency called Halliday and McCloy. Dresser also established Torquil Publishing Company, which published his books as well as those of other authors, from 1953 to 1965. In 1961, he married Mary Savage, also a writer; their son, Halliday, was born in 1965.

The first Shayne novel was rejected by 21 publishers before being accepted by Henry Holt & Co. in 1939. The Shayne series went on to be highly successful, reprinted in many editions and translated into French, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Japanese and Hebrew.

A radio series based on the Shayne character was heard during the 1940s. Twelve motion pictures were made, seven of them featuring Lloyd Nolan as Shayne. Five of the Nolan films, which were produced by 20th Century Fox, have been released on DVD: Michael Shayne, Private Detective; Sleepers West; Dressed to Kill; Blue, White and Perfect and The Man Who Wouldn’t Die. After the Fox series ended, five more Shayne films were made by PRC which featured Hugh Beaumont as the detective. There was also a TV series in 1960, starring Richard Denning, as well as a pulp fiction magazine that began as Michael Shayne Mystery Magazine and ran for nearly 30 years. The 2005 film Kiss Kiss Bang Bang is based partly on Halliday’s novel Bodies Are Where You Find Them. The 2016 film The Nice Guys gave an acknowledgment to the works of Brett Holliday.[1]

In 1958, Dresser ceased penning the novels published under the name “Brett Halliday”, and Dell Publishers arranged for ghostwriters, among them Bill Pronzini and Robert Terrell.

Dresser was a founding member of the Mystery Writers of America, and in 1954 he and McCloy were given Edgar Awards for their critical writings on the genre.

He lived in Santa Barbara, California, until his death at the age of 72.


FYI Hall of Fame linebacker Nick Buoniconti dies at 78

Nicholas Anthony Buoniconti (December 15, 1940 – July 30, 2019) was an American Football League (AFL) and National Football League (NFL) middle linebacker, who played for the Boston Patriots and Miami Dolphins. Buoniconti was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2001.

Early life and family
Buoniconti was born to Nicholas Anthony Buoniconti Sr. and Pasqualina “Patsy” Mercolino in Springfield, Massachusetts. The couple ran a family bakery in the predominantly Italian South End of the city. He was raised Roman Catholic and played football for Cathedral High School, where a plaque honoring him as a “Hometown Hall of Famer” was unveiled in 2012.[1][2]

In 1985, his son Marc suffered a spinal cord injury making a tackle for The Citadel, rendering him a quadriplegic.[3] Nick became the public face of the group that founded the Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, now one of the world’s leading neurological research centers.

Buoniconti graduated from Notre Dame, and was drafted by the American Football League’s Patriots in the thirteenth round of the 1962 AFL draft.

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One bullet.
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FYI July 30, 2019

On This Day

1932 – Premiere of Walt Disney’s Flowers and Trees, the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy Award winning cartoon short.
Flowers and Trees is a 1932 Silly Symphonies cartoon produced by Walt Disney, directed by Burt Gillett, and released to theatres by United Artists on July 30, 1932.[2] It was the first commercially released film to be produced in the full-color three-strip Technicolor process[3] after several years of two-color Technicolor films. The film was a commercial and critical success, winning the first Academy Award for Best Cartoon Short Subject.[2]

During spring the flowers, mushrooms, and trees do their calisthenics. Some trees play a tune, using vines for harp strings and a chorus of robins. A fight breaks out between a waspish-looking hollow tree and a younger, healthier tree for the attention of a female tree. The young tree emerges victorious, but the hollow tree retaliates by starting a fire. The plants and animals try to extinguish or evade the blaze. By poking holes in clouds and making it rain, the birds manage to put out the fire, although the hollow tree perishes and dies forever in the flames. The young tree then proposes to the female tree, with a caterpillar serving as a ring, and they embrace as a 12-color rainbow forms behind them.

In May 1932, the first three-strip Technicolor camera was completed.[4] Herbert Kalmus wanted to test it in the animation field, giving the company time to build enough cameras to offer the whole movie industry, but could not find any interested animators. Finally Walt Disney agreed to try it as an experiment on Flowers and Trees,[4] which was already in production in black-and-white, and ordered the cartoon redone in color. The color animation caused the production to run over budget, potentially ruining Disney financially, but the cartoon proved so popular that the profits made up for the budget overage.[5]

As a result of the success of Flowers and Trees, all future Silly Symphonies cartoons were produced in three-strip Technicolor. The added novelty of color helped to boost the series’ previously disappointing returns. Disney’s other cartoon series, the Mickey Mouse shorts, were deemed successful enough not to need the extra boost of color, remaining in black-and-white until The Band Concert (1935).

Disney’s exclusive contract with Technicolor, in effect until the end of 1935, forced other animation producers such as Ub Iwerks and Max Fleischer to use Technicolor’s inferior two-color process or a competing two-color system such as Cinecolor.

Flowers and Trees was the first animated film to win an Oscar at the fifth Academy Awards in 1932. It won an Oscar for best “Short Subjects, Cartoons”, a category first introduced that year.[6]

Home video
The short was released on the 2001 Walt Disney Treasures DVD box set Silly Symphonies.[2]

Born On This Day

1913 – Lou Darvas, American soldier and cartoonist (d. 1987)
Louis F. Darvas (30 July 1913 – February 1987) was an American artist and sports cartoonist. He received the National Cartoonist Society Sports Cartoon Award for 1963 and 1967 for his work.

He also authored a book called “You Can Draw Cartoons”, published in 1960 by Doubleday.

Darvas was born in Cleveland, Ohio. He started his artistic journey as a cartoonist at Thomas Jefferson Junior High School, and then at the West Technical High School through the 11th grade. He then got a job scrapping old signs for an advertising firm, while he followed his cartoonist training in night art classes at John Huntington Institute.


Darvas’s first newspaper job was with the Toledo News Bee as an artist. He moved to Cleveland and worked with the Cleveland Press from 1938 onwards.

During World War II, he served in the United States Army Air Corps as head of the drafting and art room of the senior staff school supervising charts and graphs for secret Air Force statistical records. During his stint in the Army, he won the first place for cartoons in the art show of the Army Air Corps Tactical Center at Orlando, Florida in 1944.

He was the author of a daily comic strip called “Half Nelson” for the Chicago Sun-Times Syndicate for a year before returning to Cleveland Press.

His work appeared regularly from 1946 onwards on the cover of the Sporting News.

Lou Darvas died aged 73, and was survived by his wife Margaret, his daughters Janet and Laura, his son Robert, his stepdaughter Terry Rohde, 2 grandchildren and a sister.


He was inducted into the Hall of Fame of the Sports Media Association and received the National Cartoonist Society Award for the best work in the field of sports in 1964 and 1968.

External links
NCS Awards
Lou Darvas’ Book.
Lou Darvas Course on DVD.



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