Quotes January 13, 2017

“Trust yourself. Create the kind of self that you will be happy to live with all your life. Make the most of yourself by fanning the tiny, inner sparks of possibility into flames of achievement.”
Golda Meir

 

 

 

“Talk to yourself like you would to someone you love.”
Brene Brown

 

 

 

“Always be yourself and have faith in yourself. Do not go out and look for a successful personality and try to duplicate it.”
Bruce Lee

 

 

 

“I had to grow to love my body. I did not have a good self-image at first. Finally it occurred to me, I’m either going to love me or hate me. And I chose to love myself. Then everything kind of sprung from there. Things that I thought weren’t attractive became sexy. Confidence makes you sexy.”
Queen Latifah

 

 

 

“If you really put a small value upon yourself, rest assured that the world will not raise your price.”
Unknown

 

 

 

“Shyness has a strange element of narcissism, a belief that how we look, how we perform, is truly important to other people.”
Andre Dubus

 

 

 

“You have to expect things of yourself before you can do them.”
Michael Jordan

 

 

 

“The way to develop self-confidence is to do the thing you fear and get a record of successful experiences behind you.”
William Jennings Bryan

 

 

 

“Low self-confidence isn’t a life sentence. Self-confidence can be learned, practiced, and mastered–just like any other skill. Once you master it, everything in your life will change for the better.”
Barrie Davenport

 

 

 

“Once we believe in ourselves, we can risk curiosity, wonder, spontaneous delight, or any experience that reveals the human spirit.”
E.E. Cummings

 

 

 

“But failure has to be an option in art and in exploration–because it’s a leap of faith. And no important endeavor that required innovation was done without risk. You have to be willing to take those risks …”
James Cameron

 

 

 

“Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure. It is our light, not our darkness, that most frightens us. We ask ourselves, ‘Who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, talented, fabulous?’ Actually, who are you not to be?”
Marianne Williamson

 

 

 

“Trust yourself. You know more than you think you do.”
Dr. Benjamin Spock

 

 

 

“If you are insecure, guess what? The rest of the world is, too. Do not overestimate the competition and underestimate yourself. You are better than you think.”
“Successful people have fear, successful people have doubts, and successful people have worries. They just don’t let these feelings stop them.”
T. Harv Eker

 

 

 

“You can have anything you want if you are willing to give up the belief that you can’t have it.”
Dr. Robert Anthony

 

 

 

“Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence.”
Helen Keller

 

 

 

Sometimes we have the dream but we are not ourselves ready for the dream. We have to grow to meet it.
Louis L’Amour,
writer

 

 

 

“When you arise in the morning, think of what a precious privilege it is to be alive – to breathe, to think, to enjoy, to love.”
Marcus Aurelius

 

 

 

“So many fail because they don’t get started – they don’t go. They don’t overcome inertia. They don’t begin.”
W. Clement Stone

Images January 13, 2017

 

Jenney Disimon wrote on January 11: “Waxing towards the Wolf Moon, over Sabah, North Borneo.”

 

January 11 moon over Meaux, France by Patrick Casaert of La Lune The Moon

January 11 moonrise in Madrid, Spain via Annie Lewis.

Anthony Heflin wrote: “An amazing night spent laying by a fire and looking up. You never know what surprises the night will bring.”

Almost full moon on January 11, over Dundee, Scotland. Photo via Michael Walton.

Susan Kaohelaulii wrote on January 10: “Almost full Moon over Kauai, with some volcanic haze.”

 

Richard Lakhan in Trinidad wrote: “So much for the Wolf Moon … I saw a bird!”

 

 

Twilight at Monte Stivo, Italy. Photo by Cristina Gottardi.

 

Monte Altissimo Di Nago, Italy. Photo by Cristina Gottardi.

Pregasina, Italy. Photo by Cristina Gottardi.

 

North Bay, Canada resident Timothy Joseph Elzinga recently sighted light pillars in the night sky after being awoken by his son in the middle of the night.
According to CBC News:
“Light pillars appear when either natural or artificial light bounces off ice crystals floating close to the ground. In this case, the air was so cold that ice crystals were forming in the air, reflecting the city’s street and business lights.”

