Tag: FYI

FYI March 19, 2018



On This Day

1649 – The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it “useless and dangerous to the people of England”.
The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England (which incorporated Wales) from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

The Parliament of England developed from the Magnum Concilium that advised the English monarch in medieval times. This royal council, meeting for short periods, included ecclesiastics, noblemen, as well as representatives of the counties (known as “knights of the shire”). The chief duty of the council was to approve taxes proposed by the Crown. In many cases, however, the council demanded the redress of the people’s grievances before proceeding to vote on taxation. Thus, it developed legislative powers.[1]

The first parliament to invite representatives of the major towns was Montfort’s Parliament in 1265. At the “Model Parliament” of 1295, representatives of the boroughs (including towns and cities) were admitted. Thus, it became settled practice that each county send two knights of the shire, and that each borough send two burgesses. At first, the burgesses were almost entirely powerless; while the right to representation of each English county quickly became indisputable, the monarch could enfranchise or disfranchise boroughs at pleasure. Any show of independence by burgesses would thus be likely to lead to the exclusion of their towns from Parliament. The knights of the shire were in a better position, although less powerful than their noble and clerical counterparts in what was still a unicameral Parliament.Read more ->


Born On This Day

1933 – Renée Taylor, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
Renée Taylor (née Renée Wexler; March 19, 1933)[1] is an American actress and writer. She is known for playing Fran Drescher’s title character’s outspoken mother, Sylvia Fine, on the TV series The Nanny.

Taylor was born in The Bronx, New York to Charles and Frieda (née Silverstein) Wexler. Taylor worked as a comedian in the early 1960s at the New York City nightclub Bon Soir. Her opening act was a then-unknown Barbra Streisand.[2] In 1968, Taylor played Eva Braun in Mel Brooks’ feature film The Producers, a role she got while performing the play Luv with Gene Wilder, whom Brooks decided to cast as protagonist Leo Bloom.[3]

Taylor and her husband, Joseph Bologna, co-wrote the Broadway hit comedy Lovers and Other Strangers, and received Oscar nominations for having written the 1970 film adaptation. In 1971, the couple co-wrote and starred in the film Made for Each Other. Their screenplay received a nomination for the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Comedy. Taylor played Arlene Sherwood, co-producer of a television show along with Jerry Orbach and John Candy in the 1991 film Delirious.[4]

From 1992-94, Taylor played the overbearing Jewish mother of Brian Benben’s lead character on the HBO series Dream On. In 1993, she was cast as the mother of Richard Lewis, and the ex-wife of Don Rickles, in the Fox sitcom Daddy Dearest, which was cancelled after a two-month run in the fall. Also in 1993, Taylor was slated for sporadic guest appearances on the new CBS sitcom The Nanny, playing Sylvia Fine, the mother of Fran Drescher’s title character. After the cancellation of Daddy Dearest, Taylor was upgraded to a recurring cast member during the first season of The Nanny and eventually a full-time cast member by the third season. Her roles on the two broadcast network series were concurrent with her work on Dream On.[4] Taylor is most often recognized for her role in The Nanny. Her character is intent on helping daughter Fran find a husband and has a passionate love for food. Taylor’s husband, Joseph Bologna, made two guest appearances on The Nanny, the first as an egomaniacal actor named Allan Beck, who tormented Maxwell Sheffield (Charles Shaughnessy); and, in the final season, Bologna again guest-starred as a doctor and admirer of Sylvia in the episode “Maternal Affairs”.[4]

In recent years, Taylor guest-starred as Ted Mosby’s neighbor, Mrs. Matsen, on How I Met Your Mother. She also had a guest-starring role on the Disney show, Shake It Up, portraying a cranky, mean elderly woman in a retirement home as Mrs. Lacasio, as well as a guest-starring role on the Nickelodeon show, Victorious as Robbie’s cranky grandmother who needed Robbie’s help with the internet.[4]

In addition to her numerous guest-starring appearances, Taylor has worked as a voice-actor as the character Mrs. Start in the animated feature film Ice Age: The Meltdown, and in a recurring role as Linda’s mother Gloria in the animated Fox series Bob’s Burgers. Taylor also played Martha Benson in the film Opposite Day, released in 2009.[4]

Taylor also appeared on Fran Drescher’s latest show Happily Divorced as the best friend of Fran’s mother. In 2011, Taylor was cast in the short-lived Fox cartoon Allen Gregory, in which she voiced the character of Principal Gottlieb. In 2013, she starred in the Tyler Perry film Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor as Ms. Waco Chapman, the owner of Chapman drug company.[4]

In 2016, Taylor starred in the Netflix movie The Do-Over with Adam Sandler as the role of Mrs. Kessler and in the TV show Rock in a Hard Place.[5] Recently, Taylor appeared in the 2017 film How To Be A Latin Lover.[6]

Taylor had a role in Tango Shalom,[7] which she acted alongside her husband, in his final film role before his death.

Personal life
Taylor married actor Joseph Bologna on August 7, 1965, in Stamford, Connecticut. They have two children, a son, Gabriel who is an actor and a daughter, Zizi who works as a film producer.[4][8] They were married until Bologna’s death in August 2017.

Taylor is Jewish.[9]



By Ryan Vlastelica: The founder of Christian rock music would’ve hated what it’s become
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FYI March 18, 2018



On This Day

1938 – Mexico creates Pemex by expropriating all foreign-owned oil reserves and facilities.
Petróleos Mexicanos, which translates to Mexican Petroleum, but is trademarked and better known as Pemex (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpemeks]), is the Mexican state-owned petroleum company, created in 1938 by nationalization or expropriation of all private, foreign, and domestic oil companies at that time. Pemex had a total asset worth of $415.75 billion, and was the world’s second-largest non-publicly listed company by total market value (in 2006),[2] and Latin America’s second-largest enterprise by annual revenue as of 2009, surpassed only by Petrobras (the Brazilian National Oil Company).[3] The majority of its shares are not listed publicly and are under control of the Mexican government, with the value of its publicly listed shares totaling $202 billion in 2010, representing approximately one quarter of the company’s total net worth.[2][4][5]



Born On This Day

1870 – Agnes Sime Baxter, Canadian mathematician (d. 1917)
Agnes Sime Baxter (Hill) (18 March 1870 – 9 March 1917) was a Canadian-born mathematician. She studied at Dalhousie University, receiving her BA in 1891, and her MA in 1892. She received her Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1895; her dissertation was “On Abelian integrals, a resume of Neumann’s ‘Abelsche Integrele’ with comments and applications.”[1]

Baxter enrolled at Dalhousie University in 1887. Her primary courses of study were mathematics and mathematical physics. Despite the relative lack of female scholars in these areas, Baxter received her bachelor’s degree in 1891. She received multiple awards at graduation, including the Sir William Young Medal for highest standing in mathematics and mathematical physics.

