On This Day
1887 – Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show opens in London.
William Frederick “Buffalo Bill” Cody (February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was an American scout, bison hunter, and showman. He was born in Le Claire, Iowa Territory (now the U.S. state of Iowa), but he lived for several years in his father’s hometown in Toronto Township, Ontario, Canada, before the family returned to the Midwest and settled in the Kansas Territory.
Buffalo Bill started working at the age of eleven, after his father’s death, and became a rider for the Pony Express at age 14. During the American Civil War, he served the Union from 1863 to the end of the war in 1865. Later he served as a civilian scout for the US Army during the Indian Wars, receiving the Medal of Honor in 1872.
One of the most colorful figures of the American Old West, Buffalo Bill’s legend began to spread when he was only twenty-three. Shortly thereafter he started performing in shows that displayed cowboy themes and episodes from the frontier and Indian Wars. He founded Buffalo Bill’s Wild West in 1883, taking his large company on tours in the United States and, beginning in 1887, in Great Britain and continental Europe.
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Born On This Day
1906 – Eleanor Estes, American librarian, author, and illustrator (d. 1988)
Eleanor Estes (May 9, 1906 – July 15, 1988) was an American children’s author and a children’s librarian. Her book, Ginger Pye, which she also created illustrations for, won the Newbery Medal. Three of her books were Newbery Honor Winners, and one was awarded the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award. Estes’ books were based on her life in small town Connecticut in the early 1900s.
Born Eleanor Ruth Rosenfield in West Haven, Connecticut, Estes was the third of four children. Her father, Louis Rosenfeld, was a bookkeeper for a railway; her mother, Caroline Gewecke Rosenfeld, was a seamstress and story teller. Her father died when Estes was young, and her mother’s dressmaking provided for the family.:267 Eleanor Estes attributes her love of reading, children’s literature, and storytelling to her parent’s fondness for books, and her mother’s “inexhaustible supply of songs, stories, and anecdotes, with which she entertained us with while cooking dinner.” In 1923, after graduating from West Haven High School, she trained at the New Haven Free Library, and became a children’s librarian there.:147
In 1931 Estes won the Caroline M. Hewins scholarship for children’s librarians, which allowed her to study at the Pratt Institute library school in New York. In 1932 she married fellow student Rice Estes. They both worked as librarians throughout New York, and he later became a professor of library science and the head of the Pratt Institute Library. Estes worked as a children’s librarian in various branches of the New York Public Library, until 1941. Estes began writing when tuberculosis left her confined to her bed. Her best known fictional characters, the Moffats, live in Cranbury, Connecticut, which is Estes’ hometown of West Haven. She based the Moffats after her family, including patterning younger daughter Janey after herself, and basing Rufus on her brother, Teddy.
Eleanor based the story The Hundred Dresses on her real life experience as the girl who (unbeknownst to Peggy) received Peggy’s hand-me-down dresses. She felt so guilty for not having defended the Wanda character in real life, that she wrote the story as both an exercise to assuage her guilt, and to encourage others to stand up against bullies.
The Esteses had one child, Helena, born in Los Angeles in 1948, where Rice Estes was assistant librarian at the University of Southern California. In 1952 they moved back to the East coast, where she lived until her death.:151 Besides writing and working as a librarian, Estes also taught at the University of New Hampshire Writer’s Conference.
Eleanor Estes died July 15, 1988 in Hamden, Connecticut. Her papers are held at the University of Southern Mississippi, and University of Minnesota. She wrote 20 books.
Awards and reception
Estes’s book Ginger Pye (1951) won the Newbery Medal. Three of her books were Newbery Honor books: The Middle Moffat, Rufus M., and The Hundred Dresses. In addition The Moffats won the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award in 1961. Estes also received the Certificate of Award for Outstanding Contribution to Children’s Literature from the New York Association for Supervision of Curriculum Development in 1968. She was awarded the Pratt Institute Alumni Medal in 1968.:318 In 1970 she was nominated for the Laura Ingalls Wilder Award.
According to reviewer Carolyn Shute, Estes had the “ability to distill the very essence of childhood.”:319 Anita Silvey said she possessed a “rare gift for depicting everyday experiences from the fresh perspective of childhood.” Estes is primarily recognized as a writer of family stories, and as one who “shaped and broadened that subgenre’s tradition”, primarily through her “seemingly artless style”.:147 Eleanor Cameron, in an article for The Horn Book Magazine, included Estes’ Moffat books among “those that sit securely as classics in the realm of memorable literature”.
The Moffats (1941)
The Middle Moffat (1942)
The Sun and the Wind and Mr. Todd (1943)
Rufus M. (1943)
The Hundred Dresses (1944)
The Echoing Green (1947)
Sleeping Giant and Other Stories (1948)
Ginger Pye (1951)
A Little Oven (1955)
Pinky Pye (1958)
The Witch Family (1960)
Small but Wiry (1963)
The Alley (1964)
The Lollipop Princess (1967)
Miranda the Great (1967)
The Tunnel of Hugsy Goode (1972)
The Coat-Hanger Christmas Tree (1973)
The Lost Umbrella of Kim Chu (1978)
The Moffat Museum (1983)
The Curious Adventures of Jimmy McGee (1987)
One bullet each for Polanski and the victim’s mother. Did Polanski refuse to serve the appropriate (how does one judge that?) prison term? What about his victim? How does she ever get past this continual publicity over her attack?
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She told BuzzFeed the Brown comparison is “absurd,” adding:
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