FYI November 20, 2021

On This Day

1441 – The Peace of Cremona ends the war between the Republic of Venice and the Duchy of Milan, after the victorious Venetian enterprise of military engineering of the Galeas per montes.[3]
The Peace of Cremona was concluded on 20 November 1441 between the Republic of Venice and the Duchy of Milan, ending the long conflict between the two powers over mastery in northern Italy.

Through the mediation of Francesco Sforza, an armistice was concluded on 6 August, and negotiations began in late September at the field of Cavriana near Cremona, chosen as neutral ground.[1] Sforza secured for himself the lordship of Cremona and the hand of Bianca Maria Visconti, the daughter of the Duke of Milan, Filippo Maria Visconti[1]—and thus, since the Duke had no other heir, his own ultimate succession to the ducal throne.[2]

By the terms of the treaty, Venice was able to keep the Adda River as the boundary between its mainland possessions and the Duchy of Milan.[1] Venice also gained Riva di Lago from Milan,[1] as well as Lonato, Valeggio sul Mincio, Asola, and Peschiera del Garda from the Marquis of Mantua, who also handed over the Venetian cities he had captured during the course of the war.[1] Venetian possession of Ravenna was also recognized.[3] Milan also returned Imola and Bologna to the Papal States, and restored independence to the Republic of Genoa.[1]

Born On This Day

1801 – Mungo Ponton, Scottish inventor (d. 1880)
Mungo Ponton FRS FRSE (20 November 1801 – 3 August 1880) was a Scottish inventor who in 1839 created a method of permanent photography based on potassium dichromate.

Life and family
Ponton was born in the Balgreen district of west Edinburgh, the son of John Ponton, a farmer. He was named after the explorer Mungo Park, then a new Scottish hero.

In 1815 he was apprenticed as a lawyer to James Balfour WS (of Pilrig House), working at chambers at 17 Broughton Street in the eastern New Town of Edinburgh.[1] He finished his apprenticeship at GL Finlay WS at 18 Queen Street.[2] He was created a Writer to the Signet on 8 December 1825. He then went into partnership with AW Goldie to create Goldie & Ponton WS based at 58 India Street in the western New Town.[3]

He married Helen Scott Campbell on 24 June 1830 and together they had seven children. In the 1830s Ponton was listed as living at 30 Melville Street, a large new terraced townhouse in Edinburgh’s west end, presumably the family’s home.[4] From 1838 he became the Resident Law Officer and Secretary to the National Bank of Scotland at 42 St Andrew Square.

His first wife died on 7 August 1842 and on 7 November 1843 he married his second wife, Margaret Ponton (possibly related), with whom he had a son. They continued to live at 30 Melville Street.[5]

Ponton suffered a breakdown around 1845 and moved to Bristol, England for its milder climate. He married his third wife, Jean McLean, on 1 August 1871.

Ponton died at his home in Clifton, Bristol on 3 August 1880.[6]




By Chuck Berray, Eye On Alaska: Oh what a night. The Beaver Moon eclipse. November 19, 2021 We got lucky last night for viewing the almost-full lunar eclipse. It was clear and cold, -4ºf. I shot this composite starting at 9pm AST and final shot at 2am. It was worth it.
By Ernie Smith, Tedium: Pushing Photos Through Wires The technology used to distribute photos through news wire services inspired a whole bunch of innovations with use cases beyond newspapers. Like television.
By Thomas Fuller, The New York Times: Underdog No More, a Deaf Football Team Takes California by Storm The California School for the Deaf, Riverside, is steamrolling its opponents, electrifying a campus that has seen more than a few athletic defeats.
The New York Times, Books Update: A Nation’s Legacy
The Passive Voice, From Writers Digest: The Supply Chain Grinch
The Passive Voice, From The Wall Street Journal: When Women Ruled the World
The Passive Voice, From Book Riot: Censorship Has Been Alive Forever. It’s at Fever Pitch Today.
By Ted Mills, Open Culture: How German Expressionism Gave Rise to the “Dutch” Angle, the Camera Shot That Defined Classic Films by Welles, Hitchcock, Tarantino & More
By Colin Marshall, Open Culture: Cornel West Teaches You How to Think Like a Philosopher
By Josh Jones, Open Culture: 8 Hours of David Bowie’s Historic 1980 Floor Show: Complete & Uncut Footage
By Mike McGroarty, Mike’s Backyard Nursery: 22 Edible Plants You Can Grow and Sell From Home

Larry Douglas Snider: I was told depending on if you are left brain or right brain you will either see a cat or a moose in this pattern. It is an optical illusion created by your own brain. If you zoom in on any of the features you see, the illusion disappears.
Can a left handed, right brain person confirm that they see a moose? I can’t see it at all like not even a little but someone I know can see the moose. I am beginning to wonder if they are pulling my leg.

Left handed, cat. What do you see?




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Little House Big Alaska: Sablé Breton Tart for the GBBO





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