Category: FYI

FYI

Officials Provide Details of Latest Strikes Against ISIS

Source: Officials Provide Details of Latest Strikes Against ISIS

FYI October 21, 2017


1965 – Comet Ikeya–Seki approaches perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers (279,617 miles) from the sun.
Comet Ikeya–Seki, formally designated C/1965 S1, 1965 VIII, and 1965f, was a long-period comet discovered independently by Kaoru Ikeya and Tsutomu Seki. First observed as a faint telescopic object on September 18, 1965, the first calculations of its orbit suggested that on October 21, it would pass just 450,000 km above the Sun’s surface, and would probably become extremely bright.

Comets can defy such predictions, but Ikeya–Seki performed as expected. As it approached perihelion observers reported that it was clearly visible in the daytime sky next to the Sun. In Japan, where it reached perihelion at local noon, it was seen shining at magnitude −10.[1] It proved to be one of the brightest comets seen in the last thousand years, and is sometimes known as the Great Comet of 1965.

The comet was seen to break into three pieces just before its perihelion passage. The three pieces continued in almost identical orbits, and the comet re-appeared in the morning sky in late October, showing a very bright tail. By early 1966, it had faded from view as it receded into the outer solar system.

Ikeya–Seki is a member of the Kreutz sungrazers, which are suggested to be fragments of a large comet which broke up in 1106.

 
 

Images: Comet Ikeya-Seki
 
 
 
 


1886 – Eugene Burton Ely, American soldier and pilot (d. 1911)
Eugene Burton Ely (October 21, 1886[1] – October 19, 1911) was an aviation pioneer, credited with the first shipboard aircraft take off and landing.

Background
Ely was born in Williamsburg, Iowa and raised in Davenport, Iowa. Having completed the eighth grade, he graduated from Davenport Grammar School 4 in January 1901.[2] Although some sources indicate that he attended and graduated from Iowa State University in 1904 (when he would have been 17), the registrar of ISU reports that there is no record of him having done so (nor did he attend the University of Iowa or the University of Northern Iowa).[3] Ely likewise does not appear in the graduations lists for Davenport High School.[4] By 1904 he was employed as a chauffeur to the Rev. Fr. Smyth, a Catholic priest in Cosgrove, Iowa, who shared Ely’s love of fast driving; in Father Smyth’s car (a red Franklin), Ely set the speed record between Iowa City and Davenport.[5]

Ely was living in San Francisco at the time of the earthquake and fire[6] and was active there in the early days of the sales and racing of automobiles.[7] He married Mabel Hall on August 7, 1907; he was 21 and she was 17, which meant the marriage required her mother’s consent;[7][8] they honeymooned in Colorado.[9] The Elys relocated to Nevada City, California in 1909, and for a time he drove an “auto stage” delivery route.[10]

The couple moved to Portland, Oregon in early 1910, where he got a job as an auto salesman, working for E. Henry Wemme.[7] Soon after, Wemme purchased one of Glenn Curtiss’ first four-cylinder biplanes and acquired the franchise for the Pacific Northwest. Wemme was unable to fly the Curtiss biplane, but Ely, believing that flying was as easy as driving a car, offered to fly it. He ended up crashing it instead, and feeling responsible, bought the wreck from Wemme.[7] Within a few months he had repaired the aircraft and learned to fly.[7] He flew it in the Portland area, then headed to Minneapolis, Minnesota in June 1910 to participate in an exhibition, where he met Curtiss and started working for him.[7] After an unsuccessful attempt in Sioux City, Iowa,[11] Ely’s first reported exhibition on behalf of Curtiss was in Winnipeg in July 1910.[12] Ely received Aero Club of America pilot’s license #17 on 5 October 1910.[7]

Naval aviation firsts
In October, Ely and Curtiss met Captain Washington Chambers, USN, who had been appointed by George von Lengerke Meyer, the Secretary of the Navy, to investigate military uses for aviation within the Navy. This led to two experiments. On November 14, 1910, Ely took off in a Curtiss pusher from a temporary platform erected over the bow of the light cruiser USS Birmingham.[7][nb 1] The airplane plunged downward as soon as it cleared the 83-foot platform runway; and the aircraft wheels dipped into the water before rising.[7] Ely’s goggles were covered with spray, and the aviator promptly landed on a beach rather than circling the harbor and landing at the Norfolk Navy Yard as planned.[7] John Barry Ryan offered $500 to build the platform, and a $500 prize, for a ship to shore flight.[14]

Two months later, on January 18, 1911, Ely landed his Curtiss pusher airplane on a platform on the armored cruiser USS Pennsylvania anchored in San Francisco Bay.[nb 2] Ely flew from the Tanforan Racetrack in San Bruno, California and landed on the Pennsylvania, which was the first successful shipboard landing of an aircraft.[16][17] This flight was also the first ever using a tailhook system, designed and built by circus performer and aviator Hugh Robinson.[7] Ely told a reporter: “It was easy enough. I think the trick could be successfully turned nine times out of ten.”

Ely communicated with the United States Navy requesting employment, but United States naval aviation was not yet organized.[7] Ely continued flying in exhibitions while Captain Chambers promised to “keep him in mind” if Navy flying stations were created.[7] Captain Chambers advised Ely to cut out the sensational features for his safety and the sake of aviation.[7] When asked about retiring, The Des Moines Register quoted Ely as replying: “I guess I will be like the rest of them, keep at it until I am killed.”[7]

To commemorate the 100th anniversary of the flight, Naval Commander Bob Coolbaugh flew a personally built replica of Ely’s Curtiss from the runway at NAS Norfolk on November 12, 2010. The U.S. Navy planned to feature the flying demonstration at Naval anniversary events across America.[18]

Death
On October 19, 1911, while flying at an exhibition in Macon, Georgia, his plane was late pulling out of a dive and crashed.[7] Ely jumped clear of the wrecked aircraft, but his neck was broken, and he died a few minutes later.[7] Spectators picked the wreckage clean looking for souvenirs, including Ely’s gloves, tie and cap.[19] On what would have been his twenty-fifth birthday, his body was returned to his birthplace for burial.[20]

On February 16, 1933, Congress awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross posthumously to Ely, “for extraordinary achievement as a pioneer civilian aviator and for his significant contribution to the development of aviation in the United States Navy.”[21] An exhibit of retired naval aircraft at Naval Air Station Norfolk in Virginia bears Ely’s name, and a granite historical marker in Newport News, Virginia, overlooks the waters where Ely made his historic flight in 1911 and recalls his contribution to military aviation, naval in particular.

