FYI March 09, 2018


Widget not in any sidebars


On This Day

1925 – Pink’s War: The first Royal Air Force operation conducted independently of the British Army or Royal Navy begins.

Pink’s War was an air-to-ground bombardment and strafing campaign carried out by the Royal Air Force, under the command of Wing Commander Richard Pink, against the mountain strongholds of Mahsud tribesmen in South Waziristan in March and April 1925.[2]

The defence of the North-West Frontier Province was an important task for British India. In the 1920s, the British were engaged in a continuing effort to pacify militant tribesmen in the province. In July 1924 the British mounted operations against several of the Mahsud tribes in southern Waziristan and by October they had mostly been subdued. Only the Abdur Rahman Khel tribe and three other supporting tribes continued to attack British Indian Army posts.[3]

The fledgling RAF was keen to establish its military credentials and the air officer commanding in India, Sir Edward Ellington, made the unprecedented decision to conduct air operations against the tribesmen without the support of the army.[3]

Bristol Fighters and de Havilland DH.9As from No. 5, 27 and 60 squadrons were deployed to the airstrips at Miranshah and Tank.[3] Operations commenced on 9 March 1925,[4] and the RAF squadrons strafed tribal mountain strongholds in a successful attempt to crush the rebellion.[2]

On 1 May 1925, the tribal leaders sought an honourable peace, bringing the short campaign to a close.[2] Only two British lives and one aircraft were lost during the campaign.[2][3] Pink’s War was the first air action of the RAF carried out independent of the army or navy.[2]

After the campaign was over, the India General Service Medal with the Waziristan 1925 bar was awarded to the 46 officers and 214 men of the Royal Air Force who took part in Pink’s War. It was by far the rarest bar given with an India General Service Medal and was only awarded after the then Chief of the Air Staff Sir John Salmond succeeded in overturning the War Office decision not to grant a medal for the campaign.[5] The campaign’s commander, Wing Commander Pink, received speedy promotion to group captain “in recognition of his services in the field of Waziristan”.[1][6][7] For distinguished service during Pink’s War, Squadron Leader Arthur John Capel was awarded the Distinguished Service Order, the Distinguished Flying Cross was awarded to flight lieutenants John Baker and William Cumming, and Flying Officer Reginald Pyne, and the Distinguished Flying Medal was given to sergeant pilots George Campbell and Ralph Hawkins, Sergeant Arthur Rutherford, Corporal Reginald Robins, and Leading Aircraftman Alfred Walmsley.[8] A further 14 men were mentioned in despatches, including flying officers Edward Dashwood and Noel Hayter-Hames, who both lost their lives in the campaign.[8]


Born On This Day

1814 – Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet and playwright (d. 1861)
Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko[6] (March 9 [O.S. February 25] 1814 – March 10 [O.S. February 26] 1861) was a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer. His literary heritage is regarded to be the foundation of modern Ukrainian literature and, to a large extent, the modern Ukrainian language. Shevchenko is also known for many masterpieces as a painter and an illustrator.[7]

He was a member of the Sts Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood and an academician of the Imperial Academy of Arts. In 1847 Shevchenko was politically convicted for writing in the Ukrainian language, promoting the independence of Ukraine and ridiculing the members of the Russian Imperial House.[8]




The puppy does not appear to have been seriously harmed.
By Rhett Jones: Amazon Delivery Driver Reportedly Fired for Squashing Puppy With Package
By Kerry Wolfe: Þrídrangaviti Lighthouse
By Heather Chapman: Almost 100,000 public comments supporting sage grouse conservation appear to be missing from federal report
The Mission: The 101 Best Podcasts for 2018 Discover the Best Podcasts in the World
BY Stacy Conradt: Meet Civil Rights Pioneer Viola Desmond, the New Face on the Canadian $10 Bill
By Gary Price: International Women’s Day: A Selection of New/Updated Data-Rich Reports Re: Women and Gender Issues
By messynessy: Alone with Her Bike, the First Females to Ride Around the World
By messynessy: The Forgotten Brazilian Aviator That Came Before the Wright Brothers
By Mary Frances Knapp: She Ruled Paris From Her Bed


By Kerry Hometalker Holly Sprigs NC: Raised Bed and Trellis



Widget not in any sidebars





By Gastro Obscura: In the 1970s, housewives stabbed their cakes and filled the holes with Jell-O.

Widget not in any sidebars


Widget not in any sidebars


Widget not in any sidebars