FYI May 12, 2018


 
 

 
 
 
 

On This Day

1743 – Maria Theresa of Austria is crowned Queen of Bohemia after defeating her rival, Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor.

Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina[1] (German: Maria Theresia [maˈʁiːa teˈʁeːzi̯a]; 13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Transylvania, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress.[2]

She started her 40-year reign when her father, Emperor Charles VI, died in October 1740. Charles VI paved the way for her accession with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 and spent his entire reign securing it.[3] Upon the death of her father, Saxony, Prussia, Bavaria, and France all repudiated the sanction they had recognised during his lifetime. Frederick II of Prussia (who became Maria Theresa’s greatest rival for most of her reign) promptly invaded and took the affluent Habsburg province of Silesia in the seven-year conflict known as the War of the Austrian Succession. Over the course of the war, despite the loss of Silesia and a few minor territories in Italy, Maria Theresa successfully defended her rule over most of the Habsburg empire. Maria Theresa later unsuccessfully tried to reconquer Silesia during the Seven Years’ War.

Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, had eleven daughters, including the Queen of France, the Queen of Naples and Sicily, the Duchess of Parma, and five sons, including two Holy Roman Emperors, Joseph II and Leopold II. Of the sixteen children, ten survived to adulthood. Though she was expected to cede power to Francis and Joseph, both of whom were officially her co-rulers in Austria and Bohemia,[4] Maria Theresa was the absolute sovereign who ruled with the counsel of her advisers.[5] She criticised and disapproved of many of Joseph’s actions. Maria Theresa understood the importance of her public persona and was able to simultaneously evoke both esteem and affection from her subjects.[6]

Maria Theresa promulgated financial and educational reforms, with the assistance of Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitz and Gerard van Swieten, promoted commerce and the development of agriculture, and reorganised Austria’s ramshackle military, all of which strengthened Austria’s international standing. However, she refused to allow religious pluralism and advocated for the state church[7] and contemporary adversary travelers criticized her regime as bigoted and superstitious.[8]

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Born On This Day

1777 – Mary Reibey, Australian businesswoman (d. 1855)

Mary Reibey née Haydock (12 May 1777 – 30 May 1855) was an Australian merchant, shipowner and trader. Originally a convict deported to Australia, she was viewed by her contemporaries as a role model of success and became legendary as a successful businesswoman in the colony.

Early life
Reibey, baptised Molly Haydock, was born on 12 May 1777 in Bury, Lancashire, England. She was a businesswoman and trader. Following the death of her parents, she was reared by a grandmother and sent into service. She ran away, and was arrested for stealing a horse in August 1791.[1] At the time, she was disguised as a boy and was going under the name of James Burrow.[2] Sentenced to seven years’ transportation, she arrived in Sydney, Australia, on the Royal Admiral in October 1792.

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FYI

By CBS News: Family warns of ‘dry drowning’ after 4-year-old nearly dies
 
 
 
 
By ellizabeth Werth: The First Female Grand Prix Winner Conquered The Nürburgring And Memorized The Targa Florio
 
 
Eliška Junková (16 November 1900 – 5 January 1994)[1][2], born Alžběta Pospíšilová and also known as Elizabeth Junek, was a Czechoslovak automobile racer. She is regarded as one of the greatest female drivers in Grand Prix motor racing history, and is the first woman to win a Grand Prix event.[1]

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By Elizabeth Werth: Song Named After The World’s First Ever Monster Truck Front Flip Does Not Sound Like The World’s First Ever Monster Truck Front Flip
 
 
 
 
By AJ Dellinger: YouTube Feigns Interest In Your Digital Wellbeing With ‘Take a Break’ Notifications
The new feature is accessible by visiting your profile on the YouTube mobile app and opening the Settings menu. Under the heading “YouTube” there is a setting labeled “Remind me to take a break.” The user can choose the frequency with which YouTube delivers this notification: never, or every 15, 30, 60, 90, or 180 minutes.
 
 
 
 
By Maddie Stone: Please Enjoy These Animals the Zoos Have Kindly Rebranded For Us
 
 
 
 
Aseem Agarwala Research Scientist: Jump for joy: Google Clips captures life’s little moments
 
 
 
 
Scott Myers: Saturday Hot Links
 
 
 
 
Daniel DeLeon Student at California Polytechnic State University: One student’s quest to track endangered whales with machine learning
 
 
 
 
By Melissa Patrick: Free Rural Health Journalism Workshop in North Carolina June 8; deadline to apply for travel stipend is May 23
 
 
 
 
By Laura Hazard Owen: Indian Country Today is relaunching after shutting down last year, and hopes to raise $100K
 
 
 
 
Beyond Bylines Larry Grady: On PR Newswire: Best in Design, Best High Schools, a Chief Donut Officer?
 
 
 
 
By Henrik Edberg The Positivity Blog: 20 Small Ways to Break Out of Your Comfort Zone and Create a Positive Change Starting Today
 
 
 
 
By Henrik Edberg Daily Simplicity: 13 Habits That Will Make Your Life Lighter and Happier
 
 
 
 
The Old Motor: Four Fun Friday Fifties and Sixties Kodachrome Photographs
 
 
 
 
By Chas’ Crazy Creations: Heart Mug – Subscriber Exclusive
 
 
 
 
The Design Bungalow HometalkerNorth Conway, NH: Old Window Magical Mermaid
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: These 11 Garden Hacks Will Have You Counting Down Til Spring
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 10 Magical Inspirations For A Fairy Garden
 
 
 
 
Kelly-n-Tony Tutorial Team: 6 Kinds of Apples From 1 Little Tree!
 
 
 
 
Mary @ Home is Where the Boat Is Hometalker Sherrills Ford, NC: Create an Easy Flower Centerpiece for a Patriotic Table
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 


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