 
 
 
 


Search hospital inspections
Welcome to hospitalinspections.org, a website run by the Association of Health Care Journalists (AHCJ) that aims to make federal hospital inspection reports easier to access, search and analyze. This site includes details about deficiencies cited during complaint inspections at acute-care, critical access or psychiatric hospitals throughout the United States since Jan. 1, 2011. It does not include results of routine inspections or those of long-term care hospitals. It also does not include hospital responses to deficiencies cited during inspections. Those can be obtained by filing a request with a hospital or the U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
 
 
 
 
Check out the Olivetti Typewriters!
By Adam Richardson: Google and the Resurgence of Italian Design
 
 
 
 
Via Stanford News: New Digital Archive Puts Online 4,000 Historic Images of Rome: The Eternal City from the 16th to 20th Centuries
 
 
 
 

by Ayun Halliday: An Online Trove of Historic Sewing Patterns & Costumes
 
 
 
 
By Megan Sniffin-Marinoff, Harvard University Archives: Scroll through Colonial life
Scroll through Colonial life
Library’s vast collection from era, from love letters to receipts, digitized for public view
By Megan Sniffin-Marinoff, Harvard University Archives
Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff Photographer
In a few weeks, the Harvard Library will release a new website for its ongoing, multiyear digitization “Colonial North American Project at Harvard University.” Approximately 450,000 digitized pages of all the known archival and manuscript materials in the Library relating to 17th- and 18th-century North America will be available to the public.

 
 
 
 
Google Student Blog: Applications are open for 2018 scholarship opportunities in the US, Canada, and EMEA!
 
 
 
 
By Teresa Mioli: Columbia University opens 2018 prize nominations for judicial services and legal decisions supporting freedom of expression
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: An essay from 1942 says all of America loses when small towns struggle; modern essayist says that warning is just as relevant today
 
 
 
 
By Alex Pasternack: To Crowdsource Crime-Fighting, A Cop Camera Giant Eyes Your Videos
 
 

 
 
 
 

Fifth Wheel Motor Home With a Helicopter Pad and a Portable Swimming Pool


The Old Motor: Fifth Wheel Motor Home With a Helicopter Pad and a Portable Swimming Pool
 
 
 
 
The Old Motor: Four Fun Friday Fifties and Sixties Kodachrome Car Images
 
 
 
 
The Old Motor: Stanley Lynde: A Tribute to a Great Man and a Restorer Who Always Helped Others
 
 
 
 
By Alex Hevesey: Celebrate Back To The Future Day By Renting One Of These DeLoreans On Turo

 
 
 
 
NCAA Suspends Penn State Another 3 Years After Remembering Everything They Did

 
 
 
 
By Jamie Green: Baking Soda and Vinegar Are Not the Sink-Saving Combo You’ve Been Led to Believe
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Hits: 31 Essential Hacks For Cleaning Around Your Home
 
 
 
 

By April Proudfoot: Spring Flowerbed Project
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 


 
 

Kinja Deals: Saturday’s Best Deals: JBL Headphones, Samsung Multi-Room Speaker, Dog Beds, and More


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 20, 2017


1951 – The “Johnny Bright incident” occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma
The Johnny Bright incident was a violent on-field assault against African American player Johnny Bright by a white opposing player during an American college football game held on October 20, 1951 in Stillwater, Oklahoma. The game was significant in itself as it marked the first time that an African American athlete with a national profile and of critical importance to the success of his team, the Drake Bulldogs, had played against Oklahoma A&M College (now Oklahoma State University) at Oklahoma A&M’s Lewis Field. Bright’s injury also highlighted the racial tensions of the times and assumed notoriety when it was captured in what was later to become both a widely disseminated and eventually Pulitzer Prize-winning photo sequence.

More on wiki:
 
 

Johnny D. Bright (June 11, 1930 – December 14, 1983) was a professional Canadian football player in the Canadian Football League. He played college football at Drake University. He is a member of the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, the National Football Foundation’s College Football Hall of Fame, the Missouri Valley Conference Hall of Fame, the Edmonton Eskimos Wall of Honour, the Alberta Sports Hall of Fame, and the Des Moines Register’s Iowa Sports Hall of Fame.

In 1951, Bright was named a First Team College Football All-American, and was awarded the Nils V. “Swede” Nelson Sportsmanship Award. In 1969, Bright was named Drake University’s greatest football player of all time. Bright is the only Drake football player to have his jersey number (No. 43) retired by the school, and in June 2006, received honorable mention from ESPN.com senior writer Ivan Maisel as one of the best college football players to ever wear No. 43.[1] In February 2006, the football field at Drake Stadium, in Des Moines, Iowa, was named in his honor.[2] In November 2006, Bright was voted one of the CFL’s Top 50 players (No. 19) of the league’s modern era by Canadian sports network TSN.[3]

In addition to his outstanding professional and college football careers, Bright is perhaps best known for his role as the victim of an intentional, most likely racially motivated, on-field assault by an opposing college football player from Oklahoma A&M (now Oklahoma State University) on October 20, 1951, that was captured in a widely disseminated and Pulitzer Prize winning photo sequence, and eventually came to be known as the “Johnny Bright incident.”

More on wiki:
 
 
 
 


1950 – Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2017)
Thomas Earl Petty[1] (October 20, 1950 – October 2, 2017) was an American rock musician, singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer. Petty served as the lead singer of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers. He was also a member and co-founder of the late 1980s supergroup the Traveling Wilburys, and his early band Mudcrutch.

