Category: FYI


Simple As That: Find the Good Fridays

“Be the reason someone believes in the goodness of people.”
Find the Good Fridays

A collection of articles, quotes and people that have been filling me up in one way or another. I hope you enjoy this little burst of goodness as you head into the weekend.
Read more: Find the Good

FYI February 08, 2018


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On This Day

1885 – The first government-approved Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii.
The Japanese in Hawaii (simply Japanese or “Local Japanese”, rarely Kepanī) are the second largest ethnic group in Hawaii. At their height in 1920, they constituted 43% of Hawaii’s population.[2] They now number about 16.7% of the islands’ population, according to the 2000 U.S. Census. The U.S. Census separately categorizes mixed-race individuals, so the proportion of people with some Japanese ancestry is likely much larger.[3]
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1887 – The Dawes Act authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.
The Dawes Act of 1887 (also known as the General Allotment Act or the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887),[1][2] adopted by Congress in 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe would be granted United States citizenship. The Dawes Act was amended in 1891, in 1898 by the Curtis Act, and again in 1906 by the Burke Act.

The Act was named for its creator, Senator Henry Laurens Dawes of Massachusetts. The objectives of the Dawes Act were to abolish tribal and communal rights of Native Americans in order to stimulate assimilation of them into mainstream American society, and thereby lift Native Americans out of poverty. Individual household ownership of land and subsistence farming on the European-American model was seen as an essential step. The act provided that the government would classify as “excess” those Indian reservation lands remaining after allotments, and sell those lands on the open market, allowing purchase and settlement by non-Native Americans.

The Dawes Commission, set up under an Indian Office appropriation bill in 1893, was created to try to persuade the Five Civilized Tribes to agree to allotment plans. (They had been excluded from the Dawes Act by their treaties.) This commission registered the members of the Five Civilized Tribes on what became known as the Dawes Rolls.

The Curtis Act of 1898 amended the Dawes Act to extend its provisions to the Five Civilized Tribes; it required abolition of their governments, allotment of communal lands to people registered as tribal members, and sale of lands declared surplus, as well as dissolving tribal courts. This completed the extinguishment of tribal land titles in Indian Territory, preparing it to be admitted to the Union as the state of Oklahoma.

During the ensuing decades, the Five Civilized Tribes lost 90 million acres of former communal lands, which were sold to non-Natives. In addition, many individuals, unfamiliar with land ownership, became the target of speculators and criminals, were stuck with allotments that were too small for profitable farming, and lost their household lands. Tribe members also suffered from the breakdown of the social structure of the tribes.

During the Great Depression, the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration supported passage on June 18, 1934 of the US Indian Reorganization Act (also known as the Wheeler-Howard Law). It ended land allotment and created a “New Deal” for Indians, renewing their rights to reorganize and form their self-governments.[3]

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Born On This Day

1850 – Kate Chopin, American author (d. 1904)
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By Assoicated Press: Internet pioneer, songwriter John Perry Barlow dies at 70
John Perry Barlow, an internet activist and former lyricist for the Grateful Dead, has died.
By Hannah Gold: Gerber Announces First ‘Spokesbaby’ With Down Syndrome
By David Tracy: Watch Detroit’s Massive Potholes Send Cars Spinning Out Of Control

By Maddie Stone: We Just Found Out that Deep Sea Vents Are Nurseries
ARKive Blog – Vote: Favorite Unloved Species
By Associated Press: Missouri woman finds neighbor’s dog riding pony
By Gwen Ihnat: Dunkin’ Donuts to stop serving coffee in its iconic foam cups
By Kate Bernot: Ben & Jerry’s piles on the truffles to both fantastic and mediocre results
By Julia Winn: Feel the love this Valentine’s Day with Google Photos
The Media School Report: Research colloquium to celebrate electronic bulletin board system’s 30th anniversary
By Jennifer Flynn: Writing from home requires discipline. Here are 10 freelancing resources to keep you on task.
By Chris Eger: New ‘gun’ looks to zap unfriendly drones out to 1km
With more and more weaponized drones on the horizon and the prospect that non-nation states have access to an increasingly serious array of armed RC craft, the drone gun market could be a cash cow in the future.
By Heather Chapman: Lawsuits allege Monsanto forced farmers to buy dicamba-resistant seeds, and that dicamba damaged crops
Also on Feb. 1 a federal judicial panel consolidated nine lawsuits against Monsanto filed in four states, all alleging crop damage from dicamba, into the same eastern Missouri court where the Forest River Farms suit was filed. “Those cases allege that Monsanto marketed dicamba-resistant seeds knowing that would tempt farmers to use dicamba — which has proven destructive to neighboring crops — before Monsanto had regulatory approval to market its low-drift version of the pesticide,” Tyler reports.
By Heather Chapman: Rural Ky. teen hosts popular fishing channel on YouTube

