Tag: FYI

FYI July 21, 2019

On This Day

1959 – Elijah Jerry “Pumpsie” Green becomes the first African-American to play for the Boston Red Sox, the last team to integrate. He came in as a pinch runner for Vic Wertz and stayed in as shortstop in a 2–1 loss to the Chicago White Sox.
Elijah Jerry “Pumpsie” Green (October 27, 1933 – July 17, 2019) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) infielder who played with the Boston Red Sox (1959–62) and New York Mets (1963). A switch-hitter who threw right-handed, he was listed as 6 ft (1.83 m) tall and 175 lb (79 kg).

Green had the distinction of being the first black player to play for the Red Sox, the last pre-expansion major-league club to integrate. In his Boston tenure, he was used mostly as a pinch runner or day-off replacement for infielders Pete Runnels and Don Buddin. Green made his debut on July 21, 1959, pinch-running in a 2–1 loss against the Chicago White Sox.



Born On This Day

1896 – Sophie Bledsoe Aberle, Native American anthropologist, physician and nutritionist (d. 1996)
Sophie Bledsoe Aberle (née Herrick; July 21, 1896 – October 1996) was an American anthropologist, physician and nutritionist known for her work with Pueblo people. She was one of two women first appointed to the National Science Board.

Early life and education
Sophie Bledsoe Herrick was born in 1896 to Albert and Clara S. Herrick in Schenectady, New York. Her paternal grandmother and namesake was the writer Sophia Bledsoe Herrick. Sophie was educated at home and had a brief marriage at age 21 that gave her the surname of Aberle.[1][2]

Aberle started to attend University of California in Berkeley but switched to Stanford University, earning a bachelor’s degree in 1923,[2] a master’s degree in 1925, and a Ph.D. in genetics in 1927. She then attended medical school, earning an M.D. from Yale University in 1930. While a student, she worked as an assistant histologist, embryologist, and neurologist, and as an anthropology instructor.[3][4]

Career and research
Though she began her career with a 4-year stint as an instructor at Yale, Aberle spent most of her career working in Native American areas. She was employed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs from 1935 to 1944, then took a position with National Research Council until 1949, and from 1949 to 1954 at the University of New Mexico.[4][5] In 1948, her first major book was published, which placed Aberle as a strong proponent of Pueblo land rights.[4]

She and Gerty Cori were the first women appointed to the National Science Board by President Harry Truman in 1951.[6] Aberle remained a member until 1957. She worked for the Bernalillo County Indian Hospital as its chief nutritionist until 1966 when she returned to the University of New Mexico as a professor of psychiatry, a position she maintained until her 1970 retirement.[4]

Professional service
Aberle spent much of her career working on committees for land allocation and health. She was a member of the upper Rio Grande drainage basin committee, the health committee of the All Indian Pueblo Council, the New Mexico Nutrition Committee, the White House Conference on Children in Democracy, the Committee of Maternal and Infant Mortality, Planned Parenthood, and was the chair of the board of directors for the Southwest Field Training School for Federal Service and the Commission on Rights, Liberties, and Responsibilities of American Indians.[3][4]

Professional memberships
American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Anthropological Association
American Medical Association

The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico, Their Land, Economy and Civil Organization
The Indian: America’s Unfinished Business



Vector’s World: Round table discussion; The Big Banana and more ->

By Michael Harriot, The Root: Man Climbs 15 Stories to Save Mother From Burning Building
After his daring rescue attempt, the brave son said he fully expected to be arrested once he reached the ground. Instead, a police officer on the scene sympathized with Jermaine’s situation and let him go.

“When your adrenaline is pumping and you think your mom is dying, you’ll do anything you can.”

To test this theory, I immediately left a message for my daughter, informing her that I was stuck in a burning building.

“You ok?” she texted back two hours later. “You should tweet at the fire department if you’re in danger.”

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By Urban Griller: Smoked Butter
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FYI July 20, 2019

On This Day

1960 – Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) elects Sirimavo Bandaranaike Prime Minister, the world’s first elected female head of government.
Sirima Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike (Sinhala: සිරිමා රත්වත්තේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක, Tamil: சிறிமா ரத்வத்தே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கே; 17 April 1916 – 10 October 2000), commonly known as Sirimavo Bandaranaike,[note 1] was a Sri Lankan stateswoman. She became the world’s first non-hereditary female head of government in modern history, when she was elected Prime Minister of Sri Lanka in 1960. She served three terms: 1960–1965, 1970–1977 and 1994–2000.

Born into an aristocratic Kandyan family, Bandaranaike was educated in Catholic, English-medium schools, but remained a Buddhist and spoke Sinhala as well as English. On graduating from secondary school, she worked for various social programmes before marrying and raising a family. Playing hostess to her husband S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, who was involved in politics and later became Prime Minister, she gained his trust as an informal advisor. Her social work focused on improving the lives of women and girls in rural areas of Sri Lanka. Following her husband’s assassination in 1959, Sirimavo Bandaranaike entered politics and in 1960 became the first woman elected Prime Minister of a country.

Bandaranaike attempted to reform the former British Colony of Ceylon into a socialist republic by nationalising organisations in the banking, education, industry, media and trade sectors. Changing the administrative language from English to Sinhala, she exacerbated discontent among the native Tamil population, and with the estate Tamils, who had become stateless under the Citizenship Act of 1948. During Bandaranaike’s first two terms as Prime Minister, the country was plagued by high inflation and taxes, a dependence on food imports to feed the populace, high unemployment, and polarisation between the Sinhalese and Tamil populations because of her Sinhalese nationalist policies. Surviving an attempted coup d’état in 1962, as well as a 1971 insurrection of radical youths, in 1972 she oversaw the drafting of a new constitution and the formation of the Sri Lankan republic. In 1975, Bandaranaike created what would eventually become the Sri Lankan Ministry of Women and Child Affairs, also appointing the first woman to serve in the Sri Lankan Cabinet. Bandaranaike’s tenure was marked by inadequate economic development at the national level. She played a large role abroad as a negotiator and a leader among the Non-Aligned Nations.

Ousted from power in the 1977 elections, Bandaranaike was stripped of her civil rights in 1980 for abuses of power during her tenure and barred from government for seven years. Her successors initially improved the domestic economy, but failed to address social issues, and led the country into a protracted civil war. When she returned to party leadership in 1986, Bandaranaike opposed allowing the Indian Peace Keeping Force to intervene in the civil war, believing it violated Sri Lankan sovereignty. Failing to win the office of President in 1988, she served as Leader of the Opposition in the legislature from 1989 to 1994. When her daughter won the presidential election that year, Bandaranaike was appointed to her third term as Prime Minister and served until her retirement in 2000, two months prior to her death.



Born On This Day

1918 – Cindy Walker, American singer-songwriter and dancer (d. 2006)
Cindy Walker (July 20, 1918 – March 23, 2006) was an American songwriter, as well as a country music singer and dancer. As a songwriter Walker was responsible for a large number of popular and enduring songs recorded by many different artists.

She adopted a craftsman-like approach to her songwriting, often tailoring particular songs to specific recording artists. She produced a large body of songs that have been described as “direct, honest and unpretentious”.[1] She had Top 10 hits spread over five decades.[2]

Walker was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1997 and inducted into the Texas Heritage Songwriters Hall of Fame in March 2011.

Early life

Cindy Walker was born on July 20, 1918 on her grandparents’ farm near Mart, Texas (near Mexia, east of Waco), the daughter of a cotton-broker. Her maternal-grandfather F.L. Eiland was a noted composer of hymns and her mother was a fine pianist. From childhood Cindy Walker was fond of poetry and wrote habitually.


