Category: FYI


FYI December 11, 2017

1602 – A surprise attack by forces under the command of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain, is repelled by the citizens of Geneva. (Commemorated annually by the Fête de l’Escalade.)

L’Escalade, or Fête de l’Escalade (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls), is an annual festival held in December in Geneva, Switzerland, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy during the night of 11–12 December 1602. The celebrations and other commemorative activities are usually held on 12 December or the closest weekend.

For years, the duke coveted the wealth of the city-state, which was not then a member of the Swiss Confederation. When Charles Emmanuel came to the throne of the House of Savoy in 1580, he longed to make Geneva his capital north of the Alps and crush Protestantism. Pope Clement VIII offered encouragement; in 1602 he appointed as Catholic bishop of Geneva Francis de Sales, an effective preacher who had recently been successful in re-Catholicizing the Chablais district of Savoy on the south side of Lake Geneva.

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1900 – Hermína Týrlová, Czechoslovakian animator, screenwriter, and film director (d. 1993)
Hermína Týrlová (11 December 1900 in Březové Hory – 3 May 1993 in Zlín) was a prominent Czech animator, screen writer, and film director. She was often called the mother of Czech animation. Over the course of her career, she produced over 60 animated children’s short films using puppets and the technique of stop motion animation.

Biography and Career
Born in Březové Hory in Central Bohemia, Hermína Týrlová learned puppet-making skills from her father, who was a woodworker and made small wood figurines. As a teenager, she moved to Prague to make a living acting, singing, and dancing in vaudeville. She also began writing and illustrating children’s magazines. In 1925, she joined Studio AB, where she met her future husband, Karel Dodal. The studio produced animated films for advertising companies such as Elektrajournal and IRE-Film.[1] Dodal and Týrlová produced 5 animated advertising films together,[2] and in 1935, they co-directed the first commercial Czech puppet animation film, Tajemství Lucerny (“The Lantern’s Secret”).

Following the 1939 German occupation of Czechoslovakia, Karel Dodal took exile in the United States and then Argentina. Týrlová chose to remain in Czechoslovakia. In 1941, she moved to Zlín in eastern Moravia to work with Ladislav Kolda at Bata Studios, where she remained for the rest of her life.[2] In 1944, she released the short film Ferda Mravenec (“Fernando the Ant”), which achieved worldwide popularity. The original puppet for the main character is on display in the Toy Museum in Figueres, Spain. In 1947, she co-directed Vzpoura Hracek (“Revolt of the Toys”) with Frantisek Sadek,[3] which combined stop-motion animation with live action footage.

She continued to write and direct animated films until 1986, and she died in Zlín on May 3, 1993 at the age of 92.

Throughout the course of her career, Hermína Týrlová earned multiple international awards for her work, including awards at Venice, Cannes, Locarno, and Mar Del Plata. In 1952, she received the State Prize of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.[4] She received an award for her life’s work at the 1981 Paris International Film Festival.

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1904 – Marge, American cartoonist (d. 1993)
Marjorie Henderson Buell (December 11, 1904–May 30, 1993; née Marjorie Lyman Henderson) was an American cartoonist who worked under the pen name Marge. She was best known as the creator of Little Lulu.

Early life
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2016)

Marjorie Lyman Henderson was born in 1904 in Philadelphia.[1] Homeschooled until she was 11 or 12, she and her two sisters had a talent for art.

At 16 she sold her first cartoon to the Public Ledger.[2] Her work appeared in humor magazines and other periodicals, including Collier’s, Judge, Life.[1] She also created illustrations for Country Gentleman and Ladies’ Home Journal. By the late 1920s she worked under the name “Marge” and had a syndicated comic strip, The Boy Friend,[2] her first syndicated comic strip, which ran from 1925 through 1926. This and another strip of hers, Dashing Dot, both featuring female leads.[3] Marge was friends with Oz author Ruth Plumly Thompson and illustrated her fantasy novel King Kojo (1933).

In 1934 The Saturday Evening Post requested Buell to create a strip to replace Carl Anderson’s Henry.[1] Buell created a little girl character in place of Henry’s little boy as she believed “a girl could get away with more fresh stunts that in a boy would seem boorish”. The first single-panel instalment ran in the Post on February 23, 1935; in it, Lulu appears as a flower girl at a wedding and strews the aisle with banana peels. The single-panel strip continued in the Post until the December 30, 1944, issue, and continued from then as a regular comic strip.[3] Buell retained the rights, unusual for the time. Buell marketed Little Lulu widely throughout the 1940s. Buell herself ceased drawing the strip in 1947, and in 1950 Little Lulu became a daily syndicated by Chicago Tribune–New York News Syndicate and ran until 1969.[4] After she stopped drawing the strip, Buell herself only drew Lulu for the lucrative Kleenex advertisements.[5]

Paramount Pictures approached Buell in 1943 with a proposal to develop a series of animated shorts. She traveled to New York to meet with Paramount executives and tour the animation facilities, and there was introduced to William C. Erskine, who became her business representative.[5]

Thereafter Little Lulu was widely merchandised,[6] and was the first mascot for Kleenex tissues;[3] from 1952 to 1965 the character appeared in an elaborate animated billboard in Times Square in New York City[7] designed by Artkraft Strauss.[5]

The character appeared in comic books, animated cartoons, greeting cards and more. Little Lulu comic books, popular internationally, were translated into Arabic, Dutch, Finnish, French, Japanese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish and Greek. Buell stopped drawing Little Lulu in 1947, and the work was continued by others, while she kept creative control. Sketching and writing of the Little Lulu comic book series was taken on by John Stanley, who later drew Nancy and Sluggo. Buell sold her Little Lulu rights to Western Publishing when she retired in 1971.

