Category: FYI

FYI

FYI May 18, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

332 – Constantine the Great announced free distributions of food to the citizens in Constantinople.
Constantine the Great (Latin: Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus;[2] Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February c. 272 AD[1] – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine,[3] was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD. He was the son of Flavius Valerius Constantius, a Roman Army officer, and his consort Helena. His father became Caesar, the deputy emperor in the west, in 293 AD. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under Emperors Diocletian and Galerius. In 305, Constantius raised himself to the rank of Augustus, senior western emperor, and Constantine was recalled west to campaign under his father in Britannia (Britain). Constantine was acclaimed as emperor by the army at Eboracum (modern-day York) after his father’s death in 306 AD, and he emerged victorious in a series of civil wars against Emperors Maxentius and Licinius to become sole ruler of both west and east by 324 AD.

As emperor, Constantine enacted administrative, financial, social, and military reforms to strengthen the empire. He restructured the government, separating civil and military authorities. To combat inflation he introduced the solidus, a new gold coin that became the standard for Byzantine and European currencies for more than a thousand years. The Roman army was reorganised to consist of mobile field units and garrison soldiers capable of countering internal threats and barbarian invasions. Constantine pursued successful campaigns against the tribes on the Roman frontiers—the Franks, the Alamanni, the Goths, and the Sarmatians—even resettling territories abandoned by his predecessors during the Crisis of the Third Century.

Constantine was the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity.[notes 1] Although he lived most of his life as a pagan, he joined the Christian faith on his deathbed, being baptised by Eusebius of Nicomedia. He played an influential role in the proclamation of the Edict of Milan in 313, which declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire. He called the First Council of Nicaea in 325 that produced the statement of Christian belief known as the Nicene Creed. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre was built on his orders at the purported site of Jesus’ tomb in Jerusalem and became the holiest place in Christendom. The Papal claim to temporal power in the High Middle Ages was based on the supposed Donation of Constantine (now regarded as a forgery). He is venerated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Church. He has historically been referred to as the “First Christian Emperor,” and he did heavily promote the Christian Church. Some modern scholars, however, debate his beliefs and even his comprehension of the Christian faith itself.[notes 2]

The age of Constantine marked a distinct epoch in the history of the Roman Empire.[7] He built a new imperial residence at Byzantium and renamed the city Constantinople after himself (the laudatory epithet of “New Rome” came later, and was never an official title). It became the capital of the Empire for more than a thousand years, with the later eastern Roman Empire now being referred to as the Byzantine Empire by historians. His more immediate political legacy was that he replaced Diocletian’s tetrarchy with the principle of dynastic succession by leaving the empire to his sons. His reputation flourished during the lifetime of his children and centuries after his reign. The medieval church upheld him as a paragon of virtue, while secular rulers invoked him as a prototype, a point of reference, and the symbol of imperial legitimacy and identity.[8] Beginning with the Renaissance, there were more critical appraisals of his reign due to the rediscovery of anti-Constantinian sources. Trends in modern and recent scholarship have attempted to balance the extremes of previous scholarship.

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Born On This Day

1048 – Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet (d. 1131)

Omar Khayyam (/ˈoʊmɑːr kaɪˈjɑːm/; Persian: عمر خیّام‎‎ [xæjˈjɑːm]; 18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet.[3][4]:7

As a mathematician, he is most notable for his work on the classification and solution of cubic equations, where he provided geometric solutions by the intersection of conics.[5][6] As an astronomer, he composed a calendar which proved to be a more accurate computation of time than that proposed five centuries later by Pope Gregory XIII.[7]:659[8]

Omar was born in Nishapur, in northeastern Iran. He spent most of his life near the court of the Karakhanid and Seljuq rulers in the period which witnessed the First Crusade. There is a tradition of attributing poetry to Omar Khayyam, written in the form of quatrains (rubāʿiyāt رباعیات‎). This poetry became widely known to the English-reading world due to the translation by Edward FitzGerald (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, 1859), which enjoyed great success in the Orientalism of the fin de siècle.

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FYI

By Clover Hope: A Plant Mom Grows in Brooklyn
 
 
 
 
By George Dvorsky: Hubble’s Latest Batch of Space Porn Is Some of the Best We’ve Ever Seen
 
 
 
 
By Katie Rife: This week’s animals (and 1 human child) want you to live each day to the fullest
 
 
 
 
A Message from the Director of the National Science Foundation
 
 
 
 
Courtesy of Barry Eisler-> By Mike Masnick: CIA: Collect It All A competitive card game based on the CIA’s declassified training game: Collection Deck.
A Game Designed By The CIA!

Now Shipping Internationally!

Ever wondered what it’s like to be a CIA operative? The CIA designed a classified card game which they use to train their analysts. They recently declassified it and we’re adapting the game so you can play it too.

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By Gary Price: National Library of Medicine to Discontinue PubMed Health on October 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Messy Nessy Weekend Conversation Starters: We Need to Talk About Zeki Müren, Yup that’s Prince Charles in an R&B sandwich*. Even With a Name Like Aloha Wanderwell, You’ve Probably Never Heard of Her, Yearbook Memories of a Historically Black University and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Eater Video and Clifford Endo: Watch: Techniques to Make the Perfect at-Home Burger You Can Do This hacks the humble cheeseburger to enhance flavor, eliminate soggy buns, and end slippery lettuce slides
 
 
 
 
By Daniela Galarza and Dana Hatic: A Brief History of British Royal Wedding Cakes
 
 
 
 

Ideas

Alicia W HometalkerMiddletown, PA: Epsom Salt for Your Plants – Inside and Out


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FYI May 17, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

1983 – The U.S. Department of Energy declassifies documents showing world’s largest mercury pollution event in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (ultimately found to be 4.2 million pounds), in response to the Appalachian Observer’s Freedom of Information Act request.
Oak Ridge is a city in Anderson and Roane counties in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Tennessee, about 25 miles (40 km) west of Knoxville. Oak Ridge’s population was 29,330 at the 2010 census.[5] It is part of the Knoxville Metropolitan Area. Oak Ridge’s nicknames include the Atomic City,[6] the Secret City,[7] the Ridge, and the City Behind the Fence.[8]

Oak Ridge was established in 1942 as a production site for the Manhattan Project—the massive American, British, and Canadian operation that developed the atomic bomb. As it is still the site of Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Y-12 National Security Complex, scientific development still plays a crucial role in the city’s economy and culture in general.

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Born On This Day

1860 – Charlotte Barnum, American mathematician and social activist (d. 1934)
Charlotte Cynthia Barnum (May 17, 1860 – March 27, 1934), mathematician and social activist, was the first woman to receive a Ph.D in mathematics from Yale University.[1]

Early life and education
Charlotte Barnum was born in Phillipston, Massachusetts, the third of four children of the Reverend Samuel Weed Barnum (1820–1891) and Charlotte Betts (1823–1899). Education was important in her family: two uncles had received medical degrees from Yale and her father had graduated from there with a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Divinity. Her brothers Samuel and Thomas would both graduate from Yale, and her sister Clara would attend Yale graduate school after graduating from Vassar.[2]

After graduating from Hillhouse High School in New Haven, Connecticut Charlotte attended Vassar College, where she graduated in 1881. From 1881 to 1886 she taught at a boys’ preparatory school, Betts Academy, in Stamford, Connecticut and at Hillhouse High School. She also did computing work for the Yale Observatory 1883–1885 and worked on a revision of James Dwight Dana’s System of Mineralogy. Charlotte was an editorial writer for Webster’s International Dictionary from 1886 to 1890, and then taught astronomy at Smith College for the academic year 1889–90.

In 1890 Charlotte applied for graduate studies at Johns Hopkins University, but was turned down because they did not accept women. She persisted and with the support of Simon Newcomb, professor of mathematics and astronomy at the university, she won approval to attend lectures without enrollment and without charge. Two years later, she moved to New Haven to pursue her graduate studies at Yale. In 1895 she was the first woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics from that institution. Her thesis was titled “Functions Having Lines or Surfaces of Discontinuity”. The identity of her adviser is unclear from the record.[2][3]


Later career

After receiving her Ph.D., Charlotte Barnum taught at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota for one year. She then left academia, and did civilian and governmental applied mathematics and editorial work the remainder of her career .

