Category: FYI


FYI October 26, 2017

1861 – The Pony Express officially ceases operations.
The Pony Express was a mail service delivering messages, newspapers, and mail.

Officially operating as the Leavenworth and Pike’s Peak Express Company of 1859, in 1860 it became the Central Overland California and Pikes Peak Express Company; this firm was founded by William H. Russell, Alexander Majors, and William B. Waddell, all of whom were notable in the freighting business.[1]

During its 19 months of operation, it reduced the time for messages to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts to about 10 days.[2] From April 3, 1860 to October 1861, it became the West’s most direct means of east–west communication before the telegraph was established and was vital for tying the new state of California with the rest of the United States.

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1874 – Martin Lowry, English chemist and academic (d. 1936)
Thomas Martin Lowry CBE FRS[1] (/ˈlaʊri/; 26 October 1874 – 2 November 1936) was an English physical chemist who developed the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory simultaneously with and independently of Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and was a founder-member and president (1928–1930) of the Faraday Society.[2]

Lowry was born in Low Moor, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, in a Cornish family. He was the second son of the Reverend E. P. Lowry. He was educated at Kingswood School, Bath, Somerset, and then at the Central Technical College in South Kensington. During those years he realized that he wanted to be a chemist. He studied chemistry under Henry Edward Armstrong, an English chemist whose interests were primarily in organic chemistry but also included the nature of ions in aqueous solutions. From 1896 to 1913 Lowry was assistant to Armstrong, and between 1904 and 1913 worked as lecturer in Chemistry at the Westminster Training College. In 1913, he was appointed head of the chemical department in Guy’s Hospital Medical and became the first teacher of chemistry in a Medical School to be made a University Professor, at the University of London. From 1920 till his death, Lowry served as the Chair of Physical Chemistry at the University of Cambridge. He married a daughter of the Rev. C. Wood in 1904 and was survived by his widow, two sons and a daughter.[2]

Since the establishment of the Faraday Society in 1903, Lowry had been its active member and served as its President between 1928 and 1930. In 1914 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[1] During and after the World War I, Lowry acted as Director of Shell-filling (1917–1919) and worked for the Trench Warfare Committee, Chemical Warfare Committee and Ordnance Committee. For this service, he was awarded the Order of the British Empire and the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus.[2]

In 1898, Lowry noted the change in optical rotation on nitro-d-camphor with time and invented the term mutarotational to describe this phenomenon. He studied changes in optical rotation caused by acid- and base-catalyzed reactions of camphor derivatives. This led in 1923 to his formulation of the protonic definition of acids and bases, now known as Brønsted–Lowry acid-base theory, independently of the work by Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted.[3][4] Lowry published a few hundred papers and several books. His 1935 monograph on “Optical Rotatory Power” (1935) has long been regarded as a standard work on the subject.[2]


By Eric Grundhauser: Eugene Shoemaker Is Still the Only Man Buried on the Moon

Coffee Pot Art Studio Gallery Lexington, VA
Photo by nonstopaz

By nonstopaz: The Coffee Pot
By Anna Jasinki: Don’t Fall Into This Trap: The 7 Deadly Sins of Blog Writing
By Heather Chapman: Family that brought us OxyContin, and arguably the opioid epidemic, is profiled in 2 magazines
As President Trump prepared to declare a limited public-health emergency in response to the deadly opioid epidemic, Esquire magazine and The New Yorker published fascinating articles on the secretive family that made a fortune selling OxyContin and arguably spurred the epidemic: the Sacklers of New York.

