FYI October 16, 2017


1384 – Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.
Jadwiga ([jadˈvʲiɡa]), also known as Hedwig (Hungarian: Hedvig; 1373/4 – 17 July 1399), was the first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland, reigning from 16 October 1384 until her death. She was the youngest daughter of Louis the Great, King of Hungary and Poland, and his wife Elizabeth of Bosnia. Jadwiga was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, but had more close ancestors among the Polish Piasts. She was canonized in the Roman Catholic Church in 1997.

Her marriage to William of Austria was planned in 1375 and she lived in Vienna between 1378 and 1380. Jadwiga and William were allegedly regarded as her father’s favoured successors in Hungary after her eldest sister Catherine’s death in 1379, since the Polish noblemen had paid homage to Louis’ second daughter, Mary, and Mary’s fiancé, Sigismund of Luxemburg, that same year. However, Louis died and Mary was crowned “King of Hungary” on the demand of her mother in 1382. Sigismund of Luxemburg tried to seize Poland, but the Polish noblemen countered that they would only obey a daughter of King Louis if she settled in their country. Queen Elizabeth then nominated Jadwiga to reign in Poland, but did not send her to Kraków to be crowned. During the interregnum, Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, became a candidate for the Polish throne. The nobles of Greater Poland especially favoured him, proposing he marry Jadwiga. However, the noblemen of Lesser Poland opposed his election and persuaded Queen Elizabeth to send Jadwiga to Poland.

Jadwiga was crowned “king” in Kraków on 16 October 1384. Her crowning either reflected the Polish lords’ opposition to her intended future husband, William, adopting the royal title without a further Act or only emphasized that she was a queen regnant. With her mother’s consent, Jadwiga’s advisors opened negotiations with Jogaila, Grand Duke of Lithuania, who was still a heathen, about his marriage to Jadwiga. Jogaila signed the Union of Krewo, promising to convert to Roman Catholicism and to promote his ‘pagan’ subjects’ conversion. Meanwhile, William of Habsburg hurried to Kraków to demand the consummation of his pre-arranged marriage with Jadwiga, but the Polish lords expelled him in late August 1385. Jogaila, who received the baptismal name Władysław, married Jadwiga on 15 February 1386. Legend says that she had only agreed to marry him after long prayers, seeking divine inspiration.

Władysław-Jogaila was crowned king on 4 March. As her co-ruler, Władysław closely cooperated with his wife. After rebellious lords had imprisoned her mother and sister, she marched into Ruthenia, which had been under Hungarian rule, and persuaded most local inhabitants to become subjects of the Polish Crown without resistance. She acted as mediator between her husband’s quarreling kinsmen, and between Poland and the Teutonic Knights. After her sister Mary died in 1395, Jadwiga and Władysław-Jogaila laid claim to Hungary against the widowed Sigismund of Luxemburg, but the Hungarian lords did not support them.

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1908 – Olivia Coolidge, English-American author and educator (d. 2006)
Margaret Olivia Ensor Coolidge (October 16, 1908[1] − December 10, 2006[2]) was a British-born American writer and educator. She published 27 books, many for young adults, including The Greek Myths (1949), her debut; The Trojan War (1952); Legends of the North (1951); Makers of the Red Revolution (1963); Men of Athens, one runner-up for the 1963 Newbery Medal; Lives of Famous Romans (1965); and biographies of Eugene O’Neill, Winston Churchill, Edith Wharton, Gandhi, and Tom Paine. Olivia Coolidge was born in London to Sir Robert Ensor, a journalist and historian. She earned a degree in Classics and Philosophy at Somerville College, Oxford, in 1931 and a Master’s degree in 1940. In Germany, England and the U.S. she taught Greek, Latin, and English. In 1946 she married Archibald C. Coolidge of Connecticut, who had four children. [2]

 
 
 
 

By Patrick Lucas Austin: Your Wi-Fi is Vulnerable to Attack—Update Your Devices to Fix It
The US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) has compiled a list of manufacturers that have been notified about the vulnerability, as well as whether or not they have provided information concerning updated devices. Be sure to check if your wireless router’s manufacturer is on the list, and update your router following their instructions.

As always, you should steer clear of public Wi-Fi networks if you can help it, and continue to use WPA2 encryption on your devices, as it’s still the most secure option available.

Updated at 5:00 p.m., 10/16/17 ET: Apple confirmed its vulnerability patch would arrive “within the next few weeks.”

 
 
 
 
Condolences. The money will not bring their son back but it might put a stop to “hazing” and other forms of abuse by military personnel. “No hazing the recruits, we can’t afford it.”
By Atoz: Family of Muslim Marine recruit who died in boot camp sues for $100M
 
 
 
 
One bullet.
By Jonathan Drew: Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl Pleads Guilty to Desertion, Misbehavior

 
 
 
 
By Binoy Prabhakar: One of India’s most famous newspapermen is turning to digital with a political journalism platform
One of India’s most famous newspapermen is turning to digital with a political journalism platform
Shekhar Gupta said he named his new venture The Print to signal to readers that its standards would be high: “We feel there is a belief that once you go digital, the bar is lowered.”
 