FYI January 12, 2017

On this day:

1554 – Bayinnaung, who would go on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia, is crowned King of Burma.
Bayinnaung Kyawhtin Nawrahta (ဘုရင့်နောင် ကျော်ထင်နော်ရထာ [bəjɪ̰ɴ nàʊɴ tɕɔ̀ tʰɪ̀ɴ nɔ̀jətʰà]; Thai: บุเรงนองกะยอดินนรธา, rtgs: Burengnong Kayodin Noratha; 16 January 1516 – 10 October 1581) was king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1550 to 1581. During his 31-year reign, which has been called the “greatest explosion of human energy ever seen in Burma”, Bayinnaung assembled the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia, which included much of modern-day Burma, Chinese Shan states, Lan Na, Lan Xang, Manipur and Siam.[1]

Although he is best remembered for his empire building, Bayinnaung’s greatest legacy was his integration of the Shan states into the Irrawaddy-valley-based kingdoms. After the conquest of the Shan states in 1557–1563, the king put in an administrative system that reduced the power of hereditary Shan saophas, and brought Shan customs in line with low-land norms. It eliminated the threat of Shan raids into Upper Burma, an overhanging concern to Upper Burma since the late 13th century. His Shan policy was followed by Burmese kings right up to the final fall of the kingdom to the British in 1885.[2]

He could not replicate this administrative policy everywhere in his far flung empire, however. His empire was a loose collection of former sovereign kingdoms, whose kings were loyal to him as the Cakkavatti (Universal Ruler), not the Kingdom of Toungoo. Indeed, Ava and Siam revolted just over two years after his death. By 1599, all the vassal states had revolted, and the Toungoo Empire completely collapsed.

He is considered one of the three greatest kings of Burma, along with Anawrahta and Alaungpaya. Some of the most prominent places in modern Myanmar are named after him. He is also well known in Thailand as Phra Chao Chana Sip Thit (พระเจ้าชนะสิบทิศ, “King of the Ten Directions”).

 

1866 – The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
The Society was founded in January 1866 with the name “The Aeronautical Society of Great Britain” and is the oldest aeronautical society in the world.[6] Early or founding members included James Glaisher, Francis Wenham, the Duke of Argyll, and Frederick Brearey.[7] In the first year, there were 65 members, at the end of the second year, 91 members, and in the third year, 106 members.[8] Annual reports were produced in the first decades. In 1868 the Society held a major exhibition at London’s Crystal Palace with 78 entries. John Stringfellow’s steam engine was shown there.[8][9][10] The Society sponsored the first wind tunnel in 1870-71, designed by Wenham and Browning.[8]

In 1918, the organization’s name was changed to the Royal Aeronautical Society.[11]

In 1923 its principal journal was renamed from The Aeronautical Journal to The Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society and in 1927 the Institution of Aeronautical Engineers Journal was merged into it.[12]

In 1940, the RAeS responded to the wartime need to expand the aircraft industry. The Society established a Technical Department to bring together the best available knowledge and present it in an authoritative and accessible form – a working tool for engineers who might come from other industries and lack the specialised knowledge required for aircraft design. This technical department became known as the Engineering Sciences Data Unit (ESDU) and eventually became a separate entity in the 1980s.

In 1987 the ‘Society of Licensed Aircraft Engineers and Technologists’, previously called the ‘Society of Licensed Aircraft Engineers’ was incorporated into the Royal Aeronautical Society.

 

1967 – Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.
James Hiram Bedford (April 20, 1893 – January 12, 1967) was a University of California psychology professor who wrote several books on occupational counseling.[1] He is the first person whose body was cryopreserved after legal death, and who remains preserved at the Alcor Life Extension Foundation.[2][3][4]
In June 1965, Ev Cooper’s Life Extension Society (LES) offered the opportunity to preserve one person free of charge, stating that “the Life Extension Society now has primitive facilities for emergency short term freezing and storing our friend the large homeotherm (man). LES offers to freeze free of charge the first person desirous and in need of cryogenic suspension.” Bedford took the opportunity and was established as their candidate. Bedford suffered from kidney cancer that had later metastasized into his lungs, a condition that was untreatable at the time.[5] Bedford left $100,000 to cryonics research in his will, but more than this amount was utilized by Bedford’s wife and son in court, having to defend his will and his cryopreservation due to arguments created by other relatives.[5]

