Category: FYI


FYI February 27, 2018


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On This Day

1939 – United States labor law: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that sit-down strikes violate property owners’ rights and are therefore illegal.

A sit-down strike is a labor strike and a form of civil disobedience in which an organized group of workers, usually employed at factories or other centralized locations, take unauthorized or illegal possession of the workplace by “sitting down” at their stations. The attraction for workers of a sit-down strike is that the practice prevents employers from replacing them with strikebreakers or removing equipment to transfer production to other locations. Neal Ascherson has commented that an additional attraction of the practice is that it emphasises the role of workers in providing for the people, and allows workers to in effect hold valuable machinery hostage as a bargaining chip.[1]

Workers have used this technique since the beginning of the 20th century in countries such as United States, Italy, Poland, Yugoslavia, and France. However, sit-down strikes are now uncommon.
Notable examples

The radical syndicalist group Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) were the first American union to use the sit-down strike. On December 10, 1906, at the General Electric Works in Schenectady, New York, 3,000 workers sat down on the job and stopped production to protest the dismissal of three fellow IWW members.[2][3] The three fired IWW members were ultimately rehired.[4]

The United Auto Workers staged successful[clarification needed] sit-down strikes in the 1930s, most famously in the Flint Sit-Down Strike of 1936-1937. In Flint, Michigan, strikers occupied several General Motors plants for more than forty days, and repelled the efforts of the police and National Guard to retake them. A wave of sit-down strikes followed, but diminished by the end of the decade as the courts and the National Labor Relations Board held that sit-down strikes were illegal and sit-down strikers could be fired (see the 1939 Supreme Court ruling in NLRB v. Fansteel Metallurgical Corp.). While some sit-down strikes still occur in the United States, they tend to be spontaneous and short-lived.

French workers engaged in a number of factory occupations in the wake of the French student revolt in May 1968. At one point more than twenty-five percent of French workers were on strike, many of them occupying their factories.[citation needed]

In 1973, the workers at the Triumph Motorcycles factory at Meriden, West Midlands locked the new owners, NVT, out following the announcement of their plan to close Meriden. The sit-in lasted over a year until the British government intervened, the result of which was the formation of the Meriden Motorcycle Co-operative which produced Triumphs until their closure in 1983.[citation needed]

The sit-down strike was the inspiration for the sit-in, where an organized group of protesters would occupy an area in which they are not wanted by sitting and refuse to leave until their demands are met.

See also
Timeline of labor issues and events


Born On This Day

1859 – Bertha Pappenheim, Austrian-German activist and author (d. 1936)
Bertha Pappenheim (February 27, 1859 – May 28, 1936) was an Austrian-Jewish feminist, a social pioneer, and the founder of the Jewish Women’s Association (Jüdischer Frauenbund). Under the pseudonym Anna O., she was also one of Josef Breuer’s best documented patients because of Freud’s writing on Breuer’s case.


Bertha Pappenheim was born on 27 February 1859 in Vienna as the third daughter of Siegmund Pappenheim and Recha Pappenheim. Her father Sigmund, (1824–1881) a merchant, was the son of an Orthodox Jewish family from Preßburg (today’s Bratislava, Slovakia), then Austria-Hungary and was the cofounder of the Orthodox Schiffschul in Vienna; the family name alludes to the Franconian town of Pappenheim. Her mother Recha, née Goldschmidt (1830–1905), was from Frankfurt am Main. Her mother came from an old and wealthy Frankfurt family. As “just another daughter” in a strictly traditional Jewish household, Bertha was conscious that her parents would have preferred a male child. Kaplan, M. A. (1979).[1] Both families came from traditional Jewish marriage views and had roots in Orthodox Judaism. Bertha was raised in the style of well-bred young ladies of good class. She attended a Roman Catholic girls’ school and led a life structured by the Jewish holiday calendar and summer vacations in Ischl.

