FYI January 16, 2020

On This Day

1120 – The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
The Council of Nablus was a council of ecclesiastic and secular lords in the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, held on January 16, 1120.

The council was convened at Nablus by Warmund, Patriarch of Jerusalem, and King Baldwin II of Jerusalem. It established twenty-five canons dealing with both religious and secular affairs. It was not quite a church council, but not quite a meeting of the royal court; according to Hans Mayer, due to the religious nature of many of the canons, it can be considered both a parlement and an ecclesiastical synod. The resulting agreement between the patriarch and the king was a concordat, similar to the Concordat of Worms two years later.[1]

The council established the first written laws for the kingdom. It was probably also where Hugues de Payens obtained permission from King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and Warmund, Patriarch of Jerusalem to found the Knights Templar.[2] [3]

The council was not mentioned in the chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres, who served in the retinue of Baldwin II and must have been present. This is probably because the nature of the canons, dealing as they do with the crimes and sins of the Latin population, contradicted Fulcher’s portrayal of the Kingdom as a Christian utopia. William of Tyre, writing about sixty years later, included a detailed account of the proceedings, but neglected to record any of the canons themselves, which he felt were well-known and could be found in any local church; however, he also probably wanted to avoid the implication that the early Kingdom was not as heroic as his generation remembered it.[4]

Although the canons may have been well known in William’s time, only one copy, located in a church in Sidon, seemed to survive the Muslim reconquest of the Kingdom. This copy made its way to Europe where it was in the papal library at Avignon by 1330. It is now located in the Vatican Library, MS Vat. Lat. 1345.

A copy was edited in the Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio of Giovanni Domenico Mansi in the 18th century, and more recently a new edition has been published by Benjamin Z. Kedar in Speculum (Vol. 74, 1999). Kedar argues that the canons are largely derived from the Byzantine Ecloga, promulgated by Leo III and Constantine V in 741. Kedar believes that the canons were put into practise in the 12th century,[5] although Marwan Nader disagrees, since they were not included in the Livre des Assises de la Cour des Bourgeois and other Assizes of Jerusalem, which were written in the 13th century.[6]



Born On This Day

1634 – Dorothe Engelbretsdatter, Norwegian author and poet (d. 1716)
Dorothe Engelbretsdatter (16 January 1634 – 19 February 1716) was a Norwegian author. She principally wrote hymns and poems which were strongly religious. She has been characterized as Norway’s first recognized female author as well as Norway’s first feminist before feminism became a recognized concept.[1][2]




The Rural Blog: Study: 1 in 3 rural adults have trouble paying medical bills; Kentucky lawmakers still dubious about rural fiber-optic broadband project that hasn’t delivered on its promises; Researchers conclude that pain from working in coal mines, not layoffs (as some think), leads to opioid addiction and more ->
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: FROM THE ARCHIVE | How Do You Know That You Love Somebody? Philosopher Martha Nussbaum’s Incompleteness Theorem of the Heart’s Truth, from Plato to Proust
Fast Company Compass: The making of Mojo, AR contact lenses that give your eyes superpowers; At a growing number of coffee shops, getting a coffee to go means checking out a cup and more ->
Fast Company Compass: The perfect ergonomic keyboard is here
By Mark Wilson, Fast Company: The Untold Story of the Vegetable Peeler That Changed the World The origin story of one of the great icons of 20th-century industrial design.
James Clear: 3 ideas, 2 quotes, 1 question (January 16, 2020)

Open Culture: The Daily Routines of Famous Creative People, Presented in an Interactive Infographic; When People Gave Anti-Valentine’s Day Cards: Revisit the “Vinegar Valentines” That Spread Ridicule and Contempt and more ->
Today’s email was written by Annaliese Griffin, edited by Whet Moser, and produced by Tori Smith. Quartz Obsession: Pester power: Turning whines into dollar signs
By Lucas Reilly, Mental Floss: The Most Dangerous Job: The Murder of America’s First Bird Warden When the hunting of a profitable bird is outlawed, enforcing the law means dealing with armed and angry lawbreakers.





By Meglymoo87: Oreo Phone Case (made From COFFEE GROUNDS!)
By ctstarkdesigns: Let’s Make a Snow Fort! – Building a Quinzhee
By MagicManu: Making a Reading Bench for Children
Our Crafty Mom: 50 Of The Best Budget-Friendly DIY IKEA Hacks


Little House Big Alaska: Quick and Easy Kimchi Pancakes

By target022: Classic French Palmiers
By In the Kitchen With Matt: Classic Rice Krispies Treats
Food Network Kitchen: Keto Meatloaf
The Kitchn: 101 Easy Dinners That Start with Broth; The Traveling Couple That Lives in an RV Full-Time and Spends $150 per Week on Food; 15 Marinades That Make Boneless Chicken Breasts So Much Better and more ->