FYI December 09, 2019

On This Day

1872 – In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first African-American governor of a U.S. state.
Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (born Pinckney Benton Stewart[citation needed], May 10, 1837 – December 21, 1921) was an American publisher and politician, a Union Army officer, and the first African American to become governor of a U.S. state. A Republican, Pinchback served as the 24th Governor of Louisiana from December 9, 1872, to January 13, 1873. He was one of the most prominent African-American officeholders during the Reconstruction Era.

Pinchback was born free in Macon, Georgia to Eliza Stewart, a freed mulatto woman, and William Pinchback, a white planter. His father raised the younger Pinchback and his siblings as his own children on his large plantation in Mississippi. After the death of his father in 1848, his mother took Pinchback and siblings to the free state of Ohio to ensure their continued freedom. After the start of the American Civil War, Pinchback traveled to Union-occupied New Orleans. There he raised several companies for the 1st Louisiana Native Guard, and became one of the few African Americans commissioned as officers in the Union Army.

Pinchback remained in New Orleans after the Civil War, becoming active in Republican politics. He won election to the Louisiana State Senate in 1868 and became the president pro tempore of the state senate. He became the acting Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana upon the death of Oscar Dunn in 1871 and briefly served as Governor of Louisiana after Henry C. Warmoth was suspended from office. He was the first African American to serve as a US governor. African Americans were increasingly disenfranchised in the South at the turn of the 20th century; Pinchback was the only African American to serve as governor of a U.S. state until 1890. After the contested 1872 Louisiana gubernatorial election, Republican legislators elected Pinchback to the United States Senate. Due to the controversy over the 1872 elections in the state, which were challenged by white Democrats, Pinchback was never seated in Congress.

Pinchback served as a delegate to the 1879 Louisiana constitutional convention, where he helped gain support for the founding of Southern University. In a Republican federal appointment, he served as the surveyor of US customs of New Orleans from 1882 to 1885. Later he worked with other leading men of color to challenge the segregation of Louisiana’s public transportation system, leading to the Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson. To escape increasing racial oppression, he moved with his family to Washington, D.C. in 1892, where they were among the elite people of color. He died there in 1921.

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Born On This Day

1779 – Tabitha Babbitt, American tool maker and inventor (d. 1853)
Sarah “Tabitha” Babbitt (December 9, 1779 – December 10, 1853) was an early American Shaker purported to be a tool maker and inventor. Inventions credited to her by the Shakers include the circular saw, the spinning wheel head, and false teeth. She was a member of the Harvard Shaker community.

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FYI

By Doha Madani, NBC News: Peter Frates, inspiration for the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge, dies at 34 “He was a noble fighter who inspired us all to use our talents and strengths in the service of others,” the Frates family said in a statement Monday.
 
 
 
 
By Marty Steinberg, CNBC: Paul Volcker, the Carter-Reagan Fed chairman who beat inflation, dies at age 92

 
 
 
 
CBS News: Cyberattack downs Pensacola computers hours after Navy base attack
 
 
 
 

By Christine Schmidt, NiemanLab: Want to start your own local online news outlet? With a new staff and a $1 million grant, LION Publishers wants to do more to help

 
 
 
 

The Rural Blog: FCC to scrap 4G LTE rural program, create $9 billion subsidy to bring fifth-generation wireless to rural areas; Sign up for Dec. 12 webinar that will discuss USDA’s latest ‘America’s Diverse Family Farms 2019’ report and more ->
 
 
 
 

By Stephanie Donovan, Beyond Bylines: Blog Profiles: Personal Growth Blogs
 
 
 
 
By MessyNessy, 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CDLXXXI): Cowboy Car Hops, Dallas, Texas, 1940; Laverie Valee, also known ‘Charmion’, a Trapeze Artist & a Strongwoman, 1897; Snow country children going to a New Year’s event, covered in straw capes to protect them from the weather; The Viral Photo of Mount Everest and the Untold Accounts of the People who were there; “Beaded Bag,“ 1880s-1890s, made by a Nimiipuu artist and more ->
 
 
By MessyNessy, 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CDLXXX): This massive fireplace decorated for Christmas at the Biltmore Estate; A Microdot Camera, a vintage technology used by the CIA in the Cold War; Experimental electronic musician Conrad Schnitzler with equipment at the Berlin Wall; Iggy Pop’s High School Band; Wrocław Water Tower in Poland; This Winter Train in Finland and more ->
 
 
By MessyNessy, 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CDLXXVII): Juni Ludowici’s ‘Round House’ on the River Thames, 1958; Discovered: A Long Lost Mixtape Lou Reed Made for Andy Warhol (with Unreleased Songs); The 250-yr-old Rope Bridge at Carrick-a-Rede, Ireland and more ->
 
 
By MessyNessy, 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCLXXVI): A Beguiling “Secret Garden” Apartment For Sale in London; This Cabin, complete with Rooftop Lookout; Conrad Veidt in the silent film The Indian Tomb, 1921 and more ->
 
 
 
 

By Keren Blankfeld, The New York Times: Lovers in Auschwitz, Reunited 72 Years Later. He Had One Question. Was she the reason he was alive today?
 
 
 
 
GlacierHub Newsletter — Dec. 9, 2019: This week’s Video of the Week features a short clip of researchers installing an automatic weather station on Yala Glacier in Nepal. More ->

 
 
 
 

Open Culture: How to Improve Your Memory: Four TED Talks Explain the Techniques to Remember Anything and more ->
 
 
 
 
Kathryn’s Report: Loss of Engine Power (Partial): Convair C-131B Samaritan, N145GT; fatal accident occurred February 08, 2019 in the Atlantic Ocean; Flight Control System Malfunction/Failure: Robinson R44 Raven II, N484AB; accident occurred January 08, 2019 near Garner Field Airport (KUVA), Uvalde, Texas and more ->
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: Whale skeletons come to life at ‘Bonehenge’; Beavers That Give a Damn and more ->

Ideas

New Life On a Homestead: 30 Cream of Tartar Uses That Will Surprise You
 
 

Recipes

Hank Shaw, Hunter Angler Gardener Cook: Bacon Butternut Squash Soup