Category: FYI


FYI October 23, 2019

On This Day

1939 – The Japanese Mitsubishi G4M twin-engine “Betty” Bomber makes its maiden flight.
The Mitsubishi G4M (long designation: Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 attack bomber: 一式陸上攻撃機, 一式陸攻 Ichishiki rikujō kōgeki ki, Ichishikirikkō) was the main twin-engine, land-based bomber used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service in World War II. The Allies gave the G4M the reporting name Betty. Japanese Navy pilots called it Hamaki (葉巻, “cigar”, lit. “leaf roll”) due to its cylindrical shape.

The G4M had very good performance, especially in operational range; this was achieved by its structural lightness and an almost total lack of protection for the crew, with no armor plating or self-sealing fuel tanks. These omissions proved to be the aircraft’s weakness when confronted with American fighter aircraft during the Pacific War.[1]



Born On This Day

1894 – Emma Vyssotsky, American astronomer and academic (d. 1975)
Emma Vyssotsky (October 23, 1894 – May 12, 1975[1]), born Emma T. R. Williams in Media, Pennsylvania was an American astronomer.

She received a Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard College in 1930. She spent her career at the McCormick Observatory of the University of Virginia, where her speciality was the motion of stars and the kinematics of the Milky Way.

She married the Russian-born astronomer Alexander N. Vyssotsky in 1929. They had one son, Victor A. Vyssotsky (a mathematician and computer scientist), who was involved in the Multics project and creator of the Darwin computer game.


She was awarded the Annie J. Cannon Award in Astronomy by the American Astronomical Society in 1946.[2]



The Passive Voice: Small Claims Copyright ‘CASE Act’ Passes US House of Representatives; I Will Not Tell You Where To Get Free Forms Online and more ->
Fast Company Compass: The year’s best microphotographs capture a world our eyes can’t see From tulip buds to Vitamin C, there’s immense beauty in the natural world that usually remains hidden. More ->
The Rural Blog: GAO says employees of BLM and other federal agencies routinely face threats, assault; calls for safety measures; Cable, satellite firms protest consolidation of low-power stations in small market; buyers snap up newspapers, too and more ->
Carol At Make A Living Writing: Travel Writing: 6 Assignment-Seeking Tips from a Digital Nomad
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: 13 Life-Learnings from 13 Years of Brain Pickings
Open Culture: Behold the New York City Street Tree Map: An Interactive Map That Catalogues the 700,000 Trees Shading the Streets of New York City and more ->
By Cari Shane, OZY: If We Want Women to Report Domestic Violence, We Need Different Cops
Why you should care
Who is on the other end of the 911 call matters.

By Alison Langley, OZY: How This Long, Meandering Highway in Germany Beats the Autobahn
Why you should care
If you have the patience, this sleepy route rewards with views, history and special stops.

By Addison Nugent, OZY: A Ghostly Visit, or a Computer-Savvy Prankster? You Decide
Why you should care
This haunted machine tells a convoluted story.





FYI October 22, 2019

On This Day

451 – The Chalcedonian Creed, regarding the divine and human nature of Jesus, is adopted.
The Chalcedonian Definition (also called the Chalcedonian Creed) was adopted at the Council of Chalcedon in AD 451. Chalcedon was an early centre of Christianity located in Asia Minor (modern Turkey). The council was the fourth of the Ecumenical Councils that are accepted by Chalcedonian churches which include the Eastern Orthodox, Catholic, and most Protestant churches. It was the first council not to be recognised by any Oriental Orthodox church; these churches may be classified as non-Chalcedonian.



Born On This Day

1897 – Marjorie Flack, American author and illustrator (d. 1958)
Marjorie Flack (22 October 1897 – August 29, 1958)[1][2] was an American artist and writer of children’s picture books. Flack was born in Greenport, Long Island, New York in 1897.[3] She was best known for The Story about Ping (1933), illustrated by Kurt Wiese, popularized by Captain Kangaroo,[1] and for her stories of an insatiably curious Scottish terrier named Angus, who was actually her dog. Her first marriage was to artist Karl Larsson; she later married poet William Rose Benét.

Her book Angus Lost was featured prominently in the movie Ask the Dust (2006), starring Colin Farrell and Salma Hayek, in which Farrell’s character teaches Hayek’s character, a Mexican, to read English using Flack’s book.

Marjorie Flack’s grandson, Tim Barnum, and his wife, Darlene Enix-Barnum, currently sponsor an annual creative writing award at Anne Arundel Community College. The award, called The Marjorie Flack Award for Fiction, consists of a $250 prize for the best short story or children’s storybook written by a current AACC student.



By Steve Pokin, Springfield News-Leader: Pokin Around: Eugene Gilbreath, World War II paratrooper, dies at 94; ‘He was pure class’
By Steve Pokin, Springfield News-Leader: Pokin Around: Who needs a raise when you can have a byline? A brief history of bylines
By Darran Simon and Sheena Jones, CNN: An African American security guard fired after he asked a student to not call him the n-word is ‘back’
By The Associated Press: A mob lynching of 4 black sharecroppers in 1946 is focus of court battle over grand jury secrecy The young black sharecroppers were being driven along a rural road when they were stopped by a white mob beside the Apalachee River, just over 50 miles east of Atlanta.
One bullet.
By CBSAP: A Colorado mother said her daughter had a terminal illness. She’s now accused of her murder.
By Jordan Rimpela, Grassroots Motorsports: Lemons Announces Rally, Concours d’Lemons and Australia/New Zealand Dates
The Rural Blog: Weekly editor-publisher, one of several speakers at Nov. 15 workshop on Covering Substance Abuse and Recovery, tells why and how she covers it, and why you should too; County-level map shows estimates of rural food insecurity; New Yorkers offer bills to revamp, raise rural funding, create Rural Future Corps to send youth to rural areas, maybe stay and more ->
Little House Big Alaska: 100 Things You Can do to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint
Kings River Life: George the Giant’s Strange Museum of Oddities and Wonder—Year 2
Webneel: Color Pop Visual Delight Creative Advertising Photography Ideas By Tim Tadder
Open Culture: Found: A Long Lost Chapter from the World’s Oldest Novel, the 11th-Century Japanese Classic, The Tale of Genji; The First Faked Photograph (1840); The Story of Ziggy Stardust Gets Chronicled in a New Graphic Novel, Featuring a Forward by Neil Gaiman and more ->
Chuck Wendig Terrible Minds: Sharp Rock, Soft Pillow: The Balance Of Self-Care And Tough Love