When she was 8 years old her oldest sister Henriette (1849–1867) died of “galloping consumption.”[2] When she was 11 the family moved from Vienna’s Leopoldstadt, which was primarily inhabited by poverty-ridden Jews, to Liechtensteinstraße in the 9th District Alsergrund. She left school when she was sixteen, devoted herself to needlework and helped her mother with the kosher preparation of their food. Her 18-month-younger brother Wilhelm (1860–1937) was meanwhile attending high school, which made Bertha intensely jealous.[3]




By David Tracy: Detroit’s Craigslist Sellers Are In Denial About Their Cars’ Rust

By Ryan Felton: How Goodyear Destroyed The Alleged Smoking Gun On ‘The Worst Tire Made In History’
By Emma Baccellieri: Buzz Williams Grabs Mic To Tell Fans To “Quit Cussin'” In Win Over Duke
By Kate Bernot: This month in overturned trucks: breakfast sausage, cattle, 77,000 pounds of chicken sludge
By Brett Samuels: Orlando enacts policy to make social media threats against schools illegal
By Michael Harriot: Woman Who Lied to Police About 3 Black Men Raping and Kidnapping Her Faces Zero Years in Prison
The beautiful, blond Texas Beckymonster who falsely told police that she was raped and kidnapped by three black men agreed to a plea deal that will result in the extreme penalty of never being punished for her crime.
By Jen Harper: Join Us at B&N on Friday March 2nd for a Dr. Seuss Birthday Celebration!
March 2 is an important day for book nerds—it’s Dr. Seuss’s birthday! The wildly popular author, who brought us perennial picture-book favorites like The Cat in the Hat and The Lorax, would have been 114 this year. And what better way to celebrate this special day than with your fellow Seuss fans at Barnes & Noble?

Join us on Friday, March 2nd at your local B&N store for a Dr. Seuss Birthday Celebration! Festivities start at 6:30pm. There will be a Storytime featuring several beloved Dr. Seuss classics, along with games and other fun activities!
By Aaron Cain and Will Muprhy: Author Frank Bill
You just don’t sit down and write one day, you go out and get a job. Go out and meet people. You gotta have some life experience. You gotta have a well to dip into. You gotta have some knowledge.

Frank Bill is an author from Corydon, Indiana. His first collection of short stories, Crimes in Southern Indiana, was one of GQ’s “Favorite Books of 2011,” and a “Daily Beast Best Debut.” His first novel, Donnybrook, is about a three-day, bare-knuckle fighting tournament held on a fenced-in plot of land in rural Southern Indiana.
By Dave Walhman: Frank Bill-The Man, The Myth, The Legend by Dave Wahlman
Pénélope Bagieu celebrates history’s rebellious women with Brazen biographies
By Tauri Cox: How to use setting to bring your story to life
By Gary Price: New Modern Language Association (MLA) Documents Trends in Language Study
By Gary Price: A New Coalition, the Global Book Alliance, Begins Work to Close the Children’s Book Gap
By FRANCISCO CANTÚ: The Line Becomes a River: Dispatches from the Border
Francisco Cantú, who worked for the U.S. Border Patrol for nearly four years, was not your typical agent. In The Line Becomes a River, his beautiful and devastating memoir of his time patrolling the border in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, he gives one migrant the actual shirt off his back before buying him a meal. Another migrant, abandoned by her group when she can’t keep up, can hardly walk when she’s apprehended by agents in the desert. Cantú, in an act rich with symbolism, tenderly washes her blistered feet.
By elizabeth Segran: Levi’s Invented A Laser-Wielding Robot That Makes Ethical Jeans
Atlas Obscura: Italy’s Forgotten Villas, Flamingo Mystery, Underwater Walk and more

By Heather Chapman: First story from ProPublica’s Local Reporting Network says nuclear lab workers may have been exposed to toxin
By Heather Chapman: Oxycontin maker quietly but repeatedly tried to weaken laws that can help send corporate executives to jail
By Suhair Khan: With just a flick of a wand, “Harry Potter: A History of Magic” is on Google Arts & Culture
By James Whitbrook: You Can Magically Visit Parts of the British Library’s Harry Potter Collection Online
By Eva Snee: Capture more of your favorite moments with Google Clips
By Muggle Magic: The Monster Book of Monsters

