FYI December 21, 2018

On This Day

 
 
1913 – Arthur Wynne’s “word-cross”, the first crossword puzzle, is published in the New York World.
Arthur Wynne (June 22, 1871 – January 14, 1945) was the British-born inventor of the modern crossword puzzle.

Early life
Arthur Wynne was born on June 22, 1871, in Liverpool, England and lived on Edge Lane for a time. His father was the editor of the local newspaper the Liverpool Mercury.[1] He emigrated to the United States on June 6, 1891, at the age of 19,[2] settling for a time in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[dead link][3]

Career
While in Pittsburgh, Wynne worked on the Pittsburgh Press newspaper.[3] and played the violin in the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra.[4] He later moved to New York City and worked on the New York World newspaper. He is best known for the invention of the crossword puzzle in 1913, when he was a resident of Cedar Grove, New Jersey.[5]

Wynne created the page of puzzles for the “Fun” section of the Sunday edition of the New York World. For the December 21, 1913, edition, he introduced a puzzle with a diamond shape and a hollow center, the letters F-U-N already being filled in. He called it a “Word-Cross Puzzle.”[6]

Although Wynne’s invention was based on earlier puzzle forms, such as the word diamond, he introduced a number of innovations (e.g. the use of horizontal and vertical lines to create boxes for solvers to enter letters). He subsequently pioneered the use of black squares in a symmetrical arrangement to separate words in rows and columns. With the exception of the numbering scheme, the form of Wynne’s “Word-Cross” puzzles is that used for modern crosswords.[6]

A few weeks after the first “Word-Cross” appeared, the name of the puzzle was changed to “Cross-Word” as a result of a typesetting error.[5] Wynne’s puzzles have been known as “crosswords” ever since.

Later life and death
Arthur Wynne became a naturalized US citizen in the 1920s.[7] He died in Clearwater, Florida, on January 14, 1945.[4]

Legacy
On December 20, 2013, he was honored with an interactive Google Doodle commemorating the “100th anniversary of the first crossword puzzle”[8][9][10] with a puzzle by Merl Reagle. Numerous other constructors also created tribute puzzles to Wynne to commemorate the anniversary.

Recreation of Arthur Wynne’s crossword puzzle from December 21, 1913

 
 

Born On This Day

 
 
1866 – Maud Gonne, Irish nationalist and political activist (d. 1953)
Maud Gonne MacBride (Irish: Maud Nic Ghoinn Bean Mac Giolla Bhríghde, 21 December 1866 – 27 April 1953) was an English-born Irish revolutionary, suffragette and actress. Of Anglo-Irish descent, she was won over to Irish nationalism by the plight of evicted people in the Land Wars. She also actively agitated for Home Rule.

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FYI

 
 
By Laura Bullard: Who Gets to Decide Who I Am? On Native Identity, Tribal Enrollment, and Federal Recognition
 
 
 
 
By David Tracy: How One Man Turned His Fiat 500 Abarth Into an Offroader That Nearly Killed Him
Vehicle suspension are complex, and while I like that Parfrey decided to go for it, and I appreciate that he eventually realized it was too dangerous to keep driving, his tale is a cautionary one for folks looking to throw a quick-and-dirty lift onto their vehicles.

If you’re going to modify your suspension, you’ve got to understand how it will change your car’s behavior. Because this kind of stuff could get you killed.
 
 
 
 
By Jason Torchinsky: Brand-New Volkswagen Arrives at Dealer and Drops an F-Bomb to America
 
 
 
 
By George Dvorsky: Tropical Lizard With Built-in Scuba Gear Can Stay Submerged for 16 Minutes
 
 
 
 
By Nick Douglas: Amazon Prime’s Promise of Two-Day Delivery Is Dying
 
 
 
 
By Richard Hollingham: The Nasa mission that broadcast to a billion people
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Microsoft report says rural-urban broadband gap much larger than FCC reports
A big part of the problem is that the FCC allows internet service providers to simply tell the FCC which areas they cover, and ISPs have an incentive to exaggerate their coverage areas. The FCC is investigating whether some ISPs lied about covering rural areas to access government funds for rural providers.
 
 
 
 
By Bill Chappell: Pope Francis Tells Abusive Priests And Bishops To Turn Themselves In
Pope Francis is urging predator priests who have raped or molested children to turn themselves in “to human justice, and prepare for divine justice,” devoting part of his Christmas message to the abuse scandals that he said have undermined the Catholic Church in 2018.

As cardinals and other church luminaries listened in the Vatican’s ornate Clementine Hall on Friday, Francis also compared priests who break their vows to Judas Iscariot, the disciple who betrayed Jesus Christ.
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: Researchers Recreate the Sounds Worshippers Heard in the Mosque of Cordoba Over 1,200 Years Ago The Moonlight Sonata But the Bass Is a Bar Late, and the Melody Is a Bar Early Discover Isotype, the 1920s Attempt to Create a Universal Language with Stylish Icons & Graphic Design and more ->
 
 
 
 
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings – ANNUAL SPECIAL: The Best Books of 2018
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Seismic activity toleration factor?
By Hometalk Highlights: 25 Incredibly Unique Shelving Ideas
 
 
Amanda C, Hometalk Team Hometalker Brooklyn, NY: Flock a Christmas Tree the Child / Pet Safe Way
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 


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