Zat Rana:
Here is the new essay of the week:

How Your Identity Makes the World a Worse Place – The self is an individual experience; an identity is a shared label. Most people who are attached to an identity limit the agency of the self, which I argue has its root in the fear of pain. Thoughts on why what most people think of as selflessness is usually selfishness (Pocket).

Here is another piece that I wrote:

Is Success a Product of Luck or Agency? – If the laws of physics deem something to be possible in the future, the only constraint to any kind of success is knowledge. Here I touch on how knowledge is earned through both luck and agency (Pocket).

A quote that I’ve been pondering:

“It has often been said that power corrupts. But it is perhaps equally important to realize that weakness, too, corrupts. Power corrupts the few, while weakness corrupts the many. Hatred, malice, rudeness, intolerance, and suspicion are the faults of weakness… When it is their power to do so, the weak destroy weakness wherever they see it.” – Eric Hoffer

A book that I’ve been enjoying:

A General Theory of Love – This is an interdisciplinary study of love. I’d vaguely understood the science of parent-children relationships and how they shape the way we connect with others, but the focus on how the limbic brain synchronizes people’s nervous systems was fresh and fascinating. I liked it more than I thought I would.

An idea that I’ve been playing with:

Most superficialities people strive for are useful but not interesting. Money, power, prestige all have value. It’s not immoral to pursue them. In many cases, it may even be important. But when these things are pursued as ends, you sacrifice your natural, inner curiosity, not realizing until it’s too late. Pursuing interestingness is more fun.

An interesting question to think about:

How many opinions do you accept simply because you fear saying “I don’t know”?

As always, thoughts and criticisms are more than welcome, too.
Talk soon,
Zat Rana



By Kevin Byrne: Zombie Attack: How to Create a Zombie Horde

By When Geeks Craft: Skyrim Chillrend Prop Sword Made of Epoxy Resin


By In The Kitchen With Matt: White Pasta Sauce
By mikeasaurus: Raw Meat Rice Krispies
By glennederveen: Easy 2 Ingredient Candied Orange
By RCEM: Far From Home Pineapple Lumps




FYI October 21, 2019

On This Day

1824 – Portland cement is patented.
Portland cement is the most common type of cement in general use around the world as a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar, stucco, and non-specialty grout. It was developed from other types of hydraulic lime in England in the mid 19th century, and usually originates from limestone. It is a fine powder, produced by heating limestone and clay minerals in a kiln to form clinker, grinding the clinker, and adding 2 to 3 percent of gypsum. Several types of Portland cement are available. The most common, called ordinary Portland cement (OPC), is grey, but white Portland cement is also available. Its name is derived from its similarity to Portland stone which was quarried on the Isle of Portland in Dorset, England. It was named by Joseph Aspdin who obtained a patent for it in 1824. However, his son William Aspdin is regarded as the inventor of “modern” Portland cement due to his developments in the 1840s.[1]

Portland cement is caustic, so it can cause chemical burns.[2] The powder can cause irritation or, with severe exposure, lung cancer, and can contain some hazardous components, such as crystalline silica and hexavalent chromium. Environmental concerns are the high energy consumption required to mine, manufacture, and transport the cement, and the related air pollution, including the release of greenhouse gases (e.g., carbon dioxide), dioxin, NOx, SO2, and particulates. The production of Portland cement contributes to about 10% of world carbon dioxide emission.[3] To meet the rising global population, the International Energy Agency estimated that the cement production is set to increase between 12 to 23% by 2050.[4] There are several ongoing researches targeting a suitable replacement of Portland cement by supplementary cementitious materials.[5]

The low cost and widespread availability of the limestone, shales, and other naturally-occurring materials used in Portland cement make it one of the lowest-cost materials widely used over the last century. Concrete produced from Portland cement is one of the world’s most versatile construction materials.



Born On This Day

1874 – Tan Kah Kee, Chinese businessman, community leader, communist and philanthropist (d.1961)
Tan Kah Kee (21 October 1874 – 12 August 1961), also known as Chen Jiageng, was a Chinese businessman, community leader and philanthropist active in Southeast Asia, Hong Kong, and various Chinese cities such as Shanghai, Xiamen, and Guangzhou. A prominent figure in the overseas Chinese community in Southeast Asia in the 20th century, he was responsible for gathering much support from the community to aid China in major events such as the Xinhai Revolution (1911), the Kuomintang’s Northern Expedition (1926–28), and the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–45). Apart from donating most of his assets and earnings to aid China in those major events, Tan set up funds in Southeast Asia and Hong Kong and contributed to the establishment of several schools in Southeast Asia and China’s Fujian Province, including Xiamen University.