Baxter completed her master’s degree at Dalhousie in 1892.

From 1892 to 1894, Baxter held a fellowship at Cornell University in New York. On the completion of her thesis, “On Abelian integrals, a resume of Neumann’s ‘Abelsche Integrele’ with comments and applications,” she became the second Canadian woman and the fourth woman on the North American continent to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics.[2][3]

Non-Academic Life
Agnes Sime Baxter was born on March 18, 1870, in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The Baxter family had immigrated to Canada from Scotland. Her father, Robert Baxter, was manager of the Halifax Gas Light Company, having managed a Scottish electric light company before moving to Nova Scotia.

Agnes Baxter married Dr. Albert Ross Hill on August 20, 1896. The marriage produced two daughters. Mrs. Ross Hill chose not to teach at the institutions where her husband was a professor, although Albert credited her with assisting him in his work.

Agnes Ross Hill died on March 9, 1917, in Columbia, Missouri, after protracted illness.[2][3]




Just A Car Guy: Peter Gregg, SCCA Trans Am winner of 1969 (under 2 ltr), 73, and 74(overall winner due to format change), successful Porsche race car driver, successful Porsche dealership owner, and at age 40 married a 25 year old piano playing, horse riding, art director turned racer. A life of tragedy. No joke

Peter Holden Gregg (May 4, 1940 – December 15, 1980) was a racecar driver during the golden age of the Trans-Am Series and a four-time winner of the 24 Hours of Daytona. He was also the owner of Brumos, a Jacksonville, Florida car dealership.


By Chris Thompson: 100-Year-Old Superhuman Orville Rogers Sets New World Record In Race Of Scootin’ Grandpas [CORRECTED]

By Gary Price: Research Tools: ProPublica Adds “People Search” to Non-Profit Explorer Database
By Gary Price: Oregon: Governor Kate Brown Fires State Librarian MaryKay Dahlgreen
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Chuck Wendig terribleminds: Flash Fiction Challenge: The Magic Realism Bot’s Revenge
Smart Bitches Trashy Books By Amanda -> Lit Wicks: Kresley Cole
Sahara Foley March 2018 99 Cent Amazon Ebooks from Creativia Authors–16th to 31st
Sahara Foley March 2018 Free Amazon Ebooks from Creativia Authors–16th to 31st
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In The Kitchen With Matt: Homemade Tortilla Chips 2 Ways



FYI March 17, 2018



On This Day

1947 – First flight of the B-45 Tornado strategic bomber.
The North American B-45 Tornado was the United States Air Force’s (USAF) first operational jet bomber, and the first multijet engined bomber in the world to be refueled in midair.[2][3] The B-45 was an important part of the United States’s nuclear deterrent for several years in the early 1950s, but was soon superseded by the Boeing B-47 Stratojet. B-45s and RB-45s served in the United States Air Force’s Strategic Air Command from 1950 until 1959.



Born On This Day

1806 – Norbert Rillieux, African American inventor and chemical engineer (d. 1894)

Norbert Rillieux (March 17, 1806 – October 8, 1894) was an American inventor who was widely considered one of the earliest chemical engineers and noted for his pioneering invention of the multiple-effect evaporator. This invention was an important development in the growth of the sugar industry. Rillieux, a French-speaking Creole[1], was a cousin of the painter Edgar Degas.

Norbert Rillieux was born into a prominent Creole family in New Orleans, Louisiana. He was the son of Vincent Rillieux, a white plantation owner, and his placée, Constance Vivant, a free person of color.[2] Norbert was the eldest of seven children. His siblings were: Barthelemy, Edmond, Marie Eugenie, Louis, Marie Eloise, and Cecile Virginie. Norbert’s aunt on his father’s side, Marie Celeste Rillieux, was the grandmother of painter Edgar Degas. His aunt on his mother’s side, Eulalie Vivant, was the mother of Bernard Soulie, one of the wealthiest gens de couleur libre in Louisiana.[3]

Early life
As a Creole of color, Norbert Rillieux had access to education and privileges not available to lower-status free blacks or slaves. Baptized Roman Catholic, Rillieux received his early education at private Catholic schools in Louisiana before traveling to Paris in the early 1820s to study at École Centrale Paris, one of the top engineering schools in France. While at École Centrale, Norbert studied physics, mechanics, and engineering. He became an expert in steam engines and published several papers about the use of steam to work devices. These early explorations became the foundation of the technology he would later implement in his evaporator. At 24 (1830), Rillieux became the youngest teacher at École Centrale, instructing in applied mechanics.[4]




By Julie Muncy: In an Odd Turn of Events, an NFL Legend Rescued Stan Lee’s Dog
By Ari Phillips: These Are the Worst Invasive Species in the West

By Danette Chavez: Finding common ground with Stand And Deliver 30 years later
Jaime Alfonso Escalante Gutierrez (December 31, 1930 – March 30, 2010) was a Bolivian educator known for teaching students calculus from 1974 to 1991 at Garfield High School, East Los Angeles, California. Escalante was the subject of the 1988 film Stand and Deliver, in which he is portrayed by Edward James Olmos.

In 1993, the asteroid 5095 Escalante was named after him.[2]



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Scott Myers: Saturday Hot Links
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Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: The Universe in Verse
By Gary Price: Studs Terkel Radio Archive Containing 5,600 Shows/Interviews Goes Live Online on May 16th; Several Hundred Interviews Available to Stream Today
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Bob Mayer: Freebies
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Brooke Stanton: Hundreds of FREE Romance books!
By Hometalk Highlights: How to Quickly Clean Your Living Room Before You Go to Bed
By Jemma Hometalker Rockwall, TX: Beginners Guide To Growing A Vegetable Garden From Seeds
By Justin Tyler Tate: Living Vine Curtains










FYI March 16, 2018

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On This Day

1190 – Massacre of Jews at Clifford’s Tower, York.
York Castle in the city of York, England, is a fortified complex comprising, over the last nine centuries, a sequence of castles, prisons, law courts and other buildings on the south side of the River Foss. The now-ruinous keep of the medieval Norman castle is commonly referred to as Clifford’s Tower. Built originally on the orders of William I to dominate the former Viking city of York, the castle suffered a tumultuous early history before developing into a major fortification with extensive water defences. After a major explosion in 1684 rendered the remaining military defences uninhabitable, York Castle continued to be used as a jail and prison until 1929.

