FYI April 16, 2018


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On This Day

1818 – The United States Senate ratifies the Rush–Bagot Treaty, establishing the border with Canada.
The Rush–Bagot Treaty or Rush–Bagot Disarmament, was a treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom limiting naval armaments on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain, following the War of 1812. It was ratified by the United States Senate on April 16, 1818,[1] and was confirmed by Canada, following Confederation, in 1867. The treaty provided for a large demilitarization of lakes along the international boundary, where many British naval arrangements and forts remained. The treaty stipulated that the United States and British North America could each maintain one military vessel (no more than 100 tons burden) as well as one cannon (no more than eighteen pounds) on Lake Ontario and Lake Champlain. The remaining Great Lakes permitted the United States and British North America to keep two military vessels “of like burden” on the waters armed with “like force”. The treaty, and the separate Treaty of 1818, laid the basis for a demilitarized boundary between the U.S. and British North America.[2]


Born On This Day

1864 – Rose Talbot Bullard, American medical doctor and professor (d. 1915)
Rose Talbot Bullard (April 16, 1864 — December 22, 1915) was an American medical doctor and medical school professor, who was elected president of the Los Angeles County Medical Association in 1902.

Early life
Rose Talbot (the surname is sometimes seen as “Talbott”) was born in Birmingham, Iowa in 1864. Her father was a doctor. She earned her medical degree at the Women’s Hospital Medical College in Chicago, where she graduated at the top of her class in 1886. Her sister Lula Talbot Ellis was also a medical doctor, and the first woman graduate from medical school at the University of Southern California in 1888.[1]

Rose Talbot Bullard moved to California in 1886 and was soon helping with a smallpox epidemic in Los Angeles, and sharing a practice with Elizabeth Follansbee. She taught gynecology at the University of Southern California. She was one of the first officers of the YWCA of Los Angeles when it formed in 1893.[2] She was elected president of the Los Angeles County Medical Association in 1902, the first woman to serve in that post (and the only woman to serve in that post[3] until 1992). She was also a fellow of the American College of Surgeons, one of only eight women elected to that status when the organization was founded in 1912. In her obstetric practice, she was among the first in Southern California to use spinal anesthesia.[4] When the American Medical Association established a Public Health Education Committee in 1909, Rose Bullard was one of the ten physicians appointed to the committee, and the only one from Los Angeles.[5]

In her work with female patients, she advocated outdoor activity, especially bicycling, which she believed came with other benefits for women. “The bicycle has done more for the cause of legitimate dress reform than any other single agent,” she declared in 1895.[6]

“Men may talk and argue about women physicians, as such,” commented a medical journal editorial in 1903, “but no person ever comments unfavorably upon Dr. Bullard, either as a physician or a lady.”[7]

Personal life and legacy
Rose Talbot married a fellow physician, ophthalmologist and anesthesiologist Frank Dearborn Bullard, in 1888. They had a daughter, Helen Talbot Bullard, who also became a doctor. Rose Talbot Bullard died suddenly in 1915, aged 51 years, from complications after a surgery to treat a dental infection.[8]

The Women Physicians Action Committee of the Los Angeles County Medical Association gives an annual Rose Talbot Bullard Award for a woman physician who is a “champion and trailblazer.”[9]



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