By Jerry Portwood, Rolling Stone: David Byrne’s ‘American Utopia’: A Heady Swirl of Hope for Our Anxious Times The concert-theater-dance spectacle on Broadway finds solace in human connections — with plenty of drum beats
By Sun Staff: GCC Professor’s Paintings Illustrate New Children’s Book
By Marisa Abeyta, Beyond Bylines: Blog Profiles: Science Blogs
By Evan Barbour Grippi Keyword Contributor, Google: 13 ways to conjure up a spooky smart home this Halloween
By Matt Simon, Wired: The Bizarre Aye-Aye Isn’t Giving Us the Finger After All The primate uses its long middle finger to fish for grubs. But scientists just discovered its “pseudothumb,” meaning it’s got six digits, not five.
By Aristos Georgiou, Newsweek: This Giant Toad Mimics a Deadly Venomous Viper With the World’s Longest Snake Fangs to Avoid Being Eaten
By Ruth Porat: Breast cancer and tech…a reason for optimism
By Christine Schmidt: From newsroom to newsletter: How local journalists are DIYing important coverage via email
By Sam Blanchard For Mailonline: Listen to the world’s loudest bird call EVER: Amazonian white bellbird sets record with a deafening 125dB screech louder than a chainsaw or a car horn
The Rural Blog: West Virginia governor still involved in running family’s billion-dollar businesses, though he promised he wouldn’t; Daily asked 10 tiny towns in N.D. and Minn. to see how well they responded to information requests; only 6 complied; Some states consider ways to fund local news, but critics worry it could undermine the news media’s watchdog role and more ->
Today’s email was written by Stevie Borrello, edited by Annaliese Griffin, and produced by Tori Smith. Quartz Obsession: Black holes: Are the answers within?
Caffeinated Reviewer: Sunday Post #391 It’s Cold, No, It’s Hot
The Passive Voice: Browsewrap enforceable: hyperlinked terms on defendant’s website gave reasonable notice; The 30 Scariest Author Website Mistakes And How To Fix Them and more->
Open Culture: Meet Viola Smith, the World’s Oldest Drummer: Her Career Started in the 1930s, and She’s Still Playing at 106; The Best of the Edward Gorey Envelope Art Contest; The Internet Archive Makes 2,500 More Classic MS-DOS Video Games Free to Play Online: Alone in the Dark, Doom, Microsoft Adventure, and Others. More ->
Kathryn’s Report: Piper PA-24 Comanche, N7742P: Fatal accident occurred October 20, 2019 at Angel Fire Airport (KAXX), Colfax County, New Mexico and more ->
GlacierHub Newsletter — Oct. 21, 2019: Nichols College researcher Mauri Pelto analyzes the retreat of Taku Glacier, the largest outlet glacier in Alaska’s Juneau Icefield. More ->
Fast Company Compass: This man is disrupting the cult of the billionaire; Why cord cutting is a privacy minefield; Your complete guide to dark mode on all devices, apps, and websites and more ->
MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCLXXIV): Waiting room with TV sets at Greyhound bus station, Los Angeles, USA, 1969; Before McDonald’s there was “Snappy Service System”; Jeep in a box. With easy instructions.; Muccia Prada’s Slide that she Uses Everyday to Leave the Office; Murder in Paradise: The Tale of the Baroness and the Bohemians; Extreme skier Doug Coombs going down a steep slope, 1989; Baby Octopuses and more ->


By danthemakerman: Giant 6 Foot Skull and Skeleton Hands
By mcorbin: Halloween Garage Door Silhouette
By Renard_Bleu: Tree Monster
By CarlosRubioArt: How to Carve a Realistic Face on a Pumpkin


By The Juliart: Hocus Pocus Spellbook Cake / Halloween Cake
By SemadarG: Zombie Mouth Cupcake
By Garden Girl Recipes: Red Velvet Brain Cake
By KitchenMason: Easy No Bake Bloody Chocolate Spider Web Tart
By KitchenMason: How to Make Easy ‘Bloody’ Surprise Halloween Cupcakes
By Hank Shaw, Hunter Angler Gardener Cook: Venison Pierogis
The Frayed Apron: Miracle Chicken and Zucchini

Little House Big Alaska: Pan de Muertos for Day of the Dead



FYI October 20, 2019

On This Day

1818 – The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom, which settles the Canada–United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
The Convention respecting fisheries, boundary and the restoration of slaves between the United States and the United Kingdom, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, is an international treaty signed in 1818 between the above parties. Signed during the presidency of James Monroe, it resolved standing boundary issues between the two nations. The treaty allowed for joint occupation and settlement of the Oregon Country, known to the British and in Canadian history as the Columbia District of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and including the southern portion of its sister district New Caledonia.

The two nations agreed to a boundary line involving the 49th parallel north, in part because a straight-line boundary would be easier to survey than the pre-existing boundaries based on watersheds. The treaty marked both the United Kingdom’s last permanent major loss of territory in what is now the Continental United States and the United States’ only permanent significant cession of North American territory to a foreign power. The British ceded all of Rupert’s Land south of the 49th parallel and east of the Continental Divide, including all of the Red River Colony south of that latitude, while the United States ceded the northernmost edge of the Missouri Territory north of the 49th parallel.



Born On This Day

1937 – Wanda Jackson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
Wanda Lavonne Jackson (born October 20, 1937) is a retired American singer, songwriter, pianist and guitarist who had success in the mid-1950s and 1960s as one of the first popular female rockabilly singers, and a pioneering rock-and-roll artist.[2] She is known to many as the “Queen of Rockabilly” or the “First Lady of Rockabilly”.[3]

Jackson mixed country music with fast-moving rockabilly, often recording them on opposite sides of a record.[4] As rockabilly declined in popularity in the mid-1960s, she moved to a successful career in mainstream country music with a string of hits between 1966 and 1973, including “Tears Will Be the Chaser for Your Wine”, “A Woman Lives for Love” and “Fancy Satin Pillows”.

She had a resurgence in popularity in the 1980s among rockabilly revivalists in Europe and younger Americana fans. In 2009, she was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in the category Early Influence.[5][6]

On March 27, 2019, Jackson announced her official retirement from performing.[7]




Vector’s World: Nautical Packard; Side Cars and more ->
Jezebel: Mississippi’s New Emmett Till Memorial Had to Be Bulletproof; Saturday Night Social: The World Giraffe Population Is Up By One and more->
Jalopnik: Watch Divers Explore An Underwater Playground Of Cars And Boats; This Historic Vehicle Association Just Picked The Dumbest Hill To Die On and more ->
The Old Motor: Four Fun Friday Kodachrome Car Photographs No. 226
By Molly Fosco, OZY: This Former Sex Crimes Prosecutor Keeps Harassment Out of Her Kitchens
Why you should care
Because she’s taking the “bro culture”’ out of the food industry.

