FYI November 18, 2021

On This Day

1883 – American and Canadian railroads institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.
A time zone is an area that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial and social purposes. Time zones tend to follow the boundaries between countries and their subdivisions instead of strictly following longitude, because it is convenient for areas in frequent communication to keep the same time.

All time zones are defined as offsets from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), ranging from UTC−12:00 to UTC+14:00. The offsets are usually a whole number of hours, but a few zones are offset by an additional 30 or 45 minutes, such as in India and Nepal.

Some areas of higher latitude use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adding one hour to local time during spring and summer.



Born On This Day

1810 – Asa Gray, American botanist and academic (d. 1888)
Asa Gray ForMemRS (November 18, 1810 – January 30, 1888) is considered the most important American botanist of the 19th century.[1][2] His Darwiniana was considered an important explanation of how religion and science were not necessarily mutually exclusive. Gray was adamant that a genetic connection must exist between all members of a species. He was also strongly opposed to the ideas of hybridization within one generation and special creation in the sense of its not allowing for evolution. He was a strong supporter of Darwin, although Gray’s theistic evolution was guided by a Creator.

As a professor of botany at Harvard University for several decades, Gray regularly visited, and corresponded with, many of the leading natural scientists of the era, including Charles Darwin, who held great regard for him. Gray made several trips to Europe to collaborate with leading European scientists of the era, as well as trips to the southern and western United States. He also built an extensive network of specimen collectors.

A prolific writer, he was instrumental in unifying the taxonomic knowledge of the plants of North America. Of Gray’s many works on botany, the most popular was his Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States, from New England to Wisconsin and South to Ohio and Pennsylvania Inclusive, known today simply as Gray’s Manual. Gray was the sole author of the first five editions of the book and co-author of the sixth, with botanical illustrations by Isaac Sprague.[3] Further editions have been published, and it remains a standard in the field. Gray also worked extensively on a phenomenon that is now called the “Asa Gray disjunction”, namely, the surprising morphological similarities between many eastern Asian and eastern North American plants. Several structures, geographic features, and plants have been named after Gray.

In 1848, Gray was elected as a member to the American Philosophical Society.[4]




National Science Foundation: Black spruce trees struggle to regenerate amid more frequent Arctic fires
Winners of the 2021 National Books Awards Announced
By Jo-Ann Roberts: New Foods of the 19th Century – Part Two (1867-1900)
VPNGuru: Online Safety for Women and Girls: A Guide to Combating Online Harassment
Atlas Obscura: How a secret medieval code was solved; The History of Persimmon Beer and more ->
By James Clear: 3-2-1: On lucky events, saying thank you, and the value of ignoring some problems
Webneel Daily Inspiration: weaverbird nest bird photography by ameya marathe
Firebombing is incredibly dangerous when one can see, has daylight. How could someone believe that low to no visibility would be a good idea?
Kathryn’s Report: Air Tractor AT-802F Fire Boss, N802NZ: Fatal accident occurred November 16, 2021 in Estes Park, Larimer County, Colorado
Kathryn’s Report: ‘We’ve gone past the old cowboy days’: Ag pilots explain industrywide norms for aerial applications
By Kristin Hunt, Mental Floss: Dorothy Thompson, the Journalist Who Warned the World About Adolf Hitler After this crusading reporter was kicked out of Germany, she continued her anti-Nazi coverage at home.
By Christina Gish Hill, The Conversation: Returning the ‘Three Sisters’—Corn, Beans and Squash—to Native American Farms Nourishes People, Land and Cultures For centuries Native Americans intercropped corn, beans and squash because the plants thrived together. A new initiative is measuring health and social benefits from reuniting the “three sisters.”
By Richard Grant, Smithsonian Magazine: How Memphis Created the Nation’s Most Innovative Public Library You can play the ukulele, learn photography or record a song in a top-flight studio. You can also check out a book

Wiki: Flanders and Swann


Instructables: Unusual Uses Contest!
By Ductape667: Tygra’s Bolo-Whip With Paracord in 16 Plait
By Gammawave: Orbital Sound
By mikeus: Starry Night Cold Process Soap
By eliscety: Mad Hatter’s Tea Party on a Tea Box


I Wash You Dry: Cranberry Banana Bread Recipe
Food Network: Edible Thanksgiving Projects for Kids
By Molly Allen, Taste of Home: We Tried Dolly Parton’s 5-Layer Casserole, and Now We’re Making It on Repeat
By Genius Recipes, Food 52: Maialino’s Olive Oil Cake
Little House Big Alaska: Dark Chocolate Homemade Truffles




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Stump the Bookseller is a service offered by Loganberry Books to reconnect people to the books they love but can’t quite remember. In brief (for more detailed information see our About page), people can post their memories here, and the hivemind goes to work. After all, the collective mind of bibliophiles, readers, parents and librarians around the world is much better than just a few of us thinking. Together with these wonderful Stumper Magicians, we have a nearly 50% success rate in finding these long lost but treasured books. The more concrete the book description, the better the success rate, of course. It is a labor of love to keep it going, and there is a modest fee. Please see the How To page to find price information and details on how to submit your Book Stumper and payment.

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