In 1898 she joined the American Academy of Actuaries and until 1901 worked as an actuarial computer for the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, Springfield, Massachusetts and the Fidelity Mutual Life Insurance Company in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

In 1901 she moved to Washington D.C. to work as a computer for US Naval Observatory. She subsequently did the same work for the tidal division of the US Coast and Geodetic Survey until 1908 and then was editorial assistant in the biological survey section of the US Department of Agriculture through 1913.

She left government employment and returned to New Haven in 1914 where she did editorial work for Yale Peruvian Expeditions, the Yale University secretary’s office, and the Yale University Press.

Starting in 1917 she worked in various organizations and academic institutions in Connecticut, New York and Massachusetts as an editor, actuary and teacher. All her life she was involved in social and charitable organizations and activities. In 1934 she died in Middletown, Connecticut of meningitis at the age of seventy-three.[2][3][4][5]

Memberships
One of the first women members of the American Mathematical Society[6]

Fellow, American Academy of Actuaries (AAAS)[2]

Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science[4]

Alumnae Member, Vassar College Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa[4]

Women’s Joint Legislative Commission (for equal rights)[2]

National Conference of Charities (now the National Conference on Social Welfare)[2]

Publications
1911: “The Girl Who Lives at Home: Two Suggestions to Trade Union Women,” (Life and Labor, Volume 1, 1911) p. 346.[2]
 
 
 
 

FYI

Recognize anyone?
By Rhett Jones: Here’s the Name of Every Senator Who Voted Against Net Neutrality—and When to Vote Them Out
 
 
 
 
By Justin T. Westbrook: Here’s How Ford Used One Of The World’s Biggest Planes To Get F-150 Production Back Up Again
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: The Mysteries of Antarctica’s Dark Winter, OCOTILLO, CALIFORNIA Flying Saucer Repairs and more ->
 
 
 
 

Vector’s World
 
 
 
 
Author: Evan Bush, The Seattle Times: ‘Demented social club’: Over 100 charges filed in probe of Northwest wildlife poaching ring

Unlike Washington, where spree killing is a felony, Oregon’s wildlife violations are misdemeanors.

Schwartz said his agency would like to see Oregon’s Legislature look at creating a felony statute for those who kill multiple animals in quick succession.
 
 
 
 
By Eillie Anzilotti: Can this new privately funded train reshape transit in Florida?
 
 
 
 

Ideas

Plan for 2019
Chas’ Crazy Creations: Tea Cup & Mug Exchange Reveal – Spring
 
 
 
 
By NadjasDiversDiversions: Techniques to Embed Flowers in Resin
 
 
 
 
By Tye Rannosaurus: Ultra Violet Lilac and Wild Rose Jelly
 
 
 
 
By javaman35: Carving Sticks Into Wooden Flowers
 
 
 
 
By Ryan110: A Sociable Bicycle
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

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Recipes

 
 

By slBarr: Slow Cooker Rosemary Garlic Beef Stew
 
 


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FYI May 16, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

1888 – Nikola Tesla delivers a lecture describing the equipment which will allow efficient generation and use of alternating currents to transmit electric power over long distances.
 
Nikola Tesla (/ˈtɛslə/;[2] Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Тесла Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [nikoːla tesla]; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American[3][4][5] inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.[6]

Born and raised in the Austrian Empire, Tesla received an advanced education in engineering and physics in the 1870s and gained practical experience in the early 1880s working in telephony and at Continental Edison in the new electric power industry. He emigrated to the United States in 1884, where he would become a naturalized citizen. He worked for a short time at the Edison Machine Works in New York City before he struck out on his own. With the help of partners to finance and market his ideas, Tesla set up laboratories and companies in New York to develop a range of electrical and mechanical devices. His alternating current (AC) induction motor and related polyphase AC patents, licensed by Westinghouse Electric in 1888, earned him a considerable amount of money and became the cornerstone of the polyphase system which that company would eventually market.

Attempting to develop inventions he could patent and market, Tesla conducted a range of experiments with mechanical oscillators/generators, electrical discharge tubes, and early X-ray imaging. He also built a wireless-controlled boat, one of the first ever exhibited. Tesla became well known as an inventor and would demonstrate his achievements to celebrities and wealthy patrons at his lab, and was noted for his showmanship at public lectures.

Throughout the 1890s, Tesla pursued his ideas for wireless lighting and worldwide wireless electric power distribution in his high-voltage, high-frequency power experiments in New York and Colorado Springs. In 1893, he made pronouncements on the possibility of wireless communication with his devices. Tesla tried to put these ideas to practical use in his unfinished Wardenclyffe Tower project, an intercontinental wireless communication and power transmitter, but ran out of funding before he could complete it.[7]

After Wardenclyffe, Tesla went on to try to develop a series of inventions in the 1910s and 1920s with varying degrees of success. Having spent most of his money, he lived in a series of New York hotels, leaving behind unpaid bills. Tesla died in New York City in January 1943.[8] His work fell into relative obscurity following his death, but in 1960, the General Conference on Weights and Measures named the SI unit of magnetic flux density the tesla in his honor.[9] There has been a resurgence in popular interest in Tesla since the 1990s.[10] His intellectual achievements and originality have made him named by many a genius.[11][12][13][14][15]

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Born On This Day

1925 – Nancy Roman, American astronomer
Nancy Grace Roman (born May 16, 1925) is an American astronomer who was one of the first female executives at NASA. She is known to many as the “Mother of Hubble” for her role in planning the Hubble Space Telescope. Throughout her career, Roman has also been an active public speaker and educator, and an advocate for women in the sciences.

Personal life
Nancy G. Roman was born in Nashville, Tennessee, to music teacher Georgia Smith Roman and geophysicist Irwin Roman. Because of her father’s work, the family relocated to Oklahoma soon after Roman’s birth. Roman and her parents moved to Houston, New Jersey, and to Michigan and Nevada later on. After 1955, she lived in Washington, DC.[1] Roman considered her parents to be major influences in her interest in science.[2] Outside of her work Roman enjoyed going to lectures and concerts and was active in the American Association of University Women.[1]

Education
When Roman was eleven years old, she showed interest in astronomy by forming an astronomy club among her classmates in Nevada. She and her classmates got together and learned about constellations from books once a week. Although discouraged by those around her, Roman knew by the time she was in high school that she wanted to pursue her passion for astronomy.[3] She attended Western High School in Baltimore where she participated in an accelerated program and graduated in three years.[2]

Roman attended Swarthmore College in 1946 where she received her Bachelor of Arts in Astronomy. While she studied there, she worked at the Sproul Observatory. After this she went on to receive her PhD in the same field at the University of Chicago in 1949. She stayed at the university for six more years working at the Yerkes Observatory, sometimes traveling to the McDonald Observatory in Texas to work as a research associate with W.W. Morgan.[4] The research position was not permanent, so Roman became an instructor and later an assistant professor.[2] Roman eventually left her job at the university because of the paucity of tenured research positions available to women at the time.[3] Roman continued to be involved with her alma maters, however; she served on Swarthmore’s Board of Observers from 1980 to 1988.[5]

Professional work
Whilst working at Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago, Roman observed the star AG Draconis and serendipitously discovered that its emission spectrum had completely changed since earlier observations.[6] She later credited the publication of that discovery as a stroke of luck that substantially raised her profile within the astronomical community, contributing to her career progression.[7]

After leaving the University of Chicago, Roman went to the Naval Research Laboratory and entered the radio astronomy program.[8] Roman’s work at the NRL included using nonthermal radio source spectra and doing geodetic work.[2] In the program she became the head of the microwave spectroscopy section.[3]