By Addison Nugent, OZY: She Outsold Dickens, So Why Don’t We Know Her Name?
Why you should care
Marie Corelli melded Victorian ideas of technology, melodrama and the occult into her novels, yet nobody reads her anymore.

Gastro Obscura: Fields of Chopsticks; Coffee-Eating Beetles and more ->
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Autumn Light: Pico Iyer on Finding Beauty in Impermanence and Luminosity in Loss; How to Disappear: The Art of Listening to Silence in a Noisy World and more ->




Food Network: Butternut Squash Lasagna




FYI October 19, 2019

On This Day

1900 – Max Planck discovers Planck’s law of black-body radiation.
Planck’s law describes the spectral density of electromagnetic radiation emitted by a black body in thermal equilibrium at a given temperature T, when there is no net flow of matter or energy between the body and its environment.[1]

At the end of the 19th century, physicists were unable to explain why the observed spectrum of black body radiation, which by then had been accurately measured, diverged significantly at higher frequencies from that predicted by existing theories. In 1900, Max Planck heuristically derived a formula for the observed spectrum by assuming that a hypothetical electrically charged oscillator in a cavity that contained black-body radiation could only change its energy in a minimal increment, E, that was proportional to the frequency of its associated electromagnetic wave. This resolved the problem of the ultraviolet catastrophe predicted by classical physics.

It was a pioneering insight of modern physics and is of fundamental importance to quantum theory.



Born On This Day

1942 – Andrew Vachss, American lawyer and author
Andrew Henry Vachss (born October 19, 1942) is an American crime fiction author, child protection consultant, and attorney exclusively representing children and youths.[1]

Vachss’ last name rhymes with “tax”.[2]

He grew up in Manhattan on the Lower West Side.[3]




By Zamira Rahim, Independent: Black security guard fired after asking student not to use racial slur More than 1,000 pupils walk out of classes to protest dismissal
Mr Anderson said he was left overwhelmed by the response from pupils defending him.

“It got me a little emotional, because to be honest, you don’t get that type of response from people until you’re in a casket,” he said.
Ernie at Tedium: Historic Digital Places
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Every Atom Belonging to Me as Good Belongs to You: Whitman’s Immortal Words, Illustrated in Stunning Cyanotype


Coleen’s Recipes: ROASTED ALMONDS
My Recipe Treasures: Air Fried French Fries, Healthy Pumpkin Energy Bites




FYI October 18, 2019

On This Day

1356 – The Basel earthquake is the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps.
The 1356 Basel earthquake is the most significant seismological event to have occurred in Central Europe in recorded history[1] and had a moment magnitude in the range of 6.0–7.1.[2] This earthquake, which occurred on October 18, 1356, is also known as the Séisme de la Saint-Luc, as 18 October is the feast day of Saint Luke the Evangelist.



Born On This Day

1874 – Christine Murrell, English medical doctor, first female member of the British Medical Association’s Central Council (d. 1933)
Christine Mary Murrell (18 October 1874 – 18 October 1933)[1] was an English medical doctor. In 1924, she became the first female member of the British Medical Association’s Central Council.

Early life and education
Murrell was born in 1874 in Clapham, London. Her parents were Charles Murrell, a coal merchant, and Alice Elizabeth Rains.[1] She attended Clapham High School for Girls and the London School of Medicine for Women, receiving an MBBS in 1899.[2] She spent the beginning of her career in various positions in Northumberland and Liverpool before returning to London to work at the Royal Free Hospital,[1] where she was only the second woman to serve as a house physician.[3] In 1903, she established a private practice in Bayswater with her friend Elizabeth Honor Bone. Murrell received an MD in psychology and mental diseases from the University of London in 1905. From 1907, she led an infant welfare clinic run by the St Marylebone Health Society at Lisson Grove for 18 years.[1]

Murrell was also an activist for women’s rights, and was involved in the women’s suffrage movement before the First World War. During the war, she served in and became chair of the Women’s Emergency Corps. She gave public lectures on women’s health for 20 years at the London County Council, and in 1923 she published a series of lectures under the title Womanhood and Health. In 1925, she and Letitia Fairfield conducted a survey of girls’ experiences of menstruation; the findings were published in The Lancet in 1930.[1]

Murrell served on various committees of the British Medical Association, and in 1924 she became the first woman elected to its Central Council; she sat on the council for nine years, until her death.[2] She was the fifth president of the Medical Women’s Federation, from 1926 to 1928. In September 1933, she was the first female representative elected to the General Medical Council, but she died on 18 October 1933 before taking her seat.[1][3]



Vectorville: Volvo grocery getter; At the ready; Bleacher seats and more->
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The Rural Blog: Judge blocks Trump administration plan to weaken sage grouse protections, open up habitat to extraction industries; Study blames some West Texas earthquakes on fracking; U.S. authorities guarding against African swine fever and more ->
SLATE: The Lines of Code That Changed Everything Apollo 11, the JPEG, the first pop-up ad, and 33 other bits of software that have transformed our world.
Texas Monthly: Shawn Colvin: “Since I Was Five Years Old, Music Saved My Life, Over And Over”; The Creator of Amazon’s ‘Undone’ on the Animation Style Born in Texas; The 12 Most Dangerous Critters in Texas and more ->
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By David Sherry, Creative Caffeine: Here’s a cheesy email to hit your inbox. I really care about this newsletter community and all of the responses I get every week. Apologies if I take awhile to respond. I do read every one. More ->
by Rachael Lubarsky, Scary Mommy: All The Stuff We Keep Adding To Our Amazon Carts

Ernie At Tedium: After After Hours
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Gastro Obscura: Japanese Fortune Cookies; America’s ‘Diner Man’ and more ->