 
 
 
By Brittany Jezouit: David Bowie, ELO, and The National: 5 Fonts Inspired by Music
 
 
 
 

By Associated Press: After 883 years, Cistercian monastery to close in Germany
 
 
Himmerod Abbey
Himmerod Abbey (Kloster Himmerod) is a Cistercian monastery in the community of Großlittgen in the Verbandsgemeinde of Manderscheid in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, located in the Eifel, in the valley of the Salm.
 
 
 
 
This sounds like a good idea. Romance versus reality might show some flaws in the plan. Maybe CA should have a list of reputable breeders, not puppy mills, and allow folks to have the option of purchasing from them thru a pet store? If you get a shelter animal, you might not have any health/personality background on it. If people report puppy mills,that is a step in the direction of shutting them down.
By Megan Reynolds: All Pets in Pet Stores Must Come From Shelters or Rescue Agencies, Says New California Law
 
 
 
 
By David Tracy: How A North Carolina Mechanic Home-Brewed A Cadillac Seville Into An Epic Car Hauler
 
 
 
 
By Melanie Ehrenkranz: Australia Launches First Nation-Wide Reporting System for Revenge Porn
 
 
 
 
By Noel Murray: A very special 1970s nightmare, starring Vincent Price, H.R. Pufnstuf, and the Brady Bunch
 
 
 
 
The Alexander Piano
One of my most interesting achievements has been to build the Alexander piano. Here is a brief history of the making of this piano. There’s much much more to the full story

Looking back I recognise the task I had. At the age of 15 a question to my piano teacher sparked a curiosity enough to do an experiment in the back yard. In conclusion after seeing the length of string needed and hearing the sound I was convinced that I was going to build a piano with very long and deep sounding bass strings. In my 16th year I was lucky enough to have been given access to the space in our neighbour’s garage. I had no idea what I was doing at the beginning.I just knew what I wanted the outcome to be.

I needed to learn something that was not able to be taught, in the respect that such a piano with a string scale this different had never been built. The project unlocked a lot of intuitive problem solving with discovery, experiment after experiment, theories guess work, the known and the unknown. There were so many technical problems that had never been addressed that I was facing just because of the physical dimensions.

Knowing very little at the beginning and the ignorance of youth meant I ‘knew’ it was possible and I carried that notion through the entire project even when many said I was wasting my time.

 
 
 
 
John Waters’ commencement speech at RISD, 2015 (transcript)

John Waters Commencement Address – RISD 2015 from RISD Media on Vimeo.

Uh, don’t hate all rich people. They’re not all awful. Believe me, I know some evil poor people, too. We need some rich people: Who else is going to back our movies or buy our art? I’m rich! I don’t mean money-wise. I mean that I have figured out how to never be around assholes at any time in my personal and professional life. That’s rich. And not being around assholes should be the goal of every graduate here today.

It’s OK to hate the poor, too, but only the poor of spirit, not wealth. A poor person to me can have a big bank balance but is stupid by choice – uncurious, judgemental, isolated and unavailable to change.
 
 
 
 
By Patrick Lucas Austin: Before Buying a Kindle, Consider the Physical Book’s Benefits
 
 


 
 
 
 

By Danielle Guercio: How to Make the Best Possible Pot Brownies

 
 
 
 
By Artemis: Rain Chain
 
 
 
 
Kinja Deals: Monday’s Top Deals: SanDisk Gold Box, Portable Projector, Upgraded Robotic Vacuum, and More
 
 
 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 15, 2017


1951 – Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes conducts the very last step of the first synthesis of norethisterone, the progestin that would later be used in one of the first three oral contraceptives.
Norethisterone (NET), also known as norethindrone, is a medication that is used in combination with estrogen or alone in hormonal contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy, and in the treatment of gynecological disorders. It is a synthetic progestogen (or a progestin) of the 19-nortestosterone group and has similar effects to those of natural progesterone, including suppression of gonadotropins, ovulation inhibition, and endometrial transformation.[4][5] In addition to its progestogenic activity, NET also has weak androgenic and estrogenic effects at high dosages.[3][6] In addition to NET itself, several prodrugs of NET, such as norethisterone acetate (NETA), norethisterone enanthate (NETE), and others, have been marketed and have similar effects and uses.[7][8][9]

More on wiki:

 
 

Luis Ernesto Miramontes Cárdenas (March 16, 1925 – September 13, 2004) was a Mexican chemist known as the co-inventor of the progestin norethisterone used in one of the first three oral contraceptives.

