Category: FYI


FYI October 16, 2017

1384 – Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.
Jadwiga ([jadˈvʲiɡa]), also known as Hedwig (Hungarian: Hedvig; 1373/4 – 17 July 1399), was the first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland, reigning from 16 October 1384 until her death. She was the youngest daughter of Louis the Great, King of Hungary and Poland, and his wife Elizabeth of Bosnia. Jadwiga was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, but had more close ancestors among the Polish Piasts. She was canonized in the Roman Catholic Church in 1997.

Her marriage to William of Austria was planned in 1375 and she lived in Vienna between 1378 and 1380. Jadwiga and William were allegedly regarded as her father’s favoured successors in Hungary after her eldest sister Catherine’s death in 1379, since the Polish noblemen had paid homage to Louis’ second daughter, Mary, and Mary’s fiancé, Sigismund of Luxemburg, that same year. However, Louis died and Mary was crowned “King of Hungary” on the demand of her mother in 1382. Sigismund of Luxemburg tried to seize Poland, but the Polish noblemen countered that they would only obey a daughter of King Louis if she settled in their country. Queen Elizabeth then nominated Jadwiga to reign in Poland, but did not send her to Kraków to be crowned. During the interregnum, Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, became a candidate for the Polish throne. The nobles of Greater Poland especially favoured him, proposing he marry Jadwiga. However, the noblemen of Lesser Poland opposed his election and persuaded Queen Elizabeth to send Jadwiga to Poland.

Jadwiga was crowned “king” in Kraków on 16 October 1384. Her crowning either reflected the Polish lords’ opposition to her intended future husband, William, adopting the royal title without a further Act or only emphasized that she was a queen regnant. With her mother’s consent, Jadwiga’s advisors opened negotiations with Jogaila, Grand Duke of Lithuania, who was still a heathen, about his marriage to Jadwiga. Jogaila signed the Union of Krewo, promising to convert to Roman Catholicism and to promote his ‘pagan’ subjects’ conversion. Meanwhile, William of Habsburg hurried to Kraków to demand the consummation of his pre-arranged marriage with Jadwiga, but the Polish lords expelled him in late August 1385. Jogaila, who received the baptismal name Władysław, married Jadwiga on 15 February 1386. Legend says that she had only agreed to marry him after long prayers, seeking divine inspiration.

Władysław-Jogaila was crowned king on 4 March. As her co-ruler, Władysław closely cooperated with his wife. After rebellious lords had imprisoned her mother and sister, she marched into Ruthenia, which had been under Hungarian rule, and persuaded most local inhabitants to become subjects of the Polish Crown without resistance. She acted as mediator between her husband’s quarreling kinsmen, and between Poland and the Teutonic Knights. After her sister Mary died in 1395, Jadwiga and Władysław-Jogaila laid claim to Hungary against the widowed Sigismund of Luxemburg, but the Hungarian lords did not support them.

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1908 – Olivia Coolidge, English-American author and educator (d. 2006)
Margaret Olivia Ensor Coolidge (October 16, 1908[1] − December 10, 2006[2]) was a British-born American writer and educator. She published 27 books, many for young adults, including The Greek Myths (1949), her debut; The Trojan War (1952); Legends of the North (1951); Makers of the Red Revolution (1963); Men of Athens, one runner-up for the 1963 Newbery Medal; Lives of Famous Romans (1965); and biographies of Eugene O’Neill, Winston Churchill, Edith Wharton, Gandhi, and Tom Paine. Olivia Coolidge was born in London to Sir Robert Ensor, a journalist and historian. She earned a degree in Classics and Philosophy at Somerville College, Oxford, in 1931 and a Master’s degree in 1940. In Germany, England and the U.S. she taught Greek, Latin, and English. In 1946 she married Archibald C. Coolidge of Connecticut, who had four children. [2]


By Patrick Lucas Austin: Your Wi-Fi is Vulnerable to Attack—Update Your Devices to Fix It
The US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) has compiled a list of manufacturers that have been notified about the vulnerability, as well as whether or not they have provided information concerning updated devices. Be sure to check if your wireless router’s manufacturer is on the list, and update your router following their instructions.

As always, you should steer clear of public Wi-Fi networks if you can help it, and continue to use WPA2 encryption on your devices, as it’s still the most secure option available.

Updated at 5:00 p.m., 10/16/17 ET: Apple confirmed its vulnerability patch would arrive “within the next few weeks.”