As a teenager, inspired by newspaper accounts of the dust storms on the American prairies in the mid-1930s, Walker wrote the song, “Dusty Skies” (later recorded by Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys.[3] In 1936, her “Casa de Mañana” was performed by the Paul Whiteman Orchestra (as part of the Texas Centennial celebrations).[1] By the end of the decade Cindy Walker was singing and dancing in Texas stage shows.[4]

Move to Los Angeles
In 1940, Walker, at the age of 22, accompanied her parents on a business trip to Los Angeles. As they were driving down Sunset Boulevard she asked her father to stop the car near the Bing Crosby Enterprises building. Walker later recalled: “I had decided that if I ever got to Hollywood, I was going to try to show Bing Crosby a song I had written for him called ‘Lone Star Trail'”. Her father said “You’re crazy, girl”, but nonetheless stopped the car.[5] Walker went inside the building to pitch her song and emerged shortly afterward to ask her mother to play the piano for her. Bing Crosby’s brother Larry Crosby had agreed to listen to the song; Walker sang “Lone Star Trail” to him, accompanied by her mother. Larry Crosby was impressed and aware that his brother was looking for a new Western song to record. The next day Cindy played guitar and sang “Lone Star Trail” for Bing Crosby at Paramount Studios (where he was making a movie). Crosby arranged for her to record a demo with Dave Kapp of Decca Records, who was also impressed and offered her a recording contract.[1][3] “Lone Star Trail” was recorded and became a top-ten hit for Bing Crosby.[6]

Performances and recordings
Walker remained in Los Angeles for 13 years. In 1940 she appeared as a singer in the Gene Autry Western Ride, Tenderfoot, Ride. The Decca recording contract led to Walker recording several songs with Texas Jim Lewis and His Lone Star Cowboys, including “Seven Beers with the Wrong Man” in 1941, which was also filmed as an early “Soundie” (a precursor of music videos).[6] In 1944 Walker recorded a song (not her own) which became a top ten hit, “When My Blue Moon Turns to Gold Again”.[4]

Focus on songwriting
Walker successfully pitched her songs to Bob Wills and began to regularly contribute compositions for recordings and the movies that Wills made in the 1940s.[7] The collaboration was extremely fruitful: Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys eventually recorded over 50 of Cindy Walker’s songs, including “Cherokee Maiden” (1941), “Dusty Skies” (1941), “Miss Molly” (1942), “Sugar Moon” (co-written with Bob Wills; 1947) and “Bubbles in My Beer” (1948).[1] Bob Wills and his band performed Walker’s first top-ten country hit, “You’re From Texas” (1944).[8]

Among her other 1940s hits were “Triflin’ Gal” (top-10 records for both Al Dexter and Walter Shrum, 1945);[9]:104, 314 “Warm Red Wine” (Ernest Tubb, 1949),[9]:355 and “Take Me in Your Arms and Hold Me” (Eddy Arnold, 1950).[9]:30 Some sources have erroneously attributed Johnny Bond’s 1948 “Oklahoma Waltz” to her;[10] probably they confused it with her own 1947 composition of that name, co-written with and recorded by Spade Cooley.[11][12]

During the 1950s Walker continued her success as a writer of popular songs. In 1952 Hank Snow had a hit with her “The Gold Rush is Over” and in 1955 Webb Pierce had success with “I Don’t Care”.[1]

Another Walker song was “Blue Canadian Rockies” recorded by Gene Autry (which featured in Autry’s 1952 movie of the same name). The song was revived in 1968 by The Byrds on their influential country-rock album Sweetheart of the Rodeo. In 1955 Eddy Arnold pitched Walker the theme and the song-title for “You Don’t Know Me” when they met during a WSM deejay convention in Nashville. Walker then wrote the song based on Arnold’s idea. It has been described as “a beautifully symmetrical and poignant portrait of a love not to be”.[1]

“You Don’t Know Me” has been recorded by numerous artists over the years, most successfully by Jerry Vale (1956); Lenny Welch (1960); Ray Charles (1962); and Elvis Presley (1967). “Anna Marie”, was a hit for Jim Reeves in 1957 and the beginning of another productive artist-writer association which culminated in “This is It” (1965) and “Distant Drums” (a posthumous hit for Reeves).[1] “Distant Drums” remained at No.1 on the British charts for five weeks in 1966.

Reeves recorded many of Walker’s compositions, she often wrote specifically for him and offered him the right of first refusal of her tracks. “Distant Drums” was originally recorded by Reeves as a demo, simply because he loved the song. Chet Atkins felt the time was not right for an international release. This demo, like many for Reeves, was unearthed upon his death and along with Atkins and Mary Reeves, Walker oversaw the production of the overdub which was to be released in 1966, and became a huge international hit.[citation needed]

In 1961 Eddy Arnold had a minor hit with Walker’s “Jim, I Wore a Tie Today”, a moving song about the death of a cowboy. Cindy Walker wrote the song “Dream Baby (How Long Must I Dream) “, which was recorded by Roy Orbison (who also recorded a version of “Distant Drums”). She originally had little confidence in “Dream Baby”, but Orbison’s recording was a hit in both the US and Britain in 1962, and was a hit again in 1971 for Glen Campbell and in 1983 for Lacy J. Dalton.[1] In 1964 Fred Foster of Monument Records “tempted her back into the studio to record an album, Words and Music by Cindy Walker.[13] Walker’s song “In the Misty Moonlight” was a hit for both Jerry Wallace (1964) and Dean Martin (1967) as well as being recorded by Jim Reeves. “Heaven Says Hello” (recorded by Sonny James) and “You Are My Treasure” (Jack Greene) were hits in 1968, both written by Walker.[1]
Honors, awards and tributes

In 1970 Walker became a charter member of the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame.[3] In 1981 Mickey Gilley’s version of “You Don’t Know Me” was a hit in the country charts. A year later Walker had her last major hit with Ricky Skaggs’ reworking of “I Don’t Care”.[1]

It has been estimated that more than 500 of Walker’s songs have been recorded[3] and that her songs made the Top 40 charts (country or pop) more than 400 times.[8] In September 1997 Walker was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame (together another songwriter, Harlan Howard). During her acceptance speech, Walker recited some verse she had written for the occasion:

In the 1980s, my mother bought me a dress for a BMI affair and she said “when they put you in the Hall of Fame, that’s the dress I want you to wear.” And I said “Oh Mama, the Hall of Fame? Why that will never be.” And the years went by, but my mother’s words remained in my memory. And I know tonight she’d be happy, though she’s gone now to her rest. But I think of all that she did for me, and tonight I’m wearing this dress.[14]

Her speech was followed by a standing ovation and Walker left the stage in tears after softly blowing a kiss. During the proceedings renowned songwriter (and fellow Hall of Fame inductee) Harlan Howard described Walker as “the greatest living songwriter of country music”.[15]

In 1998, Walker was inducted into the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame. In 2001 the Country Music Television network honored the 40 Greatest Women in Country Music. The women were selected for their contribution to the genre by a survey of hundreds of American artists and music historians and Walker was ranked No. 32.

In March 2006, Willie Nelson released You Don’t Know Me: The Songs of Cindy Walker, an album featuring 13 of Walker’s well-known songs.

