Category: FYI


FYI August 20, 2019

On This Day

1910 – The Great Fire of 1910 (also commonly referred to as the “Big Blowup” or the “Big Burn”) occurs in northeast Washington, northern Idaho (the panhandle), and western Montana, burning approximately 3 million acres (12,000 km2).
The Great Fire of 1910 (also commonly referred to as the Big Blowup, the Big Burn, or the Devil’s Broom fire) was a wildfire in the western United States that burned three million acres (4,700 sq mi; 12,100 km2) in North Idaho and Western Montana, with extensions into Eastern Washington and Southeast British Columbia, in the summer of 1910.[1] The area burned included large parts of the Bitterroot, Cabinet, Clearwater, Coeur d’Alene, Flathead, Kaniksu, Kootenai, Lewis and Clark, Lolo, and St. Joe National Forests.[2]

The fire burned over two days on the weekend of August 20–21,[3][4] after strong winds caused numerous smaller fires to combine into a firestorm of unprecedented size. It killed 87 people,[5] mostly firefighters,[6][7] destroyed numerous manmade structures, including several entire towns, and more than three million acres of forest with an estimated billion dollars worth of timber was lost.[2] It is believed to be the largest, although not the deadliest, forest fire in U.S. history.[8] The extensive burned area was approximately the size of the state of Connecticut.[2]

In the aftermath of the fire, the U.S. Forest Service received considerable recognition for its firefighting efforts, including a doubling of its budget from Congress. The outcome was to highlight firefighters as public heroes while raising public awareness of national nature conservation. The fire is often considered a significant impetus in the development of early wildfire prevention and suppression strategies.[2]



Born On This Day

1918 – Jacqueline Susann, American actress and author (d. 1974)
Jacqueline Susann (August 20, 1918 – September 21, 1974) was an American writer and actress. Her first novel, Valley of the Dolls (1966), is one of the best-selling books in publishing history.[1] With her two subsequent works, The Love Machine (1969) and Once Is Not Enough (1973), Susann became the first author to have three consecutive #1 novels on The New York Times Best Seller List.[2]




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Helen Hegener Alaska History Magazine: Alaska Becomes a U.S. Territory and more ->
The Passive Voice: Leisure reading in the U.S. is at an all-time low; Why We Don’t Read, Revisited and more ->


By Kristin, Perfectly DeStressed: Celebration Chocolate Chip Cookies




FYI August 19, 2019

On This Day

295 BC – The first temple to Venus, the Roman goddess of love, beauty and fertility, is dedicated by Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges during the Third Samnite War.
Venus (/ˈviːnəs/, Classical Latin: /ˈwɛnʊs/) is a Roman goddess, whose functions encompassed love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and victory. In Roman mythology, she was the ancestor of the Roman people through her son, Aeneas, who survived the fall of Troy and fled to Italy. Julius Caesar claimed her as his ancestor. Venus was central to many religious festivals, and was revered in Roman religion under numerous cult titles.

The Romans adapted the myths and iconography of her Greek counterpart Aphrodite for Roman art and Latin literature. In the later classical tradition of the West, Venus became one of the most widely referenced deities of Greco-Roman mythology as the embodiment of love and sexuality.



Born On This Day

1858 – Ellen Willmott, English horticulturalist (d. 1934)[3]
Ellen Ann Willmott (19 August 1858 – 27 September 1934)[1] was an English horticulturist. She was an influential member of the Royal Horticultural Society, and a recipient of the first Victoria Medal of Honour in 1897. She was said to have cultivated more than 100,000 species and cultivars of plants,[2] and sponsored expeditions to discover new species. More than 60 plants have been named after her or her home, Warley Place.[3]




Great read!
Just A Car guy: back in March, a 6 yr old was watching the news about the flooding in Nebraska… and he decided to raise money to buy a bridge to help the victims. He ended up collecting $285.28 – more than enough to buy a bridge, which he estimated would cost about $60
Just A Car Guy: a fun to read Craigslist ad for this lawnmower





FYI August 17 & 18, 2019

On This Day

1549 – Battle of Sampford Courtenay: The Prayer Book Rebellion is quashed in England.
The Prayer Book Rebellion, Prayer Book Revolt, Prayer Book Rising, Western Rising or Western Rebellion (Cornish: Rebellyans an Lyver Pejadow Kebmyn) was a popular revolt in Devon and Cornwall in 1549. In that year, the Book of Common Prayer, presenting the theology of the English Reformation, was introduced. The change was widely unpopular – particularly in areas of still firmly Catholic religious loyalty (even after the Act of Supremacy in 1534) such as Lancashire.[1] Along with poor economic conditions, the enforcement of the English language liturgy led to an explosion of anger in Devon and Cornwall, initiating an uprising. In response, Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset sent Lord John Russell to suppress the revolt.


