FYI May 03, 2018


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On This Day

1921 – The Partition of Ireland; The Government of Ireland Act 1920 is passed, dividing Ireland into Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland.
The partition of Ireland (Irish: críochdheighilt na hÉireann) was the division of the island of Ireland into two distinct jurisdictions, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland. It took place on 3 May 1921 under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. Today the former is still known as Northern Ireland and forms part of the United Kingdom, while the latter is now a sovereign state also named Ireland and sometimes called the Republic of Ireland.

The Act of 1920 was intended to create two self-governing territories within Ireland, with both remaining within the United Kingdom. It also contained provisions for co-operation between the two territories and for the eventual reunification of Ireland. However, in 1922, following the War of Independence and the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the southern part became the Irish Free State, while Northern Ireland exercised its option to remain in the United Kingdom.

Since partition, a key aspiration of Irish nationalists has been to bring about a reunited Ireland, with the whole island forming one independent state. This goal conflicts with that of the unionists in Northern Ireland, who want the region to remain part of the United Kingdom. The Irish and British governments agreed, under the 1998 Belfast Agreement, that the status of Northern Ireland will not change without the consent of a majority of its population.[1] In its white paper on Brexit the United Kingdom government reiterated its commitment to the Belfast Agreement. With regard to Northern Ireland’s status, it said that the UK Government’s “clearly-stated preference is to retain Northern Ireland’s current constitutional position: as part of the UK, but with strong links to Ireland”.[2]

Born On This Day

1896 – Dodie Smith, English author and playwright (d. 1990)
Dorothy Gladys “Dodie” Smith (3 May 1896 – 24 November 1990) was an English children’s novelist and playwright, known best for the novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians (1956). Other works include I Capture the Castle (1948), and The Starlight Barking (1967). The Hundred and One Dalmatians was adapted into a 1961 Disney animated movie version. Her novel I Capture the Castle was adapted into a 2003 movie version. I Capture the Castle was voted number 82 as “one of the nation’s 100 best-loved novels” by the British public as part of the BBC’s The Big Read (2003).[1]


Courtesy of Just A Car Guy:

Annie Oakley had a bicycle! Annie Oakley could ride her bike no-handed while shooting at targets
The first Ferris Wheel from the Chicago Expo of 1893- Each of the 36 cars held 60 people for a total of 2160 passengers, at the top of the ride, people were 264 feet off the ground

Read more about Buffalo Bill Cody:
The an annual picnic for poor children was turned into an extravaganza by Cody. “For weeks the boys who sell papers and the boys who black boots have gazed in speechless wonder at the gaudy bill-boards on which are depicted thrilling incidents in frontier life.”

And Cody personally made sure everyone had the opportunity to attend: On July 27, he treated 15,000 poor children to a downtown parade, a picnic and a visit to the Western spectacle when on one occasion, fair officials refused a request by Mayor Carter Harrison that the poor children of Chicago be admitted for one day at no charge.

Ever the consummate showman, Cody immediately announced a “Waif’s Day” at the Wild West. He offered every child from Chicago free train tickets, free admission to his show and free access to roam the Wild West encampment. To top it off, he also gave them all the candy and ice cream they could eat, free of charge. Fifteen thousand children swarmed the Wild West, and Cody was hailed as a “champion of the poor.”

Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show closed a day after the Expo. During its run, an average of 16,000 spectators attended each of the 318 performances, for an overall attendance exceeding five million.

Cody cleared about a million dollars in profit (nearly $30 million today). He used part of the proceeds to found his namesake town, Cody, Wyoming; build an extensive fairgrounds for North Platte, Nebraska; and retire the debts of five Nebraska churches. The balance went toward expanding the panorama of his Wild West extravaganza.

By Tonya McKenzie: How To Add More Good News To Your Timeline

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