Personal life
In her personal life, Walker shunned the limelight. It was often reported that she never married, though in an interview with The New York Times shortly before her death, Walker stated she once had “a very short-lived marriage”. After her stint in Los Angeles she returned to Texas in 1954, living in Mexia in a modest three-bedroom house with her widowed mother, Oree.[citation needed]

Walker’s custom was rise at dawn each day to write songs. She typed her lyrics on a pink-trimmed manual typewriter and Oree Walker helped work out melodies for her daughter’s words. Each year Walker and her mother would operate from an apartment in Nashville for five months or so in order to market the songs.[8] Oree Walker died in 1991. In a 2004 interview Walker stated: “I miss Mama every day”.[3]

Walker died at age 87 near her home — at the Parkview Regional Hospital in Mexia, Texas, on March 23, 2006. She died nine days after Willie Nelson’s tribute album was released. She had been ill for several weeks prior to her death.[15] She was buried in the Mexia City Cemetery. Her family had a custom-designed sculpture created for her gravestone to honor the songwriter and her work. The memorial sculpture is a large pink-granite guitar (in her signature color).[16]

Charting singles
Year Single Peak positions
US Country
1944 “When My Blue Moon Turns to Gold Again”

See also
Biography portal

Mr. Texas (film 1951)



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FYI July 19, 2019

On This Day

1545 – The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology.
The Mary Rose is a carrack-type warship of the English Tudor navy of King Henry VIII. She served for 33 years in several wars against France, Scotland, and Brittany, then was substantially rebuilt in 1536. She saw her last action on 19 July 1545. She led the attack on the galleys of a French invasion fleet, but she sank in the Solent, the straits north of the Isle of Wight.

The wreck of the Mary Rose was discovered in 1971 and was raised on 11 October 1982 by the Mary Rose Trust in one of the most complex and expensive maritime salvage projects in history. The surviving section of the ship and thousands of recovered artefacts are of immeasurable value as a Tudor-era time capsule. The excavation and raising of the Mary Rose was a milestone in the field of maritime archaeology, comparable in complexity and cost to the raising of the Swedish 17th-century warship Vasa in 1961.

The finds include weapons, sailing equipment, naval supplies, and a wide array of objects used by the crew. Many of the artefacts are unique to the Mary Rose and have provided insights into topics ranging from naval warfare to the history of musical instruments. The remains of the hull have been on display at the Portsmouth Historic Dockyard since the mid-1980s while undergoing restoration. An extensive collection of well-preserved artefacts is on display at the Mary Rose Museum, built to display the remains of the ship and its artefacts.

The Mary Rose was one of the largest ships in the English navy through more than three decades of intermittent war, and she was one of the earliest examples of a purpose-built sailing warship. She was armed with new types of heavy guns that could fire through the recently invented gun-ports. She was substantially rebuilt in 1536 and was also one of the earliest ships that could fire a broadside, although the line of battle tactics had not yet been developed. Several theories have sought to explain the demise of the Mary Rose, based on historical records, knowledge of 16th-century shipbuilding, and modern experiments. The precise cause of her sinking is still unclear because of conflicting testimonies and a lack of conclusive physical evidence.



Born On This Day

1970 – Bill Chen, American poker player and software designer
William “Bill” Chen (born 1970 in Williamsburg, Virginia) is an American quantitative analyst, poker player, and software designer.


Chen holds a Ph.D. in mathematics (1999) from the University of California, Berkeley. He was an undergraduate at Washington University in St. Louis triple-majoring in Physics, Math, and Computer Science, and was also a research intern in Washington University’s Computer Science SURA Program where he co-wrote a technical report inventing an Argument Game. He heads the Statistical arbitrage department at Susquehanna International Group.

Poker career
At the 2006 World Series of Poker Chen won two events, a $3,000 limit Texas hold ’em event with a prize of $343,618, and a $2,500 no limit hold ’em short-handed event with a prize of $442,511. Prior to these events Chen’s largest tournament win was for $41,600 at a no limit hold ’em event at the Bicycle Casino’s Legends of Poker in 2000.[2]

Chen has been a longtime participant[3] in the rec.gambling.poker newsgroup and its B.A.R.G.E offshoot. He has also been a member of Team PokerStars.[4]

With Jerrod Ankenman, Chen coauthored The Mathematics of Poker, an introduction to quantitative techniques and game theory as applied to poker.

In February 2009, he appeared on Poker After Dark’s “Brilliant Minds” week, finishing in 5th place after his A♦ 3♦ lost to Jimmy Warren’s A♠ A♥ after Chen pushed all-in on a flop of A♣ 3♣ Q♦.

As of 2017, his total live tournament winnings exceed $1,900,000.[2] His 38 cashes at the WSOP account for over $1,725,000 of those winnings.[1]




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FYI July 17 & 18, 2019

On This Day

1902 – Willis Carrier creates the first air conditioner in Buffalo, New York.
Willis Haviland Carrier (November 26, 1876 – October 7, 1950) was an American engineer, best known for inventing modern air conditioning. Carrier invented the first electrical air conditioning unit in 1902. In 1915, he founded Carrier Corporation, a company specializing in the manufacture and distribution of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems.


1872 – The Ballot Act 1872 in the United Kingdom introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections be held by secret ballot.
The Ballot Act 1872 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections in the United Kingdom be held by secret ballot.[1][2][3]

Employers and land owners had been able to use their sway over employees and tenants to influence the vote, either by being present themselves or by sending representatives to check on the votes as they were being cast. Radicals, such as the Chartists, had long campaigned for this system to end with the introduction of a secret ballot.[4][5]

The Representation of the People Act 1867 (the Second Reform Act) enfranchised the skilled working class in borough constituencies, and it was felt that, due to their economic circumstances, these voters would be particularly susceptible to bribery, intimidation, or blackmail.[6][7] The radical John Bright expressed concerns that tenants would face the threat of eviction were they to vote against the wishes of their landlord. It fell to Edward Aldam Leatham, husband of John Bright’s sister, to introduce the Ballot Act on leave.[6]

Many within the establishment had opposed the introduction of a secret ballot. They felt that pressure from patrons on tenants was legitimate and that a secret ballot was simply unmanly and cowardly. Lord Russell voiced his opposition to the creation of a culture of secrecy in elections which he believed should be public affairs. He saw it as ‘an obvious prelude from household to universal suffrage’.[citation needed]

Election spending at the time was unlimited, and many voters would take bribes from both sides. While the secret ballot might have had some effect in reducing corruption in British politics, the Corrupt and Illegal Practices Prevention Act 1883 formalised the position and is seen by many[who?] to have been the key legislation in the attempts to end electoral corruption.

This Act, in combination with the Municipal Elections Act 1875[8] and the Parliamentary Elections (Returning Officers) Act 1875,[9] is considered to have ushered in the electoral practices of today.[1]

Effect of the Act
The secret ballot mandated by the Act was first used on 15 August 1872 to re-elect Hugh Childers as MP for Pontefract in a ministerial by-election, following his appointment as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. The original ballot box, sealed in wax with a liquorice stamp, is held at Pontefract museum.[10] 16% of those who voted were illiterate and special arrangements had to be made to record their previously open oral votes.[11]

The Ballot Act 1872 was of particular importance in Ireland, as it enabled tenants to vote against the landlord class in parliamentary elections. The principal result of the Act was seen in the General Election of 1880, which marked the end of a landlord interest in both Ireland and Great Britain.[12]

Effect abroad
The Act inspired Belgian minister Jules Malou to implement a similar system in Belgium, which he did with the act of 9 July 1877 (la loi du 9 juillet 1877 sur le secret du vote et les fraudes électorales).[13] The following elections of 1878 were a victory for the Liberal Party.