Bedford’s body was frozen a few hours after his death, due to natural causes related to his cancer.[5] His body was preserved by Robert Prehoda (author of the 1969 book Suspended Animation), Dr. Dante Brunol (physician and biophysicist) and Robert Nelson (President of the Cryonics Society of California). Nelson then wrote a book about the subject titled We Froze the First Man. Compared to those employed by modern cryonics organizations, the use of cryoprotectants in Bedford’s case was primitive. He was injected with dimethyl sulfoxide, a compound once thought to be useful for long-term cryogenics, so it is unlikely that his brain was protected. Vitrification was not yet possible, further limiting the possibility of Bedford’s eventual recovery. In his first suspended animation stages, his body was stored at Edward Hope’s Cryo-Care facility in Phoenix, Arizona, for two years, then in 1969 moved to the Galiso facility in California. Bedford’s body was moved from Galiso in 1973 to Trans Time near Berkeley, California, until 1977, before being stored by his son for many years.[5]

Bedford’s body was maintained in liquid nitrogen by his family in southern California until 1982, when it was then moved to Alcor Life Extension Foundation, and has remained in Alcor’s care to the present day.[6] In May 1991, his body’s condition was evaluated when he was moved to a new storage dewar. The examiners concluded that “it seems likely that his external temperature has remained at relatively low subzero temperatures throughout the storage interval.”[7]

 

 

1991 – Persian Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of American military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.
The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 1990 – 17 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

The war is also known under other names, such as the Persian Gulf War, First Gulf War, Gulf War I, Kuwait War, First Iraq War, or Iraq War[24][25][26][a] before the term “Iraq War” became identified instead with the 2003 Iraq War (also referred to in the US as “Operation Iraqi Freedom”).[27] The Iraqi Army’s occupation of Kuwait that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation, and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council. US President George H. W. Bush deployed US forces into Saudi Arabia, and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene. An array of nations joined the coalition, the largest military alliance since World War II. The great majority of the coalition’s military forces were from the US, with Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, and Egypt as leading contributors, in that order. Kuwait and Saudi Arabia paid around US$32 billion of the US$60 billion cost.[28]

The war was marked by the introduction of live news broadcasts from the front lines of the battle, principally by the US network CNN.[29][30][31] The war has also earned the nickname Video Game War after the daily broadcast of images from cameras on board US bombers during Operation Desert Storm.[32][33]

The initial conflict to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait began with an aerial and naval bombardment on 17 January 1991, continuing for five weeks. This was followed by a ground assault on 24 February. This was a decisive victory for the coalition forces, who liberated Kuwait and advanced into Iraqi territory. The coalition ceased its advance, and declared a ceasefire 100 hours after the ground campaign started. Aerial and ground combat was confined to Iraq, Kuwait, and areas on Saudi Arabia’s border. Iraq launched Scud missiles against coalition military targets in Saudi Arabia and against Israel.

 

 

Born on this day:

1577 – Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist and physician (d. 1644))
Jan Baptist van Helmont (/ˈhɛlmɒnt/;[2] Dutch: [ˈɦɛlmɔnt]; 12 January 1580 – 30 December 1644) was a Flemish chemist, physiologist, and physician. He worked during the years just after Paracelsus and iatrochemistry, and is sometimes considered to be “the founder of pneumatic chemistry”.[3] Van Helmont is remembered today largely for his ideas on spontaneous generation, his 5-year tree experiment, and his introduction of the word “gas” (from the Greek word chaos) into the vocabulary of scientists.
Van Helmont is regarded as the founder of pneumatic chemistry,[3] as he was the first to understand that there are gases distinct in kind from atmospheric air and furthermore invented the word “gas”.[6] He perceived that his “gas sylvestre” (carbon dioxide) given off by burning charcoal, was the same as that produced by fermenting must, which sometimes renders the air of caves unbreathable. For Van Helmont, air and water were the two primitive elements. Fire he explicitly denied to be an element, and earth is not one because it can be reduced to water.

On the one hand, Van Helmont was a disciple of Paracelsus (though he scornfully repudiated his errors as well as those of most other contemporary authorities), a mystic and alchemist. On the other hand, he engaged in the new learning based on experimentation that was producing men like William Harvey, Galileo Galilei and Francis Bacon. Van Helmont was a careful observer of nature; it can be inferred that from his analysis of data gathered in his experiments suggested he had a concept of the conservation of mass. He performed an experiment to determine where plants get their mass. He grew a willow tree and measured the amount of soil, the weight of the tree and the water he added. After five years the plant had gained about 164 lbs (74 kg). Since the amount of soil was basically the same as it had been when he started his experiment (it lost only 57 grams), he deduced that the tree’s weight gain had come from water. Since it had received nothing but water and the soil weighed practically the same as at the beginning, he argued that the increased weight of wood, bark and roots had been formed from water.