By Hometalk Highlights: 10 Genius Ways to Use Cinder Blocks in Your Garden
By Hometalk Highlights: 15 Budget Outdoor Updates to Turn Your Yard Into a Relaxing Getaway
By Hometalk Highlights: 13 Unique Garden Borders Your Neighbors Will Stop to Admire
By Laura Kennedy Hometalker Canada: A Beautiful Rose Textured Pillow Made From an Inexpensive Drop Cloth

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Vector’s World: Lima, Peru

This interior is in a building in Lima, Peru. It was built in 1912.

Vector’s World

Colin Marshall: A Demonstration of Perfect Samurai Swordsmanship

The age of the samurai has long since ended, but does its spirit live on? You might well feel that, despite everything, the flame of the samurai still burns in Japan today after watching the swordsmanship skills on display in the clip above. Or perhaps we should call it swordswomanship: the modern-day warrior executing those perfect cuts is the daughter of grandmaster Fumon Tanaka, and her bearing and self-possession bring to mind the onna bugeisha of old Japan. And as we see, gender matters not at all in the stark reality of blade on bone — or in this case, blade on a similarly dense stalk of bamboo.

Tanaka, showing an imperfectly cut piece of bamboo, explains that its curved edge means “your left and right hands are not balanced. If a samurai decapitates a man with this bad technique, it would cause great pain. It has to be one precise cut. That is the way of the samurai.”

His daughter then demonstrates just how handily she can attend to any of your decapitation needs, halving the bamboo with what her father deems “a perfect straight cut.” Though it only takes a single stroke, that single stroke comes as the culmination of years and years of work toward mastery — and work that, in this modern onna bugeisha’s case, no doubt began early indeed.

Read complete article ->

From Obligation to Opportunity, Wonder, Our Learning Platform, Poetry and More…

One of the mainstays of living gratefully is cultivating a capacity for surprise. Being surprised rests in releasing expectations, assumptions, and what we think we know and want, and welcoming what arrives into our experience with fresh eyes, curiosity, and a willingness to learn from it.

Gratefulness offers abundant pathways and opportunities to awaken to the many gifts of your life. May you avail yourself of the grace and generosity that is offered to you here, and in the unfolding moments of this precious day.

From Obligation to opportunity
What would it take to see the considerations, commitments and responsibilities in our lives as our riches, blessings and privileges? What can we do to remember our good fortune in having people and things to consider and tend as we move through our days?
Explore this powerful practice…

Blog: Wonder
“When people are struck with wonder, they generally are not yelling, arguing, fighting, or angry. Wonder provides a moment where we can hold hands, (perhaps) tear up, and find common ground.” Katie Steedly guides us to ponder the impact of wonder.
Read more…

Read complete newsletter -> From Obligation to Opportunity, Wonder, Our Learning Platform, Poetry and More…

16 Homesteading Lessons I Wish I Knew When I Started Out

As we prepare for the third spring on our humble New England homestead, a mighty February rainstorm is turning our yard into a muddy mess. Maple sap is boiling on the wood stove; it will be syrup we can preserve in a few more hours.

Our cupboards are starting to look a little bare (although not as bare as they did in our first winter here), and tomato seedlings are beginning to sprout from our lean-to greenhouse outside the kitchen. We’ll start direct sowing beets and carrots in a few short weeks, right around when our new baby chicks arrive in the mail.

We’ve come a long way from when we first arrived here, as brand-new homesteaders, just a few short years ago.