Personal life

In 1936, she married Clarence Addison Buell[5] who had a career in the Bell Telephone Company. The two reached a compromise in their career ambitions, in that the husband agreed to turn down promotions that would result in relocation, and the wife would keep her creation enough in check that she would be available for her children.[2] The couple had two sons: Larry, born in 1939; and Fred, born in 1942.

She shied from the spotlight, rarely giving interviews or allowing publication of photos of herself.[5] She also shied away from politics, and resisted requests from her sons to include progressive elements such as a black playmate for Lulu.[2]

After the sale of the Lulu copyrights in 1971, the Buell couple retired to Ohio, where their son Larry resided.[5] Buell died on May 30, 1993,[1] of lymphoma in Elyria, Ohio.[citation needed] Buell’s son Larry is a professor of American Literature at Harvard, and her son Fred is a professor of English at Queens College.[2]

In July 2006, Buell’s family donated the “Marge Papers” to the Schlesinger Library at Harvard University. The papers include a collection of fan mail, comic books, scrapbooks of high points in Lulu’s history and a complete set of the newspaper cartoons.[2]

In 2003, an original 1930s watercolor of Little Lulu by Buell brought $584 on eBay.[citation needed]


By Heather Chapman: Maine hunter saves buck trapped in frozen lake, says ‘These animals are a gift’
By Stephanie Donovan: Blog Profiles: Higher Education Blogs
By Anna Jasinski: Blog Profiles: Beard Blogs
By Keaton Herzer: What My Cat Taught Me About Product Design
By Susan Scutti, CNN: Cocaine deaths among blacks on par with opioid deaths among whites, study finds
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: The Coolest Scientific Discoveries of 2017
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: A Single Bird Caused a $220,000 Boost to the US Economy
By George Dvorsky: We Finally Know Why Birds Are So Freakishly Smart
Climate Change Is Erasing Human HistoryBy Maddie Stone:
UTQIAĠVIK, ALASKA—On a crumbling heap of thousand-year-old garbage overlooking a leaden sea, Anne Jensen shakes her head disapprovingly. A gust of Arctic air whips her hair around her face as she scrutinizes the beige house perched sixty feet above us, atop an Iñupiat archaeological site that’s fast eroding into the ocean.

By Pete Brook: Photos of San Francisco’s first mustachioed cycling fanatics put today’s bike hipsters to shame
Eleftheria Batsou: How I concluded to my portfolio website
By Ernio Hernandez: A life in timeline. a collaboration by 36 writers This is the story of a woman. Told year by year. In less than 750 words.

If you’re not intrigued by someone’s unique personality, and instead feel annoyed by them, then what you feel for them is not love.By Kris Gage: You Didn’t Really Love Them That Much

This Month’s Grateful Offerings from A Network for Grateful Living

By Erica Offutt: Kinja Deals Monday’s Best Deals: Logitech Gold Box, Travel Accessories, Amazon Devices, and More


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FYI December 10, 2017

1665 – The Royal Netherlands Marine Corps is founded by Michiel de Ruyter
The Korps Mariniers is the marine corps and amphibious infantry component of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The marines are trained to operate anywhere in the world in all environments, under any condition and circumstance, as a rapid reaction force. The Korps Mariniers can be deployed to any location in the world within 48 hours. Their motto is Qua Patet Orbis (“As Far As The World Extends”).

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Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter (Dutch pronunciation: [mɪˈxil ˈaːdrijaːnˌsoːn də ˈrœy̯tər]; 24 March 1607 – 29 April 1676) was a Dutch admiral. He was one of the most skilled admirals in history, most famous for his role in the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 17th century. He fought the English and French and scored several major victories against them, the best known probably being the Raid on the Medway. The pious De Ruyter was very much loved by his sailors and soldiers; from them his most significant nickname derived: Bestevaêr (older Dutch for ‘grandfather’.)

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1815 – Ada Lovelace, English mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1852)More on wiki:


By Joshua Levine, Photographs by Christian Als: Europe’s Famed Bog Bodies Are Starting to Reveal Their Secrets
If you’re looking for the middle of nowhere, the Bjaeldskovdal bog is a good place to start. It lies six miles outside the small town of Silkeborg in the middle of Denmark’s flat, sparse Jutland peninsula. The bog itself is little more than a spongy carpet of moss, with a few sad trees poking out. An ethereal stillness hangs over it. A child would put it more simply: This place is really spooky.
By Cleo Egnal: Researchers Just Discovered Who The Man In The Iron Mask Really Was

The man in the iron mask is a centuries-old tale that has been passed down through stories, art, and even movies starring Leonardo DiCaprio. It all began in the 1680s, when a mysterious prisoner, locked up by order of the French king Louis XIV, was spotted wearing a mask made of iron. No one ever saw his face, and the age old question lingered for hundreds of years: who was the man in the iron mask?

Theories about the prisoner have been thrown around for centuries, but historians have finally come up with a conclusive answer. Although the identity of the masked man has been revealed, the tales perpetuated by the likes of author Alexandre Dumas and philosopher Voltaire still live on to this day.

