FYI January 01, 2017
On this day:
45 BC – The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.
1772 – The first traveler’s cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London, England.
1773 – The hymn that became known as “Amazing Grace”, then titled “1 Chronicles 17:16–17” is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, England.
1847 – The world’s first “Mercy” Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh by the Sisters of Mercy; the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world.
1863 – American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.
Born on this day:
1884 – Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese lieutenant, engineer, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company (d. 1949)
1888 – John Garand, Canadian-American engineer, designed the M1 Garand rifle (d. 1974)
1900 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1990)
1918 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
1943 – Tony Knowles, American soldier and politician, 7th Governor of Alaska
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