The first motte and bailey castle on the site was built in 1068 following the Norman conquest of York. After the destruction of the castle by rebels and a Viking army in 1069, York Castle was rebuilt and reinforced with extensive water defences, including a moat and an artificial lake. York Castle formed an important royal fortification in the north of England.

In 1190, 150 local Jews were killed in a pogrom in the castle keep; most of them committed suicide in order not to fall into the hands of the mob. Henry III rebuilt the castle in stone in the middle of the 13th century, creating a keep with a unique quatrefoil design, supported by an outer bailey wall and a substantial gatehouse. During the Scottish wars between 1298 and 1338, York Castle was frequently used as the centre of royal administration across England, as well as an important military base of operations.

York Castle fell into disrepair by the 15th and 16th centuries, becoming used increasingly as a jail for both local felons and political prisoners. By the time of Elizabeth I the castle was estimated to have lost all of its military value but was maintained as a centre of royal authority in York. The outbreak of the English Civil War in 1642 saw York Castle being repaired and refortified, playing a part in the Royalist defence of York in 1644 against Parliamentary forces. York Castle continued to be garrisoned until 1684, when an explosion destroyed the interior of Clifford’s Tower. The castle bailey was redeveloped in a neoclassical style in the 18th century as a centre for county administration in Yorkshire, and was used as a jail and debtors’ prison. Prison reform in the 19th century led to the creation of a new prison built in a Tudor Gothic style on the castle site in 1825; used first as a county and then as a military prison, this facility was demolished in 1935. By the 20th century the ruin of Clifford’s Tower had become a well-known tourist destination and national monument; today the site is owned by English Heritage and open to the public. The other remaining buildings serve as the York Castle Museum and the Crown Court.



Born On This Day

1799 – Anna Atkins, English botanist and photographer (d. 1871)
Anna Atkins (née Children; 16 March 1799 – 9 June 1871[1]) was an English botanist and photographer. She is often considered the first person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images.[2][3][4] Some sources claim that she was the first woman to create a photograph.[3][4][5][6]

Early life
Atkins was born in Tunbridge, Kent, England in 1799.[1] Her mother Hester Anne Children “didn’t recover from the effects of childbirth” and died in 1800.[5] Anna became close to her father John George Children.[7] Anna “received an unusually scientific education for a woman of her time.”[8] Her detailed engravings of shells were used to illustrate her father’s translation of Lamarck’s Genera of Shells.[8][9]

In 1825 she married John Pelly Atkins, a London West India merchant, and they moved to Halstead Place, the Atkins family home in Sevenoaks, Kent.[8] They had no children.[10] Atkins pursued her interests in botany, for example by collecting dried plants. These were probably used as photograms later.[8] She was elected a member of the London Botanical Society in 1839.[11]


John George Children and John Pelly Atkins were friends of William Henry Fox Talbot.[8] Anna Atkins learned directly from Talbot about two of his inventions related to photography: the “photogenic drawing” technique (in which an object is placed on light-sensitized paper which is exposed to the sun to produce an image) and calotypes.[12][13]

Atkins was known to have had access to a camera by 1841.[8] Some sources claim that Atkins was the first female photographer.[3][4][5][6][14] Other sources name Constance Fox Talbot as the first female photographer.[15][16][17] As no camera-based photographs by Anna Atkins[8] nor any photographs by Constance Talbot[16] survive, the issue may never be resolved.




By Associated Press: Veteran Democratic Congresswoman Louise Slaughter Dies

Dorothy Louise McIntosh Slaughter (August 14, 1929 – March 16, 2018) was an American politician who served as a United States representative from New York from 1987 to 2018.

Slaughter was born in Lynch, Kentucky, and studied microbiology and public health at the University of Kentucky. After becoming involved in politics as a member of the Democratic Party, she was elected to a seat in the New York State Assembly in 1982, and Congress in 1986. Slaughter’s district was based in Rochester and included most of surrounding Monroe County; it was numbered as the 30th District from 1987 to 1993, the 28th District from 1993 to 2013, and the 25th district from 2013 to 2018.

She was the Chairwoman of the House Rules Committee from 2007 until 2011, and served as ranking minority member of the Committee from 2005 to 2007, and from 2011 until her death.[1] While in Congress, she supported legislation including the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act. At the time of her death in March 2018, Slaughter was the oldest Member of the House of Representatives.[2]


By Kate Conger: Adrian Lamo, Hacker Behind Breaches of New York Times and Microsoft, Has Died
With the cost of new vehicles, it’s not surprising folks would (have to) live in them~
By Andrew P. Collins: The 2019 Ram 1500 Is The Truck You’ll Want To Live In
The cheapest 2019 Quad Cab 2WD Tradesman will at $31,695 with the fanciest Limited luxury trim trucks with every option topping out at over $70,000. When I configured the 2019 Ram I’d want myself, a comprehensively equipped but modestly appointed V6 long bed 4×4, it rang up at around $48,000.
By Drew Magary: Chairlift Becomes Possessed By Satan, Wigs The Fuck Out
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The Spaces: A Monocabin for micro-living in Greece, This mirrored hotel disappears into the landscape and more
By Shan Wang: Why do people go to Wikipedia? A survey suggests it’s their desire to go down that random rabbithole
By Heather Chapman: Microsoft to host rural broadband presentation
Microsoft’s Rural Airband Initiative is aimed at bringing more broadband connectivity to rural America, partly through the use of white-space technology.