By Morgan Daimler: Irish-American Witchcraft: When Fairies Do the Haunting
This time of year, as we move from Samhain to the Winter Solstice, tends to be a time when people are more aware of spirits and ghosts. Our minds seem to naturally be more open to the idea of the dead lingering around us when the external world is in a stage of rest, death, and resetting. It’s always interested me though that whenever there’s an uptick in paranormal activity, be it this time of year or any other, people seem to default to assuming its human ghosts doing the haunting when in reality the world includes a wide range of possibilities.
By Maria Popova Brain Pickings: The Songs of Trees: A Biologist’s Lyrical Ode to How Relationships Weave the Fabric of Life
For biologist David George Haskell, the notion of listening to trees is neither metaphysical abstraction nor mere metaphor.

In The Songs of Trees: Stories from Nature’s Great Connectors (public library), Haskell proves himself to be the rare kind of scientist Rachel Carson was when long ago she pioneered a new cultural aesthetic of poetic prose about science, governed by her conviction that “there can be no separate literature of science” because “the aim of science is to discover and illuminate truth,” which is also the aim of literature.

It is in such lyrical prose and with an almost spiritual reverence for trees that Haskell illuminates his subject — the masterful, magical way in which nature weaves the warp thread of individual organisms and the weft thread of relationships into the fabric of life.
Maria Popova Brain Pickings: Ursula K. Le Guin on Anger
“Anger continued on past its usefulness becomes unjust, then dangerous… It fuels not positive activism but regression, obsession, vengeance, self-righteousness. Corrosive, it feeds off itself, destroying its host in the process.”
By Gwen Ihnat: Santa goes on a little trip in The Robot Chicken Santa Claus Pot Cookie Freakout Special
By Ev Bishop: Recipe for a Perfect Evening


By Claire Lower: Make Cheesecake for Two In Record Time With Your Instant Pot
By Cara Geertsema: 15 Cast Iron Skillet Bread Recipes So Easy to Make, You’ll Always Have a Loaf on Hand

By Jillian Lucas Kinja Deals: Sunday’s Best Deals: Amazon Devices, Star Wars Games and Toys, Travelpro Luggage, and More

By Shep McAllister: Kinja Deals Amazon Just Launched Its Final Wave of Device Deals, and Some Are Better Than Black Friday


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Crafts & DIY December 10, 2017

By Penolopy Bulnick: Popsicle Stick Toaster Tongs

soapdelinews: Homemade Bacon Soap Recipe for Men
soapdelinews: DIY Lavender Body Butter with Neem Oil
soapdelinews: Easy Homemade Holiday Gifts with Personalized Sticker Labels
soapdelinews: DIY Christmas Gifts: 50 Unique DIY Christmas Gifts You Can Make for Friends and Family
By Abbey D: DIY Grout Cleaner
By Hometalk HIts: 30 Essential Hacks For Cleaning Around Your Home
soapdelinews: Vinegar Free All Purpose Cleaner That Works Like Magic
By Maura: Needle Felted Essential Oil Diffuser Ornament
By Dan Le Lakehouse: Cheater Laundry Room Makeover
By Hometalk Hits: 22 Ways You Never Thought of Using Baking Soda in Your Home
By Shawna Bailey: 4 Surprising Uses for Hydrogen Peroxide
By Barn Tree Place: Epsom Salt Craft Projects
By Tracey Lee: Cute Christmas Birds…❥

FYI December 09, 2017

1948 – The Genocide Convention is adopted.
The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948 as General Assembly Resolution 260. The Convention entered into force on 12 January 1951.[1] It defines genocide in legal terms, and is the culmination of years of campaigning by lawyer Raphael Lemkin.[2] All participating countries are advised to prevent and punish actions of genocide in war and in peacetime. The number of states that have ratified the convention is currently 147.

Definition of genocide
Article 2 of the Convention defines genocide as

…any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
— Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Article 2[3]

Article 3 defines the crimes that can be punished under the convention:

(a) Genocide;
(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
(d) Attempt to commit genocide;
(e) Complicity in genocide.
— Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Article 3[3]

The convention was passed to outlaw actions similar to the Holocaust by Nazi Germany during World War II. The first draft of the Convention included political killings, but the USSR[4] along with some other nations would not accept that actions against groups identified as holding similar political opinions or social status would constitute genocide,[5] so these stipulations were subsequently removed in a political and diplomatic compromise.

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1779 – Tabitha Babbitt, American tool maker and inventor (d. ca. 1853)
Sarah “Tabitha” Babbitt (December 9, 1779 – December 10, 1853) was an early American Shaker tool maker and inventor, including inventions for the circular saw, spinning wheel head, and false teeth. It is contested whether she, or other Shakers, were the first to invent the circular saw. She was a member of the Harvard Shaker community.

Early life
Babbitt was born in Hardwick, Massachusetts, the daughter of Seth and Elizabeth Babbitt[1] On August 12, 1793,[1] she became a member of the Shakers at the Harvard Shaker community in Massachusetts.[2]

Toolmaker and inventor
Babbitt, having realized a round blade would be more efficient, is credited with inventing the first circular saw used in a saw mill in 1813. The circular saw was hooked up to a water powered machine to reduce the effort to cut lumber.[3][4] She was watching men use the difficult two-man whipsaw when she noticed that half of their motion was wasted.[1] The first circular saw she made is in Albany, New York.[5] She did not patent the circular saw so that it could be used by others, but it was patented in the United States by two French men three years later when they found out about the saw in Shaker papers.[4]

M. Stephen Miller contends that Babbitt was not the first inventor of the circular saw, based upon the date that she joined the sect. He states that the circular saw was invented at Mount Lebanon Shaker Village by Amos Bishop or Benjamin Bruce in 1793[1] —or not by a Shaker at all.[6]

It is also claimed that she invented a process for the manufacture of false teeth and an improved spinning wheel head.[7]

She also shares the invention of cut nails with Eli Whitney.[dubious – discuss][5] As a Shaker, Babbitt never patented any of her inventions.