1938 – The Thousand Islands Bridge, connecting New York, United States with Ontario, Canada over the Saint Lawrence River, is dedicated by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The Thousand Islands International Bridge (French: Pont des Mille-îles) is an American-maintained international bridge system over the Saint Lawrence River connecting northern New York in the United States with southeastern Ontario in Canada. Constructed in 1937, with additions in 1959, the bridges span the Canada–US border in the middle of the Thousand Islands region. All bridges in the system carry two lanes of traffic, one in each direction, with pedestrian sidewalks.



Born On This Day

1840 – Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, English poet and activist (d. 1922)
Wilfrid Scawen Blunt (17 August 1840[1] – 10 September 1922[2]), sometimes spelled “Wilfred”, was an English poet and writer. He and his wife, Lady Anne Blunt travelled in the Middle East and were instrumental in preserving the Arabian horse bloodlines through their farm, the Crabbet Arabian Stud. He was best known for his poetry, which was published in a collected edition in 1914, but also wrote a number of political essays and polemics. Blunt is also known for his views against imperialism, viewed as relatively enlightened for his time.


1900 – Ruth Bonner, Soviet Communist activist, sentenced to a labor camp during Joseph Stalin’s Great Purge (d. 1987)
Ruf Grigorievna Bonner (Russian: Руфь Григорьевна Боннер; 1900[1] — 25 December 1987)[2], also known as Ruth Bonner, was a Soviet Communist activist and who spent eight years in a labor camp during Joseph Stalin’s Great Purge. She was the mother of the human rights activist Yelena Bonner and the mother-in-law of physicist and dissident Andrei Sakharov.

Bonner was born in 1900 into a Russian Jewish family in Siberia. Her mother, Tatiana Matveyevna Bonner early widowed, was widowed and left with three small children.[3]

Bonner’s first husband was Armenian Levon Sarkisovich Kocharian, who died when Yelena was a year old.[4]

In the 1930s, Bonner was a health official in the Communist Party committee of Moscow while her second husband, Gevork Alikhanyan, aka Georgy Alikhanov, was a director at the Comintern.[5] As part of Stalin’s mass purges in 1937, her husband was arrested on charges of espionage and sentenced to death.

Bonner was arrested a few days after her husband and spent the next eight years in the Gulag near Karaganda, Kazakhstan. After her release she spent another nine years in internal exile. In 1954 she was one of the first of Stalin’s victims to be rehabilitated under the new Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. Her husband was rehabilitated posthumously.[2]

When her daughter Yelena and her son-in-law Andrei Sakharov were exiled to Gorky in 1980, she was allowed to move to the United States to be with her grandchildren. She returned to Moscow in June 1987 to live with her daughter, whose exile had been lifted by Mikhail Gorbachev in December 1986.[2] She died in Moscow on 25 December 1987, aged 87.



Peter Henry Fonda (February 23, 1940 – August 16, 2019) was an American actor, director, and screenwriter. He was the son of Henry Fonda, younger brother of Jane Fonda, and father of Bridget Fonda. He was a part of the counterculture of the 1960s.[2][3]

Fonda was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for Easy Rider (1969), and the Academy Award for Best Actor for Ulee’s Gold (1997). For the latter, he won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama. Fonda also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film for The Passion of Ayn Rand (1999).


By Noel Murray, The New York Times: Peter Fonda: 7 Great Movies to Stream The prolific actor, who died Friday, is credited with 116 roles across a nearly six-decade career. Here are a few of his best.
Vector’s World: Ran when parked; Curtiss Aerocar Just about anything you might ever need to know about Glenn H. Curtiss can probably be found in this article. More ->
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Google Open Source Blog: Bringing Live Transcribe’s Speech Engine to Everyone
By Leah Asmelash, WMUR: Police: Woman holds teens at gunpoint while they tried to raise money for their football team
Wynne County Schools Superintendent Carl Easley said in a statement that his district will review the fundraising policy and “will consider banning any door to door sales.”

