Tag: FYI

FYI November 14, 2018

On This Day

1886 – Friedrich Soennecken first developed the hole puncher, a type of office tool capable of punching small holes in paper.

The origins of the hole punch date back to Germany via Matthias Theel, where two early patents for a device designed to “punch holes in paper” have since[when?] been discovered.[4] Friedrich Soennecken filed his patent on November 14, 1886, for his Papierlocher für Sammelmappen.[5]

A Google Doodle was used on 14 November 2017 to celebrate the 131st anniversary of the hole punch.[6]

A hole punch (also known as a hole puncher) most commonly refers to an office tool that is used to create holes in sheets of paper, often for the purpose of collecting the sheets in a binder or folder. The term can also refer to tools of different construction from one designed for paper, such as a those used for leather goods (generally called a leather punch), for cloth, for thin plastic sheeting, and for variations of sheet metal, such as aluminum siding or metal air ducts.



Born On This Day

1771 – Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (d. 1802)
Marie François Xavier Bichat (14 November 1771 – 22 July 1802)[1] was a French anatomist and pathologist, known as the father of modern histology.[2][a] Although he worked without a microscope, Bichat distinguished 21 types of elementary tissues from which the organs of the human body are composed.

Bichat was born at Thoirette in Jura, France. His father was Jean-Baptise Bichat, a physician who had trained at Montpellier and was Bichat’s first instructor. His mother was Jeanne-Rose Bichat, his father’s wife and cousin.[4] He entered the college of Nantua, and later studied at Lyon. He made rapid progress in mathematics and the physical sciences, but ultimately devoted himself to the study of anatomy and surgery under the guidance of Marc-Antoine Petit (1766–1811), chief surgeon to the Hotel-Dieu at Lyon.[5]

The revolutionary disturbances compelled him to flee from Lyon and take refuge in Paris in 1793. There he became a pupil of P. J. Desault, who was so impressed with his genius that he took him into his house and treated him as his adopted son. For two years he took active part in Desault’s work, at the same time pursuing his own research in anatomy and physiology. Desault passed in 1795.[5]

At age 29 he was appointed as the chief physician to the Hotel-Dieu.[5] In 1796, he and several other colleagues formally founded the Société d’Emulation de Paris, which provided an intellectual platform for debating problems in medicine.[4] He died at age 30, fourteen days after falling down a set of stairs at Hotel-Dieu and acquiring a fever.[1] He is buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery.[citation needed]




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Yes. Try building underground, using non flammable materials, etc. Will people go for it?
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With hard work, determination, a little serendipity, and a lot of heart, Wubetu Shimelash made it all the way from a remote region of Ethiopia to a prominent U.S. university. This man who once fashioned sandals out of tires now dons a fedora and impresses everyone with his positive attitude, joyous spirit, and infectious smile. It is a story of true success–both for him personally, and for the community that benefits from his warm presence and talents. “‘Wherever I go, I am not lost,’ Wubetu says. ‘I go with my values. I try to adapt to a new culture without losing my culture.’ His values? Being happy. Being kind. Staying positive. Working hard. And loving. ‘The power of love is limitless,’ he says.” Read on for more.
Open Culture: R.I.P. Stan Lee: Take His Free Online Course “The Rise of Superheroes and Their Impact On Pop Culture”
By Katie Luxa, Biologist: The Aleutian Island Struggle The 2018 Steller sea lion aerial survey struggle is real


Everything Pretty: White chocolate mochas are my favorite coffee drinks. I wanted a lighter version, and I think I nailed it. This is so yummy, you’ll never believe that it has 40 percent fewer carbs and sugars! As cold and flu season is coming, make this homemade disinfecting spray. Just spray, let sit, and germs are gone. It’s also a natural deodorizer, so it can be used on fabric, too.







FYI November 13, 2018

On This Day

1986 – The Compact of Free Association becomes law, granting the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands independence from the United States.
The Compact of Free Association (COFA) is an international agreement establishing and governing the relationships of free association between the United States and the three Pacific Island nations of the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and Palau. These nations, together with the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, formerly composed the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations trusteeship administered by the United States Navy from 1947 to 1951 and by the U.S. Department of the Interior from 1951 to 1986 (to 1994 for Palau).

The compact came into being as an extension of the U.S.–U.N. territorial trusteeship agreement, which obliged the federal government of the United States “to promote the development of the people of the Trust Territory toward self-government or independence as appropriate to the particular circumstances of the Trust Territory and its peoples and the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned”.[1] Under the compact, the U.S. federal government provides guaranteed financial assistance over a 15-year period administered through its Office of Insular Affairs in exchange for full international defense authority and responsibilities.

The Compact of Free Association was initialed by negotiators in 1980 and signed by the parties in the years 1982-1983.[2] It was approved by the citizens of the Pacific states in plebiscites held in 1983.[3] Legislation on the Compact was adopted by the U.S. Congress in 1986 and signed into law on November 13, 1986.[4]



Born On This Day

1715 – Dorothea Erxleben, German first female medical doctor (d. 1762)
Dorothea Christiane Erxleben née Leporin (13 November 1715, Quedlinburg – 13 June 1762 in Quedlinburg[1]) was the first female medical doctor in Germany.[2]

Erxleben was instructed in medicine by her father from an early age.[3] The Italian scientist Laura Bassi’s university professorship inspired Erxleben to fight for her right to practise medicine. In 1742, she published a tract arguing that women should be allowed to attend university.[4]

After being admitted to study by a dispensation of Frederick the Great,[3] Erxleben received her MD from the University of Halle in 1754.[4] She was the first German woman to receive a MD. [5] She went on to analyse the obstacles preventing women from studying, among them housekeeping and children.[3]

Personal life
She was the mother of Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben. Erxleben and her brother, Christian Polycarp Leporin, studied basic science, Latin, and medicine with their father, Christian Polycarp Leporin.[6][7] Her father was a physician at Quedlinburg in Prussia. She practiced medicine on poor people.[7] The idea of a woman studying medicine was shocking at the time, and a point was made that since women were not allowed to hold public office by law, they also should not practice medicine or need a medical degree. Three doctors of Quedlinburg accused her of quackery and demanded that she sit for an examination. The rector of the University of Halle decided that practicing medicine was not the same as holding public office and allowed Erxleben to take her examination. She took her examinations and was given her degree on June 12, 1754.[8]

Erxleben studied the medical theory of Georg Ernst Stahl, which was connected with Pietism. This influenced her to challenge the theological and philosophical groundwork of why women were placed in a subordinate position. Predicting criticism from both sexes, Erxleben addressed male and female readers. She used the language of modesty, a common method used by women in the Querelle des Femmes, while addressing male readers. She is more direct and critical of women’s excuses that are used to avoid educating themselves to improve their lives. She recognized that some women are occupied with physically demanding work of caring for the household and have little time to educate themselves. Despite this, she still criticized them for lacking the drive to get an education.[9]