A Taste of Alaska: Roasted Broccoli Salad




FYI October 17, 2019

On This Day

1091 – London tornado of 1091: A tornado thought to be of strength T8/F4 strikes the heart of London.
The London Tornado of 1091 is reckoned by modern assessment of the reports as possibly a T8 tornado (roughly equal to an F4 tornado) which occurred in London in the Kingdom of England and was the earliest reported tornado in that area, occurring on Friday, 17 October 1091.[1] The wooden London Bridge was demolished, and the church of St. Mary-le-Bow in the city of London was badly damaged; four rafters 26 feet (7.9 m) long were driven into the ground with such force that only 4 feet (1.2 m) protruded above the surface. Other churches in the area were demolished, as were over 600 (mostly wooden) houses. For all the damage inflicted, the tornado claimed just two known victims from a population of about 18,000.[2][3]

William II of England was King at the time of the tornado; it is unknown if he was present in the area during the storm.


Born On This Day

1864 – Elinor Glyn, English author, screenwriter, and producer (d. 1943)
Elinor Glyn (née Sutherland; 17 October 1864 – 23 September 1943) was a British novelist and scriptwriter who specialised in romantic fiction, which was considered scandalous for its time, although her works are relatively tame by modern standards. She popularized the concept of the It-girl, and had tremendous influence on early 20th-century popular culture and, possibly, on the careers of notable Hollywood stars such as Rudolph Valentino, Gloria Swanson and, especially, Clara Bow.



By Anne Woodyatt, CNN: Former Nazi guard, 93, to stand trial in Germany over thousands of camp murders
By Alex Johnson, NBC News: Family Circle, a pillar of women’s magazines, will shut down after 87 years The publication becomes the third of the once-dominant Seven Sisters of women’s magazines to close, joining Ladies’ Home Journal and McCall’s.
By Thomas Ricker, The Verge: Arlo’s Video Doorbell shows both faces and packages Heads, shoulders, knees, and toes, too
By Elisha Fieldstadt, NBC News: Ex-Florida officer who fatally shot retired librarian during drill gets no jail time The 73-year-old woman who had volunteered to participate in a police demonstration was shot and killed in front of about three dozen people, including her husband.
The family of Knowlton, a retired librarian and mother of two grown sons, received a more than $2 million settlement, approved by the Punta Gorda City Council.
By Haiman Lee, Product Manager: 15 years of Google Books
By Ian Cohen, The Ringer: How ‘Almost Famous’ Foretold the Future of Music Journalism
What about the $1.50 Polish Dogs? Waa
By Nathaniel Meyersohn, CNN Business: It’s only $4.99. But Costco’s rotisserie chicken comes at a huge price
By Webneel: Dandelions or Animals – Beautiful Photoshop Manipulation Works by Phuoc Nguyen
The Rural Blog: Rural Wisconsin doctor in largely Amish and Mennonite town sees some of the world’s rarest genetic diseases; Stunning American entries among winners of annual wildlife photography contest and more ->
The Passive Voice: Mondegreen; The Diatomist and more->
Open Culture: How to Paint Like Willem De Kooning: Watch Visual Primers from the Museum of Modern Art; Joni Mitchell Publishes a Book of Her Rarely Seen Paintings & Poetry and more ->
Kathryn’s Report: Cessna 421 Golden Eagle, N731PF: Fatal accident occurred September 29, 2019 in DeLand, Volusia County, Florida and more ->
By Thryn, HackerNoon: A guide to giving your cats their annual performance review
News from Science: 3000-year-old toolkit suggests skilled warriors crossed Europe to fight an epic battle; ‘Bingo!’ In a remarkable first, humpback whales spotted using their fins to scoop up fish; Fast new 3D printing method creates objects as big as an adult human and more ->
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: FROM THE ARCHIVE (2015) | The Well of Being: An Extraordinary Children’s Book for Grownups about the Art of Living with Openhearted Immediacy
Phil Are Go: 2019 Then & Now Car Show, Lake Forest, IL. – Pt. 2
Fast Company Compass: 16 incredibly useful things you didn’t know YouTube could do; The pope’s first wearable is a $110 rosary that tracks your prayers and more ->





By Yoshinok: $10 Smartphone to Digital Microscope Conversion!
By M.C. Langer: Classroom Activity: Make a Motorized Cardboard Dinosaur
By The NiftyNerd: Nerf Gun Obstacle Course


By Food Network: Our Top 50 Halloween Recipes Throw a party with these Halloween party treats and easy Halloween snacks
By Hank Shaw, Hunter Angler Gardener Cook: Deviled Kidneys
New Life On A Homestead: Traditional Scottish Shortbread Step by Step




FYI October 16, 2019

On This Day

690 – Empress Wu Zetian ascends to the throne of the Tang dynasty and proclaims herself ruler of the Chinese Empire.
Wu Zetian (17 February 624 – 16 December 705),[1][2] alternatively named Wu Zhao, Wu Hou (Empress Wu), during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou, in English as Empress Consort Wu, was a Chinese sovereign who ruled unofficially as empress consort, power behind the throne, and later officially as regent, empress dowager, empress regnant. For twenty-five years, she worked as a co-ruler of her husband and sons and for 15 years she worked in her own name (皇帝) during the brief Zhou dynasty (周, 690–705),[1] which interrupted the Tang dynasty. Wu was the sole officially recognized empress regnant of China in more than two millennia.