Petty recorded a number of hit singles with the Heartbreakers and as a solo artist. In his career, he sold more than 80 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time.[2] In 2002, Petty was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Petty suffered cardiac arrest early in the morning of October 2, 2017, and died that night at the UCLA Medical Center in Santa Monica, California.[3][4]

Early life
Petty was born October 20, 1950, in Gainesville, Florida, the first of two sons of Kitty (Avery) and Earl Petty.[5][6] His interest in rock and roll music began at age ten when he met Elvis Presley.[7] In the summer of 1961, his uncle was working on the set of Presley’s film Follow That Dream in nearby Ocala, and invited Petty to come down and watch the shoot.[8] He instantly became an Elvis Presley fan, and when he returned that Saturday, he was greeted by his friend Keith Harben, and soon traded his Wham-O slingshot for a collection of Elvis 45s.[9] Of that meeting with Elvis, Tom Petty said, “Elvis glowed.” [10]

More on wiki:

 
 
 
 


By Messynessy: A Brief Compendium of Art Nouveau Treasures
 
 
 
 
A Redleg’s Ride: Devil’s Tower, Wyoming
 
 
 
 
By Jeff Beer: Don’t Bully Burger King, Keep It Bud Light: The Top 5 Ads Of The Week
 
 
 
 
U.S. Secretary of Labor Acosta Announces Membership of Task Force on Apprenticeship Expansion
WASHINGTON, DC – Following President Donald J. Trump’s Executive Order Expanding Apprenticeships in America, U.S. Secretary of Labor Alexander Acosta today announced members of the President’s Task Force on Apprenticeship Expansion. The Task Force—representing companies, trade and industry groups, educational institutions, and labor unions—brings to the table substantial workforce development experience in addressing the nation’s skills gap.
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Now Available: New Experimental PubMed Search and User Interface in PubMed Labs
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) needs your input. We are experimenting with a new PubMed search algorithm, as well as a mobile-first user interface, and want to know what you think. You can try out these experimental elements at PubMed Labs, a Web site created for the testing potential new PubMed features and gathering user opinions.
 
 
 
 
By Eli Uriegas: My 6 Month Picture Journal in SF
 
 
 
 
By Laura’s Little House: Laundry Sauce – Easy Five Minute Laundry Soap Tutorial
 
 
 
 
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: Scientists Discover a Tiny Monster in Canada’s Arctic Ice
 
 
 
 
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: Watch the Orionid Meteor Shower Peak This Weekend
 
 
 
 
By Cheryl Eddy: 10 Obscure Cult Horror Movies Everyone Should Watch (and Re-Watch)
 
 
 
 
By Renee Lewis: Firefighting Goats Devour Fuel Across the West Before it can Burn
 
 
 
 
By Lauren Evans: This 11-Year-Old Girl Invented a Device That Detects Lead in Water


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 19, 2017


1900 – Max Planck discovers the law of black-body radiation (Planck’s law).
Planck’s law describes the spectral density of electromagnetic radiation emitted by a black body in thermal equilibrium at a given temperature T. The law is named after Max Planck, who proposed it in 1900. It is a pioneering result of modern physics and quantum theory.

The spectral radiance of a body, Bν, describes the amount of energy it gives off as radiation of different frequencies. It is measured in terms of the power emitted per unit area of the body, per unit solid angle that the radiation is measured over, per unit frequency. Planck showed that the spectral radiance of a body for frequency ν at absolute temperature T is given by

B ν ( ν , T ) = 2 h ν 3 c 2 1 e h ν k B T − 1 {\displaystyle B_{\nu }(\nu ,T)={\frac {2h\nu ^{3}}{c^{2}}}{\frac {1}{e^{\frac {h\nu }{k_{\mathrm {B} }T}}-1}}} {\displaystyle B_{\nu }(\nu ,T)={\frac {2h\nu ^{3}}{c^{2}}}{\frac {1}{e^{\frac {h\nu }{k_{\mathrm {B} }T}}-1}}}

where kB the Boltzmann constant, h the Planck constant, and c the speed of light in the medium, whether material or vacuum.[1][2][3] The spectral radiance can also be measured per unit wavelength λ instead of per unit frequency. In this case, it is given by

B λ ( λ , T ) = 2 h c 2 λ 5 1 e h c λ k B T − 1 {\displaystyle B_{\lambda }(\lambda ,T)={\frac {2hc^{2}}{\lambda ^{5}}}{\frac {1}{e^{\frac {hc}{\lambda k_{\mathrm {B} }T}}-1}}} {\displaystyle B_{\lambda }(\lambda ,T)={\frac {2hc^{2}}{\lambda ^{5}}}{\frac {1}{e^{\frac {hc}{\lambda k_{\mathrm {B} }T}}-1}}}.

The law may also be expressed in other terms, such as the number of photons emitted at a certain wavelength, or the energy density in a volume of radiation. The SI units of Bν are W·sr−1·m−2·Hz−1, while those of Bλ are W·sr−1·m−3.

In the limit of low frequencies (i.e. long wavelengths), Planck’s law tends to the Rayleigh–Jeans law, while in the limit of high frequencies (i.e. small wavelengths) it tends to the Wien approximation.

Max Planck developed the law in 1900 with only empirically determined constants, and later showed that, expressed as an energy distribution, it is the unique stable distribution for radiation in thermodynamic equilibrium.[4] As an energy distribution, it is one of a family of thermal equilibrium distributions which include the Bose–Einstein distribution, the Fermi–Dirac distribution and the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution.

More on wiki:
 
 

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS[2] (/plɑːŋk/;[3] 23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947) was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.[4]

Planck made many contributions to theoretical physics, but his fame as a physicist rests primarily on his role as the originator of quantum theory, which revolutionized human understanding of atomic and subatomic processes. In 1948 the German scientific institution the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (of which Planck was twice president), was renamed the Max Planck Society (MPS). The MPS now includes 83 institutions representing a wide range of scientific directions.