Erxleben, D.: Gründliche Untersuchung der Ursachen, die das weibliche Geschlecht vom Studiren abhalten. 1742.[10]




By Alanis King: NASCAR Hall of Fame Driver David Pearson Dies at 83

David Gene Pearson (December 22, 1934 – November 12, 2018) was an American stock car racer from Spartanburg, South Carolina. Pearson began his NASCAR career in 1960 and ended his first season by winning the 1960 NASCAR Rookie of the Year award.[1] He won three championships (1966, 1968, and 1969) and every year he was active he ran the full schedule in NASCAR’s Grand National Series (now Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series).[1] NASCAR described his 1974 season as an indication of his “consistent greatness”; that season he finished third in the season points having competed in only 19 of 30 races.[2]

At his finalist nomination for NASCAR Hall of Fame’s inaugural 2010 class, NASCAR described Pearson as “… the model of NASCAR efficiency during his career. With little exaggeration, when Pearson showed up at a race track, he won.”[2] Pearson ended his career in 1986, and currently holds the second position on NASCAR’s all-time win list with 105 victories; as well as achieving 113 pole positions.[1] Pearson was successful in different venues of racing; he won three times on road courses, 48 times on superspeedways, 54 times on Short tracks, and had 23 dirt track wins.[1] Pearson finished with at least one Top 10 finish in each of his 27 seasons.[1] Pearson was nicknamed the “Fox” (and later the “Silver Fox”) for his calculated approach to racing.[3] ESPN described him as being a “plain-spoken, humble man, and that added up to very little charisma.”[4]

Pearson’s career paralleled Richard Petty’s, the driver who has won the most races in NASCAR history.[5] They accounted for 63 first/second-place finishes[5] (with the edge going to Pearson). Petty said, “Pearson could beat you on a short track, he could beat you on a superspeedway, he could beat you on a road course, he could beat you on a dirt track. It didn’t hurt as bad to lose to Pearson as it did to some of the others, because I knew how good he was.”[5] Pearson said of Petty: “I always felt that if I beat him I beat the best, and I heard he said the same thing about me.”


By Jason Torchinsky: Nurse Who Cooked His Truck to Help California Wildfire Victims Getting New Truck From Toyota

Pierce was stuck in traffic, attempting to evacuate like so many other residents of the town. When a bulldozer driven by some still-unknown badass knocked a path free for him to drive, instead of leaving, he turned back around into the flaming town.

Butte County Supervisor Doug Teeter said he was on a bulldozer that pushed cars out of the way Thursday to get to the Adventist Health Feather River Hospital in the town of Paradise. When he arrived there, patients were out in the front of the emergency room, where the roof had caught fire. The town of about 27,000 people is 180 miles (290 kilometers) northeast of San Francisco.
By Randall Colburn: Dave Grohl launches new BBQ project by serving free brisket to California firefighters
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David at Raptitude: The Simple Joy of “No Phones Allowed”
Stephen Guise: Double Down on the Fundamentals
Retired NBA player Tim Duncan was nicknamed “The Big Fundamental.” He was somewhat boring to watch play compared to his peers, but his play was so efficient and effective that he won five championships (including 3 Finals MVP awards) and will soon be in the hall of fame. He’s arguably the greatest power forward in the history of the NBA, and it’s because he mastered the fundamentals of basketball. He made good decisions, took high percentage shots (like the bank shot that he’s famous for), positioned himself well on offense and defense, and made smart passes.

By Molly Fosco: The Networking Platform Bigger Than LinkedIn for College Students

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Two Nerdy History Girls From the Archives: Harriette Wilson on Virtue

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Shawna Bailey Hometalker West Orange, NJ: 4 Surprising Uses for Hydrogen Peroxide
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By ModernFarmhouseKitchen: How to Make a Pie Crust for the Holiday Season



FYI November 12, 2018

On This Day

1920 – Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo.
The Treaty of Rapallo was a treaty between the Kingdom of Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed Yugoslavia in 1929), signed to solve the dispute over some territories in the former Austrian Littoral in the upper Adriatic, and in Dalmatia.

The treaty was signed on 12 November 1920[1] in Rapallo, near Genoa, Italy. Tension between Italy and Yugoslavia arose at the end of World War I, when the Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolved and Italy claimed the territories assigned to it by the secret London Pact of 1915. According to the pact, signed in London on 26 April 1915 by the Kingdom of Italy and Triple Entente, in case of victory at the end of World War I, Italy was to obtain several territorial gains including former Austrian Littoral, Northern Dalmatia and notably Zadar (Zara), Šibenik (Sebenico), and most of the Dalmatian islands (except Krk and Rab).

These territories had an ethnically mixed population, with Slovenes and Croats composing over the half of the population of the region. The pact was therefore nullified with the Treaty of Versailles under pressure of President Woodrow Wilson, making void Italian claims on Northern Dalmatia. The objective of the Treaty of Rapallo was to find a compromise following the void created by the non-application of the London pact of 1915.

At the conclusions of the discussions, the following territories were annexed to Italy:

the western parts of the former Duchy of Carniola: more than half of the region of Inner Carniola, with the municipalities of Idrija, Vipava, Šturje, Postojna, Št. Peter na Krasu and Ilirska Bistrica, and the Upper Carniolan municipality of Bela Peč/Weissenfels;
the whole territory of former Austrian Littoral, except for the municipality of Kastav and the island of Krk, which were ceded to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes;
the former Dalmatian capital city of Zadar (known as Zara in Italian) and the small Dalmatian islands of Lastovo and Palagruža.

According to the treaty, the city of Rijeka (known as Fiume in Italian) would become the independent Free State of Fiume,[2] thus ending the military occupation of Gabriele d’Annunzio’s troops, begun by the Impresa di Fiume and known as the Italian Regency of Carnaro. This part of the treaty was revoked in 1924, when Italy and Yugoslavia signed the Treaty of Rome, which gave Fiume to Italy and the adjacent port of Sušak to Yugoslavia.

The treaty left a large number of Slovenes and Croats in Italy. According to author Paul N. Hehn, “the treaty left half a million Slavs inside Italy while only a few hundred Italians in the fledgling Yugoslav state”.[3] Indeed, according to the 1910 Austrian census 480,000 South Slavs (Slovenes and Croats) became citizens of the Kingdom of Italy, while around 15,000 Italians became citizens of the new Yugoslav state (around 13,000 in Dalmatia, and the rest in the island of Krk). According to the same census, around 25,000 ethnic Germans and 3,000 Hungarians also lived in the regions annexed to Italy with the Treaty, while the number of Italians living in the region was between 350,000 and 390,000.