By Heather Chapman: Trump OKs drone experimentation plan; could make use and deliveries easier in rural areas
“The pilot program aims to speed up the integration of unmanned aerial vehicles into the national airspace system and test drone detection and tracking while waiving some limits on their use.” That could benefit rural areas, and make use of them in agriculture more practical. Drones also could be used to deliver life-saving medications to remote areas, and retail giants like Amazon could deliver packages for less. UPS and FedEx charge extra fees to deliver packages to some rural areas.
By JR Raphael: 12 Incredibly Useful Things You Didn’t Know Google Maps Could Do
By Ruth Reader: A Year Ago This Guy Was A Janitor. Now He’s Coding For A Hot Startup
Tim Peake webchat: your questions answered on travel adaptors, running a marathon and hiccuping – in space
By Gary Price: California Digital Library Releases Major Redesign of eScholarship Publishing and Repository Platform
By Kristina Wright: 17 New Books to Read If You Love Debbie Macomber
Oxford Dictionary: 20 words from the 1920s
By VERONIQUE GREENWOOD: How Beets Became Beet-Red
What beets have in common with morphine
The amino acid tyrosine is used by plants for numerous purposes, whether in beets to make the pigments that create the distinctive red color or in opium poppies to make morphine. The level of tyrosine is unusually high in beets, which could help scientists in creating forms of morphine or with applications for other plants.
By Dan Colman: Albert Einstein’s Elegant Theory of Happiness: It Just Sold for $1.6 Million at Auction, But You Can Use It for FreeBy Ted Mills: Every Academy Award Winner for Best Cinematography in One Supercut: From 1927’s Sunrise to 2016’s Moonlight

By Swansong: 100+ Creepy-Clever Halloween Projects
By Tye Rannosaurus: Cider Spiced Poison Apple Cupcakes

By cdstudioNH: Solarium She Shed & Dancing Deck
By BillW96: Solar Hothouse





Great Gear: MyCharge AdventureUltra a great choice – AK on the GO

MyCharge, known for quality products that enhance our outdoor experiences, has a new product called the AdventureUltra that will charge up your next trip.

Source: Great Gear: MyCharge AdventureUltra a great choice – AK on the GO

FYI October 25, 2017

1940 – Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. is named the first African American general in the United States Army.
Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr. (1880 – November 26, 1970) was a United States Army officer. He was the first African-American to rise to the rank of general in the U.S. military. He was the father of Air Force General Benjamin O. Davis Jr.

Early life and education
Davis was born in Washington, D.C., the third child of Louis P. H. Davis and Henrietta (née Stewart) Davis. Biographer Marvin Fletcher has presented evidence that Davis was born in May 1880, citing a June 1880 census document.[1][2] Fletcher concludes that Davis lied about his age so that he could enlist in the army without the permission of his parents. The birth date that appears on Davis’s gravestone at Arlington National Cemetery is July 1, 1877, the date he provided to the army.

Davis attended M Street High School in Washington, where he participated in the school’s cadet program. During his senior year of high school he took some classes at Howard University. His father, a messenger for the Interior Department, and his mother, a nurse, urged him to enroll in college after high school. Against his parents’ wishes he determined to take a military career.[3]

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1875 – Carolyn Sherwin Bailey, American author and educator (d. 1961)
Carolyn Sherwin Bailey (October 25, 1875 – December 23, 1961) was an American children’s author. She was born in Hoosick Falls, New York and attended Teachers College, Columbia University, from which she graduated in 1896.[1] She contributed to the Ladies’ Home Journal and other magazines. She published volumes of stories for children like methods of story telling, teaching children and other related subjects, which include Boys and Girls of Colonial Days (1917); Broad Stripes and Bright Stars (1919); Hero Stories (1919); and The Little Rabbit Who Wanted Red Wings (1945). She wrote For the Children’s Hour (1906) in collaboration with Clara M. Lewis.[2] In 1947, her book Miss Hickory won the Newbery Medal.[3]


By Duane Byrge, Mike Barnes: Robert Guillaume, ‘Benson’ Emmy Winner, Dies at 89

Robert Guillaume (born Robert Peter Williams; November 30, 1927 – October 24, 2017) was an American actor, known for his role as Isaac Jaffe on Sports Night and as Benson on the TV series Soap and the spin-off Benson,[1] as well as for voicing the mandrill Rafiki in The Lion King.[2] In a career that spanned more than 50 years he worked extensively on stage, television and film. For his efforts he was nominated for a Tony Award for his portrayal of Nathan Detroit in Guys and Dolls, and twice won an Emmy Award for his portrayal of the character Benson DuBois, once in 1979 on Soap and in 1985 on Benson. He also won a Grammy Award in 1995 for his spoken word performance of an audiobook version of The Lion King.