“We are very concerned for our kids,” he said.
By Gabe Fernandez, Jalopnik: NASCAR Cowards Dropped Slayer As A Race Car Sponsor Because Of “Reactionary Concerns”
“Today, reportedly due to reactionary concerns from other long-time participating sponsors, Slayer has been pulled as the primary sponsor, and all Slayer signage has been removed from the car that was to be piloted by Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series veteran, JJ Yeley,” they wrote in a statement. “The incontrovertible PODS Moving & Storage will now sponsor that car. After nearly 40 years, Slayer apparently remains as terrifying to some as ever.”
By Patrick Holland, CNET: PDFs are a monster to edit, but these four free apps make it easy Whether you’re on an iPhone, Android phone, Mac or PC, I found free and easy ways to add text, sign documents and fill out forms.
By Jon Schuppe, NBC News: U.S. news ‘I feel lucky, for real’: How legalizing hemp accidentally helped marijuana suspects Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of people accused of marijuana possession have seen their cases dismissed or put on hold thanks to new hemp laws.
With the passage of new hemp-legalization laws over the past eight months, crime labs across the country have suddenly found themselves unable to prove that a leafy green plant taken from someone’s car is marijuana, rather than hemp. Marijuana looks and smells like hemp but has more THC, the chemical that makes people high.

Without the technology to determine a plant’s THC level, labs can’t provide scientific evidence for use in court. Without that help, prosecutors have to send evidence to expensive private labs that can do the tests or postpone cases until local labs develop their own tests, a process that could take months.

By Denise Guerra, NPR: My Grandfather, A Killer
American Thinker: Epstein and the Public Loss of Faith; Forty-nine Years After Coming to America, I Became a Citizen Because I Want to Vote for President Trump; Why Israel Made the Right Move with Omar and Tlaib; Hatred is Hatred, whether from the Left or Right and more ->

By Deborah Bonello, Ozy: Silicon Valley Is Going to Mexico … for Talent
Why you should care
American tech firms are setting up research centers south of the border, targeting an affordable talent pool they’re increasingly unable to find at home.

By Amanda Ogle, Ozy: Take a Trip Through the First U.S. State to Allow Women to Vote
Why you should care
Women have been voting in the Cowboy State for 150 years.

Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Against the Slippery Slope of Evil: Amanda Palmer Reads Wendell Berry’s Stunningly Prescient Poem “Questionnaire” and Eating the Sun: A Lovely Illustrated Celebration of Wonder, the Science of How the Universe Works, and the Existential Mystery of Being Human


Backyard Gardening: DIY Fabric Grow Bags
By gg Phillips, Alaska Master Gardener Blog: Easy To Grow Houseplants
By rabbitcreek: Alaska Datalogger
By Natalina: Build a Soundproof Wall


Joan Reeves Saturday Share: Best Sloppy Joe Ever
FOODS by Lyds: How to Make the Best Brownies Ever




FYI August 16, 2019

On This Day

1916 – The Migratory Bird Treaty between Canada and the United States is signed.
The Migratory Bird Treaty or Convention is an environmental treaty between Canada and the United States. It was originally signed on 16 August 1916 by the U.S. and the United Kingdom (representing Canada), entered into force in on 6 December 1916, and has since been amended several times.

Whereas, many species of birds in the course of their annual migrations traverse certain parts of the Dominion of Canada and the United States; and

Whereas, many of these species are of great value as a source of food or in destroying insects which are injurious to forests and forage plants on the public domain, as well as to agricultural crops, in both Canada and the United States, but are nevertheless in danger of extermination through lack of adequate protection during the nesting season or while on their way to and from their breeding grounds;

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British dominions beyond the seas, Emperor of India, and the United States of America, being desirous of saving from indiscriminate slaughter and of insuring the preservation of such migratory birds as are either useful to man or are harmless, have resolved to adopt some uniform system of protection which shall effectively accomplish such objects …[1]

This treaty led to important environmental legislation being passed in each of the two countries in order to implement the terms of the treaty.