Miramontes was born at Tepic, Nayarit. He obtained his first Degree in chemical engineering in the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). He was a founding researcher of the Institute of Chemistry of UNAM, specializing mainly in the area of Organic Chemistry. He was a professor of the Faculty of Chemistry of UNAM, Director and professor of the School of Chemistry at the Universidad Iberoamericana, and deputy Director of Research at the Mexican Institute of Petroleum (IMP). Miramontes was a member of diverse scientific societies, such as the American Chemical Society (Emeritus), the Mexican Institute of Chemical Engineers, the National Institute of Chemical and Chemical Engineers, the Chemical Society of Mexico, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and the New York Academy of Sciences.

He died in Mexico City in 2004.

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1829 – Asaph Hall, American astronomer and academic (d. 1907)
Asaph Hall III (October 15, 1829 – November 22, 1907) was an American astronomer who is most famous for having discovered the moons of Mars, Deimos and Phobos, in 1877.[1] He determined the orbits of satellites of other planets and of double stars, the rotation of Saturn, and the mass of Mars.

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By Stef Schrader: The 6 Hours Of Fuji Had The Most Bizarre Race Ending Of The Year
 
 
 
 
By Stef Schrader: Talladega’s First Big Crash T-Bones One Playoff Contender’s Car Into The Air

 
 
 
 

By Stef Schrader: Parker Kligerman Runs Away From Last-Lap Pileup To Win Talladega Trucks Race
 
 
 
 
Great comments!
By Tom McParland: Here Is When Engine Braking Can Save More Gas Than Coasting
 
 
 
 
By Patrick George: Here Is The Entire Leaked Owner’s Manual For The 2018 Jeep Wrangler
 
 
 
 

Halloween Brimstone Bread
By Tye Rannosaurus


By Tye Rannosaurus: Halloween Brimstone Bread
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Stanford University Archives Launches Transcription Crowdsourcing Project
The University Archives is pleased to announce the launch of a crowdsourcing project to transcribe handwritten letters and documents within its holdings. Accessible at https://www.fromthepage.com/stanforduniversityarchives, the project currently features 8 unique collections for users to transcribe:

1906 earthquake and fire
Leland Stanford, Jr. letters
Marcia Kirwan Standley (’57) letters
Notable people (Eadweard Muybridge, Peter Coutts, Sarah Lockwood Winchester)
Stanford faculty
Student life
World War I letters
World War II letters

 
 
 
 

By Gary Price: Archives of American Art Acquires Extensive Audio and Video Recordings and Records of “Artists Talk On Art
 
 
 
 
By Delusions of ingenuity: Tailoring a Bed Skirt
 
 
Delusions of Ingenuity
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

OneLook Word of the Day
 
 
 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 14, 2017


1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
Roundhay Garden Scene is an 1888 short silent actuality film recorded by French inventor Louis Le Prince. Shot at Oakwood Grange in Roundhay, Leeds in the north of England, it is believed to be the oldest surviving film in existence, as noted by the Guinness Book of Records.[1]

Overview
According to Le Prince’s son, Adolphe, the film was made at Oakwood Grange, the home of Joseph and Sarah Whitley, in Roundhay, Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, England on 14 October 1888.[2][3]

It features Adolphe Le Prince,[4] Sarah Whitley (née Robinson, 1816 – 24 October 1888), Joseph Whitley (1817 – 12 January 1891) and Annie Hartley in the garden, walking around. Sarah is walking backwards as she turns around, and Joseph’s coat tails are flying as he also is turning.[3] Joseph and Sarah Whitley were Louis Le Prince’s parents-in-law, being the parents of his wife Elizabeth, and Annie Hartley is believed to be a friend of Le Prince and his wife. Sarah Whitley died ten days after the scene was filmed.[5]
Remastered footage
In 1930 the National Science Museum (NSM) in London produced photographic copies of surviving parts from the 1888 filmstrip. This sequence was recorded on an 1885 Eastman Kodak paper base photographic film through Louis Le Prince’s single-lens combi camera-projector. Adolphe Le Prince stated that the Roundhay Garden movie was shot at 12 frames/s (and a second movie, Traffic Crossing Leeds Bridge, at 20 frames/s); however, the later digital remastered version of Roundhay Garden produced by the National Media Museum in Bradford, which contains 52 frames, runs at 24.64 frames/s, a modern cinematographic frame rate, so it plays in only 2.11 seconds. The NSM copy has 20 frames; at 12 frames/s, this produces a run time of 1.66 seconds.

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1894 – Victoria Drummond, British marine engineer (d. 1978)
Victoria Alexandrina Drummond MBE (1894–1978), was the first woman marine engineer in Britain and first woman member of Institute of Marine Engineers. During World War II she served at sea as an engineering officer in the British Merchant Navy and received awards for bravery under enemy fire.

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By Elisabeth Leoni: How an X program manager writes her own history and preserves her Ecuadorian legacy
In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, we’re celebrating the fascinating stories and important contributions of our Hispanic Googlers—their histories, their families, and what keeps them busy inside and outside of work. Today we hear from Gladys Karina Jimenez Opper, an audacious moonshot catalyst and collector of world experiences, whose curiosity rivals Nancy Drew’s.
 
