On This Day
1457 BC – Likely date of the Battle of Megiddo between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh, the first battle to have been recorded in what is accepted as relatively reliable detail.
The Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC) was fought between Egyptian forces under the command of Pharaoh Thutmose III and a large rebellious coalition of Canaanite vassal states led by the king of Kadesh. It is the first battle to have been recorded in what is accepted as relatively reliable detail. Megiddo is also the first recorded use of the composite bow and the first body count. All details of the battle come from Egyptian sources—primarily the hieroglyphic writings on the Hall of Annals in the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, Thebes (now Luxor), by the military scribe Tjaneni.
The ancient Egyptian account gives the date of the battle as the 21st day of the first month of the third season, of Year 23 of the reign of Thutmose III. It has been claimed that this was April 16, 1457 BC according to the Middle Chronology, although other publications place the battle in 1482 BC or 1479 BC. The Battle of Megiddo was an Egyptian victory and resulted in a rout of the Canaanite forces, which fled to safety in the city of Megiddo. Their action resulted in the subsequent lengthy Siege of Megiddo.
By reestablishing Egyptian dominance in the Levant, Thutmose III began a reign in which the Egyptian Empire reached its greatest expanse.
Born On This Day
1864 – Rose Talbot Bullard, American medical doctor and professor (d. 1915)
Rose Talbot Bullard (April 16, 1864 – December 22, 1915) was an American physician and medical school professor, who was elected president of the Los Angeles County Medical Association in 1902.
Rose Talbot (the surname is sometimes seen as “Talbott”) was born in Birmingham, Iowa in 1864. Her father was a physician. She earned her medical degree at the Women’s Hospital Medical College in Chicago, where she graduated at the top of her class in 1886. Her sister Lula Talbot Ellis was also a physician, and the first woman to graduate from the medical school at the University of Southern California in 1888.
Bullard moved to California in 1886 and soon was helping with a smallpox epidemic in Los Angeles. She shared a practice with Elizabeth Follansbee. She taught gynecology at the University of Southern California. She was one of the first officers of the YWCA of Los Angeles, when it formed in 1893. She was elected president of the Los Angeles County Medical Association in 1902, the first woman to serve in that post (and the only woman to serve in that post until 1992). She was also a fellow of the American College of Surgeons, one of only eight women elected to that status when the organization was founded in 1912. In her obstetric practice, she was among the first in Southern California to use spinal anesthesia. When the American Medical Association established a Public Health Education Committee in 1909, Bullard was one of the ten physicians appointed to the committee, and the only one from Los Angeles.
In her work with women patients, she advocated outdoor activity, especially bicycling, which she believed came with other benefits for women. “The bicycle has done more for the cause of legitimate dress reform than any other single agent,” she declared in 1895.
“Men may talk and argue about women physicians, as such,” commented a medical journal editorial in 1903, “but no person ever comments unfavorably upon Dr. Bullard, either as a physician or a lady.”
Personal life and legacy
Bullard married a fellow physician, ophthalmologist and anesthesiologist Frank Dearborn Bullard, in 1888. They had a daughter, Helen Talbot Bullard, who also became a physician. Bullard died suddenly in 1915, aged 51 years, from complications after a surgery to treat a dental infection.
The Women Physicians Action Committee of the Los Angeles County Medical Association gives an annual Rose Talbot Bullard Award for a woman physician who is a “champion and trailblazer”.
Georgia Bright Engel (July 28, 1948 – April 12, 2019) was an American actress. She is best known for having played Georgette Franklin Baxter in the successful sitcom The Mary Tyler Moore Show from 1972 to 1977 and Pat MacDougal on Everybody Loves Raymond from 2003 to 2005. During her career, Engel received five Primetime Emmy Award nominations.
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