FYI September 18, 2018

On This Day

 
 
1895 – The Atlanta Exposition Speech on race relations is delivered by Booker T. Washington.
The Cotton States and International Exposition Speech was an address on the topic of race relations given by Booker T. Washington on September 18, 1895. The speech laid the foundation for the Atlanta compromise, an agreement between African-American leaders and Southern white leaders in which Southern blacks would work meekly and submit to white political rule, while Southern whites guaranteed that blacks would receive basic education and due process of law.

The speech,[1] presented before a predominantly white audience at the Cotton States and International Exposition (the site of today’s Piedmont Park) in Atlanta, Georgia, has been recognized as one of the most important and influential speeches in American history.[2] The speech was preceded by the reading of a dedicatory ode written by Frank Lebby Stanton.[3]

Washington began with a call to the blacks, who composed one third of the Southern population, to join the world of work. He declared that the South was where blacks were given their chance, as opposed to the North, especially in the worlds of commerce and industry. He told the white audience that rather than relying on the immigrant population arriving at the rate of a million people a year, they should hire some of the nation’s eight million blacks. He praised blacks’ loyalty, fidelity and love in service to the white population, but warned that they could be a great burden on society if oppression continued, stating that the progress of the South was inherently tied to the treatment of blacks and protection of their liberties.

He addressed the inequality between commercial legality and social acceptance, proclaiming that “The opportunity to earn a dollar in a factory just now is worth infinitely more than the opportunity to spend a dollar in an opera house.” Washington also suggested toleration of segregation by claiming that blacks and whites could exist as separate fingers of a hand.

The title “Atlanta Compromise” was given to the speech by W. E. B. Du Bois, who believed it was insufficiently committed to the pursuit of social and political equality for blacks.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1752 – Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1833)
Adrien-Marie Legendre (/ləˈʒɑːndər, -ˈʒɑːnd/;[3] French: [adʁiɛ̃ maʁi ləʒɑ̃dʁ]; 18 September 1752 – 10 January 1833) was a French mathematician. Legendre made numerous contributions to mathematics. Well-known and important concepts such as the Legendre polynomials and Legendre transformation are named after him.

Life
Adrien-Marie Legendre was born in Paris on 18 September 1752 to a wealthy family. He received his education at the Collège Mazarin in Paris, and defended his thesis in physics and mathematics in 1770. He taught at the École Militaire in Paris from 1775 to 1780 and at the École Normale from 1795. At the same time, he was associated with the Bureau des Longitudes. In 1782, the Berlin Academy awarded Legendre a prize for his treatise on projectiles in resistant media. This treatise also brought him to the attention of Lagrange.

The Académie des Sciences made Legendre an adjoint member in 1783 and an associé in 1785. In 1789, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[4]

He assisted with the Anglo-French Survey (1784–1790) to calculate the precise distance between the Paris Observatory and the Royal Greenwich Observatory by means of trigonometry. To this end in 1787 he visited Dover and London together with Dominique, comte de Cassini and Pierre Méchain. The three also visited William Herschel, the discoverer of the planet Uranus.

Legendre lost his private fortune in 1793 during the French Revolution. That year, he also married Marguerite-Claudine Couhin, who helped him put his affairs in order. In 1795, Legendre became one of six members of the mathematics section of the reconstituted Académie des Sciences, renamed the Institut National des Sciences et des Arts. Later, in 1803, Napoleon reorganized the Institut National, and Legendre became a member of the Geometry section. From 1799 to 1812, Legendre served as mathematics examiner for graduating artillery students at the École Militaire and from 1799 to 1815 he served as permanent mathematics examiner for the École Polytechnique.[5] In 1824, Legendre was denied his pension from the École Militaire because he refused to vote for the government candidate at the Institut National—the comte de Corbière, Ministre de L’Intérieur of the ultraroyalist government. His pension was partially reinstated with the change in government in 1828. In 1831, he was made an officer of the Légion d’Honneur.

Legendre died in Paris on 10 January 1833, after a long and painful illness, and Legendre’s widow carefully preserved his belongings to memorialize him. Upon her death in 1856, she was buried next to her husband in the village of Auteuil, where the couple had lived, and left their last country house to the village. Legendre’s name is one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.

