FYI September 02, 2019

On This Day

1935 – The Labor Day Hurricane, the most intense hurricane to strike the United States, makes landfall at Long Key, Florida, killing at least 400.
The 1935 Labor Day hurricane (formally known as Hurricane Three) was one of the most intense Atlantic hurricanes to make U.S. landfall on record in terms of pressure,[1] and is estimated to be one of the the strongest landfalling Atlantic hurricanes in terms of maximum sustained winds, with winds of up to or exceeding 200 mph. This estimate is based on damage data recorded by NOAA, as official wind reports weren’t collected due to the fact the hurricane destroyed the anemometers at landfall. It was also the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record until Hurricane Gilbert in 1988. The fourth tropical cyclone, third tropical storm, second hurricane, and second major hurricane of the 1935 Atlantic hurricane season, the Labor Day hurricane was the first known Category 5 hurricane on record to strike the contiguous United States.

The hurricane intensified rapidly, passing near Long Key on the evening of Monday, September 2. The region was swept by a massive storm surge as the eye passed over the area. The waters quickly receded after carving new channels connecting the bay with the ocean; however, gale-force winds and high seas persisted into Tuesday, preventing rescue efforts. The storm continued northwestward along the Florida west coast, weakening before its second landfall near Cedar Key, Florida, on September 4.

The compact and intense hurricane caused catastrophic damage in the upper Florida Keys, as a storm surge of approximately 18 to 20 feet (5.5 to 6.1 m) swept over the low-lying islands. The hurricane’s strong winds and the surge destroyed nearly all the structures between Tavernier and Marathon. The town of Islamorada was obliterated. Portions of the Key West Extension of the Florida East Coast Railway were severely damaged or destroyed. The hurricane also caused additional damage in northwest Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas.



Born On This Day

1873 – Lily Poulett-Harris, Australian cricketer and educator (d. 1897)
Lily Poulett-Harris (2 September 1873 – 15 August 1897) was an Australian sportswoman and educationalist, notable for being the founder and captain of the first Women’s cricket team in Australia.[1] Poulett-Harris continued to play until forced to retire due to ill health from the tuberculosis that was eventually to claim her life.




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