 

1799 – Priscilla Susan Bury, British botanist (d. 1872)
Priscilla Susan Bury, born Falkner (12 January 1799 Liverpool – 8 March 1872 Croydon), was an English botanist and illustrator.

Daughter of a rich Liverpool merchant, she married on 4 March 1830 Edward Bury (1794-1858), a noted railway engineer. Working with amateur botanist William Roscoe (1753-1831), she published in 1831-1834 A Selection of Hexandrian Plants. The engraving was entrusted to the Londoner Robert Havell, engraver of the John James Audubon (1785-1851) plates. The book was carried out in aquatint and the 350 plant drawings painted in part by hand. The subscribers to this large folio numbered only 79, mostly from the Lancashire region, Audubon being one of them. The book was described as “one of the most effective colour-plate folios of its period” by Wilfrid Jasper Walter Blunt in his The Art of Botanical Illustration.[1]

Bury was also the author of illustrations for The Botanist of Benjamin Maund (1790-1863).[2]
The standard author abbreviation Bury is used to indicate this individual as the author when citing a botanical name.[3]

 

 

 

FYI:

Look up the phase of the moon for any date

 

Full moonrise, by Mohamed Laaifat Photographies in Normandy, France.

 

Joan Reeves: 12 Blog Tips for 2017

 

 

GSA Real Property Utilization and Disposal

 

Featured Gem below:

SALE COMING SOON! Former Military Housing, Jefferson Barracks Historic District, St. Louis, MO

SALE COMING SOON! Former Military Housing, Jefferson Barracks Historic District, St. Louis, MO
Property Address:     90 91 92 Grant Road,St. Louis, MO,63125
Property Type:     Multi-Residential
Last Updated:     1/11/2017
Details:
SALE COMING SOON!

Former Military Housing with beautiful view of the Mississippi River! Three two story buildings (each duplex) with full basement constructed in 1939 and located in the Jefferson Barracks Historic District. Each duplex contains 3,225 sq. ft.+/-.including basement/garage area  Each duplex has first floor with living room combo sunroom, dining room, kitchen and bonus room (former maid’s quarters). Second floor has three bedrooms and two bathrooms. Garages are available for each unit with basement access and additional rooms in the basement area.

Buildings have some interior damage due to water infiltration.

 

 

Beautiful Tok, AK:

Tok, AK USCG 4-plex
Property Address: West Willow Way & West C Street,Tok, AK,99780

Tok, AK USCG 4-plex
Property Address:     West Willow Way & West C Street,Tok, AK,99780
Property Type:     Residential
Last Updated:     1/5/2017
Details:
COMING SOON! Beautiful, remote Tok, Alaska! 90 miles from the Yukon terriotry at the junction of the Alaska Highway with the Glenn Highway! USCG 4-PLEX, West “C” and Willow, Units A,B,C &D, Tok, AK 99780. All 4 units to be sold together. 1.25 acres, 10,732 sf.

 

Tok, AK USCG duplex
Property Address: Jackie Circle,Tok, AK,99780

Tok, AK USCG duplex
Property Address:     Jackie Circle,Tok, AK,99780
Property Type:     Residential
Last Updated:     1/5/2017
Details:
COMING SOON! Beautiful, remote Tok, Alaska! 90 miles from the Yukon terriotry at the junction of the Alaska Highway with the Glenn Highway! USCG Duplex, Units A & B, Jackie Circle, Tok, AK 99780. Duplex to be sold in its entirety. 2 acres, 6,735 sf

Images January 12, 2017

 

 

 

Shorpy January 12, 2017

Circa 1905. “Superior Avenue, Cleveland.” Landmarks include the Arcade Building at right, Hollenden Hotel and newspaper offices of the Cleveland Plain Dealer. 8×10 inch dry plate glass negative, Detroit Publishing Company.

 

 

April 1943. Washington, D.C. “Jitterbugs at an Elks Club dance, the ‘cleanest dance in town’.” Photo by Esther Bubley, Office of War Information.

