On This Day
1863 – A 65-man French Foreign Legion infantry patrol fights a force of nearly 2,000 Mexican soldiers to nearly the last man in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
The Battle of Camarón (French: Bataille de Camerone) which occurred over ten hours:21 on 30 April 1863 between the French Foreign Legion and the Mexican army, is regarded as a defining moment in the Foreign Legion’s history. A small infantry patrol, led by Captain Jean Danjou and Lieutenants Clément Maudet and Jean Vilain, numbering just 65 men:5 was attacked and besieged by a force that may have eventually reached 3,000 Mexican infantry and cavalry, and was forced to make a defensive stand at the nearby Hacienda Camarón, in Camarón de Tejeda, Veracruz, Mexico. The conduct of the Legion, who refused to surrender, led to a certain mystique — and the battle of Camarón became synonymous with bravery and a fight-to-the-death attitude. In June 2017, the Warfare History Network declared this battle as one of the 17 greatest last stands in military history.
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Born On This Day
1866 – Mary Haviland Stilwell Kuesel, American pioneer dentist (d. 1936)
Mary Haviland Stilwell Kuesel sometimes spelled Stillwell-Kuesel (April 30, 1866 – June 22, 1936) was a pioneer American dentist. She was the founder of the Women’s Dental Association of the United States.
Mary Haviland Stilwell was born April 30, 1866 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1892, she founded the Women’s Dental Association of the U.S. In 1902, she married Dr. George C. Kuesel, a medical doctor. They were associate members of the Fairmount Park Art Association. She died June 22, 1936 in Philadelphia of coronary thrombosis. Her correspondence is held in a collection by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
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