Implementation in Canada

Main articles: Migratory Birds Convention Act and List of Migratory Bird Sanctuaries of Canada

The Migratory Birds Convention Act (also MBCA) is a Canadian law established in 1917 and significantly updated in June 1994 which contains regulations to protect migratory birds, their eggs, and their nests from hunting, trafficking and commercialization. A permit is required to engage in any of these activities.[2] One major outcome of the act was the creation of Federal Migratory Bird Sanctuaries (MBSs).

Implementation in the United States
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Find sources: “Migratory Bird Treaty” – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Main article: Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918
Under United States Code Title 16, Chapter 7, Subchapter II, the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 is the United States legislation implementing the convention between the U.S. and Great Britain (for Canada). It replaced the Weeks-McLean Act, which had become effective in 1913. The United States subsequently entered into similar agreements with four other nations (Canada, Mexico, Japan and Russia) to protect migratory birds. The statute makes it unlawful to pursue, hunt, take, capture, kill or sell birds listed therein (“migratory birds”). The statute does not discriminate between live or dead birds and also grants full protection to any bird parts including feathers, eggs and nests. Over 800 species are currently on the list.

The statute is broken down into ten sections, 703 through 712 (16 U.S.C. 703 through 712). Note that § 709 is omitted, but § 709a Authorization of appropriations is included and active, making eleven listed sections (including § 709 Omitted).


Born On This Day

1900 – Ida Browne, Australian geologist and palaeontologist (d. 1976)
Ida Alison Browne (1900–1976) was an Australian geologist and palaeontologist at the University of Sydney.

Early life and education

Ida Alison Brown was born 16 August 1900 in Paddington, Sydney, New South Wales.[1] She was educated at Fort Street Girls’ High School, and went on to study her B.Sc. at the University of Sydney, graduating with Honours, winning the University medal in geology and the Deas Thomson scholarship in 1922.[2]

Giving up the scholarship in 1922 at the request of Professor Edgeworth David,[3] she worked as a demonstrator in geology and petrology at the University until 1927, and researched the minerals of Broken Hill and geology of the south coast of New South Wales.[2] After being awarded a Linnean-Macleay Fellowship from 1927-1931 she further worked on the geology of this region, undertook extensive mapping, travelled overseas visiting research institutes and attending scientific congresses.[1][4]

Brown took her D.Sc. in 1932,[5] the second woman to do so at the University of Sydney,[6] and then found work hard to find. She was unable to work for mining companies because women were forbidden from working underground.[4] She again worked as a demonstrator until 1934, when she became Assistant Lecturer in palaeontology, following the illness of W.S. Dun. She spent considerable time developing her knowledge of palaeontology to the exclusion of other geological research, as well as carrying a full teaching load.[4] Brown was promoted to full lecturer in 1940, and published a paper on the fossiliferous Silurian and Devonian sequences of the Yass district with Germaine Joplin, in 1941. She attempted to work with colleague, Dorothy Hill from the University of Queensland to publish internationally, but mainly focused on Australian publications and her teaching responsibilities.[7] Moving from hard rock to soft rock studies, Brown’s research evolved into the study of Palaeozoic invertebrates, specifically brachiopods, as well as stratigraphical studies. Her mapping skills were praised, and her Taemas map continues to be of use.[7] She became a Senior Lecturer in 1945,[1] but like many women, Ida Brown resigned from teaching in 1950, with her marriage to fellow geologist and colleague, William Rowan Browne.

Later life
William and Ida Browne worked from their home residence, undertaking fieldwork when required up until 1965. She published ten papers after her marriage to Browne.[2] She assisted him on his field trips to Kosciusko and he assisted her on field trips to Yass and other regions of New South Wales.[8] She was a member of the Royal Society of New South Wales and Linnean Society of New South Wales, and was the first woman president of the Linnean Society in 1945.[9] She was Vice President of the Royal Society of New South Wales from 1942–1950, Honorary Editorial Secretary from 1950–1953 and first woman President in 1953. She was a member of the Australian National Research Council, ANZAAS and Geological Society of Australia.[1] She was a generous donor of books to the Australian Museum and University of Wollongong libraries.[2] She also supported the creation of the William Rowan Browne medal to honour her husband’s legacy.[2]

Browne suffered from a paralysing illness from 1970[4] and died 21 October 1976 in Edgecliff, New South Wales.[1] Her husband had predeceased her the previous year.