She died in Harvard, Massachusetts, in 1853.[8]


Best of 2017 – App Store
By Matt Zapotosky: Prominent appeals court Judge Alex Kozinski accused of sexual misconduct
Join your Blog Bash Chat host, Suzie and other members of the committee every Sunday on Twitter – don’t forget to use the hashtag! #BlogBashChat
Phil Are Go: Mimeograph – Heeyyyyyy, huffin’ copies!
By Josh Jones: How Josephine Baker Went From Homeless Street Performer to International Superstar, French Resistance Fighter & Civil Rights Hero
By Colin Marshall: The “True Size” Maps Shows You the Real Size of Every Country (and Will Change Your Mental Picture of the World)
By Alex Hevesy: Show Us Your Holiday Travel Cars
By Brian Kahn: Scientists Thought an Alaskan Weather Station Was Broken, But It Was Just Climate Change

By Delilah Friedler: A Native Activist on a Simple Way to Combat Land Grabs Like Bears Ears
“I am an angry Native,” she told me, “but I channel my rage and sadness and hurt into walking forward in a good way, into more forgiveness and accountability.”
Kanyon Coyote Woman/Sayers-Roods

Southern Italy
By Sara Manisera: How hemp saved a steeltown
Vector’s World: Team Work
Vector’s World: What traffic jam?
By Erica Offutt: Kinja Saturday’s Best Deals: Philips Hue Lights, Contigo Travel Mugs, Cooking Essentials, and More


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FYI December 08, 2017

1854 – In his Apostolic constitution Ineffabilis Deus, Pope Pius IX proclaims the dogmatic definition of Immaculate Conception, which holds that the Blessed Virgin Mary was conceived free of Original Sin.

Ineffabilis Deus (Latin for “Ineffable God”) is an Apostolic constitution by Pope Pius IX.[1] It defines the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The decree was promulgated on December 8, 1854, the date of the annual Feast of the Immaculate Conception.[2] Mary’s immaculate conception is one of only two pronouncements that were made ex cathedra (the other in Munificentissimus Deus regarding the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin) and is therefore considered by the Catholic Church to be infallible through the extraordinary magisterium.[3]

Pius takes note that Early Church Fathers, such as Irenaeus, compared Eve and Mary.

Hence, to demonstrate the original innocence and sanctity of the Mother of God, not only did they frequently compare her to Eve while yet a virgin, while yet innocence, while yet incorrupt, while not yet deceived by the deadly snares of the most treacherous serpent; but they have also exalted her above Eve with a wonderful variety of expressions.[1]

The decree surveys the history of the belief in Christian tradition, citing its roots in the long-standing feast of the Conception of Mary as a date of significance in the Eastern and Western churches. It also cites the approval of Catholic bishops worldwide who were asked in 1849 to offer their opinion on the matter.[4]

The dogmatic statement is expressed near the end of the document:

We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful.[5]

“Mary’s privilege … was the result of God’s grace and not of any intrinsic merit on her part”,[6] which is reflected in the decree. In this Pius followed the reasoning of John Duns Scotus.[7] “The Perfect Redeemer, must in some case, have done the work of redemption most perfectly, which would not be, unless there is some person, at least, in whose regard, the wrath of God was anticipated and not merely appeased.”[8] The 1964 Dogmatic Constitution, Lumen gentium noted the view prevalent “…among the Fathers whereby they called the mother of God entirely holy and free from all stain of sin, as though fashioned by the Holy Spirit and formed as a new creature.”[9]


1860 – Amanda McKittrick Ros, Irish author and poet (d. 1939)
Anna Margaret Ross (née McKittrick; 8 December 1860 – 2 February 1939), known by her pen-name Amanda McKittrick Ros, was an Irish writer.[1] She published her first novel Irene Iddesleigh at her own expense in 1897. She wrote poetry and a number of novels. Her works were not read widely, and her eccentric, over-written, “purple” circumlocutory writing is alleged by some critics to be some of the worst prose and poetry ever written.

McKittrick was born in Drumaness, County Down, on 8 December 1860, the fourth child of Eliza Black and Edward Amlave McKittrick, Principal of Drumaness High School.[2] She was christened Anna Margaret at Third Ballynahinch Presbyterian Church on 27 January 1861. In the 1880s she attended Marlborough Teacher Training College in Dublin, was appointed Monitor at Millbrook National School, Larne, County Antrim, finished her training at Marlborough and then became a qualified teacher at the same school.[1]

During her first visit to Larne she met Andrew Ross, a widower of 35, who was station master there. She married him at Joymount Presbyterian Church, Carrickfergus, County Antrim, on 30 August 1887.