NASA
At a lecture by Harold Urey, Roman was approached by Jack Clark who asked whether she knew someone interested in creating a program for space astronomy at NASA. She interpreted that as an invitation to apply,[7] and was the one who accepted the position.[2] Roman was the first Chief of Astronomy in NASA’s Office of Space Science, setting up the initial program; she was the first woman to hold an executive position at the space agency.[8] Part of her job was traveling the country and speaking at astronomy departments, where she discussed the fact that the program was in development. Roman also was looking to find out what other astronomers wanted and educate them on the advantages of observing from space.[2][4][7] She was chief of astronomy and solar physics at NASA from 1961 to 1963. She held various other positions in NASA, including Chief of Astronomy and Relativity.[5]

During her employment at NASA, Roman developed and budgeted various programs and organized their scientific participation. She was involved in launching three Orbiting Solar Observatories and three Small Astronomical Satellites. These satellites used ultraviolet and x-ray technology for observing the sun, space and sky. She also oversaw the launches of other Orbiting Astronomical Observatories that used optical and ultraviolet Orbiting Astronomical Observatory, working with Dixon Ashworth. Others included four Geodetic satellites. She planned for other smaller programs such as the Astronomy Rocket Program, High Energy Astronomy Observatories, the Scout Probe to measure the relativistic gravity redshift and other experiments on Spacelab, Gemini, Apollo and Skylab.[9] Roman worked with Jack Holtz, too, on the Small Astronomy Satellite and Don Burrowbridge on Space Telescope.[2]

The last program in which she set up the committee and with which she was highly involved was the Hubble Telescope. Roman was very involved with the early planning and specifically the setting up of the program’s structure. Because of her contribution, she is often called the “Mother of Hubble.”[9] NASA’s current chief astronomer, who worked with Roman at the agency, calls her “the mother of the Hubble Space Telescope.” “Which is often forgotten by our younger generation of astronomers who make their careers by using Hubble Space Telescope,” says Ed Weiler. “Regretfully, history has forgotten a lot in today’s Internet age, but it was Nancy in the old days before the Internet and before Google and e-mail and all that stuff, who really helped to sell the Hubble Space Telescope, organize the astronomers, who eventually convinced Congress to fund it.” [4]

After working for NASA for twenty-one years, she continued, until 1997, her work for contractors who supported the Goddard Space Flight Center.[10] Roman was also a consultant for ORI, Inc. from 1980 to 1988.[5]

As a woman in science

Like most other women, Roman faced the problems of being a woman in the sciences in the mid-twentieth century. She was discouraged from going into astronomy by people around her[7] and was one of very few women in NASA at the time, being the only female with an executive position.[4] She attended courses called “Women in Management” in Michigan and at Penn State to learn about issues regarding being a woman in a management position. However, Roman stated in an interview in 1980 that the courses were dissatisfying and addressed women’s interests rather than women’s problems.[2]

Research and publications
One of Nancy Roman’s earliest publications was in 1955, after her work in the Yerkes and McDonald Observatories, in the Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series and was a catalog of high velocity stars. She documented new “spectral types photoelectric magnitudes and colors and spectroscopic parallaxes for about 600 high-velocity stars.”[11] Then in 1959, Roman wrote a paper on the detection of extraterrestrial planets.[2] Roman discovered that stars made of hydrogen and helium move faster than stars composed of other heavier elements. One of her other discoveries was finding that not all stars that were common were the same age. This was proven by comparing hydrogen lines of the low dispersion spectra in the stars. Roman noticed that the stars with the stronger lines moved closer to the center of the Milky Way and the others moved in more elliptical patterns off of the plane of the galaxy.[1] She also did research and published on the subjects of locating constellations from its 1875.0 position, explaining how she found this[12] and a paper on the Ursa Major Group for her thesis.[13]

Recognition
Federal Woman’s Award-1962[5]
One of 100 Most Important Young People, Life magazine – 1962[9]
Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal NASA-1969
William Randolph Lovelace II, American Astronaut Association-1980[5]
Honorary Doctorates from Russell Sage College, Hood College, Bates College and Swarthmore College
The asteroid 2516 Roman is named in her honor
The fellowship, The Nancy Grace Roman Technology Fellowship in Astrophysics, of NASA has been named for her.[8]
In 2017, a “Women of NASA” LEGO set went on sale featuring (among other things) mini-figurines of Roman, Margaret Hamilton, Mae Jemison, and Sally Ride.[14]

 
 
 
 

FYI

 
 
 
 
Fun!
Cockatoo Can’t Contain His Excitement When He Sees His Dad Coming Home From Work
 
 
 
 
By Rhett Jones: Senate Votes to Save Net Neutrality, Proving Shame Still Works Sometimes
 
 
 
 
By Aimée Lutkin: What Never to Say or Do at the Airport
 
 
 
 
By George Dvorsky: Scientists Match Pollution in Greenland’s Ice Sheet to Events from Ancient Greece and Rome
 
 
 
 

Class!

Dwane Casey to Toronto: Thank you
 
 
 
 
By Daniela Galarza: Molly Yeh’s Food Network Show ‘Girl Meets Farm’ Premieres June 24
 
 
 
 
By Jaya Saxena: Henry Winkler Is Just Happy to Be Here
 
 
 
 
By Ainsley Harris: How to design a fascinator fit for a royal wedding

 
 
 
 

By Adele Peters: This algorithm is quickly clearing old marijuana convictions in San Francisco
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Strengthening Libraries as Entrepreneurial Hubs (New Leadership Brief from the Urban Libraries Council)
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: California: Take a Look at the Oakland Public Library’s New Mobile Outreach Vehicle (MOVe)
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Research Tools: The New “City Health Dashboard” Provides Access to Key Neighborhood-Level Health Data For the 500 Largest U.S. Cities
 
 
 
 
Chas’ Crazy Creations: To Grandma’s House we go! (Wednesday Link Party #87)
 
 
 
 
Chas’ Crazy Creations: Garden Sprays
 
 
 
 

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FYI May 15, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

495 BC – A newly constructed temple in honour of the god Mercury was dedicated in ancient Rome on the Circus Maximus, between the Aventine and Palatine hills. To spite the senate and the consuls, the people awarded the dedication to a senior military officer, Marcus Laetorius.

Skip to
Temple:
Mercury’s temple in Rome was situated in the Circus Maximus, between the Aventine and Palatine hills, and was built in 495 BC.[12]

That year saw disturbances at Rome between the patrician senators and the plebeians, which led to a secession of the plebs in the following year. At the completion of its construction, a dispute emerged between the consuls Appius Claudius Sabinus Regillensis and Publius Servilius Priscus Structus as to which of them should have the honour of dedicating the temple. The senate referred the decision to the popular assembly, and also decreed that whichever was chosen should also exercise additional duties, including presiding over the markets, establish a merchants’ guild, and exercising the functions of the pontifex maximus. The people, because of the ongoing public discord, and in order to spite the senate and the consuls, instead awarded the honour of dedicating the temple to the senior military officer of one of the legions named Marcus Laetorius. The senate and the consuls, in particular the conservative Appius, were outraged at this decision, and it inflamed the ongoing situation.[13]

The dedication occurred on 15 May, 495 BC.[14]

The temple was regarded as a fitting place to worship a swift god of trade and travel, since it was a major center of commerce as well as a racetrack. Since it stood between the plebeian stronghold on the Aventine and the patrician center on the Palatine, it also emphasized the role of Mercury as a mediator.[citation needed]

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Born On This Day

1689 – Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English author and playwright (d. 1762)
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (baptised 26 May 1689 – 21 August 1762) (née Pierrepont) was an English aristocrat, letter writer and poet. Lady Mary is today chiefly remembered for her letters, particularly her letters from travels to the Ottoman Empire, as wife to the British ambassador to Turkey, which have been described by Billie Melman as “the very first example of a secular work by a woman about the Muslim Orient”.[1] Aside from her writing, Lady Mary is also known for introducing and advocating for smallpox inoculation to Britain after her return from Turkey. Her writings address and challenge the hindering contemporary social attitudes towards women and their intellectual and social growth.

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FYI

Thomas Kennerly Wolfe Jr. (March 2, 1930 – May 14, 2018)[1] was an American author and journalist, best known for his association with and influence in stimulating the New Journalism, in which literary techniques are used extensively.