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By Mike Hayes and Meg Wagner, CNN: Police investigate rice cookers found in New York City

By Elisha Fieldstadt, CBS News: Indiana lawmaker arrested for impersonating police to find coke, driving while intoxicated The lawmaker, the local sheriff’s nephew, threatened to “have” all of the officers’ badges during his arrest.
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Military August 16, 2019

Task & Purpose: ‘Here we are again’ — Shaw AFB is mourning its third suicide in as many months; ‘She’s an old beast’ — What it’s like to serve aboard the Polar Star, the Pentagon’s neglected 43-year-old stepchild; Army’s housing chief fired amid ongoing investigation; A Marine flattop sailed through the Strait of Hormuz with an armored vehicle on its flight deck to fend off Iranian gunboats and more -> First Armored Soldier Honored for Protecting Children in El Paso Shooting; France Honors African Veterans of World War II Landings; Navajo Nation Eyes Renaming US Highway After WWII Code Talker; 1st Enlisted Woman to Attempt Air Force Special Recon Training Dropped from Program; SOCOM Must Make These Changes as it Reviews Ethics Problems, Operators and Experts Say and more ->


FYI August 15, 2019

On This Day

1281 – Mongol invasion of Japan: The Mongolian fleet of Kublai Khan is destroyed by a “divine wind” for the second time in the Battle of Kōan.
The kamikaze (Japanese: 神風) literally “divine wind” were two winds or storms that are said to have saved Japan from two Mongol fleets under Kublai Khan. These fleets attacked Japan in 1274 and again in 1281.[1]. Due to the growth of Zen Buddhism among Samurai at the time, these were the first events where the typhoons were described as “divine wind” as much by their timing as by their force. Since Man’yōshū, the word kamikaze has been used as a Makurakotoba of waka introducing Ise Grand Shrine.

The latter fleet, composed of “more than four thousand ships bearing nearly 140,000 men”[2] is said to have been the largest attempted naval invasion in history whose scale was only recently eclipsed in modern times by the D-Day invasion of allied forces into Normandy in 1944.

In the first invasion, the Mongols successfully conquered the Japanese settlements on Tsushima and Iki islands. When they landed on Hakata Bay, however, they met fierce resistance by the armies of samurai clans and were forced to withdraw to their bases in China. In the midst of the withdrawal, they were hit by a typhoon. Most of their ships sank and many soldiers drowned.[3][better source needed]

During the time period between the first and second invasion, the Japanese prudently built two-meter-high walls to protect themselves from future assaults.

Seven years later, the Mongols returned. Unable to find any suitable landing beaches due to the walls, the fleet stayed afloat for months and depleted their supplies as they searched for an area to land. After months of being exposed to the elements, the fleet was destroyed by a great typhoon, which the Japanese called “kamikaze” (divine wind). The Mongols never attacked Japan again, and more than 70,000 men were said to have been captured.[4]

In myth
In popular Japanese myths at the time, the god Raijin was the god who turned the storms against the Mongols. Other variations say that the gods Fūjin, Ryūjin or Hachiman caused the destructive kamikaze.

As metaphor
The name given to the storm, kamikaze, was later used during World War II as nationalist propaganda for suicide attacks by Japanese pilots. The metaphor meant that the pilots were to be the “Divine Wind” that would again sweep the enemy from the seas. This use of kamikaze has come to be the common meaning of the word in English.


Born On This Day

1896 – Gerty Cori, Czech-American biochemist and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
Gerty Theresa Cori (née Radnitz; August 15, 1896 – October 26, 1957[2]) was a Jewish Austro-Hungarian-American biochemist who in 1947 was the third woman—and first American woman—to win a Nobel Prize in science, and the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for her role in the discovery of glycogen metabolism.

Cori was born in Prague (then in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, now the Czech Republic). Gerty was not a nickname, but rather she was named after an Austrian warship.[3] Growing up at a time when women were marginalized in science and allowed few educational opportunities, she gained admittance to medical school, where she met her future husband Carl Ferdinand Cori in an anatomy class;[4] upon their graduation in 1920, they married. Because of deteriorating conditions in Europe, the couple emigrated to the United States in 1922. Gerty Cori continued her early interest in medical research, collaborating in the laboratory with Carl. She published research findings coauthored with her husband, as well as publishing singly. Unlike her husband, she had difficulty securing research positions, and the ones she obtained provided meager pay. Her husband insisted on continuing their collaboration, though he was discouraged from doing so by the institutions that employed him.

With her husband Carl and Argentine physiologist Bernardo Houssay, Gerty Cori received the Nobel Prize in 1947 for the discovery of the mechanism by which glycogen—a derivative of glucose—is broken down in muscle tissue into lactic acid and then resynthesized in the body and stored as a source of energy (known as the Cori cycle). They also identified the important catalyzing compound, the Cori ester. In 2004, both Gerty and Carl Cori were designated a National Historic Chemical Landmark in recognition of their work in clarifying carbohydrate metabolism.[5]

In 1957, Gerty Cori died after a ten-year struggle with myelosclerosis. She remained active in the research laboratory until the end of her life. She received recognition for her achievements through multiple awards and honors.




By Brandon Bailey: Dale Earnhardt Jr.’s plane crashes at Elizabethton Municipal Airport

One bullet.
By Associated Press, Chicago Tribune: Wisconsin fugitive wanted on child sex charges survives 3 years in makeshift bunker powered by solar panels: police
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FYI August 12, 13 & 14, 2019

On This Day

1323 – Signature of the Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod Republic, which regulates the border between the two countries for the first time.
The Treaty of Nöteborg, also known as the Treaty of Oreshek (Swedish: Freden i Nöteborg, Russian: Ореховецкий мир, Finnish: Pähkinäsaaren rauha), is a conventional name for the peace treaty signed at Orekhovets (Swedish: Nöteborg, Finnish: Pähkinäsaari) on 12 August 1323. It was the first settlement between Sweden and the Novgorod Republic regulating their border. Three years later, Novgorod signed the Treaty of Novgorod with the Norwegians.

1645 – Sweden and Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro.
The Second Treaty of Brömsebro (or the Peace of Brömsebro) was signed on 13 August 1645, and ended the Torstenson War, a local conflict that began in 1643 (and was part of the larger Thirty Years’ War) between Sweden and Denmark-Norway. Negotiations for the treaty began in February the same year.

1457 – Publication of the Mainz Psalter, the first book to feature a printed date of publication and printed colophon.
The Mainz Psalter was the second major book printed with movable type in the West;[1] the first was the Gutenberg Bible. It is a psalter commissioned by the Mainz archbishop in 1457. The Psalter introduced several innovations: it was the first book to feature a printed date of publication, a printed colophon, two sizes of type, printed decorative initials, and the first to be printed in three colours.[1] The colophon also contains the first example of a printer’s mark.[2] It was the first important publication issued by Johann Fust and Peter Schoeffer following their split from Johannes Gutenberg.


Born On This Day

1867 – Edith Hamilton, German-American author and educator (d. 1963)
Edith Hamilton (August 12, 1867 – May 31, 1963) was an American educator and internationally known[2] author who was one of the most renowned classicists of her era in the United States.[3] A graduate of Bryn Mawr College, she also studied in Germany at the University of Leipzig and the University of Munich. Hamilton began her career as an educator and head of the Bryn Mawr School, a private college preparatory school for girls in Baltimore, Maryland; however, Hamilton is best known for her essays and best-selling books on ancient Greek and Roman civilizations.

Hamilton’s second career as an author began after her retirement from Bryn Mawr School in 1922. She was sixty-two years old when her first book, The Greek Way, was published in 1930. It was an immediate success and a featured selection by the Book-of-the-Month Club in 1957. Hamilton’s other notable works include The Roman Way (1932), The Prophets of Israel (1936), Mythology (1942), and The Echo of Greece (1957).

Critics have acclaimed Hamilton’s books for their lively interpretations of ancient cultures, and she is described as the classical scholar who “brought into clear and brilliant focus the Golden Age of Greek life and thought … with Homeric power and simplicity in her style of writing”.[4] Her works are said to influence modern lives through a “realization of the refuge and strength in the past” to those “in the troubled present.”[5] Hamilton’s younger sister was Alice Hamilton, an expert in industrial toxicology and the first woman appointed to the faculty of Harvard University.