Read complete article -> 16 Homesteading Lessons I Wish I Knew When I Started Out

FYI February 26, 2018


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On This Day

1616 – Galileo Galilei is formally banned by the Roman Catholic Church from teaching or defending the view that the earth orbits the sun.
The Galileo affair (Italian: il processo a Galileo Galilei) was a sequence of events, beginning around 1610,[1] culminating with the trial and condemnation of Galileo Galilei by the Roman Catholic Inquisition in 1633 for his support of heliocentrism.[2]

In 1610, Galileo published his Sidereus Nuncius (Starry Messenger), describing the surprising observations that he had made with the new telescope, namely the phases of Venus and the Galilean moons of Jupiter. With these observations he promoted the heliocentric theory of Nicolaus Copernicus (published in De revolutionibus orbium coelestium in 1543). Galileo’s initial discoveries were met with opposition within the Catholic Church, and in 1616 the Inquisition declared heliocentrism to be formally heretical. Heliocentric books were banned and Galileo was ordered to refrain from holding, teaching or defending heliocentric ideas.[3]

Galileo went on to propose a theory of tides in 1616, and of comets in 1619; he argued that the tides were evidence for the motion of the Earth. In 1632 Galileo, now an old man, published his Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, which implicitly defended heliocentrism, and was immensely popular. Responding to mounting controversy over theology, astronomy and philosophy, the Roman Inquisition tried Galileo in 1633 and found him “vehemently suspect of heresy”, sentencing him to indefinite imprisonment. Galileo was kept under house arrest until his death in 1642.



Born On This Day

1903 – Giulio Natta, Italian chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
Giulio Natta (26 February 1903 – 2 May 1979) was an Italian chemist and Nobel laureate. He won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963 with Karl Ziegler for work on high polymers. He was also a recipient of Lomonosov Gold Medal in 1969.[1]

Early years

Natta was born in Imperia, Italy. He earned his degree in chemical engineering from the Politecnico di Milano university in Milan in 1924. In 1927 he passed the exams for becoming a professor there. In 1933 he became a full professor and the director of the Institute of General Chemistry of Pavia University, where he stayed until 1935. In that year he was appointed full professor in physical chemistry at the University of Rome.[1]

From 1936 to 1938 he moved as a full professor and director of the Institute of Industrial Chemistry at the Polytechnic Institute of Turin. In 1938 he took over as the head of the Department of chemical engineering at the Politecnico di Milano university, in a somewhat controversial manner, when his predecessor Mario Giacomo Levi was forced to step down because of racial laws against Jews being introduced in Fascist Italy.[1]

Natta’s work at Politecnico di Milano led to the improvement of earlier work by Karl Ziegler and to the development of the Ziegler-Natta catalyst. He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963 with Karl Ziegler for their research in high polymers.

Personal life
In 1935 Natta married Rosita Beati, a woman of great culture and sensitivity, who helped his career in many ways. A graduate in literature, she coined the terms “isotactic”, “atactic” and “syndiotactic” for polymers discovered by her husband.[2] They had two sons, Giuseppe and Franca. Beati died in 1968.[1]

Natta was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease in 1956. By 1963, his condition had progressed to the point that he required the assistance of his son and four colleagues to present his speech at the Nobel ceremonies in Stockholm. Prof. Natta died in Bergamo, Italy at age 76.[1]

Giulio biography at the Nobel Foundation




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FYI February 25, 2018


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On This Day

1870 – Hiram Rhodes Revels, a Republican from Mississippi, is sworn into the United States Senate, becoming the first African American ever to sit in the U.S. Congress.
Hiram Rhodes Revels (September 27, 1827[note 1] – January 16, 1901) was an American politician, a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), and a college administrator. Born free in North Carolina, he later lived and worked in Ohio, where he voted before the Civil War. He became the first African American and Native American to serve in the U.S. Congress when he was elected to the United States Senate as a Republican to represent Mississippi in 1870 and 1871 during the Reconstruction era.

During the American Civil War, Revels had helped organize two regiments of the United States Colored Troops and served as a chaplain. After serving in the Senate, Revels was appointed as the first president of Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College (now Alcorn State University) and served from 1871 to 1873 and 1876 to 1882. Later in his life, he served again as a minister.