Born On This Day

1528 – Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (d. 1588)
Qi Jiguang (November 12, 1528 – January 17, 1588),[1][2][3] courtesy name Yuanjing, art names Nantang and Mengzhu, posthumous name Wuyi, was a military general of the Ming dynasty. He is best known for leading the defense on the coastal regions against wokou pirate activities in the 16th century, as well as for the reinforcement of the Great Wall of China. Qi is also known for writing the military manuals Jixiao Xinshu and Record of Military Training (練兵實紀), which he based on his experience as a martial educator and defensive planner in the Ming military forces. He is regarded as a hero in Chinese culture.




Stan Lee[1] (born Stanley Martin Lieber /ˈliːbər/, December 28, 1922 – November 12, 2018) was an American comic-book writer, editor, and publisher. He was editor-in-chief of Marvel Comics,[2] and later its publisher[3] and chairman,[4] leading its expansion from a small division of a publishing house to a large multimedia corporation.

In collaboration with several artists—particularly Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko—he co-created fictional characters including Spider-Man, the Hulk, Doctor Strange, the Fantastic Four, Daredevil, Black Panther, the X-Men, and—with co-writer Larry Lieber—the characters Ant-Man, Iron Man, and Thor. In doing so, he pioneered a more complex approach to writing superheroes in the 1960s, and in the 1970s challenged the standards of the Comics Code Authority, indirectly leading to it updating its policies.

Following his retirement from Marvel, he remained a public figurehead for the company, and frequently made cameo appearances in Marvel Cinematic Universe films. Meanwhile, he continued independent creative ventures into his 90s.

Lee was inducted into the comic book industry’s Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame in 1994 and the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1995. He received a National Medal of Arts in 2008.

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Sensitive-let’s ride our bikes through it~
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By AMELIA LESTER: The Voice of the ‘Intellectual Dark Web’
Claire Lehmann’s online magazine, Quillette, prides itself on publishing ‘dangerous’ ideas other outlets won’t touch. How far is it willing to go?


Bryan’s Workshop Bryan’s Workshop Hometalker Japan: Turn Your Hutch Into a Candy Hutch!







FYI November 11, 2018

On This Day

1215 – The Fourth Council of the Lateran meets, defining the doctrine of transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are, by that doctrine, said to transform into the body and blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation (Latin: transsubstantiatio; Greek: μετουσίωσις metousiosis) is, according to the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, the change of substance or essence by which the bread and wine offered in the sacrifice of the sacrament of the Eucharist during the Mass, become, in reality, the body and blood of Jesus Christ.

The Roman Catholic Church teaches that in the Eucharistic offering bread and wine are changed into the body and blood of Christ.[1] The reaffirmation of this doctrine was expressed, using the word “transubstantiate”, by the Fourth Council of the Lateran in 1215.[2][3] It was later challenged by various 14th-century reformers—John Wycliffe in particular.[4]

The manner in which the change occurs, the Roman Catholic Church teaches, is a mystery: “The signs of bread and wine become, in a way surpassing understanding, the Body and Blood of Christ.”[5]:1333 The precise terminology to be used to refer to the nature of the Eucharist and its theological implications has a contentious history, especially in the Protestant Reformation.[6]

In the Greek Orthodox Church, the doctrine has been discussed under the term of metousiosis, coined as a direct loan-translation of transsubstantiatio in the 17th century. In Eastern Orthodoxy in general, the Sacred Mystery (Sacrament) of the Eucharist is more commonly discussed using alternative terms such as “trans-elementation” (μεταστοιχείωσις, metastoicheiosis), “re-ordination” (μεταρρύθμισις, metarrhythmisis), or simply “change” (μεταβολή, metabole).


Born On This Day

1891 – Grunya Sukhareva, Ukrainian-Russian psychiatrist and university lecturer (d. 1981)
Grunya Efimovna Sukhareva (Груня Ефимовна Сухарева, alternative transliteration Suchareva) (November 11, 1891 – April 26, 1981[1]) was a Soviet child psychiatrist. She was the first to publish a detailed description of autistic symptoms in 1925.[2] The original paper was in Russian and published in German a year later. Sula Wolff translated it in 1996 for the English-speaking world.[3]

She initially used the term “schizoid psychopathy”, “schizoid” meaning “eccentric” at the time, but later replaced it with “autistic (pathological avoidant) psychopathy” to describe the clinical picture of autism. The article was created almost two decades before the case reports of Hans Asperger and Leo Kanner, which were published while Sukhareva’s pioneering work remained unnoticed.

Sukhareva was born in Kiev to the Jewish family of Chaim Faitelevich and Rachil Iosifovna Sukhareva.[4] Between 1917 and 1921, she worked in a psychiatric hospital in Kiev. From 1921, she worked in Moscow, and from 1933 to 1935 she was leading the department of Psychiatry in Kharkov University (Kharkov Psychoneurological Institute).[2]

In 1935, Sukhareva founded a Faculty of Pediatric Psychiatry in the Central Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education. In 1938, she led a clinic of childhood psychosis under the Russian SFSR Ministry of Agriculture and Food. For many years, she worked as a councillor and leader of the Psychiatric Hospital of Kashchenko in Moscow.[5]



By Emily Alford: Saturday Night Social: Is There Room in This Goose/Beagle Friendship for One More?
By Emily Alford: Woman Arrested After Months of Stashing Needles in Australian Strawberries
After months of panic, Australian police have finally caught the woman who may be responsible for hiding sewing needles in supermarket strawberries.

The 50-year-old woman was arrested in Queensland, though there were 100 cases of needled-infused strawberries reported across the country. At least one man was hospitalized after eating a strawberry that contained a sewing needle.
By Dennis Perkins: SNL’s Pete Davidson eats crow for mocking wounded vet Dan Crenshaw, who delivers more in person
On last night’s Weekend Update, Davidson sheepishly came out to apologize to Crenshaw, joking that his bad taste joke was certainly “a huge shock for people who know me,” and noting that at least Americans of all political persuasions came together to call him a dick. To surprised applause, Crenshaw himself then came out and rather graciously forgave Davidson, noting that the comedian’s dad Scott was an American hero (the NYC firefighter died on 9/11, when Davidson was 7), and calling for people of all persuasions to come together—and not just to agree that Pete Davidson is a dick. Urging respect for all veterans of the armed forces, Crenshaw accepted Davidson’s apology—but not before giving back some personal appearance smack of his own.
Vector’s World: Thank you for your service, Excessive Bling and Scooter pals!
By Sean Braswell: When America Forgot All About its Black WWI Soldiers
Why you should care
Because America’s goal of “making the world safe for democracy” did not apply to the treatment of many of its own soldiers.

