FYI April 12, 2019

On This Day

1955 – The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio).[1] Two types are used: an inactivated poliovirus given by injection (IPV) and a weakened poliovirus given by mouth (OPV).[1] The World Health Organization recommends all children be fully vaccinated against polio.[1] The two vaccines have eliminated polio from most of the world,[2][3] and reduced the number of cases reported each year from an estimated 350,000 in 1988 to 33 in 2018.[4][5]

The inactivated polio vaccines are very safe.[1] Mild redness or pain may occur at the site of injection.[1] Oral polio vaccines cause about three cases of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis per million doses given.[1] This compares with 5,000 cases per million who are paralysed following a polio infection.[6] Both are generally safe to give during pregnancy and in those who have HIV/AIDS but are otherwise well.[1]

The first polio vaccine was the inactivated polio vaccine.[1] It was developed by Jonas Salk and came into use in 1955.[1][7] The oral polio vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin and came into commercial use in 1961.[1][8] They are on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.[9] The wholesale cost in the developing world is about US$0.25 per dose for the oral form as of 2014.[10] In the United States, it costs between $25 and $50 for the inactivated form.[11]



Born On This Day

1883 – Imogen Cunningham, American photographer and educator (d. 1976)
Imogen Cunningham (/ˈkʌnɪŋəm/; April 12, 1883 – June 23, 1976) was an American photographer known for her botanical photography, nudes, and industrial landscapes. Cunningham was a member of the California-based Group f/64, known for its dedication to the sharp-focus rendition of simple subjects.[1]



Vector’s World: Aloha Friday and more ->
By Emily Alford: Ashley Judd On Georgia’s Abortion Ban: ‘I Would’ve Had to Co-Parent With My Rapist’
By Elizabeth Blackstock: Here’s a Video That Explains The Difference Between a Dual Clutch and a Sequential Manual Gearbox
By Dell Cameron: Lawmakers Demand Social Network Execs Reveal What They Spend to Fight Terrorism
By Andrew Liszewski: Skype’s Latest Feature Will Help You Show Your Parents How to Use Their New Phone
By David Murphy: How Do I Leech My Neighbor’s Wifi Connection?
Gizmodo Science: 400-Year-Old Sacrificed Guinea Pigs Wearing Colorful Earrings and Necklaces Discovered in Peru; Gravitational Wave Detectors Spot Two Potential Black Hole Collisions in a Weekand and more ->
By Joe Palca: A Math Teacher’s Life Summed Up By The Gifted Students He Mentored
Library Journal: Page To Screen, Apr. 12, 2019 | Book Pulse

Webneel: Lost in Thought – Beautiful Paper Sculpture and artworks by Eiko Ojala

By Harry McCracken: Meet the woman behind Amazon’s explosive growth
Gary Price Info Docket: Louisiana State University (LSU) to Launch New Online-Only Digital Studies Minor; Germany: Bonn Library Recovers 600 Books Missing Since the Second World War and more ->
By Jon Brodkin: Ajit Pai proposes $20 billion for “up to” gigabit-speed rural broadband
At $2 billion a year over ten years, the fund will provide more money each year over a longer period of time than the CAF program it would replace. It will also fund higher-speed services. The CAF funding only required carriers, including AT&T and CenturyLink, to deploy broadband with speeds of at least 10Mbps downstream and 1Mbps upstream.

In November 2018, Pai said he’s proposing to raise the standard for subsidized deployments from 10Mbps/1Mbps to 25Mbps/3Mbps. But the program announced today will also try to go beyond the 25Mbps/3Mbps minimum. In an email to reporters, Pai’s office said the Rural Digital Opportunity Fund will “provide up to gigabit-speed broadband in the parts of the country most in need of connectivity.”
The Rural Blog: Congress leaves for break without approving disaster aid; Ag Census shows shows farms consolidating and farmers getting older and more ->


FRESHCUTKY Hometalker Hueysville, KY: Easy to Grow NO DIG Potatoes in the Vegetable Garden!




A Taste of Alaska: Brownie Bark for the Road
By Creative Mom CZ: Cottage Cheese and Black Currant Pie
Little Big House Alaska: Ciabatta Bread

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