Her husband financed the publication of Irene Iddesleigh as a gift to Ros on their tenth wedding anniversary, thus launching her literary career.[3] She went on to write three novels and dozens of poems. In 1917 Andrew Ross died, and in 1922 Ros married Thomas Rodgers (1857/58–1933), a County Down farmer.[1]

Ros died at the Royal Victoria Hospital in Belfast on 2 February 1939,[1] under the name “Hannah Margaret Rodgers”.[2]

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By Daniel Funke: In Ireland, lawmakers are trying to criminalize sharing fake news
He still has a cell phone, just not an iPhone~
By Mark Wilson: Life Without The iPhone Is Pretty Damn Great

By Anne Quito: Ivan Chermayeff, the graphic designer who defined the look of corporate America, has died

Ivan Chermayeff (b. 1932) is an artist and designer who contributed to Sesame Street Magazine in the 1970s, including cover for the June 1973 edition. He didn’t typically draw Muppet characters, but instead stylized pieces focusing on heavy paint streak and color. One of his pieces (a two-page spread of 13 eggs) was reprinted in The Sesame Street Library volume 13.‎

Ivan Chermayeff
The Life of a Conflicted Teacher: Friday Thoughts – Damn Kids Anyway
By Scott Myers: Writing and the Creative Life: 4 Tips On Creativity From The Creator Of Calvin & Hobbes
By Messynessy: Banner Ladies: The Human Billboards of Yesteryear
By Messynessy: The National Christmas Museum is For Sale

By Luke Spencer: The Mysterious Murder of the Beautiful Cigar Girl

Just A Car Guy: 23 yr old motorcyclist leads cops on a chase, they don’t like that. The sheriff shoots him in the head with a 12 gauge. All 7 dash cams are erased to destroy evidence of attempted murder

According to the Free Thought Project article, yesterday was his day in court.
By Aimée Lutkin: The Priest Who Murdered Irene Garza in 1960 Has Finally Been Convicted of Murder
According to The Washington Post, the case’s outcome has been in doubt, and for good reason. The Catholic church and local authorities appear to have worked hard to cover up Feit’s crime, despite initial evidence that he killed Garza after hearing her confession in his parish house. This included a confession to another priest in 1963, the only living witness against him at his recent trial.

By Stef Schrader: Florida Man Gets Arrested After Pointing A Laser Pointer At A Police Helicopter
By Alanis King: I Told My Mom I Want To Buy Her Miata And Now She’s Like A Living Craigslist Ad
By Stef Schrader: Why Car People Love Snow

By Maddie Stone: Searching for Puerto Rico’s Endangered Parrots After Hurricane Maria

I tried the Airtight Cold Brew Iced Coffee Maker and Tea Infuser with Spout – 1.0L / 34oz Ovalware RJ3 Brewing Glass Carafe with Removable Stainless Steel Filter and do not recommend it. The glass is very light, makes one think it will shatter. Both filter and pitcher are a pain to clean. You need to use brush, long handled sponge as your hand won’t fit in the pitcher or the filter. Plus for the amount of time spent, you do not get much coffee concentrate. So I’m back to using my Toddy. The Toddy’s plastic does stain and is breaking down. Will let you know what I decide to do next.~
By Shep McAllister: I Just Got OXO’s Cold Brew Coffee Maker, and So Should You

By Erica Offutt: Kinja Deals Friday’s Best Deals: Winter Gear, Philips Hue Starter Kit, Pelican Coolers, and More


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FYI December 07, 2017

1703 – The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, makes landfall. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people die.
The Great Storm of 1703 was a destructive extratropical cyclone that struck central and southern England on 26 November 1703 (7 December 1703 in the Gregorian calendar in use today). High winds caused 2,000 chimney stacks to collapse in London and damaged the New Forest, which lost 4,000 oaks. Ships were blown hundreds of miles off-course, and over 1,000 seamen died on the Goodwin Sands alone. News bulletins of casualties and damage were sold all over England – a novelty at that time. The Church of England declared that the storm was God’s vengeance for the sins of the nation. Daniel Defoe thought it was a divine punishment for poor performance against Catholic armies in the War of the Spanish Succession[citation needed].

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1941 – World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Imperial Japanese Navy carries out a surprise attack on the United States Pacific Fleet and its defending Army and Marine air forces at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. (For Japan’s near-simultaneous attacks on Eastern Hemisphere targets, see December 8.)

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1915 – Leigh Brackett, American author and screenwriter (d. 1978)
Leigh Douglass Brackett (December 7, 1915 – March 18, 1978) was an American writer, particularly of science fiction, and has been referred to as the Queen of Space Opera.[1] She was also a screenwriter, known for her work on such films as The Big Sleep (1946), Rio Bravo (1959), The Long Goodbye (1973) and The Empire Strikes Back (1980). She was the first woman shortlisted for the Hugo Award.

Skipped to:

Shortly after Brackett broke into science fiction writing, she wrote her first screenplays. Hollywood director Howard Hawks was so impressed by her novel No Good from a Corpse that he had his secretary call in “this guy Brackett” to help William Faulkner write the script for The Big Sleep (1946).[5] The film was written by Brackett, William Faulkner and Jules Furthman, and starred Humphrey Bogart. It is considered one of the best movies ever made in the genre.

After getting married, Brackett took a long break from screenwriting. When she returned to screenwriting in the mid-1950s, she wrote for TV and movies. Howard Hawks hired her to write or co-write several John Wayne pictures, including Rio Bravo (1959), Hatari! (1962), El Dorado (1966), and Rio Lobo (1970). Because of her background with The Big Sleep, Robert Altman hired her to adapt Raymond Chandler’s novel The Long Goodbye for the screen, with his own emphasis on reworking the private investigator (PI) genre.

