FYI April 13, 2021

On This Day

1829 – The Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829 gives Roman Catholics in the United Kingdom the right to vote and to sit in Parliament.
The Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829, also known as the Catholic Emancipation Act 1829, was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1829. It was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the United Kingdom. In Ireland, it repealed the Test Act 1672 and the remaining Penal Laws which had been in force since the passing of the Disenfranchising Act of the Irish Parliament of 1728. Its passage followed a vigorous campaign that threatened insurrection led by Irish lawyer Daniel O’Connell. The British leaders, the prime minister the Duke of Wellington and his top aide Robert Peel, although initially opposed, gave in to avoid civil strife.

The act permitted members of the Catholic Church to sit in the parliament at Westminster. O’Connell had won a seat in a by-election for Clare in 1828 against an Anglican. Under the then extant penal law, O’Connell, as a Catholic, was forbidden to take his seat in Parliament. Peel, the Home Secretary, until then was called “Orange Peel” because he always supported the Orange (anti-Catholic) position. Peel now concluded: “though emancipation was a great danger, civil strife was a greater danger.”[1] Fearing a revolution in Ireland, Peel drew up the Catholic Relief Bill and guided it through the House of Commons. To overcome the vehement opposition of both the House of Lords and King George IV, the Duke of Wellington worked tirelessly to ensure passage in the House of Lords, and threatened to resign as prime minister if the king did not give royal assent.[2]


Born On This Day

1828 – Josephine Butler, English feminist and social reformer (d. 1906)
Josephine Elizabeth Butler (née Grey; 13 April 1828 – 30 December 1906) was an English feminist and social reformer in the Victorian era. She campaigned for women’s suffrage, the right of women to better education, the end of coverture in British law, the abolition of child prostitution, and an end to human trafficking of young women and children into European prostitution.

Grey grew up in a well-to-do and politically connected progressive family which helped develop in her a strong social conscience and firmly held religious ideals. She married George Butler, an Anglican divine and schoolmaster, and the couple had four children, the last of whom, Eva, died falling from a banister. The death was a turning point for Butler, and she focused her feelings on helping others, starting with the inhabitants of a local workhouse. She began to campaign for women’s rights in British law. In 1869 she became involved in the campaign to repeal the Contagious Diseases Acts, legislation that attempted to control the spread of venereal diseases—particularly in the British Army and Royal Navy—through the forced medical examination of prostitutes, a process she described as surgical or steel rape. The campaign achieved its final success in 1886 with the repeal of the Acts. Butler also formed the International Abolitionist Federation, a Europe-wide organisation to combat similar systems on the continent.

While investigating the effect of the Acts, Butler had been appalled that some of the prostitutes were as young as 12, and that there was a slave trade of young women and children from England to the continent for the purpose of prostitution. A campaign to combat the trafficking led to the removal from office of the head of the Belgian Police des Mœurs, and the trial and imprisonment of his deputy and 12 brothel owners, who were all involved in the trade. Butler fought child prostitution with help from the campaigning editor of The Pall Mall Gazette, William Thomas Stead, who purchased a 13-year-old girl from her mother for £5. The subsequent outcry led to the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885 which raised the age of consent from 13 to 16 and brought in measures to stop children becoming prostitutes. Her final campaign was in the late-1890s, against the Contagious Diseases Acts which continued to be implemented in the British Raj.

Butler wrote more than 90 books and pamphlets over the course of her career, most of which were in support of her campaigning, although she also produced biographies of her father, her husband and Catherine of Siena. Butler’s Christian feminism is celebrated by the Church of England with a Lesser Festival, and by representations of her in the stained glass windows of Liverpool’s Anglican Cathedral and St Olave’s Church in the City of London. Her name appears on the Reformers Memorial in Kensal Green Cemetery, London, and Durham University named one of their colleges after her. Her campaign strategies changed the way feminist and suffragists conducted future struggles, and her work brought into the political milieu groups of people that had never been active before. After her death in 1906 the feminist leader Millicent Fawcett hailed her as “the most distinguished Englishwoman of the nineteenth century”.[1]




By Ayun Halliday, Open Culture: The Evolution of Dance from 1950 to 2019: A 7-Decade Joy Ride in 6 Minutes
By Josh Jones, Open Culture: Harvard’s Digital Giza Project Lets You Access the Largest Online Archive on the Egyptian Pyramids (Including a 3D Giza Tour)
Gastro Obscura: The sandwich scandal at the heart of the Masters; See what soldiers around the world eat in the field; The rare, hand-pulled cheese making a comeback in Georgia and more ->
Fireside Books presents Shelf Awareness for Readers for Tuesday, April 13, 2021
APD: Good gracious. It looks like Mother Nature has decided that spring should apply to Alaskans too. FINALLY.
Fairbanks author: Craig Martelle. Mr. Martelle writes a variety of books plus an entertaining blog of life Sub-Arctic!
The Passive Voice: From The Los Angeles Review of Books: Sarah Moss’s Anxiety Chronicles
The Passive Voice: Total Recall Technologies v. Luckey
ILSR’s Community Broadband Initiative: Recently in Community Networks… Week of 4/12
Rasmuson Foundation: Midtown treatment center will be a big step forward
Note: This opinion piece was first published in the Anchorage Daily News.
By Tiffany Hall
Recover Alaska


By Holly Fogus: The 2021 Alaska Native Artist Residency Program
The 2021 Alaska Native Artist Residency Program
by Holly Fogus on April 13th, 2021 in Sheldon Jackson Museum, Events, Museums | Comments

Collage of images from Sheldon Jackson MuseumThe Sheldon Jackson Museum is pleased to announce the selection of the Alaska Native artists for this year’s Alaska Native Artist Residency Program, a program funded by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) and the Friends of Sheldon Jackson Museum. Selected from a pool of applicants, these artists will come to the museum from all over the state to share their art forms and culture over the course of the next five months.




By Bookman14: Cabbage Condo


By In The Kitchen With Matt: Amazing Potato Salad
By cookwewill: Loaded Potato Casserole With Bacon, Sausages and Kielbasa.
By Betty Crocker Kitchens: Lemon + Chicken = The Most Dynamic Dinner Flavor Combo





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