By OZY Editors: Is America Too Patriotic? We Asked, You Answered
By Pablo Esparza Altuna: Welcome to Spanish Lapland, Where (Almost) Nobody Lives
By Colin Marshall: How the Brilliant Colors of Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts Were Made with Alchemy

By tatebullrider: How to Build a Car Tire Unicycle

Cold brew.
By Katherine Schwab: Paging Lazy Coffee Snobs: “Instant” Pour-Over Is Here

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By Birdz of a Feather: A New Technique for the Ultimate Mini Gluten-Free Pizzas!

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Classic: Your English lesson for today….

For all of you who wonder why folk from other countries have a bit of trouble with the English language. This is a clever piece put together by an English teacher, who else??

*Homographs are words of like spelling but with more than one meaning. A homograph that is also pronounced differently is a heteronym.* *You think English is easy??* *I think a retired English teacher was bored…THIS IS GREAT !*

*Read all the way to the end……………..This took a lot of work to put together!*
1) The bandage was *wound* around the *wound*.
2) The farm was used to *produce produce*.
3) The dump was so full that it had to *refuse* more *refuse*.
4) We must *polish* the *Polish* furniture.
5) He could *lead*if he would get the *lead* out.
6) The soldier decided to *desert* his dessert in the *desert*.
7) Since there is no time like the *present*, he thought it was time to *present* the *present*.
8) A *bass* was painted on the head of the *bass* drum.
9) When shot at, the *dove dove *into the bushes.
10) I did not *object* to the *object*.
11) The insurance was *invalid* for the *invalid*.
12) There was a *row* among the oarsmen about how to *row*.
13) They were too *close* to the door to *close* it.
14) The buck *does* funny things when the *does* are present.
15) A seamstress and a *sewer* fell down into a *sewer* line.
16) To help with planting, the farmer taught his *sow* to *sow*.
17) The *wind* was too strong to *wind* the sail.
18) Upon seeing the *tear* in the painting I shed a *tear*.
19) I had to *subject* the *subject* to a series of tests.
20) How can I *intimate* this to my most *intimate* friend?

Let’s face it – English is a crazy language. There is no egg in eggplant, nor ham in hamburger; neither apple nor pine in a pineapple. English muffins weren’t invented in England or French fries in France. Sweetmeats are candies while sweetbreads, which aren’t sweet, are meat. We take English for granted. But if we explore its paradoxes, we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is it a pig.
And why is it that writers write but fingers don’t fing, grocers don’t groce and hammers don’t ham? If the plural of tooth is teeth, why isn’t the plural of booth, beeth? One goose, 2 geese. So one moose, 2 meese? One index, 2 indices? Doesn’t it seem crazy that you can make amends but not one amend? If you have a bunch of odds and ends and get rid of all but one of them, what do you call it?
If teachers taught, why didn’t preachers praught? If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat? Sometimes I think all the English speakers should be committed to an asylum for the verbally insane. In what language do people recite at a play and play at a recital? Ship by truck and send cargo by ship? Have noses that run and feet that smell? How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites? You have to marvel at the unique lunacy of a language in which your house can burn up as it burns down, in which you fill in a form by filling it out and in which, an alarm goes off by going on.
English was invented by people, not computers, and it reflects the creativity of the human race, which, of course, is not a race at all. That is why, when the stars are out, they are visible, but when the lights are out, they are invisible.
List of English homographs
PS. – Why doesn’t ‘Buick’ rhyme with ‘quick’? AND If a male goat is called a ram and a donkey is called an ass, why is a ram-in-the-ass called a goose?

FYI February 07, 2018


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On This Day

1497 – The Bonfire of the Vanities occurs, during which supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burn cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy.
A bonfire of the vanities (Italian: falò delle vanità) is a burning of objects condemned by authorities as occasions of sin. The phrase usually refers to the bonfire of 7 February 1497, when supporters of the Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola collected and publicly burned thousands of objects such as cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy, on the Mardi Gras festival.[1] Such bonfires were not invented by Savonarola, but had been a common accompaniment to the outdoor sermons of San Bernardino di Siena in the first half of the century.