Condolences. The money will not bring their son back but it might put a stop to “hazing” and other forms of abuse by military personnel. “No hazing the recruits, we can’t afford it.”
By Atoz: Family of Muslim Marine recruit who died in boot camp sues for $100M
One bullet.
By Jonathan Drew: Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl Pleads Guilty to Desertion, Misbehavior

By Binoy Prabhakar: One of India’s most famous newspapermen is turning to digital with a political journalism platform
One of India’s most famous newspapermen is turning to digital with a political journalism platform
Shekhar Gupta said he named his new venture The Print to signal to readers that its standards would be high: “We feel there is a belief that once you go digital, the bar is lowered.”
By Brittany Jezouit: David Bowie, ELO, and The National: 5 Fonts Inspired by Music

By Associated Press: After 883 years, Cistercian monastery to close in Germany
Himmerod Abbey
Himmerod Abbey (Kloster Himmerod) is a Cistercian monastery in the community of Großlittgen in the Verbandsgemeinde of Manderscheid in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, located in the Eifel, in the valley of the Salm.
This sounds like a good idea. Romance versus reality might show some flaws in the plan. Maybe CA should have a list of reputable breeders, not puppy mills, and allow folks to have the option of purchasing from them thru a pet store? If you get a shelter animal, you might not have any health/personality background on it. If people report puppy mills,that is a step in the direction of shutting them down.
By Megan Reynolds: All Pets in Pet Stores Must Come From Shelters or Rescue Agencies, Says New California Law
By David Tracy: How A North Carolina Mechanic Home-Brewed A Cadillac Seville Into An Epic Car Hauler
By Melanie Ehrenkranz: Australia Launches First Nation-Wide Reporting System for Revenge Porn
By Noel Murray: A very special 1970s nightmare, starring Vincent Price, H.R. Pufnstuf, and the Brady Bunch
The Alexander Piano
One of my most interesting achievements has been to build the Alexander piano. Here is a brief history of the making of this piano. There’s much much more to the full story

Looking back I recognise the task I had. At the age of 15 a question to my piano teacher sparked a curiosity enough to do an experiment in the back yard. In conclusion after seeing the length of string needed and hearing the sound I was convinced that I was going to build a piano with very long and deep sounding bass strings. In my 16th year I was lucky enough to have been given access to the space in our neighbour’s garage. I had no idea what I was doing at the beginning.I just knew what I wanted the outcome to be.

I needed to learn something that was not able to be taught, in the respect that such a piano with a string scale this different had never been built. The project unlocked a lot of intuitive problem solving with discovery, experiment after experiment, theories guess work, the known and the unknown. There were so many technical problems that had never been addressed that I was facing just because of the physical dimensions.

Knowing very little at the beginning and the ignorance of youth meant I ‘knew’ it was possible and I carried that notion through the entire project even when many said I was wasting my time.

John Waters’ commencement speech at RISD, 2015 (transcript)

John Waters Commencement Address – RISD 2015 from RISD Media on Vimeo.

Uh, don’t hate all rich people. They’re not all awful. Believe me, I know some evil poor people, too. We need some rich people: Who else is going to back our movies or buy our art? I’m rich! I don’t mean money-wise. I mean that I have figured out how to never be around assholes at any time in my personal and professional life. That’s rich. And not being around assholes should be the goal of every graduate here today.

It’s OK to hate the poor, too, but only the poor of spirit, not wealth. A poor person to me can have a big bank balance but is stupid by choice – uncurious, judgemental, isolated and unavailable to change.
By Patrick Lucas Austin: Before Buying a Kindle, Consider the Physical Book’s Benefits


By Danielle Guercio: How to Make the Best Possible Pot Brownies

By Artemis: Rain Chain
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Soap Deli News: DIY Agate Slice Soaps That Anyone Can Make!

DIY Agate Slice Soaps That Anyone Can Make!
Soapmaking Archives – Soap Deli News

13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCLVII)

1. The Gentleman’s Surprise Chair circa 1888Found on Reddit. 2. A Belle Epoque French Villa is the most Expensive House For Sale in the WorldVilla Cedres is a 187 year old, 18000 square foot mansion being sold by the Italian drinks company Davide Campari-Milano for €350

13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCLVII)

Navy Cmdr. Edwin Evans: WWII Commander, MoH Recipient Gave Life to Protect Troops at Leyte Gulf | DoDLive

Ernest Edwin Evans, Navy Cmdr.