The Empire Strikes Back

Brackett worked on the screenplay for The Empire Strikes Back, the first Star Wars sequel. The film won the Hugo Award in 1981. This script was a departure for Brackett, as until then, all of her science fiction had been in the form of novels and short stories. Brackett’s role in writing the script is disputed. George Lucas said that he asked Brackett to write the screenplay based on his story outline. Brackett wrote a finished first draft, which was delivered to Lucas shortly before her death from cancer on March 18, 1978. Two drafts of a new screenplay were written by Lucas and, following the delivery of the screenplay for Raiders of the Lost Ark, turned over to Lawrence Kasdan for a new approach. Both Brackett and Kasdan (though not Lucas) were given credit for the final script.

Laurent Bouzereau, in Star Wars: The Annotated Screenplays, said that Lucas disliked the direction of Brackett’s screenplay, discarded it, and produced two more screenplays before turning the results over to Kasdan.[6] Some fans, however, believe that they can detect traces of Brackett’s influence in the dialogue and the treatment of the space opera genre in Empire.[7] io9’s co-founder Charlie Jane Anders has written that while “It’s fashionable to disparage Brackett’s contributions to Empire”, “it’s not true that none of Brackett’s storyline winds up in the final movie — the basic story beats are the same.”[8]

Similarly John Saavedra of Den of Geek website says:

Most importantly, you see that Brackett’s draft, while definitely in need of a rewrite and several tweaks, holds all of the big moments we’d eventually see on screen. We still get a version of the Battle of Hoth (a much more ridiculous one), the wise words of an old Jedi Master, the excitement of zooming through a deadly asteroid field, a love triangle (a MUCH more overt one), a majestic city in the clouds, unexpected betrayals, and the climactic duel between Luke Skywalker and Darth Vader that we would reenact on playgrounds for years to come.


Brackett’s screenplay has never been officially or legally published. According to Stephen Haffner, it can be read at the Jack Williamson Special Collections library at Eastern New Mexico University in Portales, New Mexico (but may not be copied or checked out) and the archives at Lucasfilm in California. It is available on the internet as a PDF file.[10][original research?]

More on wiki:

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FYI December 06, 2017

1928 – The government of Colombia sends military forces to suppress a month-long strike by United Fruit Company workers, resulting in an unknown number of deaths.
The United Fruit Company was an American corporation that traded in tropical fruit (primarily bananas), grown on Central and South American plantations, and sold in the United States and Europe. The company was formed in 1899, from the merger of Minor C. Keith’s banana-trading concerns with Andrew W. Preston’s Boston Fruit Company. It flourished in the early and mid-20th century, and it came to control vast territories and transportation networks in Central America, the Caribbean coast of Colombia, Ecuador, and the West Indies. Though it competed with the Standard Fruit Company (later Dole Food Company) for dominance in the international banana trade, it maintained a virtual monopoly in certain regions, some of which came to be called banana republics, such as Costa Rica, Honduras, and Guatemala.[1]

United Fruit had a deep and long-lasting impact on the economic and political development of several Latin American countries. Critics often accused it of exploitative neocolonialism, and described it as the archetypal example of the influence of a multinational corporation on the internal politics of the banana republics. After a period of financial decline, United Fruit was merged with Eli M. Black’s AMK in 1970, to become the United Brands Company. In 1984, Carl Lindner, Jr. transformed United Brands into the present-day Chiquita Brands International.

More on wiki:

Banana massacreMain article: Banana massacre
One of the most notorious strikes by United Fruit workers broke out on 12 November 1928 on the Caribbean coast of Colombia, near Santa Marta. On December 6, Colombian Army troops allegedly under the command of General Cortés Vargas, opened fire on a crowd of strikers gathered in the central square of the town of Ciénaga. Estimates of the number of casualties vary from 47 to 3000.[clarification needed] The military justified this action by claiming that the strike was subversive and its organizers were Communist revolutionaries. Congressman Jorge Eliécer Gaitán claimed that the army had acted under instructions from the United Fruit Company. The ensuing scandal contributed to President Miguel Abadía Méndez’s Conservative Party being voted out of office in 1930, putting an end to 44 years of Conservative rule in Colombia. The first novel of Álvaro Cepeda Samudio, La Casa Grande, focuses on this event, and the author himself grew up in close proximity to the incident. The climax of García Márquez’s novel One Hundred Years of Solitude is based on the events in Ciénaga.

General Cortés Vargas, who issued the order to shoot, argued later that he had issued the order because he had information that US boats were poised to land troops on Colombian coasts to defend American personnel and the interests of the United Fruit Company. Vargas issued the order so the United States would not invade Colombia. This position was strongly criticized in the Senate, especially by Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, who argued that those same bullets should have been used to stop the foreign invader.[citation needed]

The telegram from Bogotá Embassy to the U.S. Secretary of State, dated December 5, 1928, stated: “I have been following Santa Marta fruit strike through United Fruit Company representative here; also through Minister of Foreign Affairs who on Saturday told me government would send additional troops and would arrest all strike leaders and transport them to prison at Cartagena; that government would give adequate protection to American interests involved.”[31]

The telegram from Bogotá Embassy to Secretary of State, date December 7, 1928, stated: “Situation outside Santa Marta City unquestionably very serious: outside zone is in revolt; military who have orders ‘not to spare ammunition’ have already killed and wounded about fifty strikers. Government now talks of general offensive against strikers as soon as all troopships now on the way arrive early next week.”[32]