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By David Tracy: Here Are All The Cars Reported To Have Exploding Sunroof Problems

Hyundai Santa Fe, 37
Nissan Murano, 19
BMW 3 Series, 13
Kia Sorento, 10
Mazda3, 9
Toyota RAV4, 9
Nissan Rogue, 9
Ford Focus, 8
Ford Edge, 6
Hyundai Elantra, 6


By Keith A. Spencer: Your Guide for When to Use Despised Fonts — Part II
By Adam Johnson: NYT Laments ‘Forever Wars’ Its Editorials Helped Create
By Neal Wyatt: 3 Titles Taking Off and Joan Didion on Netflix | Book Pulse
Bob Mayer: Special Forces Discovery Channel special
By Colin Marshall: The Raven: a Pop-up Book Brings Edgar Allan Poe’s Classic Supernatural Poem to 3D Paper Life

By Colin Marshall: Samuel L. Jackson Teaches Acting in a New Online Course, Drawing on His Iconic Pulp Fiction Performance & Others

The Rural Blog – Heather Chapman: Mental-health help scarce in Appalachian coalfield
Untreated mental health issues can cause a “vicious cycle” for parents and children. “Those children grow up with the same mental-health issues because they’ve watched the same unhealthy relationships their whole life,” Bailey said. “It’s just a cycle of abuse and trauma.” It can also contribute to other health issues such as chronic pain and substance abuse.

To help general practitioners treat mental health patients, West Virginia University has a program called the Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes, which provides specialists from the college for rural health care providers to consult with. The university recently received a federal grant to provide psychiatric services through video conferences to residents in Wyoming and McDowell counties.

By Aimée Lutkin: Don’t Put Your Keys Between Your Fingers for Self-Defense
By Katie Rife: For Our Consideration 31 Halloween streaming options for a creepy night in

I was searching for bulk peanuts to feed squirrels and found this on Walmart’s website:
About this item
Disclaimer: While we aim to provide accurate product information, it is provided by manufacturers, suppliers and others, and has not been verified by us. See our

Natural unsalted peanuts in shell. Attract a variety of wildlife to your yard. High energy food source. Ideal for squirrels and other outdoor wildlife. Not for human consumption.
Natural unsalted peanuts in shell. Attract a variety of wildlife to your yard. High energy food source. Ideal for squirrels and other outdoor wildlife. Not for human consumption.
Size : 400 Ounces
Features :

Size: 25 Lbs.


California Proposition 65 Warning: WARNING: This product may contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.


By Shep McAllister: Prove To Your Parents That Film Degree Is Worth Something With This $54 Remote Control Dolly
By Erica Offutt: Wednesday’s Best Deals: iPhone X Accessories, DIY Espresso, Black & Decker Tools, and More






FYI October 24, 2017

1957 – The United States Air Force starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.
The Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar (“Dynamic Soarer”) was a United States Air Force (USAF) program to develop a spaceplane that could be used for a variety of military missions, including aerial reconnaissance, bombing, space rescue, satellite maintenance, and as a space interceptor to sabotage enemy satellites.[1] The program ran from October 24, 1957 to December 10, 1963, cost US$660 million ($5.16 billion today[2]), and was cancelled just after spacecraft construction had begun.

Other spacecraft under development at the time, such as Mercury or Vostok, were based on space capsules that returned on ballistic re-entry profiles. Dyna-Soar was more like the much later Space Shuttle. It could not only travel to distant targets at the speed of an intercontinental ballistic missile, it was designed to glide to earth like an aircraft under control of a pilot. It could land at an airfield, rather than simply falling to earth and landing with a parachute. Dyna-Soar could also reach earth orbit, like Mercury or Gemini.[3]

These characteristics made Dyna-Soar a far more advanced concept than other human spaceflight missions of the period. Research into a spaceplane was realized much later, in other reusable spacecraft such as the Space Shuttle,[4][5] which had its first orbital flight in 1981, and, more recently, the Boeing X-40 and X-37B spacecraft.