By Heather Chapman: Tyler Childers became a voice of Appalachia partly from his negative reaction to Diane Sawyer’s 2009 documentary

By Heather Chapman: Charter school advocate: Rural schools can better succeed with freedom to choose different educational goals
“What we can do is try to collect and disseminate as much information as possible so that those families, schools, and communities can make informed decisions about what courses and programs to offer,” McShane writes. “We can create flexibility in funding streams that allow schools to offer as broad a range of courses and programs as they can so that each student can find the path most appropriate to his or her goals and abilities. And, we can work with both industry and institutions of higher education to make better links between K-12 schools and the opportunities that follow them so that fewer students fall through the cracks.”

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By Suzanne DePoe Test Engineer and Member of the Google American Indian Network: Finding community this Native American Heritage Month
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By Hometalk Hits: Easy DIY Remedies For Your 7 Most Hated Bugs Say bye-bye to those pesky bugs – indoors and outdoors!
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By Nicole Frances Tutorial Team Canada: Gorgeous Little Snowflakes




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FYI November 10, 2018

On This Day

1793 – A Goddess of Reason is proclaimed by the French Convention at the suggestion of Pierre Gaspard Chaumette.
The Cult of Reason (French: Culte de la Raison)[note 1] was France’s first established state-sponsored atheistic religion, intended as a replacement for Roman Catholicism during the French Revolution. It also rivaled Robespierre’s Cult of the Supreme Being.[1][2][3][4]

Opposition to the Roman Catholic Church was integral among the causes of the French Revolution, and this anti-clericalism solidified into official government policy in 1792 after the First French Republic was declared. Most of the dechristianisation of France was motivated by political and economic concerns, and philosophical alternatives to the Church developed more slowly. Among the growing heterodoxy, the so-called Culte de la Raison became defined by some of the most radical revolutionaries like Jacques Hébert, Antoine-François Momoro, Pierre-Gaspard Chaumette, and Joseph Fouché.



Born On This Day

1887 – Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu, Romanian engineer and academic (d. 1973)
Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu (10 November 1887 – 25 November 1973) was one of the world’s first female engineers.[1][2][3] She was born in Romania but qualified in Berlin. During World War one she managed a hospital in Romania.

Early life and education
Elisa Zamfirescu was born in Galați, Romania on 10 November 1887. Her father, Atanase Leonida, was a career officer while her mother, Matilda Gill, was the daughter of a French-born engineer.[2] Her brother Dimitrie Leonida was also an engineer.

Due to prejudices against women in the sciences, Zamfirescu was rejected by the School of Bridges and Roads in Bucharest.[4] In 1909 she was accepted at the Royal Academy of Technology Berlin, Charlottenburg. She graduated in 1912, with a degree in engineering.[2] It has been claimed that Zamfirescu was the world’s first female engineer,[4] but the Irish engineer Alice Perry graduated six years before Zamfirescu in 1906.[5]

Returning to Romania, Zamfirescu worked as an assistant at the Geological Institute of Romania.[4] During World War I, she joined the Red Cross[6] and ran a hospital at Mărășești Romania. In 1917 her hospital received the wounded from the Battle of Mărășești between the German and the Romanian armies.[3] It was a victory by Romania over 28 days during which there were over 12,000 Romanian and over 10,000 of the invaders who were wounded.[7]

Around this time, she met and married chemist Constantin Zamfirescu, brother of the politician and writer Duiliu Zamfirescu.[1]

After the war, Zamfirescu returned to the Geological Institute. She led several geology laboratories and participated in various field studies, including some that identified new resources of coal, shale, natural gas, chromium, bauxite and copper. Zamfirescu also taught physics and chemistry.[1]

Later life and death
Zamfirescu retired in 1963, aged 75. In retirement she was involved in activism for disarmament.[6] She died at the age of 86 on 25 November 1973.

An award for women working in science and technology was established in her name, the Premiul Elisa Leonida-Zamfirescu.[6]

Honours and awards
Zamfirescu was the first woman member of A.G.I.R. (General Association of Romanian Engineers). A street in Sector 1 of Bucharest bears her name,[6] and she was honoured with a Google Doodle on the anniversary of her birthday in 2018.[8]




By Jessica Wildfire – Not My Problem: A Moral Philosophy Your sanity depends on ignoring things that don’t affect you.
By Elizabeth Werth: Anny-Charlotte Verney is the Only Woman to Compete in Le Mans Ten Times
Anne-Charlotte Verney (born 17 May 1943) is a French racing and rally driver. She competed in the 24 Hours of Le Mans for ten straight years from 1974 to 1983, achieving a best finish of sixth in 1981.[1] She participated in the 1982 Dakar Rally with Mark Thatcher, son of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, as her co-driver and navigator. Along with their mechanic Jacky Garnier, they became lost for five days in their Peugeot 504 but were rescued after a military search.[2]
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By Nick Martin: Reckoning With the First Native American Governor Being a Conservative
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By Hometalk Hits: 25 Impressive Ways You Can Update Your Ikea Purchases! Copy one of these clever ideas…or all of them!
Hometalk’s Top 20 DIY Crafts For Kids The kids will love these ones!
By Hometalk Highlights: Make Your Kids Giggle With These Fun Thanksgiving Ideas Keep the fun going all day long with these ideas.








FYI November 09, 2018

On This Day

1277 – Treaty of Aberconwy brings to an end the first of the Welsh Wars.
The Treaty of Aberconwy was signed in 1277 by King Edward I of England and Llewelyn the Last of modern-day Wales, who had fought each other on and off for years over control of the Welsh countryside. The treaty granted peace between the two, but also essentially guaranteed that Welsh self-rule would end upon Llewelyn’s death and represented the completion of the first stage of the Conquest of Wales by Edward I.

Llewelyn, wanting to cement his links to royalty more forcefully, sought to marry Eleanor de Montfort, daughter of Simon de Montfort and King Edward’s cousin. They were married by proxy in 1275, but when Eleanor sailed from France to meet Llewelyn, Edward hired pirates to seize her ship; she was imprisoned at Windsor Castle.

Edward, who was newly acceded to the throne of England, viewed Llewelyn as a threat, and particularly disliked the idea of his marrying the daughter of de Montfort, who had been the biggest threat to his royal predecessor’s reign. Edward also summoned Llewelyn to appear before him on several occasions, which Llewelyn refused on the grounds that he was not safe at Edward’s court.

In 1276, Edward declared Llewelyn a rebel and gathered an enormous army to march against him. By the summer of 1277, Edward’s forces had reached the heart of Gwynedd. Edward’s men confiscated the harvest in Anglesey, which deprived Llewelyn and his men of food, forcing Llewelyn to surrender.

