FYI March 06, 2018


 
 

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On This Day

1869 – Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
The periodic table is a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties, whose adopted structure shows periodic trends. Generally, within one row (period) the elements are metals on the left, and non-metals on the right, with the elements having similar chemical behaviours being placed in the same column. Table rows are commonly called periods and columns are called groups. Six groups have accepted names as well as assigned numbers: for example, group 17 elements are halogens; and group 18 are noble gases. Also displayed are four simple rectangular areas or blocks associated with some approximately similar chemical properties.

Importantly, the organization of the periodic table can be utilized to derive relationships between various element properties, but also predicted chemical properties and behaviours of undiscovered or newly synthesized elements. Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev was first to publish a recognizable periodic table in 1869, developed mainly to illustrate periodic trends of the then-known elements. He also predicted some properties of unidentified elements that were expected to fill gaps within this table. Most of his forecasts proved to be correct. Mendeleev’s idea has been slowly expanded and refined with the discovery or synthesis of further new elements and by developing new theoretical models to explain chemical behaviour. The modern periodic table now provides a useful framework for analyzing chemical reactions, and continues to be widely adopted in chemistry, nuclear physics and other sciences.

All elements ranging from atomic numbers 1 (hydrogen) to 118 (oganesson) have been either discovered or synthesized. Most of the recent elements, including nihonium, moscovium, tennessine, and oganesson, were confirmed by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) in 2015 and officially named in 2016, and now complete the first seven rows of the periodic table.[1][2] The first 94 elements exist naturally, although some are found only in trace amounts and were synthesized in laboratories before being found in nature.[n 1] Atomic numbers for elements 95 to 118 have only been synthesized in laboratories or nuclear reactors.[3] Synthesis of elements having higher atomic numbers are still being pursued. Numerous synthetic radionuclides of naturally occurring elements have also been produced in laboratories

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Born On This Day

1910 – Ella Logan, Scottish-American singer and actress (d. 1969)
Ella Logan (6 March 1910 – 1 May 1969) was a Scottish-American actress and singer who appeared on Broadway, recorded and had a nightclub career in the United States and internationally.

Early years
She was born as Georgina Allan in Glasgow in 1910 (although she later shaved three years off her age.[1]), where she was raised. She began performing under the name Ella Allan as a child.[2]

Career
She went on to become a band singer in music halls. Aged 20, she made her debut in 1930 in the West End of London in Darling! I Love You. She toured Europe in the early 1930s. Logan eventually emigrated to the U.S. and began to sing at various clubs and to record jazz on the British Columbia label (part of EMI).[citation needed]

She then appeared in several Hollywood films, including Flying Hostess (1936), 52nd Street (1937) and The Goldwyn Follies (1938). She appeared in several Broadway shows in the 1930s and early 1940s, but traveled to Europe and then Africa during World War II to entertain the troops. She also appeared on The Ed Wynn Show and The Colgate Comedy Hour in the 1940s and 1950s.

Logan returned to Broadway in 1947 starring as Sharon McLonergan in the original production of Finian’s Rainbow, singing the show’s most famous song, “How Are Things in Glocca Morra?”, among others. The production ran for 725 performances. She did not return to Broadway after that. In 1954, she was cast in a proposed animated film adaptation of Finian’s Rainbow and re-recorded the score with Frank Sinatra. But the film was canceled, and the recordings were not released until the 2002 box set Sinatra in Hollywood 1940-1964.

The original cast album was released in 1948, and was Capitol Records’ first Original Cast album. She recorded the show’s songs for a second time in 1954 for the LP Ella Logan Sings Favorites from Finian’s Rainbow, accompanied by pianist George Greeley. It was released by Capitol Records in 1955, (H-561 in the US, and L-561 in Australia).[3] This was the second of her two solo albums.

In the 1950s, she became an international nightclub performer, appearing at such venues as the Copacabana and the Waldorf-Astoria in New York as well as in London and Paris.[citation needed] She appeared on television in May 1956, in London with Louis Armstrong and His All-Stars. In 1965 she was part of the cast of the infamous Broadway flop, Kelly, until her role was cut during out of town tryouts. She continued to work occasionally in clubs, on television, and in theatrical stock productions, into the 1960s.[4]

Family
Her first husband was Charles John Lepsch. She married, secondly, to Fred Finklehoffe, a playwright and producer, from 1942 until the marriage dissolved in either 1954[2] or 1956.[citation needed] She had no children by either marriage. Her niece is the actress/chanteuse Annie Ross and her nephew was Jimmy Logan, a Scottish actor.[5]

Death
Ella Logan died of cancer in Burlingame, California, aged 59.
 
 
 
 

FYI

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By Heather Chapman: Reporting package on rape in Okla. up for Scripps Howard award for community journalism; announcement today
Tulsa-based digital newspaper The Frontier is in the running for a Scripps Howard Award for its five-part series “Shadow Land: How rape stays hidden in Oklahoma.”

The Frontier’s year-long investigation uncovered “a war within a war that requires some victims to fight for their own justice while government and private agencies fight for money, personnel and proven training methods to assist victims,” Mary Hargrove and Kassie McClung report. “Victims can fall prey to overworked nurses, police and prosecutors in rural counties who do not have the time, training or manpower to thoroughly investigate. And their cases die.”

Oklahoma’s shortcomings are reflected in most states, and so are the possible solutions, Hargrove and McClung report.

The other two finalists in the Community Journalism category are “Home Sick” by the Capital News Service of the University of Maryland and “Addicted at Birth” by the Bristol Herald Courier in Bristol, Va., noted on The Rural Blog yesterday. All the award winners will be announced at 2 p.m. today.
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: New Report from OCLC Research: “An Exploration of the Irish Presence in the Published Record”
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: IMLS Names 29 Finalists for National Medal for Museum and Library Service
 
 
 
 

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Recipes

By VespressoCooking: Cloud Bread (Gluten-Free & Low Carb)

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