He began his career as a regional newspaper reporter in the 1950s, but achieved national prominence in the 1960s following the publication of such best-selling books as The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test (a highly experimental account of Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters), and two collections of articles and essays, Radical Chic & Mau-Mauing the Flak Catchers and The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby. In 1979, he published the influential book The Right Stuff about the Mercury Seven astronauts, which was made into a 1983 film of the same name directed by Philip Kaufman.

His first fiction novel, The Bonfire of the Vanities, published in 1987, was met with critical acclaim, and also became a commercial success. It was adapted as a major motion picture of the same name, directed by Brian De Palma.

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By Erik Shilling: Tom Wolfe’s New Journalism Started With A Story About Cars
 
 
 
 
By George Dvorsky: Australian Badass Sets Speed Record for Climbing Tallest Mountain on Every Continent
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Fewer U.S. workers are using prescription opioids, but more are using cocaine, methamphetamine and marijuana
 
 
 
 
Click here for a handy guide for journalists on how to cover rising meth use, from Journalist’s Resource at Harvard University.
 
 
 
 
By Katie Lemons: 18 Work at Home Jobs for Moms (Well-Paid, Flexible and Fun)
 
 
 
 
By David Murphy: How to ‘AirDrop’ Between Windows, macOS, iOS, and Android Devices
 
 
 
 
By Katie Rife: Queen will, Queen will rock you in the Bohemian Rhapsody trailer
 
 
 
 
By Patrick Allen: Dig Up Dinosaurs at These Family-Friendly Paleontology Sites
 
 
 
 
Misleading headline?
By Larry Robertson: Jeff Bezos to workers everywhere: You’ll all work for Amazon soon
 
 
 
 
By Glenn Fleishman: Building the next great coffee company from the grounds up
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: ACHARNES, GREECE Royal Ruins This abandoned 10,000-acre estate was the summer palace of the now defunct Greek monarchy. Mothers Lie Best We asked readers to send us the most outlandish white lies their mothers ever told them. Turns out moms are telling a lot of the same outrageous fibs. Swimming Suffragists In the 1910s, women swimmers in America and England began creating leagues of their own that pushed for new freedom for women’s bodies. More ->
 
 
 
 
Open Culture DC: Get the History of the World in 46 Lectures, Courtesy of Columbia University
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

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Recipes

By A. E. Dwyer: How to make perfect fried rice (and I mean perfect)
 
 
 
 
By LiorS5: Molecular Gastronomy Cocktails

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 


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FYI May 14, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

1939 – Lina Medina becomes the youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
Lina Marcela Medina de Jurado (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlina meˈðina]; born on 23 September 1933[1]) is a Peruvian woman who became the youngest confirmed mother in medical history, giving birth at the age of five years, seven months, and 21 days.[1][2] She lives in Lima, the capital of Peru.[citation needed]

Early life and development
Born in Ticrapo, Castrovirreyna Province, Peru,[2] to silversmith Tiburelo Medina and Victoria Losea,[3] she was brought to a hospital by her parents at the age of five years due to increasing abdominal size. She was originally thought to have a tumor, but doctors determined she was in her seventh month of pregnancy. Dr Gerardo Lozada took Medina to Lima to have other specialists confirm that she was pregnant.[1]

Contemporary newspaper accounts indicate that interest in the case developed on many fronts. The San Antonio Light newspaper reported in its 16 July, 1939, edition—in anticipation of the girl’s expected visit to U.S. university scientific facilities—that a national Peruvian obstetrician/midwife association had demanded that the girl be transported to a national maternity hospital; the paper quoted 18 April reports in the Peruvian paper La Crónica stating that a North American film making concern had sent a representative “with authority to offer the sum of $5,000 to benefit the minor [in exchange for filming rights] … we know that the offer was rejected.”[4]

The same article, reprinted from a Chicago paper, noted that Lozada had made films of Medina for scientific documentation and had shown them around 21 April while addressing Peru’s National Academy of Medicine; on a subsequent visit to Lina’s remote hometown, some of the baggage carrying the films had fallen into the river while crossing “a very primitive bridge … Enough of his pictorial record remained, however, to intrigue the learned savants.”[4]

A month and a half after the original diagnosis, Medina gave birth by caesarean section to a boy. She was 5 years, 7 months, and 21 days,[1] the youngest known person in history to give birth. The caesarean birth was necessitated by her small pelvis. The surgery was performed by Lozada and Dr Busalleu, with Dr Colareta providing anaesthesia. When doctors performed the caesarean to deliver her baby, they found she already had fully mature sexual organs from precocious puberty.[2] Her case was reported in detail by Dr. Edmundo Escomel in the medical journal La Presse Médicale, including the additional details that her menarche had occurred at eight months of age, in contrast to a past report stating that she had been having regular periods since she was three years old[1][5][6] (or 2½ according to a different article).[2] The report also detailed that she had prominent breast development by the age of four. By age five, her figure displayed pelvic widening and advanced bone maturation.[citation needed]

Medina’s son weighed 2.7 kg (6.0 lb; 0.43 st) at birth and was named Gerardo after her doctor. Gerardo was raised believing that Medina was his sister, but found out at the age of 10 that she was, in fact, his mother.[1]

Identity of the father and later life

Medina has never revealed the father of the child nor the circumstances of her impregnation. Escomel suggested she might not actually know herself by writing that Medina “couldn’t give precise responses”.[1] Although Lina’s father was arrested on suspicion of child sexual abuse, he was later released due to lack of evidence, and the biological father was never identified.[1][7] Her son grew up healthy. He died in 1979 at the age of 40.[1]

In young adulthood, Medina worked as a secretary in the Lima clinic of Lozada, who gave her an education and helped put her son through high school.[8] Medina later married Raúl Jurado, who fathered her second son in 1972. As of 2002, they lived in a poor district of Lima known as “Chicago Chico”.[9] She refused an interview with Reuters that year,[2] just as she had turned away many reporters in years past.[8]

Documentation
Although it was speculated that the case was a hoax, a number of doctors over the years have verified it based on biopsies, X rays of the fetal skeleton in utero, and photographs taken by the doctors caring for her.[1][10][11]

There are two published photographs documenting the case. The first was taken around the beginning of April 1939, when Medina was seven-and-a-half months into pregnancy. Taken from Medina’s left side, it shows her standing naked in front of a neutral backdrop. This is the only published photograph of Lina taken during her pregnancy.[12] The other photograph is of far greater clarity and was taken a year later in Lima when Gerardo was eleven months old.[citation needed]

In 1955, except for the effects of precocious puberty,[2] there was no explanation of how a five-year-old girl could conceive a child.[8] Extreme precocious pregnancy in children aged five or under has only been documented with Medina.[2][6]

 
 
 
 

Born On This Day

1794 – Fanny Imlay, daughter of British feminist Mary Wollstonecraft (d. 1816)
Frances “Fanny” Imlay (14 May 1794 – 9 October 1816), also known as Fanny Godwin and Frances Wollstonecraft, was the daughter, born out of wedlock, of the British feminist Mary Wollstonecraft and the American commercial speculator and diplomat Gilbert Imlay. Wollstonecraft wrote about her frequently in her later works. Fanny grew up in the household of anarchist political philosopher William Godwin, the widower of her mother, with his second wife and their combined family of five children. Fanny’s half-sister Mary grew up to write Frankenstein and married Percy Bysshe Shelley, a leading Romantic poet, who composed a poem on Fanny’s death.

Although Gilbert Imlay and Mary Wollstonecraft lived together happily for brief periods before and after the birth of Fanny, he left Wollstonecraft in France in the midst of the Revolution. In an attempt to revive their relationship, Wollstonecraft travelled to Scandinavia on business for him, taking the one-year-old Fanny with her, but the affair never rekindled. After falling in love with and marrying Godwin, Wollstonecraft died soon after giving birth in 1797, leaving the three-year-old Fanny in the hands of Godwin, along with their newborn daughter Mary.