 
 
 
By Dennis Romero: Free Tampons Are Coming to a Public School Near You
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Science: National Museum of American History Makes Historical Antibody-Related Collections Available Online For First Time
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Hits: Easy DIY Remedies For Your 7 Most Hated Bugs
 
 
 
 
ByTed Mills: Hear 1,500+ Genres of Music, All Mapped Out on an Insanely Thorough Interactive Graph
 
 
 
 
The Mission: How School Trains Us To Fail In The Real World
School (noun) — A place where students suck on an information teat instead of learning how to feed themselves.
 
 
 
 
By Jörg Colberg: American wars in the photobook
 
 
 
 
Sad!
By Ari Phillips: Mass Starvation of Penguin Chicks Could Help Birth New Antarctic Protections

 
 
 
 
Great comments!
By Rhett Jones: Microwave Tech Could Produce 40 TB Hard Drives in the Near Future


 
 

wiki: Knights Templar
 
 
 
 

By Patrick Wyman: What Were The Knights Templar Really Like?
 
 
 
 
By Shane Roberts: A Ridiculous Number of Ways to Make Good Coffee While Traveling
On a cruise up the Alaskan coast to Denali National Park earlier this year, I made the critical, rookie mistake of not packing the means to make good coffee. Don’t let it happen to you.

An Instant Guide to Making Coffee from &Orange Motion Design on Vimeo.

 
 
 
 

By Stef Schrader: Dale Earnhardt Jr. Gets Best Retirement Present Ever From Talladega: His Dad’s Race Car
 
 
 
 
Do you “Tweet” or just follow twitter for information leads? I follow.
By Tom McKay: Twitter Says It Will Finally Do Something About Those Hordes of Nazis
 
 
 
 
By Joe Tonelli: A Master Sculptor and FX Artist Explains How to Restore a Jim Henson Puppet
 
 
 
 

Kinja Deals: Saturday’s Best Deals: Robotic Vacuum, Dual Dash Cam, Anker Powerline+, and More


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 13, 2017


1773 – The Whirlpool Galaxy is discovered by Charles Messier.
The Whirlpool Galaxy, also known as Messier 51a, M51a, and NGC 5194, is an interacting[7] grand-design[8] spiral galaxy with a Seyfert 2 active galactic nucleus[9] in the constellation Canes Venatici. It was the first galaxy to be classified as a spiral galaxy.[10] Recently it was estimated to be 23 ± 4 million light-years from the Milky Way,[3] but different methods yield distances between 15 and 35 million light-years. Messier 51 is one of the best known galaxies in the sky.[11] The galaxy and its companion, NGC 5195,[12] are easily observed by amateur astronomers, and the two galaxies may even be seen with binoculars.[13] The Whirlpool Galaxy is also a popular target for professional astronomers, who study it to further understand galaxy structure (particularly structure associated with the spiral arms) and galaxy interactions.

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1952 – Mundo Earwood, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014)
Raymond “Mundo” Earwood (October 13, 1952 – April 21, 2014) was an American country music singer-songwriter. Earwood’s eponymous debut album was released by Excelsior Records in 1981. His most successful single, “Things I’d Do for You”, reached the Top 20 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart in 1978. For a time, he also recorded as Mundo Ray.

Biography
Earwood was born in Del Rio, Texas. After graduating high school in Corpus Christi, he enrolled in San Jacinto Junior College but soon moved to Houston where he hired a band, and began playing for $8 at any venue that would book him. Earwood released several records on a small Houston label. His manager took him to Nashville to cut his first major national release, “Behind Blue Eyes”, which was initially released on Earwood’s own label, Raywood, and eventually sold to the Royal American label, where it spent eight weeks at #1 on the Houston radio charts, six months total on the Houston charts, and a long tenure on the national charts.

He went on to release “Let’s Hear it for Loneliness”, “Lonesome Is a Cowboy” and “I Can Give You Love”. In 1978, “Things I’d Do For You” soared to #18 on the Billboard country chart.[2] This period also produced “Fooled Around and Fell in Love”, “Angelene”, and “My Heart is Not My Own”. During his career, he appeared on the Billboard charts 23 times.

Mundo Earwood was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and a fibrous histiocytoma tumor in 2013, which led to his death at the age of 61.[3][4]

Website: www.mundoearwood.net

 
 
 
 


By Brian Mastre: New tool used to detect child abuse

 
 
 
 
Project Harmony
Project Harmony grew out of the vision of several Omaha community professionals and advocates to create a better system of protection for abused and neglected children. The vision was to not only create an integrated response system but also to develop a single child friendly location where all the professionals would come together to serve each child. They wanted the child to have to tell his or her story only once. They envisioned a system with joint accountability where no child would fall through the cracks. Project Harmony opened its doors in 1996.
 