More on wiki:

 
 
 
 


1923 – Ruth Carter Stevenson, American art collector, founded the Amon Carter Museum of American Art (d. 2013)
Ruth Carter Stevenson (October 19, 1923 – January 6, 2013) was an American patron of the arts and founder of the Amon Carter Museum of American Art, which opened in Fort Worth, Texas, in January 1961.[1]

Stevenson was born to Amon G. Carter and Nenetta Carter in Fort Worth, Texas, in 1923.[2] She was the second daughter of Carter, the creator and publisher of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram.[1] She graduated from Sarah Lawrence College in Yonkers, New York, in 1945, as a chemistry major.[2][3]

Her father specified in his will that a museum specializing in Western American art to be created after his death in 1955,[1] to house his more than 700 art objects depicting the American West, primarily paintings and sculptures by Frederic Remington and Charles Russell.[2] Stevenson hired architect Philip Johnson to design the building and opened the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art in January 1961, following her father’s wishes.[1][3] She was the first president of the museum’s board of trustees and was president at her death in 2013.[4][5]

Stevenson was also the first woman to be appointed to the board of directors of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.,[1] and the first woman to become the chairman of that board.[3] Along with local art enthusiasts Owen Day and Sam Cantey III, Stephenson assembled An Art Exhibition for the President and Mrs. John F. Kennedy which decorated the suite in the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth, Texas, occupied by United States President John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy on the night before his assassination on November 22, 1963.[6]

Ruth Carter Stevenson died at her home in Fort Worth, Texas, on January 6, 2013, at the age of 89.[1]

 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 

By Wendi Maloney: Take a Century-Old “Grand Tour” of the World
 
 
 
 

By Erin Marquis: Low-Ass Bridge Gives Red Light Runner A Taste Of Instant Karma
 
 
 
 

By Patrick George: Watch The First Full Episode Of Jalopnik’s TV Show Car VS. America Right Here
 
 
 
 
By Kelly Faircloth: New York City Libraries Declare Amnesty for Children’s Fines

 
 
 
 

Is her finger gesture indicating much you can trust her?
Kate Conger and Dell Cameron: Lawmakers Introduce ‘Honest Ads Act’ to Govern Online Political Advertising

 
 
 
 
By Kristin V. Brown: The FDA Just Approved Another Promising Immunotherapy For Cancer
 
 
 
 

By Lindsey Adler: At Least One NFL Owner Cleared A Very Low Bar On Anthem Protests
Leaving a hotel in Manhattan Wednesday afternoon, San Francisco 49ers owner Jed York told me that he believes that “ultimately, social justice is not a political issue.” Meaning, contextually, that it’s not a partisan political issue, from his perspective. Or shouldn’t be, at least.

Will Ferrell Is Your Distracted Dad In These Tech Responsibility PSAs
 
 
 
 
By Cliff Kuang: Uh-Oh: InVision’s New Free Tool Wants To Kill Sketch, Adobe, And Framer
 
 
 
 
Josh Jones: The Power of Introverts: Author Susan Cain Explains Why We Need to Appreciate the Talents & Abilities of the Quiet Ones
“If you take a group of people and put them into a meeting,” says Cain in the short RSA video above, “the opinions of the loudest person, or the most charismatic person, or the most assertive person—those are the opinions that the group tends to follow.” This despite the fact that research shows “zero correlation” between being the loudest voice in the room and having the best ideas. Don’t we know this all too well.

 
 
 
 
By Colin Marshall: 2,000+ Architecture & Art Books You Can Read Free at the Internet Archive
 
 
 
 
By Lydia Dishman: This Weed Warrior Is Breaking Barriers In The Marijuana Movement
In all, the former Navy lieutenant runs three pot-related businesses: the Simply Pure medical and recreational dispensary in Denver, a cooking school and catering business, and the Cannabis Global Initiative (CGI), a consulting firm that specializes in everything weed.
 
 
 
 
By Susan Johnston Taylor: This Startup Teaches Domestic Violence Survivors To Be Entrepreneurs
 
 
FreeFrom
 
 
 
 
Corp Gear: A collection of weapons made out of Corporate Logos.
 
 
 
 
By Jolie Choi 10 Stress Relieving Teas You can Brew at Home After a Long Day of Work
 
 
 
 
By Emma Lord: “Dave The Period Fairy” Has Become A Viral Sensation After A Woman Shared A Nightmare Hiking Experience On Reddit
I ask him why he had these, he’s just like, “I’ve been hiking with women for years, you think I’m stupid?”
 
 
 
 
By Lucia Peters: This Woman Got A Wonder Woman Tattoo Over Her Double Mastectomy Scars & It Is Insanely Badass
 
 
 
 
By Anna Chui: Why Trying Hard to Stay in an Unhappy Relationship Is Not Love, but Fear
 
 
 
 
By Liz Seegert: Norman Lear on aging, comedy and a happy life
Wrapping up the interview, Stewart asked Lear about his secret to a happy life. “Two little words we don’t pay enough attention to,” he said. “Over and next.” When something is over, it’s over, and we’re all on to next. If there was a hammock between those two words, that would be the best definition of living in the moment. For Lear, aging is about appreciating what’s in front of you.
 
 
 
 
A Redleg’s Ride: Wall Drugstore and Badlands National Park
A Redleg’s Ride: Badlands Sunrise


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 18, 2017


1356 – Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys the town of Basel, Switzerland.
The Basel earthquake of 18 October 1356 is the most significant seismological event to have occurred in Central Europe in recorded history[1] and had a moment magnitude in the range of 6.0–7.1.[2] This earthquake is also known as the “Séisme de la Saint-Luc”, as 18 October is the feast day of Saint Luke the Evangelist.