What resulted was the treaty of Aberconwy, which guaranteed peace in Gwynedd in return for several difficult concessions from Llewelyn, including confining his authority to lands west of the River Conwy, while lands east were granted to his brother Dafydd ap Gruffydd, with whom he had earlier fought for control of Wales. Llewelyn was not stripped of his recently proclaimed title, Prince of Wales — but most of the lesser Welsh rulers who had paid him fealty were no longer to recognize him as their lord. Once signed, Edward began building several fortresses along the approach to Gwynedd, at Aberystwyth, Builth, Flint and Rhuddlan. The Treaty was agreed 9th November 1277, ratified by Edward 10th November 1277.

In the years after the treaty, Llewelyn sought to consolidate what power he had left. He paid homage and tribute to Edward, who agreed to allow Llewelyn’s marriage to go forward. In 1278, Llewelyn and Eleanor de Montfort were married in Worcester Cathedral, with Edward present at the nuptials.


Born On This Day

1732 – Jeanne Julie Éléonore de Lespinasse, French businesswoman and author (d. 1776)
Jeanne Julie Éléonore de Lespinasse (9 November 1732 – 23 May 1776) was a French salon holder and letter writer. She held a prominent salon in Paris during the Enlightenment. She is best-known today, however, for her letters, first published in 1809, which offer compelling accounts of two tragic love affairs.

Early life
Julie-Jeanne-Éléonore de Lespinasse was born in Lyon, the illegitimate daughter of Julie-Claude-Hilaire d’Albon, who was the sole heir of an old family.[1][2] Her mother, who was married to the Comte d’Albon, separated from her husband at the time of her birth, and the baby was baptized as the daughter of two fictitious persons, ‘Claude Lespinasse’ and his wife ‘Julie Navarre’.[1] The mystery of who her father really was did not get cleared up until her first careful biographer, the Marquis de Ségur, established that she was the daughter of Gaspard de Vichy-Chamrond, whose sister, Marie Anne de Vichy-Chamrond, marquise du Deffand, ran a famous Paris salon.[1]

Looked down on for her poverty and illegitimate birth, Mlle de Lespinasse had an unhappy childhood marked by neglect. She acquired a basic education at a convent, but she was largely self-educated, an impressive feat given that she was later able to hold her own among France’s top intellectuals.[3] In 1754, Madame du Deffand, who recognized her niece’s extraordinary gifts, persuaded her to come to Paris as her companion.[1]




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By Jason Torchinsky: Dealership Caught Taking Customer’s Corvette on 90+ MPH Joyride UPDATED

By Sarah Barker: Ultrarunner Courtney Dauwalter Takes On The World’s Most Sadistic Endurance Race
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Barn Finds Jeff Lavery: Extreme Vanning: 1976 GMC Custom Van

GMC Parade of Prollynotgonnafinishthis….

Whoever bid $4,500 on this make it easy on yourself and just throw the money out of a moving car-since you will be throwing it away anyhow,,,

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Watch “The Modern Warrior” Veteran’s Day Special on FOX News
5 Vets Walk Into a Bar…with a TV Camera.
I was in New York last week with Marcus Luttrell, Rob O’Neil, Dakota Meyer, and my good friend Pete Hegseth. We sat down at a fancy-pants restaurant, had a beer, and talked about what Veteran’s Day means to each of us. It was a really unique honor.

What’s cool is FOX News setup this entire event and the cameras were rolling. So you can join us at the table and hear the unvarnished conversation. “The Modern Warrior” special will air on Veteran’s Day, Sunday, November 11 at 8pm ET*. It was awesome and I’d love for you to see it!

*Check your local listings just in case, ya know? Shift happens.
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Open Culture Ayun Halliday: A Space of Their Own, a New Online Database, Will Feature Works by 600+ Overlooked Female Artists from the 15th-19th Centuries
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Jamie Hofmann Hometalk Helper Overland Park, KS: Vase: From Plain to Fabulous
By Hometalk Highlights: 35 Budget Ways to Make Your Thanksgiving Look 100 Times Better The coziest holiday is right around the corner, so before your Thanksgiving guests arrive, get your house holiday-ready.
The Interior Frugalista: The basement looks like Santa’s workshop-where the heck are my elves?




Scrappy Geek: Holiday Ham Recipes – 15 Delicious Thanksgiving and Christmas Ham Recipes!



FYI November 08, 2018

On This Day

1576 – Eighty Years’ War: Pacification of Ghent: The States General of the Netherlands meet and unite to oppose Spanish occupation.
The Pacification of Ghent, signed on 8 November 1576, was an alliance of the provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands for the purpose of driving mutinying Spanish mercenary troops from the country and promoting a peace treaty with the rebelling provinces of Holland and Zeeland.


Born On This Day

1342 – Julian of Norwich, English mystic and saint (d. 1416)
Julian of Norwich (c. 8 November 1342 – c. 1416), also called Juliana of Norwich, was an English anchoress and an important Christian mystic and theologian. Her Revelations of Divine Love, written around 1395, is the first book in the English language known to have been written by a woman. She is formally commemorated with a feast on 8 May in the Anglican Church,[1][2][3] Episcopal Church,[4] and Evangelical Lutheran Church.[5][6] She has not yet been formally beatified or canonised in the Roman Catholic Church, so she is not currently in the Roman Martyrology or on the liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church in England and Wales.[7][8] However, she is popularly venerated by Catholics as a holy woman of God, and is therefore at times referred to as “Saint”, “Blessed”, or “Mother” Julian.[9][10][11]




By Tamika Jones: R.I.P. Kitty O’Neil, stuntwoman who helped bring Lynda Carter’s Wonder Woman to life

Kitty Linn O’Neil (March 24, 1946 – November 2, 2018) was an American stuntwoman and racer, known as “the fastest woman in the world.” An illness in early childhood left her deaf, and more illnesses in early adulthood cut short a career in diving, but O’Neil’s career as a stuntwoman and racer led to her depiction in a television movie and as an action figure. Her women’s land speed record still stands.

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By Deniz Cam: Trump Isn’t America’s Richest Politician Anymore. Illinois’ New Governor J.B. Pritzker Is.
Jeremy Bogaisky: Bombardier Fights To Regain Altitude

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The Accent Piece: Router Flattening Sled




By In The Kitchen With Matt: Easy Rock Candy

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By wold360: The Science Of Baking



FYI November 07, 2018

On This Day

1907 – Jesús García saves the entire town of Nacozari de García by driving a burning train full of dynamite six kilometers (3.7 miles) away before it can explode.
Jesús García Corona (13 November 1881 – 7 November 1907) was a Mexican railroad brakeman who died while preventing a train loaded with dynamite from exploding near Nacozari, Sonora, in 1907. As el héroe de Nacozari he is revered as a national hero and many streets, plazas, and schools across Mexico are named after him.

García was born in Hermosillo, Sonora. At the age of 17 got a job with Moctezuma Copper Company, but due to his age, he was made a waterboy. He was promoted to switchman, then to brakeman.