1904 – Margaret Tafoya, Native American Pueblo potter (d. 2001)[8]
Maria Margarita “Margaret” Tafoya (Tewa name: Corn Blossom; August 13, 1904 – February 25, 2001)[1] was the matriarch of Santa Clara Pueblo potters.[2] She was a recipient of a 1984 National Heritage Fellowship awarded by the National Endowment for the Arts, which is the United States government’s highest honor in the folk and traditional arts.[3]

1848 – Margaret Lindsay Huggins, Anglo-Irish astronomer and author (d. 1915)
Margaret Lindsay, Lady Huggins (14 August 1848 in Dublin – 24 March 1915 in London),[1] born Margaret Lindsay Murray, was an Irish-English scientific investigator and astronomer.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] With her husband William Huggins she was a pioneer in the field of spectroscopy and co-wrote the Atlas of Representative Stellar Spectra (1899).[9][10]




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Stephen Guise: 10 Clever Tips for Better Conversations

Conversations are the foundation of all relationships. Thus, conversation skills are important, but they’re often overlooked. I can’t think of a time I purposefully worked on my conversation skills. We do get better at them just by talking to others, but there are still “blind spots” that can make a big difference if addressed. We don’t always come across how we think we do or how we would like.

I came across a TEDx Talk about how to have good conversations and found the information incredibly valuable. The speech is very well delivered, too (I laughed multiple times).

Link to the speech (youtube): How to Have a Good Conversation by Celeste Headlee

Here are her tips in written form, though I do recommend watching the video for complete context (it’s 12 minutes).

1. Don’t multitask. Don’t be halfway in a conversation. Be in it or out of it.
2. Don’t pontificate, which is stating an opinion without the opportunity for response, argument, or discussion. Enter every conversation assuming that you have something to learn. Set aside your personal opinion. Everyone you meet knows something that you don’t. Everyone is an expert in something.
3. Who, what, where, when, how? Let them describe it.
4. Go with the flow. Thoughts will come and go. Don’t force the direction of conversation.
5. If you don’t know, say that you don’t know.
6. Don’t equate your experience with theirs. If they’re talking about the time they lost a family member, don’t start talking about the time that you lost a family member. If they start talking about the trouble they’re having at work, don’t start talking about how you hate your job. It’s never the same. All experiences are individual.
7. Try not to repeat yourself. It can come across as condescending and it’s really boring. We tend to do it a lot in work situations and conversations with our kids.
8. Stay out of the weeds. People don’t care about the minutiae. What they care about is you.
9. Listen.

“If your mouth is open, you’re not learning.” (Buddha)
“No man ever listened his way out of a job.”(Calvin Coolidge)
“Most of us don’t listen with the intent to understand, we listen with the intent to reply.” (Stephen Covey)

10. Be brief.

How great are these tips? The one that struck me the most is #6. I do that ALL the time. I think I’m being relatable by sharing a similar experience, but instead I’m making their issue or concern about me. At the very least, I want to acknowledge their feelings and unique situation before I say anything about myself.

Which ones can you improve? As Celeste says in the beginning of the speech, improving even one of these could have a profoundly positive effect on your conversations and relationships.


Stephen Guise

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FYI August 11, 2019

On This Day

1962 – Vostok 3 launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev becomes the first person to float in microgravity.
Vostok 3 (Russian: Восток-3, Orient 3 or East 3) was a spaceflight of the Soviet space program intended to determine the ability of the human body to function in conditions of weightlessness and test the endurance of the Vostok 3KA spacecraft over longer flights. Cosmonaut Andriyan Nikolayev orbited the Earth 64 times over nearly four days in space, August 11–15, 1962, a feat which would not be matched by NASA until the Gemini program (1965–1966).[1]

Vostok 3 and Vostok 4 were launched a day apart on trajectories that brought the spacecraft within approximately 6.5 km (4.0 mi) of one another.[4] The cosmonauts aboard the two capsules also communicated with each other via radio, the first ship-to-ship communications in space.[5] These missions marked the first time that more than one crewed spacecraft was in orbit at the same time, giving Soviet mission controllers the opportunity to learn to manage this scenario.[6]



Born On This Day

1925 – Arlene Dahl, American actress, businesswoman and writer
Arlene Carol Dahl (born August 11, 1925)[1][2] is an American actress and former Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract star, who achieved notability during the 1950s. She has three children, the eldest of whom is actor Lorenzo Lamas.