Born On This Day

1921 – Mary Osborne, American guitarist (d. 1992)
Mary Osborne (July 17, 1921 – March 4, 1992) was an American jazz guitarist.
Osborne was born in Minot, North Dakota, the tenth of eleven children. Her family was musically inclined; her mother played guitar and her father, in addition to constructing violins, allowed his barbershop to be the meeting place for the town’s musicians.[1]:260 As early as 3 years of age, she showed an interest in music. Osborne’s earliest instruments included piano, ukulele, violin, and banjo. At age nine, she first played the guitar. At ten, she started playing banjo in her father’s ragtime band. She also came to be featured on her own radio program, which she would continue to perform on twice weekly until she was fifteen. At twelve she started her own trio of girls to perform in Bismarck, North Dakota. The music she was playing during this time period was largely “hillbilly”, or country music, in which the guitar was simply used to accompany her own vocals.[2]

At the age of fifteen, Osborne joined a trio led by pianist Winifred McDonnell, for which she played guitar, double bass, and sang. During this time, she heard Charlie Christian play electric guitar in Al Trent’s band at a stop in Bismarck. She was enthralled by his sound, at first mistaking the electric guitar for a saxophone. She said of it, “What impressed everyone most of all was his sense of time. He had a relaxed, even beat that would sound modern even today.”[3] Osborne immediately bought her own electric guitar and had a friend build an amplifier.[4] She sat in with Christian, learning his style of guitar.[3] Later, McDonnell’s trio got absorbed into Buddy Rogers’s band, after Rogers heard them play in St. Louis. But within a year of the band moving to New York in 1940, the trio broke up and left Rogers’s band, having found husbands. Osborne married trumpeter Ralph Scaffidi, who encouraged her musical career.

In the 1940s, Osborne sat in on jam sessions on 52nd Street, where she played with some of the biggest names in jazz and quickly made a name for herself. In 1941 she went on the road with jazz violinist Joe Venuti. In 1942 she was working freelance in Chicago when she made a recording with Stuff Smith. In 1945 Osborne headlined a performance with Dizzy Gillespie, Art Tatum, Coleman Hawkins, and Thelonious Monk in Philadelphia, to reviews and audiences that praised her specifically.[5] Osborne, Tatum, and Hawkins went on to record in concert in New Orleans. In 1945 Osborne moved back to New York. There she recorded with Mary Lou Williams in 1945, Coleman Hawkins, Mercer Ellington, and Beryl Booker in 1946, and led her own swing trio. Her trio lasted from 1945–1948 and played in clubs on 52nd street, had a year-long engagement at Kelly’s Stables, and made several recordings. Throughout the 1950s, she played with Elliot Lawrence’s Quartet on The Jack Sterling Show, a daily morning CBS radio program, and appeared on the television show Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts.[6] The last few years of the decade she spent recording, both with Tyree Glenn and as a leader. Shortly after, Osborne felt that she had been doing the same thing musically for too long and wanted a change. In 1962 she started learning Spanish classical guitar under Alberto Valdez-Blaine. She used classical techniques, such as pick-less playing, in her jazz playing.[1]:264

In 1968, Osborne moved and settled into Bakersfield, California, where she lived the rest of her life. With her husband, she started the Osborne Guitar Company. She taught music and continued to play jazz locally and in Los Angeles. She played in the Newport and Concord festivals in the early 1970s, and in the Kool Jazz Festival in New York in 1981. In 1989 and 1990, she played at the Los Angeles Classic Jazz Festival, and in 1990 also played at the Playboy Jazz Marathon. In 1991, in what would be her final performances, Osborne returned to The Village Vanguard in New York for a week-long engagement.[2][7]

Osborne died in March 1992 at the age of 70, the result of mesothelioma cancer.[4]

Partial discography
A Girl and Her Guitar (Warwick, 1959)
Now’s the Time (Halcyon, 1977)
Now and Then (Stash, 1981)[8]
Esquire’s All-American Hot Jazz Sessions (RCA, 1988) with the 52nd Street All-Stars, RCA Studio 2, New York City, February 27, 1946. Produced by Leonard Feather

With Louis Bellson and Gene Krupa
The Mighty Two (Roulette, 1963)




1900 – Nathalie Sarraute, French lawyer and author (d. 1999)
Nathalie Sarraute (French: [natali saʁot]; July 18, 1900 – October 19, 1999) was a French lawyer and writer.

Personal life
Sarraute was born Natalia Ilinichna Tcherniak (Russian Ната́лья Ильи́нична Черня́к, Natalya Chernyak) in Ivanovo (then known as Ivanovo-Voznesensk), 300 km north-east of Moscow in 1900 (although she frequently referred to the year of her birth as 1902, a date still cited in some reference works). She was the daughter of Pauline (née Chatounovsky), a writer, and Ilya Tcherniak, a chemist.[1] She was of Russian Jewish origin. Following the divorce of her parents, she spent her childhood shuttled between France and Russia. In 1909 she moved to Paris with her father. Sarraute studied law and literature at the prestigious Sorbonne, having a particular fondness for contemporary literature and the works of Marcel Proust and Virginia Woolf, who greatly affected her conception of the novel, then later studied history at Oxford and sociology in Berlin, before passing the French bar exam (1926–1941) and becoming a lawyer.

In 1925, she married Raymond Sarraute, a fellow lawyer, with whom she would have three daughters. In 1932 she wrote her first book, Tropismes, a series of brief sketches and memories that set the tone for her entire oeuvre. The novel was first published in 1939, although the impact of World War II stunted its popularity. In 1941, Sarraute, who was Jewish, was barred from working as a lawyer as a result of the Vichy regime’s anti-Jewish laws. During this time, she went into hiding and made arrangements to divorce her husband in an effort to protect him (although they would eventually stay together).

Sarraute died at the age of 99 in Paris, France. Her daughter, the journalist Claude Sarraute, was married to French Academician Jean-François Revel.