The Dispatch from U.S. Bogotá Embassy to the U.S. Secretary of State, dated December 29, 1928, stated: “I have the honor to report that the legal advisor of the United Fruit Company here in Bogotá stated yesterday that the total number of strikers killed by the Colombian military authorities during the recent disturbance reached between five and six hundred; while the number of soldiers killed was one.”[33]

The Dispatch from U.S. Bogotá Embassy to the U.S. Secretary of State, dated January 16, 1929, stated: “I have the honor to report that the Bogotá representative of the United Fruit Company told me yesterday that the total number of strikers killed by the Colombian military exceeded one thousand.”[34]

The Banana massacre is said to be one of the main events that preceded the Bogotazo, the subsequent era of violence known as La Violencia, and the guerrillas who developed in the bipartisan National Front period, creating the ongoing armed conflict in Colombia.[citation needed]

More on wiki:


1520 – Barbara Radziwiłł, queen of Poland (d. 1551)
Barbara Radziwiłł (Polish: Barbara Radziwiłłówna, Lithuanian: Barbora Radvilaitė; 6 December 1520/23 – 8 May 1551) was Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania as consort of Sigismund II Augustus, the last male monarch of the Jagiellon dynasty. Barbara, a great beauty and already widowed, became a royal mistress most likely in 1543 and they married in secret in July or August 1547. The marriage caused a scandal; it was vehemently opposed by Polish nobles, including Queen mother Bona Sforza. Sigismund Augustus, assisted by Barbara’s cousin Mikołaj “the Black” Radziwiłł and brother Mikołaj “the Red” Radziwiłł, worked tirelessly to gain recognition of their marriage and to crown Barbara as Queen of Poland. They succeeded and Barbara’s coronation was held on 7 December 1550 at Wawel Cathedral. However, her health was already failing and she died just five months later. Even though it was brief, her reign propelled the Radziwiłł family to new heights of political power and influence.[1]

Her contemporaries generally viewed Barbara in a negative light, accusing her of promiscuity and witchcraft. Her life became surrounded by many rumors and myths. She was a heroine of many legends in a wide range of literary works. From the 18th century, the life of Barbara became romanticized as the great tragic love affair. It has been used as an example of “love conquers all” with Bona Sforza often acting as the chief villain.[2] It caught public imagination and has inspired many artists to create poems, plays, films, and other works. That made Barbara Radziwiłł one of the best known and most recognized women in the history of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Kingdom of Poland.

More on wiki:


Good news!
By Justin T. Westbrook: Homeless Veteran Gets His Dream Truck And A New Home After Gifting Stranded Motorist Gas Money

Paying it Forward

McClure was unable to repay him at the time, instead deciding to set up a GoFundMe campaign for Bobbitt Jr. with the target goal of $10,000 to put toward an apartment. The campaign went viral and raised nearly $389,000 in 25 days, instead. The money will now go into two trust funds, one that will deposit money to a bank account every month for Johnny to use, and another that serves as a retirement account.

Bobbitt Jr. has purchased a house, a computer and a truck, and wants to donate to people and groups that have helped him in the past, according to updates to the GoFundMe page.

The GoFundMe features plenty of photos from Johnny’s past life, as well as his new one if you’d like to check it out and feel a little better about the world.

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There are, however, significant differences in response rate for Wi-Fi sessions by state. For the FY15 data year, 100% response rates were achieved by ten states: Alaska, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Texas, and West Virginia.
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Wouldn’t this make a cool camper?
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This Day in Aviation History December 6th, 1957 First flight of the Lockheed L-188 Electra.

First flight of the Lockheed L-188 Electra.

This Day in Aviation History
December 6th, 1957
First flight of the Lockheed L-188 Electra.

The Lockheed L-188 Electra is an American turboprop airliner built by Lockheed. First flown in 1957, it was the first large turboprop airliner built in the United States. Initial sales were good, but after two fatal crashes that led to expensive modifications to fix a design defect, no more were ordered. However, with its unique high power-to-weight ratio, huge propellers and very short wings (resulting in the majority of the wingspan being enveloped in propwash), large Fowler flaps which significantly increased effective wing area when extended, and four-engined design, the airplane had airfield performance capabilities unmatched by many jet transport aircraft even today—particularly on short runways and high field elevations. Turboprops were soon replaced by turbojets and many Electras were modified as freighters. Some Electras are still being used in various roles into the 21st century. The airframe was also used as the basis for the Lockheed P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft….

Wikipedia, Lockheed L-188 Electra:

YouTube, Lockheed L-188A Electra Promo Film #3 – 1960:

Photo from:
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#avgeek #Lockheed #L188 #Electra #airliner #USA #aviation #history #fb

FYI December 05, 2017

63 BC – Cicero gives the fourth and final of the Catiline Orations.
The Catiline or Catilinarian Orations is a set of speeches to the Roman Senate given in 63 BC by Marcus Tullius Cicero, one of the year’s consuls, accusing Lucius Sergius Catilina (Catiline) of leading a plot to overthrow the Roman government. Some modern historians, and ancient sources such as Sallust, suggest that Catiline was a more complex and sympathetic character than Cicero’s writings declare, and that Cicero, a career politician, was heavily influenced by a desire to establish decisively a lasting reputation as a great Roman patriot and statesman.[1] Most accounts of the events come from Cicero himself. This is one of the best, if not the very best, documented events surviving from the ancient world, and has set the stage for classic political struggles pitting state security against civil liberties.[2]

More on wiki:


