On This Day
296 – Pope Marcellinus begins his papacy.
Pope Marcellinus was the bishop of Rome from 30 June 296 to his death in 304. A historical accusation was levelled at him by some sources to the effect that he might have renounced Christianity during Emperor Diocletian’s persecution of Christians before repenting afterwards, which would explain why he is omitted from lists of martyrs. The accusation is rejected, among others, by Augustine of Hippo. He is today venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church and in the Serbian Orthodox Church.
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1643 – First meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians (“divines”) and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbey in London.
The Westminster Assembly of Divines was a council of divines (theologians) and members of the English Parliament appointed from 1643 to 1653 to restructure the Church of England. Several Scots also attended, and the Assembly’s work was adopted by the Church of Scotland. As many as 121 ministers were called to the Assembly, with nineteen others added later to replace those who did not attend or could no longer attend. It produced a new Form of Church Government, a Confession of Faith or statement of belief, two catechisms or manuals for religious instruction (Shorter and Larger), and a liturgical manual, the Directory for Public Worship, for the Churches of England and Scotland. The Confession and catechisms were adopted as doctrinal standards in the Church of Scotland and other Presbyterian churches, where they remain normative. Amended versions of the Confession were also adopted in Congregational and Baptist churches in England and New England in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The Confession became influential throughout the English-speaking world, but especially in American Protestant theology.
The Assembly was called by the Long Parliament before and during the beginning of the First English Civil War. The Long Parliament was influenced by Puritanism, a religious movement which sought to further reform the church. They were opposed to the religious policies of King Charles I and William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury. As part of a military alliance with Scotland, Parliament agreed that the outcome of the Assembly would bring the English Church into closer conformity with the Church of Scotland. The Scottish Church was governed by a system of elected assemblies of elders called presbyterianism, rather than rule by bishops, called episcopalianism, which was used in the English church. Scottish commissioners attended and advised the Assembly as part of the agreement. Disagreements over church government caused open division in the Assembly, despite attempts to maintain unity. The party of divines who favoured presbyterianism was in the majority, but the congregationalist party, which held greater influence in the military, favoured autonomy for individual congregations rather than the subjection of congregations to regional and national assemblies entailed in presbyterianism. Parliament eventually adopted a presbyterian form of government but lacked the power to implement it. During the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, all of the documents of the Assembly were repudiated and episcopal church government was reinstated in England.
The Assembly worked in the Reformed Protestant theological tradition, also known as Calvinism. It took the Bible as the authoritative word of God, from which all theological reflection must be based. The divines were committed to the Reformed doctrine of predestination — that God chooses certain men to be saved and enjoy eternal life rather than eternal punishment. There was some disagreement at the Assembly over the doctrine of particular redemption — that Christ died only for those chosen for salvation. The Assembly also held to Reformed covenant theology, a framework for interpreting the Bible. The Assembly’s Confession is the first of the Reformed confessions to teach a doctrine called the covenant of works, which teaches that before the fall of man, God promised eternal life to Adam on condition that he perfectly obeyed God.
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1698 – Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine.
Thomas Savery (/ˈseɪvəri/; c. 1650 – 15 May 1715) was an English inventor and engineer. He invented the first commercially used steam-powered device, a steam pump which is often referred to as the “Savery engine”. Savery’s steam pump was a revolutionary method of pumping water, which solved the problem of mine drainage and made widespread public water supply practicable.
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Born On This Day
1286 – John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, English magnate (d. 1347)
John de Warenne (June 1286 – June 1347), 7th Earl of Surrey, was the last Warenne earl of Surrey.
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1553 – Peter Street, English carpenter and builder (d. 1609)
Peter Street (baptised 1 July 1553, died in May 1609) was an English carpenter and builder in London in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. He built the Fortune Playhouse, and probably the Globe Theatre, two significant establishments in the history of the stage in London. He had a part in building King James’s Banqueting House in Whitehall Palace and he may have been responsible for the settings for the king’s royal masques.
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1575 – Elizabeth de Vere, Countess of Derby, English noblewoman and head of state of the Isle of Man (d. 1627)
Elizabeth Stanley (née de Vere), Countess of Derby, Lord of Mann (2 July 1575 – 10 March 1627), was an English noblewoman and the eldest daughter of the Elizabethan courtier and poet Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford.
She was the Lord of Mann from 1612 to 1627, and prior to holding the title, she had taken over many administrative duties appertaining to the Isle of Man’s affairs. Elizabeth was the first female to rule as the island’s head of state.
She served as a Maid of Honour to Queen Elizabeth I of England before her marriage to William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby. Her wedding or (more likely) that of Elizabeth Carey to Thomas, son of Lord Berkeley, was the occasion for the first performance of William Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream.
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NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day
Margaret D. H. Keane (born Peggy Doris Hawkins, September 15, 1927 – June 26, 2022) was an American artist known for her paintings of subjects with big eyes. She mainly painted women, children, or animals in oil or mixed media. The work achieved commercial success through inexpensive reproductions on prints, plates, and cups. It has been critically acclaimed but also criticized as formulaic and cliché. The artwork was originally attributed to Keane’s ex-husband, Walter Keane. After their divorce in the 1960s, Margaret soon claimed credit, which was established after a court “paint-off” in Hawaii.
A resurgence of interest in Margaret Keane’s work followed the release of Tim Burton’s 2014 biopic Big Eyes. She maintained a gallery in San Francisco which boasts “the largest collection of Margaret Keane’s art in the entire world.” In light of the great gulf between her work’s popularity and its critical lampooning, she was sometimes referred to as the “Wayne Newton of the art world.”
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CBS Sunday Morning: From 2014: Margaret Keane and the story behind “Big Eyes”
zefrank1: True Facts: The Beaver
I don’t believe it works in Alaska yet…
By Michael Sheetz, CNBC: FCC authorizes SpaceX to provide mobile Starlink internet service to boats, planes and trucks
By Sarah Kuta, Smithsonian: The Man Who Invented Water Skiing One hundred years ago, Ralph Samuelson successfully skied across the waters of Lake Pepin
Jack CarrUSA: Behind the Scenes of The Terminal List: An Audiobook Preview
By Shawna Chen, Axios: Discovery of 1955 warrant in Emmett Till’s murder sparks calls for arrest
By Madlin Mekelburg, Austin American-Statesman: ‘Magical thinking’: Gov. Abbott says he will ‘eliminate all rapists,’ defends Texas abortion law
By Michele Debczak, Mental Floss: From Fries to Tots: A Delicious History of Fried Potatoes
By Margherita Cole, My Modern Met: Japanese Food Artist Makes Crystal Clear Desserts With Delicious Treats You Can See Inside
By Mike Pomranz, Food & Wine: Taco Bell’s Latest Tostada Features a Giant Cheez-It The Cheez-It base is 16-times larger than the original snack cracker.
NanoAvionics: Our first 4K satellite selfie using a deployable GoPro camera
By JIM MUSTIAN, AP News: FBI opens investigation into sexual abuse in the Roman Catholic Church in New Orleans; probe is latest in a series of scandals at archdioceses
askReddit: What improved your life so much, you wished you did sooner?
By Rupendra Brahambhatt, Interesting Engineering: In a world-first, scientists create eco-friendly cement from algae The era of sustainable construction has arrived.
The Guardian: Urban Wildlife Photography Awards 2022: in pictures
By Connie Guglielmo, CNET: Steve Jobs Knew iPhone Would Be Iconic. More Than 2 Billion Phones Later, He Was Right Commentary: Apple’s co-founder knew the iPhone would change everything, from the moment he took the stage. I was there to witness history.
James Clear: 3-2-1: The value of questions, the power of small acts, and how life rewards courage
Payette Forward: 6 Hacks To Stop iPhone Spam Calls — Scammers Hate #4!
Payette Forward: 9 Hacks To Stop iPhone Spam TEXTS — Scammers Hate #5!
Buddy Brown: JULY 4TH is KRYPTONITE to DEMOCRATS!
Best of The History Guy: Aviation Disasters
Team Never Quit: Hell is a Continuous, Everlasting Trauma
Colion Noir: Top 5 Reasons You NEED An AR-15
Mike Force Podcast: Eva zu Beck | EP. 076
Eva is a full-time adventurer, traveler, and YouTuber. She has been traveling solo for 4 years to countries like Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, and Mongolia. She is currently traveling through the US in her Land Rover Defender (which she lives out of) with plans of driving up towards Alaska.
Civil Terror Gridlock J. Luke Bennecke
Terrorists hack and weaponize the new self-driving car network designed by engineer Jake Bendel, forcing him to partner with a rogue FBI agent to stop a larger national attack. An intense thriller with a plausible scenario from a real-life traffic engineer about artificial intelligence and the self-driving revolution.
“Fans of smart, fast-paced thrillers, like those by Clive Cussler and Tom Clancy, will gravitate towards Civil Terror: Gridlock.” – Auto Newsblaster Free on Kindle.
Message from Blu: “Never regret giving. Give with your whole heart. If you get burnt by the receiver, it was worth it just to find out who they really are. Move on, give again, be you. Always be you! It’s okay to wear your heart on your sleeve, the right person needs to see that it’s there.”
By pojken: Magical No Dip, One-Hand, Tri-String, Continuous Feed, Mega Bubble Wand
Soap Bubble Wiki
By JGMatt: Working 1-Watt 50mm LED
Joan Reeves: Saturday Recipe Share: Cheesy Zucchini Casserole
By andimadethings: Frozen Strawberry Lemonade Cheesecake Pops
By Momos75: Blackberry Hand Pie Ice Cream Sandwiche
By Handy_Bear: French Chocolate Mousse (Mousse Au Chocolat)
Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.
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Welcome to the Stump the Bookseller blog!
Stump the Bookseller is a service offered by Loganberry Books to reconnect people to the books they love but can’t quite remember. In brief (for more detailed information see our About page), people can post their memories here, and the hivemind goes to work. After all, the collective mind of bibliophiles, readers, parents and librarians around the world is much better than just a few of us thinking. Together with these wonderful Stumper Magicians, we have a nearly 50% success rate in finding these long lost but treasured books. The more concrete the book description, the better the success rate, of course. It is a labor of love to keep it going, and there is a modest fee. Please see the How To page to find price information and details on how to submit your Book Stumper and payment.
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