Earthquake
After a foreshock between 19:00 and 20:00 local time, the main earthquake struck in the evening at around 22:00, and numerous aftershocks followed through that night.[3] Basel experienced a second, very violent shock in the middle of the night. The town within the ramparts was destroyed by a fire when torches and candles falling to the floor set the wooden houses ablaze. The number of deaths within the town of Basel alone is estimated at 300. All major churches and castles within a 30 km (19 mi) radius of Basel were destroyed.[4]

The seismic crisis lasted a year. The modeling of the macroseismic data[4] suggests that the earthquake’s source had an east-west orientation, a direction corresponding with the overlapping faults on the Jura Front.[5] On the other hand, recent paleoseismologic studies attribute the cause of this earthquake to a normal fault, oriented NNE-SSW and south of the town.[6] The significant magnitude of the event suggests a possible extension of this fault under the town.

Location
Due to the limited records of the event, a variety of epicenters have been proposed for the earthquake. Some of the proposed locations include faults beneath the Jura Mountains or along the Basel-Reinach escarpment.[1] Another study placed the epicenter 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Basel.[7]

Intensity
The earthquake was felt as far away as Zürich, Konstanz, and even in Île-de-France. The maximum intensity registered on the Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale was IX–X (Destructive–Devastating). Notably, the macroseismic map was established on the basis of damage reported by the region’s 30 to 40 castles.[4][8]

From this macroseismic data, various studies have been conducted to estimate the moment magnitude of the earthquake, which have resulted in various values of 6.2 (BRGM 1998);[2][4] 6.0 (GEO-TER 2002);[2] 6.9 (SED 2004) with a follow-up report suggesting a range of between 6.7 and 7.1;[2] 6.6 (GFZ 2006);[2] and a major Swiss study by 21 European experts, with American involvement, in which four sub-groups estimated values of 6.9, 6.9, 6.5 to 6.9, and 6.5 ± 0.5 (PEGASOS 2002–2004).[2] There are also different opinions about which faults were involved.[2]

Damage
The earthquake destroyed the city of Basel, Switzerland, near the southern end of the Upper Rhine Graben, and caused much destruction in a vast region extending into France and Germany. Though major earthquakes are common at the seismically active edges of tectonic plates in Turkey, Greece, and Italy, intraplate earthquakes are rare events in Central Europe. According to the Swiss Seismological Service, of more than 10,000 earthquakes in Switzerland over the past 800 years, only half a dozen of them have registered more than 6.0 on the Richter scale.[9]

 
 
 
 


1897 – Isabel Briggs Myers, American theorist and author (d. 1980)
Isabel Briggs Myers (October 18, 1897 – May 5, 1980[1][2]) was an American author and co-creator of a personality inventory known as the Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Briggs Myers created the MBTI with her mother, Katharine Cook Briggs.

MBTI personality indicator
Main article: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

Briggs Myers implemented the ideas of Carl Jung and added her own insights. She then created a paper survey which would eventually become the MBTI. The test was to assess personality type and was fully developed after 20 years of research by Briggs Myers with her mother and thousands of others. In the 21st century, research into this instrument is still being put into action with dozens of articles written per year. The questionnaire is meant to help people realize their “best fit type”, the personality type that will help them succeed most in life.[3] The three original pairs of preferences in Jung’s typology are Extraversion and Introversion, Sensing and Intuition, and Thinking and Feeling. After studying them, Briggs Myers added a fourth pair, Judging and Perceiving.

Extraversion or Introversion: refers to where and how one directs his or her attention and energy — on people and things in the outer world, or alone in the inner world [4]
Sensing or Intuition: refers to how one prefers to deal with information — by focusing on the basic information, or by interpreting and adding meaning[5]
Thinking or Feeling: refers to decision making — objectively, using logic and consistency, or subjectively, considering other people and special circumstances[6]
Judging or Perceiving: refers to how one interacts with the outer world — with a preference towards getting things decided, or for staying open to new information and options[7]

Influences
In the July 1980 edition of MBTI News, Briggs Myers attributed another reason for creating the MBTI to her marriage to “Chief” Clarence Myers. Their differences in psychological type (she was an INFP and he was an ISTJ) inspired her mother, Katharine Cook Briggs, to keep studying differences among people and their actions. Cook Briggs came upon the work of Carl Gustav Jung and introduced it to her daughter who then started studying the psychological types.

When World War II began, Briggs Myers wanted to help reduce conflict among people. People were dying, hurting and harming each other, and she wanted to help them understand each other instead of hurting them. She observed that some people also hated their jobs in the military and she wanted to know what was behind that.

In 1945, the dean of the George Washington School of Medicine allowed Briggs Myers and Cook Briggs to apply the MBTI to first-year undergraduates. This included about 5,500 students and Briggs Myers studied it for years by looking at patterns among dropouts and successful students.[8]

Fiction
The novel Murder Yet to Come, published in 1929, won the National Detective Murder Mystery Contest for that year. It applies her ideas about personality type into a murder mystery.[9]

Briggs Myers’ second work of fiction, Give Me Death, published in 1934, revisits the same detectives from Murder Yet to Come but also describes personality type as racially determined. In it, a Southern family commits suicide one by one after learning they may have “Negro blood”.[10][11]

Application
In 1962, the Educational Testing Service published the MBTI for research-only purposes. In 1975, 1977 and 1979, three national MBTI conferences were held at the University of Florida, Michigan State University, and Philadelphia respectively. In 1975, Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc. published the MBTI as a tool for helping people.

In the 2000s, the MBTI is now taken by more than two million people per year and is translated into 16 languages.[8]

Legacy
CAPT

In 1975, Briggs Myers co-founded the Center for Application of Psychological Type with Mary McCaulley. CAPT is a non-profit organization which maintains research and application of the MBTI. It also exists to protect and promote Briggs Myers’ ideology.[3] Its headquarters are in Gainesville, Florida and its motto is “Fostering human understanding through training, publishing, and research”.[8]

Memorial research awards
The Isabel Briggs Myers Memorial Research Awards exist to further MBTI and psychological research. These awards are given twice a year. They consist of $2,000 for up to two people. They are rewarded for advancements in understanding of these topics to focus on continuous research in the field.[12]

 
 
 
 


By Lydia Magallanes: Leesville man’s fiddle version of National Anthem captivates Facebook
Leesville, LA. Grant Blakeney is known for owning local businesses like Fox’s Pizza in Leesville, but after the Leesville Lions Club Rodeo on October 7th, a video of his fiddle rendition of the National Anthem would resonate on Facebook. Since that Saturday, the post has been shared one thousand times with nearly 60 thousand views.