The free presentation will take place at 3 p.m. CST March 28 at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and will be live streamed for those who can’t attend.
By Adele Peters: 10 Genius Tech Ideas National Geographic Thinks Could Change The World
By Ryan Paugh: This Is How To Build A Troll-Free Online Community

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FYI March 15, 2018



On This Day

1927 – The first Women’s Boat Race between the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge takes place on The Isis in Oxford.
The Women’s Boat Race is an annual rowing race between Cambridge University Women’s Boat Club and Oxford University Women’s Boat Club. First rowed in 1927, the race has taken place annually since 1964. Since the 2015 race it has been rowed on the same day and course as the men’s Boat Race on the River Thames in London, taking place around Easter. The combined event of two races became known as “The Boat Races”, or since 2018 simply “The Boat Race” with a women’s and mens’ race. It is also known by a title that includes the name of its official charity, ‘”The Cancer Research UK Boat Race”, its sponsor, Newton Investment Management, having donated the title to the charity.[15] The race is rowed in eights and the cox can be male or female.

The course covers a 4.2 miles (6.8 km) stretch of the Thames in West London, from Putney to Mortlake. Members of both crews are traditionally known as blues and each boat as a “Blue Boat”, with Cambridge in light blue and Oxford dark blue. As of 2017 Cambridge have won the race 42 times and Oxford 30 times. Cambridge has led Oxford in cumulative wins since 1966. The women’s race has received television coverage and grown in popularity since 2015, attracting a television audience of 4.8 million viewers that year.[16][17][18] The 2017 race was won by Cambridge in a record time on the new course.



Born On This Day

1852 – Augusta, Lady Gregory, Anglo-Irish landowner, playwright, and translator (d. 1932)
Isabella Augusta, Lady Gregory (née Persse; 15 March 1852 – 22 May 1932) was an Irish dramatist, folklorist and theatre manager. With William Butler Yeats and Edward Martyn, she co-founded the Irish Literary Theatre and the Abbey Theatre, and wrote numerous short works for both companies. Lady Gregory produced a number of books of retellings of stories taken from Irish mythology. Born into a class that identified closely with British rule, she turned against it. Her conversion to cultural nationalism, as evidenced by her writings, was emblematic of many of the political struggles to occur in Ireland during her lifetime.

Lady Gregory is mainly remembered for her work behind the Irish Literary Revival. Her home at Coole Park in County Galway served as an important meeting place for leading Revival figures, and her early work as a member of the board of the Abbey was at least as important as her creative writings for that theatre’s development. Lady Gregory’s motto was taken from Aristotle: “To think like a wise man, but to express oneself like the common people.”[1]





By Michael Hayden, opinion contributor: Michael Hayden: Why Gina Haspel is the person America needs at the CIA
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Damian Kulash, Lead singer and video director for OK Go: OK Go makes some noise in the classroom
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Phil Are Go: When You Take the Wheel – Lane infringement.





Joy Us Garden Hometalker Tucson, AZ: How To Prune Leggy, Overgrown Geraniums:
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FYI March 14, 2018



On This Day

Pi Day
Pi Day is an annual celebration of the mathematical constant π (pi). Pi Day is observed on March 14 (3/14 in the month/day date format) since 3, 1, and 4 are the first three significant digits of π.[2][3] In 2009, the United States House of Representatives supported the designation of Pi Day.[4]

Pi Approximation Day is observed on July 22 (22/7 in the day/month date format), since the fraction ​22⁄7 is a common approximation of π, which is accurate to two decimal places and dates from Archimedes.[5]

The earliest known official or large-scale celebration of Pi Day was organized by Larry Shaw in 1988 at the San Francisco Exploratorium,[6] where Shaw worked as a physicist,[7] with staff and public marching around one of its circular spaces, then consuming fruit pies.[8] The Exploratorium continues to hold Pi Day celebrations.[9]

On March 12, 2009, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a non-binding resolution (111 H. Res. 224),[4] recognizing March 14, 2009 as National Pi Day.[10] For Pi Day 2010, Google presented a Google Doodle celebrating the holiday, with the word Google laid over images of circles and pi symbols.[11]

The entire month of March 2014 (3/14) was observed by some as “Pi Month”.[12][13] In the year 2015, Pi Day had special significance on 3/14/15 (mm/dd/yy date format) at 9:26:53 a.m. and also at p.m., with the date and time representing the first 10 digits of π.[14] Pi Day of 2016 was also significant because its mm/dd/yy represents pi rounded to the first five digits.

Pi Day has been observed in many ways, including eating pie, throwing pies and discussing the significance of the number π, due to a pun based on the words “pi” and “pie” being homophones in English ( /paɪ/).[1]

Massachusetts Institute of Technology has often mailed its application decision letters to prospective students for delivery on Pi Day.[15] Starting in 2012, MIT has announced it will post those decisions (privately) online on Pi Day at exactly 6:28 pm, which they have called “Tau Time”, to honor the rival numbers pi and tau equally.[16][17] In 2015, the regular decisions were put online at 9:26 AM, following that year’s “pi moment”.[18]

Princeton, New Jersey, hosts numerous events in a combined celebration of Pi Day and Albert Einstein’s birthday, which is also March 14.[19] Einstein lived in Princeton for more than twenty years while working at the Institute for Advanced Study. In addition to pie eating and recitation contests, there is an annual Einstein look-alike contest.[20]

Born On This Day

1887 – Sylvia Beach, American-French publisher, founded Shakespeare and Company (d. 1962)
Sylvia Beach (March 14, 1887 – October 5, 1962), born Nancy Woodbridge Beach, was an American-born bookseller and publisher who lived most of her life in Paris, where she was one of the leading expatriate figures between World War I and II.[1]

She is known for her Paris bookstore, Shakespeare and Company, where she published James Joyce’s controversial book, Ulysses (1922), and encouraged the publication and sold copies of Hemingway’s first book, Three Stories and Ten Poems (1923).