Wu was the concubine of Emperor Taizong. After his death, she married his successor—his ninth son, Emperor Gaozong, officially becoming Gaozong’s huanghou (皇后, empress consort, title for the reigning emperor’s main consort) in 655, although having considerable political power prior to this. After Gaozong’s debilitating stroke in 660, Wu Zetian became administrator of the court, a position equal to the emperor’s until 705.[3]

The importance to history of Wu Zetian’s period of political and military leadership includes the major expansion of the Chinese empire, extending it far beyond its previous territorial limits, deep into Central Asia, and engaging in a series of wars on the Korean Peninsula, first allying with Silla against Goguryeo, and then against Silla over the occupation of former Goguryeo territory. Within China, besides the more direct consequences of her struggle to gain and maintain supreme power, Wu’s leadership resulted in important effects regarding social class in Chinese society and in relation to state support for Taoism, Buddhism, education, and literature. Wu Zetian also had a monumental impact upon the statuary of the Longmen Grottoes and the “Wordless Stele” at the Qianling Mausoleum, as well as the construction of some major buildings and bronze castings that no longer survive.

Besides her career as a political leader, Wu Zetian also had an active family life. Although family relationships sometimes became problematic, Wu Zetian was the mother of four sons, three of whom also carried the title of emperor, although one held that title only as a posthumous honor. One of her grandsons became the renowned Emperor Xuanzong of Tang.



Born On This Day

1908 – Olivia Coolidge, English-American author and educator (d. 2006)[11]
Margaret Olivia Ensor Coolidge (October 16, 1908[1] − December 10, 2006[2]) was a British-born American writer and educator. She published 27 books, many for young adults, including The Greek Myths (1949), her debut; The Trojan War (1952); Legends of the North (1951); Makers of the Red Revolution (1963); Men of Athens, one runner-up for the 1963 Newbery Medal; Lives of Famous Romans (1965); and biographies of Eugene O’Neill, Winston Churchill, Edith Wharton, Gandhi, and Tom Paine. Olivia Coolidge was born in London to Sir Robert Ensor, a journalist and historian. She earned a degree in Classics and Philosophy at Somerville College, Oxford, in 1931 and a Master’s degree in 1940. In Germany, England and the U.S. she taught Greek, Latin, and English. In 1946 she married Archibald C. Coolidge of Connecticut, who had four children. [2]



By Hank Berrien, The Daily Wire: Pat Sajak Offers Two Tweets Hilariously Summing Up Dem Presidential Debate


By Hazel Cills, Jezebel: Woman Sues San Antonio Police For Pulling Out Her Tampon During a Search

“And in 2017 Texas cops searched a woman’s vagina, inserting fingers into it, for 11 minutes and found nothing”

the entire article is a dark read but this……..i dont understand superiors who read what their officer did and think, “yes, yes, this individual should continue to be under my employment. in fact i will fight ANYONE who says otherwise.”
 ‘Women That Would Gladly Give Their Life’: How The Paramilitary Women’s Emergency Brigade Battled GM At The UAW’s First Big Strike; Walking ‘Contingency’ Is My Favorite Part Of Watching Off-Road Races and more ->

Gizmodo: My Brain Needs This Hack That Syncs Your Car’s Windshield Wipers to the Beat of Your Music; A New Skill Could Let Smart Speakers Monitor a Sleeping Baby’s Breathing and Movement and more ->

Gizmodo Science: Democrat and Republican Voters Agree: Schools Need to Teach Sex Ed; Lego’s New Dinosaur Fossils Turn Your Desk Into a Miniature Natural History Museum; In Unprecedented Move, London Police Ban Extinction Rebellion Climate Protests Throughout Entire City and more ->

Atlas Obscura: Jenn Smith’s First Journey; Towboat Triumphs and Tribulations and more ->
I just want to send a quick note and say “Thank you!” Because of all the pre-orders for Dark Pattern (The Naturalist #4), we launched yesterday at #1 in Medical Thrillers, Amateur Sleuths and Serial Killers! There’s nothing like calling up you mom and saying that your #1 in Serial Killers…

If you haven’t had a chance to check the book out, here’s the link:

If you’ve read the book and think others might enjoy Theo as well, it would mean the world to me if your wrote a review on Amazon:

Talking about writing sharks, etc…
I hopped on Periscope and did a couple live streams yesterday to talk about writing, etc. Here’s a link to one of them:

Thank you!


Carol At Make A Living Writing: Content Writing Jobs: 10 Handy Places to Get Hired Online

The Passive Voice: Bezos will ‘break up his own company’ before regulators do; Dav Pilkey credits his ADHD for his massive success; Amazon’s Fourteen Leadership Principles and more ->


James Clear: Happy 1st Birthday, Atomic Habits!

Open Culture: Stream Dozens of Classic & Contemporary Horror Movies Free Online in October; How Magazine Pages Were Created Before Computers: A Veteran of the London Review of Books Demonstrates the Meticulous, Manual Process; Watch a Newly-Created “Epilogue” For Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey and more ->

Nov. 1 is deadline to seek four-month, $15,000 fellowship for in-depth accountability reporting project in Appalachia; Climate shift may force some state birds out of their states; Small-time hemp farmers forming cooperatives, fear new industry will consolidate like rest of agriculture and more ->The Rural Blog:


By ModMischief: Halloween Monster House
By SilkeC2: Nespresso Medusa Capsule Holder


By FancyNancyAnn: Dark Chocolate Espresso Caramels With Sea Salt
A Taste of Alaska: Beef Wellington
By Sarah Cook, Sustainable Cooks: Pressure Cooker Caramelized Onions
All Day I Dream About Food: Bacon Cheddar Ranch Biscuits – Keto Recipe




FYI October 15, 2019

On This Day

1582 – Adoption of the Gregorian calendar begins, eventually leading to near-universal adoption.
The adoption of the Gregorian Calendar was an event in the modern history of most nations and societies, marking a change from their traditional (or old style) dating system to the modern (or new style) dating system that is widely used around the world today. Some countries adopted the new calendar from 1582, some did not do so before the early twentieth century, and others did so at various dates between; however a number continue to use a different civil calendar. For many the new style calendar is only used for civil purposes and the old style calendar remains used in religious contexts. Today, the Gregorian calendar is the world’s most widely used civil calendar.[1][2][3] During – and for some time after – the change between systems, it has been common to use the terms Old Style and New Style when giving dates, to indicate which calendar was used to reckon them.