907 Updates January 12, 2017

How do the children and their father recover from divorce, mom hooked up with murderer, (Santiago mentally ill or not)  and loss of their home?
Laurel Andrews: Nobody hurt as Bird Creek home destroyed by fire
The fire was in a single-family home adjacent to Birdhouse Garage, a business owned by William Peterson, according to public records. Peterson is the ex-husband of Gina Peterson, who has been the girlfriend of Fort Lauderdale, Florida, airport shooting suspect Esteban Santiago.

 

Steve Meyer: Malicious or magnificent? Why the AR-15 is America’s most popular rifle

Quotes January 12, 2017

“You are the only person on earth who can use your ability.”
Zig Ziglar

 

“Because one believes in oneself, one doesn’t try to convince others. Because one is content with oneself, one doesn’t need others’ approval. Because one accepts oneself, the whole world accepts him or her.”
Lao Tzu

 

“Confidence is preparation.  Everything else is beyond your control.”
Richard Kline

 

“Life is not easy for any of us. But what of that? We must have perseverance and above all confidence in ourselves. We must believe that we are gifted for something, and that this thing, at whatever cost, must be attained.”
Marie Curie

 

“Have confidence that if you have done a little thing well, you can do a bigger thing well too.”
David Storey

 

“With realization of one’s own potential and self-confidence in one’s ability, one can build a better world.”
Dalai Lama

 

“The courage to be is the courage to accept oneself, in spite of being unacceptable.”
Paul Tillich

 

“Don’t you dare, for one more second, surround yourself with people who are not aware of the greatness that you are.”
Jo Blackwell-Preston

 

“To love yourself right now, just as you are, is to give yourself heaven. Don’t wait until you die. If you wait, you die now. If you love, you live now.”
“Wouldn’t it be powerful if you fell in love with yourself so deeply that you would do just about anything if you knew it would make you happy? This is precisely how much life loves you and wants you to nurture yourself. The deeper you love yourself, the more the universe will affirm your worth. Then you can enjoy a lifelong love affair that brings you the richest fulfillment from inside out.”
Alan Cohen

Videos January 12, 2017

 

 

 

1. Be adventurous
He developed an early interest in music although his attempts to succeed as a pop star during much of the 1960s were frustrating.

2. Do something artistically valid
“Space Oddity” became his first top five entry on the UK Singles Chart after its release in July 1969.

3. Learn from bad experiences
After a period of experimentation, he re-emerged in 1972 during the glam rock era with his flamboyant and androgynous alter ego Ziggy Stardust.

4. Find your creative process
His impact at that time, as described by biographer David Buckley, “challenged the core belief of the rock music of its day”.

5. Do what you like doing
The relatively short-lived Ziggy persona proved to be one facet of a career marked by reinvention and musical innovation.

6. Try something new
In 1975, he achieved his first major American crossover success with the number-one single “Fame” and the album Young Americans.

7. #Believe in your work
Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, He continued to experiment with musical styles, including blue-eyed soul, industrial, and jungle.

8. Your work is never finished
He also had a successful, but sporadic film career.

9. Follow your passion
Throughout his career, he sold an estimated 140 million records worldwide.

10. Make yourself happy
He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996.

 

When asked if he had advice for musicians, Bowie replied: “Yes, never play at a gallery. [Laughs] I think. But you never learn that until much later on. But never work for other people at what you do. Always… always remember that the reason that you initially started working was that there was something inside yourself that you felt, that if you could manifest it in some way, you would understand more about yourself and how you coexist with the rest of society. And I — I think it’s terribly dangerous for an artist to fulfill other people’s expectations; I think they produce — they generally produce their worst work when they do that. And if — the other thing I would say is that if you feel safe in the area you’re working in, you’re not working in the right area. Always go a little further into the water than you feel you’re capable of being in, go a little out of your depth, and when you don’t feel that your feet are quite touching the bottom, you’re just about in the right place to do something exciting.”

 

 

FYI January 11, 2017

 

On this day:

1569 – First recorded lottery in England.
Although the English probably first experimented with raffles and similar games of chance, the first recorded official lottery was chartered by Queen Elizabeth I, in the year 1566, and was drawn in 1569. This lottery was designed to raise money for the “reparation of the havens and strength of the Realme, and towardes such other publique good workes”. Each ticket holder won a prize, and the total value of the prizes equalled the money raised. Prizes were in the form of silver plate and other valuable commodities. The lottery was promoted by scrolls posted throughout the country showing sketches of the prizes.[3]

Thus, the lottery money received was an interest free loan to the government during the three years that the tickets (‘without any Blankes’) were sold. In later years, the government sold the lottery ticket rights to brokers, who in turn hired agents and runners to sell them. These brokers eventually became the modern day stockbrokers for various commercial ventures. Most people could not afford the entire cost of a lottery ticket, so the brokers would sell shares in a ticket; this resulted in tickets being issued with a notation such as “Sixteenth” or “Third Class”.