 
 
 
 
A senseless death but a sensible legacy.
By Rafi Schwartz: A Philando Castile Memorial Fund Has Wiped Out All Student Lunch Debt in St. Paul
 
 
 
 
By Molly Osberg: The Long, Thorny History of the Cherokee Who Owned African Slaves
 
 
 
 
By Rafi Schwartz: As Fires Rage Across Northern California, Native Tribes Are Coming to the Rescue
 
 
 
 
By Sam Barsanti: R.I.P. Gord Downie, Tragically Hip frontman
 
 
 
 
By Andrew Liszewski: Lego’s Cool Women of NASA Set Is Coming—But It Doesn’t Include the Hidden Figures Heroine as Originally Hoped
 
 
 
 
By Andrew Liszweski: Watch This Photoshop Master Use a Clever Trick to Make an Ugly Crane Disappear
 
 
 
 
By Andrew Liszweski: This Timelapse Footage of Denali Is a Mountain of Spectacular Nature Video Tropes

 
 
 
 
By Erik Shilling: Ford Will Recall 1.3 Million F-150 And Super Duty Trucks Because The Doors May Open While Driving
 
 
 
 
By Colin Marshall: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Makes 375,000 Images of Fine Art Available Under a Creative Commons License: Download, Use & Remix
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: New Research Resource: The Social Welfare History Image Portal (Ephemera from Women’s Suffrage, Temperance, Civil Rights and Other Social Movements)
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Opportunities: Library of Congress Announces Librarians-in-Residence Pilot Program For Recent LIS Master’s Graduates
The Library of Congress is launching a Librarians-in-Residence pilot program to offer early career librarians the opportunity to develop their expertise and contribute to building, stewarding and sharing the institution’s vast collections.

The application period is Nov. 1 to Nov. 30, 2017. The Library will select up to four applicants for a six-month residency beginning in June 2018. The program is open to students who will complete their master’s degrees in an American Library Association-accredited library/information science program no later than June 2018 or who completed such a degree no earlier than December 2016.
 
 
 
 
By Joel Cunningham: Announcing Barnes & Noble’s 3rd Annual Mini Maker Faire, November 11-12, 2017
 
 
 
 

FROM DEBRA: Face masks for smoke, new houses burning create toxic waste, and more…
 
 
 
 

Great!
By Matt: Irish people can’t take Storm Ophelia seriously (21 Photos)


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 17, 2017


1091 – London tornado of 1091: A tornado thought to be of strength T8/F4 strikes the heart of London.
The London Tornado of 1091 is reckoned by modern assessment of the reports as possibly a T8 tornado (roughly equal to an F4 tornado) which occurred in London in the Kingdom of England and was the earliest reported tornado, occurring on Friday, 17 October 1091.[1] The wooden London Bridge was demolished, and the church of St. Mary-le-Bow in the city of London was badly damaged; four rafters 26 feet (7.9 m) long were driven into the ground with such force that only 4 feet (1.2 m) protruded above the surface. Other churches in the area were demolished, as were over 600 (mostly wooden) houses. For all the damage inflicted, the tornado claimed just two victims from a population of about 18,000.[2][3]

 
 
 
 


1921 – Priscilla Buckley, American journalist and author (d. 2012)
Priscilla Langford Buckley (October 17, 1921 – March 25, 2012)[1][2] was an American author who was the managing editor of National Review magazine and a sister of its founder William F. Buckley, Jr.. Another brother was retired federal judge and former United States Senator James L. Buckley who named his daughter after her and dedicated his 2010 book Freedom at Risk: Reflections on Politics, Liberty, and the State to his sister.[3][4]

Personal life

Buckley was born in New York City to William Frank Buckley, Sr., and Aloise Josephine Antonia Steiner. She graduated with a degree in history in 1943 from Smith College where one of her best friends was feminist Betty Friedan.[5][6] She worked for the CIA in the 1950s and for United Press in New York and Paris from 1944 to 1948 (NY) and again from 1953 to 1956 (Paris). She later wrote a 2001 book about her United Press days, “String of Pearls.” [7][8] Whittaker Chambers was the one who suggested to William F. Buckley that he make his sister the managing editor of National Review, a position she acquired in 1959 when the original managing editor Suzanne La Follette retired.[9] She worked as an editor of National Review for forty-three years.[10] Some of the writers whom she helped to train include Paul Gigot, Bill McGurn, Mona Charen, and Anthony R. Dolan.[11] Her 2001 memoir about international journalism was entitled String of Pearls while her 2005 memoir Living It Up with National Review: A Memoir is about her time at National Review magazine as well as stories about her travels and personal life.[12][13]

Death
Buckley died on March 25, 2012, at the age of 90, at Great Elm, the house in Sharon, Connecticut, where she and her nine siblings grew up.[14]

 
 
 
 

John McCain: Remarks At The 2017 Liberty Medal Ceremony
May God bless them. May God bless America, and give us the strength and wisdom, the generosity and compassion, to do our duty for this wondrous land, and for the world that counts on us. With all its suffering and dangers, the world still looks to the example and leadership of America to become, another, better place. What greater cause could anyone ever serve.

Thank you again for this honor. I’ll treasure it.
 
