FYI April 12, 2021

On This Day

1955 – The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio).[2] Two types are used: an inactivated poliovirus given by injection (IPV) and a weakened poliovirus given by mouth (OPV).[2] The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends all children be fully vaccinated against polio.[2] The two vaccines have eliminated polio from most of the world,[3][4] and reduced the number of cases reported each year from an estimated 350,000 in 1988 to 33 in 2018.[5][6]

The inactivated polio vaccines are very safe.[2] Mild redness or pain may occur at the site of injection.[2] Oral polio vaccines cause about three cases of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis per million doses given.[2] This compares with 5,000 cases per million who are paralysed following a polio infection.[7] Both are generally safe to give during pregnancy and in those who have HIV/AIDS but are otherwise well.[2]

The first successful demonstration of a polio vaccine was by Hilary Koprowski in 1950, with a live attenuated virus which people drank.[8] The vaccine was not approved for use in the United States, but was used successfully elsewhere.[8] An inactivated polio vaccine, developed a few years later by Jonas Salk, came into use in 1955.[2][9] A different, oral polio vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin and came into commercial use in 1961.[2][10] It is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines.[11]



Born On This Day

1883 – Imogen Cunningham, American photographer and educator (d. 1976)
Imogen Cunningham (/ˈkʌnɪŋəm/; April 12, 1883 – June 23, 1976) was an American photographer known for her botanical photography, nudes, and industrial landscapes. Cunningham was a member of the California-based Group f/64, known for its dedication to the sharp-focus rendition of simple subjects.[1]




Al Cross and Heather Chapman at The Rural Blog: Documentary based on journalists’ rural trek across the U.S. premieres Tuesday on HBO; sky-high lumber prices aren’t helping timber producers much.. and more ->
James Clear: 3-2-1: Pushing yourself, listening, and a simple rule for life and work
Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Herring Spawn and Evening Light
By Savannah Tanbusch, Beyond Bylines, Blogs We Love: Blog Profiles: Puppy Blogs
By Colin Wood, Classic Motorsports: Is the Mazda Miata a Classic in Its Own Right? | Coming Soon to an Issue Near You
By Colin Marshall, Open Culture: The Ingenious Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci Recreated with 3D Animation
The Awesomer: Skiing Ostriches and more ->
By MessyNessy, 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. DL): A Belle Epoque Parisian Restaurant, Then & Now; One of the Best Thrift Stores in NYC Is Run by a Staten Island Commune (or cult?); The Louvre’s entire art collection is now available online (without the crowds); Steel Town: Documenting America’s Rust Belt; Dad Jokes on Boats and more ->
APD: Our Dispatchers and Call Takers are nothing short of spectacular!
David at Raptitude: The Ancient Art of Using Time Well
Atlas Obscura: A typo helped birth this town symbol; The Joys of Sour Orange Pie; How PPE Endangers Wildlife and more ->



Chocolate Covered Katie: TikTok Baked Oats
Dianna Ackerley, Taste of Home: Tex-Mex Potato Salad
By Betty Crocker Kitchens: 10 Recipes That Prove Spring Has Sprung
Ina Garten, Food Network Magazine: Ultimate Grilled Cheese
Kelli Foster, The Kitchn: Kitchn’s 10 Most-Saved Slow Cooker Suppers





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Stump the Bookseller is a service offered by Loganberry Books to reconnect people to the books they love but can’t quite remember. In brief (for more detailed information see our About page), people can post their memories here, and the hivemind goes to work. After all, the collective mind of bibliophiles, readers, parents and librarians around the world is much better than just a few of us thinking. Together with these wonderful Stumper Magicians, we have a nearly 50% success rate in finding these long lost but treasured books. The more concrete the book description, the better the success rate, of course. It is a labor of love to keep it going, and there is a modest fee. Please see the How To page to find price information and details on how to submit your Book Stumper and payment.

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