Many private lotteries were held, including raising money for The Virginia Company of London to support its settlement in America at Jamestown. The English State Lottery ran from 1694 until 1826. Thus, the English lotteries ran for over 250 years, until the government, under constant pressure from the opposition in parliament, declared a final lottery in 1826. This lottery was held up to ridicule by contemporary commentators as “the last struggle of the speculators on public credulity for popularity to their last dying lottery”.

 

1949 – The first “networked” television broadcasts took place as KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania goes on the air connecting the east coast and mid-west programming.
The station went on the air on January 11, 1949, as WDTV (“W DuMont TeleVision”) on channel 3; it was owned and operated by the DuMont Television Network.[2] It was the 51st television station in the U.S., the third and last DuMont-owned station to sign on the air, behind WABD (now WNYW) in New York City and WTTG in Washington, D.C., and the first owned-and-operated station in the state of Pennsylvania. To mark the occasion, a live television special aired that day from 8:30 to 11 p.m. ET on WDTV, which began with a one-hour local program broadcast from Syria Mosque in Pittsburgh. The remainder of the show featured live segments from DuMont, CBS, NBC, and ABC with Arthur Godfrey, Milton Berle, DuMont host Ted Steele, and many other celebrities.[3]

 

2003 – Illinois Governor George Ryan commutes the death sentences of 167 prisoners on Illinois’s death row based on the Jon Burge scandal.
George Homer Ryan, Sr. (born February 24, 1934) was the 39th Governor of the U.S. state of Illinois from 1999 until 2003. He was a member of the Republican Party. Ryan received national attention for his 1999 moratorium on executions in Illinois and for commuting more than 160 death sentences to life sentences in 2003. He was later convicted of federal corruption charges and spent more than five years in federal prison and seven months of home confinement. He was released from federal prison on July 3, 2013.

Jon Graham Burge (born December 20, 1947) is a convicted felon and former Chicago Police Department detective and commander who gained notoriety for torturing more than 200 criminal suspects between 1972 and 1991 in order to force confessions. A decorated United States Army veteran, Burge served tours in South Korea and Vietnam and continued as an enlisted United States Army Reserve soldier where he served in the military police. He then returned to the South Side of Chicago and began his career as a police officer. Allegations were made about the methods of Burge and those under his command. Eventually, hundreds of similar reports resulted in a decision by Illinois Governor George Ryan to declare a moratorium on death penalty executions in Illinois in 2000 and to clear the state’s death row in 2003.

The most controversial arrests began in February 1982, in the midst of a series of shootings of Chicago law enforcement officials in Police Area 2, whose detective squad Burge commanded. Some[quantify] of the people who confessed to murder were later granted new trials and a few[quantify] were acquitted or pardoned. Burge was acquitted of police brutality charges in 1989 after a first trial resulted in a hung jury. He was suspended from the Chicago Police Department in 1991 and fired in 1993 after the Police Department Review Board ruled that he had used torture.

After Burge was fired, there was a groundswell of support to investigate convictions for which he provided evidence. In 2002, a special prosecutor began investigating the accusations. The review, which cost $17 million, revealed improprieties that resulted in no action due to the statute of limitations. Several convictions were reversed, remanded, or overturned. All Illinois death row inmates received reductions in their sentences. Four of Burge’s victims were pardoned by then-Governor Ryan and subsequently filed a consolidated suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against the City of Chicago, various police officers, Cook County and various State’s Attorneys. A $19.8 million settlement was reached in December 2007, with the “city defendants”. Cases against Cook County and the other current/former county prosecutors continue as of July 2008. In October 2008, Patrick Fitzgerald had Burge arrested on charges of obstruction of justice and perjury in relation to a civil suit regarding the torture allegations against him. On April 1, 2010, Judge Joan Lefkow postponed the trial, for the fourth time, to May 24, 2010.[1] Burge was convicted on all counts on June 28, 2010. He was sentenced to four-and-one-half years in federal prison on January 21, 2011 and was released in October 2014.