Jesús García was the railroad brakeman for the train that covered the line between Nacozari, Sonora, and Douglas, Arizona. On 7 November 1907 the train was stopped in the town and, as he was resting, he saw that some hay on the roof of a car containing dynamite had caught fire. The cause of the fire was that the locomotive’s firebox was failing and sparks were going out from the smokestack. The wind blew them and got into the dynamite cars. García drove the train in reverse downhill at full-steam six kilometers out of the town before the dynamite exploded, killing him and sparing the population of the mining town.

In his honor a statue was raised and the name of the town of Nacozari was changed to Nacozari de García. He was declared Hero of Humanity by the American Red Cross, many streets in Mexico carry his name, and the Estadio Héroe de Nacozari sports stadium in Hermosillo is also named after him. García’s sacrifice is remembered in the corrido (ballad) “Máquina 501”, sung by Pancho “el Charro” Avitia, and Mexican railroad workers commemorate 7 November every year as the Día del Ferrocarrilero (Railroader’s Day). His heroism is also recounted in the ballad, “Jesus Garcia” sung by Arizona State’s official balladeer, Dolan Ellis, who wanted to let the world know of the “Casey Jones of Mexico” who saved the town.

The “Máquina 501” song in free translation:

Engine 501
rolls through Sonora.
And the brakeman
who won’t sigh will cry.

One fine Sunday, gentlemen,
’round three o’clock,
Jesús Garcia sweetly
caressed his mother.

“Soon I must depart,
kind mother,
the train whistle
draws the future near.”

Arriving at the station
a whistle blew shrill.
The wagon with dynamite
menaced with its roof afire.

The fireman says,
“Jesús, let’s scram!
that wagon behind
will burn us to hell.”

Jesús replies,
“That I cannot own–
this conflagration
will kill the whole town!”

So he throws it in reverse
to escape downhill
and by the sixth mile
into God’s hands he’d arrived.

From that unforgettable day
you’ve earned the holy cross
you’ve earned our applause.
Jesús, you’re our hero.

Engine 501
rolls through Sonora.
And the brakeman
who won’t sigh will cry.


Born On This Day

1878 – Lise Meitner, Austrian-English physicist and academic (d. 1968)
Lise Meitner (/ˈliːzə ˈmaɪtnər/; German: [ˈmaɪtnɐ]; 7 November 1878 – 27 October 1968) was an Austrian-Swedish physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics. Meitner, Otto Hahn and Otto Robert Frisch led the small group of scientists who first discovered nuclear fission of uranium when it absorbed an extra neutron; the results were published in early 1939.[4][5] Meitner, Hahn and Frisch understood that the fission process, which splits the atomic nucleus of uranium into two smaller nuclei, must be accompanied by an enormous release of energy. Nuclear fission is the process exploited by nuclear reactors to generate heat and, subsequently, electricity.[6] This process is also one of the basics of nuclear weapons that were developed in the U.S. during World War II and used against Japan in 1945.

Meitner spent most of her scientific career in Berlin, Germany, where she was a physics professor and a department head at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute; she was the first woman to become a full professor of physics in Germany. She lost these positions in the 1930s because of the anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws of Nazi Germany, and in 1938 she fled to Sweden, where she lived for many years, ultimately becoming a Swedish citizen.

Meitner received many awards and honors late in her life, but she did not share in the 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for nuclear fission that was awarded exclusively to her long-time collaborator Otto Hahn. In the 1990s, the records of the committee that decided on that prize were opened. Based on this information, several scientists and journalists have called her exclusion “unjust”, and Meitner has received many posthumous honors, including naming chemical element 109 meitnerium in 1992.[7][8][9][10][11] Despite not having been awarded the Nobel Prize, Lise Meitner was invited to attend the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting in 1962.[12]





By Rich Juzwiak: Harassed Out of Hollywood: A Veteran Stuntwoman Reflects on Life in the Movies and on the Blacklist

By Monique Judge: Supporters Raise More Than $90,000 for California Teacher Who Fought His Student
By Odrán Waldron: James McClean’s Refusal To Wear The Poppy Has Made Him The Most Hated Man In English Soccer
McClean is from the Creggan estate in Derry, Northern Ireland’s second biggest and predominantly Catholic city. In an open letter addressed to the Wigan chairman Dave Whelan, McClean explained that he could not wear a poppy because it was “used to remember victims of other conflicts since 1945.” As a son of a city eternally scarred by the British Army’s 1972 massacre of fourteen civil rights marchers—including six from Creggan—in what became known as Bloody Sunday, he said that he could not show “disrespect for the innocent people who lost their lives in the Troubles—and Bloody Sunday especially”.
Today’s email was written by Aisha Hassan, edited by Jessanne Collins, and produced by Luiz Romero – Quartz Obsession: Lavender: The soothing scent of self-care
By Addison Nugent: Unraveling the Mystery of Eilean Mor Lighthouse
By Michelle Bruton: The Chicago Coffeehouse That Offers a Shot of Psychology
Sip of Hope is the world’s first coffee shop where 100% of proceeds support proactive suicide prevention and mental health education.

Abhi Chaudhuri Product Manager: Continuing the fight against child sexual abuse online







FYI November 06, 2018

On This Day

1217 – The Charter of the Forest is sealed at St Paul’s Cathedral, London by King Henry III, acting under the regency of William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke which re-establishes for free men rights of access to the royal forest that had been eroded by William the Conqueror and his heirs.
The Charter of the Forest of 1217 (Latin: Carta Foresta) is a charter that re-established for free men rights of access to the royal forest that had been eroded by William the Conqueror and his heirs. Many of its provisions were in force for centuries afterwards.[1] It was originally sealed in England by the young King Henry III, acting under the regency of William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke.[2] It was in many ways a companion document to the Magna Carta, and redressed some applications of the Anglo-Norman Forest Law that had been extended and abused by William Rufus.

‘Forest'[3] to the Normans meant an enclosed area where the monarch (or sometimes another aristocrat) had exclusive rights to animals of the chase and the greenery (“vert”) on which they fed.[4] It did not consist only of trees, but included large areas of heathland, grassland and wetlands, productive of food, grazing and other resources. Lands became more and more restricted as King Richard and King John designated greater and greater areas as royal forest. At its widest extent, royal forest covered about one-third of the land of southern England.[4] Thus it became an increasing hardship on the common people to try to farm, forage, and otherwise use the land they lived on.