WWII Commander, MoH Recipient Gave Life to Protect Troops at Leyte Gulf | DoDLive

FYI October 15, 2017

1951 – Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes conducts the very last step of the first synthesis of norethisterone, the progestin that would later be used in one of the first three oral contraceptives.
Norethisterone (NET), also known as norethindrone, is a medication that is used in combination with estrogen or alone in hormonal contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy, and in the treatment of gynecological disorders. It is a synthetic progestogen (or a progestin) of the 19-nortestosterone group and has similar effects to those of natural progesterone, including suppression of gonadotropins, ovulation inhibition, and endometrial transformation.[4][5] In addition to its progestogenic activity, NET also has weak androgenic and estrogenic effects at high dosages.[3][6] In addition to NET itself, several prodrugs of NET, such as norethisterone acetate (NETA), norethisterone enanthate (NETE), and others, have been marketed and have similar effects and uses.[7][8][9]

More on wiki:


Luis Ernesto Miramontes Cárdenas (March 16, 1925 – September 13, 2004) was a Mexican chemist known as the co-inventor of the progestin norethisterone used in one of the first three oral contraceptives.

Miramontes was born at Tepic, Nayarit. He obtained his first Degree in chemical engineering in the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). He was a founding researcher of the Institute of Chemistry of UNAM, specializing mainly in the area of Organic Chemistry. He was a professor of the Faculty of Chemistry of UNAM, Director and professor of the School of Chemistry at the Universidad Iberoamericana, and deputy Director of Research at the Mexican Institute of Petroleum (IMP). Miramontes was a member of diverse scientific societies, such as the American Chemical Society (Emeritus), the Mexican Institute of Chemical Engineers, the National Institute of Chemical and Chemical Engineers, the Chemical Society of Mexico, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and the New York Academy of Sciences.

He died in Mexico City in 2004.

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1829 – Asaph Hall, American astronomer and academic (d. 1907)
Asaph Hall III (October 15, 1829 – November 22, 1907) was an American astronomer who is most famous for having discovered the moons of Mars, Deimos and Phobos, in 1877.[1] He determined the orbits of satellites of other planets and of double stars, the rotation of Saturn, and the mass of Mars.

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By Stef Schrader: The 6 Hours Of Fuji Had The Most Bizarre Race Ending Of The Year
By Stef Schrader: Talladega’s First Big Crash T-Bones One Playoff Contender’s Car Into The Air


By Stef Schrader: Parker Kligerman Runs Away From Last-Lap Pileup To Win Talladega Trucks Race
Great comments!
By Tom McParland: Here Is When Engine Braking Can Save More Gas Than Coasting
By Patrick George: Here Is The Entire Leaked Owner’s Manual For The 2018 Jeep Wrangler

Halloween Brimstone Bread
By Tye Rannosaurus

By Tye Rannosaurus: Halloween Brimstone Bread
By Gary Price: Stanford University Archives Launches Transcription Crowdsourcing Project
The University Archives is pleased to announce the launch of a crowdsourcing project to transcribe handwritten letters and documents within its holdings. Accessible at, the project currently features 8 unique collections for users to transcribe:

1906 earthquake and fire
Leland Stanford, Jr. letters
Marcia Kirwan Standley (’57) letters
Notable people (Eadweard Muybridge, Peter Coutts, Sarah Lockwood Winchester)
Stanford faculty
Student life
World War I letters
World War II letters


By Gary Price: Archives of American Art Acquires Extensive Audio and Video Recordings and Records of “Artists Talk On Art
By Delusions of ingenuity: Tailoring a Bed Skirt
Delusions of Ingenuity



OneLook Word of the Day





Maria Popova Brain Pickings:  Big Wolf & Little Wolf: A Tender Tale of Loneliness, Belonging, and How Friendship Transforms Us

Source: Big Wolf & Little Wolf: A Tender Tale of Loneliness, Belonging, and How Friendship Transforms Us – Brain Pickings

FYI October 14, 2017

1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
Roundhay Garden Scene is an 1888 short silent actuality film recorded by French inventor Louis Le Prince. Shot at Oakwood Grange in Roundhay, Leeds in the north of England, it is believed to be the oldest surviving film in existence, as noted by the Guinness Book of Records.[1]

According to Le Prince’s son, Adolphe, the film was made at Oakwood Grange, the home of Joseph and Sarah Whitley, in Roundhay, Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, England on 14 October 1888.[2][3]