Early life
Beach was born in her father’s parsonage in Baltimore, Maryland, United States, on March 14, 1887, the second of three daughters of Sylvester Beach and Eleanor Thomazine Orbison. She had an older sister, Holly, and a younger sister, Cyprian.[2] Although named Nancy after her grandmother Orbison, she later decided to change her name to Sylvia. Her maternal grandparents were missionaries to India, and her father, a Presbyterian minister, was descended from several generations of clergymen. When the girls were young the family lived in Baltimore and in Bridgeton, New Jersey. Then in 1901, the family moved to France upon Sylvester Beach’s appointment as assistant minister of the American Church in Paris and director of the American student center.[1][not in citation given]

Beach spent the years 1902-1905 in Paris, returning to New Jersey in 1906 when her father became minister of the First Presbyterian Church of Princeton. Beach made several return trips to Europe, lived for two years in Spain, and worked for the Balkan Commission of the Red Cross. During the last years of the Great War, she was drawn back to Paris to study contemporary French literature.[1][not in citation given]




Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018)[14][15] was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge.[16][17] His scientific works included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. Hawking was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. He was a vigorous supporter of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics.[18][19]

Hawking was an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA), a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States. In 2002, Hawking was ranked number 25 in the BBC’s poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009 and achieved commercial success with works of popular science in which he discusses his own theories and cosmology in general. His book, A Brief History of Time, appeared on the British Sunday Times best-seller list for a record-breaking 237 weeks.

Hawking had a rare early-onset slow-progressing form of motor neurone disease (also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Lou Gehrig’s disease), that gradually paralysed him over the decades.[20][21] Even after the loss of his speech, he was still able to communicate through a speech-generating device, initially through use of a hand-held switch, and eventually by using a single cheek muscle.

By Joe Berkowitz: Stephen Hawking’s Astronomic Impact On Pop Culture
This Month’s Grateful Offerings from A Network for Grateful Living
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By Heather Chapman: USDA kills animal welfare rules for organic meat
No brainer~ The more they sell, the more they make. Maybe their profits should fund rehab clinics?
By Heather Chapman: The more opioids doctors prescribe, the more money they make from pharmaceutical companies, analysis says
By Heather Chapman: Study: ‘Deaths of despair’ on the rise across the country
By Michael A. Carome, M.D.: New report on Big Pharma settlements highlights need for tougher enforcement

By Elisabeth Leoni: The She Word: how Emily Hanley shares her passion for computer science
By Laura Hazard Owen: The WikiTribune Way: What it’s like to run a news site with a “neutral point of view”
By Melanie Ehrenkranz: Wikipedia Had No Idea YouTube Was Going to Use It to Fact-Check Conspiracy Theories
By Caral Pedret: On International Women’s Day here are 7 data journalism projects about women’s issues
Students heading for alternative spring break tell ‘Stories from Home’
By George Dvorsky: Boaty McBoatface Has Returned From Its Most Perilous Mission Yet
By Patrick Redford: Shaq: Put Cops Around And Inside Everything
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: Citizen Scientists Discover New Feature of the Aurora Borealis
By Kristen Lee: This Oregon Tourism Ad Is A Glorious Tribute To Studio Ghibli
By Andrews Liszweski: My Family Died of Dysentery in the Palm of My Hands—and I Loved Every Minute of It
Newspaper instead of a barrier fabric?
Courtney Perkins Johnson Courtney Perkins Johnson Hometalker Kinston, NC: DIY Gravel Garden Path







FYI March 13, 2018



On This Day

1940 – The Russo-Finnish Winter War ends.
The Winter War[F 7] was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland lasting three and a half months from 1939 to 1940. The war began with the Soviet invasion of Finland on 30 November 1939, which was three months after the outbreak of World War II, and ended with the Moscow Peace Treaty on 13 March 1940. The League of Nations deemed the attack illegal and expelled the Soviet Union from the League.

The Soviet Union sought to obtain parts of Finnish territory, demanding—among other concessions—that Finland cede substantial border territories in exchange for land elsewhere, claiming security reasons, primarily the protection of Leningrad, 32 km (20 mi) from the Finnish border. Finland refused and the USSR invaded the country. Many sources conclude that the Soviet Union had intended to conquer all Finland, and use the establishment of the puppet Finnish Communist government and the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact’s secret protocols as an evidence of this,[F 8] while other sources argue against the idea of the full Soviet conquest.[F 9] Finland repelled Soviet attacks for more than two months and inflicted substantial losses on the invaders in temperatures down to −43 °C (−45 °F). After reorganisation and adoption of different tactics, the Soviets renewed their offensive and overcame Finnish defenses.

Hostilities ceased in March 1940 with the signing of the Moscow Peace Treaty. Finland ceded territory representing 11 percent of its land area and 30 percent of its economy to the Soviet Union. Soviet losses were heavy, and the country’s international reputation suffered. Soviet gains exceeded their pre-war demands and the USSR received substantial territory along Lake Ladoga and in Northern Finland. Finland retained its sovereignty and enhanced its international reputation. The poor performance of the Red Army encouraged Adolf Hitler to think that an attack on the Soviet Union would be successful and confirmed negative Western opinions of the Soviet military. After 15 months of Interim Peace, in June 1941, Nazi Germany commenced Operation Barbarossa and the Continuation War between Finland and the USSR began.



Born On This Day

1942 – Dave Cutler, American computer scientist and engineer
David Neil “Dave” Cutler, Sr. (born March 13, 1942) is an American software engineer, a designer, and a developer of several operating systems in the computer industry. These operating systems are Microsoft Windows NT, and Digital Equipment Corporation: RSX-11M, VAXELN, VMS (now OpenVMS).[1]

Personal history
Cutler was born in Lansing, Michigan and grew up in DeWitt, Michigan. After graduating from Olivet College, Michigan, in 1965, he went to work for DuPont.

Cutler holds at least 20 patents, and is an Affiliate Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of Washington.[2]

Cutler is an avid auto racing driver. He competed in the Atlantic Championship from 1996 to 2002, scoring a career best of 8th on the Milwaukee Mile in 2000.[1]

Cutler is a member of Adelphic Alpha Pi Fraternity at Olivet College, Michigan.[citation needed]

DuPont (1965 to 1971)
Cutler’s first exposure to computers came when he was tasked to perform a computer simulations model for one of DuPont’s customers using IBM’s GPSS-3 language on an IBM model 7044.[3] This work led to an interest in how computers and their operating systems worked.



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By Stef Schrader: Here Is A Big Smoky Reminder That I Need A Limited-Slip Differential

By Heather Chapman: Dave Ramsey says more people worried about finances because they rely on politicians to improve their fortunes
Send your name to the sun
To commemorate humanity’s first visit to our own star, NASA is inviting people around the world to submit their names online to be placed on a microchip aboard the Parker Solar Probe. Submissions will be accepted until April 27, 2018.

