On This Day
1648 – The Roundheads defeat the Cavaliers at the Battle of Maidstone in the Second English Civil War.
The Battle of Maidstone (1 June 1648) was fought in the Second English Civil War and was a victory for the attacking parliamentarian troops over the defending Royalist forces.
In May 1648, a significant part of the Royalist uprising gathered in Kent and Essex. The Kentish Royalists assembled outside Maidstone at Penenden Heath with over 10,000 men raised for the Earl of Norwich. The force then dispersed to hold various towns for the King including Gravesend, Rochester, Dover and Maidstone. Together with the rebellion in South Wales, this gathering constituted one of the main uprisings that marked the Second Civil War. The New Model Army had already been split in two and the larger part sent under Cromwell to deal with the rebellion in South Wales, leaving Sir Thomas Fairfax with a force of only 6000 men. Fairfax marched on Maidstone with 4,000 veteran parliamentary troops to recapture it from the defending 2000 strong Royalist force within the town. Most of the Royalists were not soldiers, being described as ‘cavaliers, citizens, seamen and watermen’.
Born On This Day
1873 – Elena Alistar, Bessarabian politician (d. 1955)
Elena Alistar-Romanescu (June 1, 1873 in Vaisal, Ismail County – 1955 in Pucioasa) was a Bessarabian physician and politician who was part of Sfatul Țării from Bessarabia.
She was the aunt of writer Magda Isanos.
Elena Alistar was born on June 1, 1873, Vaisal commune, Ismail County. According to some historical sources, she was of Bessarabian origin. She was born in a family of priest Vasile Balan . Her mother was Elisabeta Balan. She graduated from the primary school of Congaz of Cahul County, and then, attended the Chișinău Eparchial School. There she met the young theologian Dumitru Alistar. They married. After a while, her husband became a priest and she followed him. Since 1890, she worked as a teacher in the such villages as Văleni, Roșu, Zîrnești, Cahul, Rezeni and Chișinău. After her husband death, she was encouraged by the journalist Mihai Vântu to left for Iași, Romania. In 1909-1916, she attended the Medical Faculty of the University of Iași. She was arrested for “nationalistic activity” together with the members of Daniel Ciugureanu group. The group has claimed the need for force liberation of Bessarabia from the Russian influence. In 1916, she was recruited by the army as a military doctor. She continued to practice medicine at Costiujeni Hospital near Chișinău.
She was the member of the Moldavian National Party and was elected as an MP from the Cetatea Albă County for the Sfatul Țării. She was the single woman elected as MP known today who actively took part in the political events that led to Bessarabia unification with Romania. On 27 March 1918, voted the Union of Bessarabia with Romania.
Elena Alistar founded the Women’s Cultural League of Bessarabia. She was the president of the People’s Party, founded by Maresal Averescu, who was also originally from Izmail, Budjak – Historical Bessarabia, Babele commune, which is now in Ukraine. The newspaper “New Romania” was founded and headed by Onisifor Ghibu, in which have been published many articles signed by Elena Alistar. In 1927, she established in Bessarabia the Romanian Women Group. She became famous for her activity for the Romanian Women Orthodox Society which operates under the patronage of Mrs. Alexandrina Cantacuzino. After June 28, 1940, she fled to Romania. After a short stay in Iași, she was arrested by the Communist regime and sent to Pucioasa, Dâmbovița County where she died in 1955. In the few years, she was reburied at the Bellu Cemetery in Bucharest.
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