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1763 – Dorothea von Schlegel, German author and translator (d. 1839)
Dorothea von Schlegel (née Brendel Mendelssohn; October 24, 1764 – August 3, 1839) was a German novelist and translator.

Dorothea von Schlegel was born in 1764 in Berlin.[1] Oldest daughter of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, a leading figure in the German Enlightenment (Aufklärung). In 1783 she married the merchant and banker Simon Veit, brother of the physician David Veit. Their son, Philipp Veit, would later become part of a circle of German Christian painters called “the Nazarenes,” who influenced the English painters in the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. She met the poet and critic Friedrich von Schlegel in the salon of her friend Henriette Herz in July 1797, after which Dorothea divorced Simon on January 11, 1799.

She obtained custody of her younger son, Philipp, and lived with him at the Ziegelstraße, which became a salon frequented by Tieck, Schelling, the Schlegel brothers, and Novalis.

Schlegel’s novel Lucinde (1799) was seen as an account of their affair, causing a scandal in German literary circles. In 1801 her novel Florentin was published anonymously by Schlegel. Dorothea and Friedrich lived in Paris from 1802 until 1804, and after her divorce they married as Protestants. In 1807 she translated Corinne by Madame de Staël from French.

In 1808, Friedrich and Dorothea converted to Catholicism. (She may have adopted the name “Dorothea” from a 17th-century Dorothea von Schlegel who composed Catholic hymns). They continued to visit the salons of Rahel Levin and Henriette Herz, as well as the constellation which surrounded Madame de Staël. Friedrich died in 1829, after which Dorothea moved to Frankfurt am Main. There, she lived with her son Philipp (also a convert to a medieval style of Catholicism) until her death in 1839.

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By Bob Christie Associated Press: Commander of 1st flight of space shuttle Challenger dies
Paul Weitz, a retired NASA astronaut who commanded the first flight of the space shuttle Challenger and also piloted the Skylab in the early 1970s, has died. He was 85.

Paul Joseph Weitz (July 25, 1932 – October 23, 2017) was an American naval officer and aviator, aeronautical engineer, test pilot, and NASA astronaut, who flew into space twice. He was a member of the three-man crew who flew on Skylab 2, the first manned Skylab mission. He was also Commander of the STS-6 mission, the first of the Space Shuttle Challenger flights.

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By Heather Chapman, The Rural Blog: Rural Indiana county ends syringe exchanges, with one official citing moral grounds
By Gary Prie: Open Access: Stephen Hawking’s PhD Thesis Goes Online For First Time
By Gary Price: Swedish University Launches Digital Archive Of Nazi Concentration Camp Survivor Testimonies
By Robyn Pennacchia: Hey, Boomers, Maybe Don’t Brag About How ‘Your Generation’ Thought Of Sexual Assault? Read more at
By Alison Fox and Shaye Weaver: Puerto Rico rescue dogs are up for adoption at Manhattan’s Animal Haven
The dogs were flown to New Jersey by the Sato Project with the help of the John and Wendy Neu Family Foundation. Sato Project is an animal rescue group based in Brooklyn that works in Puerto Rico.
By Michael Storey: Alaska gets its own paranormal story: Ghost Wars
Good news!
By Gavin Lesnick: PHOTO: Bruno Mars meets with North Little Rock children, donates $10,000 for shoes, calls officer a ‘super hero’


By Kristina Stanley: Mystery Mondays: Luke Murphy On Writing A Sequel

By Scott Myers: November: Classic ‘20s Movie Month

Let’s make November “20s Movies Month”!

I’m looking for 20 volunteers to write guest posts to go live Monday through Friday in November, each entry featuring a 1920s movie you think screenwriters should know about and hopefully at some point watch. If more people volunteer, then we can expand the series into 30 posts.

By Stephen Guise: You’re More Powerful Than You Think
“If you want to be tougher mentally, it is simple: Be tougher. Don’t meditate on it.” These words of Jocko’s helped one listener— a drug addict— get sober after many failed attempts. The simple logic struck a chord: “Being tougher” was, more than anything, a decision to be tougher. It’s possible to immediately “be tougher,” starting with your next decision.”

