On This Day
1831 – Four hundred Shawnee people agree to relinquish their lands in Ohio in exchange for land west of the Mississippi River in the Treaty of Wapakoneta.
The Treaty of Wapakoneta was signed on August 8, 1831. Remnants of the Shawnee Native American tribe in Wapakoneta were forced to relinquish claims that they had to land in western Ohio.
In exchange, the United States government agreed to provide the tribe with 100,000 acres (400 km²) of land west of the Mississippi River. The United States officials agreed to provide supplies and monetary payment and to construct a sawmill and a gristmill for the Shawnees on their newly allocated land. This agreement became known as the Treaty of Wapakoneta or the Treaty with the Shawnee.
The treaty, along with several other agreements between indigenous tribes and the United States government, marked the slow but gradual removal of native people to land west of the Mississippi River, a policy known as Indian removal.
Born On This Day
1896 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author and academic (d. 1953)
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (August 8, 1896 – December 14, 1953) was an American author who lived in rural Florida and wrote novels with rural themes and settings. Her best known work, The Yearling, about a boy who adopts an orphaned fawn, won a Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1939 and was later made into a movie of the same name. The book was written long before the concept of young adult fiction, but is now commonly included in teen-reading lists.
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