The focus of this destruction was nominally on objects that might tempt one to sin, including vanity items such as mirrors, cosmetics, fine dresses, playing cards, and even musical instruments. Other targets included books that were deemed to be immoral, such as works by Boccaccio, and manuscripts of secular songs, as well as artworks, including paintings and sculpture.

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Born On This Day

1906 – Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov, Russian engineer, founded the Antonov Aircraft Company (d. 1984)
Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov (Russian: Оле́г Константи́нович Анто́нов, ; 7 February 1906 – 4 April 1984) was a prominent Soviet aircraft designer, and the first chief of Antonov – a world-famous aircraft company in Ukraine, later named in his honour.

Antonov was personally responsible for designing a number of very successful Soviet airplanes (such as the Antonov An-12) and gliders for both civilian and military use.

Early life
Antonov was born on 7 February 1906 in Troitsy (now Podolsky District of the Moscow Oblast), Russian Empire of Russian Ethnicity.[1][unreliable source?] In 1912, the Antonovs moved to Saratov, where he attended the non-classical secondary school (now gymnasium №1) and secondary school (now school №23). From an early age, Antonov was fascinated with aviation and spent much of his spare time at the local airfield.

Early engineering career
At the age of 17, Antonov founded the “Amateur Aviation Club” and later joined the “Organization of Friends of the Air Force”. Later he designed the OKA-1 “Pigeon”, a glider that was entered in a competition in Moscow where he won the first prize, a flight on a Junkers 12 aircraft.[2]

In 1930, Antonov graduated from the Kalinin Polytechnical Institute in Leningrad. He continued to design gliders and in 1931 Antonov became the chief designer at the Moscow Glider Factory. During the next eight years, he designed 30 different gliders including the Standard-1, Standard-2, OKA-6 and the large “City of Lenin” glider. Due to a requirement that all pilots in the Soviet Union had to begin their flight training in gliders, Antonov was able to produce up to 8,000 gliders per year.[2]

In 1938, after an incident when an instructor defected to the West using a glider, the Soviet government reversed its decision regarding glider training, banned the sport of gliding and shut down the Moscow Glider Factory.

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By Ellie Shechet: Man Arrested Twice on Domestic Violence Charges Shot and Killed Ex-Girlfriend on the Street
A man who had previously been arrested on domestic violence charges twice and released pending trial, shot and killed his ex-girlfriend on the street on Tuesday, NBC New York reports. Law enforcement sources told NBC New York that Kareem Dawson, 31, chased after and shot Tiffany Wilson, 28, who was the mother of his two children.
By Michael Ballaban: The Falcon Heavy’s Boosters’ Landings Made Twin Triple Sonic Booms And They’re Loud As Hell
By Andrew P. Collins: Here’s How Jay Leno’s Car Detailer Recommends You Clean Your Ride
By Kashmir Hill and Surya Mattu: The House That Spied on Me
By Heather Graham: Minnesota holding workshops for law enforcement on farmers’ mental-health issues; high suicide rate noted
By Stephanie Donovan – Blog Profiles: Zero Waste Blogs
By Josh Jones: 1,600 Occult Books Now Digitized & Put Online, Thanks to the Ritman Library and Da Vinci Code Author Dan Brown
By Colin Marshall: NASA Puts 400+ Historic Experimental Flight Videos on YouTube

By Dan Colman: Bill Gates Names His New Favorite Book of All Time: A Quick Introduction to Steven Pinker’s Enlightenment Now
By Tom Suddard: Car Shipping 101: Because You Can’t Drive Every Project Home
By Yutaka Ishii: Search your perfect image Introducing a new Unsplash search at STUDIO.
By Pablo Esparza Altuna: The House That Saved Refugee Mothers From the Spanish Civil War

It was December 1940, and most of the women in the maternity ward were Spanish Republicans who had fled across the border in February 1939 at the end of their country’s civil war. Soon they were joined by French, Eastern European, Jewish and Gypsy women fleeing the advancing Nazi war machine.
Webneel: 50 Valentine’s Day Free Design Resources – Download Free Vectors, PSD and Icons

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Atlas Obscura – The First Girl Scout Cookie Was Surprisingly Boring

Cookie Ancestor

From Thin Mints to decadent Peanut Butter Patties, Girl Scout cookies come in exciting flavors. Yet, the original recipe was surprisingly kind of boring.

The Borrowing Records of Famous Readers
The New York Society Library is a subscription library that has been around since 1754. With a few small gaps, the institution has preserved the circulation records of its members, including Alexander Hamilton, Willa Cather, and Nora Ephron.

An unassuming ranch house hides a treasure trove of unique gems and minerals.