By Ben Paynter: Hugh Jackman’s Social Enterprise Coffee Is Coming To Your Kitchen
By Andrew Santella: I Visited A Shrine For The Patron Saint Of Procrastinators
By Ted Land: Edmonds improv class helps dementia patients overcome memory loss

Boeing Rolls Out 10,000th of its 737


Auntie Wendy’s Unsolicited Advice To Romancelandia
Superman Ice Cream

By Jessica Leigh Hester: The Quest for a Universal Translator for Old, Obsolete Computer Files
Joanne Guidoccio: In Praise of Indirect Paths


David Sherry: Sunday Caffeine – Time to Play
So it’s up to us to shake the influence and pursue the day. Removing the magnet that pulls us away from the opportunity at hand.

Like they say, If this was your last day on earth, you’d suddenly have nothing to worry about.

You’re up to bat now. Follow your curiosities and immerse yourself in your work.
By Paige Russell: Make Custom Pegboard (3D Jig File Included)
By Fiberartsy: Dyeing Yarn With a Crock Pot (Slow Cooker)
By Aleator777: Apple II Watch










FYI March 12, 2018



On This Day

1922 – Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan form the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic

The Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (Transcaucasian SFSR or TSFSR), also known as the Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union that existed from 1922 to 1936. It embraced Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. As they were separated from Russia by the Caucasus Mountains, they were known traditionally as the Transcaucasian Republics. Created ostensibly to consolidate the economic situation of the region, the TSFSR was also useful in consolidating Bolshevik control over the states. It was one of the four republics to sign the treaty establishing the Soviet Union in 1922.

Names in the local languages
Armenian: Անդրկովկասի Խորհրդային Սոցիալիստական Դաշնային (Ֆեդերատիվ) Հանրապետություն

Andrkovkasi Khorhrdayin Soc‘ialistakan Dashnayin (Federativ) Hanrapetut‘yun

Azerbaijani: Загафгазија Сосиалист Федератив Совет Республикасы

Zaqafqaziya Sosialist Federativ Sovet Respublikası

Georgian: ამიერკავკასიის საბჭოთა ფედერაციული სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა

Amierk’avk’asiis Sabch’ota Pederatsiuli Sotsialist’uri Resp’ublik’a

Russian: Закавказская Социалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика (ЗСФСР)

Zakavkazskaya Sotsalisticheskaya Federativnaya Sovetskaya Respublika (ZSFSR)

The roots of a Transcaucasian condominium state trace back to the dissolution of the Russian Empire in 1918, following the October Revolution, when the provinces of the Caucasus seceded and formed their own state called the Transcaucasian Federation. Competing ethno-national interests and confrontation with the Ottoman Empire in World War I led to the dissolution of the Transcaucasian Federation only two months later, in April 1918.[1]

The three successor states: the First Republic of Armenia, the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, and the Democratic Republic of Georgia, lasted until the end of the Russian Civil War that was being fought across the mountains, when they were invaded by the Red Army and sovietized. Following the proposal by Vladimir Lenin the three now Soviet Republics, the Armenian, Azerbaijani and Georgian SSRs, were united into the Federative Union of Socialist Soviet Republics of Transcaucasia on March 12, 1922. In the same year, on December 13, the First Transcaucasian Congress of Soviets transformed this federation of states into a federative state and renamed it into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, though keeping formally the autonomy of the constituent republics. The congress also adopted the constitution, appointed the Central Executive Committee (the highest legislative body), and the Council of People’s Commissars (the government). Mamia Orakhelashvili, a Georgian Bolshevik leader, became the first chairman of the Transcaucasian SFSR Council of People’s Commissars.[2] Tbilisi was the capital of the republic.

The republic became a founding member of the Soviet Union on December 30 along with the Russian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR, and the Byelorussian SSR. In 1936, the Transcaucasian SFSR was dissolved and divided again among the Georgian, Armenian and Azerbaijani SSRs.[3]


Born On This Day

1919 – Mike Stepovich, American lawyer and politician, Governor of the Territory of Alaska (d. 2014)
Michael Anthony “Mike” Stepovich (March 12, 1919 – February 14, 2014) was an American lawyer who, from 1957 to 1958, served as the last non-acting Governor of Alaska Territory. Following his education and military service during World War II, Stepovich established a law practice in his home town of Fairbanks, Alaska and began his political career by winning three terms in the Alaska Territorial legislature. During his term as governor, he was a leading advocate in the effort to gain statehood for Alaska. Following Alaska’s admission to the Union, he made an unsuccessful run for a U.S. Senate seat and two unsuccessful attempts to be elected Governor of Alaska.


Stepovich was born to a well-known Montenegrin miner father, Michael, “Wise Mike” Stepovich,[2][3], and a Montenegrin Croat mother, Olga, in Fairbanks, Alaska on March 12, 1919.[4] His parents divorced when he was 6 months old and his mother took him to Portland, Oregon,[5] where he was raised by his mother and stepfather. Stepovich was educated in parochial schools and Portland’s Columbia Preparatory School before enrolling at the University of Portland in 1937. He graduated from Gonzaga University with a Bachelor of Arts in 1940 and from the University of Notre Dame with a Bachelor of Laws in 1943.[4]

After completing his law degree, Stepovich enlisted in the United States Navy and was assigned to Camp Parks’ legal office.[4] After three-and-a-half years of military service, he was discharged as a yeoman third class. Following his discharge in 1947, he returned to Portland for a short time to court his future wife before moving to Fairbanks, Alaska. In Fairbanks he took his bar examination and was appointed city attorney by the end of the year and establishing a private practice.[5]

He married Matilda Baricevic in November 1947. The marriage produced thirteen children: Antonia, Maria, Michael, Peter, Christopher, Dominic, Theodore, Nicholas, James, Laura, Nada, Andrea, and Melissa.[4] His daughter Nada married NBA player John Stockton.[6]

Stepovich began his political career in 1950 when, running as a Republican, he won a seat in the Alaska Territorial House of Representatives.[5] Two year later he advanced to take a seat in the Alaska Territorial Senate.[7] He remained in the senate for two terms, becoming the minority leader in 1955.[4]