1886 – Rose Wilder Lane, American journalist and author (d. 1968)
Rose Wilder Lane (December 5, 1886 – October 30, 1968) was an American journalist, travel writer, novelist, political theorist, and daughter of American writer Laura Ingalls Wilder. Along with Ayn Rand and Isabel Paterson, Lane is noted as one of the founders of the American libertarian movement.[1]

Early life
Rose was the first child of Laura Ingalls Wilder and Almanzo Wilder, and the only child of her parents to survive into adulthood. Her early years were a difficult time for her parents because of successive crop failures, illnesses, and chronic economic hardships. During her childhood, the family moved several times, living with relatives in Minnesota and then Florida, and briefly returning to De Smet, South Dakota, before settling in Mansfield, Missouri, in 1894. There, her parents would eventually establish a dairy farm and fruit orchards. Rose attended secondary school in Mansfield and Crowley, Louisiana, while living with her aunt Eliza Jane Wilder, graduating in 1904 in a class of seven.[2] Her intellect and ambition were demonstrated by her ability to compress three years of Latin into one, and by graduating at the top of her high school class in Crowley. Despite her academic success, Rose was unable to attend college as a result of her parents’ financial situation.[3][4]

More on wiki:


By Jessica Bruder: Living in cars, working for Amazon: meet America’s new nomads
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By Katie Higgins: Walsh College of Troy launches automotive cybersecurity course program
The bachelor of science in Information Technology with a concentration in Automotive Cybersecurity program will officially launch in winter 2018.
For more information, visit
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Another handy tool is from you can install their browser addon and then look at the price history of any item Amazon sells. You can also set it up to notify you of price drops. I’ve gotten some pretty good deals because of it.

The Chocolate Chip and Cardamom Cookie~
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FYI December 04, 2017

1991 – Pan American World Airways ceases its operations after 64 years.
Pan American World Airways, known from its founding until 1950 as Pan American Airways[1] and commonly known as Pan Am, was the principal and largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until its collapse on December 4, 1991. Founded in 1927 as a scheduled air mail and passenger service operating between Key West, Florida, and Havana, Cuba, the airline became a major company credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry, including the widespread use of jet aircraft, jumbo jets, and computerized reservation systems.[2] It was also a founding member of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the global airline industry association.[3] Identified by its blue globe logo (“The Blue Meatball”),[4] the use of the word “Clipper” in its aircraft names and call signs, and the white uniform caps of its pilots, the airline was a cultural icon of the 20th century. In an era dominated by flag carriers that were wholly or majority government-owned, it was also the unofficial overseas flag carrier of the United States. During most of the jet era, Pan Am’s flagship terminal was the Worldport located at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City.[2]

More on wiki:


1882 – Constance Davey, Australian psychologist (d. 1963)
Constance Muriel Davey OBE (4 December 1882 – 4 December 1963) was an Australian psychologist who worked in the South Australian Department of Education, where she introduced the state’s first special education classes.

Davey was born in 1882 in Nuriootpa, South Australia, to Emily Mary (née Roberts) and Stephen Henry Davey. She began teaching at a Port Adelaide private school in 1908 and at St Peter’s Collegiate Girls’ School in 1909. She attended the University of Adelaide as a part-time student, completing a B.A. in philosophy in 1915 and an M.A. in 1918. In 1921 she won a Catherine Helen Spence Memorial Scholarship which allowed her to undertake a doctorate at the University of London; her main area of research was “mental efficiency and deficiency” in children. She received her doctorate in 1924 and visited the United States and Canada to observe the teaching of intellectually disabled and delinquent children before returning to Australia.[1]

In November 1924 Davey was hired as the first psychologist in the South Australian Department of Education, where she was tasked with examining and organising classes for “backward, retarded and problem” school students.[1] She examined performed intelligence tests on all educationally delayed children,[2] and established South Australia’s first “opportunity class” for these children in 1925.[3] She set up a course which educated teachers on working with intellectually disabled children in 1931. She began lecturing in psychology at the University of Adelaide in 1927, continuing until 1950, and in 1938 she helped to set up a new university course for training social workers. She resigned from the Department of Education in 1942, by which point there were 700 children in the opportunity classes she had introduced.[2]

Davey was a member of the Women’s Non-Party Political Association for 30 years and served as the organisation’s president from 1943 to 1947.[2] She became a fellow of the British Psychological Society in 1950 and was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1955. In 1956 she published Children and Their Law-makers, a historical study of South Australian law as it pertained to children, which she had begun in 1945 as a senior research fellow at the University of Adelaide.[3] Davey died of thyroid cancer on her 81st birthday in 1963.[2]


By Chris Spalton: Pens, Process, Product — Sketching for UX

Information is Beautiful Awards 2017: “Visualisation without story is nothing”

Jefferson Graham Photography
Enjoy viewing, and let me know what you think everyone!

A huge thanks to Sean Rogan from for the layout assist. And all the way from North Carolina too!
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But many IoT devices are built with convenience in mind and “security is often not a consideration at all, let alone a primary one,” McArdle said.

He added that it’s possible the marketplace will again force suppliers to make cybersecurity a priority, but pointed out that consumers of IoT devices tend to care more about price than privacy protection when making purchasing decisions.
Abuse know’s no gender preference. The type of abuse may differ but the abuse of power is always there.
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And remember,

“Creating something out of nothing is exciting. Filling the empty page with words, sacred words, is inviting.” ~Rachel Ballon, Ph.D.

Now get out there and write!

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For those of us who now have CS&N running through their heads~


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Has anyone ever used one of these?

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