 
 
 
By Martin: UPS drivers have a page for the dogs they meet, and I can’t handle it (40 Photos)
 
 
 
 

Murals, Mammoths and Fall Colors
 
 
 
 
By Rebecca Vesely: Can integration, tech support boost mental health access?
Carolinas HealthCare System is just one example of how a community is seeking to improve access to mental health services within the confines of a national psychiatry shortage. What other examples can you find in your communities?
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: UPDATE October 15, 2017 Chicago Sun-Times Movie Archives Headed To U. of Illinois (via Sun-Times)
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Repositories: Penn Libraries to End Partnership with bepress, Calls on Others to Join Them
 
 
You can follow this journey on our Operation beprexit blog.
 
 
Hear Florence Welch’s Radio Documentary About the Making of David Bowie’s Heroes (Free for a Limited Time)
 
 
 
 

 
 
By Josh Jones: The Boston Public Library Will Digitize & Put Online 200,000+ Vintage Records
 
 
By Alexa Vazquez: The Boston Public Library Owns 200,000 Vinyl Records — And It’s Putting Them All Online
 
 
 
 
By Jen Harper: 7 Awesome Alphabet Books to Get Kids Excited about the ABCs
 
 
 
 
By Emil Wallner: Colorizing B&W Photos with Neural Networks
 
 
 
 
By Ben Brown: Help keep kids safe online with Site Blocking from Google Wifi
 
 
 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

Shopping Kim – Money Savings Tips

Howl-O-Ween Hop: Win A Target Gift Card
We are giving away another $25 Target gift card here in conjunction with the Howl-O-Ween Hop event hosted by The Mommy Island and The Kids Did It. Enter to win below (or click here first if reading via a reader), then scroll down to enter more giveaways from fellow bloggers in the event. US only; 18+; ends 10/25/17 – Good luck! Entry-Form Keep reading to enter over one hundred other giveaways from different bloggers….
 
 
 
 

9 Tips for Freelance Writers on Saving Money
You know… most people think that a freelancing job will never offer them enough resources to live a carefree life. This is far from the truth. It’s true that hard work is involved, but every serious job demands it. Smart freelance writers manage to handle all their daily needs and still put something aside. Most of them are travelers which enjoy their life to the fullest. Being a successful freelance writer is all about the rhythm. You must find it in order to have a fruitful career. Most of us have the impression that in order to become a writer, you must write novels or poems. That’s far from the truth, considering that many freelance writers are writing blog
 
 
 
 

Buy A Computer Now, Pay Later
Need a new computer?
Everyone relies on computers nowadays for everything from doing homework to buying necessities to browsing social media and more. But computers can get expensive! Luckily, we’ve found several online stores that offer deferred billing so you can buy a computer now, and pay later over time with monthly payments with no credit checks. Gazelle Sells certified pre-owned Macbooks and electronics and accepts Affirm for payment. Affirm lets you get your order now, then split your purchase into multiple payments to pay back over time to fit your budget. Shop Gazelle.com now! Dell.com Sign up for Dell Preferred Account which is a revolving line of credit that is available for computers purchased for personal and home use. Shop Dell.com now!

Shopping Kim – Money Savings Tips

FYI October 16, 2017


1384 – Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.
Jadwiga ([jadˈvʲiɡa]), also known as Hedwig (Hungarian: Hedvig; 1373/4 – 17 July 1399), was the first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland, reigning from 16 October 1384 until her death. She was the youngest daughter of Louis the Great, King of Hungary and Poland, and his wife Elizabeth of Bosnia. Jadwiga was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, but had more close ancestors among the Polish Piasts. She was canonized in the Roman Catholic Church in 1997.

Her marriage to William of Austria was planned in 1375 and she lived in Vienna between 1378 and 1380. Jadwiga and William were allegedly regarded as her father’s favoured successors in Hungary after her eldest sister Catherine’s death in 1379, since the Polish noblemen had paid homage to Louis’ second daughter, Mary, and Mary’s fiancé, Sigismund of Luxemburg, that same year. However, Louis died and Mary was crowned “King of Hungary” on the demand of her mother in 1382. Sigismund of Luxemburg tried to seize Poland, but the Polish noblemen countered that they would only obey a daughter of King Louis if she settled in their country. Queen Elizabeth then nominated Jadwiga to reign in Poland, but did not send her to Kraków to be crowned. During the interregnum, Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, became a candidate for the Polish throne. The nobles of Greater Poland especially favoured him, proposing he marry Jadwiga. However, the noblemen of Lesser Poland opposed his election and persuaded Queen Elizabeth to send Jadwiga to Poland.

Jadwiga was crowned “king” in Kraków on 16 October 1384. Her crowning either reflected the Polish lords’ opposition to her intended future husband, William, adopting the royal title without a further Act or only emphasized that she was a queen regnant. With her mother’s consent, Jadwiga’s advisors opened negotiations with Jogaila, Grand Duke of Lithuania, who was still a heathen, about his marriage to Jadwiga. Jogaila signed the Union of Krewo, promising to convert to Roman Catholicism and to promote his ‘pagan’ subjects’ conversion. Meanwhile, William of Habsburg hurried to Kraków to demand the consummation of his pre-arranged marriage with Jadwiga, but the Polish lords expelled him in late August 1385. Jogaila, who received the baptismal name Władysław, married Jadwiga on 15 February 1386. Legend says that she had only agreed to marry him after long prayers, seeking divine inspiration.

Władysław-Jogaila was crowned king on 4 March. As her co-ruler, Władysław closely cooperated with his wife. After rebellious lords had imprisoned her mother and sister, she marched into Ruthenia, which had been under Hungarian rule, and persuaded most local inhabitants to become subjects of the Polish Crown without resistance. She acted as mediator between her husband’s quarreling kinsmen, and between Poland and the Teutonic Knights. After her sister Mary died in 1395, Jadwiga and Władysław-Jogaila laid claim to Hungary against the widowed Sigismund of Luxemburg, but the Hungarian lords did not support them.

