On This Day
1634 – The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France (now Quebec, Canada).
Trois-Rivières (French pronunciation: [tʁwɑ.ʁi.vjɛʁ], local pronunciation: [tʁwɔ.ʁi.vjaɛ̯ʁ] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in the Mauricie administrative region of Quebec, Canada, at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence rivers, on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River across from the city of Bécancour. It is part of the densely populated Quebec City–Windsor Corridor and is approximately halfway between Montreal and Quebec City. Trois-Rivières is the economic and cultural hub of the Mauricie region. The settlement was founded by French colonists on July 4, 1634, as the second permanent settlement in New France, after Quebec City in 1608.
The city’s name, which is French for three rivers, is named for the fact the Saint-Maurice River has three mouths at the Saint Lawrence River; it is divided by two islands in the river. Historically, in the English language this city was known as Three Rivers. Since the late 20th century, when there has been more recognition of Quebec and French speakers, and French was made an official language, the city is generally referred to as Trois-Rivières in both English and French. The anglicized name still appears in many areas of the town (e.g., the city’s Three Rivers Academy), bearing witness to the influence of English settlers in the town. The city’s inhabitants are known as Trifluviens (Trifluvians).
Trois-Rivières is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Trois-Rivières. Its geographical code is 371. Together with the regional county municipality of Les Chenaux, it forms the census division (CD) of Francheville (37). The municipalities within Les Chenaux and the former municipalities that were amalgamated into Trois-Rivières formerly constituted the regional county municipality of Francheville. Trois-Rivières is the seat of the judicial district of the same name. The Trois-Rivières metropolitan area also includes the city of Bécancour, which is situated on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River across the Laviolette Bridge.
Born On This Day
1898 – Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican-American historian and activist (d. 1997)
Dr. Pilar Barbosa de Rosario [note 1] (July 4, 1898 – January 22, 1997) was an educator, historian and political activist. She was the first female Official Historian of Puerto Rico.
Barbosa, born in Bayamón, Puerto Rico, was one of twelve children of Jose Celso Barbosa, also known as the “Father of the Puerto Rican Statehood Movement”. Her father was a member of the Puerto Rican Senate from 1917-1921. Barbosa received her primary and secondary education in Bayamon and was exposed to politics at a young age. As a teenager she enjoyed teaching others. After she graduated from high school, she enrolled in the University of Puerto Rico. She was married to José Ezequiel Rosario but lived many decades as a widow.
Educator and political activist
Barbosa earned her bachelor’s degree in Education and then went on to Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts where she earned her Doctorate Degree in History. In 1921, she returned to the island and was offered the position of history professor at the College of Liberal Arts of the University of Puerto Rico, thus becoming the first woman to teach in that institution.
In 1929, she established the Department of History and Social Sciences in her Alma Mater and was its director until 1943. She continued to teach at the university until 1967, the year she retired. Barbosa was also very active in her father’s cause and served as political advisor and mentor to many of the politicians who shared her fathers political goals, most notably those from the pro-statehood New Progressive Party, including former Resident Commissioner and Governor from 2009 to 2013 Luis Fortuño and former Senate of Puerto Rico President and 2009-2013 Puerto Rico Secretary of State Kenneth McClintock. Her goal for the party was that it become known as the party of statehood and social justice.
Awards and recognitions
Among the many awards and recognitions bestowed upon her are the following:
Professor Emerita – University of Puerto Rico – 1973
Doctor of Letters, Honoris Causa – Interamerican University – 1975
Outstanding Leadership Award – President Ronald W. Reagan – 1984
Golden Book – Exchange Club of Rio Piedras
Barbosa was also a member of various organizations, including The Royal Spanish Academy of History, Dean of Puerto Rican Historians and The Academy of Arts and Sciences in Puerto Rico. In 1993, she was named by the Legislative Assembly to the position of Official Historian of Puerto Rico which was re-established that year.
Among the books written by Barbosa are the following:
De Baldorioty a Barbosa: La Comision Autonomista de 1896 (From Baldorioty to Barbosa: The Autonomist Commission of 1896)
La Politica en los tiempos (Aleto Manuel F. Rossy ciudadano cabal) (Politics in the times (Aleto Manuel F. Rossy, a well-rounded citizen))
Raices del Progreso Politico Puertorriqueño (Roots of the Puerto Rican Political Progress)
Barbosa became a widow when her husband, economics professor José Ezequiel Rosario, died in 1963.
Puerto Rico Senate President Roberto Rexach Benitez and House Speaker Zaida Hernandez appointed Barbosa in 1993 as the first modern Official Historian of Puerto Rico, a post she held unter her death in 1997.
Pilar Barbosa de Rosario died on January 22, 1997 in San Juan, Puerto Rico at the age of 98 and was survived by a brother, Rafael Barbosa.
On July 27, 1997, the Senate of Puerto Rico approved law #53, authored by Sen. Kenneth McClintock, a Barbosa protégé, which created “Pilar Barbosa Education Internship Program”. The program was created as a means to provide professional development training opportunities for public school practitioners and educators in Puerto Rico. The Pilar Barbosa Program serves as a catalyst for long term educational realignment using the graduates as agents of sustainable reform in the public school system.
Program participants are K-12 public school teachers and administrators from Puerto Rico. Every summer, 25 participants come to Washington, D.C. to take part in a myriad of activities including workshops, tours, lectures and group assignments that focus on U.S. education trends and policies in the context of Puerto Rico, integration of technology in the curriculum, innovative curriculum design, and educational leadership. The Washington Center for Internships and Academic Seminars successfully administered the Pilar Barbosa Education Internship Program in the summers of 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009. The Washington Center provides an integrated academic and work experience to prepare participants for lives of leadership, professional achievement, and civic engagement. Nearly 298 teachers have already benefited from the program.
List of Puerto Ricans
History of women in Puerto Rico
By Barnini Chakraborty | Fox News: Eva Kor, Holocaust survivor, dies peacefully at age 85
Eva Mozes Kor (January 30, 1934 – July 4, 2019) was a Romanian Holocaust survivor. Along with her twin sister Miriam, Kor was subjected to human experimentation under Josef Mengele at the Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II. She lost both of her parents and two older sisters to the Holocaust; only she and Miriam survived. Kor founded the organization CANDLES (an acronym for “Children of Auschwitz Nazi Deadly Lab Experiments Survivors”) in 1984. Through the program, she located 122 other survivors of Mengele.
In 1984, Kor founded CANDLES Holocaust Museum and Education Center to educate the public about eugenics, the Holocaust, and the power of forgiveness. Kor received international attention when she publicly forgave the Nazis for what had been done to her. This story was later explored in the documentary Forgiving Dr. Mengele. She authored or co-authored 6 books, and took part in numerous memorial services and projects.
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