FYI June 03, 2020

On This Day

1326 – The Treaty of Novgorod delineates borders between Russia and Norway in Finnmark.
Treaty of Novgorod, signed on 3 June 1326 in Novgorod, marked the end of decades of the Norwegian-Novgorodian border skirmishes in the far-northern region called Finnmark. The terms were an armistice for 40 years. A few years earlier in 1323, Republic of Novgorod had settled its conflict with Sweden in the Treaty of Nöteborg.

The treaty did not delineate the border but rather stipulated which part of the Sami people would pay tribute to Norway and which to Novgorod, creating a kind of buffer zone in between the countries. The treaty remained in effect until the 19th century and was never abrogated by any of the powers. It eventually led into a situation where Sami people were freely exploited, some of them forced to pay taxes to all surrounding powers at the same time, including to the Birkarls from Swedish Finland.[1]


Born On This Day

1900 – Adelaide Ames, American astronomer and academic (d. 1932) [6]
Adelaide Ames (June 3, 1900 – June 26, 1932)[1] was an American astronomer and research assistant at Harvard University. She contributed to the study of galaxies with her co-authorship of A Survey of the External Galaxies Brighter Than the Thirteenth Magnitude, which was later known as the Shapley-Ames catalog.[2] Ames was a member of the American Astronomical Society. She was a contemporary of Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin and her closest friend at the observatory.[3]

Ames died in a boating accident in 1932, the same year the Shapley-Ames catalog was published.[4] She was interred at the Arlington National Cemetery.[5]




By Amy Carney, Alaska State Museum: New Online Exhibit on Women’s Suffrage to Launch on First Friday (6/5)