On This Day
1944 – Continuation War: The Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive, the largest offensive launched by Soviet Union against Finland during the Second World War, ends to a strategic stalemate. Both Finnish and Soviet troops at the Finnish front dug to defensive positions, and the front remains stable until the end of the war.
The Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive or Karelian offensive[Notes 3] was a strategic operation by the Soviet Leningrad and Karelian Fronts against Finland on the Karelian Isthmus and East Karelia fronts of the Continuation War, on the Eastern Front of World War II. The Soviet forces captured East Karelia and Viborg. After that, however, the fighting reached a stalemate.
Born On This Day
1915 – Mareta West, American astronomer and geologist (d. 1998)
Mareta N. West (August 9, 1915 – November 2, 1998) was an American astrogeologist who in the 1960s chose the site of the first manned lunar landing, Apollo 11. She was the first female astrogeologist. Her cremated remains were launched into space.
West was born August 9, 1915. She received her bachelor’s degree in geology from the University of Oklahoma where she was a member of Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority.
West was a third-generation Oklahoman, her grandparents having moved to Indian Territory in 1889.
In the 1940s, West worked as a petroleum geologist in the oil and gas industry before becoming the first woman geologist hired by the United States Geological Survey in Arizona. She was the first woman astrogeologist.
West chose the site of the Apollo 11 first manned lunar landing.
Nuclear Power Reactor Sites in the Southeastern United States, 1978.
West Side of the Moon
Cremated remains launched into space
Her cremated remains were launched into space aboard a SpaceLoft-XL rocket on April 28, 2007 as part of the first commercial attempt to launch human remains for lunar “burial”. This was a sub-orbital launch, and the cremains were recovered afterwards. They were launched again on August 2, 2008, aboard a Falcon 1 rocket. The intended destination of this flight was low Earth orbit, however the rocket failed two minutes after launch.
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