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FYI

 
 

By Patrick Redford: Martial Arts Legend Kid Yamamoto Dead At 41

 
 
Norifumi Yamamoto (山本 徳郁 Yamamoto Norifumi, March 15, 1977 – September 18, 2018) was a Japanese mixed martial artist and kickboxer who competed in the bantamweight division of the UFC. He quickly gained popularity in the Shooto organization due to his aggressive, well-rounded style and controversial persona. He moved on to K-1 Hero’s, where he became the K-1 Hero’s 2005 Middleweight Grand Prix Tournament Champion in December, 2005 after defeating Genki Sudo via a controversial TKO due to punches.

Yamamoto came from a wrestling family. His father Ikuei Yamamoto represented Japan at the 1972 Olympic games in Munich and his sisters Miyu and Seiko both won world championships in freestyle wrestling. Kid received his education in the United States and wrestled at Marcos de Niza High School in Tempe, Arizona, capturing three state championships (with a third-place finish as a freshman). During that time he lived and received training from Townsend and Tricia Saunders. He also trained briefly under Choi Mu Bae.[1].

Though by most measures he was a natural bantamweight, many of Yamamoto’s most significant bouts have been in the lightweight division as it was the lightest division in Hero’s. More recently, he competed in the Ultimate Fighting Championship in the bantamweight division, although he did not perform well there, going winless in his first four fights.

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A look at the ginormous Antonov An-225 Mriya jumbo jet as it came in for a landing at Oakland International Airport. Apparently, the massive airplane was hired by the US Government to pick up typhoon relief supplies bound for Guam, and had to stop to refuel on its way from Kiev.
 
 
 
 
Colossal: Watch How Steel Ribbons Are Shaped into Cookie Cutters, Manami Ito Performs a Violin Solo With a Customized Prosthetic Bow Arm and more ->
 
 
 
 

Father’s Devotion: 1972 Ford Mustang


By Adam Clarke: Father’s Devotion: 1972 Ford Mustang
 
 
 
 
The Diesel-Electric Elephant Company: Dullard boaters, rats on string, Thunderbird machines and Sunday, Bloody Sunday #narrowboat #england
 
 
 
 
By Eden Ashley: 9 Ways You Can Live More With Intention
 
 
 
 
By Frankie Schembri: Fifty-thousand-year-old wolf pup still has paws, skin, and hair
 
 
 
 
By Christina Dodd: How I Got 25K More BookBub Followers (and Why I Did)
 
 
 
 
Kate Atkinson tells Sarah Shaffi how the curious case of ‘perfect spy’ Jack King inspired her book, Transcription
Kate Atkinson was still working on A God in Ruins – her last novel and a not-quite-sequel to her bestselling Life After Life – when she came across something of interest.

While on the National Archives’ website, she got drawn into the latest releases section, and learnt about Jack King, who was an MI5 spy during the Second World War. Posing as a Gestapo agent, he infiltrated fascist groups and prevented secret information from getting into the hands of the Nazis. But his real identity had been the cause of speculation for some time; now, it was being revealed that he was really a bank clerk at the Westminster Bank called Eric Roberts.
 
 
 
 
Two Nerdy History Girls: Ladies’ Facilities in the 1700s to 1900s
 
 
 
 
By Colin Marshall: Download Classic Japanese Wave and Ripple Designs: A Go-to Guide for Japanese Artists from 1903
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Wet & Forget Hometalker Elgin, IL: How To Make a Home Emergency Kit
 
 
 
 
Melanie Hometalk Helper Canada: Solar Light Fall Makeover
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 23 DIY Pumpkins You’ve Never Seen Before! These 23 DIY decor pumpkins are so unique, we guarantee your neighbors won’t have the same ones!
 
 
 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 15 Perfect Coffee Tables You And Your Husband Can Build Together Get the perfect coffee table, and build with your hubbie!
 
 
 
 
By gravitino: A Tiny Telescope Observatory
 
 
 
 
By many_methods: Minion Wood Burner
 
 
 
 
By Magpie’s Miscellany: Basic Net Wire Wrap
 
 
 
 

 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By ModernFarmhouseKitchen: Irish Soda Bread
 
 
 
 


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