The Gregorian calendar was decreed in 1582 by the papal bull Inter gravissimas by Pope Gregory XIII, to correct the erroneous assumption in the then-current Julian calendar that a year lasts 365.25 days, when in reality it is about 365.2422 days. Although Gregory’s reform was enacted in the most solemn of forms available to the Church, the bull had no authority beyond the Catholic Church and the Papal States. The changes he was proposing were changes to the civil calendar, over which he had no formal authority. They required adoption by the civil authorities in each country to have legal effect.

The bull became the canon law of the Catholic Church in 1582, but it was not recognised by Protestant churches, Eastern Orthodox Churches, and a few others. Consequently, the days on which Easter and related holidays were celebrated by different Christian churches diverged.



Born On This Day

1906 – Alicia Patterson, American journalist and publisher, co-founded Newsday (d. 1963)
Alicia Patterson (October 15, 1906 – July 2, 1963) was the founder and editor of Newsday, which became a respected and Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper. With Neysa McMein, she created the Deathless Deer comic strip in 1943.

Early life
Alicia was the middle daughter of Alice (née Higinbotham) and Joseph Medill Patterson,[1] the founder of the New York Daily News,[2] and the great-granddaughter of Joseph Medill,[1] owner of the Chicago Tribune.[3][a] Her mother’s father was Harlow Higinbotham, partner of Marshall Field’s Department Store in Chicago.[3][4] Patterson’s sisters were Elinor (1904–1984) and Josephine (1913–1963).[1]

The family lived on a farm in Libertyville, Illinois in her earliest years, during a period when her father eschewed capitalism. He returned to the publishing world in 1910, as editor of the Chicago Tribune.[3] He sent Patterson to Germany to live with a family and learn German when she was four years old.[3] During her childhood, Patterson was raised by her father as if she were his son. He taught her daring sports, like high diving and jumping while horseback riding, to test her courage.[3]

Patterson attended the Francis Parker School and University School for Girls in Chicago. She was then sent to finishing schools in Maryland and Lausanne, Switzerland, from which she was expelled for violating the rules.[3] She attended the Foxcroft School in Virginia, where she finished second in her class, and was then sent to a school in Rome where she was expelled for behavior issues.[3]

At age 19 years, she had her coming-out party in Chicago, after having spent a year in Europe with her mother and sister.[3]

Her half-brother, James J. Patterson (1922–1992), was the son of Joseph Patterson and Mary King (1885–1975),[1] who married in 1938, the same year James’ and Alice’s divorce was finalized.[5]

Patterson married James Simpson, Jr., the son of Marshall Field’s chairman of the board, according to her father’s bidding. The couple lived together only one year and were divorced in 1930.[3] During that period, she learned how to fly a plane with her father and hunted game in Indochina.[3]. In 1931 she married Joseph W. Brooks and was divorced in 1939.

In 1939,[10] she married her third husband, Harry Guggenheim,[11][10] who had been a United States ambassador to Cuba.[11] Guggenheim was on active duty for the military during World War II, during which time Patterson ran Newsday. When Guggenheim returned, he ran the administrative aspects of the business.[2]

She worked in the promotion department of her father’s Daily News in 1927, before being assigned as a reporter. She socialized with other young reporters at speakeasies and misspelled the names of the parties involved in a high-profile divorce case, for which the newspaper was sued for libel. She returned to Chicago after she was fired,[3] then married Harry Frank Guggenheim, who was Jewish.[11]

Patterson also had a career in comics, creating the character Deathless Deer with Neysa McMein. It ran in the Boston Herald[12] and the Chicago Tribune in 1943.[13]

Harry Guggenheim used a portion of the Guggenheim family’s fortune[11] to help his wife purchase a newspaper in Hempstead and found Newsday in 1940.[10] Guggenheim awarded 49% of the paper’s stock to his wife, and retained 51% for himself.[10] Newsday’s use of investigative journalism, “lively style”, and coverage of liberal and international politics led it to become a respected newspaper.[11] In 1954, it won the Pulitzer Prize and became the country’s largest suburban magazine. Patterson used the paper as a vehicle to create an identity for Long Island.[2]

Alicia Patterson died aged 56, of complications following stomach surgery for an ulcer, on July 2, 1963.[14] Her ashes are interred at her hunting lodge in Kingsland, Georgia.[15]

John Steinbeck, Patterson’s friend since 1956, wrote a series of articles in the form of “Letters to Alicia” for Newsday following her death. In them he expressed his controversial views, such as his support for President Lyndon B. Johnson’s handling of the Vietnam War and his perception of moral decline within the United States.[2] The series was written at the request of Harry Guggenheim, who became the editor of the newspaper following Patterson’s death,[2] with Patterson’s nephew, Joseph Medill Patterson Albright, working as his assistant editor.[14][b]

She was memorialized by Joan Miró’s mural, Alicia, at the Guggenheim Museum, proposed by Harry F. Guggenheim, who was then president of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation.[16]

The Alicia Patterson Foundation, created in accordance with her will, presents an annual prize to mid-career journalists.[10]



By Rissa Shaw, KWTX: A Fair to Remember: Country artist dedicates concert to local girl battling cancer
By Sophia Hernandez, WCTV: Miracle in Madison County: Student revived by SRO and school nurse







FYI October 14, 2019

On This Day

1656 – Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).
Quakers, also called Friends, are a historically Christian group whose formal name is the Religious Society of Friends.[2] Members of the various Quaker movements are all generally united in a belief in the ability of each human being to experientially access the light within, or “that of God in every one”.[3]

Some may profess the priesthood of all believers, a doctrine derived from the First Epistle of Peter.[4][5][6][7] They include those with evangelical, holiness, liberal, and traditional Quaker understandings of Christianity. There are also Nontheist Quakers whose spiritual practice is not reliant on the existence of God. To differing extents, the different movements that make up the Religious Society of Friends/Friends Church avoid creeds and hierarchical structures.[8] In 2007, there were about 359,000 adult Quakers worldwide.[9] In 2017, there were 377,557 adult Quakers, with 49% in Africa.[10]

Around 89% of Quakers worldwide belong to the “evangelical” and “programmed” branches of Quakerism[11]—these Quakers worship in services with singing and a prepared message from the Bible, coordinated by a pastor. Around 11% of Friends[12] practice waiting worship, or unprogrammed worship (more commonly known today as Meeting for Worship), where the order of service is not planned in advance, is predominantly silent, and may include unprepared vocal ministry from those present. Some meetings of both types have Recorded Ministers in their meetings—Friends recognised for their gift of vocal ministry.[13]

The first Quakers lived in mid-17th-century England. The movement arose from the Legatine-Arians and other dissenting Protestant groups, breaking away from the established Church of England. The Quakers, especially the ones known as the Valiant Sixty, attempted to convert others to their understanding of Christianity, travelling both throughout Great Britain and overseas, preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ. Some of these early Quaker ministers were women.[14] They based their message on the religious belief that “Christ has come to teach his people himself”, stressing the importance of a direct relationship with God through Jesus Christ, and a direct religious belief in the universal priesthood of all believers.[15] They emphasized a personal and direct religious experience of Christ, acquired through both direct religious experience and the reading and studying of the Bible.[16] Quakers focused their private life on developing behaviour and speech reflecting emotional purity and the light of God.[17]

In the past, Quakers were known for their use of thee as an ordinary pronoun, refusal to participate in war, plain dress, refusal to swear oaths, opposition to slavery, and teetotalism.[18] Some Quakers founded banks and financial institutions, including Barclays, Lloyds, and Friends Provident; manufacturing companies, including shoe retailer C. & J. Clark and the big three British confectionery makers Cadbury, Rowntree and Fry; and philanthropic efforts, including abolition of slavery, prison reform, and social justice projects.[19]

In 1947, the Quakers, represented by the British Friends Service Council and the American Friends Service Committee, were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.[20][21]



Born On This Day

1894 – Victoria Drummond, British marine engineer (d. 1978)
Victoria Alexandrina Drummond MBE (1894–1978), was the first woman marine engineer in Britain and first woman member of Institute of Marine Engineers. In World War II she served at sea as an engineering officer in the British Merchant Navy and received awards for bravery under enemy fire.

Read more -> /strong>




By Alison Langley, OZY: No Longer Silenced, a Former Kidnapping Victim Takes on Cyberbullies
Why you should care
Because she has a platform to change the conversation.


By Ned Conlin & Erin Cook, OZY: This American Soldier–Serial Killer Terrorized Wartime Australia
Why you should care
Pvt. Eddie Leonski kept hearing women’s voices in his head. Then the bodies started piling up.

There was a sense it had to be an American serviceman, if only for the comfort that it couldn’t be one of us.
Bart Ziino, historian at Deakin University

For 22 weeks he waited on an appeal. Then a letter from Roosevelt arrived. Leonski was hanged on Nov. 9, 1942. To this day, he’s the only person tried and executed on Australian soil by a foreign government.

By Kristina Gaddy, OZY: How Nudist Vegans Sparked a Jazz Classic … and a Movement
Why you should care
The Richters promoted healthy living and nudism from the comfort of their ahead-of-its-time restaurant.

They created a cultlike following. At their restaurants, the Richters hired others who believed in and would proselytize the natural-living message. This included the Nature Boys, a group of young men who lived outside in Los Angeles in caves and canyons. They grew their hair long and basked naked in the California sun. Some worked or played music at the Richters’ restaurants, and Vera’s food and John’s lectures influenced their diets and lifestyle. One of them, Eden Ahbez, would go on to write the famous song “Nature Boy” and sell it to Nat King Cole. Another, California hippie Robert Bootzin, who went by Gypsy Boots, opened a health food store in 1958 and was one of the early proponents of the smoothie.


By Dan Satherley, News Hub: NASA engineer invents physics-breaking new space engine

By Stephanie Donovan, Beyond Bylines: Blog Profiles: Autumn Blogs

By Leila Fadel, NPR: Columbus Day Or Indigenous Peoples’ Day?



By Lancaster University: The nano-guitar string that plays itself


Open Culture: Why Should We Read Dante’s Divine Comedy? An Animated Video Makes the Case; Treasures in the Trash: A Secret Museum Inside a Working New York City Department of Sanitation Garage and more ->

GlacierHub Newsletter — Oct. 14, 2019

Kathryn’s Report: Incident occurred October 13, 2019 at John F. Kennedy International Airport (KJFK), New York; Cessna 172S Skyhawk: Accident occurred October 12, 2019 at at Key West International Airport (KEYW), Monroe County, Florida and more ->

MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCLXXIII): Porto Flavia, Italy, a sea harbor and former mining hub; The Topiary at Paleis Het Look; Eskimo medicine man exorcising evil spirits from a sick boy in Alaska; The derelict prison that once held Oscar Wilde is up for sale; Folding Bath Tub and more ->


The Rural Blog: Kansas town gives away free land to lure new residents; FCC adjusts rural health program to boost telehealth; Democratic members say changes could hurt rural providers and more ->

Fast Company Compass: How to stop screens from ruining your eyes; Columbus Day, Indigenous Peoples’ Day, or both. More ->
By Josh S. Rose, Medium: The Shoemaker Jarret Schlaff is partnering with veterans to create a leather-goods brand — and rebuild Detroit

By Ivy Kwong, Medium: So You Want To Know The Cause of Avicii’s Death?
With living comes a responsibility to tap into your own greatness, your own gifts, and your own Hero.

With living comes a responsibility to save your own life by whatever means possible.

With living comes a responsibility to have the courage to realize when you are off track and to summon the strength to get back onto your path, again and again and again.

With living comes a responsibility to reach out to others, because we are not meant to walk this path alone. A trusted family member. A therapist. A friend.