By Megan Reynolds: Hubert de Givenchy, Father of the House of Givenchy, Dies at 91
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By Steve Hendrix: Publishers hated ‘A Wrinkle in Time.’ Madeleine L’Engle never forgot the rejections.
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By Reuben Westmass: Firehawk Raptors Are Predatory Birds That Start Forest Fires on Purpose
Stan C. Smith: Awesome Animal – Japanese Spider Crab
By Rhett Jones: Thanks to the CIA, Issues of the Agency’s Most-Hated Magazine Are Now Online
By messynessy: 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCLXXVIII)

Blog Profiles: Dance Blogs
By Heather Chapman: Florida governor signs bill imposing limits on gun purchases; other states could follow
By Heather Chapman: Federal government focuses on school safety bills instead of gun restrictions









FYI March 11, 2018



On This Day

1708 – Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
The Scottish Militia Bill (known formerly as the Scotch Militia Bill) is the usual name given to a bill that was passed by the House of Commons and House of Lords of the Parliament of Great Britain in early 1708. However, on 11 March 1708,[1] Queen Anne withheld royal assent on the advice of her ministers for fear that the proposed militia created would be disloyal.[2]

The Bill’s long title was An Act for settling the Militia of that Part of Great Britain called Scotland. Its object was to arm the Scottish militia, which had not been recreated at the Restoration. This happened as the unification between Scotland and England under the Acts of Union 1707 had been passed.

On the day the Bill was meant to be signed, news came that the French were sailing toward Scotland, and there was suspicion that the Scottish might be disloyal. Therefore, support for a veto was strong.


The Scottish Militia Bill is the last bill to have been refused royal assent. Before this, King William III had vetoed Bills passed by Parliament six times. Royal assent to Bills and governments generally came to be viewed as a mere formality once both Houses of Parliament had successfully read a Bill three times, or a general election had taken place.

In the British colonies, the denial of Royal assent had continued past 1708, and was one of the primary complaints of the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776: that the King “has refused his Assent to Laws, most wholesome and necessary for the public Good” and “He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing Importance”.


Born On This Day

1854 – Jane Meade Welch, American journalist and lecturer (d. 1931)
Jane Meade Welch (March 11, 1854 – 1931) was a 19th-century American journalist and lecturer from New York. She was the first woman in Buffalo to become a professional journalist, the first American woman to lecture at Cambridge University, and the first American woman whose work was accepted by the British Association. Welch was a pioneer among American women in developing an extensive group of American history lecture courses.

Early years and education

Jane Meade Welch, daughter of Thomas Cary Welch and Maria Allen Meade Welch, was born in Buffalo, New York on March 11, 1854. Of New England ancestry, she was descended from John Alden, Priscilla Alden, and Samuel Seabury.[1]

Welch graduated from Buffalo Female Academy (now, Buffalo Seminary) at the age of 16.[1] At Elmira College,[2] she was the best historian of her class, often rising at four o’clock in the morning to study David Hume and Thomas Babington Macaulay.[3] Her studies were interrupted in her sophomore year by an almost fatal illness.[4]


Welch was an invalid for two years before she regained her health and became a practical journalist,[4] beginning as a music critic.[5] For a year, she served as a general writer on the Buffalo Express. She next joined the staff of the Buffalo Courier (now Buffalo Courier), writing anonymously.[5] During the 10 years she served at the Courier, Welch worked in a variety of areas, from writing advertisements to pieces on a political leader. She served as society editor and occasional contributor of editorial articles, as well as preparing and conducting a woman’s work column.[4] Welch was the first woman in Buffalo to make a career of journalism.[6][4]

While working as a journalist, Welch instituted history classes at her home in Buffalo inviting her female friends. The success of these classes induced Welch to devote herself full time to history.[3] She became a regular lecturer on American history at the Buffalo Seminary, St. Margaret’s school, Buffalo; Mrs. Sylvanus Reed‘s school, New York; The Misses Masters School, Dobbs Ferry, New York; and Ogontz school, Pennsylvania (now Penn State Abington), Cornell University, and the Chautauqua Assembly. In February, 1891, she gave a series of six lectures in the Berkeley Lyceum Theater in New York City,[6] on the advice of her friend and former townswoman, Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston. With every lecture, Welch’s audience grew in numbers; some of the attendees included Preston, Mrs. William Collins Whitney, Anne Wroe Scollay Curtis, Mrs. Edwin Lawrence Godkin, Rev. Dr. Morgan Dix, President Seth Low of Columbia University, Dorman Bridgman Eaton, and the Rev. Dr. Charles Deems.[4]

Welch was the first American woman to lecture at Cambridge University, and whose work was accepted by the British Association.[2] She was a pioneer among American women in talking about American history in the form of extended lecture courses. Her writings on this topic were voluminous and valuable.[3]

Personal life
Welch traveled extensively in the US, as well as in Great Britain, France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland and Germany.[2] She lived at 514 Delaware Avenue in Buffalo for 30 years.[1] Welch died in 1931 and was buried at Forest Lawn Cemetery.[5]



Vecor’s World: Down hill ride
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KarmaTube: Home Turf
The images of a roaring turf fire warm us as we watch this video of a way of life that is swiftly fading. Headed out on his motorbike with a spade and a pitch fork, a man joins others who share with him the difficult but companionable work of cutting turf to heat their homes. Set in County Kerry, in southwestern Ireland, this poignant film documents the vanishing traditional way of cutting turf from the bog, which is quickly being replaced by machines.
Ozy..com Superwomen of Silicon Valley -> What They Are Reading

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Between propriety and joy choose joy.
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Please help me prepare for the panel by telling me: what questions would YOU like to ask a paranormal suspense panel?

The conference is next weekend, so I’ll report back here shortly and let you know how it went.
Thank you in advance for your comments!
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FYI March 10, 2018



On This Day

1891 – Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
The Strowger switch is the first commercially successful electromechanical stepping switch telephone exchange system. It was developed by the Strowger Automatic Telephone Exchange Company founded in 1891 by Almon Brown Strowger. Because of its operational characteristics it is also known as a step-by-step (SXS) switch.