Four years later, Godwin remarried and his new wife, Mary Jane Clairmont, brought two children of her own into the marriage, most significantly—from Fanny Imlay and Mary Godwin’s perspective—Claire Clairmont. Wollstonecraft’s daughters resented the new Mrs Godwin and the attention she paid to her own daughter. The Godwin household became an increasingly uncomfortable place to live as tensions rose and debts mounted. The teenage Mary and Claire escaped by running off to the Continent with Shelley in 1814. Fanny, left behind, bore the brunt of her stepfather’s anger. She became increasingly isolated from her family and committed suicide in 1816.

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FYI

By Katie Rife: R.I.P. Margot Kidder

Margaret Ruth Kidder (October 17, 1948 – May 13, 2018) professionally known as Margot Kidder, was a Canadian American actress and activist. She rose to fame in 1978 for her role as Lois Lane in the Superman film series, opposite Christopher Reeve. Kidder began her career in the 1960s appearing in low-budget Canadian films and television series, before landing a lead role in Quackser Fortune Has a Cousin in the Bronx (1970).

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
The only problem with #InfinityWar is that at no point do either Benedict Cumberbatch or Robert Downey Jr. say “No shit, Sherlock” to each other.
— confused (@baghadbilla01) May 6, 2018
 
 
 
 
By Rhett Jones: The Senate’s Big Vote to Save Net Neutrality and Embarrass Republicans Is This Week
 
 
 
 
By Raphael Orlove: Some Advice On Driving To The Arctic Ocean
 
 
 
 
The Passive Voice: Gentlemen, The Scientific Case for Two Spaces After a Period, How To Tell Your Family That You’re Writing A Memoir, Roll the Old Chariot Along, Are ebooks dying or thriving? The answer is yes
 
 
 
 
By Jennifer Blackwood: 5 Favorite Places to Visit in Portland, Oregon
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: The Hole-Punched Images of the 1930s At the Farm Security Administration, Roy Stryker’s job was to select and print images that captured the reality of the Great Depression. Those he didn’t like were met with the business end of a hole punch. His eye helped shape the way we view the Great Depression, even today. More ->
 
 
 
 
Open Culture Josh Jones: National Geographic Has Digitized Its Collection of 6,000+ Vintage Maps: See a Curated Selection of Maps Published Between 1888 and Today
 
 
 
 
By Adrian Brune: He Built a $150 Million Village … for Schoolteachers
 
 
 
 
Tim Hahn: Centenarian embodies the fabric of life
 
 
 
 
Beyond Bylines Wendy Minter Blog Profiles: Dog Blogs
 
 
 
 
By Tae Hamm: Photo Friday: Girls on Ice
 
 
 
 
MessyNessy: Flying First Class with Air France, 1957, The Howard University Glee Club, 1936, The 1950s at the Piggly Wiggly, Claudia Lennear, the inspiration for the Rolling Stones song ‘Brown Sugar’ and David Bowie’s ‘Lady Grinning Soul’ The Secret Millionaire Donor of the Great Depression and more ->

https://youtu.be/FQuP8RIcLFI
 
 
 
 

Rob & Courtney M, Hometalk Team Hometalker Brooklyn, NY: Scented Vinegar
 
 
 
 
Cyndi Valerino Tutorial Team Fort Myers, FL: Essential Oils Shower Bombs
 
 
 
 
Sarah – Craft Invaders Hometalker United Kingdom: How to Make Wildflower Seed Bombs
 
 
 
 
Alicia W Hometalker Middletown, PA: Faux Flagstone Patio
 
 
 
 
Instructables: Top Picks
 
 
 
 
By MissionSRX: Warbirds Wood & Aluminum Bar
 
 
 
 

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FYI May 13, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

1373 – Julian of Norwich has visions which are later transcribed in her Revelations of Divine Love.
Julian of Norwich (c. 8 November 1342 – c. 1416) was an English anchoress and an important Christian mystic and theologian. Her Revelations of Divine Love, written around 1395, is the first book in the English language known to have been written by a woman. Julian was also known as a spiritual authority within her community, where she also served as a counsellor and advisor.[1] She is venerated in the Anglican and Lutheran churches. The Roman Catholic Church has not declared her to be a saint or given her the title Blessed. Accordingly, she does not appear in the Roman Martyrology, nor is she included in the calendar of the Catholic Church in England and Wales.[2][3]

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Born On This Day

1883 – Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek-American pathologist, invented the pap smear (d. 1962)
Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou (or George Papanicolaou /ˌpæpəˈnɪkəlaʊ/; Greek: Γεώργιος Ν. Παπανικολάου [papanikoˈlau]; 13 May 1883 – 19 February 1962) was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection, and inventor of the “Pap smear”.

Life
Born in Kymi, Greece, Papanikolaou studied at the University of Athens, where he received his medical degree in 1904. Six years later he received his PhD from the University of Munich, Germany, after he had also spent time at the universities of Jena and Freiburg.[1] In 1910, Papanikolaou returned to Athens and got married to Andromahi Mavrogeni and then departed for Monaco where he worked for the Oceanographic Institute of Monaco, participating in the Oceanographic Exploration Team of the Prince of Monaco (1911).[2]

In 1913 he emigrated to the U.S. in order to work in the department of Pathology of New York Hospital and the Department of Anatomy at the Cornell Medical College Cornell University.

He first reported that uterine cancer could be diagnosed by means of a vaginal smear in 1928, but the importance of his work was not recognized until the publication, together with Herbert Frederick Traut (1894–1963), of Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer by the Vaginal Smear in 1943. The book discusses the preparation of vaginal and cervical smears, physiologic cytologic changes during the menstrual cycle, the effects of various pathological conditions, and the changes seen in the presence of cancer of the cervix and of the endometrium of the uterus. He thus became known for his invention of the Papanicolaou test, commonly known as the Pap smear or Pap test, which is used worldwide for the detection and prevention of cervical cancer and other cytologic diseases of the female reproductive system.

In 1961 he moved to Miami, Florida, to develop the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute at the University of Miami, but died there on 19 February 1962[3][4] prior to its opening.

Papanicolaou was the recipient of the Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research in 1950.[5]

Papanikolaou’s portrait appeared on the obverse of the Greek 10,000-drachma banknote of 1995–2001,[6] prior to its replacement by the euro.

In 1978 his work was honored by the U.S. Postal Service with a 13-cent stamp for early cancer detection.

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FYI

By Bradley Brownell: Extremely English Man Races Shed To New Land Speed Record

 
 
 
 
Gastro Obscura: The Best Cuban Sandwiches Are In … Seoul?, A Taboo Combination The belief that seafood and cheese shouldn’t mix is common, but it makes no sense. So where did the taboo come from? More ->
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Minnesota: New “Wash and Learn” Program is Bringing the Library to a St. Paul Laundromat
 
 
 
 

By David Brooks: The Man Who Changed the World, Twice
 
 
 
 
By Cyrus Farivar: How a Mugger Helped Create the NSA’s Post-9/11 Surveillance Program His follow-up harassing phone calls to his victim have had stupendous ramifications for us all.
 
 
 
 
By Al Cross: Ala. editor who dealt with owner’s long-ago misconduct leaves the paper and the South for High Plains Radio
 
 
 
 
By Jeremy Roberts: Lindsey Buckingham shatters silence over Fleetwood Mac ousting
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Hits: Upgrade Your Backyard With These 30 Clever Ideas
 
 
 
 
By MaxPower1977: How to Make a Rocket Stove
 
 
 
 


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Recipes

By peachandlilac: Healthy Crock-pot Pepper Beef Wraps
 
 
By ButterMyBiscuits: Smokey Paprika and Beet Hummus With Beet Pita Bread

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FYI May 12, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

1743 – Maria Theresa of Austria is crowned Queen of Bohemia after defeating her rival, Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor.

Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina[1] (German: Maria Theresia [maˈʁiːa teˈʁeːzi̯a]; 13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Transylvania, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress.[2]

She started her 40-year reign when her father, Emperor Charles VI, died in October 1740. Charles VI paved the way for her accession with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 and spent his entire reign securing it.[3] Upon the death of her father, Saxony, Prussia, Bavaria, and France all repudiated the sanction they had recognised during his lifetime. Frederick II of Prussia (who became Maria Theresa’s greatest rival for most of her reign) promptly invaded and took the affluent Habsburg province of Silesia in the seven-year conflict known as the War of the Austrian Succession. Over the course of the war, despite the loss of Silesia and a few minor territories in Italy, Maria Theresa successfully defended her rule over most of the Habsburg empire. Maria Theresa later unsuccessfully tried to reconquer Silesia during the Seven Years’ War.

Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, had eleven daughters, including the Queen of France, the Queen of Naples and Sicily, the Duchess of Parma, and five sons, including two Holy Roman Emperors, Joseph II and Leopold II. Of the sixteen children, ten survived to adulthood. Though she was expected to cede power to Francis and Joseph, both of whom were officially her co-rulers in Austria and Bohemia,[4] Maria Theresa was the absolute sovereign who ruled with the counsel of her advisers.[5] She criticised and disapproved of many of Joseph’s actions. Maria Theresa understood the importance of her public persona and was able to simultaneously evoke both esteem and affection from her subjects.[6]

Maria Theresa promulgated financial and educational reforms, with the assistance of Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitz and Gerard van Swieten, promoted commerce and the development of agriculture, and reorganised Austria’s ramshackle military, all of which strengthened Austria’s international standing. However, she refused to allow religious pluralism and advocated for the state church[7] and contemporary adversary travelers criticized her regime as bigoted and superstitious.[8]

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Born On This Day

1777 – Mary Reibey, Australian businesswoman (d. 1855)

Mary Reibey née Haydock (12 May 1777 – 30 May 1855) was an Australian merchant, shipowner and trader. Originally a convict deported to Australia, she was viewed by her contemporaries as a role model of success and became legendary as a successful businesswoman in the colony.

Early life
Reibey, baptised Molly Haydock, was born on 12 May 1777 in Bury, Lancashire, England. She was a businesswoman and trader. Following the death of her parents, she was reared by a grandmother and sent into service. She ran away, and was arrested for stealing a horse in August 1791.[1] At the time, she was disguised as a boy and was going under the name of James Burrow.[2] Sentenced to seven years’ transportation, she arrived in Sydney, Australia, on the Royal Admiral in October 1792.

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FYI

By CBS News: Family warns of ‘dry drowning’ after 4-year-old nearly dies
 
 
 
 
By ellizabeth Werth: The First Female Grand Prix Winner Conquered The Nürburgring And Memorized The Targa Florio
 
 
Eliška Junková (16 November 1900 – 5 January 1994)[1][2], born Alžběta Pospíšilová and also known as Elizabeth Junek, was a Czechoslovak automobile racer. She is regarded as one of the greatest female drivers in Grand Prix motor racing history, and is the first woman to win a Grand Prix event.[1]

Read more->
 
 

 
 
 
 
By Elizabeth Werth: Song Named After The World’s First Ever Monster Truck Front Flip Does Not Sound Like The World’s First Ever Monster Truck Front Flip
 
 
 
 
By AJ Dellinger: YouTube Feigns Interest In Your Digital Wellbeing With ‘Take a Break’ Notifications
The new feature is accessible by visiting your profile on the YouTube mobile app and opening the Settings menu. Under the heading “YouTube” there is a setting labeled “Remind me to take a break.” The user can choose the frequency with which YouTube delivers this notification: never, or every 15, 30, 60, 90, or 180 minutes.
 
 
 
 
By Maddie Stone: Please Enjoy These Animals the Zoos Have Kindly Rebranded For Us
 
 
 
 
Aseem Agarwala Research Scientist: Jump for joy: Google Clips captures life’s little moments
 
 
 
 
Scott Myers: Saturday Hot Links
 
 
 
 
Daniel DeLeon Student at California Polytechnic State University: One student’s quest to track endangered whales with machine learning
 
 
 
 
By Melissa Patrick: Free Rural Health Journalism Workshop in North Carolina June 8; deadline to apply for travel stipend is May 23
 
 
 
 
By Laura Hazard Owen: Indian Country Today is relaunching after shutting down last year, and hopes to raise $100K
 
 
 
 
Beyond Bylines Larry Grady: On PR Newswire: Best in Design, Best High Schools, a Chief Donut Officer?
 
 
 
 
By Henrik Edberg The Positivity Blog: 20 Small Ways to Break Out of Your Comfort Zone and Create a Positive Change Starting Today
 
 
 
 
By Henrik Edberg Daily Simplicity: 13 Habits That Will Make Your Life Lighter and Happier
 
 
 
 
The Old Motor: Four Fun Friday Fifties and Sixties Kodachrome Photographs
 
 
 
 
By Chas’ Crazy Creations: Heart Mug – Subscriber Exclusive
 
 
 
 
The Design Bungalow HometalkerNorth Conway, NH: Old Window Magical Mermaid
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: These 11 Garden Hacks Will Have You Counting Down Til Spring
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 10 Magical Inspirations For A Fairy Garden
 
 
 
 
Kelly-n-Tony Tutorial Team: 6 Kinds of Apples From 1 Little Tree!
 
 
 
 
Mary @ Home is Where the Boat Is Hometalker Sherrills Ford, NC: Create an Easy Flower Centerpiece for a Patriotic Table
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 


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FYI May 11, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

868 – A copy of the Diamond Sutra is printed in China, making it the oldest known dated printed book.

The Diamond Sūtra (Sanskrit:Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra) is a Mahāyāna (Buddhist) sūtra from the Prajñāpāramitā sutras which means “Perfection of Wisdom” genre. Diamond Sūtra is a very rare scripture because most Mahāyāna sutras did not preach the process that intentionally reached Vajrayana or Śrāvakayāna, which means “Mount Vajra” or “Mount Bhumi”. However, Diamond Sūtra do not preached until the training method of it.

A copy of the Tang-dynasty Chinese version of Diamond Sūtra, found among the Dunhuang manuscripts in 1907 by Aurel Stein, was dated back to 11 May 868.[1] It is, in the words of the British Library, “the earliest complete survival of a dated printed book.”[2]

In it can be found the dedication: “for universal free distribution”, so it is also the first creative work with an explicit public domain dedication.[3]

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Born On This Day

1799 – John Lowell, Jr., American businessman and philanthropist, founded Lowell Institute (d. 1836)
John Lowell Jr. (May 11, 1799 – March 4, 1836) was a U.S. businessman, early philanthropist, and through his will, founder of the Lowell Institute.

Family
Lowell was the son of pioneer industrialist Francis Cabot Lowell (1775–1817), one of the founders of the region’s textile industry, and Hannah Jackson, sister of Patrick Tracy Jackson, another industrial pioneer. His grandfather and namesake, Judge John Lowell (1743–1802), referred to as The Old Judge, served in the Congress of the Confederation in 1782 and was appointed later to federal benches by Presidents George Washington and John Adams.[1]

After receiving his early education in the Boston public schools, young Lowell was taken by his father to Europe and placed at the high school of Edinburgh. In 1813, at the age of 14, he returned to America and entered Harvard College. Plagued with ill health, he left college after two years and entered his family’s mercantile firm, sailing before the mast to India, the East Indies, and England.[2]

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FYI

By Katie Rife: R.I.P. Frightened Rabbit’s Scott Hutchison
They add that Hutchison had “battled bravely with his own issues” for many years. “Depression is a horrendous illness that does not give you any alert or indication as to when it will take hold of you … We are immensely proud of [Scott] for being so open with his struggles. His willingness to discuss these matters in the public domain undoubtedly raised awareness of mental health issues and gave others confidence and belief to discuss their own issues.”
 
