FYI October 14, 2018

On This Day

 
 
1968 – Apollo program: The first live TV broadcast by American astronauts in orbit performed by the Apollo 7 crew.
Wally Schirra
Walt Cunningham
Donn Eisele
First manned Earth orbital demonstration of Block II CSM, launched on Saturn IB. First live television publicly broadcast from a manned mission.
Apollo 7 was an October 1968 human spaceflight mission carried out by the United States. It was the first mission in the United States’ Apollo program to carry a crew into space. It was also the first U.S. spaceflight to carry astronauts since the flight of Gemini XII in November 1966. The AS-204 mission, also known as “Apollo 1”, was intended to be the first manned flight of the Apollo program. It was scheduled to launch in February 1967, but a fire in the cabin during a January 1967 test killed the crew. Manned flights were then suspended for 21 months, while the cause of the accident was investigated and improvements made to the spacecraft and safety procedures, and unmanned test flights of the Saturn V rocket and Apollo Lunar Module were made. Apollo 7 fulfilled Apollo 1’s mission of testing the Apollo Command/Service Module (CSM) in low Earth orbit.

The Apollo 7 crew was commanded by Walter M. Schirra, with senior pilot / navigator Donn F. Eisele, and pilot / systems engineer R. Walter Cunningham. Official crew titles were made consistent with those that would be used for the manned lunar landing missions: Eisele was Command Module Pilot and Cunningham was Lunar Module Pilot. Their mission was Apollo’s ‘C’ mission, an 11-day Earth-orbital test flight to check out the redesigned Block II CSM with a crew on board. It was the first time a Saturn IB vehicle put a crew into space; Apollo 7 was the first three-person American space mission, and the first to include a live TV broadcast from an American spacecraft. It was launched on October 11, 1968, from what was then known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station, Florida. Despite tension between the crew and ground controllers, the mission was a complete technical success, giving NASA the confidence to send Apollo 8 into orbit around the Moon two months later. The flight would prove to be the final space flight for all of its three crew members—and the only one for both Cunningham and Eisele—when it splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean on October 22, 1968. It was also the only manned launch from Launch Complex 34, as well as the last launch from the complex.


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JSC-498 Flight of Apollo 7

 
 

 
 
 
 

Born On This Day

 
 
1894 – Victoria Drummond, British marine engineer (d. 1978)
Victoria Alexandrina Drummond MBE (1894–1978), was the first woman marine engineer in Britain and first woman member of Institute of Marine Engineers. In World War II she served at sea as an engineering officer in the British Merchant Navy and received awards for bravery under enemy fire.

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FYI

 
 

 
 
 
 
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DriveTribe: 6 CAR COMPANIES YOU’VE NEVER HEARD OF and more->
 
 
 
 
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Children know what adults claim to have tamed in themselves: They know that violence is an antidote to fear. It is not a good antidote, but often, it is the only antidote. So the boys swung fists and lunch boxes. They kicked and bloodied each other. They fought under the stairs while some students watched, some went to tell teachers and others were too absorbed in the bright sunny day to care.
 
 
 
 
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Two Nerdy History Girls Breakfast Links Week of October 8, 2018: Dozens of costume history books to read on line via The Getty, The challenges of war to a woman: Baroness Frederika von Riedesel describes the second Battle of Saratoga, In the 1870s, a radical journalist and a photographer documented London street life with these images and more ->
 
 
 
 
Zat Rana: Why You Are Not Who You Say You Are
More and more, we live in a world where we are defined by who we say we are rather than who we really are. It seems like we would rather talk than do the work required to understand what it is that we truly embody. It’s easier to speak than to be silent, of course, so not only do we never observe the space that we need to observe to see the truth, but we don’t even give ourselves the chance to create it to begin with.
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Penolopy Bulnick: Homemade Halloween Decorations
 
 
 
 

 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 

 
 
 
 


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