~ Tim Ferriss and Jocko Willink in Tools of Titans

British apple boom brings back hundreds of forgotten varieties
Brain Dump: Random Thoughts with Dani!
TORONTO, Sept. 26, 2017 — Medically retired Marine Corps Lance Cpl. Sarah Rudder broke another personal record and took home gold medals in the women’s 100-meter and 200-meter dashes during track and field competition at the 2017 Invictus Games here Sept. 24.
By Ricardo Bilton: Atlas Obscura is using virtual reality to transport readers to the world’s distant, exotic locations

By Christine Cube: Blog Profiles: Political Blogs
Menu in the Comments Section
By Todd Fitch: Auction Alert! The Original Quaker Steak & Lube
Steph Jagger: Our Rallying Cry
Life is about three things: discovering, declaring, delivering.

By Jim Beviglia: Lyric of the Week Bob Seger And The Silver Bullet Band, “The Fire Inside”

By Erica Offutt: Tuesday’s Best Deals: Storm-Proof Umbrellas, Cutting Board, Custom-Tailored Suits, and More





Hispanic-American Marine Gave His Life to Save Others

Taken under fire by an enemy automatic weapon and hit in the right shoulder and chest as he lifted his arm to throw, Lopez fell backward and dropped the deadly grenade. After a moment, he turned and dragged his body forward in an effort to retrieve the grenade and throw it. In critical condition from pain and loss of blood, and unable to grasp the hand grenade firmly enough to hurl it, he chose to sacrifice himself rather than endanger the lives of his men, and with a sweeping motion of his wounded right arm, cradled the grenade under him and absorbed the full impact of the explosion. He did not survive the blast.

President Harry S. Truman presented the Medal of Honor posthumously to Lopez’s parents in a ceremony at the White House in 1951. Lopez is the only Hispanic-American graduate of the academy to receive the Medal of Honor.

In 1999, Florida dedicated the Baldomero Lopez State Veterans Nursing Home.

Hispanic-American Marine Gave His Life to Save Others

Navy to Christen Expeditionary Sea Base Hershel “Woody” Williams (ESB

The Navy will christen the Expeditionary Sea Base future USNS Hershel “Woody” Williams (ESB 4) during a 10 a.m. PDT ceremony, Saturday, Oct. 21, at General Dynamics NASSCO, San Diego.

The future Hershel “Woody” Williams is the first ship to bear the name of Marine Corps Chief Warrant Officer Hershel Woodrow Williams, the last surviving Medal of Honor recipient recognized for heroism at the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II.

Navy to Christen Expeditionary Sea Base Hershel “Woody” Williams (ESB

DoD Sexual Assault Experts Offer, Gain Valuable Insight at Annual Training Event

DoD Sexual Assault Experts Offer, Gain Valuable Insight at Annual Training Event

Retired Marine Breaks Personal Record, Takes Gold at Invictus Games

TORONTO, Sept. 26, 2017 — Medically retired Marine Corps Lance Cpl. Sarah Rudder broke another personal record and took home gold medals in the women’s 100-meter and 200-meter dashes during track and field competition at the 2017 Invictus Games here Sept. 24.

Retired Marine Breaks Personal Record, Takes Gold at Invictus Games

FYI October 23, 2017

1739 – War of Jenkins’ Ear starts: British Prime Minister Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
The War of Jenkins’ Ear (known as Guerra del Asiento in Spain) was a conflict between Britain and Spain lasting from 1739 to 1748, with major operations largely ended by 1742. Its unusual name, coined by Thomas Carlyle in 1858,[5] refers to an ear severed from Robert Jenkins, a captain of a British merchant ship. Despite stories to that effect, there is no evidence the severed ear was exhibited before the British Parliament.