 
 
 
 
By Hannah Gold: Woman Who Allegedly Sent Man 65,000 Texts Has Been Arrested on Stalking Charges
 
 
 
 

By Patrick Redford: Dinosaur-Sized Gator Enjoys Casual Stroll On The Golf Course With His Friends The Deer
 
 
 
 
By Oliver Sava: Discover the wonders of fungi in this Mushroom Fan Club exclusive
 
 
 
 
By Jake Buehler: We Finally Know Where the World’s Deadliest Amphibian Plague Got Started
 
 
 
 
Open Culture Colin Marshall: Erich Fromm’s Six Rules of Listening: Learn the Keys to Understanding Other People from the Famed Psychologist
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: New Journal Article: “Support Your Data: A Research Data Management Guide for Researchers”
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Research Tools: IRS Launches “Expanded Access” to Information on Tax-Exempt Organizations; Images of Newly-Filed 990 Forms Now Available

Publicly-available data from electronically-filed 990 forms will continue to be available in a machine-readable format through Amazon Web Services.
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: The Isolated Life of the Saturation Diver Saturation divers are men who do construction and demolition work at depths up to 1,000 feet or more below the surface of the ocean. It’s one of the world’s most hazardous jobs. and more ->
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: How a special diet kept the Knights Templar fighting fit, Hard Rock Music, VARANASI, INDIA Leaning Temple and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Nick Fouriezos: She Flew Helicopters for the U.S. — Now She Wants to Turn D.C. Blue
Still, Sherrill, 46, isn’t some Stepford Wife. After leaving high school in exurban northern Virginia, she graduated from the Naval Academy with prisoner-of-war training that included being punched, smoked-out and waterboarded. Then she flew a Sea King helicopter for a decade in Europe and the Middle East. The former assistant U.S. attorney for New Jersey has raised nearly $2.5 million after launching a bid for Congress more than a year ago. Her 11th district is one of four competitive Republican-held New Jersey seats, making the Garden State suburbs critical turf in the battle for control of the House.
 
 
 
 
By Wesley Tomaselli: This Doc Fights for Women in Colombia’s Acid Attack Epidemic
 
 
 
 

Vector’s World: Meter and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Stef Schrader: The Nürburgring 24 Hours Is Too Incredible To Miss So Here’s How To Watch
 
 
 
 
By Garr Larson: More “UV” than “SUV”: 1969 International Harvester Travelall
But in 1969 the Travelall advertisements read “…sleeps 4, rides 9, tows 3 tons…goes anywhere beautifully.”
 
 
 
 
The Spaces: Top architects design ‘infill’ prefab homes, holiday home of the week is a rural Moroccan retreat and more ->
 
 
 
 
Debra Lynn Dadd Live Toxic Free: Updated Newsletter
 
 
 
 
By Judymgibbs Tutorial Team Charlotte, NC: My Happy Place, a Small Shady Garden
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Hits: 30 Great Ideas For Every Pet Owner!
 
 
 
 

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FYI May 10, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

1849 – Astor Place Riot: A riot breaks out at the Astor Opera House in Manhattan, New York City over a dispute between actors Edwin Forrest and William Charles Macready, killing at least 25 and injuring over 120.

The Astor Place Riot occurred on May 10, 1849, at the now-demolished Astor Opera House[1] in Manhattan, New York City and left at least 25 dead and more than 120 injured.[2] It was the deadliest to that date of a number of civic disturbances in New York City which generally pitted immigrants and nativists against each other, or together against the upper classes who controlled the city’s police and the state militia.

The riot resulted in the largest number of civilian casualties due to military action in the United States since the American Revolutionary War, and led to increased police militarization (for example, riot control training and larger, heavier batons).[3] Yet its genesis was a dispute between Edwin Forrest, one of the best-known American actors of that time, and William Charles Macready, a similarly notable English actor, which largely revolved around which of them was better than the other at acting the major roles of Shakespeare.

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Born On This Day

874 – Meng Zhixiang, Chinese general and emperor (d. 934)
Meng Zhixiang (孟知祥, May 10, 874[3][1]–September 7, 934,[1][4] courtesy name Baoyin, 保胤,[6] formally Emperor Gaozu of [later] Shu, [後]蜀高祖) was a general of the Later Tang who went on to found the independent state of Later Shu during the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. Meng Zhixiang was an in-law of the Later Tang ruling family, who went by the family name Li. Meng married the eldest sister or perhaps a cousin of the founding emperor, Zhuangzong.[7] Meng served the Later Tang as the military governor (Jiedushi) of Xichuan Circuit (西川, headquartered in modern Chengdu, Sichuan), after the conquest of Former Shu. After Emperor Zhuangzong’s death, Meng was more distant to the succeeding emperor. The new emperor was Emperor Zhuangzong’s adoptive brother, Emperor Mingzong. Meng, fearing accusations by Emperor Mingzong’s chief advisor An Chonghui, rebelled, in alliance with Dong Zhang, military governor of neighboring Dongchuan Circuit (東川, headquartered in modern Mianyang, Sichuan). The Meng-Dong alliance repelled subsequent attempts to suppress or control them, although they continued as nominal subjects of Mingzong. Eventually, Meng overpowered Dong, thus assuming control of both allied domains. Meng continued as titular vassal to Mingzong for the rest of that emperor’s reign; but, afterwards, Meng Zhixiang declared himself suzerain of an independent state named Shu, in 934, now called Later Shu to avoid confusion with other political entities sharing the same name.

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FYI

By Alexandra Villareal and Michael Rubinkam, Associated Press: UPDATE: Nurse charged in death of former national security adviser’s father
 
 
 
 
By Ashley Reese: FEC Approves Candidate’s Childcare Request, Clearing Path for More Mothers to Run for Worst Job on Earth
 
 
 
 
By Gwen Inhat: Zoo charged for taking bear out for delicious ice cream
 
 
 
 
By Tom McKay: South Georgia Island Has Finally Been Certified Free of Swarms of Rats That Feasted on Rare Birds
 
 
 
 
By Maddie Stone: Eyeless, Mouthless, Bone-Eating Worm Named After Jabba the Hutt
 
 
 
 
By Mary Otto: Study tracks benefit of dental therapists in tribal communities
 
 
 
 
By Scott Myers: Go Into The Story Resource: Dumb Little Writing Tricks That Work 20 writing tips which actually are quite smart… because they work!
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Searching public notices nets this reporter big stories
 
 
 
 
Open Culture Colin Marshall: How the Mysteries of the Vatican Secret Archives Are Being Revealed by Artificial Intelligence

 
 
 
 
A feel good article. Think about the landfills where you live and if they are no longer (as) toxic, why are the real estate developers not after the land?
By Eillie Anzilotti: This College Kid Is Growing Produce On A Landfill To Feed Her City
 
 
 
 
By Ben Paynter: Alphabet And Michael J. Fox’s Foundation Built A Smartwatch To Research Parkinson’s
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Hits: 21 Amazing Organization Ideas To Keep Your Home Tidy
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
By Elaina M.: 30+ Handmade Mother’s Day Gifts
 
 
 
 
By jprussack: Swiss Army Shelves
 
 
 
 
By glennederveen: Do It Your-self Sustaining Ecosystem-
 
 
 
 

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Recipes

By Joerg Engels: Cramaillotte (Dandelion Jelly)
 
 
 
 
By iminthebathroom: Onion Roasted Pulled Pork
 
 
 
 
By ButterMyBiscuits: Speckled Caramel Rum Flan

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FYI May 09, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

1887 – Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show opens in London.

William Frederick “Buffalo Bill” Cody (February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was an American scout, bison hunter, and showman. He was born in Le Claire, Iowa Territory (now the U.S. state of Iowa), but he lived for several years in his father’s hometown in Toronto Township, Ontario, Canada, before the family returned to the Midwest and settled in the Kansas Territory.

Buffalo Bill started working at the age of eleven, after his father’s death, and became a rider for the Pony Express at age 14. During the American Civil War, he served the Union from 1863 to the end of the war in 1865. Later he served as a civilian scout for the US Army during the Indian Wars, receiving the Medal of Honor in 1872.

One of the most colorful figures of the American Old West, Buffalo Bill’s legend began to spread when he was only twenty-three. Shortly thereafter he started performing in shows that displayed cowboy themes and episodes from the frontier and Indian Wars. He founded Buffalo Bill’s Wild West in 1883, taking his large company on tours in the United States and, beginning in 1887, in Great Britain and continental Europe.

