Images March 01, 2017

Monte Stivo Italy. Photo by Cristina Gottardi.


Last flight gone
Hunter Davis wrote, “Winter is almost here at the South Pole. The last flight for the summer left last week. I’m just waiting for the sun to go down (which will happen around March 18) so I can photograph some stars!”


Acer negundo
Published by Daniel Mosquin on February 24, 2017

Castanea mollissima
Published by Daniel Mosquin on February 27, 2017



The Pemaquid Point Lighthouse located in Bristol, Maine. (Nikon D100 using the 18-70 zoom lens – 1/350th sec at f8). Photo by Dick Pratt.

The pesky Japanese Beetle – rather beautiful colors. Louisville, Ohio (Nikon D800 using the 24-85 zoom – 1/60th sec at f8). Photo by Dick Pratt.



Music March 01, 2017

Quotes March 01, 2017

Men build too many walls and not enough bridges.
Joseph Fort Newton



“When things are taking their ordinary course, it is hard to remember what matters.”
Marilynne Robinson, Gilead



“Give me my scallop-shell of quiet,
My staff of faith to walk upon,
My script of joy, immortal diet,
My bottle of salvation,
My gown of glory, hope’s true gage;
And thus I’ll take my pilgrimage.”
Sir Walter Raleigh, “His Pilgrimage”



“If I had a flower for every time I thought of you, I could walk in my garden forever.”
Alfred Lord Tennyson



“Keep love in your heart. A life without it is like a sunless garden when the flowers are dead.”
Oscar Wilde






“The magic of first love is our ignorance that it can never end.”
Benjamin Disraeli



“The only thing we never get enough of is love; and the only thing we never give enough of is love.”
Henry Miller


“You know its love when all you want is that person to be happy, even if you’re not part of their happiness.”
Julia Roberts



“If I know what love is, it is because of you.”
Hermann Hesse



“The way to love anything is to realize that it may be lost.”
Gilbert K. Chesterton



“When we are in love we seem to ourselves quite different from what we were before.”
Blaise Pascal



“You are every reason, every hope and every dream I’ve ever had.”
Nicolas Sparks



“I love you not only for what you are, but for what I am when I am with you.”
Roy Croft



“Love is a friendship set to music.”
Joseph Campbell




“Love takes off masks that we fear we cannot live without and know we cannot live within.”
James Baldwin



“To the world you may be one person, but to one person you are the world.”
Bill Wilson

907 Updates February 28, 2017

Jerzy Shedlock: Anchorage Jewish center receives bomb threat amid incidents nationwide


Alex DeMarban: Claiming millions of dollars missing, an Alaska exploration company sues 2 former executives


Nathaniel Herz: House leader says no to expense cuts for legislators but backs deep cuts to schools


Then they should not be in the business if even the record keeping is a hardship.
 Devin Kelly: Auctioneers, antique dealers and brokers criticize proposed Anchorage metals law


How did he try to save her?
Zaz Hollander: ‘My lost love’: Survivor of Mat-Su fire tried to save trapped girlfriend


Michelle Theriault Boots: How many moose live in Anchorage? For the first time, residents help biologists count


Tegan Hanlon:  When will the 2017 Iditarod start? (And answers to 14 other race questions)

Music February 28, 2017






Quotes February 28, 2017

“A real leader faces the music, even when he doesn’t like the tune.”



“The art of leadership is saying no, not yes.  It is very easy to say yes.”
Tony Blair



“When the effective leader is finished with his work, the people say it happened naturally.”
Lao Tzu




“Very little is needed to make a happy life; it is all within yourself, in your way of thinking.”
Marcus Aurelius


“If you want happiness for an hour — take a nap.
If you want happiness for a day — go fishing.
If you want happiness for a year — inherit a fortune.
If you want happiness for a lifetime — help someone else.”
Chinese Proverb



The best art, I would say, is to give form to more sublime instincts or sublime states of mind. So, we give form to our spiritual condition, our spiritual state. This is what it means to give form to the formless.
Ron Nakasone


No human ever became interesting by not failing. The more you fail and recover and improve, the better you are as a person. Ever meet someone who’s always had everything work out for them with zero struggle? They usually have the depth of a puddle. Or they don’t exist.
Chris Hardwick





No man ever achieved worth-while success who did not, at one time or other, find himself with at least one foot hanging well over the brink of failure.
Napoleon Hill




I will not be poisoned by your bitterness.
Anne of Green Gables



You are far too smart to be the only thing standing in your way.
Jennifer J. Freeman



“Detach from what destroys you.”
R.H. Sin



What will matter is the good we did, not the good we expected others to do.
Elizabeth Lesser



“If you laugh, you think, and you cry, that’s a full day. That’s a heck of a day. You do that seven days a week, you’re going to have something special.”
Coach Jim Valvano



Listening has the quality of the wizard’s alchemy. It has the power to melt armor and produce beauty in the midst of hatred.
Brian Muldoon




You are always one decision away from a totally different life.