More on wiki:

 
 
 
 


1908 – Olivia Coolidge, English-American author and educator (d. 2006)
Margaret Olivia Ensor Coolidge (October 16, 1908[1] − December 10, 2006[2]) was a British-born American writer and educator. She published 27 books, many for young adults, including The Greek Myths (1949), her debut; The Trojan War (1952); Legends of the North (1951); Makers of the Red Revolution (1963); Men of Athens, one runner-up for the 1963 Newbery Medal; Lives of Famous Romans (1965); and biographies of Eugene O’Neill, Winston Churchill, Edith Wharton, Gandhi, and Tom Paine. Olivia Coolidge was born in London to Sir Robert Ensor, a journalist and historian. She earned a degree in Classics and Philosophy at Somerville College, Oxford, in 1931 and a Master’s degree in 1940. In Germany, England and the U.S. she taught Greek, Latin, and English. In 1946 she married Archibald C. Coolidge of Connecticut, who had four children. [2]

 
 
 
 

By Patrick Lucas Austin: Your Wi-Fi is Vulnerable to Attack—Update Your Devices to Fix It
The US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) has compiled a list of manufacturers that have been notified about the vulnerability, as well as whether or not they have provided information concerning updated devices. Be sure to check if your wireless router’s manufacturer is on the list, and update your router following their instructions.

As always, you should steer clear of public Wi-Fi networks if you can help it, and continue to use WPA2 encryption on your devices, as it’s still the most secure option available.

Updated at 5:00 p.m., 10/16/17 ET: Apple confirmed its vulnerability patch would arrive “within the next few weeks.”

 
 
 
 
Condolences. The money will not bring their son back but it might put a stop to “hazing” and other forms of abuse by military personnel. “No hazing the recruits, we can’t afford it.”
By Atoz: Family of Muslim Marine recruit who died in boot camp sues for $100M
 
 
 
 
One bullet.
By Jonathan Drew: Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl Pleads Guilty to Desertion, Misbehavior

 
 
 
 
By Binoy Prabhakar: One of India’s most famous newspapermen is turning to digital with a political journalism platform
One of India’s most famous newspapermen is turning to digital with a political journalism platform
Shekhar Gupta said he named his new venture The Print to signal to readers that its standards would be high: “We feel there is a belief that once you go digital, the bar is lowered.”
 
 
 
 
By Brittany Jezouit: David Bowie, ELO, and The National: 5 Fonts Inspired by Music
 
 
 
 

By Associated Press: After 883 years, Cistercian monastery to close in Germany
 
 
Himmerod Abbey
Himmerod Abbey (Kloster Himmerod) is a Cistercian monastery in the community of Großlittgen in the Verbandsgemeinde of Manderscheid in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, located in the Eifel, in the valley of the Salm.
 
 
 
 
This sounds like a good idea. Romance versus reality might show some flaws in the plan. Maybe CA should have a list of reputable breeders, not puppy mills, and allow folks to have the option of purchasing from them thru a pet store? If you get a shelter animal, you might not have any health/personality background on it. If people report puppy mills,that is a step in the direction of shutting them down.
By Megan Reynolds: All Pets in Pet Stores Must Come From Shelters or Rescue Agencies, Says New California Law
 
 
 
 
By David Tracy: How A North Carolina Mechanic Home-Brewed A Cadillac Seville Into An Epic Car Hauler
 
 
 
 
By Melanie Ehrenkranz: Australia Launches First Nation-Wide Reporting System for Revenge Porn
 
 
 
 
By Noel Murray: A very special 1970s nightmare, starring Vincent Price, H.R. Pufnstuf, and the Brady Bunch
 
 
 
 
The Alexander Piano
One of my most interesting achievements has been to build the Alexander piano. Here is a brief history of the making of this piano. There’s much much more to the full story

Looking back I recognise the task I had. At the age of 15 a question to my piano teacher sparked a curiosity enough to do an experiment in the back yard. In conclusion after seeing the length of string needed and hearing the sound I was convinced that I was going to build a piano with very long and deep sounding bass strings. In my 16th year I was lucky enough to have been given access to the space in our neighbour’s garage. I had no idea what I was doing at the beginning.I just knew what I wanted the outcome to be.

I needed to learn something that was not able to be taught, in the respect that such a piano with a string scale this different had never been built. The project unlocked a lot of intuitive problem solving with discovery, experiment after experiment, theories guess work, the known and the unknown. There were so many technical problems that had never been addressed that I was facing just because of the physical dimensions.

Knowing very little at the beginning and the ignorance of youth meant I ‘knew’ it was possible and I carried that notion through the entire project even when many said I was wasting my time.

 
 
 
 
John Waters’ commencement speech at RISD, 2015 (transcript)

John Waters Commencement Address – RISD 2015 from RISD Media on Vimeo.

Uh, don’t hate all rich people. They’re not all awful. Believe me, I know some evil poor people, too. We need some rich people: Who else is going to back our movies or buy our art? I’m rich! I don’t mean money-wise. I mean that I have figured out how to never be around assholes at any time in my personal and professional life. That’s rich. And not being around assholes should be the goal of every graduate here today.

It’s OK to hate the poor, too, but only the poor of spirit, not wealth. A poor person to me can have a big bank balance but is stupid by choice – uncurious, judgemental, isolated and unavailable to change.
 
 
 
 
By Patrick Lucas Austin: Before Buying a Kindle, Consider the Physical Book’s Benefits
 
 

 
 
 
 

By Danielle Guercio: How to Make the Best Possible Pot Brownies

 
 
 
 
By Artemis: Rain Chain
 
 
 
 
Kinja Deals: Monday’s Top Deals: SanDisk Gold Box, Portable Projector, Upgraded Robotic Vacuum, and More
 
 
 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

Soap Deli News: DIY Agate Slice Soaps That Anyone Can Make!

DIY Agate Slice Soaps That Anyone Can Make!
Soapmaking Archives – Soap Deli News

13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCLVII)

1. The Gentleman’s Surprise Chair circa 1888Found on Reddit. 2. A Belle Epoque French Villa is the most Expensive House For Sale in the WorldVilla Cedres is a 187 year old, 18000 square foot mansion being sold by the Italian drinks company Davide Campari-Milano for €350

13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCLVII)