On This Day
1813 – Instituto Nacional, is founded by the Chilean patriot José Miguel Carrera. It is Chile’s oldest and most prestigious school. Its motto is Labor Omnia Vincit, which means “Work conquers all things”.
Instituto Nacional General José Miguel Carrera, often shortened to Instituto Nacional (National Institute), founded on August 10, 1813 by the Chilean patriot José Miguel Carrera, officially Liceo Ex A-0 – Instituto Nacional General José Miguel Carrera, is Chile’s oldest learning institution and its most prestigious school. Its motto is ‘Labor Omnia Vincit’, which means “Hard work conquers all”.
It is an all-male public school teaching 7th and 8th grade of the basic level (Educación Básica) and 1st through 4th grade of the intermediate level (Educación Media). It is located in downtown Santiago, Chile, neighboring the University of Chile’s main campus. The exact location is Arturo Prat #33, Santiago, Chile.
Instituto Nacional is considered by many to be one of the best schools in Chile, and the most prestigious one.
Born On This Day
1905 – Era Bell Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 1986)
Era Bell Thompson (August 10, 1905 – December 30, 1986) was a graduate of the University of North Dakota (UND) and an editor of Ebony magazine. She was also a recipient of the governor of North Dakota’s Roughrider Award. A multicultural center at UND is named after her.
Thompson was born on August 10, 1905 in Des Moines, Iowa, the only daughter of Steward “Tony” Thompson and Mary Logan Thompson, the children of former slaves.
In 1914, her parents moved Thompson and her three brothers to Driscoll, North Dakota where they were the only black family in the small community, and she and her brothers were often the only African-Americans in the schools they attended. Thompson would find herself in similar situations for much of her youth and into early adulthood. She wrote years later of her ignorance of blacks before she moved to Chicago following her graduation from college.
Thompson graduated from Bismarck High, where she had excelled in sports and pursued journalism, often to cope with the isolation she often felt. She enrolled at the University of North Dakota in 1925, and she excelled in track and field, breaking several school records, tying two national records and earning the distinction of being one of the state’s greatest athletes. However, during her second year of college, an extended bout with pleurisy left her too debilitated to run track and forced her to leave school.
She moved to Chicago and worked in a variety of short-lived clerical jobs before landing one at a magazine. For three months and for a pay of ten dollars a week, she “learned how to run a magazine on hope, patience, and a very worn shoe string; to proofread and write advertising copy—and keep warm by burning magazines in an old fireplace,” Thompson writes in her autobiography. After an illness to her father she was forced to return to North Dakota, where she worked for the Rev.Robert O’Brian family doing chores in exchange for financial support for her and her family
She returned to college with the support of the Rev. Robert O’Brian family, and received a B.A. degree from Morningside College in Sioux City, Iowa. Returning to Chicago, she did postgraduate work at Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism. Initially unable to find a job in journalism, Thompson worked a number of small clerical jobs while continuing to write small personal writing projects and, thanks in part to a fellowship from Newberry Library, an autobiography. Published in 1946, it is entitled American Daughter.
In 1947, Thompson came to the attention of Ebony. She joined the magazine as associate editor. Two years after becoming co-managing editor, she began her foreign reporting in 1953. She was instrumental in shaping Ebony magazine’s vision and guiding its coverage for approximately forty years while serving in a variety of editorial capacities.
In 1954 she published a second book, Africa, Land of My Fathers, based on a tour of 18 countries in Africa. Thompson was still listed as an editor of Ebony in 1985, an indication of her longevity with the publication. She was praised for her efforts in promoting both racial and gender understanding. She died in Chicago in 1986.
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