David at Raptitude: Let’s Talk Like We Used To
By Hazel Cills, Jezebel: Judge Who Was Nice to Alleged Rapist Because He Came From a ‘Good Family’ Has Resigned
By Ben Kesslen, NBC: No more ‘manholes’: Berkeley, California, removing all gendered language from city code “A male-centric municipal code doesn’t reflect the reality of the city of Berkeley,” a city council member said.
Soon, Berkeley will formally refer to the “manholes” as “maintenance holes.”
By Jen Fitzpatrick SVP, Geo: A moonlit tribute to a moon landing icon
By AC Shilton, Pocket Outside: How Farming Saved My Body Image After giving up competitive running, cycling, and triathlon, I bought a farm in Tennessee. I didn’t know at the time how challenging—and life-affirming—growing my own food would be.
By Ted Conover, Folio: The Last Frontier Homesteaders on the margins of America
By Shane Cashman, Narratively: What Happens To Your Stuff When You Die? I Take Care Of That. Inside the poignant, bizarre, and necessary world of tending to the belongings of the deceased.
By Dan Mangan, CNBC: Martin Shkreli upheld by federal appeals court
By Joan Michelson, Forbes: Advice For Girls And Women From Soledad O’Brien
By Christine Schmidt, NiemanLab: Local news projects rush to fill The Vindicator’s void, with the McClatchy-Google network putting down roots “We’re ultimately trying to do this as small and nimble as possible so that we can be seeing what’s working and throw out what’s not — and quickly being able to shift in a way that’s a little bit harder when you’re working with a 150-year-old newspaper.”
By Christine Schmidt, NiemanLab: Hey comment mods, you doin’ okay? A new study shows moderating uncivil comments reduces the moderator’s trust in news “The toll of moderating uncivil comments may be much stronger for moderators putting in several hours or a full day.”
One bullet. He can not be rehabilitated nor can he atone for either crime.
By Danae Leake, KSLA 12 News: Tenant behind on rent accused of murdering ‘Miss Sadie’, founder of African American history museum
Investigators charged Bell with Roberts-Joseph’s death Tuesday. He was already in jail for failing to register as a sex offender. Bell is a registered sex offender and was convicted in a 2004 case involving the rape of an 8-year-old girl. Bell pleaded guilty in 2007 to sexual battery under best interest of the victim and her family. He served the entire sentence, so he was not under probation, but still has to follow certain guidelines as a sex offender. He was released from prison April 12, 2013.
By Safia Samee Ali: ‘They’re like soldiers’: Chicago’s children are learning to save lives amid the gunfire “Young people aren’t able to be young people. They’re being forced to be adults starting at a young age,” said the founder of an anti-violence group.
Posted by Fadi Biadsy, Research Scientist and Ron Weiss, Software Engineer, Google Research: Parrotron: New Research into Improving Verbal Communication for People with Speech Impairments
By Emily Saul and Lia Eustachewich, The New York Post: Woman who dodged El Chapo hit speaks at drug lord’s sentencing
The Rural Blog: Opioid distribution database shows rural counties inundated with legal pain pills from 2006-2012; see county-level data; Counties want Medicaid coverage for inmates awaiting trial and more ->
The Rural Blog: Aided by global warming, ticks spread to new areas of U.S., bringing diseases that threaten humans and animals; Study finds that adverse childhood experiences increase risk of opioid addiction, relapse after treatment; Facebook announces 23 winners of grants meant to boost community journalism; several have rural resonance and more ->
Open Culture: Beatles Songs Re-Imagined as Vintage Book Covers and Magazine Pages: “Drive My Car,” “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” & More; The Romanovs’ Last Spectacular Ball Brought to Life in Color Photographs (1903; Alan Turing Will Be Featured on England’s New £50 Banknote and more ->)
Open Culture: An Animated Introduction to the Magical Fictions of Jorge Luis Borges; Richard Feynman’s Technique for Learning Something New: An Animated Introduction and more ->
By Christine Schmidt, Nieman Lab: Attempting a meta-network for local news, Facebook announces community-building grantees Recipients include 100 Days in Appalachia, Block Club Chicago, Chalkbeat, and the Tyler Loop, among others.


By ottoNL: Weather Based Music Generator (ESP8266 Based Midi Generator)
By maxkip: TacoCat


By jmdushi: Dulce De Leche Parfait With a Touch of Advocaat
By UrbanGriller: Wood-fired Pizza on a Gas Grill
By mportatoes: 3-2-1 Smoked Ribs




FYI July 16, 2019

On This Day

1790 – The District of Columbia is established as the capital of the United States after signature of the Residence Act.
The Residence Act of 1790, officially titled An Act for establishing the temporary and permanent seat of the Government of the United States (1 Stat. 130), was a United States federal statute adopted during the second session of the First United States Congress, and signed into law by President George Washington on July 16, 1790. The Act provided for a national capital and permanent seat of government to be established at a site along the Potomac River and empowered President Washington to appoint commissioners to oversee the project. It also set a deadline of December 1800 for the capital to be ready, and designated Philadelphia as the nation’s temporary capital while the new seat of government was being built. At the time, the federal government was operating out of New York City.

Congress passed the Residence Act as part of a compromise brokered among James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and Alexander Hamilton. Madison and Jefferson favored a southerly site for the capital on the Potomac River, but they lacked a majority to pass the measure through Congress. Meanwhile, Hamilton was pushing for Congress to pass the Assumption Bill, to allow the Federal government to assume debts accumulated by the states during the American Revolutionary War. With the compromise, Hamilton was able to muster support from the New York State congressional delegation for the Potomac site, while four delegates (all from districts bordering the Potomac) switched from opposition to support for the Assumption Bill.[1]



Born On This Day

1903 – Irmgard Flügge-Lotz, German mathematician and engineer (d. 1974)[7]
Irmgard Flügge-Lotz, née Lotz (16 July 1903 – 22 May 1974) was a German-American mathematician, aerospace engineer, and control theorist. She was a pioneer in the development of the theory of discontinuous automatic control, which has found wide application in hysteresis control systems; such applications include guidance systems, electronics, fire-control systems, and temperature regulation. She became the first female engineering professor at Stanford University in 1961 and the first female engineer elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.




By Drew Magary: I Cannot Play On The F’ing Floor With These Kids One More Second
By Bradley Brownell: The Electric Harley-Davidson LiveWire Is a Shockingly Fun Bid for the Future
By Jennings Brown: Founder of Neo-Nazi Site Daily Stormer Ordered to Pay $14 Million to Target of Racist ‘Troll Storm’
Gizmodo Science: Some Edible Insects Beat Orange Juice and Olive Oil in Antioxidant Test; Another Thing Killing Coral Reefs: Our Poop and more ->
By Chris Ciaccia | Fox News: Apollo 11: Secret Nixon speech reveals what would happen if Armstrong and Aldrin couldn’t come back
By William J. Dowd: Marty Riskin and Bette Keva – ‘Pickles in the Mist’ column is a labor of love for Marblehead pair
By Alejandro Serrano and Javonte Anderson, Chicago Tribune: ‘Exhausted’ alligator ‘put up a little fight’ but was caught in Chicago’s Humboldt Park Lagoon
By Bill Chappell, NPR: Chance The Snapper Is Snared: Alligator Caught After A Wild Week In Chicago Park
Noting Chicago’s reputation as the City of Big Shoulders, Gandurski said it’s also a city of big hearts. The alligator brought people together, she said, as the idea of a gator in their city captured their imaginations. The website Block Club Chicago held a contest to name the animal — Chance the Snapper won out over competing entries such as Croc Obama, Frank Lloyd Bite and Ruth Gator Ginsburg.
PetaPixel: Sony a7R IV: First Impressions and Real-World Photos
The Rural Blog: Rural Illinois weekly proves that print story can go viral, even without getting published online; About half of rural counties gained non-farm jobs in year since May 2018, but most new jobs went to largest cities; Reporters argue that new Iowa ag-gag law violates free speech and more ->
Gastro Obscura: The indigenous tribes fighting to reclaim stevia; Māori Gardens; Sumo Wrestler Stew and more ->
FROM DEBRA + LARRY: We’re Back! The Taste of Place, Animal Art in the City, Come-Again Harvest

Open Culture: Behold Fantastical Illustrations from the 13th Century Arabic Manuscript Marvels of Things Created and Miraculous Aspects of Things Existing; The Principles for Success by Entrepreneur & Investor Ray Dalio: A 30-Minute Animated Primer and more ->
The Passive Voice: ‘Bletchley Park and D-Day’ Review and more ->
Archie McPhee: Monsters, Eyeballs and Rubber Chickens


A Taste of Alaska: Blueberries and Leaving the Freezer door open




FYI July 14 & 15, 2019

On This Day

1943 – In Diamond, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
George Washington Carver National Monument is a unit of the National Park Service in Newton County, Missouri. The national monument was founded on July 14, 1943, by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who dedicated $30,000 to the monument. It was the first national monument dedicated to a black American and first to a non-president.[4]

The site preserves of the boyhood home of George Washington Carver, as well as the 1881 Moses Carver house and the Carver cemetery. His boyhood home consists of rolling hills, woodlands, and prairies.[4] The 240-acre (97 ha) park has a ​3⁄4-mile (1.2 km) nature trail, film, museum, and an interactive exhibit area for students.