Don’t concern yourself with things that don’t concern you.  If it’s not your business, don’t make it your burden.



Feel the fear and do it anyway.


FYI February 28, 2017


The 2 Minutes Microwave Chocolate Souffle (Molten Lava Cake)


FAT TUESDAY – Day Before Ash Wednesday



On this day:

1939 – The erroneous word “dord” is discovered in the Webster’s New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation
The word dord is a notable error in lexicography, an accidental creation, or ghost word, of the G. and C. Merriam Company’s staff in the second (1934) edition of its New International Dictionary, in which the term is defined as “density”.

Philip Babcock Gove, an editor at Merriam-Webster who became editor-in-chief of Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, wrote a letter to the journal American Speech, fifteen years after the error was caught, in which he explained why “dord” was included in that dictionary.[1]

On July 31, 1931, Austin M. Patterson, Webster’s chemistry editor, sent in a slip reading “D or d, cont./density.” This was intended to add “density” to the existing list of words that the letter “D” can abbreviate. The slip somehow went astray, and the phrase “D or d” was misinterpreted as a single, run-together word: Dord (This was a plausible mistake because headwords on slips were typed with spaces between the letters, making “D or d” look very much like “D o r d”). A new slip was prepared for the printer and a part of speech assigned along with a pronunciation. The would-be word got past proofreaders and appeared on page 771 of the dictionary around 1934.[1]

On February 28, 1939, an editor noticed “dord” lacked an etymology and investigated. Soon an order was sent to the printer marked “plate change/imperative/urgent”. In 1940, bound books began appearing without the ghost word but with a new abbreviation (although inspection of printed copies well into the 1940s show “dord” still present).[2] The non-word “dord” was excised, and the definition of the adjacent entry “Doré furnace” was expanded from “A furnace for refining dore bullion” to “a furnace in which dore bullion is refined” to close up the space. Gove wrote that this was “probably too bad, for why shouldn’t dord mean ‘density’?”[1] The entry “dord” was not removed until 1947.[3]







Born on this day:

1896 – Philip Showalter Hench, American physician and endocrinologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
Philip Showalter Hench (February 28, 1896 – March 30, 1965) was an American physician. Hench, along with his Mayo Clinic co-worker Edward Calvin Kendall and Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1950 for the discovery of the hormone cortisone, and its application for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The Nobel Committee bestowed the award for the trio’s “discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects.”[1]

Hench received his undergraduate education at Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, and received his medical training at the United States Army Medical Corps and the University of Pittsburgh. He began working at Mayo Clinic in 1923, later serving as the head of the Department of Rheumatology. In addition to the Nobel Prize, Hench received many other awards and honors throughout his career. He also had a lifelong interest in the history and discovery of yellow fever.

Early life and education
He attended Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, where he obtained his Bachelor of Arts in 1916. After serving in the Medical Corps of the U.S. Army and the reserve corps to finish his medical training, he was awarded a doctorate in medicine from the University of Pittsburgh in 1920.[2] Immediately after finishing his medical degree, Hench spent a year as an intern at St. Francis Hospital in Pittsburgh, and then he subsequently became a Fellow of the Mayo Foundation.[2]

In 1928 and 1929, Hench furthered his education at Freiburg University and the von Müller Clinic in Munich.[2]

Medical career
Hench started his career at Mayo Clinic in 1923, working in the Department of Rheumatic Diseases. In 1926, he became the head of the department. While at Mayo Clinic, Hench focused his work on arthritic diseases, where his observations led him to hypothesize that steroids alleviated pain associated with the disease.[2] During this same time, biochemist Edward Calvin Kendall has isolated several steroids from the adrenal gland cortex. After several years of work, the duo decided to try one of these steroids (dubbed Compound E at the time, later to become known as cortisone) on patients afflicted by rheumatoid arthritis.[2] Testing of the hypothesis was delayed because the synthesis of Compound E was costly and time-consuming, and Hench served in the military during World War II. The tests were conducted successfully in 1948 and 1949.[2]

