FYI August 27, 2018


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On This Day

1689 – The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing Empire (Julian calendar).
The Treaty of Nerchinsk of 1689 (Russian: Нерчинский договор, Nerčinskij dogovor; Manchu: ᠨᡳᠪᠴᡠ ‍‍ᡳ
ᠪᡳᡨᡥᡝ,Möllendorff: nibcoo-i bade bithe; simplified Chinese: 尼布楚条约; traditional Chinese: 尼布楚條約; pinyin: Níbùchǔ Tiáoyuē, Xiao’erjing: نِبُچُ تِيَوْيُؤ) was the first treaty between Russia and China. The Russians gave up the area north of the Amur River as far as the Stanovoy Mountains and kept the area between the Argun River and Lake Baikal. This border along the Argun River and Stanovoy Mountains lasted until the Amur Annexation in 1860. For background see History of Sino-Russian relations.

The agreement was signed in Nerchinsk on August 27, 1689.[1] The signatories were Songgotu on behalf of the Kangxi Emperor and Fyodor Golovin on behalf of the Russian tsars Peter I and Ivan V.

The authoritative version was in Latin, with translations into Russian and Manchu, but these versions differed considerably. There was no official Chinese text for another two centuries,[2] but the border markers were inscribed in Chinese along with Manchu, Russian and Latin.[3]

Later, in 1727, the Treaty of Kiakhta fixed what is now the border of Mongolia west of the Argun and opened up the caravan trade. In 1858 (Treaty of Aigun) Russia annexed the land north of the Amur and in 1860 (Treaty of Beijing) took the coast down to Vladivostok. The current border runs along the Argun, Amur and Ussuri Rivers.



Born On This Day

1924 – Rosalie E. Wahl, American lawyer and jurist (d. 2013)
Sara Rosalie Wahl (née Erwin; August 27, 1924 – July 22, 2013) was an American lawyer and judge from Minnesota. She was the first woman in state history named to the Minnesota Supreme Court.

Born in Caney, Kansas, Wahl earned her undergraduate degree from the University of Kansas in 1946. She received her law degree from William Mitchell College of Law two decades later, in 1967. From 1967 to 1973, she worked as an Assistant State Public Defender.[1] In 1977, she became the first woman to serve on the Minnesota Supreme Court, having been appointed by Governor Rudy Perpich. She served on the court until her retirement in 1994.[2] Wahl died on July 22, 2013 at the age of 88.

Supreme Court Chief Justice Lorie Gildea issued a statement on the death of former Justice Wahl:

“Rosalie Wahl was a trailblazer for our state, both as a lawyer and as the first woman to serve on the Minnesota Supreme Court. While on the court she led efforts to address both gender fairness and racial bias in our state’s justice system. She will be remembered with fondness and respect for her unwavering commitment to the principle of equal justice for all.”[3] In an interview with Peter Shea done in 2003 she talks about her post-retirement role as a “public citizen,” including her work as a peace activist.[4]

Wahl also served as an adjunct professor at William Mitchell College of Law and the University of Minnesota Law School.

There is a book about Wahl, titled Her Honor: Rosalie Wahl and the Minnesota Women’s Movement, which was published in 2014.




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