It features Adolphe Le Prince,[4] Sarah Whitley (née Robinson, 1816 – 24 October 1888), Joseph Whitley (1817 – 12 January 1891) and Annie Hartley in the garden, walking around. Sarah is walking backwards as she turns around, and Joseph’s coat tails are flying as he also is turning.[3] Joseph and Sarah Whitley were Louis Le Prince’s parents-in-law, being the parents of his wife Elizabeth, and Annie Hartley is believed to be a friend of Le Prince and his wife. Sarah Whitley died ten days after the scene was filmed.[5]
Remastered footage
In 1930 the National Science Museum (NSM) in London produced photographic copies of surviving parts from the 1888 filmstrip. This sequence was recorded on an 1885 Eastman Kodak paper base photographic film through Louis Le Prince’s single-lens combi camera-projector. Adolphe Le Prince stated that the Roundhay Garden movie was shot at 12 frames/s (and a second movie, Traffic Crossing Leeds Bridge, at 20 frames/s); however, the later digital remastered version of Roundhay Garden produced by the National Media Museum in Bradford, which contains 52 frames, runs at 24.64 frames/s, a modern cinematographic frame rate, so it plays in only 2.11 seconds. The NSM copy has 20 frames; at 12 frames/s, this produces a run time of 1.66 seconds.

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1894 – Victoria Drummond, British marine engineer (d. 1978)
Victoria Alexandrina Drummond MBE (1894–1978), was the first woman marine engineer in Britain and first woman member of Institute of Marine Engineers. During World War II she served at sea as an engineering officer in the British Merchant Navy and received awards for bravery under enemy fire.

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By Elisabeth Leoni: How an X program manager writes her own history and preserves her Ecuadorian legacy
In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, we’re celebrating the fascinating stories and important contributions of our Hispanic Googlers—their histories, their families, and what keeps them busy inside and outside of work. Today we hear from Gladys Karina Jimenez Opper, an audacious moonshot catalyst and collector of world experiences, whose curiosity rivals Nancy Drew’s.
By Dennis Romero: Free Tampons Are Coming to a Public School Near You
By Gary Price: Science: National Museum of American History Makes Historical Antibody-Related Collections Available Online For First Time
By Hometalk Hits: Easy DIY Remedies For Your 7 Most Hated Bugs
ByTed Mills: Hear 1,500+ Genres of Music, All Mapped Out on an Insanely Thorough Interactive Graph
The Mission: How School Trains Us To Fail In The Real World
School (noun) — A place where students suck on an information teat instead of learning how to feed themselves.
By Jörg Colberg: American wars in the photobook
By Ari Phillips: Mass Starvation of Penguin Chicks Could Help Birth New Antarctic Protections

Great comments!
By Rhett Jones: Microwave Tech Could Produce 40 TB Hard Drives in the Near Future


wiki: Knights Templar

By Patrick Wyman: What Were The Knights Templar Really Like?
By Shane Roberts: A Ridiculous Number of Ways to Make Good Coffee While Traveling
On a cruise up the Alaskan coast to Denali National Park earlier this year, I made the critical, rookie mistake of not packing the means to make good coffee. Don’t let it happen to you.

An Instant Guide to Making Coffee from &Orange Motion Design on Vimeo.


By Stef Schrader: Dale Earnhardt Jr. Gets Best Retirement Present Ever From Talladega: His Dad’s Race Car
Do you “Tweet” or just follow twitter for information leads? I follow.
By Tom McKay: Twitter Says It Will Finally Do Something About Those Hordes of Nazis
By Joe Tonelli: A Master Sculptor and FX Artist Explains How to Restore a Jim Henson Puppet

Kinja Deals: Saturday’s Best Deals: Robotic Vacuum, Dual Dash Cam, Anker Powerline+, and More





The Rural Blog: Ky. leads in development of commercial hemp, but crop’s potential in needy Eastern Ky. is limited

Source: The Rural Blog: Ky. leads in development of commercial hemp, but crop’s potential in needy Eastern Ky. is limited

The Rural Blog: Craft breweries can revitalize small-town economies, attract millennial residents

Craft breweries can revitalize small-town economies, attract millennial residents

Source: The Rural Blog: Craft breweries can revitalize small-town economies, attract millennial residents

FYI October 13, 2017

1773 – The Whirlpool Galaxy is discovered by Charles Messier.
The Whirlpool Galaxy, also known as Messier 51a, M51a, and NGC 5194, is an interacting[7] grand-design[8] spiral galaxy with a Seyfert 2 active galactic nucleus[9] in the constellation Canes Venatici. It was the first galaxy to be classified as a spiral galaxy.[10] Recently it was estimated to be 23 ± 4 million light-years from the Milky Way,[3] but different methods yield distances between 15 and 35 million light-years. Messier 51 is one of the best known galaxies in the sky.[11] The galaxy and its companion, NGC 5195,[12] are easily observed by amateur astronomers, and the two galaxies may even be seen with binoculars.[13] The Whirlpool Galaxy is also a popular target for professional astronomers, who study it to further understand galaxy structure (particularly structure associated with the spiral arms) and galaxy interactions.