The park is two miles west of Diamond along Missouri Route V and approximately ten miles southeast of Joplin.[5]

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966.[3]

See more ->


1834 – The Spanish Inquisition is officially disbanded after nearly 356 years.
The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition (Spanish: Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición), commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition (Inquisición española), was established in 1478 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. It was intended to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms and to replace the Medieval Inquisition, which was under Papal control. It became the most substantive of the three different manifestations of the wider Catholic Inquisition along with the Roman Inquisition and Portuguese Inquisition. The “Spanish Inquisition” may be defined broadly, operating in Spain and in all Spanish colonies and territories, which included the Canary Islands, the Spanish Netherlands, the Kingdom of Naples, and all Spanish possessions in North, Central, and South America. According to modern estimates, around 150,000 were prosecuted for various offenses during the three-century duration of the Spanish Inquisition, out of which between 3,000 and 5,000 were executed (3% of all cases).

The Inquisition was originally intended primarily to identify heretics among those who converted from Judaism and Islam to Catholicism. The regulation of the faith of newly converted Catholics was intensified after the royal decrees issued in 1492 and 1502 ordering Jews and Muslims to convert to Catholicism or leave Castile.[1] The Inquisition was not definitively abolished until 1834, during the reign of Isabella II, after a period of declining influence in the preceding century.

The Spanish Inquisition is often cited in popular literature and history as an example of religious intolerance and repression. Some historians have come to conclude that many of the charges levied against the Inquisition are exaggerated, and are a result of the Black Legend produced by political and religious enemies of Spain, especially England.[2]


Born On This Day

1920 – Marijohn Wilkin, American country and gospel songwriter (d. 2006)
Marijohn Wilkin (July 14, 1920 – October 28, 2006), née Melson, was an American songwriter, famous in the country music genre for writing a number of hits. Wilkin won numerous awards over the years and was referred to as “The Den Mother of Music Row,” as chronicled in her 1978 biography from Word Books–Lord, Let Me Leave a Song (authored with Darryl E. Hicks), honored as “One of the 100 Most Important Books about Nashville’s Music Industry!”[1]


Wilkin was born in Kemp, Texas and raised in Sanger, north of Dallas. She became a teacher, and was widowed when her husband Bedford Russell was killed in World War II. She remarried in 1946, with one son; her 1950 marriage to Art Wilkin, Jr. was her third.

Her father, a baker, had been a fiddle player. From 1955 she toured with Red Foley, and in 1956 her songs were recorded by Mitchell Torok and Wanda Jackson. In 1958 she moved to Nashville, and had major hits, written with John D. Loudermilk, for Stonewall Jackson (the number one country hit “Waterloo”, which also made the pop top ten) and Jimmy C. Newman.

Wilkin also wrote “The Long Black Veil” for Lefty Frizzell (with Danny Dill), the classic “Cut Across Shorty” for Eddie Cochran (with Wayne P. Walker), and “I Just Don’t Understand” which became a pop hit for Ann-Margret and was covered by The Beatles. Although she was primarily a country songwriter, her songs have been recorded by several pop and rock acts, including Rod Stewart and Mick Jagger. Wilkin herself also recorded occasionally for Columbia Records and Dot Records in the 1960s and at times worked as a background vocalist. She is billed simply as “Marijohn” on a few of her recordings. On DOT records she also recorded under the name “Romi Spain.”

Marijohn Wilkin may be most famous for “One Day at a Time”, often considered the biggest gospel song of the 1970s. Wilkin wrote the song in 1973 with some assistance by her former protégé, Kris Kristofferson. The song won a Dove Award from the Gospel Music Association in 1975 (see also: Dove Award for Song of the Year). The song was a top 20 country single for Marilyn Sellars in 1974 and hit No. 37 on Billboard’s Hot 100 pop chart. It also launched a career as a gospel recording artist for Wilkin, who released several albums on Word Records. A remake became a No. 1 country hit for Cristy Lane in 1980 and has since been recorded more than 200 times.[2] Even though written as a personal worship song, it has also been recognized as “One of the Top 50 Southern Gospel Songs.” [3]

Johnny Duncan and Ed Bruce were among the many songwriters she helped get a foothold in the music business. Kris Kristofferson was in the Army with one of her distant cousins, so he sent some of his work to her at Buckhorn, her publishing company. She became the first to publish his songs, notably “For the good times”. In 1970 it became a massive pop and country hit for Ray Price, and hundreds have since recorded it. Wilkin is credited for the discovery of Kristofferson and being the first person to give him work as a legitimate songwriter.

Wilkin’s son, John “Bucky” Wilkin, became the frontman of the 1960s surf rock group Ronny & the Daytonas, whose 1964 debut single “G.T.O.” reached No. 4 on the Billboard Pop Singles chart.[4]

In 1975, Marijohn was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame.[5]

Wilkin formed a new publishing company, 17th Avenue Music. It became profitable when its songs were recorded by LeAnn Rimes. In 2005, Wilkin was honored by the SOURCE organization as a pioneering Music Row businesswoman. This was her last notable public appearance. She died of heart disease in October 2006. Her last marriage was to the record producer Clarence Selman in 1967.

Ballads of the Blue and Gray (Columbia, 1962)
Country and Western Songs (Columbia Harmony, c. 1963)
I Have Returned (Word, 1974)
I Thought Of God
Isn’t it Wonderful (Word, 1975)
Where I’m Going (Word, 1975)
Reach Up and Touch God’s Hand (Word, 1976)
Higher Than High (Word, 1977)
Lord, Leave Me a Song (Word, 1978)
One Day at A Time (Word, 1980)
A Little Bit of Jesus (Word, 1981)
His Kind of Love (Buckhorn Music Publishers, UNK date)

1793 – Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps, American educator, author, editor (d. 1884)[2]
Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps (July 15, 1793 – July 15, 1884) was a 19th-century American educator, author, and editor. Though she primarily wrote regarding nature, she also was a writer of novels, essays, and memoir.[1]

Phelps was a native of Connecticut. Her long and active life was devoted to the education of young women. She published several popular[2] science textbooks in the fields of botany, chemistry, and geology.[3] Some of her works worthy of special commemoration include, The Blue Ribbon Society; The School Girls Rebellion; Christian Households; Familiar Lectures on Botany; Our Country and its Relation to the Present, Past and Future; and The Fireside Friend.[4] Her views on topics ranging from elocution to corsets are contained in Lectures to Young Ladies, Comprising Outlines and Applications of the Different Branches of Female Education for the User of Female Schools, and Private Libraries.[5]



By Stephen A. Crockett Jr.: Watch: White Security Guard Pulls Gun on Black Cop in Full Uniform Because the Black Cop Had a Gun
By Erin Marquis, Jalopnik: Someone Please Return My Rattlesnake, Radioactive Uranium, and My Open Bottle of Kentucky Deluxe
By Kevin Pang, The Takeout: We tried the KFC Cheetos sandwich so now you’ll have to
By Benjamin P. Hardy, Inc.: 30 Behaviors of Unstoppable People There are those few in every field who don’t seem to be in competition with anyone else, yet others are in competition with them. They are unstoppable.
By Brittany Hosea-Small: How To Clear Out Your Zombie Apps and Online Accounts How To Clear Out Your Zombie Apps and Online Accounts
By Ross McGuinness, Yahoo News UK: ‘An incredible moment’: Giant jellyfish captured on camera swimming with diver off Cornwall coast
By Rocky Parker, Beyond Bylines: Blog Profiles: Nursing Blogs
By Kristin Appenbrink Editorial Lead, Google Earth: Celebrate 50 years of space exploration in Google Earth