Early life and education
Revels was born free in Fayetteville, North Carolina, to free people of color, parents of African and European ancestry. He was taught by a local black woman for his early education. In 1838 he went to live with his older brother , Elias B. Revels, in Lincolnton, North Carolina, and was apprenticed as a barber in his brother’s shop. After Elias Revels died in 1841, his widow Mary transferred the shop to Hiram before she remarried-married again.[citation needed] Revels attended the Union County Quaker Seminary in Indiana, and Darke County Seminary in Ohio.[1] He was a second cousin to Lewis Sheridan Leary, one of the men who was killed taking part in John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry and 2 North Carolina lawyer and politician John S. Leary.[2]

In 1845 Revels was ordained as a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME); he served as a preacher and religious teacher throughout the Midwest: in Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Tennessee, Missouri, and Kansas.[1] “At times, I met with a great deal of opposition,” he later recalled. “I was imprisoned in Missouri in 1854 for preaching the gospel to Negroes, though I was never subjected to violence.”[3] During these years, he voted in Ohio.

He studied religion from 1855 to 1857 at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois. He became a minister in a Methodist Episcopal Church in Baltimore, Maryland, where he also served as a principal for a black high school.[4]

As a chaplain in the United States Army, Revels helped recruit and organize 2 black Union regiments during the Civil War in Maryland and Missouri. He took part at the battle of Vicksburg in Mississippi.[5]



Born On This Day

1670 – Maria Margarethe Kirch, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1720)
Maria Margaretha Kirch (née Winckelmann, in historic sources named Maria Margaretha Kirchin; 25 February 1670 – 29 December 1720) was a German astronomer, and one of the first famous astronomers of her period due to her writings on the conjunction of the sun with Saturn, Venus, and Jupiter in 1709 and 1712 respectively.[1]

Early life
Maria was educated from an early age by her father, a Lutheran minister, who believed that she deserved an education equivalent to that given to young boys of the time.[2] At the age of 13 she had lost her both her father and mother. By that time she had also received a general education by her brother-in-law Justinus Toellner and the well-known astronomer Christoph Arnold, who lived nearby.[3] Her education was continued by her uncle. As Maria, had an interest in astronomy from an early age, she took the opportunity of studying with Arnold, a self-taught astronomer who worked as a farmer in Sommerfeld, near Leipzig. She became Arnold’s unofficial apprentice and later his assistant, living with him and his family.[2] However, astronomy was not organised entirely along guild lines.[4]

Through Arnold, Maria met the famous German astronomer and mathematician Gottfried Kirch, who was 30 years her senior. They married in 1692, later having four children, all of whom followed in their parents’ footsteps by studying astronomy.[5] In 1700 the couple moved to Berlin, as the elector ruler of Brandenburg Frederick III, later Frederick I of Prussia, had appointed Gottfried Kirch as his royal astronomer.[6]




By Gary Price: Massachusetts: Man in Custody After Fatal Double Stabbing at Winchester Public Library
By Whitney Kimball: Beloved Bollywood Icon Sridevi Kapoor Has Passed Away at 54
Sridevi Kapoor, arguably the biggest Bollywood actor of the ‘80s and ‘90s and known, commonly, as “Sridevi,” has died of a heart attack at 54, BBC reports.
By William Hughes: R.I.P. Notting Hill actress Emma Chambers
By Carolyn Beeler: Bering Sea loses half its sea ice over two weeks
By David Tracy: ‘Heroic’ Fiat Chrysler Designer Used His Jeep To Push A Burning Car Away From A Crashed Car With Two Trapped Inside (UPDATED)
Gilles explained that he was lucky he was in something with a big bumper and four-wheel drive that night:

“I still have no idea where that (thought) came from,” Gilles told this reporter. “The only thing I can remember thinking (is) I’ve got a Jeep, it’s got a bumper on it, I think I can do this. All I could think about were the two people still inside the other car.”

“I give the Jeep a lot of credit because had I been in my (Dodge) Challenger, I wouldn’t have had the traction to do it,” Gilles noted. “Luckily, we had the Jeep that night. I put it in four-wheel drive and it worked perfectly.”