 
 
 
By MessyNessy: 5 Places You Really Shouldn’t Get Stuck on Friday 13th
3. On an Arctic Island abandoned by Eskimos
This is King Island, and these are the improbable cliff-hanging houses of Ukivok that a displaced community once called home. In 1959, the Bureau of India Affairs made the decision to close King Island’s only school at the heart of the village. There was a large boulder on top of the rocky island that they believed was ready to fall and crush the school in its path. With the children left without a school, families were forced to seek education for them on the mainland and given no choice but to move from their homes and start a new way of life. The last natives left their homeland in 1970.
 
 
 
 
Brenda Novak: 9 Book Advertising Tactics I’ve Tried… And Which Ones Worked!
 
 
 
 
By Steven Bell: Let’s Commit to Making Library Webinars Better | From the Bell Tower
 
 
 
 
By Rachel Paxton: 8 Kids’ Books Filled with Girl Power to Inspire the Young Women in Your Life
 
 
 
 

“I kind of joke [that] Form5 is a one-man, one-hand show.” [Photo: courtesy Form5 Prosthetics]


By Ben Paynter: This 18-Year-Old Makes Innovative Prosthetics From Recycled Plastic
Aaron Westbrook was born with only one hand. Several years ago, while a freshman at New Albany High School in Ohio, he tried out his first prosthetic. It didn’t fit well, and cost about $40,000, a somewhat staggering sum, considering he would eventually outgrow it. “That’s when I realized that there was a really big issue with prosthetics right now,” he says. “They’re too expensive and they’re just plain inefficient.”
Form5 Prosthetics, Inc.
 
 
 
 
By Sean Captain: Born Out Of The Chaos Of Hurricane Harvey, The American Black Cross Is Reinventing Disaster Relief
 
 
 
 
By Bethany Corriveau Gotschall: A Brief History of the ‘Danse Macabre’
 
 
 
 
By Stella: Sick Grandma Brings ‘The Rock’ Cutout To Hospital, And Here’s What He Does When He Finds Out
Johnson happily obliged, and while we don’t have any updates on whether or not Judy has seen the video, we’re sure she’ll be over the moon when she does. “Stay strong Judy, you sexy tiger. We’re all sending you and your family love and light during this time and I’m an extremely grateful man this email reached my eyes,” The Rock further wrote. Say what you will about celebrities, but every now and then, they use their fame to do some serious good.
 
 
 
 
By Hendy: Never underestimate the awesomeness of science (17 GIFs)
 
 
 
 
By Bob: Animals that will hit you right in the funny bone (35 Photos)
 
 
 
 
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: Magic Mushroom Chemical Appears to Physically Change Depressed Brains
 
 
 
 

Kinja Deals


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 12, 2017


1799 – Jeanne Geneviève Labrosse was the first woman to jump from a balloon with a parachute, from an altitude of 900 meters.
Jeanne Geneviève Garnerin (1775–1847), née Labrosse,[1] was a French balloonist and parachutist. She was the first to ascend solo and the first woman to make a parachute descent (in the gondola), from an altitude of 900 meters on 12 October 1799

Labrosse first flew on 10 November 1798, one of the earliest women to fly in a balloon.[Note 1] She was the wife of André-Jacques Garnerin, a hydrogen balloonist and inventor of the frameless parachute.

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1893 – Velvalee Dickinson, American spy (d. 1980)
Velvalee Dickinson (born October 12, 1893 – died ca. 1980), was convicted of espionage against the United States on behalf of Japan during World War II. Known as the “Doll Woman”, she used her business in New York City to send information on the United States Navy to contacts in Argentina via steganographic messages. She was finally caught when one of her contacts in Buenos Aires moved and her messages were returned.[1]

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The Rural Blog Heather Chapman: Farmers looking to space to limit crop damage
 
 
 
 
The Rural Blog Heather Chapman: Childhood trauma can cause long-lasting harm to rural adults; help less available in rural areas
 
 
 
 
By Emma Upton: Street View goes to the “top of the world”


 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Library of Congress Releases Papers of Ulysses S. Grant (in Original Format) Online
 
 
 
 
By Adele Peters: These Cold-Weather Container Farms Let Produce Grow In The Arctic
The Growcer
 
 
 
 
By Chris Eger: Green Beret to accept Medal of Honor for all who served in Laos
 
 
 
 
By Jennifer Cruz: Car dealership gives new ride to veteran who stole truck to take Vegas victims to hospital (VIDEO)
 
 
 
 
By Adam Clark Estes: The 11 Best Tiny Houses You Can Buy on Amazon
 
 
 
 
By Rhett Jones: Drone Video Shows Postal Worker Still Delivering Mail in Neighborhood Ravaged by Wildfire

 
 
 
 
By Clayton Purdom: Feel true terror with this vintage clip of Gerard Butler auditioning to be Dracula
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 11, 2017


1767 – Surveying for the Mason–Dixon line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.
The Mason–Dixon line, also called the Mason and Dixon line or Mason’s and Dixon’s line, was surveyed between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in the resolution of a border dispute involving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in Colonial America. It is still a demarcation line among four U.S. states, forming part of the borders of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia (originally part of Virginia before 1863).