The seeds of conflict began with the separation of an ear from Jenkins following the boarding of his vessel by Spanish coast guards in 1731, eight years before the war began. Popular response to the incident was tepid until several years later when opposition politicians and the British South Sea Company hoped to spur outrage against Spain, believing that a victorious war would improve Britain’s trading opportunities in the Caribbean.[6] Also ostensibly providing the impetus to war against the Spanish Empire was a desire to pressure the Spanish not to renege on the lucrative asiento contract, which gave British slavers permission to sell slaves in Spanish America.[7]

The war resulted in heavy British casualties in North America. After 1742, the war was subsumed by the wider War of the Austrian Succession, which involved most of the powers of Europe. Peace arrived with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748. From the British perspective, the war was notable because it was the first time that a regiment of colonial American troops (Oglethorpe’s Regiment) was raised and placed “on the Establishment” – made a part of the regular British Army – and sent to fight outside North America.

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1894 – Emma Vyssotsky, American astronomer and academic (d. 1975)
Emma Vyssotsky (October 23, 1894 – May 12, 1975[1]), born Emma T. R. Williams in Media, Pennsylvania was an American astronomer.

She received a Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard College in 1930. She spent her career at the McCormick Observatory of the University of Virginia, where her speciality was the motion of stars and the kinematics of the Milky Way.

She married the Russian-born astronomer Alexander N. Vyssotsky in 1929. They had one son, Victor A. Vyssotsky (a mathematician and computer scientist), who was involved in the Multics project and creator of the Darwin computer game.

She was awarded the Annie J. Cannon Award in Astronomy by the American Astronomical Society in 1946.[2]


Ryan F. Mandelbaum: Gizmodo Presents: Dark Matter TONIGHT
We live in a universe filled with weird stuff that we don’t really understand: dark matter. Physicists have observed its spooky effects but have’t seen it directly. Even scarier: There seems to be around six times as much dark matter in the universe as regular matter.

Tonight, we’ll be broadcasting a discussion on this mysterious substance over Facebook live at 7:00 pm ET from the Gizmodo office. Joining me will be three prominent physicists: Elena Aprile, founder of the XENON dark matter experiment from Columbia University, James Beacham, physicist at the Large Hadron Collider, and Priya Natarajan, astrophysicist at Yale University. We’ll begin taking Facebook live questions beginning at 7:45 pm ET. Come back here once the event starts and we’ll drop the link in this post.
By Rian Dunden: These plane crash pictures show one photographer’s quest to chronicle early aviation failures
By Adele Peters: This Three-Story Tiny House Fits In The Footprint Of A Parking Space

By Emma Taggart: Model Maker Creates Spooky Miniature Scenes Framed Within Shadow Box Dioramas
Bright Side: 11 Mysteries of Famous Icons That 90% of People Don’t Know About
The Eye of Photography: Paris Match, Exceptional Contact Sheets
Berenice Abbott’s New York Stores (1930s)
Berenice Abbott (July 17, 1898 – December 9, 1991) was an American photographer renowned for her black-and-white photography of New York City in the 1930s. Her pictures of New York stores, street vendors and bars formed part of Changing New York, her project sponsored by the Federal Art Project (FAP) in the 1930s.

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By Maria Popova Brain Pickings: An Ode to the Number Pi by Nobel-Winning Polish Poet Wisława Szymborska
I am thinking about time this morning — about how it expands and contracts in the open fist of memory, about how the same duration can feel like a blink or incline toward the infinite, or even do both at once. Eleven years ago today, Brain Pickings began — birthed by what feels like another self, one that was once myself but no longer is and never again will be, and yet tethered to who I am today by some invisible thread of personal sensibility woven by and of time.
By Maria Popova Brain Pickings: 10 Learnings from 10 Years of Brain Pickings



Shep McAllister, Erica Offutt: Monday’s Best Deals: Amazon Kindles, Yankee Candles, Nintendo 3DS SNES Edition, and More





Medal of Honor to Go to Vietnam Vet Who Saved Dozens in 4 Days

This week we’re highlighting a special Medal of Honor recipient, who is set to receive the coveted honor this week.

Army Capt. Gary “Mike” Rose will receive the Medal of Honor at a White House ceremony Oct. 23 to commemorate his heroic actions during a four-day mission known as Operation Tailwind during the Vietnam War.

Medal of Honor to Go to Vietnam Vet Who Saved Dozens in 4 Days