The Charter of the Forest was first issued on 6 November 1217 at St Paul’s Cathedral, London[5] as a complementary charter to the Magna Carta from which it had evolved. It was reissued in 1225[6] with a number of minor changes to wording, and then was joined with Magna Carta in the Confirmation of Charters in 1297.[7]

At a time when royal forests were the most important potential source of fuel for cooking, heating and industries such as charcoal burning, and of such hotly defended rights as pannage (pasture for their pigs), estover (collecting firewood), agistment (grazing), or turbary (cutting of turf for fuel),[8] this charter was almost unique in providing a degree of economic protection for free men who used the forest to forage for food and to graze their animals. In contrast to Magna Carta, which dealt with the rights of barons, it restored to the common man some real rights, privileges and protections against the abuses of an encroaching aristocracy.[9] For many years it was regarded as a development of great significance in England’s constitutional history, with the great seventeenth-century jurist Sir Edward Coke referring to it along with Magna Carta as the Charters of England’s Liberties,[4] and Sir William Blackstone remarking in the eighteenth century that “There is no transaction in the antient part of our english history more interesting and important, than . . . the charters of liberties, emphatically stiled THE GREAT CHARTER and CHARTER OF THE FOREST . . . .”[10]



Born On This Day

1894 – Opal Kunz, American pilot and activist (d. 1967)
Opal Kunz (November 6, 1894 – May 15, 1967)[1] was an early American aviator, the chief organizer of the Betsy Ross Air Corps, and a charter member of the Ninety-Nines organization of women pilots. In 1930, she became the first woman pilot to race with men in an open competition. She made many public appearances to urge more women to take up flying.

Personal history
Opal Logan Giberson was born in 1894 or 1896 in Missouri to Edward F. Giberson and his wife.[2][3] She graduated from Dana Hall School in Wellesley, Massachusetts.[3]

In 1923, she married mineralogist George Frederick Kunz (1856–1932).[4][5] The marriage was annulled in 1929.[6] The couple remained on good terms, with Kunz caring for George for the remainder of his life.[6] On his death, he left her a substantial bequest.[7][8]

Aviation career

Kunz earned her pilot’s license in 1929. A crash two weeks later in New Jersey drew extensive press coverage; she escaped uninjured.[9][10] A second crash two years later left her with gasoline burns. [11][12]

She spent a great deal of time and money on her flying pursuits and always named her planes after Betsy Ross.[4] On April 7, 1930, at the Philadelphia American Legion Benefit Air Meet, she became the first woman to race with men in open competition.[4][13] She won the race.[14]

Kunz gave frequent press interviews and radio addresses to urge more women to take up flying.[15][16][17]

Powder Puff Derby
In 1929, Kunz participated in the first Women’s Air Derby, later dubbed the “Powder Puff Derby” by humorist Will Rogers. At the time, there were only 70 licensed female pilots in the entire United States, and only 40 qualified to take part in this contest. The transcontinental course began in Santa Monica, California, and ended in Cleveland, Ohio.

Race rules stipulated that the aircraft must have horsepower “appropriate for a woman.” Kunz was told her own 300-horsepower Beech Travel Air was too fast for a woman to handle and would not be allowed. Forced to borrow a less-powerful airplane in order to take part in the race, she finished eighth.[18]

Death of Jack Donaldson
On September 7, 1930, Kunz loaned her plane to aviator John Donaldson at the American Legion Air Races meet in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Donaldson suffered fatal injuries when the airplane fell from a height of 1,800 feet straight down into the municipal airfield.[19]

Betsy Ross Air Corps
Kunz was an organizer of the Betsy Ross Air Corps, a paramilitary service formed to support to support the Army Air Corps (the precursor to the U.S. Air Force) in national defense and to serve as humanitarian “air minutemen”[20] in times of emergency.[13][21][22][23][24][25] It also had the goal of offering flight instruction to women in order to build a reserve group of women aviators.[22][26][27] Kunz grew the corps to about 100 members, partially funding it herself.[13][28] She served as the corps’ first commander, and her husband designed its insignia.[22][29][30][31] The short-lived corps (1931–1933) was never formally recognized by the U.S. military.

World War II
As World War II approached, Kunz began teaching aviation students at Arkansas State College. In 1942, she moved to Rhode Island, and at the start of World War II became an instructor at the Rhode Island state airport for Navy cadets and for the government-sponsored Civilian Pilot Training Program. She taught several hundred young men how to fly for the war effort.[32]

Later years
After the war, she became an inspector for the Aerojet Corporation in California.[32]

In 1961, following after the historic space flight of the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, she wrote to President John F. Kennedy to volunteer her services as an American astronaut. In honor of her extensive aviation experience, the president wrote her a courteous reply.[32]

Kunz died at home in Auburn, California in 1967.
The Betsy Ross Air Corps (1931–1933) was a pre–World War II organization of female pilots formed to support the Army Air Corps and to be of service in times of emergency. Founded during the Great Depression by aviator Opal Kunz and named after Revolutionary War hero Betsy Ross, the short-lived corps was never formally recognized by the U.S. military.


The founder of the Betsy Ross Air Corps, aviator Opal Kunz, had been disappointed that an earlier organization of women aviators, the Ninety-Nines, had not answered her goal of creating a women’s national defense corps.[1] So in 1931, Kunz formed the Betsy Ross Air Corps as a paramilitary service[2] to support the Army Air Corps (the precursor to the U.S. Air Force) in national defense and to serve as humanitarian “air minutemen”[3] in times of emergency.[4][5][6][7][8] It also had the goal of offering flight instruction to women in order to build a reserve group of women aviators.[5][9]

Apart from Kunz, aviators present at the first meeting of the corps (either in person or by proxy) included: Pancho Barnes, Marjorie Stinson, Mary Goodrich Jenson, Ruth Elder, LaBelle Sweeley, Ruth Bridwell McConnell, Eleanor McRae, Jean LaRene, Jane Dodge, Manila Davis, Margery Doig, Gladys O’Donnell, May Haizlip, and E. Ruth Webb.”[10] Later members included Hattie Meyers Junkin,[11] Aline Miller,[12] and Martha Morehouse.[13]

Kunz served as the corps’ first commander, and her husband designed its insignia.[5][10][14] The corps had its own uniforms,[15] and an anthem was commissioned for the corps.[6] The corps has occasionally been referred to by the nickname “The Lady Bugs”.[15]

Kunz grew the corps to about 100 members and kept it going for several years, partially funding it herself.[4][16] Among its other activities, the corps took part in air shows to raise money for charities.[10]

In a letter that Kunz later wrote to President John F. Kennedy, she said that she had intended to form a “Women’s Reserve Corp” [sic].[4][17] As it turned out, it was flier Pancho Barnes who afterwards formed the Women’s Air Reserve as an unofficial branch of the U.S. Air Force.[1]


eWillys: Kentucky’s Frontier Nursing Service & Jeeps
In 1952, Mary authored a story about the FNS titled Wide Neighborhoods: A Story of the Frontier Nursing Service. It’s possible the book might yield more specific information about the introduction of jeeps into the FNS. IN the meantime, the University of Kentucky appeared to have more digital images of the FNS and jeeps, but unfortunately I couldn’t get the links to open.

The school founded by the FNS continues today as Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing.

