On This Day
1678 – Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy when she graduates from the University of Padua.
Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia (US: /kɔːrˌnɑːroʊ pɪˈskoʊpiə/, Italian: [ˈɛːlena luˈkrɛttsja korˈnaːro piˈskɔːpja]) or Elena Lucrezia Corner (Italian: [korˈnɛr]; 5 June 1646 – 26 July 1684), also known in English as Helen Cornaro, was a Venetian philosopher of noble descent who in 1678 became one of the first women to receive an academic degree from a university, and the first to receive a Doctor of Philosophy degree.
Born On This Day
1866 – Eloísa Díaz, Chilean doctor and Chile’s first female physician (d. 1950)
Eloísa Díaz Inzunza (Spanish pronunciation: [elo.ˈisa ˈði.aθ]; June 25, 1866 – November 1, 1950), was the first female medical student to attend the University of Chile, and the first woman to become a doctor of medicine in Chile as well as the entire region of South America.
Early life and education
Eloísa Díaz Insunza was born in Santiago, Chile. Her parents were Eulogio Díaz Varas and Carmela Insunza. She completed her requisite studies at Dolores Cabrera Martínez’s school, Isabel Le Brun de Pinochet’s school and at Instituto Nacional.
Díaz enrolled in 1880 in Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad de Chile (English: University of Chile, School of Medicine) shortly after a law was enacted which allowed women to study at the university. Díaz became the first woman in South America to graduate and earn her medical license She graduated on December 27, 1886, and obtained her degree on January 3, 1887. Her thesis was named Breves observaciones sobre la aparición de la pubertad en la mujer chilena y las predisposiciones patológicas del sexo (English: Brief observations on the apparition of puberty in Chilean women and their pathological predispositions about sex).
Díaz began working at San Borja Hospital in January 1891. She worked as a teacher and physician in Escuela Normal from 1889 until 1897. Díaz became the School Medic Supervisor of Santiago in 1898, and was promoted to School Medic Supervisor of Chile. Díaz held this position for more than 30 years. As a philanthropist, Díaz founded several kindergartens, polyclinics for the poor, and school camps.
In 1910, Díaz participated in the Hygiene and Medicine International Scientific Congress in Buenos Aires, where she was named “Illustrious Woman of America”. Díaz was named Director of the School Medical Service of Chile in 1911, where she implemented school breakfasts and mass vaccination of students, as well as campaigns to combat alcoholism, rickets and tuberculosis.
Díaz retired in 1925. In 1950, she was taken ill and admitted to the San Vicente de Paúl Hospital, where she died at the age of 84.
La Florida “Dra. Eloísa Díaz Insunza” Hospital is inaugurated in November 2013.
On June 25, 2018 Google celebrated her 152nd birthday with a doodle.
1874 – Rose O’Neill, American cartoonist, illustrator, artist, and writer (d. 1944)
Rose Cecil O’Neill (June 25, 1874 – April 6, 1944) was an American cartoonist, illustrator, artist, and writer. She built a successful career as a magazine and book illustrator and, at a young age, became the best-known and highest- paid female commercial illustrator in the United States. O’ Neill earned a fortune and international fame by creating the Kewpie, the most widely known cartoon character until Mickey Mouse.
The daughter of a book salesman and a homemaker, O’Neill was raised in rural Nebraska. She exhibited interest in the arts at an early age, and sought a career as an illustrator in New York City at age fifteen. Her Kewpie cartoons, which made their debut in a 1909 issue of Ladies’ Home Journal, were later manufactured as bisque dolls in 1912 by J. D. Kestner, a German toy company, followed by composition material and celluloid versions. The dolls were wildly popular in the early twentieth century, and are considered to be one of the first mass-marketed toys in the United States.
O’Neill also wrote several novels and books of poetry, and was active in the women’s suffrage movement. She was for a time the highest-paid female illustrator in the world upon the success of the Kewpie dolls. O’Neill has been inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame.
Author Craig N. Hooper:
1. The latest Garrison Chase thriller, All the Good Men, is now available on Amazon. You can get it here:
In the United States: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B08BCTLXQ6
In Canada: https://www.amazon.ca/dp/B08BCTLXQ6
2. To support the launch of my new book, I’m giving away the first book in the series, The Greatest Good. Get your FREE copy by June 28th at the latest. It’s back to regular price on the 29th. Get it here:
In the U.S.: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07VYP77N3
In Canada: https://www.amazon.ca/dp/B07VYP77N3
“Working to deliver the most wisdom per word of any newsletter on the web.”
Read this on JamesClear.com
Happy 3-2-1 Thursday,
Allow me to share three short ideas, two quotes from others, and one question to ponder this week.
3 IDEAS FROM ME
“Where you spend your attention is where you spend your life.”
“You always hold the rights to your effort, but never to your results.
Results are entitled to no one. At best, they are on loan and must be renewed each day.
All you own is the right to try.”
“Some of the major drivers of human behavior…
Safety: Does it provide peace of mind or reduce risk?
Sex: Does it help them find love or make love?
Convenience: Does it save time or energy?
Social norms: Does it help them get along with others?
Status: Does it improve their standing or help them gain approval?
…which all fit into the larger category of self-interest: How does it serve the person?”
2 QUOTES FROM OTHERS
Novelist Jennifer Egan on reading as fuel:
“Reading is the nourishment that lets you do interesting work.”
Source: Life Advice from Jennifer Egan
Inventor and businessman Thomas Edison on focus:
“You do something all day long, don’t you? Every one does. If you get up at seven o’clock and go to bed at eleven, you have put in sixteen good hours, and it is certain with most people, that they have been doing something all the time. They have been either walking, or reading, or writing, or thinking. The only trouble is that they do it about a great many things and I do it about one. If they took the time in question and applied it in one direction, to one object, they would succeed. Success is sure to follow such application. The trouble lies in the fact that people do not have an object, one thing, to which they stick, letting all else go. Success is the product of the severest kind of mental and physical application.”
Source: How They Succeeded
1 QUESTION FOR YOU
What can you work on today that will continue working for you years from now?
Until next week,
Author of the million-copy bestseller, Atomic Habits
Creator of the Habit Journal
The Passive Voice: Don’t Do Business with Crazy People