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1872 – Emily Davison, English educator and activist (d. 1913)
Emily Wilding Davison (11 October 1872 – 8 June 1913) was a suffragette who fought for votes for women in the United Kingdom in the early twentieth century. A member of the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) and a militant fighter for her cause, she was arrested on nine occasions, went on hunger strike seven times and was force fed on forty-nine occasions. She died after being hit by King George V’s horse Anmer at the 1913 Epsom Derby when she walked onto the track during the race.

Davison grew up in a middle-class family, and studied at Royal Holloway College, London, and St Hugh’s College, Oxford, before taking jobs as a teacher and governess. She joined the WSPU in November 1906 and became an officer of the organisation and a chief steward during marches. She soon became known in the organisation for her daring militant action; her tactics included breaking windows, throwing stones, setting fire to postboxes and, on three occasions, hiding overnight in the Palace of Westminster—including on the night of the 1911 census. Her funeral on 14 June 1913 was organised by the union. A procession of 5,000 suffragettes and their supporters accompanied her coffin and 50,000 people lined the route through London; her coffin was then taken by train to the family plot in Morpeth, Northumberland.

Davison was a staunch feminist and passionate Christian, and considered that socialism was a moral and political force for good. Much of her life has been interpreted through the manner of her death. She gave no prior explanation for what she planned to do at the Derby and the uncertainty of her motives and intentions has affected how she has been judged by history. Several theories have been put forward, including accident, suicide, or an attempt to pin a suffragette banner to the king’s horse; none has ever been proven.

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By Air Force Airman 1st Class Kaylee Dubois, 633rd Air Base Wing: Face of Defense: Army Helicopter Pilot Teaches New Generation of Aviators
The once young boy from Argentina with a dream of flying found his place in a nation that allowed him to experience the world. Now he prides himself in protecting that nation, giving back to fellow countrymen who fueled his desire to serve.
“There’s nothing like flying in the U.S.,” Basabilbaso said. “The people you meet when stopping for fuel or at a temporary duty station are like no others; genuine Americans who never fail to thank us for what we do.”
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

By Anne Victoria Clark: The Rock Test: A Hack for Men Who Don’t Want To Be Accused of Sexual Harassment
It’s as clear cut as this: Treat all women like you would treat Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson.
 
 
 
 
By Scott Neuman: Nobel Goes To American Richard Thaler For Work In Behavioral Economics
 
 
 
 
By Anne Easton: In Oprah’s New Show, Mass Incarceration Hits Home
 
 
 
 

Excellent!
By Bob: Man sends a perfect letter 14 years in the making
 
 
 
 
By Kristen Lee: What It Takes To Launch One Of The Toughest Off-Road Races In America
Rebelle Rally
 
 
 
 
By Starre Julia Vartan: How to Plan a Trip to See an Aurora
 
 
 
 

By Andrew Liszewski: Watch a Pack of Adorable Arctic Fox Pups Destroy a Documentary Filmmaker’s Camera

 
 
 
 
Twisted Sifter: 12 Amazing Highlights from the 2017 Nat Geo Nature Photographer of the Year Contest
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Kinja Deals


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

The Public Domain Review: Latest Newsletter


Race and the White Elephant War of 1884

Feuding impresarios, a white-but-not-white-enough elephant, and racist ads for soap — Ross Bullen on how a bizarre episode in circus history became an unlikely forum for discussing 19th-century theories of race, and inadvertently laid bare the ideological constructions at their heart.

The Civil War Sketches of Adolph Metzner (1861–64)

Remarkable collection of sketches, drawings, and watercolours left to us by Adolph Metzner, during his three years of service with the 1st German, 32nd Regiment Indiana Infantry.

Source: Latest Newsletter | The Public Domain Review

FYI October 10, 2017


1846 – Triton, the largest moon of the planet Neptune, is discovered by English astronomer William Lassell.
Triton is the largest natural satellite of the planet Neptune, and the first Neptunian moon to be discovered. It was discovered on October 10, 1846, by English astronomer William Lassell. It is the only large moon in the Solar System with a retrograde orbit, an orbit in the opposite direction to its planet’s rotation.[2][11] At 2,700 kilometres (1,700 mi) in diameter, it is the seventh-largest moon in the Solar System. Because of its retrograde orbit and composition similar to Pluto’s, Triton is thought to have been a dwarf planet captured from the Kuiper belt.[12] Triton has a surface of mostly frozen nitrogen, a mostly water-ice crust,[13] an icy mantle and a substantial core of rock and metal. The core makes up two-thirds of its total mass. Triton has a mean density of 2.061 g/cm3[5] and is composed of approximately 15–35% water ice.[6]

Triton is one of the few moons in the Solar System known to be geologically active (the others being Jupiter’s Io and Saturn’s Enceladus). As a consequence, its surface is relatively young with few obvious impact craters, and a complex geological history revealed in intricate cryovolcanic and tectonic terrains. Part of its surface has geysers erupting sublimated nitrogen gas, contributing to a tenuous nitrogen atmosphere less than 1/70,000 the pressure of Earth’s atmosphere at sea level.[6]

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1898 – Lilly Daché, French-American fashion designer (d. 1989)
Lilly Daché (circa 1898 – 31 December 1989) was a French-born American milliner and fashion designer.

