FYI July 30, 2018


 
 

 
 
 
 

On This Day

 
 
1609 – Beaver Wars: At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs on behalf of his native allies.

Relations and war with natives

During the summer of 1609, Champlain attempted to form better relations with the local native tribes. He made alliances with the Wendat (called Huron by the French) and with the Algonquin, the Montagnais and the Etchemin, who lived in the area of the St. Lawrence River. These tribes demanded that Champlain help them in their war against the Iroquois, who lived farther south. Champlain set off with nine French soldiers and 300 natives to explore the Rivière des Iroquois (now known as the Richelieu River), and became the first European to map Lake Champlain. Having had no encounters with the Iroquois at this point many of the men headed back, leaving Champlain with only 2 Frenchmen and 60 natives.

On July 29, somewhere in the area near Ticonderoga and Crown Point, New York (historians are not sure which of these two places, but Fort Ticonderoga historians claim that it occurred near its site), Champlain and his party encountered a group of Iroquois. In a battle begun the next day, two hundred Iroquois advanced on Champlain’s position, and one of his guides pointed out the three Iroquois chiefs. In his account of the battle, Champlain recounts firing his arquebus and killing two of them with a single shot, after which one of his men killed the third. The Iroquois turned and fled. This action set the tone for poor French-Iroquois relations for the rest of the century.[Note 13]

The Battle of Sorel occurred on June 19, 1610, with Samuel de Champlain supported by the Kingdom of France and his allies, the Wyandot people, Algonquin people and Innu people against the Mohawk people in New France at present-day Sorel-Tracy, Quebec. The forces of Champlain armed with the arquebus engaged and killed or captured nearly all of the Mohawks. The battle ended major hostilities with the Mohawks for twenty years.[27]

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Born On This Day

 
 
1893 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani dentist and politician (d. 1967)
Fatima Jinnah English IPA: fətɪ̈mɑ d͡ʒinnəɦ, (Urdu: فاطمہ جناح‬‎; 31 July 1893 – 9 July 1967)[1] was a Pakistani dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman and one of the leading founders of Pakistan.[2]

After obtaining a dental degree from University of Calcutta in 1923,[3] she became a close associate and an adviser to her older brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah who later became the first Governor General of Pakistan. A strong critic of the British Raj, she emerged as a strong advocate of the two nation theory and a leading member of the All-India Muslim League.[1]

After the independence of Pakistan, Jinnah co-founded the Pakistan Women’s Association which played an integral role in the settlement of the women migrants in the newly formed country. She remained the closest confidant of her brother until his death. After his death, Fatima was banned from addressing the nation until 1951; her 1951 radio address to the nation was heavily censored by the Liaquat administration.[4] She wrote the book My Brother, in 1955 but it was only published 32 years later, in 1987, due to censorship by the establishment, who had accused Fatima of ‘anti-nationalist material’. Even when published several pages from the book’s manuscript were left out.[5]

Jinnah came out of her self-imposed political retirement in 1965 to participate in the presidential election against military dictator Ayub Khan. She was backed by a consortium of political parties, and despite political rigging by the military, won two of Pakistan’s largest cities, Karachi and Dhaka.[6] The U.S. magazine, Time, while reporting on the 1965 election campaign, wrote that Jinnah faced attacks on her modesty and patriotism by Ayub Khan and his allies.[7][8]

Jinnah died in Karachi on 9 July 1967. Her death is subject to controversy, as some reports have alleged that she died of unnatural causes.[9][10] Her family members had demanded an inquiry, however the government blocked their request.[11] She remains one of the most honoured leaders in Pakistan, with nearly half a million people attending her funeral in Karachi.[12]

Her legacy is associated with her support for civil rights, her struggle in the Pakistan Movement and her devotion to her brother. Referred to as Māder-e Millat (“Mother of the Nation”) and Khātūn-e Pākistān (Urdu: — “Lady of Pakistan”), many institutions and public spaces have been named in her honour.[13]

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FYI

 
 
By Dave McKenna: Nikolai Volkoff, Cold Warrior And American Dreamer, Is Dead
 
 
Josip Nikolai Peruzović (October 14, 1947 – July 29, 2018),[3][4] better known by his ring name of Nikolai Volkoff, was a Croatian-born American professional wrestler who was best known for his performances for the World Wrestling Federation (WWF). Although the Volkoff character was often portrayed as a villainous Russian, Peruzović originated from Croatia and had a mixed background.

In the 1970s, he was Bepo of the Mongols tag team, one of the masked Executioners and feuded with Bruno Sammartino over the WWWF World Heavyweight Championship as Volkoff. In the 1980s, he was known for teaming with The Iron Sheik, with whom he won the WWF Tag Team Championship at the inaugural WrestleMania event, and later with Boris Zhukov as The Bolsheviks. In 1990, he turned face and embraced America, briefly feuding with Zhukov and newly-turned Iraqi sympathizer Sgt. Slaughter. In 1994, after a hiatus, he returned as a destitute and desperate character, exploited by Ted DiBiase as the first member of his Million Dollar Corporation.

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By Carol Weis: Drinking With Dick Cavett, Truman Capote and Captain Zero
 
Richard Alva Cavett (/ˈkævɪt/; born November 19, 1936) is an American television personality, comedian and former talk show host notable for his conversational style and in-depth discussions. He appeared regularly on nationally broadcast television in the United States in five consecutive decades, the 1960s through the 2000s.

In later years, Cavett wrote a column for the online New York Times, promoted DVDs of his former shows as well as a book of his Times columns, and hosted replays of his TV interviews with Salvador Dalí, Groucho Marx, Katharine Hepburn, Judy Garland, Marlon Brando, John Lennon and others on Turner Classic Movies.[1][2]

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By Colin Marshall: Every Cover of MAD Magazine, from 1952 to the Present: Behold 553 Covers from the Satirical Publication
 
 
 
 
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCXCVIII): The Days When Thousands of Cables Crowded the Skies, A historical Airbnb cottage with a roof made of over 32 tons of seaweed, Summer BBQ Tips with Gene Kelly, Blue Babe a 36,000 year old mummified steppe bison found in Alaska in 1979 and more ->
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: Your Ultimate Guide to Getting a Clean Bathroom by the Weekend 11 tips you won’t want to miss!
 
 
 
 

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Recipes

 
 
By Rachel Koo: Apple and Cheese Spelt Buns (Dinkelbulle med äpple och ost)