Henrik Edberg – How to Live a Happy Life: 10 Things to Say Yes to Starting Today

“Very little is needed to make a happy life; it is all within yourself, in your way of thinking.”
Marcus Aurelius

Saying no is often the easier way out.

When you say no you can safely stay within your comfort zone. You don’t have to fear failing or being rejected. The scary unknown and sometimes difficult change can be avoided.

But if you say yes your life can expand and deepen. The yes allows you to open up your life to more happiness.

Today I would like to share 10 things that I have said yes to and that have helped me to become happier in my life.

Pick one of these that resonate the most with you and focus on making it a part of your life.

Read complete article ->

Henrik Edberg: 5 Effective Ways to Keep the Energy and Optimism Up During the Dark and Cold Winter

Up here in Sweden the winter is dark, cold and often comes with a mix of rain and snow. And spring is still far away.

It is not easy to keep the energy and optimism up like in the bright and warm summer days.

So today I’d like to share 5 habits I use that make it a lot easier to stay positive even throughout this dark and often grey season.

Read more -> Discover 5 simple habits that actually work to keep the energy and optimism up even though the winter might be cold, dark and dreary.

By Henrik Edberg: How to Overcome Frustration: 3 Simple but Effective Steps

Frustration. It winds you up and can take so much out of you.

Because it not only sucks energy but also distracts you and can steal quite a bit of time.

So what can you do?

Well, sometimes that frustration can actually be a positive and can give you a new idea or angle on things. Or it can give you the power to keep going just a little bit more until you reach your goal.

But when you start going in circles, when the frustration just makes you mad or your mind foggy and the day is starting to slip through your fingers then there are steps you can take.

There are ways to turn such a state of mind or day around.

Into something better. Into something more helpful. And into something that will make you feel better again.

Read more -> Overcome and stop your frustration right now by using these 3 simple and powerful steps.

SBHM: Black Suffragettes Time Has Forgotten

Fannie Lou Hamer

Hi friends! I’ve been putting out the call for months now to have people write guest posts for any of the Smithsonian Heritage Months. I’m very grateful that Cassandra Carr responded, a… Read more ->

SBHM: Black Suffragettes Time Has Forgotten

FYI February 06, 2018


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On This Day

AD 60 – The earliest date for which the day of the week is known.
A graffito in Pompeii identifies this day as a dies Solis (Sunday). In modern reckoning, this date would have been a Wednesday. However, according to the system of astrological hours that was originally used to designate the days of the week, a day that was dies Solis according to its sunset hour would have been dies Mercurii (Wednesday) according to its sunrise hour, the convention that finally won out. Accordingly, we know that the currently used cycle of weeks has extended unbroken since at least this date.

Born On This Day

1929 – Colin Murdoch, New Zealand pharmacist and veterinarian, invented the tranquilliser gun (d. 2008)
Colin Albert Murdoch ONZM (6 February 1929 – 4 May 2008) was a New Zealand pharmacist and veterinarian who made a number of significant inventions, in particular the tranquilliser gun, the disposable hypodermic syringe and the child-proof medicine container. He had a total of 46 patents registered in his name.[1]

Biographical background
Born in Christchurch, New Zealand, in 1929, to parents Mary Kathleen and Frank William James, Murdoch displayed a talent for chemistry at a very early age. Although he struggled through his schooling years with dyslexia, Murdoch already displayed an interest in both mechanical and technical skills. At the age of ten he successfully made gunpowder and came to the realization that an ignition could be caused by the mixing of certain nitrates and sulphuric acid. This discovery led the young Murdoch to build a successful firearm using a wick and a small asbestos-filled hammer.[2]

At the age of 13 he was awarded the Royal Humane Society Medal for saving a drowning man in the New Brighton estuary.[2]

Murdoch later came to outgrow his dyslexia and went on to study at The College of Pharmacy in Wellington. Following this, he completed a five-year apprenticeship and, like his father, became a pharmacist. He later studied to become a veterinarian. as he had an interest in not only human welfare, but also the welfare of animals.

Disposable hypodermic syringe
Both a pharmacist and a veterinarian, Murdoch was aware of the risks in reusing syringes. There was a high risk of passing infection from one patient to the next in both humans and animals, unless the glass syringe was sterilized accurately. Wanting to eliminate these risks, and needing more effective vaccination for his animal patients, Murdoch designed and invented the disposable hypodermic syringe, a plastic version of its glass predecessor. Murdoch presented the design to officials of the New Zealand Department of Health, who were skeptical, and believed it “too futuristic”, and that it would not be received well by both doctors and patients. Development of the syringe was held off for a few years due to lack of funding. Eventually, when he was granted both patents, Murdoch’s syringe became hugely successful, with millions used throughout the world every day. It is not widely known as a New Zealand design, although Murdoch’s achievements have been covered in the New Zealand media.