 

 

Born on this day:

Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757 – July 12, 1804) was an American statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was an influential interpreter and promoter of the U.S. Constitution, as well as the founder of the nation’s financial system, the Federalist Party, the United States Coast Guard, and The New York Post newspaper. As the first Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton was the main author of the economic policies of the George Washington administration. He took the lead in the funding of the states’ debts by the Federal government, as well as the establishment of a national bank, a system of tariffs, and friendly trade relations with Britain. His vision included a strong central government led by a vigorous executive branch,[3]:3–4 a strong commercial economy, with a national bank and support for manufacturing, plus a strong military. This was challenged by Virginia agrarians Thomas Jefferson and James Madison who formed a rival party. They favored strong states based in rural America and protected by state militias as opposed to a strong national army and navy. They denounced Hamilton as too friendly toward Britain and toward monarchy in general, and too oriented toward cities, business and banking.

Hamilton was born out of wedlock in Charlestown, British West Indies, to a mother of French Huguenot and British ancestry,[3]:8–9 and a Scots father, James A. Hamilton, the fourth son of Scottish laird Alexander Hamilton of Grange, Ayrshire. Orphaned as a child by his mother’s death and his father’s abandonment, he was taken in by an older cousin, and later by a prosperous merchant family. He was recognized for his intelligence and talent, and sponsored by a group of wealthy local men to travel to New York City and pursue his education. Hamilton attended King’s College (now Columbia University), choosing to stay in the Thirteen Colonies to seek his fortune.

After graduation, Hamilton played a major role in the American Revolutionary War. At the start of the war in 1775, he joined a militia company. In early 1776, he raised a provincial artillery company, to which he was appointed captain. He soon became the senior aide to General Washington, the American forces’ commander-in-chief. Hamilton was dispatched by Washington on numerous missions to convey plans to his generals. After the war, Hamilton was elected as a representative to the Congress of the Confederation from New York. He resigned to practice law, and founded the Bank of New York.

 

Alice Paul (January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977) was an American suffragist, feminist, and women’s rights activist, and the main leader and strategist of the 1910s campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which prohibits sex discrimination in the right to vote. Along with Lucy Burns and others, Paul strategized the events, such as the Woman Suffrage Procession and the Silent Sentinels, which led the successful campaign that resulted in its passage in 1920.[1]

After 1920, Paul spent a half century as leader of the National Woman’s Party, which fought for her Equal Rights Amendment to secure constitutional equality for women. She won a large degree of success with the inclusion of women as a group protected against discrimination by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. She insisted that her National Woman’s Party focus on the legal status of all women and resisted calls to address issues like birth control.

Another view of Alice Paul:

Alice Paul, American National Biography Online:
Although many feminists adored Paul, she also aroused strong negative feelings. She was elitist, autocratic, and domineering. Shy and often aloof, Paul operated with an abruptness that appeared as insensitivity, and she rarely expressed the appreciation that hard-working colleagues felt they deserved. Although Paul had cordial relationships with Mary Church Terrell and other African-American women and calculated the value of their support for suffrage and the ERA, she did not hesitate to dilute black women’s participation in party events in order to appease southern members. Paul rebuffed pleas to have the NWP concern itself with violations of black women’s right to vote; that was a racial, not a feminist, issue, she asserted, and beyond the scope of her organization. She also expressed anti-Semitism even though she had at least one close friendship and working relationships with a number of Jewish women. Paul believed that a single-minded focus on legal equality could unite all women. However, such a strategy could not encompass the loyalties and needs of many women that were related to their race, class, or other identifications. Consequently, the NWP practiced a very exclusive form of feminism.

 

 

 

FYI:

Aimée Lutkin: Famed War Correspondent Clare Hollingworth, First to Report the Start of WWII, Dies at 105

 

 

Roy Emile Alfredo Innis (June 6, 1934 – January 8, 2017)[1] was an American activist and politician. He had been National Chairman of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) since his election to the position in 1968.

One of his sons, Niger Roy Innis, serves as National Spokesman of the Congress of Racial Equality.

 

 

 

Aimée Lutkin: Russian Parliament Passes Law Decriminalizing Domestic Violence Through First Round of Votes

 

Zach Hanlon The Only Five Email Folders You Will Need

 

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