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1952 – Mundo Earwood, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014)
Raymond “Mundo” Earwood (October 13, 1952 – April 21, 2014) was an American country music singer-songwriter. Earwood’s eponymous debut album was released by Excelsior Records in 1981. His most successful single, “Things I’d Do for You”, reached the Top 20 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart in 1978. For a time, he also recorded as Mundo Ray.

Earwood was born in Del Rio, Texas. After graduating high school in Corpus Christi, he enrolled in San Jacinto Junior College but soon moved to Houston where he hired a band, and began playing for $8 at any venue that would book him. Earwood released several records on a small Houston label. His manager took him to Nashville to cut his first major national release, “Behind Blue Eyes”, which was initially released on Earwood’s own label, Raywood, and eventually sold to the Royal American label, where it spent eight weeks at #1 on the Houston radio charts, six months total on the Houston charts, and a long tenure on the national charts.

He went on to release “Let’s Hear it for Loneliness”, “Lonesome Is a Cowboy” and “I Can Give You Love”. In 1978, “Things I’d Do For You” soared to #18 on the Billboard country chart.[2] This period also produced “Fooled Around and Fell in Love”, “Angelene”, and “My Heart is Not My Own”. During his career, he appeared on the Billboard charts 23 times.

Mundo Earwood was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and a fibrous histiocytoma tumor in 2013, which led to his death at the age of 61.[3][4]



By Brian Mastre: New tool used to detect child abuse

Project Harmony
Project Harmony grew out of the vision of several Omaha community professionals and advocates to create a better system of protection for abused and neglected children. The vision was to not only create an integrated response system but also to develop a single child friendly location where all the professionals would come together to serve each child. They wanted the child to have to tell his or her story only once. They envisioned a system with joint accountability where no child would fall through the cracks. Project Harmony opened its doors in 1996.
By MessyNessy: 5 Places You Really Shouldn’t Get Stuck on Friday 13th
3. On an Arctic Island abandoned by Eskimos
This is King Island, and these are the improbable cliff-hanging houses of Ukivok that a displaced community once called home. In 1959, the Bureau of India Affairs made the decision to close King Island’s only school at the heart of the village. There was a large boulder on top of the rocky island that they believed was ready to fall and crush the school in its path. With the children left without a school, families were forced to seek education for them on the mainland and given no choice but to move from their homes and start a new way of life. The last natives left their homeland in 1970.
Brenda Novak: 9 Book Advertising Tactics I’ve Tried… And Which Ones Worked!
By Steven Bell: Let’s Commit to Making Library Webinars Better | From the Bell Tower
By Rachel Paxton: 8 Kids’ Books Filled with Girl Power to Inspire the Young Women in Your Life

“I kind of joke [that] Form5 is a one-man, one-hand show.” [Photo: courtesy Form5 Prosthetics]

By Ben Paynter: This 18-Year-Old Makes Innovative Prosthetics From Recycled Plastic
Aaron Westbrook was born with only one hand. Several years ago, while a freshman at New Albany High School in Ohio, he tried out his first prosthetic. It didn’t fit well, and cost about $40,000, a somewhat staggering sum, considering he would eventually outgrow it. “That’s when I realized that there was a really big issue with prosthetics right now,” he says. “They’re too expensive and they’re just plain inefficient.”
Form5 Prosthetics, Inc.
By Sean Captain: Born Out Of The Chaos Of Hurricane Harvey, The American Black Cross Is Reinventing Disaster Relief
By Bethany Corriveau Gotschall: A Brief History of the ‘Danse Macabre’
By Stella: Sick Grandma Brings ‘The Rock’ Cutout To Hospital, And Here’s What He Does When He Finds Out
Johnson happily obliged, and while we don’t have any updates on whether or not Judy has seen the video, we’re sure she’ll be over the moon when she does. “Stay strong Judy, you sexy tiger. We’re all sending you and your family love and light during this time and I’m an extremely grateful man this email reached my eyes,” The Rock further wrote. Say what you will about celebrities, but every now and then, they use their fame to do some serious good.
By Hendy: Never underestimate the awesomeness of science (17 GIFs)
By Bob: Animals that will hit you right in the funny bone (35 Photos)
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: Magic Mushroom Chemical Appears to Physically Change Depressed Brains

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