By Madeline Nachbar, Mpls St Paul: The Woman Who Dressed Barbie Meet Carol Spencer, an MCAD grad from Minneapolis who created some of the iconic blonde bombshell’s best looks.
The Rural Blog: States spending millions on new voting systems, but old software makes them still vulnerable to hackers; EPA allows more use of pesticide toxic to bees after USDA announces it will stop tracking bee-colony numbers; In e-cigarette documentary, premiering on CNBC tonight, Juul CEO apologizes to parents of teenagers who vape and more->
Fast Company Compass: The bra-maker that helped make history; This tiny town might not survive the wall; This tech uses cell signals to help drivers not run over pedestrians (Impact); Florida’s DMV is selling drivers’ personal information to bill collectors and data brokers (Tech) and more ->
By James Breakwell: My Wife’s Biggest Mistake
Some people think babies come from sex. Those people are wrong. Babies actually come from giving away your baby clothes. If you get rid of your mountains of infant supplies, you’ll instantly get pregnant. There’s no science behind any of this, but the anecdotal evidence is irrefutable. That’s why my wife Lola and I planned to keep our baby stuff forever or until one of us died, whichever came first. Immaculate conceptions are rare, even for Catholics.

As of right now, we’re not planning on having more kids. I’d make that statement more definite, but I have to leave a little wiggle room in case we end up with a surprise fifth child somewhere down the line. I’d hate for that hypothetical future kid to scroll back through these old emails and find out that we fully intended to stop at four. Don’t feel bad, hypothetical future child. Half my siblings were “surprises,” and they all turned out fine. Well, some of them did. One of them ended up with a bear.

More ->
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCCLX): Judy Sullivan, lead engineer for the Apollo 11 biomedical system; What Happened to the 1200 Paintings Painted by Bob Ross? More ->

Muck Rack: Rape-Getting away with it; Her name is Sarah Milov And her forthcoming book, “The Cigarette: A Political History,” provided virtually all the material for an NPR “Here and Now” segment that aired on Thursday. More ->
GlacierHub—Newsletter—July 15, 2019
By Michael Paulson,The New York Times: Blackout Darkens Broadway, but Songs Brighten Sidewalk Scenes Most theaters closed down on their most lucrative night of the week, but some casts gave their fans a memorable moment.
By Andrea Liptak, The Verve: Page through computer history with this complete scan of NeXT’s Fall 1989 catalog Steve Jobs’ other company


By ShakeTheFuture: DIY Microwave Kiln | Fuse Glass in Your Microwave
By Brooklyntonia: Fire Red Ombre Hair
By KronBjorn: Garden Deck With Greenhouse


Pocket Mental Floss | Liz Susman Karp: Eliza Leslie: The Most Influential Cookbook Writer of the 19th Century She was responsible for the most popular cookbook of the 19th century—as well as the first-ever recipe for chocolate cake.
Perfectly Destressed: Tater Tot Casserole
By UrbanGriller: Korean Fried Chicken on the Weber Kettle
By McFatty_McFatty: Japanese Mochi Ice Cream Trio (12 Servings)
By In the Kitchen With Matt: Beignets




FYI July 13, 2019

On This Day

1787 – The Continental Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance establishing governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also establishes procedures for the admission of new states and limits the expansion of slavery.
The Northwest Ordinance (formally An Ordinance for the Government of the Territory of the United States, North-West of the River Ohio, and also known as The Ordinance of 1787) enacted July 13, 1787, was an organic act of the Congress of the Confederation of the United States. It created the Northwest Territory, the first organized territory of the United States, from lands beyond the Appalachian Mountains, between British North America and the Great Lakes to the north and the Ohio River to the south. The upper Mississippi River formed the territory’s western boundary.

In the Treaty of Paris (1783), which formally ended the American Revolutionary War, Great Britain yielded this region to the United States. However, the Confederation Congress faced numerous problems gaining control of the land; these included: the unsanctioned movement of American settlers into the Ohio Valley, violent confrontations with the region’s indigenous peoples, the ongoing presence of the British Army which continued to occupy forts in the region, and an empty U.S. treasury.[1] The ordinance superseded the Land Ordinance of 1784 (which declared that states would one day be formed within the region) and the Land Ordinance of 1785 (which described how the Confederation Congress would sell the land to private citizens). Designed to serve as a blueprint for the development and settlement of the region, what the 1787 ordinance lacked was a strong central government to implement it. This need was addressed shortly thereafter, when the new federal government came into existence in 1789. The 1st United States Congress reaffirmed the 1787 ordinance, and, with slight modifications, renewed it through the Northwest Ordinance of 1789.[2]

Considered one of the most important legislative acts of the Confederation Congress,[3] it established the precedent by which the Federal government would be sovereign and expand westward with the admission of new states, rather than with the expansion of existing states and their established sovereignty under the Articles of Confederation. It also set legislative precedent with regard to American public domain lands.[4] The U.S. Supreme Court recognized the authority of the Northwest Ordinance of 1789 within the applicable Northwest Territory as constitutional in Strader v. Graham,[5] but did not extend the Ordinance to cover the respective states once they were admitted to the Union.

The prohibition of slavery in the territory had the practical effect of establishing the Ohio River as the geographic divide between slave states and free states from the Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River (an extension of the Mason–Dixon line). It also helped set the stage for later political conflicts over slavery at the federal level in the 19th century until the Civil War.



Born On This Day

1918 – Marcia Brown, American author and illustrator (d. 2015)
Marcia Joan Brown (July 13, 1918 – April 28, 2015) was an American writer and illustrator of more than 30 children’s books.[1] She has won three annual Caldecott Medals from the American Library Association, recognizing the year’s best U.S. picture book illustration,[2] and the ALA’s Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal in 1992 for her career contribution to children’s literature.[3] Many of her titles have been published in translation, including Afrikaans, German, Japanese, Spanish and Xhosa-Bantu editions.




By Jon Fingas, engadget: Computer password inventor Fernando Corbato dies at 93 He also helped dramatically improve the speed of computing.

Fernando José “Corby” Corbató (July 1, 1926 – July 12, 2019) was a prominent American computer scientist, notable as a pioneer in the development of time-sharing operating systems.


Vector’s World: Eletire; Emergency rescue; Swamp trolley and more ->
The Old Motor: Four Fun Friday Kodachrome Car Photographs No. 214
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: A Blackbird Blowing ‘Smoke’ Rings Wins Top Prize at the 2019 Audubon Photography Awards
By Rebecca Aydin, Business Insider: McDonald’s is giving away free fries every Friday in July — here’s how to get yours
The first day of the promotion is Friday, July 12 — one day before National French Fry Day. Customers who spend at least $1 using Apple Pay on the McDonald’s app are eligible to receive a free medium order of french fries. The promotion will continue on Friday, July 19, and Friday, July 26.
By Mike Butcher: Negative? How a Navy veteran refused to accept a ‘no’ to his battery invention (TechCrunch)
Amy Padnani New York Times: Why the “New York Times” is writing obituaries for people overlooked by history »
Gastro Obscura: The quest to revive the Bay Area’s fabled doggie diners and more ->
Going It Alone The “Billy Graham Rule” Dossier
What happened? Mississippi State Rep. Robert Foster, a Republican who’s running for governor, sparked a media frenzy this week when he refused to allow Larrison Campbell, a female reporter for Mississippi Today, to join him for a ride-along without a male chaperone. Foster, 36, claimed the move was aimed at respecting his marriage and avoiding the potentially poor “optics” of the situation. Campbell and many critics, however, say the decision was purely sexist. (Campbell, by the way, is married to a woman.) Either way, Foster’s apparent invocation of the so-called “Billy Graham rule,” named after the prominent evangelical leader, has raised an important question: What’s the line between male caution in the #MeToo era and straight discrimination?
By Molly Fosco: This Former Sex Crimes Prosecutor Keeps Harassment Out of Her Kitchens
Why you should care
Because she’s taking the “bro culture”’ out of the food industry.


