On This Day
1784 – The Treaty of Paris, ratified by the United States Congress on January 14, 1784, is ratified by King George III of the Kingdom of Great Britain, ending the American Revolutionary War. Copies of the ratified documents are exchanged on May 12, 1784.
The Treaty of Paris, signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War. The treaty set the boundaries between the British Empire in North America and the United States of America, on lines “exceedingly generous” to the latter. Details included fishing rights and restoration of property and prisoners of war.
This treaty and the separate peace treaties between Great Britain and the nations that supported the American cause—France, Spain, and the Dutch Republic—are known collectively as the Peace of Paris. Only Article 1 of the treaty, which acknowledges the United States’ existence as free, sovereign, and independent states, remains in force.
Born On This Day
1921 – Mary Jackson, African-American mathematician and aerospace engineer (d. 2005)
Mary Jackson (née Winston, April 9, 1921 – February 11, 2005) was an American mathematician and aerospace engineer at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), which in 1958 was succeeded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). She worked at Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, for most of her career. She started as a computer at the segregated West Area Computing division in 1951. She took advanced engineering classes and, in 1958, became NASA’s first African-American female engineer.
After 34 years at NASA, Jackson had earned the most senior engineering title available. She realized she could not earn further promotions without becoming a supervisor. She accepted a demotion to become a manager of both the Federal Women’s Program, in the NASA Office of Equal Opportunity Programs, and of the Affirmative Action Program. In this role, she worked to influence the hiring and promotion of women in NASA’s science, engineering, and mathematics careers.
Jackson’s story features in the 2016 non-fiction book Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Who Helped Win the Space Race. She is one of the three protagonists in Hidden Figures, the film adaptation released the same year.
In 2019, Jackson posthumously was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
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Ok, Screw the virus. Baseball, here it is, lotsa stories (thank you GQ). Hit the links for more than you know and I know you know a lot about baseball. Yes, I remember three teams in New York (well one of them in Brooklyn). two teams in Boston and two in Philadelphia.
My first ever major league game was to see The Philadelphia Athletics, it was rained out. Shibe Park. Both the Phillies and the Athletics played their home games in this park.
Oh, don’t forget the free streaming from PBS, Ken Burns Baseball documentary. I still have a VHS copy, anyone got a player?
I noticed as I was assembling the send to list that I have a load of dead guys in my contacts, I must be gettin old or something. But at least I use the Bcc so as not to clutter up your emails! If you get it twice, let me know. If you don’t get it, let me know as well. And if you are not here, please raise your hand.