By Alex Hevesy: News Crew Films A Pothole Blow Out The Tires Of 19 Cars

By Mike Vago: The young Pope John XII died as he lived: Fornicating
With more than 5.5 million articles, Wikipedia is an invaluable resource, whether you’re throwing a term paper together at the last minute, or you were fascinated to learn that The Pope Smokes Dope. We explore some of Wikipedia’s oddities in our 5,577,091-week series, Wiki Wormhole.

This week’s entry: Pope John XII
What it’s about: Perhaps not The Young Pope, but certainly a young pope. Octavianus of Spoleto was somewhere between the ages of 17 to 24, depending on which version of events you believe, when he ascended to the papacy. Perhaps owing to his youth, or perhaps because he was granted the office due to political maneuverings and not any particular show of holiness, “his pontificate became infamous for the alleged depravity and worldliness with which he conducted it.”
By Pablo Stanley: Caffeine-infused design comics
By Gary Price: Digital Collections: Librarians Digitally Archive Rare White House Images
By EmDirr @ How to Keep Nibblers From Your Garden!
By Elania M.: Stamped Heart Shortbread Cookies
By PieBaby89: Ribbed Crochet Pullover With Hoodie
By johnnyblegs: How to Build Your Own BBQ Barrel



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Brian Mast -> Opinion | I’m Republican. I Appreciate Assault Weapons. And I Support a Ban.

Opinion | I’m Republican. I Appreciate Assault Weapons. And I Support a Ban.
I’m a congressman who was in the Army. I know how lethal these weapons are because I used them in combat.

The most important and unregrettable time of my life was the 12 years I spent in the Army. I became a bomb technician because I wanted to save lives. I nearly gave my own life for that — I lost both my legs and a finger when a roadside bomb detonated beneath me — and have known more heroes than I can count who died defending others.

When I was with others on the battlefield and we saw a chance to save a life, we didn’t have a meeting about it; we acted immediately. I never worried about becoming a casualty myself.

Now, as a Republican congressman from Florida, I don’t fear becoming a political casualty, either. If we act now by changing laws surrounding firearms and mental illness, we too can save lives.

Read complete article Brian Mast -> Opinion | I’m Republican. I Appreciate Assault Weapons. And I Support a Ban.

Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings -> An Evolutionary Anatomy of Affect: Neuroscientist Antonio Damasio on How and Why We Feel What We Feel

“How and what we create culturally and how we react to cultural phenomena depend on the tricks of our imperfect memories as manipulated by feelings.”

“A purely disembodied human emotion is a nonentity,” William James wrote in his pioneering 1884 theory of how our bodies affect our feelings. In the century-some since, breakthroughs in neurology, psychobiology, and neuroscience have contributed leaps of layered (though still incomplete) understanding of the relationship between the physical body and our emotional experience. That tessellated relationship is what neuroscientist Antonio Damasio examines in The Strange Order of Things: Life, Feeling, and the Making of Cultures (public library) — a title inspired by the disorienting fact that several billion years ago, single-cell organisms began exhibiting behaviors strikingly analogous to certain human social behaviors and 100 million years ago insects developed interactions, instruments, and cooperative strategies that we might call cultural. That such sociocultural behaviors long predate the development of the human brain casts new light on the ancient mind-body problem and offers a radical revision of how we understand mind, feeling, consciousness, and the construction of cultures.

Read complete article -> An Evolutionary Anatomy of Affect: Neuroscientist Antonio Damasio on How and Why We Feel What We Feel

Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings -> The Temple of Knowledge: An Animated Celebration of How Libraries Change Lives

One man’s love letter to finding higher horizons among the stacks.

“Knowledge sets us free, art sets us free. A great library is freedom,” Ursula K. Le Guin wrote in her beautiful essay on the sacredness of public libraries. “A library is a rainbow in the clouds,” Maya Angelou exulted in reflecting on how a library saved her life. It was thanks to the library that James Baldwin read his way from Harlem to the literary pantheon. “You never know what troubled little girl needs a book,” Nikki Giovanni wrote in one of her wonderful poems celebrating libraries and librarians.

Read complete article -> The Temple of Knowledge: An Animated Celebration of How Libraries Change Lives