Hench, Kendall and Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein were awarded the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects.”[1] As of the 2010 prizes, Hench and Kendall are the only two Nobel laureates affiliated with Mayo Clinic.[3] Hench’s Nobel Lecture was directly related to the research he was honored for, and titled “The Reversibility of Certain Rheumatic and Non-Rheumatic Conditions by the Use of Cortisone Or of the Pituitary Adrenocorticotropic Hormone”.[4] His speech at the banquet during the award ceremony acknowledged the connections between the study of medicine and chemistry, saying of his co-winners “Perhaps the ratio of one physician to two chemists is symbolic, since medicine is so firmly linked to chemistry by a double bond.”[5]

During his career, Hench was one of the founding members of the American Rheumatism Association, and served as its president in 1940 and 1941.[6] In addition to the Nobel Prize, Hench has been awarded the Heberdeen Medal (1942), the Lasker Award (1949), the Passano Foundation Award (1950), and the Criss Award.[2] Lafayette College, Washington and Jefferson College, Western Reserve University, the National University of Ireland and the University of Pittsburgh awarded Hench honorary doctorates.[2]

In addition to his work with cortisone, Hench had a career long interest in yellow fever. Starting in 1937, Hench began to document the history behind the discovery of yellow fever. His collection of documents on this subject are at the University of Virginia in the Philip S. Hench Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection.[7] His wife donated the collection to the university after his death.[8]

Hench married Mary Kahler in 1927.[2] His father-in-law, John Henry Kahler, was a friend of Mayo Clinic founder William J. Mayo.[9] Hench and his wife had four children, two daughters and two sons.[2] His son, Philip Kahler Hench also studied rheumatology.[10] Hench died of pneumonia while on vacation in Ocho Rios, Jamaica in 1965.[6]




1929 – Rangaswamy Srinivasan, Indian-American physical chemist and inventor
Rangaswamy Srinivasan (born February 28, 1929, Madras, India[1]) is a physical chemist and inventor with a 30-year career at IBM Research. He has developed techniques for ablative photodecomposition and used them to contribute to the development of LASIK eye surgery. He received the National Medal of Technology from President Obama on February 2, 2013 for his contributions to laser eye surgery.

Srinivasan was born in India on February 28, 1929.[2] Srinivasan received both bachelor’s and master’s degrees in science from the University of Madras, in 1949 and 1950.[2] In 1953 he moved to the United States to attend graduate school. He earned a doctorate in physical chemistry at the University of Southern California in 1956, studying protein chemistry with chemical kineticist Sidney W. Benson.[3] He held postdoctoral positions at the California Institute of Technology in 1956, and at the University of Rochester from 1957 to 1961.[4]

Srinivasan has spent a thirty-year career, from 1961 to 1990, at IBM’s T. J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York. He joined the research staff in 1961, and was promoted to “manager of fundamental photochemical research” in 1963.[5] His research group has studied ultraviolet light and its effects on organic matter.[4]

In 1981, Srinivasan and his coworkers determined that an ultraviolet excimer laser could be used to etch designs into polymers. The technique has since been used in the computer industry to drill polymers to create computer circuit boards and ink jet printer nozzles.[6]

Srinivasan, physicist James J. Wynne and materials scientist Samuel Blum speculated that it might also be possible to use excimer lasers on living tissue. On November 27, 1981, Srinivasan experimented with the remains of his family’s Thanksgiving turkey, and proved that it was possible to create precisely-etched patterns.[5][7][8] An ultraviolet excimer laser pulsed at 193 nm was able to etch living tissue precisely without causing any thermal damage to surrounding area. Srinivasan named the technique Ablative Photodecomposition (APD),[4] a type of Laser ablation.[9]

In 1983, ophthalmic surgeon Stephen Trokel approached Srinivasan about the possibility of using APD for surgery of the cornea. The collaboration of Srinivasan, Trokel, and Bodil Braren led to development of LASIK eye surgery, a technique for reshaping the cornea to correct visual issues such as myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. In 1995, a commercial system for laser refractive surgery was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.[7]

Srinivasan has published over 130 scientific papers and holds at least 22 US patents.[4] A patent application filed by Stephen Trokel in 1992, claiming a LASIK surgery technique as his sole invention, was declared invalid in 2000 by an International Trade Commission ruling that found that Srinivasan should have been included as a co-author.[10]

In 1990, Srinivasan formed a consulting company, UVTech Associates.[4]

External video Excimer-Laser-MEL80.jpg
2013 Russ Prize, Ohio University

In 1997, Srinivasan was awarded the American Chemical Society’s Award for Creative Invention,[11] and the ACS North East Section’s Esselen Medal.[12]

In 1998, Srinivasan was awarded the Max Delbruck Prize in Biological Physics by the American Physical Society.[13]

In 1999, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering.[14]

In 2002, he was inducted into the US National Inventors Hall of Fame.[2]

In 2004, he received the Prize for Industrial Applications of Physics from the American Institute of Physics.[4]