The Rural Blog: Fish and wildlife agencies to employ gathering method to reduce Asian carp in Western Kentucky waterways; Quick hits: black-lung program underfunded; news media protests EPA’s FOIA rule; trade policy contributes to ODs and more ->
New Life On the Homestead Linda Wilson – Wheat Allergy: Foods and Ingredients to Avoid
Webneel Daily Inspiration – 1108: Print ads design Nescafe coffee by Ahmed Mahmoudali; Pond street paintng by anthony coppotto and more ->
Cari @ Everything Pretty: Natural Bug Repellent and Unicorns
Lit Hub Weekly: July 8 – 12, 2019 2019 is half over, but there are so many highly anticipated books still to come! | Lit Hub; Rebecca Solnit on Jeffrey Epstein and the silencing machine. More ->
Fast Company Compass: What most Americans are looking for in a new home: solar panels; These two comedians are DESTROYING internet culture—and it’s hilarious; 3 ways to deal with conflict more productively; Facebook gets its $5 billion slap on the wrist. Now will it change its ways? More ->





FYI July 12, 2019

On This Day

1562 – Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatán, burns the sacred books of the Maya.
Diego de Landa Calderón, O.F.M. (12 November 1524 – 29 April 1579) was a Spanish bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Yucatán.[1] Historians describe him as a cruel and fanatical priest who led a violent campaign against idolatry. In particular, he burned almost all the Mayan manuscripts (codices) that would have been very useful in deciphering Mayan script, knowledge of Maya religion and civilization, and the history of the American continent.



Born On This Day

1879 – Margherita Piazzola Beloch, Italian mathematician (d. 1976)
Margherita Piazzolla Beloch (12 July 1879 in Frascati – 28 September 1976 in Rome)[1] was an Italian mathematician who worked in algebraic geometry, algebraic topology and photogrammetry.

Beloch was the daughter of the German historian Karl Julius Beloch, who taught ancient history for 50 years at Sapienza University of Rome, and American Bella Bailey.[1]

Beloch studied mathematics at the Sapienza University of Rome and wrote her undergraduate thesis under the supervision of Guido Castelnuovo. She received her degree in 1908[1] with Lauude and “dignita’ di stampa” which means that her work was worthy of publication and in fact her thesis “Sulle trasformazioni birazionali dello spazio” (On Birational Transformations In Space) was published in the Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata.[citation needed]

Guido Castelnuovo was very impressed with her talent and offer her the position of assistant which Margherita took and held until 1919, when she moved to Pavia and the successive year to Palermo to work under Michele De Franchis, an important figure of the Italian school of algebraic geometry at the time.[1]

In 1924, Beloch completed her “libera docenza” (a degree that at that time had to be obtained before one could become a professor) and three years later she became a full professor at the University of Ferrara where she taught until her retirement (1955).[1]

Scientific Work
Her main scientific interest were algebraic geometry, algebraic topology and photogrammetry. After her thesis she worked on classification of algebraic surfaces studying the configurations of lines that could lie on surfaces. The next step was to study rational curves lying on surfaces and in this framework Beloch obtained the following important result:[2] “Hyperelleptic surfaces of rank 2 are characterised by having 16 rational curves.”

Beloch also made some contributions to the theory of skew algebraic curves.[3] She continued working on topological properties of algebraic curves either planar or lying on ruled or cubic surfaces for most of her life, writing about a dozen papers on these subjects.[4]

Around 1940 Beloch become more and more interested in photogrammetry and the application of mathematics, and in particular algebraic geometry, to it. She is also known for her contribution to the mathematics of paper folding:[5] In particular she seems to have been the first to formalise an origami move which allows, when possible, to construct by paper folding the common tangents to two parabolas. As a consequence she showed how to extract cubic roots by paper folding,[6] something that is impossible to do by rule and compass. The move she used has been called the Beloch fold.[7]



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FYI July 11, 2019

On This Day

911 – Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.
The treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte (911) is the foundational document of the Duchy of Normandy, establishing Rollo, a Norse warlord and Viking leader, as the first Duke of Normandy in exchange for his loyalty to the king of West Francia. The territory of Normandy centered on Rouen, a city in the Marches of Neustria which had been repeatedly raided by Vikings since the 840s, and which had finally been taken by Rollo in 876.



Born On This Day

1760 – Peggy Shippen, American wife of Benedict Arnold and American Revolutionary War spy (d. 1804)
Margaret “Peggy” Shippen (July 11, 1760 – August 24, 1804)[2] was the second wife of General Benedict Arnold. She gained notoriety for being the highest-paid spy in the American Revolution.[3]

Shippen was born into a prominent Philadelphia family with Loyalist tendencies. She met Arnold during his tenure as military commander of the city following the British withdrawal in 1778. They were married in the Shippen townhouse on Fourth Street on April 8, 1779, and Arnold began conspiring with the British to change sides soon after. Peggy played a role in the conspiracy which was exposed after British Major John André was arrested in September 1780 carrying documents concerning the planned surrender of the critical Continental Army base at West Point.

Arnold escaped to New York City and Peggy followed. They traveled together to London at the end of 1781, where she established a home and Arnold rebuilt a trading business. In 1787, she joined him in Saint John, New Brunswick, where his difficulties with local businessmen forced them to return to London in December 1791. Arnold died in 1801, after which she had to settle his business affairs and pay off his debts. She died in 1804, having borne five children who survived infancy.




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FYI July 10, 2019

On This Day

1913 – The temperature in Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F (57 °C), the highest temperature ever to be recorded on Earth.
This is a list of weather records, a list of the most extreme occurrences of weather phenomena for various categories. Many weather records are measured under specific conditions—such as surface temperature and wind speed—to keep consistency among measurements around the Earth. Each of these records is understood to be the record value officially observed, as these records may have been exceeded before modern weather instrumentation was invented, or in remote areas without an official weather station. This list does not include remotely sensed observations such as satellite measurements, since those values are not considered official records.[1]



Born On This Day

1724 – Eva Ekeblad, Swedish noble and agronomist (d. 1786)
Eva Ekeblad (née De la Gardie; 10 July 1724 – 15 May 1786) was a Swedish countess, salon hostess, agronomist, and scientist. She was widely known for discovering a method in 1746 to make alcohol and flour from potatoes, allowing greater use of scarce grains for food production, significantly reducing Sweden’s incidence of famine.

Ekeblad was the first female member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (1748).[1][2][3]




Elmore Rual “Rip” Torn Jr. (February 6, 1931 – July 9, 2019) was an American actor, voice artist, and comedian.

Torn was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his part as Marsh Turner in Cross Creek (1984). His work includes the role of Artie the producer on The Larry Sanders Show, for which he was nominated for six Emmy Awards, winning in 1996. He also won an American Comedy Award for Funniest Supporting Male in a Series, and two CableACE Awards for his work on the show, and was nominated for a Satellite Award in 1997 for his role as Chief Zed in Men in Black (1997).

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