On This Day
1782 – George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.
The Badge of Military Merit was a military award of the United States Armed Forces. It is largely considered America’s first military decoration, and the second oldest in the world (after the Cross of St. George).[a] The award was only given to non-commissioned officers and privates. The Purple Heart is the official successor decoration of the Badge of Military Merit.
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Born On This Day
1869 – Mary Frances Winston, American mathematician (d. 1959)
Mary Frances Winston Newson (August 7, 1869 – December 5, 1959) was an American mathematician. She became the first female American to receive a PhD in mathematics from a European university, namely the University of Göttingen in Germany. She was also the first person to translate Hilbert’s problems into English.
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Fireside Books presents Shelf Awareness for Readers for Friday, August 7, 2020