In 2011, Srinivasan, Wynne, and Blum received the Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize from Ohio University and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) for their work, “a bioengineering achievement that significantly improves the human condition.”[5]

In 2012, Srinivasan, Wynne, and Blum were named as recipients of the National Medal of Technology and Innovation.[15] The award was presented on February 1, 2013 by President Barack Obama, to acknowledge their work with the Excimer laser, leading to the development of LASIK Surgery.[16][17]






Farewell: Joseph Albert Wapner (November 15, 1919 – February 26, 2017)
Joseph Albert Wapner (November 15, 1919 – February 26, 2017) was an American judge and television personality. He was the first star of the ongoing reality courtroom series The People’s Court. The court show’s first run in syndication, with Wapner presiding as judge, lasted from 1981 to 1993, for 12 seasons and 2,484 episodes. While the show’s second run has been presided over by multiple judges, Wapner was the sole judge to preside during the court show’s first run.

Wapner’s tenure on the program made him the first jurist of arbitration-based reality court shows, what is now a most popular trend in the judicial genre. Until the summer of 2013, Wapner also held the title of longest reigning arbiter over The People’s Court. However, by completion of the court show’s 2012–2013 season, Marilyn Milian captured this title from him and became the longest-reigning judge over the series. Five years after presiding over The People’s Court, Wapner returned to television as a judge on the nontraditional courtroom series, Judge Wapner’s Animal Court, lasting for two seasons (1998–1999 and 1999–2000).




Stella: In 1973, Spanish architect Ricardo Bofill purchased a WWI-era cement factory near Barcelona
Ricardo Bofill




Darla the tutu wearing therapy chicken

Darla the tutu wearing therapy chicken



Courtesy of Just A Car Guy
A stunning scene of a former C and O cantilever signal glowing brightly against the snow along the CSX main line near Pence Springs, West Virginia on February 19, 2012.
In September of 1825 the steam-powered, Stockton and Darlington began service on a standard-gauged right-of-way of 4-feet, 8 1/2-inches.
The width was based upon ancient Roman chariot roads and championed by locomotive builders George and Robert Stephenson, earning it the name “Stephenson Gauge.”

Railroad Infrastructure, The Backbone Of How Trains Operate





Women Who Draw



Get Daily Art



Images February 28, 2017

A stack of moon images from Friday morning (February 24, 2017) taken at 1 minute intervals as the moon rose from the horizon, by Ken Christison.

Photo by Owen Walters.





Shorpy February 28, 2017

San Francisco circa 1923. “Jordan Playboy roadster.” A car famous for the ad copy that sold it. 5×7 glass negative by Christopher Helin. View full size.
Somewhere west of Laramie there’s a broncho-busting, steer-roping girl who knows what I’m talking about. She can tell what a sassy pony, that’s a cross between greased lightning and the place where it hits, can do with eleven hundred pounds of steel and action when he’s going high, wide and handsome. The truth is — the Playboy was built for her. Built for the lass whose face is brown with the sun when the day is done of revel and romp and race. She loves the cross of the wild and the tame. There’s a savor of links about that car — of laughter and lilt and light — a hint of old loves — and saddle and quirt. It’s a brawny thing — yet a graceful thing for the sweep o’ of the Avenue. Step into the Playboy when the hour grows dull with things dead and stale. Then start for the land of real living with the spirit of the lass who rides, lean and rangy, into the red horizon of a Wyoming twilight.


1935. “Edgemont, Keene vicinity, Albemarle County, Virginia. Structure dates to 1806. Was the home of Col. James Powell Cocke. Designed by Thomas Jefferson after the Villa Rotunda design of Palladio.” 8×10 negative by Frances Benjamin Johnston, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South.


October 1939. Greeley, Colorado. “Mrs. Milton Robinson, wife of Farm Security Administration borrower, in the kitchen of her farm home.” Medium format nitrate negative by Arthur Rothstein for the FSA.

907 Updates February 27, 2017

Unstable soil, Tank farms, Military jets, Railroad are just a few things to consider for ambiance~
Annie Zak: Ship Creek development leaves some worrying: What if there’s an earthquake?


Nathaniel Herz:  Lunches, cell phones, and airport lounge fees: How some Alaska lawmakers use leftover campaign cash



No one saw this coming? If they go dry, then there is no booze to steal.  Problem solved?  
Lisa Demer: Emmonak goes damp and finds a warehouse is targeted by booze thieves



Congratulations Roxy Wright!
Stephan Wiebe: Wright wins 4th Fur Rondy sled dog title – her first in 24 years



Suzanna Caldwell: At Alaska’s only seed-cleaning facility, things are really shakin’