On This Day
1635 – Thirty Years’ War: The Peace of Prague is signed.
The Peace of Prague was a peace treaty signed on 30 May 1635 by the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II and Elector John George I of Saxony representing most of the Protestant Estates of the Holy Roman Empire. It effectively brought to an end the civil war aspect of the Thirty Years’ War; however, the combat actions still carried on due to the continued intervention on German soil by Spain, Sweden, and, from mid-1635, France, until the Peace of Westphalia was concluded in 1648.
1669 – Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.
Samuel Pepys FRS (/piːps/ PEEPS; 23 February 1633 – 26 May 1703) was an administrator of the navy of England and Member of Parliament who is most famous for the diary he kept for a decade while still a relatively young man. Pepys had no maritime experience, but he rose to be the Chief Secretary to the Admiralty under both King Charles II and King James II through patronage, hard work, and his talent for administration. His influence and reforms at the Admiralty were important in the early professionalisation of the Royal Navy.
The detailed private diary that Pepys kept from 1660 until 1669 was first published in the 19th century and is one of the most important primary sources for the English Restoration period. It provides a combination of personal revelation and eyewitness accounts of great events, such as the Great Plague of London, the Second Dutch War, and the Great Fire of London.
Born On This Day
1869 – Grace Andrews, American mathematician (d. 1951)
Grace Andrews (May 30, 1869 – July 27, 1951) was an American mathematician.
Andrews obtained her undergraduate degree from Wellesley College in 1890. She received an A.M. from Columbia University in 1899 and a Ph.D. in 1901. She, along with Charlotte Angas Scott, was one of only two women listed in the first edition of American Men of Science, which appeared in 1906.
She worked as an Assistant Professor of Mathematics for Barnard College from 1900 to 1902. She then served as accountant to the Treasurer for Wesleyan University from 1903 to 1926.
1827 – Kusumoto Ine, first Japanese female doctor of Western medicine (d. 1903)
Kusumoto Ine (楠本 イネ, 31 May 1827 – 27 August 1903; born Shiimoto Ine 失本 稲) was a Japanese physician. She was the daughter of Kusumoto Taki, who was a courtesan from Nagasaki; and the German physician Philipp Franz von Siebold, who worked on Dejima, an island foreigners were restricted to during Japan’s long period of seclusion from the world. Ine was also known as O-Ine and later in life took the name Itoku (伊篤). In Japanese she is often called Oranda O-Ine (“Dutch O-Ine”) for her association with Dejima and its Dutch-language Western learning. She was the first female doctor of Western medicine in Japan.
Siebold was banished from Japan in 1829 but managed to provide for Ine and her mother and arranged for his students and associates to care for them. Ine’s reputation grew after she became a doctor of Western medicine, and she won the patronage of the feudal lord Date Munenari. She studied in various parts of Japan under numerous teachers, one of whom impregnated her—likely having raped her—resulting in her only daughter; she never married. She settled in Tokyo after the country ended its seclusion, and assisted in the birth by one of Emperor Meiji’s concubines in 1873. Since her death Ine has been the subject of novels, plays, comics, and musicals in Japan.
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Leon Redbone (born Dickran Gobalian, 1949 – May 30, 2019) was a singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor and voice actor specializing in jazz, blues, and Tin Pan Alley classics. Recognized by his Panama hat, dark sunglasses, and black tie, Redbone was born in Cyprus of Armenian ancestry, and first appeared on stage in Toronto, Canada in the early 1970s. He also appeared on film and television in acting and voice-over roles.
Redbone’s concerts made use of performance, comedy, and skilled instrumentals. Recurrent gags involved the influence of alcohol and claiming to have written works originating well before he was born – Redbone favored material from the Tin Pan Alley era, circa 1890s to 1910. He sang the theme to the 1980s television series Mr. Belvedere and released sixteen albums.
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