By Kelly Faircloth: Remembering the Kindertransport, 80 Years On
By Kelly Faircloth: Hot Pants-Wearing Scourge of Corporate America Dead at 89
By Joshua Benton: The New York Times wants to preface your Election Night panic with some Election Day zen
By Cara Giaimo: How Nevada Became the Only State Where You Can Vote for ‘None of These Candidates’
Today’s email was written by Allison Schrager and Whet Moser, edited by Jessanne Collins, and produced by Luiz Romero – Quartz Obsession The 401(k): 40 and fabulous!
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By Mariella Moon: FCC pushes carriers to implement caller ID authentication by 2019
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By Andew Mentock: When Two Pot-Smoking Farmers Faced Off With the FBI
Some members of the Vandalia community see the standoff as a choice Crosslin and Rohm made, while others believe it was murder. “I think it’s fair to say that [Teter] was hard on them,” Kuipers said, “but I think he was mostly a guy who upheld the law. I can’t say honestly that he had any particular animus for these guys.” Following the publishing of Burning Rainbow Farm in 2006, Kuipers toured much of the country and was often invited to speak at hemp festivals, where he’d hear people invoking “Tom and Rollie” as a rallying cry. “They were definitely portrayed as martyrs for the [pro-marijuana] movement,” Kuipers says. But he cautions not to forget that Crosslin, too, was armed to the teeth.

“People are real, and people are complex,” Kuipers said. “Tom Crosslin was a complex dude. […] He thought he had to fight for what he wanted in the world, and he did fight for it and ended up dying for it.”
Open Culture Josh Jones: Edward Gorey Talks About His Love Cats & More in the Animated Series, “Goreytelling”


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By caintlinsdad: Getting Started in Wearables
By partybot: LED Color Sensing Chameleon




By scoochmaroo: Award Winning Pie Recipes



FYI November 05, 2018

On This Day

1499 – Publication of the Catholicon, written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc in Tréguier; this is the first Breton dictionary as well as the first French dictionary.
Catholicon (from Greek Καθολικόν, meaning “universal”) is a 15th-century Breton-French-Latin dictionary. It is the first Breton dictionary and also the first French dictionary. It contains six thousand entries and was compiled in 1464 by the Breton priest Jehan Lagadeuc. It was printed in 1499 in Tréguier. A manuscript of the dictionary is preserved in the national library in Paris identified as Latin 7656.

This Catholicon is referred to by some historians as the Catholicon Armoricum, in reference to Armorica which is a name for Brittany in Latin. It is a different dictionary than the Catholicon Anglicum which is an English-Latin dictionary compiled at very nearly the same time in England. The Catholicon Armoricum is also to be distinguished from the Catholicon of John of Genoa a dictionary dated late 13th century written in Italy.

Le Catholicon, reproduction of Jehan Calvez’s edition (5 November 1499) from a copy at Rennes, edited by Christian-J. Guyonvarc’h, Éditions Ogam, Rennes, 1975

–do.–New edition issued by éditions Armeline, Brest, 2005

Le Men, René-François, ed. (1867). Catholicon de Jehan Lagadeuc, dictionnaire breton, français et latin (in French). Lorient: Éditions et impression Corfmat.
Le vocabulaire breton du Catholicon (1499), le premier dictionnaire breton imprimé breton-français-latin de Jehan Lagadeuc, edited by Gwennole Le Menn, (Bibliothèque bretonne; 11.) Imprimerie Keltia Graphic, Edition Skol (Spézet), 2001
Le Menn, Gwennole, ed. (2001). Le vocabulaire breton du Catholicon (1499), le premier dictionnaire breton imprimé breton-français-latin de Jehan Lagadeuc. Bibliothèque bretonne (in French). 11. Spézet: Edition Skol.
Trépos, Pierre (1964). “Le Catholicon de Jehan Lagadeuc. Pour son cinquième centenaire”. Annales de Bretagne (in French). 71 (4): 501–552. doi:10.3406/abpo.1964.2236. ISSN 0003-391X. Retrieved 5 November 2018.

External links
Facsimile edition of the Catholicon


Born On This Day

1607 – Anna Maria van Schurman, Dutch painter (d. 1678)
Anna Maria van Schurman (November 5, 1607 – May 4, 1678) was a Dutch painter, engraver, poet, and scholar, who is best known for her exceptional learning and her defence of female education. She was a highly educated woman, who excelled in art, music, and literature, and became proficient in fourteen languages, including Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Aramaic, and an Ethiopic language, as well as various contemporary European languages.[1]

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By Michael J. Mooney: The Hero of the Sutherland Springs Shooting Is Still Reckoning with What Happened that Day
A year in the life of Stephen Willeford, who disrupted the mass murder in his small town’s First Baptist Church and became known as the ultimate good guy with a gun.
By Ashley Reese: Alaska Congressman Fondly Remembers the Good Ol’ Days of Ogling Hot Staffers
Toward the end of Young’s interview on The Alaska Landmine, the proudly boisterous Young said that he usually frets over whether his comments will upset people.

“If it’s offensive to my wife, I won’t say it,” said Young. “But she’s pretty understanding, and that to me is very, very important.”
By Rich Juzwiak: Long-Awaited Aretha Franklin Documentary Amazing Grace Is Coming to Theaters

By Tobias Harvey – Orford Ness: exploring Britain’s secret military hinterland
Savannah Tanbusch – Blog Profiles: Tattoo Blogs

By Nick Fouriezos: Trump Forces Big Pharma to Swallow a Bitter Pill
GlacierHub – Newsletter 11/5/2018
The Passive Voice – The Poker Table Becomes a Literary Muse, People think The office of the future? No desks, no chairs? Is Nicki Minaj “Sorry” for Unauthorized Sampling of Tracy Chapman Song? Blocking Materials That Infringe Copyright
Today’s email was written by Natasha Frost, edited by Jessanne Collins, and produced by Luiz Romero – Solitary bees: Unsung heroines outside the hive


Open Culture Colin Marshall: How to Make and Wear Medieval Armor: An In-Depth Primer


Lily Oleynik Hometalker Kuna, ID: Concrete Moss Pumpkins in 20 Minutes
By Hometalk Highlights: Bet You’ve Never Thought of Doing This With Your Old Socks (16 Ideas)
By Hometalk Highlights: Your Totally-Doable 15 Day Plan to a Clean Home In less than a month, your home will be pristine from cellar to ceiling!
Wendy at My French Twist: What can you do with a broom handle & 960 feet of rope?… STILL looking for ideas for a beautiful Thanksgiving table? Here’s another lovely Fall vignette! And here’s an easy Fall swag you can make with Indian corn and acorns… And ORC – One Room Challenge




Julia O’Malley: How Alaska Eats: Frisky biscuits, Crock-Pot stew and hot-sauce poached salmon