On This Day
1348 – The founding of the Order of the Garter by King Edward III is announced on St. George’s Day.
The Order of the Garter (formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross and George Cross) in England and later the United Kingdom. It is dedicated to the image and arms of Saint George, England’s patron saint.
Appointments are made at the Sovereign’s sole discretion. Membership of the Order is limited to the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and no more than 24 living members, or Companions. The order also includes supernumerary knights and ladies (e.g., members of the British royal family and foreign monarchs). New appointments to the Order of the Garter are often announced on St George’s Day (23 April), as Saint George is the order’s patron saint.
The order’s emblem is a garter with the motto Honi soit qui mal y pense (Middle French: “Shame on him who thinks ill of it”) in gold lettering. Members of the order wear it on ceremonial occasions.
Born On This Day
1856 – Granville Woods, American inventor and engineer (d. 1910)
Granville Tailer Woods (April 23, 1856 – January 30, 1910) was an American inventor who held more than 60 patents. He is also the first American of African ancestry to be a mechanical and electrical engineer after the Civil War. Self-taught, he concentrated most of his work on trains and streetcars. One of his notable inventions was the Multiplex Telegraph, a device that sent messages between train stations and moving trains. His work assured a safer and better public transportation system for the cities of the United States.
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