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Born On This Day

1906 – Eleanor Estes, American librarian, author, and illustrator (d. 1988)

Eleanor Estes (May 9, 1906 – July 15, 1988)[1] was an American children’s author and a children’s librarian. Her book, Ginger Pye, which she also created illustrations for,[2] won the Newbery Medal. Three of her books were Newbery Honor Winners, and one was awarded the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award. Estes’ books were based on her life in small town Connecticut in the early 1900s.

Life
Born Eleanor Ruth Rosenfield in West Haven, Connecticut, Estes was the third of four children. Her father, Louis Rosenfeld, was a bookkeeper for a railway; her mother, Caroline Gewecke Rosenfeld, was a seamstress and story teller. Her father died when Estes was young, and her mother’s dressmaking provided for the family.[2]:267 Eleanor Estes attributes her love of reading, children’s literature, and storytelling to her parent’s fondness for books, and her mother’s “inexhaustible supply of songs, stories, and anecdotes, with which she entertained us with while cooking dinner.”[3] In 1923, after graduating from West Haven High School, she trained at the New Haven Free Library, and became a children’s librarian there.[4]:147

In 1931 Estes won the Caroline M. Hewins scholarship for children’s librarians, which allowed her to study at the Pratt Institute library school in New York.[5] In 1932 she married fellow student Rice Estes. They both worked as librarians throughout New York, and he later became a professor of library science and the head of the Pratt Institute Library.[3][6] Estes worked as a children’s librarian in various branches of the New York Public Library, until 1941.[3] Estes began writing when tuberculosis left her confined to her bed. Her best known fictional characters, the Moffats, live in Cranbury, Connecticut, which is Estes’ hometown of West Haven. She based the Moffats after her family, including patterning younger daughter Janey after herself, and basing Rufus on her brother, Teddy.[7]

Eleanor based the story The Hundred Dresses on her real life experience as the girl who (unbeknownst to Peggy) received Peggy’s hand-me-down dresses. She felt so guilty for not having defended the Wanda character in real life, that she wrote the story as both an exercise to assuage her guilt, and to encourage others to stand up against bullies.[8]

The Esteses had one child, Helena, born in Los Angeles in 1948, where Rice Estes was assistant librarian at the University of Southern California. In 1952 they moved back to the East coast, where she lived until her death.[4]:151 Besides writing and working as a librarian, Estes also taught at the University of New Hampshire Writer’s Conference.[9]

Eleanor Estes died July 15, 1988 in Hamden, Connecticut. Her papers are held at the University of Southern Mississippi,[6] and University of Minnesota.[5] She wrote 20 books.

Awards and reception
Estes’s book Ginger Pye (1951) won the Newbery Medal. Three of her books were Newbery Honor books: The Middle Moffat, Rufus M., and The Hundred Dresses.[10] In addition The Moffats won the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award in 1961.[11] Estes also received the Certificate of Award for Outstanding Contribution to Children’s Literature from the New York Association for Supervision of Curriculum Development in 1968.[2] She was awarded the Pratt Institute Alumni Medal in 1968.[12]:318 In 1970 she was nominated for the Laura Ingalls Wilder Award.[7]

According to reviewer Carolyn Shute, Estes had the “ability to distill the very essence of childhood.”[12]:319 Anita Silvey said she possessed a “rare gift for depicting everyday experiences from the fresh perspective of childhood.”[13] Estes is primarily recognized as a writer of family stories, and as one who “shaped and broadened that subgenre’s tradition”, primarily through her “seemingly artless style”.[4]:147 Eleanor Cameron, in an article for The Horn Book Magazine, included Estes’ Moffat books among “those that sit securely as classics in the realm of memorable literature”.[14]

Works
The Moffats (1941)
The Middle Moffat (1942)
The Sun and the Wind and Mr. Todd (1943)
Rufus M. (1943)
The Hundred Dresses (1944)
The Echoing Green (1947)
Sleeping Giant and Other Stories (1948)
Ginger Pye (1951)
A Little Oven (1955)
Pinky Pye (1958)
The Witch Family (1960)
Small but Wiry (1963)
The Alley (1964)
The Lollipop Princess (1967)
Miranda the Great (1967)
The Tunnel of Hugsy Goode (1972)
The Coat-Hanger Christmas Tree (1973)
The Lost Umbrella of Kim Chu (1978)
The Moffat Museum (1983)
The Curious Adventures of Jimmy McGee (1987)

 
 
 
 

FYI

One bullet each for Polanski and the victim’s mother. Did Polanski refuse to serve the appropriate (how does one judge that?) prison term? What about his victim? How does she ever get past this continual publicity over her attack?
By Hannah Gold: Roman Polanski Threatens Legal Action Over Getting Kicked Out of the Academy
 
 
 
 

By Maria Sherman: Judge in Brock Turner Rape Case Compares 6-Month Sentencing to ‘Unpopularity’ of School Desegregation

Persky is currently awaiting a June 5 recall vote in a retaliation effort, led by Stanford Law School Professor Michele Dauber, who believes the judge has held “a long pattern of bias in favor of privileged men.”

She told BuzzFeed the Brown comparison is “absurd,” adding:

“Persky has repeatedly abused his discretion on behalf of abusers. As a result, voters in this county have lost confidence in his ability to be fair…In Brown, the Supreme Court bravely ruled with the powerless against the powerful. In Brock Turner’s case, Persky did the exact opposite.”

After Turner’s conviction in September 2016, California lawmakers passed two bills to amend the loophole that caused his sentence to be so lax. The Assembly Bill 2888, which, according to the Los Angeles Times, “prohibits a judge from handing a convicted offender probation in certain sex crimes such as rape, sodomy and forced oral copulation when the victim is unconscious or prevented from resisting by any intoxicating, anesthetic or controlled substance,” and the Assembly Bill 701, which expands the legal definition of rape in California law to include all forms of nonconsensual sexual assault.
 
 
 
 
By Rich Juzwiak: At Long Last, Women’s Empowerment Comes to Otter Pops
No. We were inspired by the work of The Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media and focused on how our characters could positively impact kids.
 
 
 
 
By Dell Cameron: Congress Might Actually Save Net Neutrality, If Republicans Can Learn How to Read Polls
 
 
 
 

Internet Trolls is the topic
By Melanie Ehrenkranz: Why Abortion Access Organizations Are Suing Anti-Choice Internet Trolls
 
 
 
 

By Dom Cosentino: What It’s Like To Navigate The NFL’s Concussion Settlement Hellscape
 
 
 
 
Eater: Oreo owner Mondelez bought Tate’s Bake Shop for $500 million Please don’t ruin these chocolate chip cookies., Taco Bell’s absurd fried-chicken-shell chalupa is coming back with more spice The taco chain is wrapping vegetables and cheese in a chicken cutlet, again and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Research Tools: CNBC Launches the Warren Buffett Archive, Video Collection Includes Keyword Searchable Berkshire Hathaway Shareholder Meetings, Interviews, and More
 
 
 
 
Gastro Obscura: The quest for an ancient culture’s cannabis-filled cooking, The Vineyard Veterans and more ->
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: ‘Ribbon Map’ of the Mississippi River, Watchtower From WWII and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Christine Schmidt: No print, no private owners, fewer problems? Quebec’s 134-year-old La Presse is going nonprofit
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Telemedicine brings transgender care to rural areas
 
 
 
 
https://youtu.be/vFL5rm5EP38

 
 
 
 
By Louis Chew: David Goggins: 6 Lessons From The Toughest Man Alive
David Goggins is the toughest man alive.

There’s no doubt about it. Goggins is the only member of the US Armed Forces to complete SEAL training, US Army Ranger School, and Air Force Tactical Air Controller training.
 
 
 
 
By Poornima Apte: The Professor on a Mission to Make Math Lovable
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: Dozens of M.C. Escher Prints Now Digitized & Put Online by the Boston Public Library, A New Scientific Study Supports Putting Two Spaces After a Period … and a Punctuation War Ensues and more ->
 
 
 
 
Chas’ Crazy Creations: To Grandma’s House we go! (Wednesday Link Party #86)
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Hits: 16 Ways To Bring Color Into Your Kitchen
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

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