On This Day
1096 – Count Emicho enters Mainz, where his followers massacre Jewish citizens. At least 600 Jews are killed.
The Rhineland massacres, also known as the persecutions of 1096 or Gzerot Tatnó (Hebrew: גזרות תתנ”ו, Hebrew for “Edicts of 4856”), were a series of mass murders of Jews perpetrated by mobs of German Christians of the People’s Crusade in the year 1096, or 4856 according to the Jewish calendar. The massacre is seen as the first in a sequence of antisemitic events in Europe which culminated in the Holocaust.
Prominent leaders of crusaders involved in the massacres included Peter the Hermit and especially Count Emicho. As part of this persecution, the destruction of Jewish communities in Speyer, Worms and Mainz was noted as the “Hurban Shum” (Destruction of Shum). These were new persecutions of the Jews in which peasant crusaders from France and Germany attacked Jewish communities. A number of historians refer to the violence as “pogroms”.
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Born On This Day
1818 – Amelia Bloomer, American journalist and activist (d. 1894)
Amelia Jenks Bloomer (May 27, 1818 – December 30, 1894) was an American women’s rights and temperance advocate. Even though she did not create the women’s clothing reform style known as bloomers, her name became associated with it because of her early and strong advocacy. In her work with The Lily, she became the first woman to own, operate and edit a newspaper for women.
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Starrigavan Sit
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Morning Walk, Evening Light on the Mountains
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Morning Visit to Starrigavan
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Heavy Haze
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Blue Lake Road and Starrigavan Bear
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Excitement at the Beach
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Northern Pygmy-Owl at Thimbleberry Lake
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Evening Outing
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Rough Water
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Rainy Day Loon
By Ayun Halliday, Open Culture: Who Decides What Words Get Into the Dictionary?
By Colin Marshall, Open Culture: How the Survivors of Pompeii Escaped Mount Vesuvius’ Deadly Eruption: A TED-Ed Animation Tells the Story
By Colin Marshall, Open Culture: Real D-Day Landing Footage, Enhanced & Colorized with Artificial Intelligence (June 6, 1944)
The Passive Voice, From Writers Digest: Three Crucial Changes to the Book Publishing Industry
The Passive Voice, From Publishers Weekly: Dohle and Grant ‘Rethink’ the Book Business
Karma Tube: Asha Gond at the Skating World Championships in Nanjing
Book Blogs & Websites:
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