Life and career
According to Lilly Daché, she was born in Bègles, France.[1][2][3] Some questioned Daché’s French origins, speculating that she was Polish or Romanian.[1] Her birth year has been reported as 1893[4][5] and 1904.[2][3] Although she is said to have emigrated to the United States in 1924,[1][2] the 1930 U.S. Census reports her as having entered this country in 1919.

Lilly Daché began her career in New York as a salesperson, working at Macy’s and an independent hat shop on the Upper West Side.[1][2] Daché and a co-coworker bought the independent store.[1][2] A few month’s later, Daché bought out her coworker.[1]

Daché’s major contributions to millinery were draped turbans, brimmed hats molded to the head, half hats, visored caps for war workers, colored snoods, and romantic massed-flower shapes.[6] Daché is reported to have said, “Glamour is what makes a man ask for your telephone number. But it also is what makes a woman ask for the name of your dressmaker.”[7]

In 1931, Daché married French-born Jean Despres who was an executive at the large cosmetics and fragrance company, Coty, Inc. Together they adopted a daughter, Suzanne.[1]

Despite the economic effects of the Depression and World War II, Daché’s business flourished in the 1930s and 1940s.[1] Daché’s hats cost upwards of $20 at a time when a hat could be bought for just a few dollars,[8] but hats were still considered a cost-effective way for a woman to update her wardrobe.[1]

In 1937, Daché moved her entire operation to a nine story building on East 56th Street, combining her retail sales, wholesale trade, workroom and personal space.[1] Both the designer Halston and the hair stylist Kenneth worked for her before going into business for themselves.[4] Estimates of Daché’s yearly production ran as high as 30,000 hats a year.[9] By 1949, Daché was designing clothing accessories, perfume, and costume jewelry.[3] Celebrity clients included Sonja Henie, Audrey Hepburn, Carole Lombard and Marlene Dietrich.[4]

Not only was her brand well known, Lilly herself became famous. She was a mystery guest on a 28 August 1955 episode of the sophisticated television game show What’s My Line? (panelist Arlene Francis eventually guessed her identity).[10] She is also referenced in the song “Tangerine” performed by the Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra.

Daché’s books include Lilly Daché’s Glamour Book (1956) and her autobiography, Talking through My Hats (1946).

When Dache retired in 1968, Loretta Young bought her last thirty hats.[4]

Lilly Daché died in Louvecienne, France at the age of 97 in 1989.[4]

Awards
Neiman Marcus Fashion Award (1940)

Coty American Fashion Critics Award (1943)

 
 
 
 


Auslan Cramb, Scottish Correspondent : Body of headless Jacobite clan chief exhumed to solve 270-year-old mystery
 
 
 
 
By Michael Grothaus: What Happened When I Spent A Week Keeping My Mouth (Mostly) Shut
 
 
 
 
By Bruno Vincent : How to fix your parent’s computer without ending up in prison for murder
 
 
 
 
By​ ebenism: I Imagine A World Invaded By Giant Animals In My Digital Manipulations
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Small town builds a broadband network by charging signup fees; makes financial assistance available
 
 
 
 
By Amy Zhen: How to Stay Creative
At Home
My brain is mentally fried by the time I leave the office, and it gets even more difficult to dedicate my after-work hours on creating. I think we all are very ambitious to pursue our passions and throw ourselves head-first into something, but eventually we end up in the same cycle of fatigue, internet surfing, and pushing things off to tomorrow.
 
 
 
 
By Patrick Lucas Austin: How to Scan Documents With iOS 11’s Notes App
 
 
 
 
Mis-leading headline:
By Aimée Lutkin: Man Convicted of Raping 12-Year-Old Granted Joint Custody of Child
The joint custody was officially granted by Judge Gregory S. Ross only this year, based on DNA tests confirming Mirasolo as the child’s father. The child’s mother, who is unnamed, told the Detroit News that she receives $260 a month in food stamps and health insurance for her son, and believes Mirasolo was given custody as part of a routine act of bureaucracy associated with public assistance requests. She thinks the state was “trying to get some of the money back” when Ross assigned custody on her rapist’s behalf, as it will affect the amount of money she receives.