Strowger, an undertaker, was motivated to invent an automatic telephone exchange after having difficulties with the local telephone operators, one of whom was the wife of a competitor. He was said to be convinced that she, as one of the manual telephone exchange operators, was sending calls “to the undertaker” to her husband.[1]

He conceived his invention in 1888, and was awarded a patent for an automatic telephone exchange in 1891. The initial model was made from a round collar box and some straight pins.[2]

While Almon Strowger devised the initial concept, he was not alone in his endeavors and sought the assistance of his brother Arnold, nephew William, and others with a knowledge of electricity and financing to realize the concept. The Strowger Automatic Telephone Exchange Company was founded in 1891.[2]

The company installed and opened the first commercial exchange in his then-home town of La Porte, Indiana on November 3, 1892, with about 75 subscribers and a capacity for 99. It used two telegraph type keys on the telephone, which had to be tapped the correct number of times to step the switch, but the use of separate keys with separate conductors to the exchange was not practical for a commercial system. Early advertising called the new invention the “girl-less, cuss-less, out-of-order-less, wait-less telephone”. [3]

The Strowger Automatic Telephone Exchange Company became the Automatic Electric Company, which Strowger was involved in founding, although Strowger himself seems not to have been involved in further developments. The Strowger patents were exclusively licensed to the Automatic Electric Company. Strowger sold his patents in 1896 for US$1,800 and sold his share in Automatic Electric in 1898 for US$10,000. His patents subsequently sold for US$2.5 million in 1916. Company engineers continued development of the Strowger designs and submitted several patents in the names of its employees.

The Strowger system was widely used until the development of the more reliable crossbar switch, an electromechanical switch with a matrix of vertical and horizontal bars and simpler motions.


Born On This Day

1867 – Lillian Wald, American nurse, humanitarian, and author, founded the Henry Street Settlement (d. 1940)
Lillian D. Wald (March 10, 1867 – September 1, 1940) was an American nurse, humanitarian and author. She was known for contributions to human rights and was the founder of American community nursing.[1] She founded the Henry Street Settlement in New York City and was an early advocate to have nurses in public schools.

After growing up in Ohio and New York, Wald became a nurse. She briefly attended medical school and began to teach community health classes. After founding the Henry Street Settlement, she became an activist for the rights of women and minorities. She campaigned for suffrage and was a supporter of racial integration. She was involved in the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Wald died in 1940 at the age of 73.

Early life and education
Wald was born into a German-Jewish middle-class family in Cincinnati, Ohio; her father was an optical dealer. In 1878, she moved with her family to Rochester, New York. She attended Miss Cruttenden’s English-French Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies. She applied to Vassar College at the age of 16, but the school thought that she was too young. In 1889, she attended New York Hospital’s School of Nursing. She graduated from the New York Hospital Training School for Nurses in 1891, then took courses at the Woman’s Medical College.[2]

Nursing career
Wald worked for a time at the New York Juvenile Asylum (now Children’s Village), an orphanage where conditions were poor. By 1893, she left medical school and started to teach a home class on nursing for poor immigrant families on New York City’s Lower East Side at the Hebrew Technical School for Girls. Shortly thereafter, she began to care for sick Lower East Side residents as a visiting nurse. Along with another nurse, Mary Brewster, she moved into a spartan room near her patients, in order to care for them better. Around that time she coined the term “public health nurse” to describe nurses whose work is integrated into the public community.[3]

Wald advocated for nursing in public schools. Her ideas led the New York Board of Health to organize the first public nursing system in the world. She was the first president of the National Organization for Public Health Nursing. Wald established a nursing insurance partnership with Metropolitan Life Insurance Company that became a model for many other corporate projects. She suggested a national health insurance plan and helped to found the Columbia University School of Nursing.[2] Wald authored two books relating to her community health work, The House on Henry Street (1911) and Windows on Henry Street (1934).

Wald founded the Henry Street Settlement. The organization attracted the attention of prominent Jewish philanthropist Jacob Schiff, who secretly provided Wald with money to more effectively help the “poor Russian Jews” whose care she provided. By 1906 Wald had 27 nurses on staff, and she succeeded in attracting broader financial support from such gentiles as Elizabeth Milbank Anderson.[4] By 1913 the staff had grown to 92 people. The Henry Street Settlement eventually developed as the Visiting Nurse Service of New York.[5]

The Henry Street Settlement
Wald’s vision for Henry Street was one unlike any others at the time. Wald believed that every New York City resident was entitled to equal and fair health care regardless of their social status, socio-economic status, race, gender, or age[6]. She argued that everyone should have access to at-home-care. A strong advocate for adequate bed-side manner, Wald believed that regardless of if a person could afford at-home-care, they deserved to be treated with the same level of respect that some who could afford it would be.

Social benefits of the Henry Street Settlement
Arguably one of the most significant changes to the public health sector, the Settlement did much more than just provide better medical care. Primarily focusing on the care of women and children, the Settlement changed the way public health care was in New York City. These programs helped to cut back on time patients spent at hospitals while also making at-home-care more accessible and efficient[6].

Wald was a strong advocate for community support. Much of the Henry Street Settlement’s initial success was from Wald’s diligent and persistent work at cultivating personal relationships with the Settlement’s donors. Wald was also a strong advocate for the social benefit of having donors who dwelled within the community. These benefits included the temporary break-up of families when people were forced to spend time in the hospital, improved the quality of at-home-care, and reduced medical expenses by offering an alternative to hospital stays[7].

Employment of women
Wald provided a unique opportunity for women and employment through the Settlement. In her letters, she speaks with donors about the employment opportunities that are provided to women through the Settlement and the many benefits they offer. One of the most notable benefits was the opportunity for women to have a career and to build their own wealth independent of husbands or families.[5] Employment also provided women with the opportunity to gain independence from their husbands and work outside of the home.




How does Colic, screaming, diapers, nursing etc. play out in this scenario??
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G.H. Davis: Cutaway Master

Courtesy of Just A Car Guy: G.H. Davis: a master of the cutaway
Fantastic story!

Ruth Hensinger ‘s Wedding Dress

Courtesy of Just A Car Guy: the coolest wedding dress I’ve ever heard of, made in 1947 from a nylon parachute which saved the groom’s life during WWII.
Courtesy of Just A Car Guy: turn up the volume


A 24-hour helpline in the UK known as Samaritans helped Sophie Andrews become a survivor of abuse rather than a victim. Now she’s paying the favor back as the founder of The Silver Line, a helpline that supports lonely and isolated older people. In a powerful, personal talk, she shares why the simple act of listening (instead of giving advice) is often the best way to help someone in need.
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