FYI February 12, 2022

On This Day

1593 – Japanese invasion of Korea: Approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders led by general Kwon Yul successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces in the Siege of Haengju.
The Japanese invasions of Korea of 1592–1598 or Imjin War involved two separate yet linked invasions: an initial invasion in 1592 (Imjin Disturbance), a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597 (Chongyu War). The conflict ended in 1598 with the withdrawal of Japanese forces[1][21] from the Korean Peninsula after a military stalemate[22] in Korea’s southern provinces.[23]

The invasions were launched by Toyotomi Hideyoshi with the intent of conquering the Korean Peninsula and China, which were respectively ruled by the Joseon and Ming dynasties. Japan quickly succeeded in occupying large portions of the Korean Peninsula, but the contribution of reinforcements by the Ming,[24][25][26] as well as the disruption of Japanese supply fleets along the western and southern coasts by the Joseon navy,[27][28][29][30] (commanded by Yi Sun-sin) forced a withdrawal of Japanese forces from Pyongyang and the northern provinces to the south in Busan and nearby regions. Afterwards, with righteous armies (Joseon civilian militias)[31] launching guerrilla warfare against the Japanese and supply difficulties hampering both sides, neither were able to mount a successful offensive or gain any additional territory, resulting in a military stalemate. The first phase of the invasion lasted from 1592 until 1596, and was followed by ultimately unsuccessful peace negotiations between Japan and the Ming between 1596 and 1597.

In 1597, Japan renewed its offensive by invading Korea a second time. The pattern of the second invasion largely mirrored that of the first. The Japanese had initial successes on land, capturing several cities and fortresses, only to be halted and forced to withdraw to the southern coastal regions of the peninsula. However, the pursuing Ming and Joseon forces were unable to dislodge the Japanese from their remaining fortresses and entrenched positions in the southern coastal areas,[32][33][34] where both sides again became locked in a ten-month long military stalemate.

With Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s death in 1598, limited progress on land, and continued disruption of supply lines by the Joseon navy, Japanese forces in Korea were ordered to withdraw back to Japan by the new governing Council of Five Elders. Final peace negotiations between the parties followed afterwards and continued for several years, ultimately resulting in the normalization of relations.[35]



Born On This Day

1861 – Lou Andreas-Salomé, Russian-German psychoanalyst and author (d. 1937)[20]
Lou Andreas-Salomé (born either Louise von Salomé or Luíza Gustavovna Salomé or Lioulia von Salomé, Russian: Луиза Густавовна Саломе; 12 February 1861 – 5 February 1937) was a Russian-born psychoanalyst and a well-traveled author, narrator, and essayist from a Russian-German family.[1] Her diverse intellectual interests led to friendships with a broad array of distinguished thinkers, including Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud, Paul Rée, and Rainer Maria Rilke.[2]




By Ernie Smith, Tedium: Heart of Mold Why we’re obsessed with heart-shaped foods around Valentine’s Day—especially the suddenly ubiquitous heart-shaped pizza.
Ernie Smith, Tedium: Punts, Pop, and Patriotism The strange cultural climate (and impressive high notes, thanks to Whitney Houston) around one of the most iconic moments in the history of the Super Bowl.
The Marginalian by Maria Popova: Midweek pick-me-up: Wintering, the wisdom of sadness, and how the science of trees illuminates the art of resilience and self-renewal in hard times
Atlas Obscura: Tracking the mysterious lions that once roamed Europe and more ->
By Open Culture: 60 Film Noir Movies Online
By Open Culture: Nietzsche’s 10 Rules for Writing with Style
By Bill Sherwonit, Anchorage Press: City Wilds: A brief look back at 40 years of writing in Alaska
By Keri Blakinger, The Marshall Project: The Rise and Fall of a Prison Town Queen A family feud over drugs, money and fried fish roils the heart of the Texas prison system.
By Ainissa Ramirez, MIT Press Reader: The $60,000 Telegram That Helped Lincoln End Slavery The president’s plan to abolish slavery hinged on winning a second term—and receiving a long, expensive telegram that almost didn’t make it.





NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day



By Erica Finamore, The Kitchn: This Brilliant Amazon Find Makes It So Much Easier to Clean Up Greasy Deep-Fry Messes


Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.
By Heather McClees, The Kitchn: I’m a Nutritionist and These Are the 7 Costco Snacks I’m Buying for Super Bowl This Year
By Sara Tane, The Kitchn: Tried Mayoneggs and They’re My New Favorite Scrambled Eggs
By Dai Poole, The Kitchn: This Super-Simple Spin on Homemade Rice Krispies Treats Is the Nostalgic Upgrade You Can Appreciate





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