FYI July 14, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

 
 
1798 – The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
The Alien and Sedition Acts were four bills passed by the Federalist-dominated 5th United States Congress and signed into law by President John Adams in 1798.[1] They made it harder for an immigrant to become a citizen (Naturalization Act), allowed the president to imprison and deport non-citizens who were deemed dangerous (Alien Friends Act of 1798)[2] or who were from a hostile nation (Alien Enemy Act of 1798),[3] and criminalized making false statements that were critical of the federal government (Sedition Act of 1798).[4][dead link]

The Federalists argued that the bills strengthened national security during an undeclared naval war with France (1798–1800). Critics argued that they were primarily an attempt to suppress voters who disagreed with the Federalist party and its teachings, and violated the right of freedom of speech in the First Amendment.[5] Three of the acts were repealed after the Democratic-Republican party of Thomas Jefferson came to power. But the Alien Enemies Act remained in effect, was revised and codified in 1918 for use in World War I. It was used by the government to identify and imprison dangerous enemy aliens from Germany, Japan, and Italy in World War II. (This was separate from the Japanese internment camps used to remove people of Japanese descent from the West Coast.) After the war they were deported to their home countries. In 1948 the Supreme Court determined that presidential powers under the acts continued after cessation of hostilities until there was a peace treaty with the hostile nation. The revised Alien Enemies Act remains in effect today.

The Naturalization Act increased the residency requirement for American citizenship from five to fourteen years. At the time, the majority of immigrants supported Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans, the political opponents of the Federalists.[1] The Alien Friends Act allowed the president to imprison or deport aliens considered “dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States” at any time, while the Alien Enemies Act authorized the president to do the same to any male citizen of a hostile nation above the age of fourteen during times of war. Lastly, the controversial Sedition Act restricted speech that was critical of the federal government. Under the Sedition Act, the Federalists allowed people who were accused of violating the sedition laws to use truth as a defense.[6] The Sedition Act resulted in the prosecution and conviction of many Jeffersonian newspaper owners who disagreed with the government.[6]

The acts were denounced by Democratic-Republicans and ultimately helped them to victory in the 1800 election, when Thomas Jefferson defeated the incumbent, President Adams. The Sedition Act and the Alien Friends Act were allowed to expire in 1800 and 1801, respectively. The Alien Enemies Act, however, remains in effect as Chapter 3; Sections 21–24 of Title 50 of the United States Code.[7]

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Born On This Day

 
 
1866 – Juliette Wytsman, Belgian painter (d. 1925)
Juliette Wytsman (née Trullemans; 14 July 1866 – 8 March 1925) was a Belgian impressionist painter. She was married to painter Rodolphe Wytsman. Her paintings are in the collections of several museums in Belgium.

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FYI

 
 

By Julia Muncy: George Jenson, Production Illustrator for Return of the Jedi and Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Has Died
 
 
 
 


 

Just A Car Guy: The Z/28 on Mosteller’s Garage in Chattanooga was a warning for 34 years to the local teens to not street race.

(The car was buried in 2012, 34 years after the accident.)

 
 
 
 
Just A Car Guy:
all the power in the world won’t matter if you can’t drive for shit. Here’s one 1100 hp example why you should avoid racing idiots, on narrow roads

 
 
 
 
By Olivia Riggio: Mental Illness Serves as Easy Scapegoat in Mass Murder Accounts
 
 
 
 
By Ted Mills: Watch “The Hangman,” a Classic Animated Film That Explores What Happens When No One Dares to Stand Up to Evil
 

 
 
 
 
By Nancy Baym: Book Excerpt: How Music Fans Built the Internet
There weren’t a lot of people online in the early 1990s. Mark Kelly, keyboard player for the English band Marillion, early internet adopter and self-titled “co-inventor of crowdfunding,” was an exception.
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 

Diy29970102 Hometalker: Multifunctional Coat Rack From an Old Window.
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

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Recipes

 
 
By Elizabeth Passarella Recipe: Squash and Onions with Brown Sugar


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