She is one of the last surviving stars from the Golden Age of Hollywood.




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FYI August 10, 2019

On This Day

1813 – Instituto Nacional, is founded by the Chilean patriot José Miguel Carrera. It is Chile’s oldest and most prestigious school. Its motto is Labor Omnia Vincit, which means “Work conquers all things”.
Instituto Nacional General José Miguel Carrera, often shortened to Instituto Nacional (National Institute), founded on August 10, 1813 by the Chilean patriot José Miguel Carrera, officially Liceo Ex A-0 – Instituto Nacional General José Miguel Carrera, is Chile’s oldest learning institution and its most prestigious school. Its motto is ‘Labor Omnia Vincit’, which means “Hard work conquers all”.

It is an all-male public school teaching 7th and 8th grade of the basic level (Educación Básica) and 1st through 4th grade of the intermediate level (Educación Media). It is located in downtown Santiago, Chile, neighboring the University of Chile’s main campus. The exact location is Arturo Prat #33, Santiago, Chile.

Instituto Nacional is considered by many to be one of the best schools in Chile, and the most prestigious one.[1]



Born On This Day

1905 – Era Bell Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 1986)
Era Bell Thompson (August 10, 1905 – December 30, 1986) was a graduate of the University of North Dakota (UND) and an editor of Ebony magazine. She was also a recipient of the governor of North Dakota’s Roughrider Award. A multicultural center at UND is named after her.

Thompson was born on August 10, 1905 in Des Moines, Iowa,[1] the only daughter of Steward “Tony” Thompson and Mary Logan Thompson, the children of former slaves.

Early years
In 1914, her parents moved Thompson and her three brothers to Driscoll, North Dakota where they were the only black family in the small community, and she and her brothers were often the only African-Americans in the schools they attended. Thompson would find herself in similar situations for much of her youth and into early adulthood. She wrote years later of her ignorance of blacks before she moved to Chicago following her graduation from college.[2]

Thompson graduated from Bismarck High, where she had excelled in sports and pursued journalism, often to cope with the isolation she often felt. She enrolled at the University of North Dakota in 1925, and she excelled in track and field, breaking several school records, tying two national records and earning the distinction of being one of the state’s greatest athletes.[3] However, during her second year of college, an extended bout with pleurisy left her too debilitated to run track and forced her to leave school.

She moved to Chicago and worked in a variety of short-lived clerical jobs before landing one at a magazine. For three months and for a pay of ten dollars a week, she “learned how to run a magazine on hope, patience, and a very worn shoe string; to proofread and write advertising copy—and keep warm by burning magazines in an old fireplace,” Thompson writes in her autobiography. After an illness to her father she was forced to return to North Dakota, where she worked for the Rev.Robert O’Brian family[4] doing chores in exchange for financial support for her and her family

Literary career
She returned to college with the support of the Rev. Robert O’Brian family, and received a B.A. degree from Morningside College in Sioux City, Iowa. Returning to Chicago, she did postgraduate work at Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism.[1][3] Initially unable to find a job in journalism, Thompson worked a number of small clerical jobs while continuing to write small personal writing projects and, thanks in part to a fellowship from Newberry Library,[1] an autobiography. Published in 1946, it is entitled American Daughter.[5][6]

In 1947, Thompson came to the attention of Ebony. She joined the magazine as associate editor. Two years after becoming co-managing editor, she began her foreign reporting in 1953. She was instrumental in shaping Ebony magazine’s vision and guiding its coverage for approximately forty years while serving in a variety of editorial capacities.

In 1954 she published a second book, Africa, Land of My Fathers,[7][8] based on a tour of 18 countries in Africa. Thompson was still listed as an editor of Ebony in 1985, an indication of her longevity with the publication. She was praised for her efforts in promoting both racial and gender understanding. She died in Chicago in 1986.[9]



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