 
 
 
 
ByAlanis King: Watching A Bunch Of New Miatas Put Their Roofs Down In Near Unison Is The Definition Of True Joy
 
 
 
 

By Webneel: Caricature Exhibition by International Society of Caricature Artists at Cleveland USA – Oct 6 – 22
 
 
 
 
By Webneel: 50 Beautiful Diwali Greeting Cards Messages for you
 
 
 
 

By Mikeasaurus: Squeeze Massage Tool

 
 
 
 
By Sam Van Hook: Giant Wooden Head
 
 
 
 

By Jfarro: Solar Powered RGB LED Magic Pathway


 
 
 
 
By Emily Grace King: Stress-Reducing Weighted Blanket
 
 
 
 
By Mark Wallace: How U.S. Soldiers Are Using Their “Warhacks” To Transform Combat
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: Research Tools: FDA Improves Access to Reports of Adverse Drug Reactions
[Late last week] the U.S. Food and Drug Administration launched a new user-friendly search tool that improves access to data on adverse events associated with drug and biologic products through the FDA’s Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS). The tool is designed to make it easier for consumers, providers, and researchers to access this information.
 
 
 
 
Logic sings about a person in despair reaching out. That song is now saving lives

 
 
 
 
Zing! It’s the 100 greatest put-downs of all time
 
 
 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

FYI October 09, 2017


1635 – Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he speaks out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
Roger Williams (c. 21 December 1603 – between 27 January and 15 March 1683)[1] was a Puritan, an English Reformed theologian, and later a Reformed Baptist who was expelled by the Puritan leaders from the colony of Massachusetts because local officials thought that he was spreading “new and dangerous ideas” to his congregants. Williams fled the Massachusetts colony under the threat of impending arrest and shipment to an English prison; he began the settlement of Providence Plantation in 1636 as a refuge offering freedom of conscience.

Williams was the 1638 founder of the First Baptist Church in America, also known as the First Baptist Church of Providence.[2][3]

Williams was also a student of Native American languages, an early advocate for fair dealings with American Indians, and one of the first abolitionists in North America, having organized the first attempt to prohibit slavery in any of the British American colonies. He is best remembered as the originator of the principle of separation of church and state.[4]

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1704 – Johann Andreas Segner, German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
Johann Segner (Hungarian: János András Segner, German: Johann Andreas von Segner, Slovak: Ján Andrej Segner, Latin: Iohannes Andreas de Segner; October 9, 1704 – October 5, 1777) was a Hungarian scientist. He was born in the Kingdom of Hungary, in the former Hungarian capital city of Pozsony (today Bratislava).

Johann Segner’s ancestors came from Styria to Pressburg[2] in the Kingdom of Hungary; by the 18th century. He studied at Pressburg, Győr and Debrecen. In 1725 Segner began studying at the University of Jena. In 1729 he received a medical certificate and returned to Pressburg, where he started to work as a physician, as well as in Debrecen. In 1732 he returned to Jena for his master’s degree. In 1735 Segner became the first professor of mathematics, a position created for him, at the University of Göttingen. In 1755 he became a professor at Halle, where he established an observatory.

One of the best-known scientists of his age, Segner was a member of the academies of Berlin, London, and Saint Petersburg. According to Mathematics Genealogy Project, as of February 2013, he has over 66 thousand academic descendants, out of the total 170 thousand mathematicians in the database.

He was the first scientist to use the reactive force of water and constructed the first water-jet, the Segner wheel, which resembles one type of modern lawn sprinkler. Segner, also produced the first proof of Descartes’ rule of signs. Historians of science remember him as the father of the water turbine. The lunar crater Segner is named after him, as is asteroid 28878 Segner.

 
 
 
 


By Jason Torchinsky: Crazy Old Bastard Decides Hanging Onto A School Bus And Screaming Is A Good Plan
 
 
 
 

Image credit: Tim Buss/Flickr


By Kristen Lee: These Are Your Closest And Most Daring ‘Running On Empty’ Stories
 
 
 
 
By Maddie Stone: After Maria, Puerto Rico’s Endangered Parrots Face an Uncertain Future
If there’s one thing the parrots have working in their favor right now, it’s a dedicated crew of scientists and broad public support for conservation of the species, which are the last native U.S. parrots still found on U.S. soil. A crowdfunding page launched by the World Parrot Trust to repair damage to the aviaries has raised more than $12,000 over the past week.

Earther has reached out to Martínez and the Rio Abajo aviary for comment, and we will update this post if and when we hear back.
 
 
 
 
By Ari Phillips: Bears Ransack Colorado Pizza Parlor in Quest for Hibernation Carbs
 
 
 
 

Inside the National Speleotherapy Clinic in Belarus, where treatments are carried out in an active salt mine nearly 1,400 feet underground.
Photo by Egor Rogalev


By Anika Burgess: On Vacation in Soviet-Era Sanatoriums
 
 
 
 
The Tabulating Machine Co.
The early data processor factory founded in Washington for the 1890 U.S. Census went on to become IBM.
 
 
 
 
By Chris Coyier: Gutenberg CSS Tricks
I’ve only just been catching up with the news about Gutenberg, the name for a revamp of the WordPress editor. You can use it right now, as it’s being built as a plugin first, with the idea that eventually it goes into core. The repo has better information.