Tranquilliser gun
Main article: Tranquilliser gun
In the 1950s, while working with colleagues who were studying introduced wild goat, deer and tahr populations in New Zealand, Murdoch had the idea that the animals would be much easier to catch, examine and release if a dose of tranquilliser could be administered by projection from afar. Murdoch became experienced with repairing and modifying guns during World War II, as rifles and shot guns were not being imported into New Zealand at that time. With both motive and experience, Murdoch went on to develop a range of rifles, darts and pistols, which have had an enormous impact on the treatment and study of animals around the world.

At the time Murdoch started testing his gun, the only tranquilliser drugs available were curare and alkaloids of nicotine, both of which tended to have fatal reactions in a high percentage of animals. In partnership with pharmaceutical companies, he helped develop more sophisticated drugs with precise and safe reactions.

Paxarms Limited (which stands for peace and arms), Murdoch’s own company, has developed various systems for administering veterinary products to a range of animals.[3]

Colin Murdoch has been acknowledged for his life’s work. In 1976 he won three gold medals and a bronze at the World Inventions Fair in Brussels. The New Zealand Design Council has also honoured him and in 2000 he was made an Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to inventing. Time magazine included him in a list of the 100 most influential people of the South Pacific.[1]

Despite the relative ubiquity of his inventions, Murdoch did not become rich because of them. He deliberately chose not to sue companies that violated his patents, satisfied instead that they were being put to good use.

In his final years he lived quietly in Timaru until his death from cancer.



Community honors slain deputy hours after deadly shooting
By Ryan Felton: Amtrak Train Decouples While Traveling At 125 MPH: Report
One bullet for Polanski and the girl’s mother.
By Madeline Davis: Here’s Audio of Quentin Tarantino Defending Roman Polanski: 13-Year-Old Girl ‘Wanted to Have It’

By Yessenia Funes: We Finally Know Exactly How the Flint Water Crisis Killed 12 People
By Molly Osberg: How People Die in America
By Tom McKay: Report: Yale Dental Students, Staff Took Selfie With Severed Heads
By Alex McLevy: John Cena completes transformation into “John Cen-aww” by publishing children’s book
By Michael Ballaban: The Philippines Just Flattened A Whole Bunch Of Smuggled Cars With A Bulldozer
By Dan Colman: Download Free Coloring Books from Great Libraries, Museums & Cultural Institutions: The British Library, Smithsonian, Carnegie Hall & More
By Josh Jones: Hear Freddie Mercury’s Vocals Soar in the Isolated Vocal Track for “Somebody to Love”


By Pavni Diwanji: Resources for families to make choices about online safety
By Al Cross: As Trump appointees reconsider new mine-dust rules, researchers find largest cluster of advanced black lung ever
Norton, Va., lawyer Joe Wolfe said the federal government needs to declare a public-health emergency for the 50,000 miners still working. “New federal regulations that are supposed to limit exposure to dangerous levels of coal and silica dust were fully implemented in 2016, a few months before NPR first reported the PMF epidemic,” Berkes and Lancianese report. “The Trump administration recently announced a ‘retrospective study’ of the new regulations, which has mine safety advocates concerned, especially given the epidemic of the disease caused by mine dust.”
By Heather Chapman: Chapter of new book explores the news media’s failure to recognize rural America’s power in the 2016 election
By Heather Chapman: Nominations for SPJ’s Black Hole Award, which spotlights government secrecy, are due by Friday, Feb. 16
Submit nominations by emailing FOI Committee member Mike Farrell at or mail to him at the School of Journalism and Media, 144 Grehan Building, University of Kentucky,
Lexington, KY 40506-0042.
By Bara Vaida: How a debate over patient consent rules led to a book on vaccine history
By Jennifer A. Dixon: Guns in the Library | Safety & Security
Great idea! Students learn real skills and a benefical project is accomplished.
By Gary Price: Digital Curation: Pratt School of Information Students and New York Times Join Together For Digital Archive Project
By LisaRogak: Where to Get a Good Job Without a College Degree
By KatieKay: Easy Tissue Paper Flowers
By Crystal Allen Hometalker Canada: DIY Upcycled Pallet Rainbow Flower Garden
By Alicia W Hometalker Middletown, PA: Dollar Store Backsplash

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