FYI May 09, 2019

On This Day

1386 – England and Portugal formally ratify their alliance with the signing of the Treaty of Windsor, making it the oldest diplomatic alliance in the world which is still in force.
The Treaty of Windsor is the diplomatic alliance signed between Portugal and England on 9 May 1386 at Windsor and sealed by the marriage of King John I of Portugal (House of Aviz) to Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster.[1] With the victory at the Battle of Aljubarrota, assisted by English archers, John I was recognized as the undisputed King of Portugal, putting an end to the interregnum of the 1383–1385 Crisis.[1] The Treaty of Windsor established a pact of mutual support between the countries.[1]

This document is preserved at the Portuguese National Archives.[2]

Historian Matthew Winslett says, “This treaty has been the cornerstone of both nations’ relations with each other ever since.”[3]


Born On This Day

1746 – Gaspard Monge, French mathematician and engineer (d. 1818)[3]
Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse (9 May 1746[2] – 28 July 1818[3]) was a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry[4] (the mathematical basis of technical drawing), and the father of differential geometry.[5] During the French Revolution he served as the Minister of the Marine, and was involved in the reform of the French educational system, helping to found the École Polytechnique.



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